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Luxembourg: Grand Duke Jean (B)
Luxembourg: Grand Duke Jean (B)
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Henri et Maria Teresa de Luxembourg en toute intimité
Henri et Maria Teresa de Luxembourg en toute intimité
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Paris Match
2012 Chrëschtdagsusprooch vum Grand-Duc
2012 Chrëschtdagsusprooch vum Grand-Duc
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: LuxembourgExposed
Love Story: Maria Teresa and Henri of Luxembourg
Love Story: Maria Teresa and Henri of Luxembourg
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Happy Birthday Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg 2017
Happy Birthday Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg 2017
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Princes of Luxembourg: Guillaume, Félix, Louis and Sébastien.
Princes of Luxembourg: Guillaume, Félix, Louis and Sébastien.
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Duke Henri & Grand Duchess Maria Teresa a marriage in pictures
Grand Duke Henri & Grand Duchess Maria Teresa a marriage in pictures
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Wedding of Prince Jean of Luxembourg and Princess Josephine Charlotte of Belgium - 1953
Wedding of Prince Jean of Luxembourg and Princess Josephine Charlotte of Belgium - 1953
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Christening of Prince Liam of Nassau (Prince Felix and Princess Claire´s son)
Christening of Prince Liam of Nassau (Prince Felix and Princess Claire´s son)
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
President Abbas Meets His Royal Highness Henri the Grand Duke of  Luxembourg
President Abbas Meets His Royal Highness Henri the Grand Duke of  Luxembourg
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: President Mahmoud Abbas
Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg
Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg
Published: 2010/10/17
Channel: Mad Monarchist
The Royal Wedding of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume and Stephanie de Lannoy 2012
The Royal Wedding of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume and Stephanie de Lannoy 2012
Published: 2014/09/10
Channel: Eric Hamilton
96 Years in Pictures: Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
96 Years in Pictures: Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Duke of Luxembourg & His Family. Luxembourg National Day. 22 June 2010.
Grand Duke of Luxembourg & His Family. Luxembourg National Day. 22 June 2010.
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: Dude Ain't Perfect
Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at the Çankaya Presidential Palace - 19.11.2013
Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at the Çankaya Presidential Palace - 19.11.2013
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: Abdullah Gül
Beautiful Family: Felix, Claire, Amalia and Liam of Luxembourg
Beautiful Family: Felix, Claire, Amalia and Liam of Luxembourg
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa attended  the CLAE Festival of migrations
Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa attended the CLAE Festival of migrations
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Stephanie of Luxembourg Spectacular at Gala Dinner for Luxembourg National Day 2017
Stephanie of Luxembourg Spectacular at Gala Dinner for Luxembourg National Day 2017
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Duke of Luxembourg & His Family. Luxembourg National Day. 22 June 2010.
Grand Duke of Luxembourg & His Family. Luxembourg National Day. 22 June 2010.
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: Dude Ain't Perfect
New Photos Grand Duke Henri & Grand Duchess Maria Teresa
New Photos Grand Duke Henri & Grand Duchess Maria Teresa
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at the Olympic Games 2016
Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at the Olympic Games 2016
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa - Meet Luxembourg 2016
Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa - Meet Luxembourg 2016
Published: 2016/09/03
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Son Prince Felix and Princess Claire Called  Prince Liam Henri Hartmut of Nassau
Son Prince Felix and Princess Claire Called Prince Liam Henri Hartmut of Nassau
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Opening of the 5th Atlantic Council Energy & Economic Summit
Opening of the 5th Atlantic Council Energy & Economic Summit
Published: 2013/11/26
Channel: AtlanticCouncil
Mini-Episode 2 "The Grand Duke of Luxembourg is Visisting"
Mini-Episode 2 "The Grand Duke of Luxembourg is Visisting"
Published: 2013/03/01
Channel: C. Philip Montgomery
The Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
The Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Ducal Family Celebrates Luxembourg National Day 2017 - Day 1
Grand Ducal Family Celebrates Luxembourg National Day 2017 - Day 1
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa opened Lunex University
Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa opened Lunex University
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg
Published: 2009/07/06
Channel: Mad Monarchist
End of Exile - Grand Duchess Charlotte remembered
End of Exile - Grand Duchess Charlotte remembered
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: RoyalblogNL
Grand Duke Henri welcomes Queen Beatrix
Grand Duke Henri welcomes Queen Beatrix
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: RoyalblogNL
SYND 13/6/72 DUKE AND DUCHESS OF LUXEMBOURG GREETED BY QUEEN
SYND 13/6/72 DUKE AND DUCHESS OF LUXEMBOURG GREETED BY QUEEN
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg
Published: 2011/04/18
Channel: Lost Splendour
Royals at Olympic Games 2016: Prince Albert, Grand Duke Henri, Queen Silvia and King Carl Gustaf
Royals at Olympic Games 2016: Prince Albert, Grand Duke Henri, Queen Silvia and King Carl Gustaf
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
The Luxembourg Grand Ducal Court has announced Prince Louis and Princess Tessy are to divorce
The Luxembourg Grand Ducal Court has announced Prince Louis and Princess Tessy are to divorce
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Royal Fashion Tube
Benedict XVI receives Grand Duke of Luxemburg
Benedict XVI receives Grand Duke of Luxemburg
Published: 2009/09/17
Channel: The Vatican
Grand Ducal Family Celebrates Luxembourg
Grand Ducal Family Celebrates Luxembourg's National Day 2016
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Luxembourg Princely Family
Luxembourg Princely Family
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Dutch royal couple on first international visit since their coronation
Dutch royal couple on first international visit since their coronation
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and her daughter Princess Alexandra
Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and her daughter Princess Alexandra
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Royal Family of Luxembourg 2013
Royal Family of Luxembourg 2013
Published: 2013/09/22
Channel: RoyalLife CZ
Grand Duke Henri prepares for Queen Beatrix
Grand Duke Henri prepares for Queen Beatrix
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: Bakker Bugle
Grand Ducal Family Celebrates Luxembourg National Day 2017 - Day 2
Grand Ducal Family Celebrates Luxembourg National Day 2017 - Day 2
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg New Year´s Receptions 2017
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg New Year´s Receptions 2017
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Royal Fashion Channel
Guard Of Grand Duke Henri
Guard Of Grand Duke Henri
Published: 2010/04/16
Channel: KingdomOfGenovia
Grand Duke and Grand Duchess  35th Wedding Anniversary
Grand Duke and Grand Duchess 35th Wedding Anniversary
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
S.A.R. Grand-Duke Henri of Luxemburg; SAR is King as in SARcophagus, Sir, Sire, Tsar, CaeSAR, etc.
S.A.R. Grand-Duke Henri of Luxemburg; SAR is King as in SARcophagus, Sir, Sire, Tsar, CaeSAR, etc.
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: giureh
Luxembourg’s royal family meets Pope Francis
Luxembourg’s royal family meets Pope Francis
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: The New Royalty World TV
Grand-Duc 2016 Leak!
Grand-Duc 2016 Leak!
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: LuxembourgExposed
La sympathie du grand-duc de luxembourg
La sympathie du grand-duc de luxembourg
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: freedam
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Henri
Grand Duke Luxembourg Royal Wedding 2012.jpg
Henri at the wedding of his son in 2012
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Reign 7 October 2000 – present
Predecessor Jean
Heir apparent Prince Guillaume
Prime Ministers
Regency 3 March 1998 – 7 October 2000
Born (1955-04-16) 16 April 1955 (age 62)
Betzdorf Castle, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Spouse María Teresa Mestre y Batista (m. 1981)
Issue
Detail
Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Prince Felix
Prince Louis
Princess Alexandra
Prince Sébastien
Full name
Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume
House Nassau-Weilburg
Father Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Mother Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium
Religion Roman Catholic

