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Illinois Adventure #1406 "Old State Capitol"
Illinois Adventure #1406 "Old State Capitol"
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: WTVP
Visiting the Illinois Capitol
Visiting the Illinois Capitol
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: TheILSenateGOP
The President Speaks at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield
The President Speaks at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: The Obama White House
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 1
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 1
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: Catalyst Video Network
Crusaders sing Coventry Carol in Illinois State Capitol
Crusaders sing Coventry Carol in Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Crusaders for Life
Climbing Illinois State Capitol Building
Climbing Illinois State Capitol Building
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Insightful Lumberjack
Illinois State Capitol Springfield, Illinois
Illinois State Capitol Springfield, Illinois
Published: 2008/03/20
Channel: Marc Sims
Illinois Capitol On Lockdown Ahead Of Final Budget Action
Illinois Capitol On Lockdown Ahead Of Final Budget Action
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Wochit News
ILLINOIS STATE CAPITOL BUILDING AT SUNSET | vlog 300
ILLINOIS STATE CAPITOL BUILDING AT SUNSET | vlog 300
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: kofuzi
Illinois state capital building dome tour (original version)
Illinois state capital building dome tour (original version)
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: mike sullivan
Illinois Stories | State Capitol West Wing | WSEC-TV/PBS Springfield
Illinois Stories | State Capitol West Wing | WSEC-TV/PBS Springfield
Published: 2014/02/21
Channel: Network Knowledge
Illinois Stories | State Capitol Art
Illinois Stories | State Capitol Art
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: Network Knowledge
Approaching Current Illinois State Capitol
Approaching Current Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: dallascincykid
Laura Dion Jones visits the Illinois State Capitol
Laura Dion Jones visits the Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2012/07/28
Channel: Laura Dion-Jones
Crusaders approach Illinois State Capitol
Crusaders approach Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Crusaders for Life
Illinois State Song at the Old State Capitol
Illinois State Song at the Old State Capitol
Published: 2009/08/24
Channel: gianni576
Illinois State Capitol HDR Images
Illinois State Capitol HDR Images
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: 360 Through The Door Virtual Tours
Top Tourist Attractions in Springfield: Travel Guide State Illinois
Top Tourist Attractions in Springfield: Travel Guide State Illinois
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: UltramodernHome
Illinois State Capitol Tour in Springfield (HD)
Illinois State Capitol Tour in Springfield (HD)
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: TravelTouristVideos
The Old State Capitol of Springfield, Illinois
The Old State Capitol of Springfield, Illinois
Published: 2009/08/05
Channel: theISHS1
illinois state capitol 2007
illinois state capitol 2007
Published: 2007/10/19
Channel: lee ennis
Illinois State Capital Tour
Illinois State Capital Tour
Published: 2008/11/19
Channel: ILStateSenate31
720. Visit Springfield, Illinois & see the State Capitol Building
720. Visit Springfield, Illinois & see the State Capitol Building
Published: 2012/02/04
Channel: Hilary Grace
SPRINGFIELD TRIP - ILLINOIS STATE CAPITOL.
SPRINGFIELD TRIP - ILLINOIS STATE CAPITOL.
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: MTDN IIVII
Afire @ the Capitol building Springfield, Illinois
Afire @ the Capitol building Springfield, Illinois
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: Jerry Clarito
Security measures at the Illinois State Capitol
Security measures at the Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2009/09/20
Channel: The State Journal-Register
State Capitol,  Illinois
State Capitol, Illinois
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Kimberly Runde
Rally at Illinois State Capitol for Higher Education - 1
Rally at Illinois State Capitol for Higher Education - 1
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: bigvig209
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 2
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 2
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: Catalyst Video Network
Approaching the Illinois State Capitol with slow d
Approaching the Illinois State Capitol with slow d
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Vil Villa
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 4
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 4
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: Catalyst Video Network
IL State Capitol Tour
IL State Capitol Tour
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Quenton Galvin
Капитолий Illinois State Capitol Springfield
Капитолий Illinois State Capitol Springfield
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Omaha TV
Otis Traction Elevator @ The State Capitol Building Springfield, IL
Otis Traction Elevator @ The State Capitol Building Springfield, IL
Published: 2010/07/21
Channel: Stephen Phillips
Tour the Illinois State Capital
Tour the Illinois State Capital
Published: 2008/11/19
Channel: ILStateSenate31
Illinois State Capitol
Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Lennon Lei
The Illinois State Capitol
The Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: Malaki/Barbara's Productions
One Northside shuts down Illinois State Capitol
One Northside shuts down Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Julius Mercer
Fracking banner drop, state capitol of Illinois.
Fracking banner drop, state capitol of Illinois.
Published: 2013/05/08
Channel: Rising Tide Chicago
Otis Traction Elevator @ The State Capitol Building Springfield, IL
Otis Traction Elevator @ The State Capitol Building Springfield, IL
Published: 2010/07/21
Channel: Stephen Phillips
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 3
Illinois State Capitol -- Part 3
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: Catalyst Video Network
Advocacy Day to the Illinois State Capitol Invitation
Advocacy Day to the Illinois State Capitol Invitation
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: faithinplace
#ApproveThe8 Rally at the Illinois State Capitol on Jan. 27, 2016
#ApproveThe8 Rally at the Illinois State Capitol on Jan. 27, 2016
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: Revolution Enterprises
Gay Marriage Rally at Illinois State Capitol
Gay Marriage Rally at Illinois State Capitol
Published: 2013/10/25
Channel: IllinoisChannelTV
Illinois state capitol
Illinois state capitol
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Theodore Essex
Illinois State Capitol.
Illinois State Capitol.
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Tjango
Springfield NBC 6pm: Raise Illinois Rallies at State Capitol; Bruce Rauner Makes Appearance
Springfield NBC 6pm: Raise Illinois Rallies at State Capitol; Bruce Rauner Makes Appearance
Published: 2014/11/23
Channel: Raise Illinois Action
Illinois State Capitol Rally 2013 pt1
Illinois State Capitol Rally 2013 pt1
Published: 2013/03/07
Channel: Steve Ladson
IL New State Capitol Building
IL New State Capitol Building
Published: 2008/09/29
Channel: sloan212
illinois state capitol
illinois state capitol
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: toledoautismmom
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Illinois State Capitol
Illinois State Capitol pano.jpg
East façade of the Capitol from Second Street
Illinois State Capitol is located in Illinois
Illinois State Capitol
Illinois State Capitol is located in the US
Illinois State Capitol
Location Capitol Avenue and Second Street
Springfield, Illinois
Coordinates 39°47′54″N 89°39′16″W / 39.79833°N 89.65444°W / 39.79833; -89.65444Coordinates: 39°47′54″N 89°39′16″W / 39.79833°N 89.65444°W / 39.79833; -89.65444
Area 9 acres (3.6 ha)
Built 1868; 149 years ago (1868)
Architect Alfred H. Piquenard, et al.
Architectural style Renaissance Revival
NRHP reference # 85003178[1]
Added to NRHP November 21, 1985; 31 years ago (November 21, 1985)

