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En busca de Machu Picchu (Hiram Bingham)
En busca de Machu Picchu (Hiram Bingham)
Published: 2011/01/20
Channel: altacumbre
Belmond Hiram Bingham "A luxury experience to Machu Picchu" - PeruRail
Belmond Hiram Bingham "A luxury experience to Machu Picchu" - PeruRail
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Peru Rail
Machu Picchu: lujoso tren Hiram Bingham - Parte II
Machu Picchu: lujoso tren Hiram Bingham - Parte II
Published: 2008/10/27
Channel: AATHABASCA
Belmond Hiram Bingham - Tren de lujo a Machu Picchu
Belmond Hiram Bingham - Tren de lujo a Machu Picchu
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: Peru Rail
Hiram Bingham and Machu Picchu (En)
Hiram Bingham and Machu Picchu (En)
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: PeruculturalHD
Hiram Bingham School
Hiram Bingham School
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Hiram Bingham
Hiram Bingham II
Hiram Bingham II
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: WikiWikiup
Time Lapse ride on Hiram Bingham to Machu Picchu
Time Lapse ride on Hiram Bingham to Machu Picchu
Published: 2014/01/18
Channel: MicBergsma
Hiram Bingham III
Hiram Bingham III
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: Audiopedia
Sunday Almanac: Machu Picchu discovery
Sunday Almanac: Machu Picchu discovery
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: CBS
Hiram Bingham Train  to Machu Picchu
Hiram Bingham Train to Machu Picchu
Published: 2011/07/06
Channel: Michael Ellis
Profesora Melissa Balabarca - IE Hiram Bingham
Profesora Melissa Balabarca - IE Hiram Bingham
Published: 2010/09/10
Channel: brujulaverde
HIRAM BINGHAM KERMESSE 2015
HIRAM BINGHAM KERMESSE 2015
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: juan yamamoto
Hiram Bingham regresa a Machu Picchu - 1948
Hiram Bingham regresa a Machu Picchu - 1948
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Archivo peruano de imagen y sonido
Hiram Bingham School, Lima
Hiram Bingham School, Lima
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: Charo Domecq
Coro del colegio Hiram Bingham - I will follow him
Coro del colegio Hiram Bingham - I will follow him
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: mario thorne
Un día como hoy 24/07│Hiram Bingham descubre Machu Picchu
Un día como hoy 24/07│Hiram Bingham descubre Machu Picchu
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: RPPNOTICIAS
Hiram Bingham kermesse 13
Hiram Bingham kermesse 13'
Published: 2013/10/02
Channel: Mali Delgadillo
EFEMÉRIDES. Hace cien años  Hiram Bingham redescubría Machu Pichu
EFEMÉRIDES. Hace cien años Hiram Bingham redescubría Machu Pichu
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: AGENCIA EFE
Prom Hiram Bingham
Prom Hiram Bingham
Published: 2009/10/27
Channel: juancitoespinoza
Hiram Bingham train to Machu Picchu - Raw footage
Hiram Bingham train to Machu Picchu - Raw footage
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Adventures All Around
Coro Hiram Bingham
Coro Hiram Bingham
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: ellerena
Viaje a Punta Cana Colegio Hiram Bingham
Viaje a Punta Cana Colegio Hiram Bingham
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: Enjoy-Travel
Ride Day 52: Cusco, Peru to Machu Picchu with Belmond Hiram Bingham
Ride Day 52: Cusco, Peru to Machu Picchu with Belmond Hiram Bingham
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Solo World Traveler
Hiram Bingham
Hiram Bingham
Published: 2012/05/02
Channel: Jasmine Hairston
Colegio Hiram Bingham Mix Queen 1ra Parte
Colegio Hiram Bingham Mix Queen 1ra Parte
Published: 2012/10/05
Channel: jandy white
Coro del colegio Hiram Bingham Queen mix
Coro del colegio Hiram Bingham Queen mix
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: mario thorne
CANCION IN THE END ALUMNOS DEL HIRAM BINGHAM
