Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
ISO 15919
ISO 15919
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Writing Sanskrit- samskṛta  akṣarams through dēva nāgari and  ISO 15919 standard
Writing Sanskrit- samskṛta akṣarams through dēva nāgari and ISO 15919 standard
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Vasudeva Kriya Yoga With Rajendra
15919
15919
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: 立教太郎
Mul Mantra, Bhai Anup Singh Una Sahib Wale
Mul Mantra, Bhai Anup Singh Una Sahib Wale
Published: 2009/10/02
Channel: Amrik Singh
Bhagavad Gita (Sanskrit & English) iPhone & iPad review
Bhagavad Gita (Sanskrit & English) iPhone & iPad review
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: NIAPs
Sri Lankan Civil War (by naveenvathy)
Sri Lankan Civil War (by naveenvathy)
Published: 2009/02/22
Channel: Naveenvathy
How to clean the Mighty Vaporizer
How to clean the Mighty Vaporizer
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: 420 Vapezone
IMDAVISS vs ORLANDO - UNDEFEATED AGAINST DRIBBLE GODS!!!
IMDAVISS vs ORLANDO - UNDEFEATED AGAINST DRIBBLE GODS!!!
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: OrlandoinChicago
NBA 2K17 TOP 10 CRAZY ENDING REACTIONS!!!!
NBA 2K17 TOP 10 CRAZY ENDING REACTIONS!!!!
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Magurkk
Do those Eyeball thingies work??
Do those Eyeball thingies work??
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Booth Junkie
NBA2K17- TYPES OF LEGENDS! WHAT BEING IMMORTALIZED REALLY MEANS!!
NBA2K17- TYPES OF LEGENDS! WHAT BEING IMMORTALIZED REALLY MEANS!!
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: LaMonsta
Running Shoe Overview: Saucony Zealot ISO
Running Shoe Overview: Saucony Zealot ISO
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Holabird Sports
ISO, Diafragma(f/?) ,Obturador.( 1/?) fotografia.
ISO, Diafragma(f/?) ,Obturador.( 1/?) fotografia.
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: Erick Del moral DM photography
PS1 Longplay: Spyro the Dragon (PAL - English) HD (Blindish)
PS1 Longplay: Spyro the Dragon (PAL - English) HD (Blindish)
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: MediEvilFan 147
Rush Tom Sawyer drum isolation track
Rush Tom Sawyer drum isolation track
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Brian Kulchycki
Canon Rebel SL2/EOS 200D - SnapChick Review
Canon Rebel SL2/EOS 200D - SnapChick Review
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: TheSnapChick
ISO 14644
ISO 14644
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
ÇA TOURNE MAL EXPLICATION | ISO MOD Ark Fr #Ep6
ÇA TOURNE MAL EXPLICATION | ISO MOD Ark Fr #Ep6
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Ionix_Tv
World-first Canon EOS 6D Mark II Astrophotography Time-lapse
World-first Canon EOS 6D Mark II Astrophotography Time-lapse
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Canon Australia
Top 8 Best Parkour Games For Android & iOS
Top 8 Best Parkour Games For Android & iOS
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: VinIsHere
State Song of Tamil Nadu - Invocation to Tamil Mother
State Song of Tamil Nadu - Invocation to Tamil Mother
Published: 2012/10/15
Channel: jagdishmamtadhodyॐΨ MamtaGITA23PRESS DhodyΨॐ
Les alphabets de Sanskrit en Francais
Les alphabets de Sanskrit en Francais
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Apprendre en français
Rotring Rapidograph vs Isograph
Rotring Rapidograph vs Isograph
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Teoh Yi Chie
Call of duty Black ops - ISO mod menu TuTorial
Call of duty Black ops - ISO mod menu TuTorial
Published: 2011/03/14
Channel: EvilShadows123
Get better at Drawing | Artistic Skills Improvement Subliminal
Get better at Drawing | Artistic Skills Improvement Subliminal
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Mind Audio Central
Up your PHOTOGRAPHY COMPOSITION game with SUBFRAMING
