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HULK | Shanghai SIPG | Goals, Assists, Skills | 2016/17 (HD)
HULK | Shanghai SIPG | Goals, Assists, Skills | 2016/17 (HD)
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: Home of Football
The Avengers VS The Hulk
The Avengers VS The Hulk
Published: 2008/06/16
Channel: Dustin Memoli
Costa Mediterranea Full Movie Ultra HD Greek Islands Santorini Mykonos Croatia Italia Ship Tour 4k
Costa Mediterranea Full Movie Ultra HD Greek Islands Santorini Mykonos Croatia Italia Ship Tour 4k
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Travel millimud
The Avengers - Hulk Smash
The Avengers - Hulk Smash
Published: 2012/10/31
Channel: Bjorn Holemans
Recording test and Hulk ship
Recording test and Hulk ship
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Gothelven
Hulk and Wolverine Maquette by Sideshow Collectibles EXCLUSIVE 998
Hulk and Wolverine Maquette by Sideshow Collectibles EXCLUSIVE 998
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Carlito SuperLobo
Megalodon Sharks still lives!! Evidence that MEGALODON is not extinct.
Megalodon Sharks still lives!! Evidence that MEGALODON is not extinct.
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Rajesh I
HULK FROM DARKDYNASTYK9S IS NOT A FUCKING PIT BULLS.
HULK FROM DARKDYNASTYK9S IS NOT A FUCKING PIT BULLS.
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: MasterOfAllBulldogs
GTA 5 PC Mods - ULTIMATE HULK MOD! HULK VS HULK! GTA 5 Hulk Mod Gameplay! (GTA 5 Mods Gameplay)
GTA 5 PC Mods - ULTIMATE HULK MOD! HULK VS HULK! GTA 5 Hulk Mod Gameplay! (GTA 5 Mods Gameplay)
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Typical Gamer
Brock Lesnar vs. Hulk Hogan: SmackDown, August 8, 2002
Brock Lesnar vs. Hulk Hogan: SmackDown, August 8, 2002
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: WWE
sideshow Collectibles Hulk vs. Wolverine Premium Art Print by Paolo Rivera
sideshow Collectibles Hulk vs. Wolverine Premium Art Print by Paolo Rivera
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: benocehcap
Arkai Hulk gets suicide ganked in Highsec
Arkai Hulk gets suicide ganked in Highsec
Published: 2009/04/14
Channel: Goljsin
The Hulk vs Tsunami GTA V
The Hulk vs Tsunami GTA V
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: SpeirsTheAmazingHD
Superman lifts a ship | Superman Returns
Superman lifts a ship | Superman Returns
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: flashback fm
The Hulk & The Hulk Car McQueen save C-3PO from Mr. Freeze Lightning McQueen Cars Just4fun290
The Hulk & The Hulk Car McQueen save C-3PO from Mr. Freeze Lightning McQueen Cars Just4fun290
Published: 2014/07/11
Channel: Just4fun290
German Shepherd vs. Doberman
German Shepherd vs. Doberman
Published: 2010/02/09
Channel: camelsandfriends
LIGHTNING MCQUEEN EXPLODED Under TRAIN. SPIDERMAN and Hulk Rescue Cars 3 Cartoon for Kids
LIGHTNING MCQUEEN EXPLODED Under TRAIN. SPIDERMAN and Hulk Rescue Cars 3 Cartoon for Kids
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Toon Cartoon
OctoDad: Dadliest Catch Part 8: Hulk Plays the Game! (Hot Concessions PC Commentary)
OctoDad: Dadliest Catch Part 8: Hulk Plays the Game! (Hot Concessions PC Commentary)
Published: 2014/05/24
Channel: FGTeeV
FREAKY Joker RUN OVER SpiderBaby RC Car! Crushes Spiderman
FREAKY Joker RUN OVER SpiderBaby RC Car! Crushes Spiderman's Toy! w/HULK CRYING BABIES Superheroes
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Cherbear Toys - DCTC
Spiderman Cartoon Movie Kids Compilation Frozen ELSA HULK VENOM Mickey Mouse Donald Duck Superhero
Spiderman Cartoon Movie Kids Compilation Frozen ELSA HULK VENOM Mickey Mouse Donald Duck Superhero
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: Brinoco
WWE All Stars Hulk vs Green Lantern Formula Inside + Gameplay
WWE All Stars Hulk vs Green Lantern Formula Inside + Gameplay
Published: 2011/06/08
Channel: VivekPremGamers
A monster off the British coast: Rusting hulk of World War One German U-boat emerges after..
A monster off the British coast: Rusting hulk of World War One German U-boat emerges after..
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: DNews
HULK FROM DARKDYNASTYK9S IS NOT A FUCKING PIT BULLS. DARKDYNASTYK9S
HULK FROM DARKDYNASTYK9S IS NOT A FUCKING PIT BULLS. DARKDYNASTYK9S
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: MasterOfAllBulldogs
Spider-man: Homecoming Spider-Man vs The Flash FIGHT SCENE | Marvel vs DC 2017
Spider-man: Homecoming Spider-Man vs The Flash FIGHT SCENE | Marvel vs DC 2017