CANCION IN THE END ALUMNOS DEL HIRAM BINGHAM
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: guillermo bowden massa
Hiram Bingham School Sports day Churchill parade
Hiram Bingham School Sports day Churchill parade
Published: 2009/08/03
Channel: clovernite
Nëmesis en el Colegio Hiram Bingham (13/06/14)
Nëmesis en el Colegio Hiram Bingham (13/06/14)
Published: 2014/06/21
Channel: Nëmesis
Hiram Bingham 2
Hiram Bingham 2
Published: 2009/04/18
Channel: pichanga2009
This Day In History - 7-24-1911 - American Scientist Hiram Bingham gets first look at Machu Picchu
This Day In History - 7-24-1911 - American Scientist Hiram Bingham gets first look at Machu Picchu
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Mass Tea Party - Wake Up America!
Porcimix en hiram bingham
Porcimix en hiram bingham
Published: 2010/02/08
Channel: Gabriela Mayorga
HIRAM BINGHAM SCHOOL ILO. .
HIRAM BINGHAM SCHOOL ILO. .
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: HIRAM BINGHAM SCHOOL ILO. HIRAM BINGHAM SCHOOL ILO.
COLEGIO HIRAM BINGHAM ILO - REYNADO 2010
COLEGIO HIRAM BINGHAM ILO - REYNADO 2010
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: alex antonio pinto rodriguez
PeruRail “Creating unforgettable journeys”
PeruRail “Creating unforgettable journeys”
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: Peru Rail
Himno del Hiram Bingham
Himno del Hiram Bingham
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: Aaron Aguayo
COLEGIO HIRAM BINGHAM - NIÑOS DE INICIAL
COLEGIO HIRAM BINGHAM - NIÑOS DE INICIAL
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: alex antonio pinto rodriguez
Abner Hale
Abner Hale
Published: 2015/04/16
Channel: DemonLeon
Baile Mix niñas de 4to grado Hiram Bingham
Baile Mix niñas de 4to grado Hiram Bingham
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: rosavelify
Orquesta Generacion Latina - Colegio Hiram Bingham 2016
Orquesta Generacion Latina - Colegio Hiram Bingham 2016
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Orquesta Internacional Generacion Latina
Hiram Bingham - Sabor e Sentimiento
Hiram Bingham - Sabor e Sentimiento
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: Patricia de Camargo - Viagens, arte e rock´n´roll
Kermesse Hiram Bingham 2013
Kermesse Hiram Bingham 2013
Published: 2013/12/13
Channel: rosavelify
Hiram Bingham Bar Car
Hiram Bingham Bar Car
Published: 2011/11/19
Channel: juantana7
Leones HB vs Newton - ADCA medianos, 21/04/2015
Leones HB vs Newton - ADCA medianos, 21/04/2015
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: HB Club elite training
Gran Kermesse HB 2014
Gran Kermesse HB 2014
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: rosavelify
HIRAM BINGHAM 3 GRADO 2015
HIRAM BINGHAM 3 GRADO 2015
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: fernanda toscano
Mix Abba Hiram Bingham 2014
Mix Abba Hiram Bingham 2014
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: jandy white
Hiram Bingham Train hypnotic water in wine glass
Hiram Bingham Train hypnotic water in wine glass
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Adventures All Around
Day 3 Hiram Bingham
Day 3 Hiram Bingham
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Ben Espanto
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Hiram Bingham I
Hiram Bingham I.jpg
Missionary to Hawaii
Born (1789-10-30)October 30, 1789
Bennington, Vermont, USA
Died November 11, 1869(1869-11-11) (aged 80)
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Alma mater Middlebury College
Occupation Missionary, Writer, Translator, Royal Advisor
Known for converting the Kingdom of Hawaii to Christianity and serving as Kawaiahaʻo Church's first pastor
Spouse(s) Sybil Moseley
Naomi E. Morse
Children Hiram Bingham II, and six other
Parent(s) Calvin and Lydia Bingham
Signature
Signature of Hiram Bingham I.svg
Portrait of Hiram and Sybil Moseley Bingham, by Samuel Morse, 1819

