Play Video
1
Poorly Attempted HIT and RUN.... Cab Drive Gets Revenge!!!!!  Driver Smashes six Cars
Poorly Attempted HIT and RUN.... Cab Drive Gets Revenge!!!!! Driver Smashes six Cars
::2013/11/01::
Play Video
2
MUST WATCH  Hit and Run, driver in Southall chased and caught in Heston - dash cam footage (18+)
MUST WATCH Hit and Run, driver in Southall chased and caught in Heston - dash cam footage (18+)
::2011/07/02::
Play Video
3
Hit And Run - Official Trailer (HD)
Hit And Run - Official Trailer (HD)
::2012/05/15::
Play Video
4
Breathe Carolina - Hit And Run
Breathe Carolina - Hit And Run
::2012/06/13::
Play Video
5
Attempted hit and run
Attempted hit and run
::2012/06/22::
Play Video
6
Attempted Hit and Run Stopped by Bus Driver
Attempted Hit and Run Stopped by Bus Driver
::2012/04/11::
Play Video
7
Skazi - Hit and Run
Skazi - Hit and Run
::2006/09/13::
Play Video
8
Deadly hit-and-run: Cyclist Eduardo Arguelles hit by truck, sent flying into bed of suspect
Deadly hit-and-run: Cyclist Eduardo Arguelles hit by truck, sent flying into bed of suspect's pickup
::2014/04/23::
Play Video
9
NEW scary car hit and run chase in Russia!!
NEW scary car hit and run chase in Russia!!
::2013/07/06::
Play Video
10
CCTV of driver
CCTV of driver's shocking hit-and-run revenge attack in Manchester
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
11
Los Simpson Hit and Run Parte 2 Nivel 2 (Misiones Bart) Gameplay Español PS2/PC HD Let
Los Simpson Hit and Run Parte 2 Nivel 2 (Misiones Bart) Gameplay Español PS2/PC HD Let's Play
::2014/04/22::
Play Video
12
Why I Have A Dash Cam (Car Accident) Hit And Run + Road Rage
Why I Have A Dash Cam (Car Accident) Hit And Run + Road Rage
::2013/02/16::
Play Video
13
Hit And Run Official Trailer #1 (2012) Bradley Cooper, Kristen Bell Movie HD
Hit And Run Official Trailer #1 (2012) Bradley Cooper, Kristen Bell Movie HD
::2012/05/15::
Play Video
14
Leaving The Scene | Hit and Run #FAIL
Leaving The Scene | Hit and Run #FAIL
::2013/09/23::
Play Video
15
Let
Let's Play The Simpsons: Hit and Run - #1. The Simpsons Go GTA
::2009/09/01::
Play Video
16
HIT AND RUN Trailer 2012 Bradley Cooper, Kristen Bell Movie - Official HD
HIT AND RUN Trailer 2012 Bradley Cooper, Kristen Bell Movie - Official HD
::2012/05/16::
Play Video
17
SIMPSONS: Hit and Run #1 - GTA dos Simpsons!!!
SIMPSONS: Hit and Run #1 - GTA dos Simpsons!!!
::2012/09/28::
Play Video
18
Los Simpson Hit and Run Parte 3 Nivel 3 (Misiones Lisa) Gameplay Español PS2/PC HD Let
Los Simpson Hit and Run Parte 3 Nivel 3 (Misiones Lisa) Gameplay Español PS2/PC HD Let's Play
::2014/04/23::
Play Video
19
Brother of Boxing Prodigy Killed In A Hit and Run In LA Please Help EsNews Boxing
Brother of Boxing Prodigy Killed In A Hit and Run In LA Please Help EsNews Boxing
::2014/04/20::
Play Video
20
Loleatta Holloway - Hit and Run (Walter Gibbons 12" Remix)
Loleatta Holloway - Hit and Run (Walter Gibbons 12" Remix)
::2011/08/17::
Play Video
21
Combating LA
Combating LA's Hit-and-Run Crisis
::2013/08/24::
Play Video
22
Deadly Venice Beach Hit and Run Caught on Tape [VIDEO]
Deadly Venice Beach Hit and Run Caught on Tape [VIDEO]
::2013/08/05::
Play Video
23
Lana Del Rey - Hit and Run Lyrics
Lana Del Rey - Hit and Run Lyrics
::2013/03/09::
Play Video
24
Instalok - Kill And Run (Breathe Carolina - Hit And Run PARODY)
