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Mike Wilson, Wabash Valley Service Company, Illinois
Mike Wilson, Wabash Valley Service Company, Illinois
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: Verdesian Life Sciences
Mike Wilson, Wabash Valley Service Company, Illinois
Mike Wilson, Wabash Valley Service Company, Illinois
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: Verdesian Life Sciences
Wabash Co., Illinois Fire Departments Doing The Pink Glove Dance for Breast Cancer!
Wabash Co., Illinois Fire Departments Doing The Pink Glove Dance for Breast Cancer!
Published: 2010/11/10
Channel: Josh Howard
Wabash River Bridge Explosive Demolition
Wabash River Bridge Explosive Demolition
Published: 2011/11/10
Channel: KLENCKdemolition
Wabash RailRoad 1957 - "Once upon the Wabash" - Historic American Trains
Wabash RailRoad 1957 - "Once upon the Wabash" - Historic American Trains
Published: 2011/05/24
Channel: PoathTV - Australian Trains & Floppy Cats
Better Business Bureau of Chicago and Northern Illinois Scammers | 330 N Wabash Ave #3120
Better Business Bureau of Chicago and Northern Illinois Scammers | 330 N Wabash Ave #3120
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Nathan Echols
CN/GTW Santa Train at Durand with 2 views
CN/GTW Santa Train at Durand with 2 views
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: AMichiganRailroader
CTA 2400 Series Cars at Wabash/Adams Chicago, IL
CTA 2400 Series Cars at Wabash/Adams Chicago, IL
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Andy S
HD: Afternoon With The Eastern Illinois Railroad Company
HD: Afternoon With The Eastern Illinois Railroad Company
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: CentralIllinoisRailfan
World
World's Worst Maintained Railroad (Full Video)
Published: 2011/12/29
Channel: Delay In Block Productions
Chinese Fishing Company Harvesting Asian Carp
Chinese Fishing Company Harvesting Asian Carp
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: KingeryProductions
Wabash & Adams CTA Chicago,Illinois
Wabash & Adams CTA Chicago,Illinois
Published: 2014/07/20
Channel: nenavy1
Railroad Bridge over Wabash River in Peru IN
Railroad Bridge over Wabash River in Peru IN
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: MiamiCOIndiana
Dedicated to Carmi Illinois
Dedicated to Carmi Illinois
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: Adam Melton
World
World's Worst Maintained Railroad on Very Bad Track
Published: 2012/08/10
Channel: Delay In Block Productions
The Heritage Series: Illinois Central Gulf
The Heritage Series: Illinois Central Gulf
Published: 2011/11/19
Channel: DivergingClearVideo
Electrofishing - Knox 480 - Illinois Land Company Listing
Electrofishing - Knox 480 - Illinois Land Company Listing
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: LandCo
WABASH VALLEY SERVICE COMPANY RECRUITING VIDEO
WABASH VALLEY SERVICE COMPANY RECRUITING VIDEO
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: caden starr productions
Drone Video of Oversized Load Moved Through Grayville, Illinois
Drone Video of Oversized Load Moved Through Grayville, Illinois
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Dave Macklin
Marshall Fields (Macy
Marshall Fields (Macy's State Street) Chicago
Published: 2015/04/15
Channel: rrz518
IHC 7788 Tractor (1 of 2 Only Made) with 2517 Original Hours Sold Yesterday on Manitoba Farm Auction
IHC 7788 Tractor (1 of 2 Only Made) with 2517 Original Hours Sold Yesterday on Manitoba Farm Auction
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Machinery Pete
How Do You Build an Elevated Train Station in Downtown Chicago Without Stopping Service?
How Do You Build an Elevated Train Station in Downtown Chicago Without Stopping Service?
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: BuiltWorlds One
Brother Jed & Company || Illinois State
Brother Jed & Company || Illinois State
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: Brother Jed
Wabash Valley Service Company Internship
Wabash Valley Service Company Internship
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Steve Hnetkovsky
LCT with Wabash 1070 and the derailment crash heard at the end.
LCT with Wabash 1070 and the derailment crash heard at the end.
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: R Clark
Long Ride across the Wabash Cannonball Bridge
Long Ride across the Wabash Cannonball Bridge
