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1
GE
GE's NEW Hybrid Locomotive
::2007/05/21::
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2
Hybrid Train by MTU
Hybrid Train by MTU
::2012/10/12::
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3
Hybrid Train is Powered by Hydrogen
Hybrid Train is Powered by Hydrogen
::2012/08/23::
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4
Hybrid train ハイブリッド鉄道車両 会津のSLの部屋
Hybrid train ハイブリッド鉄道車両 会津のSLの部屋
::2007/08/10::
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UB: Hybrid road train na parang bus, dinevelop ng DOST
UB: Hybrid road train na parang bus, dinevelop ng DOST
::2014/08/27::
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6
HYBRID LHB TRAIN : INDIAN RAILWAYS ( 12542 LTT- GKP : SANT KABIR DHAM EXPRESS)   THULL GHAT KASARA
HYBRID LHB TRAIN : INDIAN RAILWAYS ( 12542 LTT- GKP : SANT KABIR DHAM EXPRESS) THULL GHAT KASARA
::2013/11/29::
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7
Hybrid Power Train - CRZ.wmv
Hybrid Power Train - CRZ.wmv
::2012/12/28::
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8
Resort Asunaro リゾートあすなろHB-E300系 Hybrid Train
Resort Asunaro リゾートあすなろHB-E300系 Hybrid Train
::2013/02/22::
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9
【快速】HB-E300系RESORT HYBRID TRAIN リゾートビューふるさと安茂里駅通過+しなの鉄道115系S9編成
【快速】HB-E300系RESORT HYBRID TRAIN リゾートビューふるさと安茂里駅通過+しなの鉄道115系S9編成
::2014/03/24::
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10
29000 Class/8300 class hybrid train !
29000 Class/8300 class hybrid train !
::2012/08/07::
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11
Learn Rockabilly Blues electric guitar Brian Setzer inspired hybrid picking Mystery Train style
Learn Rockabilly Blues electric guitar Brian Setzer inspired hybrid picking Mystery Train style
::2012/11/05::
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12
Spanish Talgo 730 Hybrid Train bound from Madrid to A Coruna
Spanish Talgo 730 Hybrid Train bound from Madrid to A Coruna
::2012/08/26::
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13
Paignton level crossing and station (with hybrid train)
Paignton level crossing and station (with hybrid train)
::2011/08/12::
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14
KTM Komuter Hybrid Train Class 24 KL Sentral Klang
KTM Komuter Hybrid Train Class 24 KL Sentral Klang
::2010/12/05::
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15
2010.9.18 JAPAN HYBRID TRAIN リゾートビューふるさと 上野駅展示会
2010.9.18 JAPAN HYBRID TRAIN リゾートビューふるさと 上野駅展示会
::2010/09/18::
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16
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN IN ST THERESE - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN IN ST THERESE - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
::2013/08/27::
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17
JR小海線キハE200形小諸駅発車/Hybrid Train Kiha E200 series/2013.08.13
JR小海線キハE200形小諸駅発車/Hybrid Train Kiha E200 series/2013.08.13
::2013/08/17::
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18
小諸駅 JR E200系
小諸駅 JR E200系'Hybrid train' 110系 Shinano鉄道
::2008/02/07::
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19
Japan Hybrid Train Aomori Sta.Dep. リゾートあすなろ青森駅発車シーン
Japan Hybrid Train Aomori Sta.Dep. リゾートあすなろ青森駅発車シーン
::2012/07/10::
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20
Red Oxx Sky Train: Introduction to a Carry On Hybrid Backpack Bag
Red Oxx Sky Train: Introduction to a Carry On Hybrid Backpack Bag
::2011/03/02::
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21
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN ARRIVES IN LAVAL - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN ARRIVES IN LAVAL - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
::2013/08/11::
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22
[KTM] 24119 with 82 Class EMU Hybrid Train departing KLO
[KTM] 24119 with 82 Class EMU Hybrid Train departing KLO
::2010/08/18::
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23
2014 Lexus GS 450h With its hybrid gas electric power train
2014 Lexus GS 450h With its hybrid gas electric power train
::2013/12/25::
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24
KTM Komuter Hybrid Train hauled by 24107
KTM Komuter Hybrid Train hauled by 24107
::2009/10/03::
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25
HYBRID TRAIN こうみ CM (千本桜)
HYBRID TRAIN こうみ CM (千本桜)
::2013/12/09::
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26
Class 153 and 150 Hybrid train - 3 cars FGW
