Play Video
1
Malharrao Holkar
Malharrao Holkar's Fight Against East India Company 1
::2010/06/24::
Play Video
2
Subhedar Malharrao Holkar Powada Upload By Rajmata Ahilya Yuva Pratishthan,Maharashtra.
Subhedar Malharrao Holkar Powada Upload By Rajmata Ahilya Yuva Pratishthan,Maharashtra.
::2014/03/16::
Play Video
3
Third Eye   Yashwant Rao Holkar Rebirth as Arab Sheikh
Third Eye Yashwant Rao Holkar Rebirth as Arab Sheikh
::2011/06/29::
Play Video
4
Kille Maheshwar(Fort of Ahilyadevi Holkar) Upload by Rajmata Ahilya Yuva Pratishthan Maharashtra.
Kille Maheshwar(Fort of Ahilyadevi Holkar) Upload by Rajmata Ahilya Yuva Pratishthan Maharashtra.
::2014/04/06::
Play Video
5
shree malharrao holkar powada
shree malharrao holkar powada
::2013/05/13::
Play Video
6
Zee24Taas : Holkar gharanyachi history in Madhya Pradesh
Zee24Taas : Holkar gharanyachi history in Madhya Pradesh
::2013/11/22::
Play Video
7
Dr. SL Gerg, Holkar science college, Newsmakars @ DIGI NEWS, Indore
Dr. SL Gerg, Holkar science college, Newsmakars @ DIGI NEWS, Indore
::2012/10/17::
Play Video
8
chat corner with dada holkar - milind shinde part 2
chat corner with dada holkar - milind shinde part 2
::2013/04/27::
Play Video
9
Mata jagran by jaya holkar
Mata jagran by jaya holkar
::2013/09/27::
Play Video
10
Malharrao Holkar
Malharrao Holkar's Fight Against East India Company 2
::2010/06/24::
Play Video
11
chat corner with dada holkar- milind shinde part 1
chat corner with dada holkar- milind shinde part 1
::2013/04/27::
Play Video
12
Places Of Indore - Rajwada Holkar Palace
Places Of Indore - Rajwada Holkar Palace
::2014/07/18::
Play Video
13
SUNIL HOLKAR in HASYA SAMRAT... ZEE MARATHI
SUNIL HOLKAR in HASYA SAMRAT... ZEE MARATHI
::2012/12/06::
Play Video
14
Rajmata Ahilyadevi Holkar 2014 Upload By RAYPM.
Rajmata Ahilyadevi Holkar 2014 Upload By RAYPM.
::2014/06/21::
Play Video
15
HOLKAR SCIENCE COLLEGE (GARBA UTASAV)
HOLKAR SCIENCE COLLEGE (GARBA UTASAV)
::2011/11/10::
Play Video
16
Master Holkar Low Res 3
Master Holkar Low Res 3
::2014/07/14::
Play Video
17
Chandu Hajare Speech  Ahilyabai Holkar
Chandu Hajare Speech Ahilyabai Holkar
::2012/04/28::
Play Video
18
Short Film : E Handling by Vishal Holkar
Short Film : E Handling by Vishal Holkar
::2013/08/09::
Play Video
19
Amos Tiwade  and Chandrakant Holkar
Amos Tiwade and Chandrakant Holkar
::2010/05/29::
Play Video
20
ByeCycle by Vishal Holkar
ByeCycle by Vishal Holkar
::2013/12/03::
Play Video
21
SUNIL HOLKAR as a ANCHOR...
SUNIL HOLKAR as a ANCHOR...
::2013/03/31::
Play Video
22
Holkar Bridge, Pune a connecting flyover over BEG Road.
Holkar Bridge, Pune a connecting flyover over BEG Road.
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
23
In the land of Ahilya Bai Holkar, Muslims celebrate Nag Panchami (Aired March 2004)
In the land of Ahilya Bai Holkar, Muslims celebrate Nag Panchami (Aired March 2004)
::2013/07/18::
Play Video
24
F04.mp4 jaya holkar by shiv bhajan
F04.mp4 jaya holkar by shiv bhajan
::2012/04/16::
Play Video
25
Heramb Ganesh Temple in Nandurbar built by Ahilyabai Holkar-TV9
Heramb Ganesh Temple in Nandurbar built by Ahilyabai Holkar-TV9
::2012/09/05::
Play Video
26
Holkar....
Holkar....
::2013/04/23::
Play Video
27
Raj Thackeray Latest_ 2014 Vidhansabha Election Campaign by Vishal Holkar
Raj Thackeray Latest_ 2014 Vidhansabha Election Campaign by Vishal Holkar
::2014/09/27::
Play Video
28
