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Arsenal v Wigan 2006. Last Day of Highbury
Arsenal v Wigan 2006. Last Day of Highbury
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: TheRomfordpele15
ARSENAL THE HIGHBURY YEARS! | Feat Claude & Simon Caney
ARSENAL THE HIGHBURY YEARS! | Feat Claude & Simon Caney
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: ArsenalFanTV
Highbury Stadium 2015
Highbury Stadium 2015
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Gary Fordham
LONDON, ARSENAL
LONDON, ARSENAL'S Football Club at HIGHBURY,, a tour of the OLD stadium
Published: 2012/06/02
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
Final Highbury North London Derby
Final Highbury North London Derby
Published: 2011/11/25
Channel: Daníel Sigrúnarson Hjörvar
Farewell Highbury
Farewell Highbury
Published: 2007/03/21
Channel: onebigarsenalfan
Arsenal Stadium - Dreamspaces - BBC
Arsenal Stadium - Dreamspaces - BBC
Published: 2010/01/29
Channel: BBCWorldwide
The Greatest Arsenal
The Greatest Arsenal's Highbury video ever
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: Tony Wyatt
The Highbury Years (1 of 11)
The Highbury Years (1 of 11)
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Toks
Roy Keane and Patrick Vieira fight in tunnel at Highbury
Roy Keane and Patrick Vieira fight in tunnel at Highbury
Published: 2007/07/03
Channel: Irvine Ferris
This is highbury Biig Rob
This is highbury Biig Rob
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: Kiana MLB
Highbury -- from football icon to apartment complex
Highbury -- from football icon to apartment complex
Published: 2009/09/28
Channel: AFP news agency
Arsenal Highbury stadium Tour - 22 Feb, 2005
Arsenal Highbury stadium Tour - 22 Feb, 2005
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: Jacky To
Arsenal
Arsenal's old stadium (Highbury), remembering the glorious past (LONDON)
Published: 2014/04/16
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
Thierry Henry: The King of Highbury
Thierry Henry: The King of Highbury
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Shayne Fitzgerald
Highbury Closing Ceremony
Highbury Closing Ceremony
Published: 2013/05/17
Channel: richardreid1
The Kings of Highbury Bergkamp & Henry
The Kings of Highbury Bergkamp & Henry
Published: 2011/04/09
Channel: CeriaCo1
Thierry Henry farawell to Highbury
Thierry Henry farawell to Highbury
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: HenryMatchComps
Entering the old West Stand at Arsenal
Entering the old West Stand at Arsenal's Highbury Stadium - Arsenal v Wigan 7 May 2006
Published: 2014/03/09
Channel: Paul Bates
Arsenal v Wigan--Highbury send off
Arsenal v Wigan--Highbury send off
Published: 2010/03/05
Channel: arsenalgoonerable
Leicester City vs Arsenal  0-0 | I Never Left Highbury To Try & Sign Jonny F#ck#ng Evans! (Rant)
Leicester City vs Arsenal 0-0 | I Never Left Highbury To Try & Sign Jonny F#ck#ng Evans! (Rant)
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: ArsenalFanTV
Arsenal were the Highbury Globetrotters!  | Arsenal 6 Lyon 0 | Emirates Cup.
Arsenal were the Highbury Globetrotters! | Arsenal 6 Lyon 0 | Emirates Cup.
Published: 2015/07/25
Channel: ArsenalFanTV
bye bye highbury , highbury bye bye
bye bye highbury , highbury bye bye
Published: 2006/10/16
Channel: atimonkey
Highbury, Palmerston North
Highbury, Palmerston North's toughest neighbourhood, they've found a new way of fighting for change Marae Investigates 5 Dec 2010
Published: 2010/12/05
Channel: maraetv
Arsenal In Training At Highbury (1937)
Arsenal In Training At Highbury (1937)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Disc 1  Jeff Buckley 1994 09 01 London, The Garage, Highbury
Disc 1 Jeff Buckley 1994 09 01 London, The Garage, Highbury
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Jeff Buckley Fan Group
This Girl Can Throw - Jiu Jitsu Women from Highbury Jitsu Club
This Girl Can Throw - Jiu Jitsu Women from Highbury Jitsu Club
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: HighburyJitsu
Wenger: How I felt when leaving Highbury
Wenger: How I felt when leaving Highbury
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: ArsenalTVHD
highbury highs
highbury highs
Published: 2006/05/29
Channel: alowong
20 Weekday Bus Route from Highbury to Mt Victoria (Lookout) Wellington - Timelapse
20 Weekday Bus Route from Highbury to Mt Victoria (Lookout) Wellington - Timelapse
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Shane Webb
Highbury Preparatory School - Knowing Boys
Highbury Preparatory School - Knowing Boys
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: highburyprep
In with the Clock at Highbury
In with the Clock at Highbury
Published: 2006/05/08
Channel: rjb1979
Full Journey on London Overground from Clapham Junction to Highbury & Islington (via Surrey Quays)
Full Journey on London Overground from Clapham Junction to Highbury & Islington (via Surrey Quays)
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Macaron Lover
Last game at Highbury
Last game at Highbury
Published: 2012/04/26
Channel: Matthew
ARSENAL FC (1st Team Squad) 1971 -
ARSENAL FC (1st Team Squad) 1971 - 'The Boys From Highbury' - 45rpm
Published: 2009/05/13
Channel: VinylHell
Highbury - The Old Girl We All Miss So Much
Highbury - The Old Girl We All Miss So Much
Published: 2010/03/07
Channel: WesStanDupper
Highbury Corner Bridge replacement
Highbury Corner Bridge replacement
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Transport for London
ARSENAL FC V NORWICH CITY C - 2-4 - 14TH AUGUST 1992 - HIGHBURY - LONDON
ARSENAL FC V NORWICH CITY C - 2-4 - 14TH AUGUST 1992 - HIGHBURY - LONDON
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: WESTEND126
Wipe Out Waste SA - WOW case study interviews with Highbury Teachers  - 6 min
Wipe Out Waste SA - WOW case study interviews with Highbury Teachers - 6 min
Published: 2015/11/12
Channel: Wipe Out Waste
The Tuesday Club - Highbury didn
The Tuesday Club - Highbury didn't die for this
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: The Tuesday Club Podcast Fan
Highbury Homes        530     19th September 2015
Highbury Homes 530 19th September 2015
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: Ron Reddingius
Highbury Fields parkrun
Highbury Fields parkrun
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: parkrun courses in 5 minutes
Arsenal "Highbury Screamer" is Back!
Arsenal "Highbury Screamer" is Back!
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Simon Relaxing ASMR
3D Trains at Highbury & Islington Station, London
3D Trains at Highbury & Islington Station, London
Published: 2012/03/14
Channel: citytransportinfo
Season 7, Episode 324 - Highbury and Islington
Season 7, Episode 324 - Highbury and Islington
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: IanPooleTrains
Highbury & Islington (The Underground Storyteller extract)
Highbury & Islington (The Underground Storyteller extract)
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Alex Day
Highbury & Islington Station 29/7/15 Series 16 Episode 13
Highbury & Islington Station 29/7/15 Series 16 Episode 13
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: Michael Fleet
Highbury Stadium, Arsenal 1979
Highbury Stadium, Arsenal 1979
Published: 2011/08/31
Channel: footballgroundguide
Highbury screaming woman
Highbury screaming woman
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: Paul P
Arsenal V Newcastle At Highbury (1919)
Arsenal V Newcastle At Highbury (1919)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Highbury
Highbury House.jpg
Highbury House circa 1800
Highbury is located in Greater London
Highbury
Highbury
Highbury shown within Greater London
Population 26,664 (2011 Census. Highbury East and West Wards)[1]
OS grid reference TQ319854
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N5
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°33′07″N 0°05′49″W / 51.552°N 0.097°W / 51.552; -0.097Coordinates: 51°33′07″N 0°05′49″W / 51.552°N 0.097°W / 51.552; -0.097

