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The Malhaar Rao Holkar | धनगर फस्ट किंगमेकर होळकर |
The Malhaar Rao Holkar | धनगर फस्ट किंगमेकर होळकर |
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: मोहन ज्ञानदेव टुले
Royal Wedding: Yashwant Rao Holkar, Nairika Godrej Get Married At The Maheshwar Fort
Royal Wedding: Yashwant Rao Holkar, Nairika Godrej Get Married At The Maheshwar Fort
Published: 2015/12/31
Channel: Tez News
PesHwa in AnGer DecLares the Scindia & HoLKaR - Traitors
PesHwa in AnGer DecLares the Scindia & HoLKaR - Traitors
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
Ahilya Bai Holkar
Ahilya Bai Holkar
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: NCERT OFFICIAL
Maheshwar
Maheshwar's Holkar palace decked up for Tuesday's wedding
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: NYOOOZ TV
भाजपा सांसद ने किया अहिल्याबाई होल्कर का अपमान/BJP MP HUMILIATED AHILYABAI HOLKAR
भाजपा सांसद ने किया अहिल्याबाई होल्कर का अपमान/BJP MP HUMILIATED AHILYABAI HOLKAR
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: National Dastak
Zee24Taas : Holkar gharanyachi history in Madhya Pradesh
Zee24Taas : Holkar gharanyachi history in Madhya Pradesh
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: ZEE 24 TAAS
Maharaja Yashwantrav Holkar Chatri Bhanpura
Maharaja Yashwantrav Holkar Chatri Bhanpura
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: नि३ Vश्वकर्मा
Yashwantrao Holkar Top # 20 Facts
Yashwantrao Holkar Top # 20 Facts
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Bhargav Pankaj
Royal Celebration of Ahilyabai Holkar
Royal Celebration of Ahilyabai Holkar 's Son Yashwantrao Holkar Marriage at Khargone
Published: 2015/12/31
Channel: Hulchul TV
अमोल पांढरे प्रस्तुत करत आहेत..... MAHARAJA YASHWANTRAO HOLKAR POWADA PART - 1
अमोल पांढरे प्रस्तुत करत आहेत..... MAHARAJA YASHWANTRAO HOLKAR POWADA PART - 1
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Amol Pandhare
Rajwada Holkar Palace,Indore
Rajwada Holkar Palace,Indore
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: Around India
Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar
Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Vitthal Lohakare
Ahilyabai Holkar Story
Ahilyabai Holkar Story
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: kapil patidar
Malharrao Holkar
Malharrao Holkar's Fight Against East India Company 1
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: Darshan Shinde
MaLHaR Rao HoLKaR WARN ! ! ! RaGHuNaTH Rao
MaLHaR Rao HoLKaR WARN ! ! ! RaGHuNaTH Rao
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
MaLHar Rao HoLKar Met NaZEEB KHan to Let MaraTHa Women Escape SafeLy
MaLHar Rao HoLKar Met NaZEEB KHan to Let MaraTHa Women Escape SafeLy
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
Awaaz - Ahilyabai Holkar | Urmila Kothare As Ahilyabai | Colors Marathi Show
Awaaz - Ahilyabai Holkar | Urmila Kothare As Ahilyabai | Colors Marathi Show
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Rajshri Marathi
Greatness of Devi Ahilyabai Holkar
Greatness of Devi Ahilyabai Holkar
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Nitin Shukla
ahilyabai holkar
ahilyabai holkar
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Dnyaneshwar Lahade
D4ALL2014 – Session 30 : Yeshwant Holkar & Benjamin Musgrave, UMOJA
D4ALL2014 – Session 30 : Yeshwant Holkar & Benjamin Musgrave, UMOJA
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: Kéroul
MaLHar Rao HoLKaR Leave the BattleField to Escort the MaraTHa Women
MaLHar Rao HoLKaR Leave the BattleField to Escort the MaraTHa Women
Published: 2016/02/07
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
अहिल्यादेवी होळकर जयंती उत्सव dj remix. Ahilyadevi holkar jayanti Song
अहिल्यादेवी होळकर जयंती उत्सव dj remix. Ahilyadevi holkar jayanti Song
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: shiv creations
Indore Holkar estate Ganesh Sthapna
Indore Holkar estate Ganesh Sthapna
Published: 2014/09/04
Channel: umesh s Choudhary
Shri Gangadhar Banbare on Ahilyabai Holkar Part 2
Shri Gangadhar Banbare on Ahilyabai Holkar Part 2
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: Maratha Seva Sangh
Rajeev Satav - Question regarding Ahilyabai Holkar statue to be installed in Parliament Campus
Rajeev Satav - Question regarding Ahilyabai Holkar statue to be installed in Parliament Campus
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: Rajeev Satav