Instalok - Kill And Run (Breathe Carolina - Hit And Run PARODY)
::2013/10/17::
Play Video
25
Hit and run incident leave two children dead
Hit and run incident leave two children dead
::2014/04/20::
Play Video
26
Hit and Run - Bande annonce VF
Hit and Run - Bande annonce VF
::2012/07/31::
Play Video
27
Car runs red light, hits girl on bike, hit and run... Pursuit follows...
Car runs red light, hits girl on bike, hit and run... Pursuit follows...
::2012/02/18::
Play Video
28
Hit and Run
Hit and Run
::2009/06/18::
Play Video
29
CCTV of deadly hit and run in Cardiff
CCTV of deadly hit and run in Cardiff
::2013/06/05::
Play Video
30
Utah Police Chase Cop Car Hit And Run Suspect Crazy Crashes (Dashcam Video 1)
Utah Police Chase Cop Car Hit And Run Suspect Crazy Crashes (Dashcam Video 1)
::2013/04/11::
Play Video
31
Hit and run driver chased down
Hit and run driver chased down
::2012/09/15::
Play Video
32
Breathe Carolina - Hit And Run (Lyric Video)
Breathe Carolina - Hit And Run (Lyric Video)
::2012/05/23::
Play Video
33
Hit and Run DC - Japan Take II
Hit and Run DC - Japan Take II
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
34
9/11/2012 Sarasota, FL Flooding and hit and run crash in the flood
9/11/2012 Sarasota, FL Flooding and hit and run crash in the flood
::2012/09/12::
Play Video
35
Hit and Run 5K™ | Making Grown Ninjas Cry Since 2013
Hit and Run 5K™ | Making Grown Ninjas Cry Since 2013
::2013/08/13::
Play Video
36
Hit and Run (Social Experiment)
Hit and Run (Social Experiment)
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
37
Third Eye Blind - My Hit and Run (Out of the Vein)
Third Eye Blind - My Hit and Run (Out of the Vein)
::2009/08/16::
Play Video
38
Bath Salt Zombie Hit and Run! RAW VIDEO]
Bath Salt Zombie Hit and Run! RAW VIDEO]
::2013/10/22::
Play Video
39
Hit and Run Driver Chased
Hit and Run Driver Chased
::2012/08/16::
Play Video
40
City Car Driving - Hit and Run
City Car Driving - Hit and Run
::2013/12/22::
Play Video
41
GTA 5 Online Multiplayer,Hit and Run Mini-Game,Funny Moments,Pink Eye Conversation
GTA 5 Online Multiplayer,Hit and Run Mini-Game,Funny Moments,Pink Eye Conversation
::2014/03/22::
Play Video
42
barkays hit and run
barkays hit and run
::2011/02/22::
Play Video
43
Macabre hit and run cabdriver Montreal 29-04-12.wmv
Macabre hit and run cabdriver Montreal 29-04-12.wmv
::2012/04/29::
Play Video
44
Lana Del Rey- Hit and Run
Lana Del Rey- Hit and Run
::2013/07/03::
Play Video
45
Descargar Juego De Los Simpson HIT AND RUN Para Pc Full Español
Descargar Juego De Los Simpson HIT AND RUN Para Pc Full Español
::2013/09/09::
Play Video
46
Lets Play The Simpsons - Hit and Run #1: Homer will Cola [DEUTSCH / HD]
Lets Play The Simpsons - Hit and Run #1: Homer will Cola [DEUTSCH / HD]
::2012/02/17::
Play Video
47
Michigan Police Chase Ex-Sheriff Deputy For Hit And Run (Dashcam Video)
Michigan Police Chase Ex-Sheriff Deputy For Hit And Run (Dashcam Video)
::2013/05/11::
Play Video
48
Road Rage: Las Vegas police hunt hit and run driver
Road Rage: Las Vegas police hunt hit and run driver
::2014/02/25::
Play Video
49
PS2 - Simpsons Hit and Run!
PS2 - Simpsons Hit and Run!
::2007/07/17::
Play Video
50
CRAZY HIT AND RUN CAUGHT ON TAPE
CRAZY HIT AND RUN CAUGHT ON TAPE
::2013/11/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hit and run (vehicular))
Jump to: navigation, search