Published: 2010/10/24
Channel: edbrumley
Timeline Theatre Company in Chicago, Illinois
Timeline Theatre Company in Chicago, Illinois
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Peter von Panda
Railfaninng on Good Friday Iowa Illinois UP BNSF Feat, NS 1070 Wabash Heritage unit
Railfaninng on Good Friday Iowa Illinois UP BNSF Feat, NS 1070 Wabash Heritage unit
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Eastern Iowa Rail Productions
Driving Downtown 4K - Chicago
Driving Downtown 4K - Chicago's Trump Tower - USA
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: J Utah
Wabash & Erie Canal: Canal Boat
Wabash & Erie Canal: Canal Boat
Published: 2013/12/07
Channel: Wabash and Erie Canal
How Bread is Made in a Factory Bakery 1946 at Schulze Baking Company, Chicago
How Bread is Made in a Factory Bakery 1946 at Schulze Baking Company, Chicago
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Jeff Quitney
MONON RAILROAD INDIANA "THE HOOSIER LINE" PROMOTIONAL FILM 71872
MONON RAILROAD INDIANA "THE HOOSIER LINE" PROMOTIONAL FILM 71872
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Chicago and eastern Illinois tribute.
Chicago and eastern Illinois tribute.
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: bostonandmainedigger
Two CTA trains meet at Lake and Wabash. 11-3-2016.
Two CTA trains meet at Lake and Wabash. 11-3-2016.
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Edward Kwiatkowski
Scam BBB Chicago & Northern Illinois - Better Business Bureau
Scam BBB Chicago & Northern Illinois - Better Business Bureau
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Nathan Echols Chicago BBB Scammers
Illinois Route 133 Construction
Illinois Route 133 Construction
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: weiutv
401 North WABASH Avenue #42F, Chicago-Near North Side, IL 60611
401 North WABASH Avenue #42F, Chicago-Near North Side, IL 60611
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: RE/MAXCookCountyHomes
Driving Downtown - Chicago’s Wall Street 4K - USA
Driving Downtown - Chicago’s Wall Street 4K - USA
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: J Utah
CN Coal Train Tolono Illinois
CN Coal Train Tolono Illinois
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: waltersrailroad
RS5T Horn Blasts and 567 EMD Locomotive Power This Is The RJ Corman Railroad Company
RS5T Horn Blasts and 567 EMD Locomotive Power This Is The RJ Corman Railroad Company
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: Scott Taipale
Illinois Stories | Monticello RR Museum
Illinois Stories | Monticello RR Museum
Published: 2010/11/09
Channel: Network Knowledge
2008 Wabash Paddlefest
2008 Wabash Paddlefest
Published: 2008/08/16
Channel: naturluvr68
Durbin at Elastec/American Marine
Durbin at Elastec/American Marine
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: The Southern
Cta Washington/wabash
Cta Washington/wabash
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Jimmy Stewart
American Quartet - On The Banks Of The Wabash 1913 Indiana State Song
American Quartet - On The Banks Of The Wabash 1913 Indiana State Song
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: warholsoup100
DoubleWide Debris "R O D " live at Tequila Shelia
DoubleWide Debris "R O D " live at Tequila Shelia's in Grayville, Illinois
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: R. C. Ox! Productions
Behind the scenes: Don Flesch reveals secrets on 115 year success | The Columbia Chronicle
Behind the scenes: Don Flesch reveals secrets on 115 year success | The Columbia Chronicle
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: TheColumbiaChronicle
CTA 5000 Series Green Line Train Enters Washington/Wabash
CTA 5000 Series Green Line Train Enters Washington/Wabash
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: ChicagoRailfanner
CN FPA-4 Leads NS Illinois Division Christmas Train 2014
CN FPA-4 Leads NS Illinois Division Christmas Train 2014
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: CentralIllinoisRailfan
Flood of 2011 - Westport Illinois
Flood of 2011 - Westport Illinois
Published: 2011/05/04
Channel: edbrumley
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Illinois Country at the end of the French and Indian War, showing French settlements and forts as well as current U.S. state boundaries. Not shown are the many Native American villages.