MaLHaR Rao HoLKaR DieD
MaLHaR Rao HoLKaR DieD
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
Rang Mahal (Holkar wada) - Chandvad....Nashik
Rang Mahal (Holkar wada) - Chandvad....Nashik
Published: 2011/10/08
Channel: prakash manjrekar
Ahilyabai Holkar HD Promo
Ahilyabai Holkar HD Promo
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Mahesh Kothare
MaHadJi Scindia Announced DeaTH PenaLty to TukoJi Rao HoLKaR
MaHadJi Scindia Announced DeaTH PenaLty to TukoJi Rao HoLKaR
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
Yashwant Rao Holkar & Nyrika Godrej Wedding | Full Highlights
Yashwant Rao Holkar & Nyrika Godrej Wedding | Full Highlights
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Dainik Bhaskar
MaLHaR Rao HoLKaR Escorted the MaraTHa Women SafeLy Out of the BattleField
MaLHaR Rao HoLKaR Escorted the MaraTHa Women SafeLy Out of the BattleField
Published: 2016/02/07
Channel: Best NationaList Videos 3
In the land of Ahilya Bai Holkar, Muslims celebrate Nag Panchami (Aired March 2004)
In the land of Ahilya Bai Holkar, Muslims celebrate Nag Panchami (Aired March 2004)
Published: 2013/07/18
Channel: NDTV India
Awaaj Marathi Show: Urmila Kothare talks on Ahilyabai Holkar Serial-TV9
Awaaj Marathi Show: Urmila Kothare talks on Ahilyabai Holkar Serial-TV9
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Tv9 Marathi
Third Eye   Yashwant Rao Holkar Rebirth as Arab Sheikh
Third Eye Yashwant Rao Holkar Rebirth as Arab Sheikh
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: baghel10
Ahilyabai holkar yatra(Pune)
Ahilyabai holkar yatra(Pune)
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: siddhantgole1234
Ahilyadevi Holkar Song
Ahilyadevi Holkar Song
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Samadhan Khandekar
Baghel samaj ki reli (holkar sena gwalior)
Baghel samaj ki reli (holkar sena gwalior)
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: suraj pal
Malhar Rao Holkar
Malhar Rao Holkar
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: WikiWikiup
Dhangar samaj protest to rename Solapur University after Late Ahilyabai Holkar
Dhangar samaj protest to rename Solapur University after Late Ahilyabai Holkar
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Jai Maharashtra News
Panchkuian Road Delhi Will Be Known As Ahilya Bai Holkar Marg
Panchkuian Road Delhi Will Be Known As Ahilya Bai Holkar Marg
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Dilli Aajtak
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport - Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport - Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Punyashlok Ahilyadevi Holkar Talab...Ellora, MAHARASTRA
Punyashlok Ahilyadevi Holkar Talab...Ellora, MAHARASTRA
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: prakash manjrekar
Ahilyadevi Holkar yanche vichar
Ahilyadevi Holkar yanche vichar
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Sagar Saste
Ahilya devi holkar  pratisthan dilog song solapur{vinchur}
Ahilya devi holkar pratisthan dilog song solapur{vinchur}
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: ROYAL S Raj
ahilyai  holkar,shingroba dhangar  by avinash dhaygude
ahilyai holkar,shingroba dhangar by avinash dhaygude
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: avinash dhaygude
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar award with Shraddhey Dr. Pranav Pandya | Indore @ 11th Jan 2010
Devi Ahilyabai Holkar award with Shraddhey Dr. Pranav Pandya | Indore @ 11th Jan 2010
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: shantikunjvideo
Tha great holkar dance depale ji
Tha great holkar dance depale ji
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Krishna Depale
THE GEOLOGISTS  , Dept. Of Geology, Govt. Holkar Science Indore
THE GEOLOGISTS , Dept. Of Geology, Govt. Holkar Science Indore
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: Dheeraj Kanungo
Ahilya devi holkar group song
Ahilya devi holkar group song
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: ROYAL S Raj
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Holkar Maharaja of Indore
Holkar Maharaja of Indore.jpg
Coat of arms of Indore State
Indore Rajwada.jpg
The Rajwada, royal palace of the Holkar dynasty, Indore.
Flag of Hesse.svg
Flag of Indore
Details
First monarch Malhar Rao Holkar I
Last monarch Yashwantrao Holkar II
Formation 2 November 1731
Abolition 26 June 1948
Residence Rajwada, Indore

