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hocutt
hocutt
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: snappanzoa1
Triple J Produce, Sims NC Sweet Potatoes
Triple J Produce, Sims NC Sweet Potatoes
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Kristi Hocutt
Brent and Rosa, Sadlack
Brent and Rosa, Sadlack's Open Mic, Mid 90's
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: snappanzoa1
Kristen McMenamy: The Little Mermaid?
Kristen McMenamy: The Little Mermaid?
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: W magazine
The Murder of Samuel Fell Wilson
The Murder of Samuel Fell Wilson
Published: 2009/02/08
Channel: ScottL1982
Anthony and Grace Wilson Wedding video(1)
Anthony and Grace Wilson Wedding video(1)
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Sheryl Hocutt
Tech receiver Austin Zouzalik on familiar ground at Texas State
Tech receiver Austin Zouzalik on familiar ground at Texas State
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: Lubbock Avalanche-Journal - A-J Media
Special Events Jamboree From Bloomsburg Fairgrounds  July 14 -16 1989
Special Events Jamboree From Bloomsburg Fairgrounds July 14 -16 1989
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: dominic hocutt
Anthony and Grace Wilson Wedding video(2)
Anthony and Grace Wilson Wedding video(2)
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Sheryl Hocutt
WildWood NJ 1998 Thunder on the beach
WildWood NJ 1998 Thunder on the beach
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: dominic hocutt
Pocono Speedway 1990
Pocono Speedway 1990
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: dominic hocutt
Sadlack
Sadlack's Open Mic, 1996, John Rea
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: snappanzoa1
David Wilson Makes a Hot dog, 4/20/1990
David Wilson Makes a Hot dog, 4/20/1990
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: snappanzoa1
Bar Routine- Regionals 2016
Bar Routine- Regionals 2016
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: Emily Wilson
Dolores "Gram" Miller
Dolores "Gram" Miller
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Randi Thornton
All World Gridiron Classic - Devon Hocutt
All World Gridiron Classic - Devon Hocutt
Published: 2010/11/17
Channel: NUC Sports
Slipknot 25/06/2001 George, WA - Gorge Amphitheater
Slipknot 25/06/2001 George, WA - Gorge Amphitheater
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: dominic hocutt
Slipknot Live footage USA Boston MA Suffolk Downs WAAF Big Field Day 22 07 2000
Slipknot Live footage USA Boston MA Suffolk Downs WAAF Big Field Day 22 07 2000
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: dominic hocutt
Will the Big Ten Champion Make the CFP?
Will the Big Ten Champion Make the CFP?
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Big Ten Network
KSPR Unsolved Timothy Combs Most Wanted
KSPR Unsolved Timothy Combs Most Wanted
Published: 2009/03/16
Channel: ksprnews
Family Offers $10,000 reward for unsolved murder!!
Family Offers $10,000 reward for unsolved murder!!
Published: 2009/03/07
Channel: Waybodad
East Wake Middle Teachers vs. Students Basketball Game
East Wake Middle Teachers vs. Students Basketball Game
Published: 2010/05/02
Channel: Karina Santibanez
GOD_BLESS_AMERICA.mp4
GOD_BLESS_AMERICA.mp4
Published: 2014/07/11
Channel: 2puton2web
How Will Conference Titles Shape The College Football Playoff?
How Will Conference Titles Shape The College Football Playoff?
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Most Valuable Podcasts
the arkansas reject
the arkansas reject
Published: 2010/06/03
Channel: jennifer hocutt
USC Trojans vs. Penn St 2017 Rose Bowl
USC Trojans vs. Penn St 2017 Rose Bowl
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Adidas Wilson
Spotlight on Excellence: Meet Steve Smith
Spotlight on Excellence: Meet Steve Smith
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: VidantHealth
Missing man--Unsolved mystery
Missing man--Unsolved mystery
Published: 2011/08/08
Channel: seanmclaughlin39
Spotlight on Excellence: Dr. Sri Jasthy - Hematology Oncologist
Spotlight on Excellence: Dr. Sri Jasthy - Hematology Oncologist
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: VidantHealth
Tiger Rock Summit Testing 2016 ECAS
Tiger Rock Summit Testing 2016 ECAS
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Wilson TKD
Fantasy: Start
Fantasy: Start 'em and Sit 'em
Published: 2007/12/19
Channel: CBS
Barry County Sheriff of 20 years announces retirement: Dustin Hodges reports
Barry County Sheriff of 20 years announces retirement: Dustin Hodges reports
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Dustin Hodges
Hurricanes coach Al Golden after Virginia Tech loss
Hurricanes coach Al Golden after Virginia Tech loss
Published: 2013/11/10
Channel: Navarro614
Dodo waddle like a penguin :)
Dodo waddle like a penguin :)
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: Hanaa Ghaly
2012 Football: Texas 52 Texas Tech 20
2012 Football: Texas 52 Texas Tech 20
Published: 2012/03/28
Channel: College Press Box
Devon Brant Highlights
Devon Brant Highlights
Published: 2010/09/15
Channel: 247SportsStudio
Raw video: Paul Dobrowski, Mike Leach
Raw video: Paul Dobrowski, Mike Leach's lead counsel, on Leach's suit against Texas Tech
Published: 2010/01/12
Channel: DailyToreador
Tom Wistrcill - Learfield Sports 1 of 3
Tom Wistrcill - Learfield Sports 1 of 3
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Friedrich - Wakeland High School
Unsolved Murders-Grace Bridges Dedert
Unsolved Murders-Grace Bridges Dedert
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Muriel Bailey
115 Joyce Dr, Middlesex, NC 27557 $1000/mo
115 Joyce Dr, Middlesex, NC 27557 $1000/mo
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Dave Flack
NEW Clayton Park and Ride to Survive Fortify
NEW Clayton Park and Ride to Survive Fortify
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: Town of Clayton, N.C.
Chris Clemons Dunks vs. East Wake
Chris Clemons Dunks vs. East Wake
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Millbrook Basketball
Fourth Degree Testing Birmingham, AL
Fourth Degree Testing Birmingham, AL
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Nic Wilson
Whitefish man tasered, put behind bars after high speed pursuit
Whitefish man tasered, put behind bars after high speed pursuit
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: KPAX-TV
Officer Involved Shooting Redding 03-07-2011
Officer Involved Shooting Redding 03-07-2011
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: ActionNews1224
Mudvayne. Tinley Park, IL, USA Ozzfest 2001
Mudvayne. Tinley Park, IL, USA Ozzfest 2001
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: dominic hocutt
Movie Night at The Jones
Movie Night at The Jones
Published: 2012/07/30
Channel: Texas Tech Red Raiders
Slipknot . 24 07 01   Toronto   Canada   The Docks
Slipknot . 24 07 01 Toronto Canada The Docks
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: dominic hocutt
2015 East Wake High School Winter Drum Line
2015 East Wake High School Winter Drum Line
Published: 2015/03/14
Channel: Dan Wilson
Regionals 2015 Level 8
Regionals 2015 Level 8
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: TheAgFamTube
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Hocutt v. Wilson, N.C. Super. Ct. (1933) (unreported), was the first attempt to desegregate higher education in the United States.[1] It was initiated by two African American lawyers from Durham, North Carolina, Conrad O. Pearson and Cecil McCoy, with the support of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).[2] The case was ultimately dismissed for lack of standing, but it served as a test case for challenging the “separate but equal” doctrine in education and was a precursor to Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) (holding that segregated public schools were unconstitutional).[3]