Henri (Luxembourgish: Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume;[needs IPA][1] born 16 April 1955) is the current Grand Duke of Luxembourg, reigning since 7 October 2000. He is the eldest son of Grand Duke Jean and Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium, and a first cousin of Philippe, the current king of Belgium.

Childhood[edit]

Henri (far left) with his parents and siblings in 1963

Henri was born at Betzdorf Castle in eastern Luxembourg on 16 April 1955, the second child and first son of Jean, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium, and grandchild of Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma. The prince's godparents were the Prince of Liège (his maternal uncle) and Princess Marie Gabriele, countess of Holstein-Ledreborg (his paternal aunt).

Henri has four siblings: Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria (born 1954), Prince Jean of Luxembourg (born 1957), Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein (born 1957) and Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (born 1963).

On 12 November 1964, when Henri was nine, his grandmother's abdication and his father's subsequent accession as grand duke made him heir apparent. As the grand duke's eldest son, he automatically took the title of hereditary grand duke.

Education[edit]

Henri was educated in Luxembourg and in France, where he obtained his baccalaureate in 1974. He then studied political science at University of Geneva and the Graduate Institute of International Studies, graduating in 1980. The Grand Duke also undertook military officer training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, England.

Marriage and family[edit]

While studying in Geneva, Henri met the former María Teresa Mestre y Batista, who was also a political science student. They married in Luxembourg on 4 February/14 February 1981 with the previous consent of the grand duke, dated 7 November 1980.

The couple have five children:

Constitutional position[edit]

The Grand Duke with his wife and heir apparent
The grand duke with his son Felix in New York during 2013 UN session

Prince Henri became heir apparent to the Luxembourg throne on the abdication of his paternal grandmother, Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg, on 12 November 1964. From 1980 to 1998, he was a member of the Council of State.