The Illinois-Wabash Company, formally known as the United Illinois and Wabash Land Company, was a company formed in 1779 from the merger of the Illinois Company and the Wabash Company. The two companies had been established in order to purchase land from Native Americans in the Illinois Country, a region of North America acquired by Great Britain in 1763. The Illinois Company purchased two large tracts of land in 1773; the Wabash Company purchased two additional tracts in 1775.

Because the Royal Proclamation of 1763 forbade private purchase of Native American lands, Great Britain refused to recognize these transactions. Following the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, officials of the merged Illinois-Wabash Company appealed to both Virginia (which claimed the Illinois Country) and to the United States to recognize their land purchases, but were unsuccessful. After the United States bought the land in question from Native Americans and resold it, the matter eventually went to the Supreme Court of the United States. In Johnson v. M'Intosh (1823), the Court ruled that the U.S. government, following earlier British precedent, would not recognize private purchases of native lands, and that Illinois-Wabash Company's purchases were therefore invalid.

Land purchases and British denial of title[edit]

In the middle of the 18th century, merchants and land speculators in the British Empire were looking to expand beyond the Appalachian Mountains into the interior of North America. Companies such as the Ohio Company of Virginia had been formed for this purpose, but rivalry between the British and the French for access to the region led to the outbreak of the French and Indian War (1754–1763), interrupting the activities of the companies. After the British victory in the war, the Crown issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which sought to organize and stabilize the vast new territory won from France. In order to prevent the conditions which had produced the war and its sequel, Pontiac's Rebellion (1763–1766), the British government forbade private individuals or companies from purchasing land from American Indians. Thereafter, only royal officials would be permitted to conduct treaties in order to buy Native American lands.

In 1768, a group of prominent merchants from Philadelphia began doing business in the Illinois Country, selling provisions to American Indians and British troops. In 1773, William Murray, the merchants' agent in Illinois, learned of a British legal opinion known as the Camden-Yorke Opinion. This opinion made quite an impact in North America because it was interpreted by some to suggest that private purchases of land from American Indians would now be recognized by the British Crown. With this in mind, Murray and his Philadelphia employers organized the Illinois Company and, on 5 July 1773, purchased two tracts of land from the Kaskaskia, Peoria, and Cahokia tribes.

British officials, however, refused to recognize the legality of the Illinois Company's purchase–the interpretation of Camden-Yorke circulating in America had been misleading. In April 1774, Murray turned to his kinsman, Lord Dunmore, the Royal Governor of Virginia. Dunmore agreed to lend support to the company's purchases in exchange for a piece of the action. Murray then formed the Wabash Company with Lord Dunmore as a member. On October 18, 1775, an agent for the Wabash Company purchased two tracts of land along the Wabash River from the Piankashaw tribe. Soon after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, however, Dunmore was forced to flee Virginia, and the companies were compelled to turn to new officials for recognition of its purchases.

Merger and American denial of title[edit]

Founding Father James Wilson unsuccessfully advocated the interests of the United Illinois and Wabash Land Company.

During the war the British had sparsely garrisoned the Illinois Country, which was far away from the main area of action. In July 1778, Colonel George Rogers Clark and a small force took possession of the region on behalf of Virginia, which, by virtue of its colonial charter, had a claim to the entire Illinois Country. In December of that year, Murray presented a memorial to the Virginia legislature, informing them of the land claims of the Illinois and Wabash companies. In order to consolidate their lobbying efforts, the two companies merged on March 13, 1779, becoming the United Illinois and Wabash Land Company. The cause of the company was promoted by influential Americans such as James Wilson and Robert Morris, who had become investors. Other notable members included Silas Deane, Samuel Chase, and Maryland governor Thomas Johnson.

Despite these political connections, Virginia declined to recognize the Illinois-Wabash purchases and instead created the "County of Illinois" in November 1779. Thus rejected, the company turned its efforts to lobbying the new national government of the United States. This issue became part of a wider debate in Congress about the western boundaries of states, with the states without western lands demanding that Virginia and other states with large land claims cede these lands to the national government. Virginia ceded her western land claims to the United States in 1784. Despite repeated appeals by the Illinois-Wabash Company, which were regularly renewed into the early 19th century, the U.S. government declined to recognize their land claims. The company faded away.

The United States eventually bought the lands in question from Native Americans in treaties conducted by William Henry Harrison. After the War of 1812, the United States began to issue land patents to settlers. In 1820, the executor of the estate of an investor in the Illinois-Wabash Company filed suit against William McIntosh, one of the largest of the new landowners. The lawsuit claimed that McIntosh had bought land rightfully owned by the Illinois-Wabash Company, based on the earlier purchase from the Indians. In 1823, the issue made its way to the U.S. Supreme Court in Johnson v. M'Intosh. The Court decided in favor of McIntosh, ruling that private purchases of native lands were not valid. The decision brought to an end the story of the Illinois-Wabash Company.

References[edit]

  • Abernethy, Thomas Perkins. Western Lands and the American Revolution. Originally published 1937. New York: Russell & Russell, 1959.
  • Fish, Sidney M. "The Illinois and Wabash Claim" in Barnard and Michael Gratz: Their Lives and Times. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1984. 155–78.
  • Kades, Eric. "History and Interpretation of the Great Case of Johnson v. M'Intosh". Law and History Review, Spring 2001.
  • Sosin, Jack M. The Revolutionary Frontier, 1763–1783. New York: Holt, 1967.

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