Class 153 and 150 Hybrid train - 3 cars FGW
::2012/01/14::
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27
Class 153 and 158 Hybrid train First Great Western UNUSUAL
Class 153 and 158 Hybrid train First Great Western UNUSUAL
::2012/01/14::
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28
HB-E300系 リゾートあすなろ Hybrid Train Resort Asunaro
HB-E300系 リゾートあすなろ Hybrid Train Resort Asunaro
::2012/09/19::
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29
[KTM] 24108 with EMU48 Hybrid Train
[KTM] 24108 with EMU48 Hybrid Train
::2010/08/18::
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30
RESORT HYBRID TRAIN ふるさと CM(千本桜)
RESORT HYBRID TRAIN ふるさと CM(千本桜)
::2013/12/03::
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31
MONTREAL AMT COMMUTER TRAIN - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
MONTREAL AMT COMMUTER TRAIN - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
::2013/09/23::
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32
JR小海線・ハイブリッド列車  JR Koumi line - hybrid train
JR小海線・ハイブリッド列車 JR Koumi line - hybrid train
::2010/01/14::
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33
Hybrid 3 Way & Train Exit Skydive Cuautla
Hybrid 3 Way & Train Exit Skydive Cuautla
::2014/01/19::
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34
CN FRIEGHT TRAIN / LONE AMT HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
CN FRIEGHT TRAIN / LONE AMT HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
::2014/03/17::
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35
LEGO train Power Function-9V hybrid EMU-600 from TRA(taiwan railway administration)
LEGO train Power Function-9V hybrid EMU-600 from TRA(taiwan railway administration)
::2011/02/12::
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36
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN ACTION - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
AMT COMMUTER TRAIN ACTION - HYBRID LOCOMOTIVE
::2013/05/14::
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37
[KTM] 25109 with 82 Class EMU Hybrid Train departing KL Sentral
[KTM] 25109 with 82 Class EMU Hybrid Train departing KL Sentral
::2010/08/18::
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38
"Cross Train" workout FULL EPISODE hybrid cross training and strength Real Hollywood Trainer
"Cross Train" workout FULL EPISODE hybrid cross training and strength Real Hollywood Trainer
::2013/05/16::
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39
1-Minute Manager
1-Minute Manager's Edge: Oerlikon Fairfield Hybrid Electric Drive Train
::2014/03/06::
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40
Rail Power Tech. Hybrid Locomotive on GovLiquidation.com
Rail Power Tech. Hybrid Locomotive on GovLiquidation.com
::2014/08/08::
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41
Resort Hybrid Train (JR南武線西国立駅付近、青柳踏切にて)
Resort Hybrid Train (JR南武線西国立駅付近、青柳踏切にて)
::2010/06/03::
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42
【AQUAのCM風】HYBRID TRAIN こうみ(キハE200)を勝手に宣伝してみた【回送】
【AQUAのCM風】HYBRID TRAIN こうみ(キハE200)を勝手に宣伝してみた【回送】
::2014/05/10::
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43
Hybrid Railway Freight Engine GE 2010 : innovation track
Hybrid Railway Freight Engine GE 2010 : innovation track
::2007/08/11::
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44
The HYBRID Soul Train Line after seven
The HYBRID Soul Train Line after seven
::2014/05/04::
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45
Hybrid train: Water & sugar-powered
Hybrid train: Water & sugar-powered
::2012/12/10::
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46
2004 Orion VII Hybrid 6485 On The A Train Subway Shuttle @ Lefferts Blvd & Liberty Avenue
2004 Orion VII Hybrid 6485 On The A Train Subway Shuttle @ Lefferts Blvd & Liberty Avenue
::2013/10/08::
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47
Prototype Series Hybrid Drive Train
Prototype Series Hybrid Drive Train
::2009/07/28::
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48
The Fancy HYBRID Soul Train Line
The Fancy HYBRID Soul Train Line
::2014/05/24::
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49
a HYBRID soul train night to remember
a HYBRID soul train night to remember
::2014/04/24::
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The Ultimate hybrid train
The Ultimate hybrid train
::2012/09/13::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For combined steam and diesel locomotives, see Steam diesel hybrid locomotive.