Hit-and-run is the act of causing (or contributing to) a traffic accident (such as colliding with a person or a fixture), and failing to stop and identify oneself afterwards. It is considered a crime in most jurisdictions.

Additional obligation[edit]

In many jurisdictions there may be an additional obligation to exchange information about one's financial responsibility (including any applicable insurance) or to summon emergency services if they are needed. There may also be requirement to leave a note containing pertinent information if the property owner is not present.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Hit-and-run laws arose from the difficulties that early car accident victims faced in identifying perpetrators so that they could be brought to justice. Apart from the obvious ability of an automobile to flee the scene quickly (if still driveable), drivers often wore driving goggles, vehicles at the time did not have license plates, and roads were unpaved and thus quite dusty.[1]

Legal consequences[edit]

Hit-and-run has severe legal consequences[2][dead link] including the suspension or cancellation of one's driver's license (lifetime revocation of a driver's license is possible in certain jurisdictions). It is frequently considered a criminal offense which can be punished by imprisonment. Insurance companies often void the policies of drivers involved in this offense.

Attempts to understand the mental state of the hit and run driver began soon after the offense became codified[3] and more recently has been explored in an article titled "The Psychology of Hit and Run" (2008).[4]

Country-specific penalties[edit]

Germany[edit]

Persons who have caused a traffic accident, or have contributed to it, have the duty to identify themselves to the victims or to other contributors. If the victim is not present (e.g. damage of a parked car) the one who caused the accident has to wait a certain time. If the victim does not appear, he has to report the accident at the next police station without delay. Violation of these rules ("illicit leaving of the scene of an accident") is punishable with prison up to three years or a fine (article 142 of the Strafgesetzbuch).[5]

Different in that it applies to not only to those directly involved in an accident, article 323c states that anyone who fails to provide necessary help in an emergency can be punished with prison up to one year or a fine. This applies only if providing help is a "reasonable burden"—when it can take place "especially without putting yourself in substantial danger or neglecting other important duties". Not being explicitly asked to help is not an acceptable reason not to do so. In a traffic accident for example, the actions expected would be securing the site against follow-up accidents, calling emergency services, and providing first aid to your ability until professional help arrives.

China[edit]

Article 101 of the Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China provides that in a major accident, a hit and run results in revocation of the offender's driving license, and a lifetime ban from obtaining one again.

Article 133 of the Criminal code as of 1997 provides that hit and run after an incident resulting in death, grievous bodily harm or major property damage is punishable with 3 to 7 years' imprisonment, and fixed-term imprisonment of 3 to 7 years if there was an attempt at escaping the scene of accident or is involved in other especially flagrant circumstances, and fixed-term imprisonment of not less than 7 years if the act of attempted escape results in death.[6]

Hong Kong[edit]

Where, owing to the presence of a vehicle on a road, an accident occurs whereby-

(a) personal injury is caused to a person other than the driver of that vehicle; or
(b) damage is caused to-
(i) a vehicle other than that vehicle or a trailer drawn thereby;
(ii) an animal (any horse, cattle, ass, mule, sheep, pig or goat) other than an animal in or on that vehicle or a trailer drawn thereby; or
(iii) any other thing not being in or on that vehicle or a trailer drawn thereby, the driver of that vehicle shall stop. Otherwise, the driver commits an offence and is liable to a fine of 10000 Hong Kong dollars and to imprisonment for 12 months.[7]

Macau[edit]

Abandoning the victim of an accident is criminally imprisoned for up to 3 years or fined.[8]

Taiwan[edit]

Administrative penalties[edit]

Article 62 of the Act Governing the Punishment of Violation of Road traffic Regulations proclaimed on 28 December 2005 and effective on 1 July 2006 provides the following administrative penalties:

Section 1: Without personal injury and death, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are subject to administrative fines of 1000 to 3000 new Taiwan dollars and suspension of their driver licenses for 1 to 3 months.

Section: 4: With minor personal injury, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are subject to revocation of their driver licenses, for 1 year pursuant to Section 3 of Article 67. With serious personal injury or death, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are subject to revocation of their driver licenses, for lifetime pursuant to Section 1 of Article 67, but Article 67-1 allows a possible waiver after serving the revocation for 12 years if the revocation involved personal death, or 10 years if involving serious personal injury.

Criminal penalty[edit]

With personal injury or death, hit-and-run drivers of motor vehicles are also subject to imprisonment of 6 months to 5 years pursuant to Article 185-4 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of China. Hit and Run, although illegal, is seldom prosecuted on Taiwan. Drunk driving has a much more severe penalty so drunk drivers involved in accidents rarely stop to be tested.