The Illinois State Capitol, located in Springfield, Illinois, is the building that houses legislative and the executive branches of the government of the U.S. state of Illinois. The current building is the sixth to serve as the capitol since Illinois was admitted to the United States in 1818. The capitol is in the architectural style of the French Renaissance and was designed by Cochrane and Garnsey, an architecture and design firm based in Chicago. Ground was first broken for the new capitol on March 11, 1868, and it was completed twenty years later for a total cost of $4,500,000.[2]

The building contains the chambers for the Illinois House of Representatives and the Illinois Senate, as well as an office for the Illinois Governor, additional offices and committee rooms. The building's footprint is in the shape of a cross with four wings. Its tall central dome, and tower roofs, are covered in zinc to provide a silvery facade which does not weather. The interior of the dome features a plaster frieze painted to resemble bronze, which illustrates scenes from Illinois history, and stained glass windows, including a stained glass replica of the state seal in the oculus of the dome.

Description[edit]

With a total height of 361 ft (110 m), the Illinois capitol is the tallest non-skyscraper capitol, even exceeding the height of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. In contrast, the tallest skyscraper capitol stands a mere 241.67 feet (73.7 m) tall. The only state capitols taller than it are the non-classical designs of Louisiana and Nebraska, whose governments opted for modern structures. The dome itself is 92.5 ft (28.2 m) wide, and is supported by solid bedrock, 25.5 ft (7.8 m) below the surface. It is the highest (though not the tallest) building in Sangamon County. The Wyndham Springfield City Centre is taller than the capitol, however it is on lower ground, making the capitol building higher. A city statute does not allow buildings taller than the capitol. The building itself is shaped like a Latin cross aligned to the major compass directions, and measures 379 ft (116 m) from the north end to the south end, and 268 ft (82 m) from the east end to the west end. The capitol occupies a nine acre plot of land which forms the capitol grounds. William Douglas Richardson served as one of the principal contractors for the construction of the capitol building, and Jacob Bunn, an in-law of W. D. Richardson, served as chairman of the capitol construction steering committee.

Detail of the dome interior

When the capitol was constructed, several empty shafts were included for the future installation of elevators. The original water-operated elevators were installed in 1887 and were sometimes the subject of ridicule by local newspapers as they were deemed inadequate for a building with the prestige of the State Capitol. It is unknown when the first electric elevators were installed, but the first mention of them occurs in 1939, when the legislature appropriated $30,000 for their repair.

Renovation[edit]

In 2011, the facility underwent a $50 million renovation, primarily focused on the west wing, to upgrade life safety, ADA accessibility and mechanical, electrical and plumbing infrastructure as well as architectural improvements to bring the capitol closer to its original 1870s appearance, the "period of significance" for the building. Improvements included refinishing of interiors and exposed brick arches in the basement; installation of maiden lamp posts for the grand staircase, new chandeliers, and copper-clad exterior doors; and removal of a second floor mezzanine.[3]

One of the pair of female statues added to the west wing staircase in the State Capitol as part of the $50 million renovation from 2011-13.

