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Video Barack Obama addresses Illinois General Assembly
Video Barack Obama addresses Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: Reboot Illinois
Illinois Senate 100th General Assembly Inaugural
Illinois Senate 100th General Assembly Inaugural
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Reboot Illinois
6 Days of Illinois Budget Negotiations in 3 Minutes
6 Days of Illinois Budget Negotiations in 3 Minutes
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: Reboot Illinois
Closing remarks, Illinois Senate, 5-31-2016
Closing remarks, Illinois Senate, 5-31-2016
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Reboot Illinois
The President Speaks at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield
The President Speaks at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: The Obama White House
Illinois House 100th General Assembly Inaugural
Illinois House 100th General Assembly Inaugural
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Reboot Illinois
General Assembly Candidate Hopes to Make History in Illinois
General Assembly Candidate Hopes to Make History in Illinois
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: VOA News
Republican reaction to Illinois General Assembly action, 11-10-2015
Republican reaction to Illinois General Assembly action, 11-10-2015
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: Reboot Illinois
100 General Assembly Inaugaration of Illinois Senate January 11th 2017
100 General Assembly Inaugaration of Illinois Senate January 11th 2017
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Carmelita Earls Chicago ARIIX Officer
Hearing on Legalizing Recreational Cannabis in Illinois
Hearing on Legalizing Recreational Cannabis in Illinois
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: CAN TV
Freshman GOP legislators weigh in on their first session in the Illinois General Assembly
Freshman GOP legislators weigh in on their first session in the Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: IL House GOP
Illinois General Assembly Approves Pension Reform Agreement
Illinois General Assembly Approves Pension Reform Agreement
Published: 2013/12/06
Channel: illinoislawmakers
The Illinois General Assembly | Politics and the World
The Illinois General Assembly | Politics and the World
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: Jonathan Berry
Illinois General Assembly Leaders Meeting, 5-17-2016
Illinois General Assembly Leaders Meeting, 5-17-2016
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: Reboot Illinois
FNN: President Obama Illinois General Assembly
FNN: President Obama Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
Illinois Boys State - Wednesday Evening General Assembly
Illinois Boys State - Wednesday Evening General Assembly
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Illinois Boys State
Illinois State of the State Address
Illinois State of the State Address
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: WTVP
UIS hosts 97th Illinois General Assembly House Inauguration
UIS hosts 97th Illinois General Assembly House Inauguration
Published: 2011/01/12
Channel: uistube
IL General Assembly talks property tax freeze
IL General Assembly talks property tax freeze
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: WTHI-TV
Illinois General Assembly Establishes a Prayer Caucus
Illinois General Assembly Establishes a Prayer Caucus
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: ILFamilyInstitute
Gov. Bruce Rauner, leaders meet on Illinois state budget
Gov. Bruce Rauner, leaders meet on Illinois state budget
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: Reboot Illinois
Anna Shapiro Thanks Illinois General Assembly
Anna Shapiro Thanks Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: ilenviro
Reviewing the 97th Illinois General Assembly Record on Pensions & Healthcare
Reviewing the 97th Illinois General Assembly Record on Pensions & Healthcare
Published: 2012/06/25
Channel: IllinoisChannelTV
Illinois General Assembly Spring Session 2014 Wrap Up
Illinois General Assembly Spring Session 2014 Wrap Up
Published: 2014/06/06
Channel: nctv17
Mike Bost Passionate Fight for 2nd Amendment to Illinois Legislature
Mike Bost Passionate Fight for 2nd Amendment to Illinois Legislature
Published: 2013/05/02
Channel: G2GlobalIntel
Illinois Boys State - State Treasurer Mike Frerichs, Band Concert & General Assembly
Illinois Boys State - State Treasurer Mike Frerichs, Band Concert & General Assembly
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Illinois Boys State
President Obama Illinois General Assembly FULL SPEECH 2/10/16 LIVE
