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Hope Hicks
Hope Hicks November 2017.jpg
White House Director of Communications
In office
August 16, 2017 – March 29, 2018
Acting: August 16 – September 12, 2017
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Anthony Scaramucci
Succeeded by Bill Shine
1st White House Director of Strategic Communications
In office
January 20, 2017 – September 12, 2017
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Mercedes Schlapp
Personal details
Born Hope Charlotte Hicks
(1988-10-21) October 21, 1988 (age 29)
Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.
Political party Republican
Education Southern Methodist University (BA)

Hope Charlotte Hicks (born October 21, 1988) is an American public relations consultant who served as the White House Communications Director for U.S. President Donald Trump from August 2017 until March 29, 2018.[1][2] From January to September 2017, she was White House Director of Strategic Communications, a role created for her. She previously was a teenage model but then became press secretary and early communications director for Trump's 2016 presidential campaign, as well as the national press secretary for his presidential transition team,[3][4] and before that was an employee of The Trump Organization. She was Trump's longest-serving political aide at the time of her resignation.[5][6]

On February 27, 2018, Hicks testified to a Congressional committee that she had told "white lies" on Trump's behalf.[7][8][9] The next day, Hicks announced her intention to resign as White House Communications Director.[10][11] She left the White House a month later.[12]

Early life[edit]

Hicks is the daughter of Caye Ann (Cavender) Hicks and Paul Burton Hicks III.[13] She grew up in Greenwich, Connecticut.[13][14][15] Her father was Regional CEO, Americas[16] of Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide, and executive vice president of communications for the National Football League from 2010 to 2015, before becoming managing director of the Glover Park Group.[3][17][14][18][19] Her family had a history in politics: her mother was an aide to Ed Jones, a Democratic congressman from Tennessee; her maternal grandfather, G.W.F. "Dutch" Cavender, worked in the U.S. Department of Agriculture during two different administrations; and her maternal grandmother, Marilee Cavender, worked at the U.S. Department of Transportation.[20]

Hicks was a teenage model, appearing in Greenwich magazine in 2002.[5] She then posed for a Ralph Lauren campaign with her older sister Mary Grace, and was the face of the Hourglass Adventures novels about a time-traveling 10-year-old.[5] She was the cover model for The It Girl (2005), the first novel in the series by Cecily von Ziegesar.[21]

Hicks attended Greenwich High School, where she was co-captain of the lacrosse team, and graduated in 2006.[15][22][23] She then attended Southern Methodist University, where she majored in English and played on a club lacrosse program she helped start. She graduated in 2010.[5][15][24]

Career[edit]

Hicks started in public relations with the New York City firm Zeno Group.[19] She began working for public relations firm Hiltzik Strategies in 2012, after meeting the firm's founder at an NFL Super Bowl event, and worked there for Donald Trump's daughter Ivanka Trump, on her fashion line, and then on other Trump ventures.[15][25]

In August 2014, Hicks joined The Trump Organization full-time.[17] She worked for Ivanka Trump inside Trump Tower, helping expand her fashion label (the Ivanka Trump Collection) and modeling for her online store.[26] In October 2014, she began working directly for Donald Trump.[27]

In January 2015, Donald Trump chose Hicks, who was 26 years old at the time, for the role of press secretary for his potential presidential campaign.[28][29] Trump summoned her to his office and, as she tells it, "Mr. Trump looked at me and said, 'I'm thinking about running for president, and you're going to be my press secretary.'"[26] Until that time, she had never worked in politics or volunteered on a campaign.[30] After Trump's first primary victories, Hicks was asked to choose between staying with the Trump Organization or working on the campaign full-time. She initially decided to leave the campaign, but Trump convinced her to remain and she stayed on as press secretary.[15]

During the campaign, she played the role of gatekeeper to press members who wanted to speak with Trump, handling over 250 requests a day, and deciding which reporters would be allowed to speak with him.[14][30] Hicks also took dictation from Trump for his tweets, and then sent the text to another person in the Trump organization who sent the tweets from Trump's official account.[26][31] When in New York City, she would spend most of her day in Trump's office, handling inquiries from the press and taking dictation from him to tweet.[28]