The addition of the maiden statues is particularly notable, since they had been intended for the building since the 1870s when architect Alfred Piquenard designed them as part of the original plan. Piquenard was also the architect for the Iowa State Capitol, which is of a similar style, albeit 3/4 the size. Illinois legislators of the 1870s thought that the scantily clad women were too risqué but the Iowans had no objection. Illinois therefore had plain lamps installed at the base of its grand staircase, whereas the maiden lamps intended for Illinois were instead delivered to and installed at the Iowa State Capitol in Des Moines, where they remain to this day. The lamps now installed at Illinois as part of this renovation are replicas of those at Iowa's capitol.[4]

Lincoln by Andrew O'Connor at East Front of Capitol

In 2014, the renovation achieved LEED Gold certification under the US Green Building Councils New Construction and Major Renovation program.[5]

Former capitols[edit]

The current Capitol of Illinois is the sixth such building in the history of the state. The first was located in Kaskaskia, Illinois, a city on the Mississippi River founded by the French in 1709. Kaskaskia had been the territorial capital of Illinois since 1809, so it was deemed an appropriate location for the capital of the new state. The state leased the first capitol building, a two-story building, for the sum of $4.00 per day.

Wishing to site the capital in the state's interior, the first General Assembly petitioned Congress for a grant of suitable land. Congress offered, and the state accepted, a land parcel up the Kaskaskia River about eighty miles northeast of Kaskaskia. This location, which would be named Vandalia, Illinois, was selected partly with the hopes of encouraging settlers to relocate to other parts of the state which were still uninhabited. The state allowed its lease on the first capital in Kaskaskia expire and relocated to Vandalia.

In 1820, with the completion of the new, or "second", capitol, Vandalia became the capital of the state. The structure burned soon thereafter and a third capitol quickly rose in 1824 at a cost of $15,000. Soon after its construction, many citizens began to advocate relocating the capitol to a location nearer the center of the state. A bill was introduced in 1833 for a statewide vote to determine a new location from a list of several choices including Alton, Jacksonville, Peoria, Springfield, Vandalia, and the state's actual geographic center. While Alton was the victor, the legislature determined the margin too small to be conclusive, and ignored the vote. In 1836, a young lawyer named Abraham Lincoln, along with colleagues of his of the legal profession, advocated moving the capital to Springfield. That summer the Vandalia capitol building was demolished by local citizens and replaced with the fourth capitol (built at a cost of $16,000) in an effort to keep the capital in Vandalia. Although the new brick structure was extravagant, the General Assembly ignored the gesture and voted to relocate the capital to Springfield on February 25, 1837.[6]

The sixth and current Illinois Capitol looking northwest

On July 4, 1837, the first brick was laid for Illinois' fifth capitol designed by John F. Rague, who also designed the nearly identical Iowa Territorial Capitol.[7] In 1853, the capitol was completed for a total sum of $260,000, almost twenty times the cost of any such previous structure. The building (pictured at right) was designed in the Greek Revival style from stone quarried 6 miles from the site. For many years, it was the largest and most extravagant capitol of the western frontier of the United States. The fifth capitol is closely associated with Abraham Lincoln as it was here that he argued cases before the Illinois Supreme Court, served in the State Legislature, first debated Stephen Douglas, delivered his famous "House Divided" speech, and lay in state after his assassination on May 4, 1865.

As Illinois prospered and experienced several booms in population, the fifth capitol became crowded, especially as a result of relocations after the Civil War. On February 24, 1867, the state voted to construct a new larger capitol. After breaking the ground for the sixth and current Capitol in 1868, the state recouped the costs of the fifth capitol by selling it to Sangamon County for $200,000. It served as the county court house until 1961 when the state again purchased the building and restored it as a historic landmark, the Old State Capitol State Historic Site.

The Capitol grounds have many statues, such as this one of the late federal Senator Everett Dirksen.

Fourth Statehouse[edit]

Fifth Statehouse[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Finke, Doug (August 25, 2013). "$50 million Capitol west wing renovation almost done". The State Journal-Register. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  3. ^ "Renovation and copper doors at Illinois New State Capitol". Macgui.com. October 21, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  4. ^ "Illinois State Capitol-West Wing". U.S. Green Building Council. February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  5. ^ Past Illinois Capitols. Illinois Blue Book. Illinois Secretary of State. July 1976. pp. 17–19. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  6. ^ Mansheim, Gerald (1989). Iowa City: An Illustrated History. Norfolk, Virginia: The Donning Company. pp. 36–40. ISBN 978-0898656411. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
United States Capitol
Tallest building in the United States outside of New York City
1888–1895
110m
Succeeded by
Milwaukee City Hall

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