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Hosea Williams: In His Own Words Part ONE
Hosea Williams: In His Own Words Part ONE
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Hosea Helps
Hosea Williams - Unbought & Unbossed Produce By Lance Robertson 2000
Hosea Williams - Unbought & Unbossed Produce By Lance Robertson 2000
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: Lance Robertson
Hosea Williams discusses assassination of Martin Luther King 1968
Hosea Williams discusses assassination of Martin Luther King 1968
Published: 2011/05/10
Channel: historycomestolife
Ally Pat- Hosea Williams Best Friend
Ally Pat- Hosea Williams Best Friend
Published: 2007/10/26
Channel: BrothaRollins
Baba Dick Gregory Goes H.A.M.!!! MLK & Hosea Williams Were Lovers? Coretta Was A Lesbian?
Baba Dick Gregory Goes H.A.M.!!! MLK & Hosea Williams Were Lovers? Coretta Was A Lesbian?
Published: 2014/12/20
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Hosea Williams In His Own Words Part TWO
Hosea Williams In His Own Words Part TWO
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Hosea Helps
Hosea Williams Funeral Pastor Flemming at Ebenezer Baptist Church
Hosea Williams Funeral Pastor Flemming at Ebenezer Baptist Church
Published: 2012/04/14
Channel: Praise move
Hosea Williams Hall of Fame
Hosea Williams Hall of Fame
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: Donte Diesel
Faith Christian Fellowship, Hosea Williams Blvd., Atlanta, GA
Faith Christian Fellowship, Hosea Williams Blvd., Atlanta, GA
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Calvin Burgamy
Hosea Williams
Hosea Williams' Feed the Hungry Tribute
Published: 2009/11/18
Channel: On The Move Records Inc.
Rev. Jesse Jackson hugs Hosea Williams
Rev. Jesse Jackson hugs Hosea Williams' granddaughter in Selma UNCUT - 50TH Anniversary
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: CIVILRIGHTSAGENDA-COM
Elder Jones Performing at Hosea Williams/M.L.K. Event
Elder Jones Performing at Hosea Williams/M.L.K. Event
Published: 2011/01/26
Channel: HPE23
Dick Gregory on Hosea Williams in Selma, Alabama UNCUT - March 2015
Dick Gregory on Hosea Williams in Selma, Alabama UNCUT - March 2015
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: CIVILRIGHTSAGENDA-COM
Pat & Hosea
Pat & Hosea
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: People TV Atlanta Comcast Channel 24
Alley Pat Clip 21 Pat And Hosea Williams On The Air
Alley Pat Clip 21 Pat And Hosea Williams On The Air
Published: 2010/11/04
Channel: AlleyPatMovie
Hosea Williams house
Hosea Williams house
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: Chuck McClain
DeKalb County Pays Tribute to Rev. Hosea Williams
DeKalb County Pays Tribute to Rev. Hosea Williams
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: DeKalbCountyGov
Hosea Helps prepares to feed thousands on Thanksgiving day
Hosea Helps prepares to feed thousands on Thanksgiving day
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: FOX 5 Atlanta
Hosea Williams:  Atlanta tour guide
Hosea Williams: Atlanta tour guide
Published: 2008/06/18
Channel: dougrichards
Alley Pat-Hosea Williams Best Friend Part 2
Alley Pat-Hosea Williams Best Friend Part 2
Published: 2007/10/28
Channel: BrothaRollins
Hosea Williams receives Lifetime Achievement Award
Hosea Williams receives Lifetime Achievement Award
Published: 2014/12/30
Channel: 4csllc38751
1458 hosea williams 4 24 09
1458 hosea williams 4 24 09
Published: 2009/04/25
Channel: 2ndchnces
Nayo Smash-Hosea Williams
Nayo Smash-Hosea Williams
Published: 2010/11/08
Channel: NayoSmash
Dr Williams Emererson remember her Father Hosea Williams w Roy Paul
Dr Williams Emererson remember her Father Hosea Williams w Roy Paul
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: confederatesons
Prince Nephew sings@ Hosea Williams feed hungry.
Prince Nephew sings@ Hosea Williams feed hungry.
Published: 2013/11/30
Channel: Kelvin Hawkins
Alley Pat Clip 23 Hosea Williams Will Stand Up & Speak Out
Alley Pat Clip 23 Hosea Williams Will Stand Up & Speak Out
Published: 2010/11/04
Channel: AlleyPatMovie
Alley Pat Clip 24 Pat at Hosea Williams Funeral
Alley Pat Clip 24 Pat at Hosea Williams Funeral
Published: 2010/11/04
Channel: AlleyPatMovie
In Memorial for Rev. Hosea L. Williams 2014 pt.4
In Memorial for Rev. Hosea L. Williams 2014 pt.4
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Fortee Gransz