On December 22, 2016, it was announced that Hicks would become part of the Trump Administration, in the newly created position of the White House Director of Strategic Communications. In January 2017, Hicks was included on the Forbes 30 Under 30 list, having "served as a one-woman press team for Trump's historic presidential campaign."[32]

On August 16, 2017, she was made the interim White House Communications Director (the last Director having been Anthony Scaramucci). Politico labelled her the "Untouchable Hope Hicks," as she was considered one of the few White House officials whose job was safe, and one of only two White House communications officials Scaramucci had announced were definitely staying when he was first hired.[33] She was appointed permanent White House Communications Director on September 12, 2017.[34]

On February 27, 2018, Hicks gave nine hours of closed-door testimony to the House Intelligence Committee. She acknowledged that she sometimes had to tell "white lies" in her work as communications director, but refused to answer any questions about her tenure in the White House.[35] The next day the White House confirmed to the New York Times that Hicks planned to resign.[36] According to "multiple sources", she had been planning to resign for months, and her announcement was unrelated to the events of the preceding 24 hours.[37] She officially resigned on March 29, 2018.[38]

Personal life[edit]

Hicks and her sister lived in Greenwich, Connecticut, but she split her time between an apartment there and an apartment in Manhattan. When Trump was elected, she moved to Washington, D.C.[23][30][28]

