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iOS 12
A version of the iOS operating system
IOS 12 logo.svg
IOS 12 Homescreen iPhone X.png
iOS 12 running on an iPhone X
Developer Apple Inc.
Source model Closed with open-source components
Initial release September 17, 2018
Latest release 12.0[1] (16A366)[2] (September 17, 2018; 3 days ago (2018-09-17)) [±]
Latest preview 12.1 beta 1[3] (16B5059d)[4] (September 18, 2018; 2 days ago (2018-09-18)) [±]
Platforms
Kernel type Hybrid (XNU)
License Proprietary software with open-source components
Preceded by iOS 11
Official website www.apple.com/ios/ios-12/
Support status
Fully Supported

iOS 12 is the twelfth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 11. It was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference on June 4, 2018. It is similar in aesthetics to iOS 11, but contains numerous performance, battery life improvements and security updates, in addition to added functionalities within some apps. It was released to the public on September 17, 2018.[5]

History[edit]

Introduction and initial release[edit]

iOS 12 was introduced by Craig Federighi at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference keynote address on June 4, 2018.[6] The first developer beta version was released after the keynote presentation,[7] with the first public beta releasing three weeks after on June 25, 2018.[8]

System features[edit]

Performance[edit]

Performance optimizations were made in order to speed up common tasks across all supported iOS devices.[9] Tests done by Apple on an iPhone 6 Plus showed apps launching 40 percent faster, the system keyboard activating 50 percent faster, and the camera opening 70 percent faster.[10]

Screen Time[edit]

The screen time usage information screen in iOS 12 while in the iPhone X

A new feature allows users to track how much time they are spending on their devices and what they are doing. The system provides reports broken into categories and timeframes.[11]

Shortcuts[edit]

A dedicated application in iOS 12 allows users to set up Shortcuts, automated actions that the user can ask Siri to perform.[11] It replaces the Workflow app[12] that Apple acquired in March, 2017.[13]

ARKit 2[edit]

ARKit now allows users to share their view with other iPhones.[14] ARKit 2 additionally allows full 2D image tracking and incorporates the ability to detect 3D objects.[15]

CarPlay[edit]

CarPlay can now run third-party navigation applications.[11]

iPad[edit]

iPads can now use the gestures that are found on the iPhone X.[10] When pulling up the dock whilst in an app, this gesture is now used to return to the home screen.

The Voice Memos and Stocks apps are now available for iPads.[16]

Control Center is now separated from the app switcher on iPad.[17]

App features[edit]

Messages[edit]

Messages in iOS 12 introduces a new type of customizable Animoji called "Memoji" which allows a user to create a 3D character of themselves. Apple also introduced Koala, Tiger, Ghost and T-Rex Animojis.[18]

FaceTime[edit]

FaceTime gains support for Animoji and Memoji.[10]

A future software update, slated for later in autumn 2018, will add the ability to include up to 32 people in a FaceTime conversation.[19]

Measure[edit]

Measure is a new native AR application that allows the user to take measurements. It also works as a level[10], which was a feature originally in the Compass app.

Photos[edit]

Photos now supports suggestions through a "For You" section and will make sharing recommendations.[10]

Notifications[edit]

Notifications are now grouped and have a "manage" tab, to turn off notifications for that app or to deliver them quietly.[20]

Do Not Disturb[edit]

Do Not Disturb now has a feature called "Do Not Disturb During Bedtime" to automatically send notifications to history, send calls to voicemail (can be changed to Favorites/Repeated calls) and has a darker screen to assist sleep.[20] However, if the user taps the screen (or when the user's wake time passes) notifications are shown.[11][20]

Voice Memos & Stocks[edit]

The Voice Memos and Stocks apps are now on iPads. Voice Memos and Stocks have had a design refresh, and the latter has integrated Apple News.[21]

Apple Books[edit]

iBooks was renamed Apple Books, and the app was refreshed, with a Discover Tab, Book Store, and more.[22]

Safari[edit]

Safari receives an update to Intelligent Tracking Prevention. This includes a feature which allows the user to disable social media "like" and "share" buttons.[23]

Maps[edit]

Apple Maps has been "rebuilt" by relying on first-party map data instead of using map data provided by third parties.[24]

Screen Time[edit]

Screen Time is a new feature in iOS 12 that can record the time spent on the device as well as for certain types of apps.[citation needed]

Supported devices[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Juli Clover (September 17, 2018). "Apple Releases iOS 12 With Faster Performance, Memoji, Siri Shortcuts, Screen Time, Revamped Maps App, ARKit 2.0, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  2. ^ "iOS 12 (16A366) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  3. ^ Juli Clover (September 20, 2018). "Apple Seeds First Beta of iOS 12.1 to Public Beta Testers With Group FaceTime". MacRumors. Retrieved September 20, 2018. 
  4. ^ "iOS 12.1 beta (16AB5059d) - Releases - Apple Developer". developer.apple.com. September 18, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Apple Releases iOS 12 With Faster Performance, Memoji, Siri Shortcuts, Screen Time, Revamped Maps App, ARKit 2.0, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved 2018-09-17. 
  6. ^ "Live From WWDC 2018: Coverage of Apple's Keynote with iOS 12, macOS 10.14, and More". Retrieved 2018-07-02. 
  7. ^ "First Beta of iOS 12 Now Available for Registered Developers". Retrieved 2018-07-02. 
  8. ^ "Apple Releases First Public Beta of iOS 12". Retrieved 2018-07-02. 
  9. ^ Cunningham, Andrew (September 17, 2018). "iOS 12 on the iPhone 5S, iPhone 6 Plus, and iPad Mini 2: It's actually faster!". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved September 18, 2018. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "The 17 biggest new features coming to the iPhone with iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 4 June 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Apple shows how iOS 12 will change your next iPhone". USA TODAY. Retrieved 4 June 2018. 
  12. ^ Warren, Tom (September 17, 2018). "Apple's Siri Shortcuts app now available for iOS 12". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  13. ^ Bohn, Dieter (March 22, 2017). "Apple bought the best utility app for the iPhone, Workflow". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 17, 2018. 
  14. ^ Kelly, Heather. "iOS 12 highlights: Memoji, tech addiction tool, group FaceTime". CNNMoney. 
  15. ^ "ARKit - Apple Developer". developer.apple.com. Retrieved 2018-07-09. 
  16. ^ Ashlee Clark Thompson (June 4, 2018). "Apple's Stocks, Voice Memo apps will be available for iPad, Mac". 
  17. ^ Christian Zibreg (June 5, 2018). "On iOS 12, iPhone X owners no longer need to hold down on apps to force-close them". 
  18. ^ Dolcourt, Jessica (4 June 2018). "iOS 12: Siri shortcuts, group FaceTime and 'Memoji' Animoji of you". CNET. 
  19. ^ "Apple Removes Group FaceTime From iOS 12 and macOS Mojave, Says It'll Launch Later This Year". Retrieved 2018-08-13. 
  20. ^ a b c "How Do Not Disturb and Notifications will change in iOS 12". iMore. Retrieved 2018-06-11. 
  21. ^ "Apple's Stocks, Voice Memo apps will be available for iPad, Mac". CNET. 2018-06-04. Retrieved 2018-06-07. 
  22. ^ "iBooks gets a redesign and new Apple Books branding in iOS 12". The Verge. Retrieved 2018-06-23. 
  23. ^ Keizer, Gregg. "Apple pushes privacy theme in Safari for iOS 12, 'Mojave'". Computerworld. Retrieved 2018-06-23. 
  24. ^ "Apple is rebuilding Maps from the ground up". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2018-08-13. 

External links[edit]

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