Highbury is a district in north london in the London Borough of Islington. The area now known as Islington was part of the larger manor of Tolentone, which is mentioned in the Domesday Book. Tolentone was owned by Ranulf brother of Ilger and included all the areas north and east of Canonbury and Holloway Road.

The manor house was situated by what is now the east side of Hornsey Road near the junction with Seven Sisters Road. After the manor decayed, a new manor house was built in 1271 (see below) to the south-east; to differentiate it from the original manor and because it was on a hill, it was called Highbury, from which the area takes its name.

The site for Highbury Manor was possibly used by a Roman garrison as a summer camp. During the construction of a new Highbury House in 1781, tiles were found that could have been Roman or Norman; unfortunately these have been lost.

Highbury Manor[edit]

Ownership of Highbury eventually passed to Alicia de Barrow, who in 1271 gave it to the Priory of St John of Jerusalem, also known as the Knights Hospitallers in England. The wealthy Lord Prior built Highbury manor as a substantial stone country lodging with a grange and barn.

In 1381, during the Peasants' Revolt, Jack Straw led a mob of 20,000 rioters who "so offended by the wealth and haughtiness" of the Knights Hospitallers destroyed the manor house. The Lord Prior at the time, Robert Hales, who had taken refuge in the Tower of London, was captured and beheaded on Tower Hill. Jack Straw and some of his followers used the site as a temporary headquarters; consequently the derelict manor became known for the next 500 years as Jack Straw’s Castle. This should not be confused with the better known Jack Straw’s Castle, formerly a pub and now residential flats at Whitestone Ponds, Hampstead, which was named after the semi-legendary leader of the revolt.