Chief Assistant to Hosea Williams for 35 Years,Terrie Randolph! Live in Selma UNCUT 50th Anniversary
Chief Assistant to Hosea Williams for 35 Years,Terrie Randolph! Live in Selma UNCUT 50th Anniversary
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: CIVILRIGHTSAGENDA-COM
Hosea Williams Civil Rights Presentation
Hosea Williams Civil Rights Presentation
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Gustavo Rios
Butler wockee member , Hosea Williams , dancing to Chris brown
Butler wockee member , Hosea Williams , dancing to Chris brown
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: R.S.O.M
Hosea Williams Feed The Hungry Supported My Drug Addiction
Hosea Williams Feed The Hungry Supported My Drug Addiction
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Big Mike
1320 NE Hosea L Williams Dr, Atlanta, GA, 30317 Tour - $439,900
1320 NE Hosea L Williams Dr, Atlanta, GA, 30317 Tour - $439,900
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Solid Source Realty Listings
Hosea williams event.
Hosea williams event.
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Brendita Iraheta
GMBC CHURCH. Elder HOSEA WILLIAMS.
GMBC CHURCH. Elder HOSEA WILLIAMS.
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Rev Harvey
Hosea Williams Christmas GWCC 2012
Hosea Williams Christmas GWCC 2012
Published: 2012/12/25
Channel: Rodney Pierce
1762 Hosea Williams Blvd., Atlanta, GA 30317
1762 Hosea Williams Blvd., Atlanta, GA 30317
Published: 2012/01/22
Channel: atlantarealtoragent
Kirkwood bungalow for sale at 2206 Hosea Williams Drive NE
Kirkwood bungalow for sale at 2206 Hosea Williams Drive NE
Published: 2010/10/25
Channel: AtlantaHomesFinder
2788 Hosea Williams .m4v
2788 Hosea Williams .m4v
Published: 2011/11/14
Channel: Pamela Handler
Hosea Williams
Hosea Williams' First Born Child- Barbara Jean Williams-Emerson in Selma UNCUT March, 2015
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: CIVILRIGHTSAGENDA-COM
Alley Pat Clip 22 Hosea Williams Was More Important Than MLK
Alley Pat Clip 22 Hosea Williams Was More Important Than MLK
Published: 2010/11/04
Channel: AlleyPatMovie
Morton Downey Jr.
Morton Downey Jr.'s Rare Interview w/ Dr. Kings' convicted assassin James Earl Ray; a must listen.
Published: 2014/04/29
Channel: Sy Salahdeen
Hosea L Williams Offered by Kevin Kao at NetWorth of Atlanta
Hosea L Williams Offered by Kevin Kao at NetWorth of Atlanta
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Kevin Kao
20170202 113933 2017 02 02 2348 Hosea Williams Kirkwood Teardown before
20170202 113933 2017 02 02 2348 Hosea Williams Kirkwood Teardown before
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: clambake444
2271 Hosea L Williams Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30317 {Jeff Raw}
2271 Hosea L Williams Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30317 {Jeff Raw}
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: jraw100
20170212 085540  2017 02 12  2348 Hosea Williams Kirkwood Teardown probably 1910
20170212 085540 2017 02 12 2348 Hosea Williams Kirkwood Teardown probably 1910
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: clambake444
Tenette Singing at the Feed the hungry (Hosea Williams) thanksgiving
Tenette Singing at the Feed the hungry (Hosea Williams) thanksgiving
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: tenette Smith
140523 1238 Hosea L Williams Dr NE 2
140523 1238 Hosea L Williams Dr NE 2
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: 864Skater
Jacynda Nguyen , Dorothy Vu, Kate Quach, Emily Ku period 4 "Hosea Williams: A New American Future"
Jacynda Nguyen , Dorothy Vu, Kate Quach, Emily Ku period 4 "Hosea Williams: A New American Future"
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: justine corey
Memoriam for Rev. Hosea L. Williams 2014 pt. 2
Memoriam for Rev. Hosea L. Williams 2014 pt. 2
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: MarCoViTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Hosea Williams
Hosea Williams delivering a speech (capture from US gov National Parks Service "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" web site.jpg
Hosea Williams delivering speech
Born Hosea Lorenzo Williams
(1926-01-05)January 5, 1926
Attapulgus, Georgia, United States
Died November 16, 2000(2000-11-16) (aged 74)
Atlanta, Georgia
Resting place Lincoln Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia
Occupation Civil rights activist, research chemist, entrepreneur, politician

