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The Story of Eric Liddell -  inspiration for the film "Chariots of Fire"
The Story of Eric Liddell - inspiration for the film "Chariots of Fire"
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Noah's Dove
The TorchLighters-The Tale of Eric Liddel
The TorchLighters-The Tale of Eric Liddel
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Eroii Credintei
Chuck Liddell Gets Touching Message From Fallen Friend | Hollywood Medium with Tyler Henry | E!
Chuck Liddell Gets Touching Message From Fallen Friend | Hollywood Medium with Tyler Henry | E!
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: E! Entertainment
CHRISTIAN MISSIONARYS - ERIC HENRY LIDDELL
CHRISTIAN MISSIONARYS - ERIC HENRY LIDDELL
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: GOD MINISTRY
Eric Henry Liddell A Fé corajosa de um Homem para o Mundo
Eric Henry Liddell A Fé corajosa de um Homem para o Mundo
Published: 2013/04/19
Channel: ceusidney
Henry Liddell
Henry Liddell
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
What means... strategy?
What means... strategy?
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: Clausewitz MTH
ABEL SMITH WEDDING
ABEL SMITH WEDDING
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Meet The Real Alice in Wonderland!
Meet The Real Alice in Wonderland!
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: TheCoolist
Eric Liddell (Missionary to China), The Runner With Heart, read by Jim Junkins
Eric Liddell (Missionary to China), The Runner With Heart, read by Jim Junkins
Published: 2011/12/19
Channel: Dave Flang
IF A LIVERPOOL FAN WAS A COMMENTATOR (SEMI: VILLA 2-1 LFC)
IF A LIVERPOOL FAN WAS A COMMENTATOR (SEMI: VILLA 2-1 LFC)
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: YNFA Football
Henry Liddell
Henry Liddell
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Search Engine
The TorchLighters-The Tale of Eric Liddel
The TorchLighters-The Tale of Eric Liddel
Published: 2017/12/03
Channel: THAWAT DECHAME
He who honors God
He who honors God
Published: 2008/04/10
Channel: lediesa
أريك ليدل مرسل اسكتلندى - صانع نهضة
أريك ليدل مرسل اسكتلندى - صانع نهضة
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: The People God Uses In Revival
Tyler Henry Decodes How DJ Pauly D
Tyler Henry Decodes How DJ Pauly D's Best Friend Died | Hollywood Medium with Tyler Henry | E!
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: E! Entertainment
"The Vampire Bride" by Henry Thomas Liddell - chilling nosferatu wedding poem
"The Vampire Bride" by Henry Thomas Liddell - chilling nosferatu wedding poem
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Horror Readings by G.M. Danielson
La Historia de Eric Liddell
La Historia de Eric Liddell
Published: 2013/03/22
Channel: Leonardo Calderon
Eric Liddell: Scottish Olympic Champion
Eric Liddell: Scottish Olympic Champion
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: Museum of the Bible
Eric Liddell - Original Footage of his Gold Medal Winning Race
Eric Liddell - Original Footage of his Gold Medal Winning Race
Published: 2009/11/16
Channel: Eric Liddell Centre
Tom Odell - Another Love
Tom Odell - Another Love
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: TomOdellVEVO
@5.CHRISTIAN MISSIONARYS, CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY, MISSIONARY, HENRY ERIC LIDDELL, ERIC LIDDELL, ERIC
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Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: GODLY
Alice
Alice's Adventures Underground FULL AUDIOBOOK ENGLISH
Published: 2018/01/05
Channel: GreatAudioBooks In Public Domain
A Fé corajosa de um Homem para o Mundo Eric Liddell   Versão Estendida
A Fé corajosa de um Homem para o Mundo Eric Liddell Versão Estendida
Published: 2013/04/22
Channel: ceusidney
ALICE
ALICE'S ADVENTURES IN WONDERLAND - FULL AudioBook | by Lewis Carroll - Adventure & Fantasy V2
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: Greatest AudioBooks
How to Pronounce Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart
How to Pronounce Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Dictionary Voice
How to Pronounce S B Henry Liddell Hart
How to Pronounce S B Henry Liddell Hart
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Dictionary Voice
Eric Liddell Biography - Olympic Achiever &  Missionary - Tamil
Eric Liddell Biography - Olympic Achiever & Missionary - Tamil
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: Am Joel
How to Pronounce Sb Henry Liddell Hart
How to Pronounce Sb Henry Liddell Hart
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How to Pronounce S Basil Henry Liddell Hart
How to Pronounce S Basil Henry Liddell Hart
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: Dictionary Voice
Basil Liddell Hart
Basil Liddell Hart
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: WikiTubia
Chapitre 5 : Basil Liddell Hart ou l’humanisme stratégique
Chapitre 5 : Basil Liddell Hart ou l’humanisme stratégique
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: DunodVideos
david attenborough eats a scorpion doco
david attenborough eats a scorpion doco
Published: 2012/07/28
Channel: Henry Liddell
長老教會的演變史英國殖民時期讓中國宗教在地化
長老教會的演變史英國殖民時期讓中國宗教在地化
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Wo Yes
4th July 1862: Charles Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll, first tells the story of Alice in Wonderland
4th July 1862: Charles Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll, first tells the story of Alice in Wonderland
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: HistoryPod
La Leche con Henry Licett en Genetic Majestic Club Guatemala
La Leche con Henry Licett en Genetic Majestic Club Guatemala
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Genetic Majestic Club
Badass Week: The Heroic Death of Chariots of Fire
Badass Week: The Heroic Death of Chariots of Fire's Eric Liddell
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: Today I Found Out
Eric Liddell: O Campeão Olímpico Escocês
Eric Liddell: O Campeão Olímpico Escocês
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Museum of the Bible
How Biblical Greek Study Tools are Made.
How Biblical Greek Study Tools are Made.
Published: 2011/02/28
Channel: VegasKJV
How to Pronounce Eric Liddell
How to Pronounce Eric Liddell
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Dictionary Voice
SpecColl: Reading 18th century manuscripts
SpecColl: Reading 18th century manuscripts
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: Newcastle University Library
Culto de Jovens
Culto de Jovens
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Sergio Miranda
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LR2 launching
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Henry Liddell
The Rather Curious History Of Alice
The Rather Curious History Of Alice
Published: 2014/02/08
Channel: Mark Warner
How to Pronounce Henry B. Blackwell
How to Pronounce Henry B. Blackwell
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Dictionary Voice
Historia De Eric liddell
Historia De Eric liddell
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: Ministerios CREA
How to Pronounce Henry B. Adams
How to Pronounce Henry B. Adams
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Dictionary Voice
How to Pronounce Lid-dell Hart
How to Pronounce Lid-dell Hart
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: Dictionary Voice
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How to Pronounce Henry S Canby
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How to Pronounce Sir Basil Henry
How to Pronounce Sir Basil Henry
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Henry Liddell, in an 1891 portrait by Sir Hubert von Herkomer