Background[edit]

Students at the North Carolina College for Negroes, which is now North Carolina Central University in Durham, were plaintiffs in desegregation suits against the all-white University of North Carolina system.[4] North Carolina was an ideal place for civil rights work because Durham had a generally non-violent racial status quo, the state was slightly more progressive than other Deep South states, and it was close to Washington D.C., where Charles Hamilton Houston taught the most prominent civil rights lawyers.[5] The plaintiff was Thomas Hocutt, a 24 year old student at the North Carolina College for Negroes who in March 1933 sought admission to the pharmacy school at the University of North Carolina.[6][7] Conrad Odell Pearson and Cecil McCoy brought the case in February 1933.[8]

Pearson graduated from Howard University’s law school under Charles Hamilton Houston and began practicing in Durham in 1932. McCoy graduated from Brooklyn Law School in 1931 and also practiced in Durham.[9] Initially, Pearson and McCoy wrote to NAACP General Secretary Walter Francis White for financial support. White ratified the case and sent a copy of the Margold Report[10] on discrimination in public schools to support the attorneys.[9] The NAACP also sent Harvard-educated William Hastie to assist Pearson and McCoy on the case.[11] At the trial, Hastie became the lead lawyer.

The suit did not have the support of many black leaders in Durham. But it was supported by Louis Austin the editor of the major black owned newspaper, The Caronina Times. The white newspaper, Durham Morning Herald]] warned, “[t]o our way of thinking, [Pearson and McCoy] will find in the end that they have won not a victory but a costly defeat.”[12] Additionally, James E. Shepard, president and founder of North Carolina College for Negroes (now North Carolina Central University) did not support the lawsuit, because he wanted the state to fund graduate programs for black students at his university. Shepard refused to release Hocutt’s transcript.[13]

When Hastie, Pearson and McCoy failed to present an official transcript, Hocutt no longer satisfied the admission requirements for the Pharmacy School and the case was dismissed.[14] Despite defeat, the Hocutt case laid the groundwork for subsequent civil rights cases that challenged racial segregation in public education, leading to the landmark Brown v. Board of Education (1954) decision, which ruled that racially segregated public schools were unconstitutional.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brown v. Board at Fifty: "With an Even Hand": A Century of Racial Segregation". Library of Congress. 1849–1950. Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  2. ^ The Center For Urban Affairs, North Carolina State University, Paths Toward Freedom: A Bibliographical History of Blacks and Indians in North Carolina by Blacks and Indians 172 (1976).
  3. ^ See, Durham Civil Rights Leader and Lawyer, Pearson, Dies, Durham Morning Herald, June 27, 1984, at 1A.
  4. ^ Samuel R. Diamont, Local Civil Rights Litigators: Durham’s African American Attorneys 1933-1954, 21 (2008) (published Ph.D. dissertation, North Carolina Central University) (on file with North Carolina Central University Archives Department).
  5. ^ Id. at 31.
  6. ^ Id. at 30.
  7. ^ Jerry Gershenhorn (July 2001). Hocutt v. Wilson and Race Relations in Durham, North Carolina, during the 1930s. State Archives of North Carolina. JSTOR 23522330. 
  8. ^ University of North Carolina, Documenting the American South, Oral History Interview with Conrad Odell Pearson, April 18, 1979. Interview H-0218. Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007), http://docsouth.unc.edu/sohp/H-0218/menu.html.
  9. ^ a b Diamont, supra note 4, at 30.
  10. ^ Nathan R. Margold, Preliminary Report to the Joint Committee Supervising the Expenditure of the 1930 Appropriation by the American Fund for Public Service (1931).
  11. ^ Id. at 32.
  12. ^ Leslie Brown, Upbuilding Black Durham: Gender, Class, and Black Community Development in the Jim Crow South 310 (2008) (quoting Editorial, Durham Morning Herald, Feb. 1933, at 21, 24.
  13. ^ "Brown v. Board at Fifty: "With an Even Hand"". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2015-09-11. 
  14. ^ Id. at 33.

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