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DOST-MIRDC Hybrid Electric Train in Action!
DOST-MIRDC Hybrid Electric Train in Action!
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: John McMarv
GE
GE's NEW Hybrid Locomotive
Published: 2007/05/22
Channel: Snuffy's Cat Productions
Hybrid Electric Road Train
Hybrid Electric Road Train
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: THE PHILIPPINE CORPORATE ADDRESS BOOK
hybrid trains
hybrid trains
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: Train Tube
BT: Kauna-unahang hybrid electric train na gawang Pinoy, inilunsad
BT: Kauna-unahang hybrid electric train na gawang Pinoy, inilunsad
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: GMA News
wow..just like in Europe--PNR Tests Hybrid Train
wow..just like in Europe--PNR Tests Hybrid Train
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Lourna Landerholm
The world
The world's first hybrid train in commercial service
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Hybrid train ハイブリッド鉄道車両 会津のSLの部屋
Hybrid train ハイブリッド鉄道車両 会津のSLの部屋
Published: 2007/08/11
Channel: aidusl
Hybrid electric road train, seen as solution to mass urban transport problem
Hybrid electric road train, seen as solution to mass urban transport problem
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: UNTV News and Rescue
Mobile Singko | Hybrid Electric Train
Mobile Singko | Hybrid Electric Train
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: News5Everywhere
29000 Class/8300 class hybrid train !
29000 Class/8300 class hybrid train !
Published: 2012/08/07
Channel: irelandbloke
DOST hybrid road train not applicable in Metro Manila
DOST hybrid road train not applicable in Metro Manila
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: UNTV News and Rescue
The Hybrid Electric Train -  Motoring Forum
The Hybrid Electric Train - Motoring Forum
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: Motoring Today
JR小海線キハE200形小諸駅発車/Hybrid Train Kiha E200 series/2013.08.13
JR小海線キハE200形小諸駅発車/Hybrid Train Kiha E200 series/2013.08.13
Published: 2013/08/17
Channel: Rail Note
Newly HYBRID TRAIN 特別快速 仙石東北ライン 仙台→石巻 全区間
Newly HYBRID TRAIN 特別快速 仙石東北ライン 仙台→石巻 全区間
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Japan Train Viewing
Hybrid Railway Freight Engine GE 2010 : innovation track
Hybrid Railway Freight Engine GE 2010 : innovation track
Published: 2007/08/11
Channel: globalintermodal
5x Newly HYBRID TRAIN 特別快速 仙石東北ライン 仙台→石巻 全区間
5x Newly HYBRID TRAIN 特別快速 仙石東北ライン 仙台→石巻 全区間
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Japan Train Viewing
AMT HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE FOLLOWED BY COMMUTER TRAIN
AMT HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE FOLLOWED BY COMMUTER TRAIN
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: retroolschool
Hybrid Animals - Steam Train
Hybrid Animals - Steam Train
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: GameGrumps
MTU Hybrid PowerPack for rail cars saves up to 25% fuel
MTU Hybrid PowerPack for rail cars saves up to 25% fuel
Published: 2015/05/27
Channel: mtuengines
BT: DOST: Hybrid electric train, makababawas sa polusyon sa Metro Manila
BT: DOST: Hybrid electric train, makababawas sa polusyon sa Metro Manila
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: GMA News
Alien Visitors - Hybrid Train
Alien Visitors - Hybrid Train
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Voislav Trajkovski
[TRAIN] Hybrid Workout With NFL Running Back
[TRAIN] Hybrid Workout With NFL Running Back
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: Elliott Hulse's Strength Camp
Bus and Train hybrid
Bus and Train hybrid
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: Ultimate Viral Videos
PNR Hybrid Train (part 3)
PNR Hybrid Train (part 3)
Published: 2015/11/23
Channel: philippinerailways
Lionel
Lionel 'Vision Line' GE Evolution Hybrid
Published: 2010/03/06
Channel: ericstrains
Interview with the DOST electric hybrid train Project Leader (Television Performance)
Interview with the DOST electric hybrid train Project Leader (Television Performance)
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: Al-jhun Virgo
Superfast Express Train with Beautiful LHB Hybrid Coaches Climbing Thull Ghats (Kasara - Igatpuri)