Henry George Liddell (/ˈlɪdəl/;[1] 6 February 1811 – 18 January 1898) was dean (1855–91) of Christ Church, Oxford, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University (1870–74), headmaster (1846–55) of Westminster School[2] (where a house is now named after him), author of A History of Rome (1855), and co-author (with Robert Scott) of the monumental work A Greek–English Lexicon,[3] known as "Liddell and Scott", which is still widely used by students of Greek. Lewis Carroll wrote Alice's Adventures in Wonderland for Henry Liddell's daughter Alice.

Biography[edit]

Caricature of Rev. Henry Liddell by 'Ape' from Vanity Fair (1875)

Liddell received his education at Charterhouse and Christ Church, Oxford. He gained a double first degree in 1833, then became a college tutor, and was ordained in 1838.[4]

Liddell was Headmaster of Westminster School from 1846 to 1855. Meanwhile, his life work, the great lexicon (based on the German work of Franz Passow), which he and Robert Scott began as early as 1834, had made good progress, and the first edition of Liddell and Scott's Lexicon appeared in 1843. It immediately became the standard Greek–English dictionary, with the 8th edition published in 1897.[4]

As Headmaster of Westminster Liddell enjoyed a period of great success, followed by trouble due to the outbreak of fever and cholera in the school. In 1855 he accepted the deanery of Christ Church, Oxford. In the same year he brought out his History of Ancient Rome and took a very active part in the first Oxford University Commission. His tall figure, fine presence and aristocratic mien were for many years associated with all that was characteristic of Oxford life. Coming just at the transition period when the "old Christ Church," which Pusey strove so hard to preserve, was inevitably becoming broader and more liberal, it was chiefly due to Liddell that necessary changes were effected with the minimum of friction. In 1859 Liddell welcomed the then Prince of Wales when he matriculated at Christ Church, being the first holder of that title who had matriculated since Henry V.[4] While he was Dean of Christ Church, he arranged for the building of a new choir school and classrooms for the staff and pupils of Christ Church Cathedral School on its present site. Before then the school was housed within Christ Church itself.[citation needed]

In July 1846, Liddell married Miss Lorina Reeve (died 1910), with whom he had several children, including Alice Liddell of Lewis Carroll fame.