Up your PHOTOGRAPHY COMPOSITION game with SUBFRAMING
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: The Art of Photography
How to Download and Install Ubuntu  ISO in Virtualbox
How to Download and Install Ubuntu ISO in Virtualbox
Published: 2012/05/02
Channel: TheTechCub
2 Simple Gel Techniques for Incredible Effect
2 Simple Gel Techniques for Incredible Effect
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: SLR Lounge | Photography Tutorials
BEST RECORD 90 OVR?! SHARPSHOOTER SIGNATURE STYLES - NBA 2K18
BEST RECORD 90 OVR?! SHARPSHOOTER SIGNATURE STYLES - NBA 2K18
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: Quil TNB
YOU dont know how to train!
YOU dont know how to train!
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: bios3training
Benefits of Pranayama
Benefits of Pranayama
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Vasudeva Kriya Yoga With Rajendra
Fuji Guys - FUJIFILM X-T20 - Top Features
Fuji Guys - FUJIFILM X-T20 - Top Features
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Fuji Guys Channel
Loc Saint-"Never Get Sleep" (Ft.Soldado)
Loc Saint-"Never Get Sleep" (Ft.Soldado)
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: Loc Saint
Improving the vertex rotary table - Part 2
Improving the vertex rotary table - Part 2
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Stefan Gotteswinter
Descarga  EPIC ISO DBZ TTT BT3 V11 BY THE GOD
Descarga EPIC ISO DBZ TTT BT3 V11 BY THE GOD
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: THE ALEXANDER
Panasonic GH5 MINI REVIEW is this the BEST CAMERA for YouTube?
Panasonic GH5 MINI REVIEW is this the BEST CAMERA for YouTube?
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Armando Ferreira
ARK ZOO - 45 : Aménagement des Titanoboas et déco des Grenouilles
ARK ZOO - 45 : Aménagement des Titanoboas et déco des Grenouilles
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Nessendyl Gaming
My Biggest Lightroom Workflow Secret
My Biggest Lightroom Workflow Secret
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Serge Ramelli
On the move with Rick Wilking and the Sony a9
On the move with Rick Wilking and the Sony a9
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: dpreview com
Anos 50 - Nacionais - 15 Êxitos - Vol. [01]
Anos 50 - Nacionais - 15 Êxitos - Vol. [01]
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Aloisio Bruno
Panasonic GH4 Needs a Minimum Shutter Speed Setting
Panasonic GH4 Needs a Minimum Shutter Speed Setting
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: mpgxsvcd
TAMIL EELAM
TAMIL EELAM
Published: 2013/02/10
Channel: ¨¨Nishant¨¨
LIMBUKAN PERCIL YUDHA SEPTEMBER 2017 DI PONOROGO
LIMBUKAN PERCIL YUDHA SEPTEMBER 2017 DI PONOROGO
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Tradisi Jawa
Sony A7S SLOG 2 Workflow
Sony A7S SLOG 2 Workflow
Published: 2015/04/07
Channel: Camera & Lens Review
Recuperar la contraseña de Windows 7 sin CD si la olvidas
Recuperar la contraseña de Windows 7 sin CD si la olvidas
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Spot Windows
DESCARGAR CRASH BASH-MEDIAFIRE (PORTABLE)
DESCARGAR CRASH BASH-MEDIAFIRE (PORTABLE)
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: Daniel Peñuela
#39 Wedding Photography | Best Settings | Photography in Tamil
#39 Wedding Photography | Best Settings | Photography in Tamil
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: V2K (Tamil) Photography
Sanskrit class 3
Sanskrit class 3
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: Karthik Vaidhinathan
ماجد لفى الديحاني _ ارجع مثل ما كنت _
ماجد لفى الديحاني _ ارجع مثل ما كنت _
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: الـنـمـر // AL__NMR
Meizu E2 Unboxing And Hands-On Review (English)
Meizu E2 Unboxing And Hands-On Review (English)
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: TechTablets.com
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