Superfast Express Train with Beautiful LHB Hybrid Coaches Climbing Thull Ghats (Kasara - Igatpuri)
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: arzan1980
[KTM] 24119 with 82 Class EMU Hybrid Train departing KLO
[KTM] 24119 with 82 Class EMU Hybrid Train departing KLO
Published: 2010/08/18
Channel: TheNickLim
Japan Railway Journey   Battery Hybrid Trains PART 01
Japan Railway Journey Battery Hybrid Trains PART 01
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Tano- shii
Spanish Talgo 730 Hybrid Train bound from Madrid to A Coruna
Spanish Talgo 730 Hybrid Train bound from Madrid to A Coruna
Published: 2012/08/26
Channel: Bill Dixon
PNR Hybrid Train (part 1)
PNR Hybrid Train (part 1)
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: philippinerailways
Throwback: DOST-MIRDC Hybrid Electric Train as MISC-01 passing PNR Sta. Mesa Station
Throwback: DOST-MIRDC Hybrid Electric Train as MISC-01 passing PNR Sta. Mesa Station
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: mmzrailfan 919
UB: Hybrid road train na parang bus, dinevelop ng DOST
UB: Hybrid road train na parang bus, dinevelop ng DOST
Published: 2014/08/28
Channel: GMA News
DOST HYBRID TRAIN TEST RUN
DOST HYBRID TRAIN TEST RUN
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: bolinaotex
Hybrid Train is Powered by Hydrogen
Hybrid Train is Powered by Hydrogen
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: Laboratory Equipment
Saksi: Hybrid road train na gawang-Pinoy, kayang sumuong sa baha
Saksi: Hybrid road train na gawang-Pinoy, kayang sumuong sa baha
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: GMA News
Tram-Train of Nordhausen: Die Hybrid-Straßenbahn von Nordhausen im MDR-TV
Tram-Train of Nordhausen: Die Hybrid-Straßenbahn von Nordhausen im MDR-TV
Published: 2009/03/16
Channel: lteco1hd
GE Hybrid Locomotive
GE Hybrid Locomotive
Published: 2011/11/11
Channel: Jamison Strouse
Hybrid Train
Hybrid Train
Published: 2015/06/27
Channel: HitechMom PH
Cebu BRT and HYBRID MAGLEV MONORAIL Train
Cebu BRT and HYBRID MAGLEV MONORAIL Train
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Jose Guardo Jr.
DOST-MIRDC Hybrid Electric Train (HET) and DEL 914 in intervalo mode passing Alabang area
DOST-MIRDC Hybrid Electric Train (HET) and DEL 914 in intervalo mode passing Alabang area
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: mmzrailfan 919
2016 Volvo XC90 T8 Plug-in Hybrid Power Train
2016 Volvo XC90 T8 Plug-in Hybrid Power Train
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Javier Mota
Diesel Hybrid Trains Japan
Diesel Hybrid Trains Japan's World Leading Technology Japan Railway Journal
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Norman Varos
KTM Komuter Hybrid Train hauled by 24107
KTM Komuter Hybrid Train hauled by 24107
Published: 2009/10/03
Channel: Kelvin Khew
DOST, inilunsad ang isang
DOST, inilunsad ang isang 'hybrid road train' na makatutulong sa pagresolba sa trapiko't polusyon
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: PTV
Rail Power Tech. Hybrid Locomotive on GovLiquidation.com
Rail Power Tech. Hybrid Locomotive on GovLiquidation.com
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Government Liquidation
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN ARRIVES IN LAVAL - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN ARRIVES IN LAVAL - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
Published: 2013/08/11
Channel: retroolschool
HYBRID Vs PURE LHB: Puri Shatabdi meets Yeswantpur Duronto Express...!
HYBRID Vs PURE LHB: Puri Shatabdi meets Yeswantpur Duronto Express...!
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Archie's Bhartiya Rail
Lego 12Volt/City hybrid train layout
Lego 12Volt/City hybrid train layout
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: Derek McRiner
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A hybrid train is a locomotive, railcar or train that uses an onboard rechargeable energy storage system (RESS), placed between the power source (often a diesel engine prime mover) and the traction transmission system connected to the wheels. Since most diesel locomotives are diesel-electric, they have all the components of a series hybrid transmission except the storage battery, making this a relatively simple prospect.