Case law[edit]

On 13 September 1991 in the Taiwan Area, the Judicial Yuan of the Republic of China in its Interpretation 284 considered that revoking a driver license for vehicular hit and run involving personal injury or death would not violate the Constitution of the Republic of China.[9]

On 19 October 2001 in the Taiwan Area, the Judicial Yuan of the Republic of China in its Interpretation 531 further considered that lifetime revocation of a driver license for vehicular hit and run involving personal injury or death would not violate the Constitution of the Republic of China. However, this Interpretation also suggested relevant authorities in charge to reconsider the lifetime revocation and consider reinstatement for rehabilitated drivers.[10]

United States[edit]

The penalties (and the definition) of hit-and-run vary from state to state in the United States.[11] For example, in Virginia, the crime is a felony if the accident causes death, injury, or damage to attended property in excess of a certain dollar amount; otherwise, it is a misdemeanor.[12]

In Texas, the crime is a third degree felony if the accident involves a fatality or serious bodily injury. Accidents causing less serious injuries are punishable by imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for not more than five years or confinement in the county jail for not more than one year and/or a fine not to exceed $5,000. Accidents causing $200 or more in total damages without injuries are punishable by a class B misdemeanor, and accidents causing less than $200 in total damages are a class C misdemeanor.[13]

In New York, leaving the "scene of an incident without reporting" it is a traffic infraction, and if personal injury is involved, then it becomes a misdemeanor.[14] There are also significantly higher fines if an animal is injured in the hit and run accident.[15]

Canada[edit]

Hit and run is defined in Canada as Failure to stop at scene of accident under Section 252 of the Criminal Code of Canada and subject to a penalty of 5 years in prison. For a person to be guilty of hit and run in Canada, the prosecution must prove that the accused was aware of the accident, the accused voluntarily failed to stop and render assistance and the intent for failing to stop was to evade civil or criminal liability. While the prosecution bears the traditional criminal burden of beyond a reasonable doubt, the accused is presumed to have intended to evade civil or criminal liability if the prosecution can prove the other elements of the offence. This reverse onus has been held to be a justified limit under section 1 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. If bodily harm or death is caused in the accident and the prosecution can prove that the accused was aware of the bodily harm or death, the maximum penalties are up to 14 years in prison or up to life imprisonment, respectively. If the accused is also convicted of other offences in relation to the accident (e.g. impaired driving or flight from police) then courts will often make the sentence for hit and run consecutive to the penalites for the other offences, the rationale being that hit and run is often committed with the intent of evading criminal or civil liability.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edward C. Fisher, Vehicle Traffic Law (Evanston, IL: Traffic Institute, Northwestern University, 1961): 289.
  2. ^ Hit and Run Consequences, (cal 2010) Hit & run laws and consequences by state.
  3. ^ Selling, Lowell S. (May 1942). "The Feebleminded Motorist" (pdf). The American Journal of Psychiatry 98 (6): 834–838. 
  4. ^ Dalby, J. Thomas; Nesca, Marc (September 2008). "The Psychology of Hit and Run". Law Enforcement Executive Forum 8 (5): 51–56. 
  5. ^ §142 of German Strafgesetzbuch
  6. ^ Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China Article 133
  7. ^ Hong Kong Ordinance Chapter 374, Road Traffic Ordinance, Section 56, Duty to stop in case of accidents
  8. ^ Article 88 of Law No. 3/2007 ((Portuguese) Lei n.º 3/2007; (Chinese) 第3/2007號法律)
  9. ^ Judicial Yuan Interpretation 284 translated by Li-Chih Lin, Esq., J.D.
  10. ^ Judicial Yuan Interpretation 531 translated by Li-Chih Lin, Esq., J.D.
  11. ^ "Leaving the Scene of an Accident/Hit and Run". Findlaw for the Public. 
  12. ^ "Code of Virginia §46.2-894". LIS Code of Virginia Searchable Database. 
  13. ^ "TEXAS TRANSPORTATION CODE CHAPTER 550. ACCIDENTS AND ACCIDENT REPORTS". Texas Constitution and Statutes. 
  14. ^ "N.Y. V..&.T. L. § 600.". New York State Assembly. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 
  15. ^ "N.Y. V..&.T. L. § 601.". New York State Assembly. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014