ISO 15919 "Transliteration of Devanagari and related Indic scripts into Latin characters" is one of a series of international standards for romanization. It was published in 2001 and uses diacritics to map the much larger set of consonants and vowels in Brahmic scripts to the Latin script.

Overview[edit]

ISO 15919 transliterations
ISO 7-bit
ISO
Deva Arab Kthi Beng Guru Gujr Orya Modi Taml Telu Knda Mlym Sinh Count
a a اَ 𑂃 𑘀 10
ā aa آ 𑂄 𑘁 10
æ ae 1
ǣ aee 1
i i اِ 𑂅 𑘂 10
ī ii اِی 𑂆 𑘃 10
u u اُ 𑂇 𑘄 10
ū uu اُو 𑂈 𑘅 10
ŭ ^u 1
,r رْ 𑘆 8
r̥̄ ,rr ړ 𑘇 8
,l ڶ 𑘈 8
l̥̄ ,ll ڵ 𑘉 8
e e اٝ 6
ē ee اے 𑂉 𑘊 10
ê ^e 2
ai ai اَے 𑂊 𑘋 10
o o اٗ 6
ō oo او 𑂋 𑘌 10
ô ^o 2
au au اَو 𑂌 𑘍 10
 ;m ں 𑂁 𑘽 10
.m 1
~m ں 𑂀 𑘿 N/A 6
^n 1
.h ه 𑂂 𑘾 9
_h 2
^h 2
_k 1
k k ك 𑂍 𑘎 10
kh kh کھ 𑂎 𑘏 9
g g گ 𑂏 𑘐 9
gh gh گھ 𑂐 𑘑 9
 ;n ڠ 𑂑 𑘒 10
n̆g 1
c c چ 𑂒 𑘓 10
ĉ ^c 1
ch ch چھ 𑂓 𑘔 9
j j ج 𑂔 𑘕 10
jh jh جھ 𑂕 𑘖 9
ñ n ڃ 𑂖 𑘗 10
n̆j 1
.t ٹ 𑂗 𑘘 10
ṭh .th ٹھ 𑂘 𑘙 9
.d ڈ 𑂙 𑘚 9
.r ड़ ڑ 𑂚 ড় ଡ଼ 4
ḍh .dh ڈھ 𑂛 𑘛 9
ṛh .rh ढ़ ڑھ 𑂜 ঢ় ଢ଼ 3
.n ڹ 𑂝 𑘜 10
n̆ḍ 1
t t ت 𑂞 𑘝 10
th th تھ 𑂟 𑘞 9
d d د 𑂠 𑘟 9
dh dh دھ 𑂡 𑘠 9
n n ن 𑂢 𑘡 10
n̆d 1
p p پ 𑂣 𑘢 10
ph ph پھ 𑂤 𑘣 9
b b ب 𑂥 𑘤 9
bh bh بھ 𑂦 𑘥 9
m m م 𑂧 𑘦 10
m̆b 1
_r ڔ 5
_t 1
_n ڽ 3
_l ڎ N/A 5
y y ي 𑂨 𑘧 10
 ;y य़ য় 3
r r ر 𑂩 𑘨 10
^r ऱ् 1
l l ل 𑂪 𑘩 10
.l ۻ ਲ਼ 𑘯 9
v v و 𑂫 𑘪 10
ś  ;s ش 𑂮 ਸ਼ 𑘫 10
.s ښ 𑂬 𑘬 9
s s س 𑂭 𑘭 10
h h ه 𑂯 𑘮 10
' 7
q q क़ ق ক় ਕ਼ ક઼ 4
k͟h _kh ख़ خ খ় ਖ਼ ખ઼ 4
ġ .g ग़ غ গ় ਗ਼ ગ઼ 4
z z ज़ ز জ় ਜ਼ જ઼ ಜ಼ 6
f f फ़ ف ফ় ਫ਼ ફ઼ ಫ಼ 6
ث 1
ş ص 1
ح 1
đ ذ 1
ض 1
ظ 1
ţ ط 1

Relation to other systems[edit]

ISO 15919 is an international standard on the romanization of many Brahmic scripts, which was agreed upon in 2001 by a network of the national standards institutes of 157 countries.[citation needed] However, the Hunterian transliteration system is the "national system of romanization in India" and a United Nations expert group noted about ISO 15919 that "there is no evidence of the use of the system either in India or in international cartographic products."[1][2][3]

Another standard, United Nations Romanization Systems for Geographical Names (UNRSGN), was developed by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN)[4] and covers many Brahmic scripts.

The ALA-LC romanization was approved by the Library of Congress and the American Library Association and is a US standard. The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is not a standard (as no specification exists for it) but a convention developed in Europe for the transliteration of Sanskrit rather than the transcription of Brahmic scripts.