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar award with Shraddhey Dr. Pranav Pandya | Indore @ 11th Jan 2010
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar award with Shraddhey Dr. Pranav Pandya | Indore @ 11th Jan 2010
::2014/06/13::
Play Video
29
SUNIL HOLKAR performance
SUNIL HOLKAR performance
::2012/12/06::
Play Video
30
Mumbai Nitin Gadkari On Ahilaiya Bai Holkar
Mumbai Nitin Gadkari On Ahilaiya Bai Holkar
::2014/08/03::
Play Video
31
Holkar Video Low Res
Holkar Video Low Res
::2014/07/21::
Play Video
32
Plan Landing at Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport Indore....
Plan Landing at Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport Indore....
::2014/07/30::
Play Video
33
Places Of Maheshwar - Holkar Fort
Places Of Maheshwar - Holkar Fort
::2014/07/18::
Play Video
34
Sakshi Holkar 1
Sakshi Holkar 1
::2012/12/14::
Play Video
35
Holkar Science College (2009-11)..PAL..by RITURAJ (memories with friends)
Holkar Science College (2009-11)..PAL..by RITURAJ (memories with friends)
::2011/04/25::
Play Video
36
Jet Airways touch down at Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport, Indore
Jet Airways touch down at Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport, Indore
::2012/08/19::
Play Video
37
Ahilyabai Holkar award
Ahilyabai Holkar award
::2010/06/04::
Play Video
38
THE GEOLOGISTS  , Dept. Of Geology, Govt. Holkar Science Indore
THE GEOLOGISTS , Dept. Of Geology, Govt. Holkar Science Indore
::2014/05/19::
Play Video
39
Nashik : Changdevrao Holkar ex NAFED chairman speaking on governments decision regarding onion & pot
Nashik : Changdevrao Holkar ex NAFED chairman speaking on governments decision regarding onion & pot
::2014/07/02::
Play Video
40
akshar ganesha kalakrti live art in front of celebrety . At sunil holkar home
akshar ganesha kalakrti live art in front of celebrety . At sunil holkar home
::2013/04/12::
Play Video
41
Ahilyabai Holkar Chowk, Kupwad Road, Sangli
Ahilyabai Holkar Chowk, Kupwad Road, Sangli
::2014/07/05::
Play Video
42
Darde dil by Mausam Kumravat- Holkar Colg., Indore
Darde dil by Mausam Kumravat- Holkar Colg., Indore
::2013/03/20::
Play Video
43
Super Zoom Canon Power shot SX50-Usha Raje Holkar Stadium Indore
Super Zoom Canon Power shot SX50-Usha Raje Holkar Stadium Indore
::2013/10/07::
Play Video
44
Isaac Holkar ~ Artist of Miraj
Isaac Holkar ~ Artist of Miraj
::2011/02/12::
Play Video
45
LOK MATA       DEVI AHILYA BAI           HOLKAR
LOK MATA DEVI AHILYA BAI HOLKAR
::2012/05/27::
Play Video
46
holkar science college fun day
holkar science college fun day
::2011/07/02::
Play Video
47
Vox Populi! - Holkar
Vox Populi! - Holkar
::2011/08/03::
Play Video
48
SUNIL HOLKAR.... in marathi movie ANKGANIT ANANDACHE..
SUNIL HOLKAR.... in marathi movie ANKGANIT ANANDACHE..
::2012/12/06::
Play Video
49
Sakshi Holkar, Indore
Sakshi Holkar, Indore
::2012/09/30::
Play Video
50
Nashik: Changdevrao Holkar on Onion rate
Nashik: Changdevrao Holkar on Onion rate
::2014/06/19::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the dynasty. For the princely state during the British Raj, see Indore State.
Holkar Maharaja of Indore
Former Monarchy
Holkar Maharaja of Indore.jpg
Coat of arms of Indore State
Indore Rajwada.jpg
The Rajwada, royal palace of the Holkar dynasty, Indore.
First monarch Malhar Rao Holkar I
Last monarch Yashwantrao Holkar II
Official residence Rajwada, Indore
Monarchy began 1731
Monarchy ended 1948