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Soluchi {Michael Jackson Lookalike, Dancer, VFX}
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Mission 10 - Defend - Episode 10
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
Chase
Chase's Corner: SHARK MANIA RACE GAME w/ Shawn! Run Fast or Get ATTACKED! (#42) | DOH MUCH FUN Troll
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: DohMuchFun
Barbie Girl Makeup Elsa Princess Rapunzel Hulk Thomas the Tank Engine Bounce House Superhero Cartoon
Barbie Girl Makeup Elsa Princess Rapunzel Hulk Thomas the Tank Engine Bounce House Superhero Cartoon
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: FluffyJet Toys
HULK - 8 HERÓIS QUE HULK JÁ DERROTOU FACILMENTE (Hulk Contra o Mundo)
HULK - 8 HERÓIS QUE HULK JÁ DERROTOU FACILMENTE (Hulk Contra o Mundo)
Published: 2016/09/05
Channel: Hagazo
FULL-LENGTH MATCH - Raw - Hulk Hogan vs. Ric Flair - WWE Championship Match
FULL-LENGTH MATCH - Raw - Hulk Hogan vs. Ric Flair - WWE Championship Match
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: WWE
China
China's Second Aircraft Carrier Is Almost Complete
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Aidia Mj
Planet Hulk - Full Story!
Planet Hulk - Full Story!
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: VariantComics
TOP 10 (Heavy) UTILITY HELICOPTER |HD| - 2014
TOP 10 (Heavy) UTILITY HELICOPTER |HD| - 2014
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: TheDarthDesigner
Dolphin Cruise | LEGO Friends | Full Episode
Dolphin Cruise | LEGO Friends | Full Episode
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Disney
CRAZY PEPSI FANTA CHALLENGE! Movie Kids Toys w/ Spiderman, Hulk & Joker Family FUN in Real Life
CRAZY PEPSI FANTA CHALLENGE! Movie Kids Toys w/ Spiderman, Hulk & Joker Family FUN in Real Life
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Brinoco
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Mission 6 - Alarm Call - Episode 6
Published: 2013/08/20
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Misson 4 - Cleanse and Burn - Episode 4
Published: 2013/08/18
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
HMS Sheffield Hit by Exocet Missile
HMS Sheffield Hit by Exocet Missile
Published: 2009/01/14
Channel: ColdWarWarriors
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Mission 5 - Decoy - Episode 5
Published: 2013/08/19
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
PAID WATCH REVIEWS - Rolex Milgauss GV and Submariner Hulk
PAID WATCH REVIEWS - Rolex Milgauss GV and Submariner Hulk
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Paul Pluta
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Mission 9 - Regroup - Episode 9
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
Kevin Nash & Hulk Hogan
Kevin Nash & Hulk Hogan's heat in Dubya Cee Dubya
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: nWoWolfpacTV2017
Mr Potato Head Los Vengadores Iron Man y Hulk
Mr Potato Head Los Vengadores Iron Man y Hulk
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: SuperToysCollection
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Mission 2 - Extermination - Episode 2
Published: 2013/08/16
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
Chibi Hulk Pinata
Chibi Hulk Pinata
Published: 2012/10/08
Channel: PinataDesign Studio
Dog Whisperer: Trainer Walks Pack Of Dogs Without A Leash
Dog Whisperer: Trainer Walks Pack Of Dogs Without A Leash
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Barcroft TV
Let
Let's Play Space Hulk (2013) Mission 7 - The Artifact - Episode 7
Published: 2013/08/21
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
Messenger of Purgatory Campaign - Extraction - Space Hulk (2013) - Mission 3
Messenger of Purgatory Campaign - Extraction - Space Hulk (2013) - Mission 3
Published: 2013/10/11
Channel: SplatterCatGaming
LEGO Marvel Super Heroes - S.H.I.E.L.D Helicarrier 100% Guide (All Collectibles)
LEGO Marvel Super Heroes - S.H.I.E.L.D Helicarrier 100% Guide (All Collectibles)
Published: 2013/10/25
Channel: packattack04082
Travel INSIDE a Black Hole
Travel INSIDE a Black Hole
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: Vsauce
Space Hulk: Deathwing - Gameplay First Look
Space Hulk: Deathwing - Gameplay First Look
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Focus Home Interactive
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hulk (ship))
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A hulk moored in Toulon harbour