On 4 March 1998, Prince Henri was appointed as lieutenant representative by his father, Grand Duke Jean, meaning that he assumed most of his father's constitutional powers. On 7 October 2000, immediately following the abdication of his father, Henri acceded as grand duke of Luxembourg and took the constitutional oath before the Chamber of Deputies later that day.

Euthanasia and constitutional reform controversies[edit]

On 2 December 2008 it was announced that Grand Duke Henri had stated he would refuse to give his "assent" to a new law on euthanasia that had been passed earlier in the year by the Chamber of Deputies. Under the constitution then, the grand duke "sanctions and promulgates the laws" meaning the need for the grand duke's sanction or "approval" was required in order for laws to take effect. In the absence of clarity on the long-term implications for the constitutional position of the grand duke posed by such a refusal, it was announced by Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker that a constitutional amendment would be brought forward amending the constitution.

The Luxembourg royal house had tried to block a decision by parliament only once before, when Grand Duchess Marie-Adelaide refused to sign an education bill in 1912. The ultimate solution was that the grand duke would be declared unable to perform his duty temporarily; this was similar to the 'escape route' provided to his uncle King Baudouin of Belgium when he refused to sign an abortion law in 1991, and thus the law could take effect without the signature of the grand duke, but also without the need to enact far-reaching changes in the constitution.

Article 34 of the constitution was subsequently amended to remove the term "assent".[2] Leaving the relevant provision to read "The Grand Duke promulgates the laws..." As a result, his signature is still needed but is clear that his signature is automatic and that he/she has no freedom of decision. The head of state no longer has to "sanction" laws for them to take effect; he merely promulgates them.[3]

Role and interests[edit]

The Grand Duke with Vladimir Putin in May 2007

As the head of a constitutional monarchy, Grand Duke Henri's duties are primarily representative. However, he retains the constitutional power to appoint the prime minister and government, to dissolve the Chamber of Deputies, to promulgate laws and to accredit ambassadors.

Grand Duke Henri is commander-in-chief of the Luxembourg Army, in which he holds the rank of general. He is also an honorary major in the British RAF Regiment.

One of the grand duke's main functions is to represent Luxembourg in the field of foreign affairs. In May 2001, Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa undertook their first foreign state visit to Spain at the invitation of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia.

Grand Duke Henri is a member of the International Olympic Committee, a member of The Mentor Foundation (established by the World Health Organisation) and a director of the Charles Darwin Trust for the Galápagos Islands.

The grand duke lives with his family at Berg Castle in Luxembourg. He also has a holiday home at Cabasson, near Bormes-les-Mimosas in the south of France.

Media and publicity[edit]

The grand duke and grand duchess at the wedding of the Crown Princess of Sweden in 2010

Since the accession of Henri to the Grand Ducal Throne in 2000, the court's approach to media and publicity has varied markedly. In 2002, Grand Duke Henri expressly identified himself with a press conference called by Grand Duchess Maria Teresa with a view to discussing with journalists the shortcomings of her personal relations with her mother-in-law Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte.

In contrast, when the grand ducal couple's first grandchild was born in 2006, the Court Circular pointedly omitted to mention the event, probably as the father Prince Louis was not married at the time. However, the pregnancy was announced in 2005, so the country was informed that the prince and his girlfriend were going to be parents. The press also had access to the child's baptism.

The grand ducal family's approach to media and publicity issues has given rise to media comment regarding the quality of communications advice which has been sought and followed. As well as the public airing of the difficulties between the grand duchess and her mother-in-law, several other events have resulted in adverse publicity, most notably: in 2004, the opening of parliament by the grand duke in person, the first time in over 100 years the monarch had done so; in 2005, the grand duke announced he intended to vote in favour of the European Constitution in the impending referendum, only to be reminded by senior politicians that he had no such right; the proposed sale of large tracts of the Gruenewald in the summer of 2006 shortly followed by the proposed sale (cancelled shortly afterwards) at Sotheby's of recently deceased Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte's effects.[4]

Health[edit]

On 3 February 2011, Henri was admitted to the Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg on falling ill. Shortly after, the grand ducal court issued a statement saying that he was to undergo an angioplasty. The day after, the communications chief announced that the surgery had been a success. "The state of His Royal Highness' health is not disturbing," the statement read, before stating the grand duke may leave the hospital within the next few days. Although the reason has not formally been disclosed, it is reported that the grand duke felt ill after waking that day, and the court physician noticed circulation problems. It was then that he was rushed to hospital, to the cardiac unit, and was discharged the following day.