The Holkar dynasty ruled as Maratha [1][2][3]Rajas and later Maharajas of Indore in Central India as an independent member of the Maratha Empire until 1818, and afterwards as a princely state under the protectorate of British India. The dynasty was founded with Malhar Rao, who joined the service of the Peshwas of the Maratha Empire in 1721, and quickly rose to the ranks of Subedar. The name of the dynasty was associated with the title of the ruler, who was known informally as Holkar Maharaja.

Under British rule, the Holkar Maharaja was saluted with a 19-gun salute (21 guns locally). The Princely State of Indore acceded to the newly founded Indian government on 16 June 1948.

Establishment of Holkar rule[edit]

Fort Ahilya in Maheshwar
A Statue of Ahilyabai Holkar at Datta Temple

Malhar Rao Holkar (1694-1766) established the dynasty's rule over Indore. In the 1720s, he led Maratha armies in Malwa region, and in 1733 was granted 9 parghanas in the vicinity of Indore by the Peshwa. The township of Indore had already existed as an independent principality established by Nandlal Mandloi of Kampel, sanctioned by a Mughal Imperial order, dated 3 March 1716.[citation needed] Nandlal Mandloi granted the Maratha force access and allowed them to camp across the Khan (Kanh) River. In 1734, Malhar Rao established a camp later called Malharganj. In 1747, he started the construction of his royal palace, the Rajwada. By the time of his death, he ruled much of Malwa, and was acknowledged as one of the five virtually independent rulers of the Maratha Confederacy.

He was succeeded by Ahilyabai Holkar (r. 1767–1795), his daughter-in-law. She was born in the Chaundi village in Maharashtra. She moved the capital to Maheshwar, south of Indore on the Narmada River. Rani Ahilyabai was a prolific builder and patron of Hindu temples in Maheshwar and Indore. She also built temples at sacred sites outside her kingdom, from Dwarka in Gujarat east to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple at Varanasi on the Ganges.

The adopted son of Malhar Rao Haolkar, Tukoji Rao Holkar (r. 1795-1797) briefly succeeded Rani Ahilyabai upon her death. Tukoji Rao had been a commander under Ahilyabai for her entire rule.

The Indore settlement was occupied by the Mandloi family for half a century by the time the House of Holkar settled in Indore in 1818.

Extending the Holkar dominion[edit]

Yashwantrao Holkar, the greatest Maharaja of Holkar

His son Yashwantrao Holkar (r. 1797–1811) (also called as Jaswant Rao) succeeded him upon his death. He tried to free the Delhi Mughal Emperor Shah Alam from the British in the unsuccessful Second Anglo-Maratha War. The grateful Shah Alam gave him the title of Maharajadiraj Rajrajeshwar Alija Bahadur in honor of his bravery.

Tookajee Rao Holkar II, Indore, from a drawing by Mr. W. Carpenter, Jun.," from the Illustrated London News, 1857

Attempts by Yashwantrao Holkar to unite the kings failed, and he was approached to sign a peace treaty with the British. The Treaty of Rajghat, signed late December 1805, recognised him as a sovereign king and returned all his territories, including Jaipur, Udaipur, Kota, Bundi, and some Rajput lands from other kings.

Battle of Mahidpur[edit]

Tukojirao Holkar III Maharaja Holkar of Indore

In 1811, the four-year-old Maharaja Malharrao Holkar II succeeded Yashwantrao Holkar. His mother, Maharani Tulsabai Holkar, looked after the administration. However, with the help of Pathans, Pindaris, and the British, Dharama Kunwar and Balaram Seth plotted to imprison Tulsabai and Malharrao.[citation needed] When Tulsabai learnt about this, she beheaded both of them in 1815 and appointed Tantia Jog. As a result, Gaffur Khan Pindari secretly signed a treaty with the British on 9 November 1817 and killed Tulsabai on 19 December 1817.