The Holkar dynasty was a Hindu Maratha royal house in India.[1][2][3] The Holkars ruled as Maratha Rajas, and later as Maharajas of Indore in Central India as an independent member of the Maratha Empire until 1818. Later, their kingdom became a princely state under the protectorate of British India.

The dynasty was founded with Malhar Rao, who joined the service of the Peshwas of the Maratha Empire in 1721, and quickly rose to the ranks of Subedar. The name of the dynasty was associated with the title of the ruler, who was known informally as Holkar Maharaja.

Establishment of Holkar rule[edit]

Fort Ahilya in Maheshwar
A Statue of Ahilyabai Holkar at Datta Temple

The Holkars claim descent from the royal family of Udaipur. The sun in their emblem asserts their Suryavanshi lineage.[4]

Malhar Rao Holkar (1694-1766), a Maratha chief serving Peshwa Baji Rao, established the dynasty's rule over Indore. In the 1720s, he led Maratha armies in Malwa region, and in 1733 was granted 9 parghanas in the vicinity of Indore by the Peshwa. The township of Indore had already existed as an independent principality established by Nandlal Mandloi of Kampel, Nandlal Mandloi was won by the Maratha force and allowed them to camp across the Khan (Kanh) River. In 1734, Malhar Rao established a camp later called Malharganj. In 1747, he started the construction of his royal palace, the Rajwada. By the time of his death, he ruled much of Malwa, and was acknowledged as one of the five virtually independent rulers of the Maratha Confederacy.

He was succeeded by Ahilyabai Holkar (r. 1767–1795), his daughter-in-law. She was born in the Chaundi village in Maharashtra. She moved the capital to Maheshwar, south of Indore on the Narmada River. Rani Ahilyabai was a prolific builder and patron of Hindu temples in Maheshwar and Indore. She also built temples at sacred sites outside her kingdom, from Dwarka in Gujarat east to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple at Varanasi on the Ganges.

The adopted son of Malhar Rao Haolkar, Tukoji Rao Holkar (r. 1795-1797) briefly succeeded Rani Ahilyabai upon her death. Tukoji Rao had been a commander under Ahilyabai for her entire rule.

Extending the Holkar dominion[edit]

His son Yashwantrao Holkar (r. 1797–1811) (also called as Jaswant Rao) succeeded him upon his death. He tried to free the Delhi Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II from the British in the unsuccessful Second Anglo-Maratha War. The grateful Shah Alam gave him the title of Maharajadiraj Rajrajeshwar Alija Bahadur in honor of his bravery.

Tookajee Rao Holkar II, Indore, from a drawing by Mr. W. Carpenter, Jun.," from the Illustrated London News, 1857

Attempts by Yashwantrao Holkar to unite the kings failed, and he was approached to sign a peace treaty with the British. The Treaty of Rajghat, signed late December 1805, recognised him as a sovereign king and returned all his territories, including Jaipur, Udaipur, Kota, Bundi, and some Rajput lands from other kings.

Battle of Mahidpur[edit]

Tukojirao Holkar III Maharaja Holkar of Indore

In 1811, the four-year-old Maharaja Malharrao Holkar II succeeded Yashwantrao Holkar. His mother, Maharani Tulsabai Holkar, looked after the administration. However, with the help of Pathans, Pindaris, and the British, Dharama Kunwar and Balaram Seth plotted to imprison Tulsabai and Malharrao.[citation needed] When Tulsabai learnt about this, she beheaded both of them in 1815 and appointed Tantia Jog. As a result, Gaffur Khan Pindari secretly signed a treaty with the British on 9 November 1817 and killed Tulsabai on 19 December 1817.