Highbury House[edit]

Highbury Clock is located just north of Highbury Fields, near the junction of Highbury Barn and Highbury Hill. It was presented in 1897 in celebration of the 60th anniversary of the reign of Queen Victoria.

The Manor of Highbury remained the possession of the Knights of St John until it was confiscated by Henry VIII in 1540. The land then stayed as crown property until Parliament began selling it in the 17th century.

John Dawes, a wealthy stockbroker, acquired the site of Jack Straw’s Castle together with 247 acres (1.00 km2) of surrounding land. In 1781 he built Highbury House at a cost of £10,000 on the spot where Highbury Manor had stood. Over the next 30 years the house was extended by new owners, firstly Alexander Aubert and then John Bentley, to include a large observatory and lavish gardens.

The grounds around Highbury House started to be sold off in 1794. By 1894 Highbury House and its remaining grounds became a school. Finally in 1938 Highbury House was demolished and is now the site of Eton House flats (on Leigh Road), built by the Old Etonian Housing Association in 1939.

Highbury Barn[edit]

Highbury Barn, 1819.

After the Manor house had been destroyed in 1381, the grange and barn remained on the east side of the track that ran south to Hopping Lane, now St Paul’s Road, roughly on the line of Highbury Park / Highbury Grove (the A1201). In 1740 a small ale and cake house was opened in the Barn, Highbury.

In 1770 William Willoughby took over Highbury Barn and greatly increased its popularity. He expanded its size and facilities, taking over land and buildings from the farm next door, reaching beyond what is now Kelvin Road and created a bowling green, trap-ball grounds and gardens. It could cater for company dinners of 2,000 people, concerts and dancing and became one of the most popular venues in London.

In 1854 events at the annual balls in the grounds of the Barn included the aeronaut Charles Green's balloon ascent. By 1865 there was a huge dancing platform, a rebuilt theatre, high-wire acts, pantomime, music hall and the original Siamese twins. The Barn became the victim of its own success. After a riot led by students from Bart’s Hospital in 1869, locals complained about the Barn’s increasingly riotous and bawdy clientele. This led to a court case and in 1871 authorities revoked the Barn’s dancing licence.

Residential growth[edit]

By 1794 Highbury consisted of Highbury House and Highbury Hill House, Highbury Barn and the gated terraces of Highbury Terrace and Highbury Place, which had been built on land leased by John Dawes. Highbury may have stayed this way, as the plan was to create a 250 acres (1.0 km2) park – Albert Park – between St Paul's Road/Balls Pond Road and the Seven Sisters Road. Instead a 27.5 acre (111,000 m²) site, which is now Highbury Fields was saved in 1869 and the 115 acre (465,000 m²) Finsbury Park were created. The rest of the area was developed.

The majority of the development of the area occurred in two phases; until the 1870s many large Italianate villas were built, mostly in the southern part of Highbury. After this time, development went high-density with close packed mostly terraced houses being built, mainly in the north of Highbury. Available land continued to be in-filled with more housing until 1918, but little else changed until after World War II.

A need for a place for Catholic residents of Highbury to worship in the 1920s led to the commissioning of St Joan of Arc's church, thought to be the first dedicated to the saint canonised in 1920,[2] on a site on Kelross Road where the church hall is now located.[2] The church was soon expanded, but the influx of Catholic residents after the war led to a need for a new, larger church.[3] The new church, also dedicated to St Joan of Arc, and designed by Stanley Kerr Bate, opened on 23 September 1962 on Highbury Park.[3]

Highbury was bombed during the Blitz and again by V-1 flying bombs. For example, on 27 June 1944, a V-1 destroyed Highbury Corner, killing 26 people and injuring 150. Highbury Corner had an impressive station and hotel; that was damaged in this attack but its main building remained in use until demolished in the 1960s during the building of the Victoria line. The original westbound platform buildings remain on the opposite side of Holloway Road, as does a small part of the original entrance to the left of the present station entrance. A red plaque mounted on a building wall overlooking the roundabout, commemorates this event.

After the Second World War large-scale rebuilding in parts of Highbury replaced bombed buildings and provided new municipal housing. Some villas that had not been modernised were demolished to make way for yet more municipal housing; some buildings had to be listed to protect them. Following the property boom in the early 1980s, there has been some gentrification in the area[4] and the council has begun selling some of the grand villas to private developers who have the finances to restore them, e.g. in 2004 Islington council sold four buildings on Highbury New Park to developers for £1 million each.

The Highbury Community Association (HCA) was formed in 1997. Since then, the HCA has grown to represent residents and businesses in Highbury, Lower Holloway and Finsbury Park. The HCA campaigns on many different aspects of living and working in this area of North Islington in London.