The British, led by Sir Thomas Hislop, attacked on 20 December 1817. In the Battle of Mahidpur, the British defeated the army led by 11 year-old Maharaja Malharrao Holhar III and his 20-year-old generals, Harirao Holkar and Bhimabai Holkar. At the deciding moment Nawab Abdul Gaffur Khan betrayed the Holkars and left the battlefield along with his army. In return, the British gave the Jahagir of Jawara to Gaffur Khan.

The treaty was signed on 6 January 1818 at Mandsaur. Bhimabai Holkar did not accept the treaty, and kept attacking the British by guerilla methods. Rani Lakshmibai of Jhanshi took inspiration from Bhimabai Holkar and also fought against the British. At the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the Holkars lost much of their territory to the British and were incorporated into the British Raj as a princely state of the Central India Agency. The capital was shifted from Bhanpura to Indore.

Princely State[edit]

Main article: Indore State
A silver rupee of Shivajirao Holkar 1886-1903, minted at Indore in Vikram Samvat 1948 (1891)
Yashwantrao Holkar II, the last ruling Maharaja Holkar

Malharrao Holkar III entered Indore on 2 November 1818. Tantia Jog was appointed his Diwan as he was a minor. As the old palace was destroyed by the army of Daulat Rao Scindia, a new palace was constructed in its place. Malharrao III was succeeded by Martandrao Holkar, who formally ascended to the throne on 17 January 1834. But he was replaced by Harirao Holkar, nephew of Yashwantrao, who ascended to the throne on 17 April 1834. He adopted Khanderao Holkar on 2 July 1841 and died on 24 October 1843. Khanderao was formally installed as the ruler on 13 November 1843, but he suddenly died on 17 February 1844. Tukojirao Holkar II (1835–1886) was installed on the throne on 27 June 1844. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he was loyal to the British East India Company. In October 1872, he appointed T. Madhava Rao as the Diwan of Indore. He died on 17 June 1886 and succeeded by his eldest son, Shivajirao.

Yashwantrao Holkar II (reigned 1926–1948) ruled Indore state until shortly after India's independence in 1947, when he acceded to the Indian Government. Indore became a district of Madhya Bharat state, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh state in 1956.

Holkar Maharajas of Indore[edit]

  1. Malhar Rao Holkar I (r. 2 November 1731 – 20 May 1766). Born 16 March 1693, died 20 May 1766
  2. Male Rao Holkar (r. 23 August 1766 – 5 April 1767). Born 1745, died 5 April 1767
  3. Ahilya Bai Holkar (first as a regent on 26 May 1766) (r. 27 March 1767 – 13 August 1795). Born 1725, died 13 August 1795
  4. Tukoji Rao Holkar I (r. 13 August 1795 – 29 January 1797). Born 1723, died 15 August 1797
  5. Kashi Rao Holkar (r. 29 January 1797 - January 1799) Born before 1776, died 1808
  6. Khande Rao Holkar (r. January 1799 - 22 February 1807) Born in 1798, died 1807
  7. Yashwant Rao Holkar I (first as a regent from 1799) (r. 1807 - 27 October 1811). Born 1776, died 27 October 1811
  8. Malhar Rao Holkar II (r. 27 October 1811 – 27 October 1833) Born 1806, died 27 October 1833
  9. Marthand Rao Holkar (r. 17 January 1833 – 2 February 1834). Born 1830, died 2 June 1849
  10. Hari Rao Holkar (r. 17 April 1834 – 24 October 1843). Born 1795, died 24 October 1843
  11. Khande Rao Holkar II (r. 13 November 1843 – 17 February 1844). Born 1828, died 17 March 1844
  12. Tukoji Rao Holkar II (r. 27 June 1844 – 17 June 1886). Born 3 May 1835, died 17 June 1886
  13. Shivaji Rao Holkar (r. 17 June 1886 – 31 January 1903). Born 11 November 1859, died 13 October 1908
  14. Tukoji Rao Holkar III (r. 31 January 1903 – 26 February 1926). Born 26 November 1890, died 21 May 1978
  15. Yashwant Rao Holkar II (r. 26 February 1926 - 1948). Born 6 September 1908, died 5 December 1961

On 22 April 1948 the Maharaja of Indore signed a covenant with the rulers of the adjoining princely states to form a new state known as Madhya Bharat. Madhya Bharat was created on 28 May 1948. On 16 June 1948, the princely state of Indore, which the House of Holkar ruled, merged with the newly independent Indian states.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014