A hulk is a ship that is afloat, but incapable of going to sea. Although sometimes used to describe a ship that has been launched but not completed, the term most often refers to an old ship that has had its rigging or internal equipment removed, retaining only its flotational qualities. The word "hulk" is also used as a verb: a ship is "hulked" to convert it to a hulk. The verb was also applied to crews of Royal Navy ships in dock, who were sent to the receiving ship for accommodation, or "hulked".[1]

Although the term "hulk" can be used to refer to an abandoned wreck or shell, it is much more commonly applied to hulls that are still performing a useful function. In the days of sail, many hulls served longer as hulks than they did as functional ships. Wooden ships were often hulked when the hull structure became too old and weak to withstand the stresses of sailing.

More recently, ships have been hulked when they become obsolete or when they become uneconomical to operate.

Sheer hulk[edit]

Sheer hulk at Sheerness Dockyard positioned to make a lift

A sheer hulk (or shear hulk) was used in shipbuilding and repair as a floating crane in the days of sailing ships, primarily to place the lower masts of a ship under construction or repair. Booms known as sheers were attached to the base of a hulk's lower masts or beam, supported from the top of those masts. Blocks & tackle were then used in such tasks as placing or removing the lower masts of the vessel under construction or repair. These lower masts were the largest and most massive single timbers aboard a ship, and erecting them without the assistance of either a sheer hulk or land-based masting sheer was extremely difficult.

The concept of sheer hulks originated with the Royal Navy in the 1690s, and persisted in Britain until the early nineteenth century. Most sheer hulks were decommissioned warships; Chatham, built in 1694, was the first of only three purpose-built vessels.[2] There were at least six sheer hulks in service in Britain at any time throughout the 1700s. The concept spread to France in the 1740s with the commissioning of a sheer hulk at the port of Rochefort.[3]

By 1807 the Royal Navy had standardised sheer hulk crew numbers to comprise a boatswain, mate and six seamen, with larger numbers coming aboard only when the sheers were in use.[3]

Accommodation hulk[edit]

French ship Souverain, barracks for marines

An accommodation hulk is a hulk used as housing, generally when there is a lack of quarters available ashore. An operational ship may be used for accommodation, but a hulk can accommodate more personnel than the same hull would accommodate as a functional ship. For this role, the hulk is often extensively modified to improve living conditions. Receiving hulks and prison hulks are specialized types of accommodation hulks. During World War II, purpose-built barracks ships were used in this role.

Receiving hulk[edit]

The American receiving ship C. W. Morse during World War I

A receiving ship is a ship used in harbour to house newly recruited sailors before they are assigned to a ship's crew.[4]

In the Royal Navy, the use of impressment to collect sailors resulted in the problem of preventing escape of the unwilling "recruits". The receiving ship was part of the solution; it was difficult to get off the ship without being detected, and most seamen of the era did not know how to swim.[5]

Receiving ships were typically older vessels that could still be kept afloat, but were obsolete or no longer seaworthy. The practice was especially common in the age of wooden ships, since the old hulls would remain afloat for many years in relatively still waters after they had become too weak to withstand the rigors of the open ocean.[citation needed]

Receiving ships often served as floating hospitals as many were assigned in locations without shore-based station hospitals. Often the afloat surgeon would take up station on the receiving ship.[citation needed]

Prison hulk[edit]

Her front line days over, HMS Temeraire served as a prison hulk, receiving ship, victualing depot, and finally a guard ship before being paid off and sold to the breakers.

A prison hulk was a hulk used as a floating prison. They were used extensively in Great Britain, the Royal Navy producing a steady supply of ships too worn-out to use in combat, but still afloat. Their widespread use was a result of the large number of French sailors captured during the Seven Years' War, and continued throughout the Napoleonic and French Revolutionary Wars a half-century later. By 1814 there were eighteen prison hulks operating at Portsmouth, sixteen at Plymouth and ten at Chatham.[3]

Prison hulks were also convenient for holding civilian prisoners, commencing in Britain in 1776 when the American Revolution prevented the sending of convicts to North America. Instead, increasingly large numbers of British convicts were held aboard hulks in the major seaports and landed ashore in daylight hours for manual labour such as harbor dredging.[3] From 1786 prison hulks were also used as temporary gaols for convicts being transported to Australia.