President Obama Illinois General Assembly FULL SPEECH 2/10/16 LIVE
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: kiddemcee2
3 - Illinois General Assembly
3 - Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: ChampionNewsOnline
Illinois passes automatic voter registration law
Illinois passes automatic voter registration law
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Newsy
UIS hosts 98th Illinois General Assembly House Inauguration
UIS hosts 98th Illinois General Assembly House Inauguration
Published: 2013/01/09
Channel: uistube
How To Fill Out A Witness Slip In The Illinois General Assembly
How To Fill Out A Witness Slip In The Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: Tim Furman
Illinois House impeaches Gov. Rod Blagojevich
Illinois House impeaches Gov. Rod Blagojevich
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Illinois General Assembly Banner Drop | Occupy Springfield, IL.
Illinois General Assembly Banner Drop | Occupy Springfield, IL.
Published: 2011/12/12
Channel: OccupySpringfieldIL
Recap on the Illinois General Assembly
Recap on the Illinois General Assembly's Spring Session
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: ILFamilyInstitute
Sen. Dan Kotowski on Illinois General Assembly pay cuts
Sen. Dan Kotowski on Illinois General Assembly pay cuts
Published: 2011/06/23
Channel: ILStatehouseNews
Illinois House Right to Work House Floor Debate 5-14-2015
Illinois House Right to Work House Floor Debate 5-14-2015
Published: 2015/05/15
Channel: Reboot Illinois
Leaders meeting, Illinois budget
Leaders meeting, Illinois budget
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Reboot Illinois
Illinois General Assembly Congratulates the World Champion Chicago Cubs
Illinois General Assembly Congratulates the World Champion Chicago Cubs
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Chris Welch
IL Senate to allow next General Assembly to consider budget bills
IL Senate to allow next General Assembly to consider budget bills
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: WTHI-TV
Bill that decriminalizes pot passes IL General Assembly
Bill that decriminalizes pot passes IL General Assembly
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: WTHI-TV
Kyle Severson, Illinois General Assembly Invocation, 2014 0204
Kyle Severson, Illinois General Assembly Invocation, 2014 0204
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: dyfried
Ken Zurek Supports Michael D Nardello for Illinois General Assembly
Ken Zurek Supports Michael D Nardello for Illinois General Assembly
Published: 2012/03/18
Channel: Ben Kotowicz
Illinois Action for Children Voter Education Video: Part 4 - IL General Assembly - English
Illinois Action for Children Voter Education Video: Part 4 - IL General Assembly - English
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: Illinois Action for Children
PBS host cuts off Republican on Illinois
PBS host cuts off Republican on Illinois' secret sanctuary state bill
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Citizen Kelly
SXU football honored by Gov. Quinn and Illinois General Assembly, NBC 5 News at 10 p.m.
SXU football honored by Gov. Quinn and Illinois General Assembly, NBC 5 News at 10 p.m.
Published: 2012/11/16
Channel: SXUAthletics
William Albracht - 2012 IL General Assembly Senate Candidate
William Albracht - 2012 IL General Assembly Senate Candidate
Published: 2011/03/25
Channel: Ralyns
Part 4 Illinois General Assembly Committee Meeting
Part 4 Illinois General Assembly Committee Meeting
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: Arnold Julien
Illinois Department of Corrections questioned in General Assembly Part 3
Illinois Department of Corrections questioned in General Assembly Part 3
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: Arnold Julien
Only in Illinois, 12-2-2016
Only in Illinois, 12-2-2016
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Reboot Illinois
Illinois Lawmakers #3002 - State of the State Address 2015
Illinois Lawmakers #3002 - State of the State Address 2015
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: WTVP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Illinois General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Leadership
John Cullerton (D)
Since January 14, 2009
Michael Madigan (D)
Since January 8, 1997
Structure
Seats
  • Senate: 59
  • House: 118
Senate diagram 2014 State of Illinois.svg
Senate political groups
House of Representatives diagram 2014 State of Illinois.svg
House political groups
Elections
Senate last election
November 4, 2014
Meeting place
Illinois State Capitol pano.jpg
Illinois State Capitol, Springfield
Website
www.ilga.gov