The treaty was signed on 6 January 1818 at Mandsaur. Bhimabai Holkar did not accept the treaty, and kept attacking the British by guerilla methods. Rani Lakshmibai of Jhanshi took inspiration from Bhimabai Holkar and also fought against the British. At the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the Holkars lost much of their territory to the British and were incorporated into the British Raj as a princely state of the Central India Agency. The capital was shifted from Bhanpura to Indore.

Princely State[edit]

A silver rupee of Shivajirao Holkar 1886-1903, minted at Indore in Vikram Samvat 1948 (1891)
Yashwantrao Holkar II, the last ruling Maharaja Holkar

Malharrao Holkar III entered Indore on 2 November 1818. Tantia Jog was appointed his Diwan as he was a minor. As the old palace was destroyed by the army of Daulat Rao Scindia, a new palace was constructed in its place. Malharrao III was succeeded by Martandrao Holkar, who formally ascended to the throne on 17 January 1834. But he was replaced by Harirao Holkar, nephew of Yashwantrao, who ascended to the throne on 17 April 1834. He adopted Khanderao Holkar on 2 July 1841 and died on 24 October 1843. Khanderao was formally installed as the ruler on 13 November 1843, but he suddenly died on 17 February 1844. Tukojirao Holkar II (1835–1886) was installed on the throne on 27 June 1844. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he was loyal to the British East India Company. In October 1872, he appointed T. Madhava Rao as the Diwan of Indore. He died on 17 June 1886 and succeeded by his eldest son, Shivajirao.

Yashwantrao Holkar II (reigned 1926–1948) ruled Indore state until shortly after India's independence in 1947, when he acceded to the Indian Government. Indore became a district of Madhya Bharat state, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh state in 1956.

Holkar Maharajas of Indore[edit]

  1. Malhar Rao Holkar I (r. 2 November 1731 – 20 May 1766). Born 16 March 1693, died 20 May 1766
  2. Male Rao Holkar (r. 23 August 1766 – 5 April 1767). Born 1745, died 5 April 1767
  3. Ahilya Bai Holkar (first as a regent on 26 May 1766) (r. 27 March 1767 – 13 August 1795). Born 1725, died 13 August 1795
  4. Tukoji Rao Holkar I (r. 13 August 1795 – 29 January 1797). Born 1723, died 15 August 1797
  5. Kashi Rao Holkar (r. 29 January 1797 - January 1799) Born before 1776, died 1808
  6. Khande Rao Holkar (r. January 1799 - 22 February 1807) Born in 1798, died 1807
  7. Yashwant Rao Holkar I (first as a regent from 1799) (r. 1807 - 27 October 1811). Born 1776, died 27 October 1811
  8. Malhar Rao Holkar II (r. 27 October 1811 – 27 October 1833) Born 1806, died 27 October 1833
  9. Marthand Rao Holkar (r. 17 January 1833 – 2 February 1834). Born 1830, died 2 June 1849
  10. Hari Rao Holkar (r. 17 April 1834 – 24 October 1843). Born 1795, died 24 October 1843
  11. Khande Rao Holkar II (r. 13 November 1843 – 17 February 1844). Born 1828, died 17 March 1844
  12. Tukoji Rao Holkar II (r. 27 June 1844 – 17 June 1886). Born 3 May 1835, died 17 June 1886
  13. Shivaji Rao Holkar (r. 17 June 1886 – 31 January 1903). Born 11 November 1859, died 13 October 1908
  14. Tukoji Rao Holkar III (r. 31 January 1903 – 26 February 1926). Born 26 November 1890, died 21 May 1978
  15. Yashwant Rao Holkar II (r. 26 February 1926 - 1948). Born 6 September 1908, died 5 December 1961

On 22 April 1948 the Maharaja of Indore signed a covenant with the rulers of the adjoining princely states to form a new state known as Madhya Bharat. Madhya Bharat was created on 28 May 1948. On 16 June 1948, the princely state of Indore, which the House of Holkar ruled, merged with the newly independent Indian states.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John Stewart Bowman ed. Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture.
  2. ^ A.R. Kulkarni, Studies in history of the Deccan.
  3. ^ Hoiberg, Dale; Ramchandani, Indu (1 January 2000). Students' Britannica India: I to M (Iblis to Mira Bai). Encyclopaedia Britannica (India). Retrieved 3 March 2017 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ P. K. Sethi; S. K. Bhatt; R. Holkar (1976). A Study of Holkar State Coinage. Indore: Bhatt. pp. cxiv–cxvi. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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