|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
Map of the Philippines with Ilocos Norte highlighted
|Region||Ilocos (Region I)|
|• Type||province of the Philippines|
|• Governor||Imee Marcos (NP)|
|• Vice Governor||Angelo Barba (NP)|
|• Total||3,467.89 km2 (1,338.96 sq mi)|
|Area rank||42nd out of 80|
|• Rank||50th out of 80|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||53rd out of 80|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||2|
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Ilocos Norte|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||2900 to 2922|
|Spoken languages||Ilocano, Tagalog, English|
Ilocos Norte (Ilokano: Amianan nga Ilocos; Tagalog: Hilagang Ilokos) is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region. Its capital is Laoag City and is located at the northwest corner of Luzon Island, bordering Cagayan and Apayao to the east, and Abra and Ilocos Sur to the south. Ilocos Norte faces the South China Sea to the west and the Luzon Strait to the north.
Ilocos Norte is noted for being the birthplace of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos, who led an authoritarian rule over the country during the latter half of his incumbency. The Marcoses enjoy a modicum of popularity in the province. Ilocos Norte is also known as a northern tourist destination, being the location of Fort Ilocandia, an upper class hotel and beach resort famous among expatriates, and Pagudpud.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2009)|
Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region (consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines. Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk. The inhabitants of the region, believed to be of Malay origin, called their place "samtoy", from "sao mi toy", which literally meant "our language here"
In 1591, when the Spanish conquistadors had Manila more or less under their control, they began looking for new sites to conquer. Legazpi's grandson, Juan de Salcedo, volunteered to lead one of these expeditions. Together with 8 armed boats and 45 men, the 22 year old voyager headed north. On June 13, 1592, Salcedo and his men landed in Vigan and then proceeded towards Laoag, Currimao and Badoc. As they sailed along the coast, they were surprised to see numerous sheltered coves ("looc") where the locals lived in harmony. As a result, they named the region "Ylocos" and its people "Ylocanos".
As the Christianization of the region grew, so did the landscape of the area. Vast tracts of land were utilized for churches and bell towers in line with the Spanish mission of "bajo las campanas". In the town plaza, it was not uncommon to see garrisons under the church bells. The colonization process was slowly being carried out.
The Spanish colonization of the region, however, was never completely successful. Owing to the abusive practices of many Augustinian friars, a number of Ilocanos revolted against their colonizers. Noteworthy of these were the Dingras uprising (1589) and Pedro Almasan revolt (San Nicolas, 1660). In 1762, Diego Silang led a series of battles aimed at freeing the Ilocanos from the Spanish yoke. When he died from an assassin's bullet, his widow Gabriela continued the cause. Unfortunately, she too was captured and hanged. In 1807, the sugar cane ("basi") brewers of Piddig rose up in arms to protest the government's monopoly of the wine industry. In 1898, the church excommunicated Gregorio Aglipay for refusing to cut off ties with the revolutionary forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. Unperturbed, he established the "Iglesia Filipina Independiente". Aglipay’s movement and the nationalist sentiment it espoused helped restore the self-respect of many Filipinos.
In an effort to gain more political control and because of the increasing population of the region, a Royal Decree was signed on February 2, 1818 splitting Ilocos into two provinces: Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur. Soon thereafter, the provinces of La Union and Abra likewise became independent.
|Population census of Ilocos Norte|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Ilocos Norte is home to several famous Roman Catholic churches:
Ilocos Norte is the home of the Aglipay Shrine (Aglipayan Church) where the church's first supreme leader was buried. There are also minor but steadily increasing members of Iglesia ni Cristo.Islam is also practiced by Mindanaoan traders and immigrants.
The province specializes in the following products and industries:
Term of Office: 2013 - 2016
Governor: Maria Imelda R. Marcos
Vice - Governor: Eugenio Angelo M. Barba
Sangguniang Panlalawigan Members:
ABC President: Charles L. Tadena
PCL President: Domingo C. Ambrocio
SK President: -.
The province offers a number of popular destinations for tourists, locals and foreigners alike. Because of its proximity to the South China Sea, tourist arrivals peak during the summer seasons, the beach resorts topping the most visited list.
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||South China Sea||Cagayan|
|South China Sea||Apayao|
|Ilocos Sur, Abra|