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 16 April 1955 - 12 November 1964: His Royal Highness Prince Henri of Luxembourg, Prince of Nassau, Prince of Bourbon-Parma
  • 12 November 1964 - 28 July 1987: His Royal Highness Prince Henri, The Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Prince of Nassau, Prince of Bourbon-Parma
  • 28 July 1987 - 7 October 2000: His Royal Highness Prince Henri, The Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Prince of Nassau
  • 7 October 2000 - present: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Luxembourg

The Grand Duke's style and title in full: His Royal Highness Henri by the Grace of God, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count of Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen and Diez, Burgrave of Hammerstein, Lord of Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg and Eppstein[citation needed]

On ascending the throne, Grand Duke Henri relinquished the styling "by the Grace of God", and in the laws, decrees, and official documents his name and title is: "Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau".[citation needed]

Honours[edit]

National honours and awards[edit]

Foreign honours and awards[edit]

Dynastic honours[edit]

Ancestors[edit]

Patrilineal descent[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grand Duke Henri (b. 1955)", The official portal of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
  2. ^ http://data.legilux.public.lu/eli/etat/leg/loi/2009/03/12/n1/jo
  3. ^ "Luxembourg to reduce duke's power", BBC News, 3 December 2008.
  4. ^ Revue 10 December 2008, Editions Revue S.A., Luxembourg
  5. ^ "L'actualité des royautés, "Henri et Maria Teresa en Autriche"" (in French). Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Photographic image. Belga Images.
  7. ^ "Royalement Blog: Visite d'Etat belge au Luxembourg". Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  8. ^ DECRETO DE 3 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2007 - website JusBrasil
  9. ^ https://1.bp.blogspot.com/--8p6AUIqeHA/VvrctrZUgxI/AAAAAAAAdEI/2pawqVPY1NMkvhS4UJ9pHK8LXPLbP7kRQ/s1600/1the%2Bgrand%2Bduke-H.R.H.%2BGrand%2BDuke%2BHenri%2Bof%2BLuxembourg%2B%2Bf.jpg
  10. ^ http://www4.pictures.zimbio.com/bg/Grand+Duchess+Luxembourg+Grand+Duke+Luxembourg+ZTi4K33dkwxl.jpg
  11. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/license/50838091
  12. ^ Estonian State decorations, 05/05/2003
  13. ^ "Noblesse et Royautés" website, article with photos of gala dinner
  14. ^ www.gouvernement.lu, State visit of President Tarja Halonen in Luxembourg in november 2008 (article in French with photos showing the decorations)
  15. ^ www.gouvernement.lu/, State visit of President Stephanopoulos in Luxembourg, July 2001
  16. ^ "Noblesse et Royautes" website, State visit of Italian President Napolitano in Luxembourg, february 2009
  17. ^ Latvian Presidency, Recipients list (.doc)
  18. ^ Agency photo taken during the state visit (French) of Malian President Amadou Toumani Touré in Luxembourg in November 2005.
  19. ^ "State Visit from Luxembourg to The Netherlands: April 24-26, 2006 - Page 3 - The Royal Forums". Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Noblesse et Royautes" website, State visit of Queen Beatrix in Luxembourg, 21-23 march 2012
  21. ^ The Royal Correspondent
  22. ^ President's decision M.P. z 2014 r. poz. 728
  23. ^ Alvará n.º 23/2005. Diário da República n.º 218/2005, Série II de 2005-11-14
  24. ^ Alvará (extracto) n.º 16/2010. Diário da República n.º 219/2010, Série II de 2010-11-11. p.55733.
  25. ^ State visit in Luxembourg
  26. ^ Romanian Presidency website, Recipients of the order (Excel sheet)
  27. ^ Slovak republic website, State honours (click on "Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross" to see the holders' table) : 1st Class received by Grand-Duke in 2002, i.e. during the state visit (French) of President Rudolf Schuster in Luxembourg (november 2002).
  28. ^ Real Decreto 474/2007. Boletín Oficial del Estado núm. 90, de 14 de abril de 2007, p. 16516
  29. ^ a b Spanish Royal Family website, State visit of Juan Carlos & Sofia in Luxembourg, April 2007, Photo of the Sovereign couples
  30. ^ Real Decreto 3198/1980. Boletín Oficial del Estado núm. 109, de 7 de mayo de 1981, p. 9813
  31. ^ Real Decreto 525/2001. Boletín Oficial del Estado núm. 114, de 12 de mayo de 2001, p. 17204
  32. ^ "Noblesse et Royautes" website, Victoria of Sweden's wedding, June 2010
  33. ^ "50Th Anniversary Of King Carl Gustav Of Sweden In Stockholm, Sweden On April 30, 1996. Pictures - Getty Images". Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  34. ^ "Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg at the Çankaya Presidential Palace". Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  35. ^ "Hata Sayfası". Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  36. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/license/113265385
  37. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/license/57555397

External links[edit]

Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Born: 16 April 1955
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jean
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Duke of Nassau

2000–present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Guillaume

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