Arsenal Stadium[edit]

The Clock End, Arsenal Stadium in 2005; since demolished.

In 1913 Woolwich Arsenal F.C. moved north to Highbury, dropping Woolwich from its name. Their chairman Sir Henry Norris took a 20-year lease on part of the grounds of St John’s Hall for £20,000. The new Arsenal Stadium (also called Highbury) was built there. St John’s Hall, originally called Highbury College (of Divinity), was built in 1825 on what is now Aubert Park and was a grand ionic-style building, reminiscent of the British Museum. St John’s Hall burnt down in 1946 and was replaced by a block of flats.

The club prospered and by 1925 had purchased the freehold. Arsenal's subsequent success made Highbury well known, albeit initially with depressing effect on nearby housing. In 2006 the club moved to Ashburton Grove on the west side of Drayton Park in Highbury. The old stadium was converted into a luxury housing complex known as Highbury Square, with the two listed main stands being converted into apartments, ensuring their original exteriors remained almost entirely preserved. The unlisted North Bank and Clock End stands have been demolished to make way for entirely new apartment blocks. The pitch has been converted into a garden, with private gym and swimming pool located underneath it. Today, property in the area around the old Highbury stadium is highly sought after, and prices for apartments within the stadium start at £300k.

Highbury in the arts[edit]

For 40 years from 1965, Highbury New Park was home to Wessex Studios. Created by Beatles producer Sir George Martin (who grew up on Drayton Park in Highbury), the studios saw the recording of some of the best-known albums created by bands including Queen, Genesis, the Rolling Stones, the Sex Pistols and the Clash. The building is now a block of residential apartments called "The Recording Studio" and located at 106, Highbury New Park. (Refs: George Martin speaking on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs; The Independent, 3 November 2004; the "Queen – Days of our Lives" documentary screened by BBC4 in April 2012.)

Highbury was also home to Highbury Studios a film/TV/recording studio further along the same street, at 65A Highbury New Park; these studios had a training school next door in a disused church hall. Built initially as a music conservatoire in 1890, the site became a recording studio in 1926 for the Piccadilly label. In 1933, they became the Highbury (film) Studios and in 1945 they were acquired by the Rank Organisation. Due to economic difficulties, Rank closed the studios down and they were demolished in 1960. Athenaeum Court, a block of flats, now occupies the site.

The following books and films feature parts of Highbury:

  • The book A London Family 1870–1900 by Molly Hughes, ISBN 0-19-282896-7. In particular it mentions Highbury New Park.
  • The film Killing Her Softly was partially filmed on Highbury New Park.
  • The film Fever Pitch was filmed around the Arsenal stadium and along Highbury Hill.
  • The film Four Weddings and a Funeral begins with Hugh Grant trying to hail a taxi at Highbury Corner and ends in front of the houses that run along the edge of Highbury Fields.
  • The film The Arsenal Stadium Mystery was filmed in and around the Arsenal stadium.
  • The poem Summoned by Bells by John Betjeman. This verse autobiography mentions Highbury several times, including St Saviours Church on Aberdeen Park, which he used to attend. St Saviours closed in 1980 and is now an art studio.
  • Highbury is where the fictional comedy character Mr. Bean lives.
  • Writer Alan Moore recorded a 'beat seance' in and about Highbury, titled 'The Highbury Working'.
  • In the early 70s a drama was filmed by the BBC called "The House on Highbury Hill".
  • Highbury is mentioned in Vanity Fair, the novel by William Makepeace Thackeray; in chapter 4, the Sedleys are said to be going "to dine with Alderman Balls, at Highbury Barn."
  • The novel Emma by Jane Austen is set in a village called Highbury, though located in Surrey.[relevant? ]
  • Highbury is mentioned in The Fire Sermon, part III of T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land: "Highbury bore me. Richmond and Kew / Undid me."

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census Highbury has a population of 21,959. It is 75% White, 11% Black and 6% Asian. 40% of Highbury's residences are owner-occupied. The area is considered as multi-ethnic part-gentrified.

Geography[edit]

A map showing the Highbury ward of Islington Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

Highbury is situated 4.4 miles north of Charing Cross. Its area is approximately 500 acres (2.0 km2).

Rail and tube stations[edit]

Nearest rail and tube stations:

Nearby places[edit]

Nearby places include:

Famous residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Highbury East and West Wards. Census 2011
  2. ^ a b Marina Warner on Emily Davison (2013-07-04). "Death in Plain Sight". London Review of Books. Retrieved 2016-05-04. 
  3. ^ a b "Roman Catholic Church of St Joan of Arc". Roman Catholic Church of St Joan of Arc. Retrieved 2016-05-04. 
  4. ^ "Highbury onto a winner, Telegraph.co.uk 24 November 2004"

Other references[edit]

External links[edit]

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