A hybrid train is a locomotive, railcar or train that uses an onboard rechargeable energy storage system (RESS), placed between the power source (often a diesel engine prime mover) and the traction transmission system connected to the wheels. Since most diesel locomotives are diesel-electric, they have all the components of a series hybrid transmission except the storage battery, making this a relatively simple prospect.

Surplus energy from the power source, or energy derived from regenerative braking, charges the storage system. During acceleration, stored energy is directed to the transmission system, boosting that available from the main power source. In existing designs, the storage system can be electric traction batteries, or a flywheel. The energy source is diesel, liquefied petroleum gas, or hydrogen (for fuel cells) and transmission is direct mechanical, electric or hydrostatic[citation needed].

Diesel electric locomotives have high potential for energy savings when using dynamic braking, which use the traction motors as generators to stop the train. Without a way to recover and store the braking energy, these engines currently have no option other than to transfer it into the atmosphere as heat, using large electric heating elements and high velocity cooling fans.

Using a storage system means that a non-fully electric train can use dynamic braking, and even shut down the main power source whilst idling or stationary. Reducing energy consumption provides environmental benefits and economic savings.[1] A smaller scale version of the concept is found in hybrid automobiles, such as the Toyota Prius.

Development[edit]

The hybrid train was conceived, under a slightly different name, mixed drive train, at the turn of twentieth century. Pieper system was applied to Belgian (Vicinal tramway) and French (Compagnie des Chemins de Fer de Grande Banlieue) railcars as soon as 1911.[2][3] Thomas transmission, which is similar in design to the mechanical part of the Hybrid Synergy Drive, was used in the United Kingdom and tested in New-Zealand in a NZR RM class railcar.[4]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

In 1986, Czechoslovak locomotive manufacturer ČKD built a prototype hybrid shunting locomotive termed the DA 600. The locomotive was powered a 190-kW diesel engine and four electric motors, with a maximum overall power 360 kW powered from batteries. The batteries were recharged while the diesel engine was running, by regenerative braking or from external electric power.[5]

After tests on the Railway test circuit Velim and some minor tweaks, the locomotive was lent to the Olomouc train depot and successfully operated there for ten years. Czechoslovak socialist economics failed to start mass production, mainly because of a lack of proper battery manufacturing capacities.[6]

Japan[edit]

In May 2003, JR East started test runs using a NE (New Energy) train, testing the system performance in cold regions.

The design had two 65-kilowatt fuel cells and six hydrogen tanks under the floor, with a lithium-ion battery on the roof. The test train was capable of 100 kilometres per hour (60 mph) with a range of 50–100 kilometres (30–60 mi) between hydrogen refills. Research was underway into the use of regenerative braking to recharge the test train's batteries, intending to increase the range further. JR had stated that it hoped to introduce the train into scheduled local service during the summer of 2007.[7] This production version became the KiHa E200 diesel/battery railcar.

The prototype locomotive, HD300-901, was delivered from the Toshiba factory in Fuchū, Tokyo to Tokyo Freight Terminal on 30 March 2010.[8] The new locomotive uses lithium ion batteries, and is designed to reduce exhaust emissions by at least 30% to 40% and noise levels by at least 10 dB compared with existing Class DE10 diesel locomotives. Externally, the locomotive is finished in a bright red livery to aid visibility, with yellow and black diagonal warning stripes at the ends.[9][10]

Russia[edit]

Sinara transport machines is developing the TEM9H, a hybrid version of its TEM9 series diesel shunting locomotives, at its Lyudinovsky Locomotive Plant. This is a 1,200 horsepower, four-axle, locomotive with lithium-ion batteries, supercondensers and AC motors. It is planned to be in production early in 2013.[11]

United Kingdom[edit]

Since 1936, a fleet of London Underground battery-electric locomotives have been used for engineering work on the Tube system. These locomotives operate from either third rail, or their battery bank and can be recharged on the move.