Hiram Bingham, formally Hiram Bingham I (October 30, 1789 – November 11, 1869), was leader of the first group of American Protestant missionaries to introduce Christianity to the Hawaiian islands. Like most of the missionaries, he was from New England.

Life[edit]

Bingham was descended from Deacon Thomas Bingham, who immigrated to the American colonies in 1650 and settled in Connecticut. He was born October 30, 1789 in Bennington, Vermont, one of thirteen children of his mother Lydia and father Calvin Bingham.[1] He attended Middlebury College and the Andover Theological Seminary.[2]

After breaking his first engagement, Bingham found a new bride, Sybil Mosley. He needed to be married to be accepted as a missionary. On October 23, 1819 the young couple sailed out of Boston aboard the brig Thaddeus, along with Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, to lead a mission in the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.[3]

Hawaii[edit]

Bingham and his wife arrived first on the Island of Hawaii in 1820, and sailed on to Honolulu on Oahu on April 19. In 1823, Queen Kaʻahumanu and six high chiefs requested baptism. Soon after, the Hawaiian government banned prostitution and drunkenness, which resulted in the shipping industry and the foreign community resenting Bingham's influence.[4] Bingham wrote extensively about the natives and was critical of their land-holding regime and of their "state of civilization." Bingham supported the introduction of market values along with Christianity. Those writings are now used by historians to illustrate the imperial values that were central to the attitudes of the United States towards Hawaii.[5] Bingham was involved in the creation of the spelling system for writing the Hawaiian Language, and also translated some books of the Bible into Hawaiian.[6]

Bingham designed the Kawaiahaʻo Church in Honolulu on the Hawaiian Island of Oʻahu. The church was constructed between 1836 and 1842 in the New England style typical of the Hawaiian missionaries. It is one of the oldest standing Christian places of worship in Hawaiʻi.

Bingham used his influence with Queen Kaʻahumanu to instigate a strongly anti-Catholic policy in Hawaii, considerably impeding the work of the French Catholic missionary Alexis Bachelot and resulting in decades of persecution of Hawaiians who were converted to Catholicism. This was motivated by opposition to the spread of French influence in Hawaii as well as by the religious Protestant-Catholic rivalry and enmity.

Legacy and honors[edit]

  • A math building in Punahou School is named after Bingham.
  • Bingham Tract School was an academically rigorous elementary school named for him that operated on the Bingham lands until the mid-1990s.

Return[edit]

The board grew concerned that Bingham was interfering too often in Hawaiian politics and recalled him. The Binghams left August 3, 1840 and reached New England February 4, 1841.[7] It was intended to be a sabbatical due to Sybil's poor health, but the board refused to reappoint Bingham as a missionary, even after Sybil's death on February 27, 1848. He published a memoir, A Residence of Twenty-One Years in the Sandwich Islands in 1847.[8]

Bingham remained in New England, where he served as the pastor of an African-American church. He remarried to Naomi Morse in 1852, who ran a girls' school. He died November 11, 1869 and was buried at Grove Street Cemetery, in New Haven, Connecticut. Leonard Bacon gave the address at his funeral.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Bingham's son, Hiram Bingham II, was also a missionary to the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. His daughter Lydia married the later Hawaiian missionary Titus Coan.

His grandson Hiram Bingham III was an explorer who brought Machu Picchu to the attention of the west and became a US Senator and Governor of Connecticut.

His great-grandson Hiram Bingham IV was the US Vice Consul in Marseilles, France during World War II who rescued Jews from the Holocaust. Another great-grandson, Jonathan Brewster Bingham, was a long-time Reform Democratic Congressman from The Bronx from the mid-1960s through the early 1980s.

In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Hiram Bingham was named in his honor. It was hull number 1726. Bingham was caricatured as the character Reverend Abner Hale in James Michener's novel Hawaii.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Congregational Necrology". The Congregational quarterly. Volume 13. American Congregational Association. pp. 593–596. 
  2. ^ Sarah Johnson and Eileen Moffett (Spring 2006). "Lord, Send Us: A Kaleidoscope of evangelists". Christian History & Biography. 90: 37–38. 
  3. ^ Lucy Goodale Thurston (1872). Life and Times of Mrs. Lucy G. Thurston: Wife of Rev. Asa Thurston, Pioneer Missionary to the Sandwich Islands. reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2007. ISBN 978-1-4325-4547-5. 
  4. ^ Fortune, Kate. 2000. Hiram Bingham. The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia, ed. by Brij V. Lala and Kate Fortune, p. 188. University of Hawai'i Press
  5. ^ Alfred L. Brophy, How Missionaries Thought: About Property Law, For Instance, Hawaii Law Review (2008) 30: 373-99.
  6. ^ a b David Stowe (1999). "Bingham, Hiram". In Gerald H. Anderson. Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. William B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 63–64. ISBN 978-0-8028-4680-8. 
  7. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1901). Portraits of American Protestant missionaries to Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian gazette co. p. 2. 
  8. ^ Hiram Bingham I (1855) [1848]. A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (Third ed.). H.D. Goodwin. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hiram Bingham I (1988). Char Miller, ed. Selected writings of Hiram Bingham, Missionary to the Hawaiian Islands: To Raise the Lord's Banner. E. Mellen Press, Lewiston, NY. ISBN 978-0-88946-675-3. 
  • Char Miller (1982). Fathers and sons, the Bingham family and the American mission. Temple University Press. ISBN 978-0-87722-248-4. 

External links[edit]

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