Surplus energy from the power source, or energy derived from regenerative braking, charges the storage system. During acceleration, stored energy is directed to the transmission system, boosting that available from the main power source. In existing designs, the storage system can be electric traction batteries, or a flywheel. The energy source is diesel, liquefied petroleum gas, or hydrogen (for fuel cells) and transmission is direct mechanical, electric or hydrostatic[citation needed].

Diesel electric locomotives may have most of what they need for regenerative braking since they might already use dynamic braking. This uses the traction motors as generators to absorb much of the train's energy, but without a way to store the generated electricity it is simply dumped into the atmosphere as heat with large rooftop resistor banks and cooling fans.

Using a storage system means that a non-fully electric train can use regenerative (as opposed to merely dynamic) braking, and even shut down the main power source whilst idling or stationary. Reducing energy consumption provides environmental benefits and economic savings.[1] A smaller scale version of the concept is found in hybrid automobiles, such as the chevy volt.

Development[edit]

The Patton Motor Car was a gas-electric hybrid system, although the term hybrid was not yet in use. William H. Patton filed for a patent on February 25, 1889; the drawings on his patent application resemble later descriptions of his first prototype.[2] Patton built a tram car that was in experimental service in Pullman, Illinois in 1891 and a small Patton locomotive was sold to a street railway company in Cedar Falls, Iowa in 1897. The latter used a 2-cylinder, 25 hp gasoline engine to drive a 220 volt generator that served to charge the 200 Ampere hour 100 cell lead acid battery in parallel with the traction motors. The engine ran at constant speed, with a shunt-wound generator that also served as an electric starter motor. A conventional series-parallel controller was used for the two 35 hp traction motors that drove the wheels of the locomotive.[3][4][5]

The term mixed drive train came to be used at the turn of twentieth century. The Pieper system was applied to Belgian (Vicinal tramway) and French (Compagnie des Chemins de Fer de Grande Banlieue) railcars as soon as 1911.[6][7] Thomas transmission, which is similar in design to the mechanical part of the Hybrid Synergy Drive, was used in the United Kingdom and tested in New Zealand in a NZR RM class railcar.[8]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

In 1986, Czechoslovak locomotive manufacturer ČKD built a prototype hybrid shunting locomotive termed the DA 600. The locomotive was powered a 190-kW diesel engine and four electric motors, with a maximum overall power 360 kW powered from batteries. The batteries were recharged while the diesel engine was running, by regenerative braking or from external electric power.[9]

After tests on the Railway test circuit Velim and some minor tweaks, the locomotive was lent to the Olomouc train depot and successfully operated there for ten years. Czechoslovak socialist economics failed to start mass production, mainly because of a lack of proper battery manufacturing capacities.[10]

Japan[edit]

The experimental "NE Train"

In May 2003, JR East started test runs using an "NE Train" ("New Energy") railcar, testing the system performance in cold regions.

The design had two 65-kilowatt fuel cells and six hydrogen tanks under the floor, with a lithium-ion battery on the roof. The test train was capable of 100 kilometres per hour (60 mph) with a range of 50–100 kilometres (30–60 mi) between hydrogen refills. Research was underway into the use of regenerative braking to recharge the test train's batteries, intending to increase the range further. JR had stated that it hoped to introduce the train into scheduled local service during the summer of 2007.[11] Technology tested on this train was incorporated in the KiHa E200 diesel/battery railcars entering service in 2007.

Hybrid Class HD300 locomotive

The first JR Freight Class HD300 shunting locomotive was delivered from Toshiba on 30 March 2010.[12] The new locomotive uses lithium ion batteries, and is designed to reduce exhaust emissions by at least 30% to 40% and noise levels by at least 10 dB compared with existing Class DE10 diesel locomotives.[13][14]

Multiple units[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

Russia[edit]

Sinara transport machines is developing the TEM9H, a hybrid version of its TEM9 series diesel shunting locomotives, at its Lyudinovsky Locomotive Plant. This is a 1,200 horsepower, four-axle, locomotive with lithium-ion batteries, supercondensers and AC motors. It is planned to be in production early in 2013.[15]

United Kingdom[edit]

Since 1936, a fleet of London Underground battery-electric locomotives have been used for engineering work on the Tube system. These locomotives operate from either third rail, or their battery bank and can be recharged on the move.

A Sunday-service operated on the Stourbridge Town Branch Line for a period of two years, using a flywheel-based energy storage system built by Parry People Movers. In 2008, a pair of British Rail Class 139 railcars were ordered to provide full service on the branch line from 2009 onwards.