As a notable difference, both international standards, ISO 15919 and UNRSGN[5] transliterate anusvara as , while ALA-LC and IAST use for it. However, ISO 15919 provides guidance towards disambiguating between various anusvara situations (such as labial versus dental nasalizations), which is described in the table below.

Comparison with UNRSGN and IAST[edit]

The table below shows the differences between ISO 15919, UNRSGN[5] and IAST for Devanagari transliteration.

Devanagari ISO 15919 UNRSGN IAST Comment
ए / े ē e e To distinguish between long and short 'e' in Dravidian languages, 'e' now represents ऎ / ॆ (short). Note that the use of ē is considered optional in ISO 15919, and using e for (long) is acceptable for languages that do not distinguish long and short e.
ओ / ो ō o o To distinguish between long and short 'o' in Dravidian languages, 'o' now represents ऒ / ॊ (short). Note that the use of ō is considered optional in ISO 15919, and using o for (long) is acceptable for languages that do not distinguish long and short o.
ऋ / ृ In ISO 15919, ṛ is used to represent ड़.
ॠ / ॄ r̥̄ For consistency with r̥
ऌ / ॢ In ISO 15919, ḷ is used to represent .
ॡ / ॣ l̥̄ l̤̄ For consistency with l̥
◌ं ISO 15919 has two options about anusvāra. (1) In the simplified nasalization option, an anusvāra is always transliterated as . (2) In the strict nasalization option, anusvāra before a class consonant is transliterated as the class nasal— before k, kh, g, gh, ṅ; ñ before c, ch, j, jh, ñ; before ṭ, ṭh, ḍ, ḍh, ṇ; n before t, th, d, dh, n; m before p, ph, b, bh, m. is sometimes used to specifically represent Gurmukhi Tippi .
ṅ ñ ṇ n m
◌ँ Vowel nasalization is transliterated as a tilde above the transliterated vowel (over the second vowel in the case of a digraph such as aĩ, aũ), except in Sanskrit.

Font support[edit]

Only certain fonts support all Latin Unicode characters for the transliteration of Indic scripts according to this standard. For example, Tahoma supports almost all the characters needed. Arial and Times New Roman font packages that come with Microsoft Office 2007 and later also support most Latin Extended Additional characters like ḑ, ḥ, ḷ, ḻ, ṁ, ṅ, ṇ, ṛ, ṣ and ṭ.

Computer input by selection from a screen[edit]

Further Information: Unicode input#Selection from a screen

Applet for character selection

Many systems provide a way to select Unicode characters visually. ISO/IEC 14755 refers to this as a screen-selection entry method.

Microsoft Windows has provided a Unicode version of the Character Map program (find it by hitting ⊞ Win+R then type charmap then hit ↵ Enter) since version NT 4.0 – appearing in the consumer edition since XP. This is limited to characters in the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP). Characters are searchable by Unicode character name, and the table can be limited to a particular code block. More advanced third-party tools of the same type are also available (a notable freeware example is BabelMap).

macOS provides a "character palette" with much the same functionality, along with searching by related characters, glyph tables in a font, etc. It can be enabled in the input menu in the menu bar under System Preferences → International → Input Menu (or System Preferences → Language and Text → Input Sources) or can be viewed under Edit → Emoji & Symbols in many programs.

Equivalent tools – such as gucharmap (GNOME) or kcharselect (KDE) – exist on most Linux desktop environments.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Technical reference manual for the standardization of geographical names, United Nations Publications, 2007, ISBN 978-92-1-161500-5, ... ISO 15919 ... There is no evidence of the use of the system either in India or in international cartographic products ... The Hunterian system is the actually used national system of romanization in India ... 
  2. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia and the Far East, Volume 2, United Nations, 1955, ... In India the Hunterian system is used, whereby every sound in the local language is uniformly represented by a certain letter in the Roman alphabet ... 
  3. ^ National Library (India), Indian scientific & technical publications, exhibition 1960: a bibliography, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, Government of India, 1960, ... The Hunterian system of transliteration, which has international acceptance, has been used ... 
  4. ^ "UNGEGN Working Group on Romanization Systems". www.eki.ee. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  5. ^ a b "Differences between ISO 15919 and UNRSGN". Working group on Romanization systems. www.eki.ee/wgrs/. March 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license