In conjunction with Sir Henry Acland, Liddell did much to encourage the study of art at Oxford, and his taste and judgment gained him the admiration and friendship of Ruskin. In 1891, owing to advancing years, he resigned the deanery. The last years of his life were spent at Ascot, where he died on 18 January 1898.[4] Two roads in Ascot, Liddell Way and Carroll Crescent honour the relationship between Henry Liddell and Lewis Carroll.

Anecdotes[edit]

Liddell was an Oxford "character" in later years. He figures in contemporary undergraduate doggerel:[5]

I am the Dean, this Mrs Liddell.
She plays first, I, second fiddle.
She is the Broad,
I am the High –
We are the University.

The Victorian journalist, George W. E. Russell (1853–1919), conveys something of Liddell's image:[6]

The Vice-Chancellor who matriculated me [1872] was the majestic Liddell, who, with his six feet of stately height draped in scarlet, his 'argent aureole' of white hair, and his three silver maces borne before him, always helped me to understand what Sydney Smith meant when he said, of some nonsensical proposition, that no power on earth, save and except the Dean of Christ Church, should induce him to believe it.

Parents and grandparents[edit]

His father was Henry Liddell, Rector of Easington (1787–1872), the younger son of Sir Henry Liddell, 5th Baronet (1749–1791) and the former Elizabeth Steele. His father's elder brother, Sir Thomas Liddell, 6th Baronet (1775–1855), was raised to the Peerage as Baron Ravensworth in 1821.

His mother was the former Charlotte Lyon (1785–1871), a daughter of Thomas Lyon (1741–1796) (who was the youngest son of the 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne) and the former Mary Wren (died 1811).

Marriage and children[edit]

On 2 July 1846, Henry married Lorina Reeve (3 March 1826 – 25 June 1910). They were parents of ten children:

  • Edward Harry Liddell (6 September 1847 – 14 June 1911).
  • Lorina Charlotte Liddell (11 May 1849 – 29 October 1930).
  • James Arthur Charles Liddell (28 December 1850 – 27 November 1853).
  • Alice Pleasance Liddell (4 May 1852 – 16 November 1934), for whom the story of the children's classic Alice's Adventures in Wonderland was originally told.
  • Edith Mary Liddell (Spring, 1854 – 26 June 1876).
  • Rhoda Caroline Anne Liddell (1859 – 19 May 1949); she was invested as an Officer, Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.) in 1920.[7]
  • Albert Edward Arthur Liddell (1863 – 28 May 1863); he died in infancy.[8]
  • Violet Constance Liddell (10 March 1864 – 9 December 1927); she was invested as a Member, Order of the British Empire (M.B.E.) in 1920.[7]
  • Sir Frederick Francis Liddell (7 June 1865 – 19 March 1950): First Parliamentary Counsel and Ecclesiastical Commissioner.
  • Lionel Charles Liddell (22 May 1868 – 21 March 1942); he was British Consul to Lyons and Copenhagen.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ On p. 57, Naiditch quotes "a variant of the Balliol Rhymes (p. 29): 'I am the Dean, and this is Mrs Liddell: / She plays the first, and I the second fiddle.'" Naiditch, P. G. (1993). "On Pronouncing the Names of Certain British Classical Scholars". The Classical Journal. 89 (1): 55–59. 
  2. ^ Henry George Liddell, English Literature, 19th Century, Biographies Archived 8 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Henry Liddell at Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Liddell, Henry George". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 588. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Robin (2008). Lewis Carroll in Numberland: His Fantastical Mathematical Logical Life. UK: Penguin. p. 83. ISBN 978-0141016108. 
  6. ^ Fifteen Chapters of Autobiography. 1914. p. 84. 
  7. ^ a b http://thepeerage.com/p1624.htm
  8. ^ https://www.myheritage.com/names/albert_liddell
  9. ^ http://www.thepeerage.com/p1620.htm

External links[edit]

Media related to Henry George Liddell at Wikimedia Commons

Academic offices
Preceded by
Thomas Gaisford
Dean of Christ Church, Oxford
1855–1891
Succeeded by
Francis Paget
Preceded by
Frances Knyvett Leighton
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
1870–1874
Succeeded by
James Edwards Sewell

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