Hosea Lorenzo Williams (January 5, 1926 – November 16, 2000) was a United States civil rights leader, ordained minister, businessman, philanthropist, scientist, and politician. He may be best known as a trusted member of fellow famed civil rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize winner Martin Luther King, Jr.'s inner circle. Under the banner of their flagship organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, King depended on Williams to organize and stir masses of people into nonviolent direct action in myriad protest campaigns they waged against racial, political, economic, and social injustice. King alternately referred to Williams, his chief field lieutenant, as his "bull in a china closet" and his "Castro".

Inspired by personal experience with and his vow to continue King's work for the poor, Williams may be equally well known as the founding president of one of the largest social services organizations for the poor and hungry on holidays in North America, Hosea Feed the Hungry and Homeless. His famous motto was "Unbought and Unbossed" (which was also the motto of former U.S. Representative Shirley Chisholm of New York City).

Background[edit]

Williams was born in Attapulgus, Georgia, a small city in the far southwest corner of the state in Decatur County. Both of his parents were teenagers committed to a trade institute for the blind in Macon. His mother ran away from the institute upon learning of her pregnancy. At the age of 28, Williams stumbled upon his birth father, "Blind" Willie Wiggins, by accident in Florida.[1] His mother died during childbirth when he was 10 years old. He was raised by his mother's parents, Lelar and Turner Williams. He left home by the age of 14.

Williams served with the United States Army during World War II in an all-African-American unit under General George S. Patton, Jr. and advanced to the rank of Staff Sergeant. He was the only survivor of a Nazi bombing, which left him in a hospital in Europe for more than a year and earned him a Purple Heart. Upon his return home from the war, Williams was savagely beaten by a group of angry whites at a bus station for drinking from a water fountain marked "Whites Only". He was beaten so badly that the attackers thought he was dead. They called a black funeral home in the area to pick up the body. En route to the funeral home, the hearse driver noticed Williams had a faint pulse and was barely breathing, but was still alive. There were no hospitals in the area that would serve blacks, even in the case of a medical emergency; the trip to the nearest veterans' hospital was well over a hundred miles. Williams spent more than a month hospitalized recuperating from injuries sustained in the attack.

Of the attack, Williams was quoted as saying, "I was deemed 100 percent disabled by the military and required a cane to walk. My wounds had earned me a Purple Heart. The war had just ended and I was still in my uniform for god's sake! But on my way home, to the brink of death, they beat me like a common dog. The very same people whose freedoms and liberties I had fought and suffered to secure in the horrors of war...they beat me like a dog...merely because I wanted a drink of water." He went on to say, "I had watched my best buddies tortured, murdered, and bodies blown to pieces. The French battlefields had literally been stained with my blood and fertilized with the rot of my loins. So at that moment, I truly felt as if I had fought on the wrong side. Then, and not until then, did I realize why God, time after time, had taken me to death's door, then spared my life...to be a general in the war for human rights and personal dignity."

After the war, he earned a high school diploma at the age of 23, then a bachelor's degree and a master's degree (both in chemistry) from Atlanta's Morris Brown College and Atlanta University (present-day Clark Atlanta University). Williams is a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity. He shared a birthday with one of that organization's most prominent members, George Washington Carver.

In the early 1950s, Williams married Juanita Terry and worked for the United States Department of Agriculture as a research scientist. Williams had four sons: Hosea L. Williams, II, Andre Williams, Torrey Williams, and Hyron Williams, and four daughters: Barbara Emerson, Elizabeth Omilami, Yolanda Favors, and Jaunita Collier. Williams was preceded in death by his wife and by his son Hosea.