Powder hulk[edit]

A powder hulk was a hulk used to store gunpowder. The hulk was a floating warehouse which could be moved as needed to simplify the transfer of gunpowder to warships. Its location, away from land, also reduced the possible damage from an explosion.

Salvage pontoon[edit]

A wide noose made of thick rope with anchors attached to it and two floating wooden ships overlaid with heavy beams with ropes hanging down from them
Illustration from a treatise on salvaging from 1734, showing the traditional method of raising a wreck with the help of anchors and hulks as pontoons

Hulks were used in pairs during salvage operations. By passing heavy cables under a wreck and connecting them to two hulks, a wreck could be raised using the lifting force of the tide or by changing the buoyancy of the hulks.

Floating storage and offloading units[edit]

Several of the largest former oil tankers were converted to floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) units, effectively very large floating oil storage tanks. Knock Nevis, by some measures the largest ship ever built, served in this capacity from 2004 until 2010. In 2009 and 2010 two of the four TI-class supertankers, then the largest ships afloat, TI Asia and TI Africa, were converted to FPSOs.

Coal hulks[edit]

Service as a coal hulk was usually, but not always, a ship's last.

Of the fate of the fast and elegant clipper ships, William L. Carothers wrote, "Clippers functioned well as barges; their fine ends made for little resistance when under tow ... The ultimate degradation awaited a barge. There was no way up, only down-- down to the category of coal hulks ... Having strong solid bottoms ... they could handle the great weight of bulk coal which filled their holds. It was a grimy, untidy, unglamorous end for any vessel which had seen the glory days."[6]

The famed clipper Red Jacket ended her days as a coaling hulk in the Cape Verde Islands.

One by one these old Champions of the Seas disappeared. The Young America was last seen lying off Gibraltar as a coal hulk; and that superb old greyhound of the ocean, the Flying Cloud suffered a similar ignominious ending. She was not even spared the humiliation of concealing her tragic end from the eyes of her former envious rivals, but was condemned to end her days as a New Haven scow towed up the Sound with a load of brick and concrete behind a stuck up parvenu tug. Ever and anon as if to emphasize her newly acquired importance, the tug would bury the old-time square-rigged beauty in a cloud of filthy smoke. Imagine the feelings of an ex-Cape Horner under such conditions! There should have been a Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Old Clippers. Everybody who knows anything about ships, knows that they have feelings just the same as anybody else.[7]

— Henry Collins Brown, (1919), The Clipper Ships of Old New York, Valentine's Manual of Old New York, Issue 3, p. 94-95

Other services[edit]

A vessel's hulking may not be its final use. Scuttling as a blockship, breakwater, artificial reef, or recreational dive site may await. Some are repurposed, for example as a gambling ship; others are restored and put to new uses, such as a museum ship. Some even return revitalized to sea.

When lumber schooner Johanna Smith, "one of only two Pacific Coast steam schooners to be powered by steam turbines,"[8] was hulked in 1928, she was moored off Long Beach, California and used as a gambling ship, until a fire of unknown cause finished her off.

One vessel rescued from this ignominious end was the barque Polly Woodside, now a museum ship in Melbourne, Australia. Another is the barque James Craig, rescued from Recherche Bay in Tasmania, now restored and regularly sailing from Sydney, Australia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Threedecks: British sheer hulk 'Chatham' (1694)
  3. ^ a b c d Gardiner, Robert; Lavery, Brian, eds. (1992). The Line of Battle: The Sailing Warship 1650-1840. Conway Maritime Press. pp. 106–107. ISBN 0851779549. 
  4. ^ "Receiving Ship". www.websters-online-dictionary.org. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  5. ^ Lavery, Brian (2012). Nelson's Navy: The Ships, Men and Organisation 1793-1815. Conway Maritime Press. p. 144, 189. ISBN 9781591146124. 
  6. ^ Crothers, William L (1997). The American-built clipper ship, 1850-1856 : characteristics, construction, and details. Camden, ME: International Marine. ISBN 0-07-014501-6. 
  7. ^ Brown, Henry Collins (1919). "The Clipper Ships of Old New York". Valentine's Manual of Old New York. New York: Valentine's Manual. 3: 94–95. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Johanna Smith". California Wreck Divers. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 

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