A Sunday-service operated on the Stourbridge Town Branch Line for a period of two years, using a flywheel-based energy storage system built by Parry People Movers. In 2008, a pair of British Rail Class 139 railcars were ordered to provide full service on the branch line from 2009 onwards.

During 2007, a modified Class 43 power car ran on the Great Central Railway and then as part of the Network Rail New Measurement Train (a 200-kilometre per hour track-recording train). The Hitachi developed system used a battery-assisted diesel-electric drive system; the hope being that it would demonstrate a cut in emissions by up to 50 percent and a reduction in fuel consumption costs of 20 percent.[12] The modified locomotive, named Hayabusa, was semi-permanently attached to a converted passenger carriage containing the battery bank during the testing period.

In February 2009, it was announced that Hitachi, as preferred contractors for the Intercity Express Programme (IEP) would deploy hybrid technology on the self-powered variants of the IEP trains. These trains would be capable of 200 kilometres per hour. Some hybrid-trains would also be bi-modal, allowing power to be taken from overhead lines.

North America[edit]

Railpower[edit]

A Green Goat hybrid shunting locomotive.

In 2004, Railpower Technologies, a Canadian company, began running pilots in the United States with the Green Goat shunting locomotives. The trials led to orders by the Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific Railways, starting in early 2005.

These diesel-electric hybrid trains are expected to cut emissions by up to 90 percent and to decrease fuel consumption by up to sixty percent, when compared to conventional diesel-powered locomotives. The "Green Goat" locomotives were intended to be used in marshalling yards.[13][14][15]

General Electric[edit]

General Electric (GE) put[when?] their hybrid locomotive[16] on display at Los Angeles Union Station. The locomotive used regenerative braking and a bank of high-capacity batteries that GE was constructing to achieve its fuel savings and to achieve higher emissions standards than previous ordinary diesel locomotives. It was expected to join GE's current line of Evolution Series locomotives[17] as of May 2007.

Savannah, Georgia[edit]

The city of Savannah, Georgia tested the operation of a W class Melbourne tram in service as a biodiesel fuelled hybrid with on board battery storage in late 2008. Regular service along the River Street Streetcar started on February 11, 2009.[18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Technical Review NO.04(E" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  2. ^ (French) La Nature, 1921
  3. ^ (French) Bulletin de la société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale, 1924
  4. ^ The Motoring World, 28 July 1915 in The Straits Times.
  5. ^ "rada 718 / series 718". Prototypy.cz. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  6. ^ "V Japonsku se bude jezdit hybridním vlakem - ŽelPage [www.zelpage.cz]". Zelpage.cz. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  7. ^ "JR tests fuel cell hybrid train". Pink Tentacle. 2006-10-19. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  8. ^ "甲種鉄道車両輸送計画表 (New rolling stock delivery schedule)". Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 39 (312): p.124. April 2010. 
  9. ^ JR Freight press release: "新型入換専用機関車(試作)の形式名とデザインについて" (Class name and design of new shunting locomotive prototype) (10 February 2010). Retrieved 10 February 2010. (Japanese)
  10. ^ "国内初のHV機関車 JR貨物が試作車を報道陣に公開" [JR Freight unveils prototype of Japan's first hybrid locomotive to media]. The Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese) (Japan). 25 March 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "Russia's First Hybrid Locomotive Prototype Will Be Ready Before 2012". Railwayobserver.com. 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 
  12. ^ Milner, Mark (2006-10-16). "The next train will be eco-friendly". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  13. ^ http://www.wired.com/news/planet/0,2782,66998,00.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  14. ^ Canadian Pacific Railway to acquire first hybrid locomotives
  15. ^ UP: Union Pacific Bases First Hybrid Locomotive in California[dead link]
  16. ^ GE Ecomagination[dead link]
  17. ^ GE Unveils First Hybrid Road Locomotive[dead link]
  18. ^ "River Street Streetcar begins passenger service today". City of Savannah News. February 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  19. ^ "DOT Savannah". Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
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