The Illinois General Assembly is the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois and comprises the Illinois House of Representatives and the Illinois Senate. The General Assembly was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. The State Senate has 59 members while the House has 118. A Senate district is formed by combining two adjacent House districts. The current General Assembly is Illinois's 100th. The General Assembly meets in the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois. Its session laws are generally adopted by majority vote in both houses, and upon gaining the assent of the Governor of Illinois. They are published in the official Laws of Illinois.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Illinois General Assembly was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. Initially, the state did not have organized political parties, but the Democratic and Whig parties began to form in the 1830s.

Future U.S. President Abraham Lincoln successfully campaigned as a member of the Whig Party to serve in the General Assembly in 1834.[3] He served four successive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives, supporting expanded suffrage and the abolition of slavery.

The Illinois Republican Party was organized at a conference held in Major's Hall in Bloomington, Illinois on May 29, 1856. Its founding members came from the former Whig Party in Illinois after its members joined with several powerful local political factions including, notably, the Independent Democrat movement of Chicago that helped elect James Hutchinson Woodworth as mayor in 1848.

During the election of 1860 in which Lincoln was elected president, Illinois also elected a Republican governor and legislature, but the trials of war helped return the state legislature to the Democratic Party of Illinois in 1861.[4] The Democratic Party-led legislature investigated the state's war expenditures and the treatment of Illinois troops, but with little political gain.[4] They also worked to frame a new state constitution that gave the southern portion of the state increased representation and included provisions to discourage banking and the circulation of paper currency.[4] Voters rejected each of the constitution's provisions, except the bans on black settlement, voting and office holding.[4] The Democratic Party came to represent skepticism in the war effort, until Illinois' Democratic leader Stephen A. Douglas changed his stance and pledged his full support to Lincoln.[4]

The Democratic Party swept the 1862 election.[4] They passed resolutions denouncing the federal government's conduct of the war and urging an immediate armistice and peace convention in the Illinois House of Representatives, leading the Republican governor to suspend the legislature for the first time in the state's history.[4]

In 1864, Republicans swept the state legislature and at the time of Lincoln's assassination, Illinois stood as a solidly Republican state.[4]

In 1922, Lottie Holman O'Neill was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives, becoming the first woman to serve in the Illinois General Assembly.[5]

By the 1990s, Illinois had started to become more Democratic in state elections. In 1996, the Democratic Party gained control of the Illinois House of Representatives. In 2002, a Democratic candidate became Illinois governor for the first time in 26 years, and Democrats gained control over the Illinois Senate. With the exception of 2010, 2014 and 2016, Illinois Democrats have consistently gained more and more power in every election year in Illinois since the mid-1990s.[how?][citation needed]

Terms of members[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives are elected to a two-year term without term limits.

The term cycle for the Illinois Senate is staggered. To avoid complete turnovers in membership (except after an intervening Census), not all districts elect senators simultaneously. Every Senate district elects its members to serve two four-year terms and one two-year term per decade. The placement of the two-year term in the decade varies from one district to another, with each district's terms defined as 2-4-4, 4-2-4, or 4-4-2. Like House members, Senators are elected without term limits.

Officers[edit]

The officers of the General Assembly are elected at the beginning of each even number year. Representatives of the House elect from its membership a Speaker and Speaker pro tempore, drawn from the majority party in the chamber. The Illinois Secretary of State convenes and supervises the opening House session and leadership vote. State senators elect from the chamber a President of the Senate, convened and under the supervision of the governor. Since the adoption of the current Illinois Constitution in 1970, the Lieutenant Governor of Illinois does not serve in any legislative capacity as Senate President, and has had its office's powers transferred to other capacities. The Illinois Auditor General is a legislative officer appointed by the General Assembly that reviews all state spending for legality.[6]

Sessions and qualifications[edit]

Title page of the 1912 Laws of Illinois

The General Assembly's first official working day is the second Monday of January each year, with the Secretary of State convening the House, and the governor convening the Senate.[7] In order to serve as a member in either chamber of the General Assembly, a person must be a U.S. citizen, at least 21 years of age, and for the two years preceding his election or appointment a resident of the district which they represent.[7] In the general election following a redistricting, a candidate for any chamber of the General Assembly may be elected from any district which contains a part of the district in which he or she resided at the time of the redistricting and reelected if a resident of the new district he represents for 18 months prior to reelection.[7]

Restrictions[edit]

Members of the General Assembly may not hold other public offices or receive appointments by the governor, and their salaries may not be increased during their tenure.[7]

Veto powers[edit]

The General Assembly has the power to override gubernatorial vetoes through a three-fifths majority vote in each chamber. The governor has different types of veto like a full veto and a reduction veto. If the governor decides that the bill needs changes, he will ask for an amendatory veto.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Illinois Legal Research Guide". University of Chicago Library. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Decker, John F.; Kopacz, Christopher (2012). Illinois Criminal Law: A Survey of Crimes and Defenses (5th ed.). LexisNexis. § 1.01. ISBN 978-0-7698-5284-3. 
  3. ^ White, Jr., Ronald C. (2009). A. Lincoln: A Biography. Random House, Inc. ISBN 978-1-4000-6499-1, p. 59.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h VandeCreek, Drew E. Politics in Illinois and the Union During the Civil War (accessed May 27, 2013)
  5. ^ "Lottie Holman O'Neill (1878-1967)". National Women's History Museum. Retrieved December 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. ^ Uphoff, Judy Lee (2012). "The Governor and the Executive Branch". In Lind, Nancy S.; Rankin, Erik. Governing Illinois: Your Connection to State and Local Government (PDF) (4th ed.). Center Publications, Center for State Policy and Leadership, University of Illinois at Springfield. pp. 77–79. ISBN 978-0-938943-28-0. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Constitution of the State of Illinois, ARTICLE IV, THE LEGISLATURE (accessed May 27, 2013)

External links[edit]

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