Early civil rights activism[edit]

Hosea Williams, image and text from recognition documents distributed by the Alabama Dept. of Public Safety in the 1960s

Williams first joined the NAACP, but later became a leader in the SCLC along with Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, James Bevel, Joseph Lowery, and Andrew Young among many others. He played an important role in the demonstrations in St. Augustine, Florida that some claim led to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964.[2] While organizing during the 1965 Selma Voting Rights Movement he also led the first attempt at a 1965 march from Selma to Montgomery, and was tear gassed and beaten severely. The Selma demonstrations and his "Bloody Sunday" attempt led to the other great legislative accomplishment of the movement, the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

After leaving SCLC, Williams played an active role in supporting strikes in the Atlanta, Georgia area by black workers who had first been hired because of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.[2]

Political career[edit]

In the 1966 gubernatorial race, Williams opposed both the Democratic nominee, segregationist Lester Maddox, and the Republican choice, U.S. Representative Howard Callaway. He challenged Callaway on myriad issues relating to civil rights, minimum wage, federal aid to education, urban renewal, and indigent medical care. Williams claimed that Callaway had purchased the endorsement of the Atlanta Journal. Ultimately, after a general election deadlock, Maddox was elected governor by the state legislature.[3]

Campaign button used in Williams' 1972 primary race

In 1972, Williams ran in the Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate seat formerly held by the late Richard Russell, Jr. He polled 46,153 votes (6.4 percent). The nomination and the election went to fellow Democrat Sam Nunn.

In 1974 Williams was elected to the Georgia Senate where he served five terms as a Democrat, until 1984. In 1985 he was elected to the Atlanta City Council, serving for five years, until his election in 1989 when he ran for Mayor of Atlanta but lost to Maynard Jackson. That same year Williams successfully campaigned for a seat on the DeKalb County, Georgia County Commission which he held until 1994.

Williams supported former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter for president in 1976, but surprised many black civil rights figures in 1980 by joining Ralph Abernathy and Charles Evers in endorsing Ronald Reagan. By 1984, however, he had soured on Reagan's policies, and returned to the Democrats to support Walter F. Mondale.

On January 17, 1987 Williams led a "March Against Fear and Intimidation" in Forsyth County, Georgia, which at the time (before becoming a major exurb of northern metro Atlanta) had no non-white residents. The ninety marchers were assaulted with stones and other objects by several hundred counter-demonstrators led by the Nationalist Movement and Ku Klux Klan. The following week 20,000, including senior civil rights leaders and government officials marched. Forsyth County began to slowly integrate in the following years with the expansion of the Atlanta suburbs.[citation needed]

In 1971 Hosea Williams founded a non-profit foundation, Hosea Feed the Hungry and Homeless, widely known in Atlanta for providing hot meals, haircuts, clothing, and other services for the needy on Thanksgiving, Christmas, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day and Easter Sunday each year. Williams' daughter Elizabeth Omilami serves as head of the foundation.

In 1974, Williams organized the International Wrestling League (IWL), based in Atlanta, with Thunderbolt Patterson serving as president. Among other entrepreneurial endeavors, he founded Hosea Williams Bail Bonds, Inc., a bail bond agency.

Honors[edit]

Boulevard Drive in the southeastern area of Atlanta was renamed Hosea L Williams Drive shortly before Williams died. Hosea Williams Drive runs by the site of his former home in the East Lake neighborhood at the intersection of Hosea L. Williams Drive and East Lake Drive.

Death[edit]

Williams died at Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta, after a three-year battle with cancer on November 16, 2000. Funeral services were held at the historic Ebenezer Baptist Church, where close friend Martin Luther King Jr, was once the co-pastor. He is interred at Lincoln Cemetery.

Hosea L. Williams Papers are housed at Auburn Avenue Research Library On African American Culture and History in Atlanta. His daughter Elisabeth Omilami also maintains a traveling exhibit of valuable civil rights memorabilia.

In popular culture[edit]

Williams is portrayed by Wendell Pierce in the 2014 film Selma.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Branch, Taylor (1998). Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years 1963-65. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 124. ISBN 0-684-80819-6. 
  2. ^ a b Civil Rights Act of 1964
  3. ^ Billy Hathorn, "The Frustration of Opportunity: Georgia Republicans and the Election of 1966", Atlanta History: A Journal of Georgia and the South, XXXI (Winter 1987-1988), p. 44.

External links[edit]

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