During 2007, a modified Class 43 power car ran on the Great Central Railway and then as part of the Network Rail New Measurement Train (a 200-kilometre per hour track-recording train). The Hitachi developed system used a battery-assisted diesel-electric drive system; the hope being that it would demonstrate a cut in emissions by up to 50 percent and a reduction in fuel consumption costs of 20 percent.[16] The modified locomotive, named Hayabusa, was semi-permanently attached to a converted passenger carriage containing the battery bank during the testing period.

In February 2009, it was announced that Hitachi, as preferred contractors for the Intercity Express Programme (IEP) would deploy hybrid technology on the self-powered variants of the IEP trains. These trains would be capable of 200 kilometres per hour. Some hybrid-trains would also be bi-modal, allowing power to be taken from overhead lines.

North America[edit]

Railpower[edit]

A Green Goat hybrid shunting locomotive.

In 2004, Railpower Technologies, a Canadian company, began running pilots in the United States with the Green Goat shunting locomotives. The trials led to orders by the Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific Railways, starting in early 2005.

These diesel-electric hybrid trains are expected to cut emissions by up to 90 percent and to decrease fuel consumption by up to sixty percent, when compared to conventional diesel-powered locomotives. The "Green Goat" locomotives were intended to be used in marshalling yards.[17][18][19]

General Electric[edit]

General Electric (GE) put their hybrid locomotive[20] on display at Los Angeles Union Station on May 24, 2007.[21] The locomotive used regenerative braking and a bank of high-capacity batteries that GE was constructing to achieve its fuel savings and to achieve higher emissions standards than previous ordinary diesel locomotives. It was expected to join GE's current line of Evolution Series locomotives[22] as of May 2007.

Savannah, Georgia[edit]

The city of Savannah, Georgia tested the operation of a W class Melbourne tram in service as a biodiesel fuelled hybrid with on board battery storage in late 2008. Regular service along the River Street Streetcar started on February 11, 2009.[23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Technical Review NO.04(E" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  2. ^ W. H. Patton, Motor for Street Cars, U.S. Patent 409,116, granted Aug. 13, 1889.
  3. ^ The Patton Motor, The Street Railway Journal, Vol. VII, No. 10 (October, 1891); pages 513-514. Includes Photo.
  4. ^ The Patton Motor Car, The Railway World, Vol. VII, (April 7, 1898); pages 114-115. Includes photo and drawing.
  5. ^ The Patton Motor Car, English Mechanic and World of Science, no. 1713 (Jan. 21, 1898); page 524.
  6. ^ (French) La Nature, 1921
  7. ^ (French) Bulletin de la société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale, 1924
  8. ^ The Motoring World, 28 July 1915 in The Straits Times.
  9. ^ "rada 718 / series 718". Prototypy.cz. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  10. ^ "V Japonsku se bude jezdit hybridním vlakem - ŽelPage [www.zelpage.cz]". Zelpage.cz. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  11. ^ "JR tests fuel cell hybrid train". Pink Tentacle. 2006-10-19. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  12. ^ "甲種鉄道車両輸送計画表" [New rolling stock delivery schedule]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Vol. 39 no. 312. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. April 2010. p. 124. 
  13. ^ JR Freight press release: "新型入換専用機関車(試作)の形式名とデザインについて" (Class name and design of new shunting locomotive prototype) (10 February 2010). Retrieved 10 February 2010. (Japanese)
  14. ^ 国内初のHV機関車 JR貨物が試作車を報道陣に公開 [JR Freight unveils prototype of Japan's first hybrid locomotive to media]. The Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan. 25 March 2010. Archived from the original on March 29, 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  15. ^ "Russia's First Hybrid Locomotive Prototype Will Be Ready Before 2012". Railwayobserver.com. 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  16. ^ Milner, Mark (2006-10-16). "The next train will be eco-friendly". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  17. ^ https://www.wired.com/news/planet/0,2782,66998,00.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  18. ^ Canadian Pacific Railway to acquire first hybrid locomotives Archived January 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ UP: Union Pacific Bases First Hybrid Locomotive in California[dead link]
  20. ^ GE Ecomagination Archived August 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ UK, DVV Media. "GE unveils hybrid locomotive". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  22. ^ GE Unveils First Hybrid Road Locomotive Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "River Street Streetcar begins passenger service today". City of Savannah News. February 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  24. ^ "DOT Savannah". Retrieved 2009-06-25. 

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