Hicks allegedly dated Trump's campaign manager Corey Lewandowski while he was still married to Alison Hardy.[39][40][41] She later began dating former White House Staff Secretary Rob Porter, while he was caught up in a scandal for allegedly beating his two ex-wives.[42][40][43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haberman, Maggie (September 12, 2017). "Hope Hicks Is Formally Named White House Communications Director". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 14, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2017. 
  2. ^ News, A. B. C. (March 29, 2018). "Trump bids farewell to close aide Hope Hicks". ABC News. Retrieved April 5, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b Nelson, Rebecca. "Meet Donald Trump's 27-Year-Old Communications Director, Hope Hicks". Marie Clare. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  4. ^ Nussbaum, Matthew. "Trump transition seeks distance from conservation fundraiser". Politico. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Grynbaum, Michael (June 26, 2016). "The Woman Who 'Totally Understands' Donald Trump". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2017. 
  6. ^ Dangremond, Sam. "15 Things You Should Know About Hope Hicks, Donald Trump's Director of Strategic Communications". Town&Country. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Hope Hicks, the White House aide snared by white lies". Financial Times. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 
  8. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (February 27, 2018). "Hope Hicks Acknowledges She Sometimes Tells White Lies for Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 11, 2018 – via NYTimes.com. 
  9. ^ Raju, Manu; Herb, Jeremy (March 1, 2018). "What Hope Hicks meant about white lies". CNN. Retrieved March 1, 2018. 
  10. ^ Haberman, Maggie (February 28, 2018). "Hope Hicks to Leave Post as White House Communications Director". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 1, 2018. 
  11. ^ "White House communications director Hope Hicks to resign". ABC News. 
  12. ^ Tristan Lejeune (March 29, 2018). "Trump bids farewell to Hope Hicks". The Hill. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  13. ^ a b "Paul Hicks Weds Caye A. Cavender". The New York Times. May 16, 1982. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c Sebastian, Michael; Friedman, Megan (February 28, 2018). "16 Things to Know About Hope Hicks, President Trump's Communications Director". Cosmopolitan. Archived from the original on February 28, 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Nuzzi, Olivia (June 20, 2016). "The Mystifying Triumph of Hope Hicks, Donald Trump's Right-Hand Woman". GQ. Archived from the original on June 20, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  16. ^ Paul Hicks's LinkedIn, LinkedIn, Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Viebeck, Elise (July 27, 2015). "Hope Hicks flies quietly in the eye of the Trump storm". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 2, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  18. ^ "On The Campaign Trail With SMU Alum Hope Hicks '10, Donald Trump's Communications Director". Southern Methodist University Magazine. June 2016. Archived from the original on June 23, 2016. 
  19. ^ a b Vigdor, Neil (August 4, 2015). "Greenwich natives help Trump, Bush and Obama hone their message". Connecticut Post. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. 
  20. ^ Nuzzi, Olivia (March 18, 2018). "What Hope Hicks Learned in Washington". New York Magazine. Retrieved March 19, 2018. 
  21. ^ Koman, Tess (June 21, 2016). "Here's Why Donald Trump's 27-Year-Old Press Secretary Looks So Familiar". Cosmopolitan. Archived from the original on June 22, 2016. 
  22. ^ Viser, Matt (November 10, 2016). "Hope Hicks Is Everything Her Boss Donald Trump Is Not". Town & Country. New York City. Retrieved November 23, 2016. At age 11 she and her older sister were hired to model for Ralph Lauren. Soon she was in the pages of national magazines and had a cameo on the soap opera Guiding Light. She became the face of the Hourglass Adventures, a series of novels for preteen girls featuring a 10-year-old who travels back in time. 
  23. ^ a b "Hope & change: The breakout star of Trump's campaign". Connecticut Post. Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. 
  24. ^ Hamilton, Matt (November 4, 2016). "From the Mag: A Public Relation". Lacrosse Magazine. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017. 
  25. ^ Diamond, Jeremy (November 27, 2017). "Hope Hicks: A witness to Trump's rise". CNN. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. 
  26. ^ a b c "Hope Hicks and Kellyanne Conway – the women of Donald Trump's inner circle" Archived February 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine., The Sydney Morning Herald
  27. ^ Samuelshohn, Darren (November 16, 2017). "Hope Hicks may hold the keys to Mueller's Russia puzzle". POLITICO. Archived from the original on November 26, 2017. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c Sherman, Gabriel (April 3, 2016). "Operation Trump: Inside the Most Unorthodox Campaign in Political History". New York. Archived from the original on June 22, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  29. ^ Tucker, Reed (September 25, 2015). "Meet Trump's 26-year-old mystery woman". New York Post. Archived from the original on June 25, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  30. ^ a b c "Hope Hicks Was Responsible for an Important Line in the President's Speech Archived July 28, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.". Yahoo.
  31. ^ "14 Things to Know About Hope Hicks, Donald Trump's 27-Year-Old Former Model Press Secretary," Yahoo.com Archived June 4, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ "Forbes 30 Under 30". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. 
  33. ^ McBride, Jessica (August 16, 2017). "Hope Hicks & Donald Trump: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017. 
  34. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca (September 12, 2017). "Hope Hicks Named Permanent White House Communications Director". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. 
  35. ^ Raju, Manu; Herb, Jeremy (February 28, 2018). "Hicks acknowledges white lies, but won't talk White House in testimony". CNN. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  36. ^ Haberman, Maggie (February 28, 2018). "Hope Hicks to Resign as White House Communications Director". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 28, 2018. 
  37. ^ Smith, Allan (February 28, 2018). "Hope Hicks, one of Trump's closest confidants and longest-tenured aide, is resigning". Business Insider. Retrieved March 1, 2018. 
  38. ^ Rogers, Katie; Haberman, Maggie (March 29, 2018). "Hope Hicks is Gone, and It's Not Clear Who Can Replace Her". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  39. ^ Jordan, Mary; Dawsey, Josh (February 10, 2018). "Hope Hicks: The quiet one in Trump's White House suddenly feels the glare". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 11, 2018 – via www.washingtonpost.com. 
  40. ^ a b "Inside Hope Hicks' Troubled Romances with Ousted Top Trump Aides Rob Porter and Corey Lewandowski". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 
  41. ^ Taylor, Kate (February 8, 2018). "The Trump White House has been plagued by rumors of illicit romances — and now Hope Hicks is at the center". Business Insider. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 9, 2018. 
  42. ^ "White House aide Rob Porter resigning amid abuse allegations". CBS News. February 8, 2018. Archived from the original on February 8, 2018. Retrieved February 8, 2018. 
  43. ^ "Trump is reportedly blaming Hope Hicks in the Porter scandal". Vox. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Anthony Scaramucci
White House Director of Communications
2017–2018
Succeeded by
Bill Shine

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