9 October 1924
|Died||11 September 1957
|Organization||Tamil Nadu Youth Congress,
Devendra Kula Velalar,
Tamil Nadu Scheduled Castes Federation
|Spouse(s)||E.Amirtham Grace (அமிர்தம் கிரேஸ்)|
|Children||E.Mary Vasantha Rani
E.Papin Vijaya Rani
E.Sundari Prabha Rani
Immanuvel Devendrar was born in Sellur, Mudukulathur, Tamil Nadu on 9 October 1924. Immanuvel Devendrar (9 October 1924-11 September 1957) was a freedom fighter, Social activist and worker for the Indian National Congress in Tamil Nadu, India, who was murdered by a group of people from another caste.
Immanuvel Devendrar was born to Vedhanayagam, a school teacher and Ganasundary. Founder of Devendra Kula Vellalar Sangam, on October 9, 1924 in Sellur village in Mudukulathur, Ramanathapuram. He participated in the Quit India movement at the age of 18 and was imprisoned for three months by the then British government.
He grew up in a ruthless society, because he grew up with the ethnic liberation slogan and was angry with the British who subjugated the Indian nation. In its echo, in 1942, his father, Velanayake, was released from the queue of the Liberation Army, and quit the queue. Immanuel Sekaran does not know that it will be a turning point in the future as the returning leader of the nation.
In 1945, he joined the Indian Army as Havildar Major. After serving the Army for a few years, he returned to Paramakudi to become a Youth Congress leader. He worked towards uplifting the Dalits and organised 'Annihilation of Caste Conference' in Madurai. The conference was presided over by B.R. Ambedkar. He was highly educated and knew seven languages including Russian.
Tyagi Emanuel Sekaran who fought against caste oppression. He was imprisoned in his college life and was imprisoned. He embraced the Indian Army with his youthful dreams of trusting Indian independence and went to provide his services to the nation. Devendrar worked to improve the education, rights and representation of the Pallar caste, of which he was a member. He tried to mobilize them to demand equality. The party thought that he might be a worthy future member of the Legislative Assembly and groomed him for that end.
Thiyaki Emanuel Sekaran who fought against the caste oppression of the pandemic. He was imprisoned in his college life and was imprisoned. He came to work in the 1950s with his young adolescents in the Indian Army, to join the Indian Army with his youthful dreams, believing Indian fake independence and his present life and existence.
He took part in the Quit India movement from the age of 18 and was imprisoned for three months because of it. In 1945, he enlisted in the British Indian Army and, upon his discharge, he returned to his native Ramanathapuram district to work for the Indian National Congress party (INC). His time in the army had caused him to question the historic oppression of Dalits in his district, which was particularly severe.. At the age of 19, at the Aruppukkottai camp for the Dalits only created the Dalits, the conference to remove the society from the society and create awareness not only to his social people but also to other social groups.
In 1950, he came out of the Army and found that his imagination and present life were different. He abandoned his military job to the repression of another caste on his social people. He started the organization of the "liberation movement of the oppressed".
However, he was jailed for 3 months in jail for experiencing trials for Indian nationals. The days passed. The brutal hunt for the repression of the repressive society to be removed. In 1954, he organized a conference to insist on abolishing untouchability and began to be a great force among its social people during that period. Immanuel Sekaran's development and the uprising that led to the rest of the society began to look lusty.
1957 election, his community worked hard to succeed the dominant forces and proved his strength. On the morning of 1-9-1957, a goddess dies in the village of Kadamangalam. If you want to go to the cemetery, there are some obstacles to the main road. Perumal Peter also complains to the Immanuel Sekarangan police station. The body of the goddess is taken to the cemetery and is buried.
10.9-57 Peace Meeting is headed by District Collector. Emanuel Sekaran put forward his arguments on the grounds that, at the meeting, the caste leaders were equally crazy (the Rajini speaking dialogue in Kabali kept this incident).
The authorities are compelled to compromise and settle half of their minds. Nobody is unfortunate, and the future will flip into an event on 11th. Immanuel Sekaran stayed at his father's friend's house and left for the house at 9 o'clock in the evening at Paramakudi in the evening. Then suddenly a gang of 6 people cut him into a salami and escaped the assassination. The news spread in different parts like a wildfire.
A by-election was held in the Mudukulathur assembly constituency on 1 July 1957, as U. Muthuramalingam Thevar had resigned from his assembly seat. The election was won by D.V. Sasivarna Thevar of the Forward Bloc. The situation in the area was tense on the day that the results were released, and there was a sizeable presence of police forces in place. Clashes between Maravars, who largely supported the Forward Bloc, and pro-Congress Devendrars began in a few villages soon after the election result was acknowledged. Gradually the violence spread to more and more villages, and by August the riots had spread throughout the entire district. Several persons were killed and thousands of houses were torched.
Thevar himself travelled to Delhi on 17 July to attend the session of the Lok Sabha. He returned on 9 September. On 10 September he took part in a 'Peace Conference' together with T. V. Sasivarna Thevar and Velu Kudumban (legislative assembly member of the Forward Bloc from devendrar community). From the Congress side six Devendrars took part. There was also a delegate from the Nadar (caste)Nadar caste. The conference concluded that the three castes should live in harmony.
Devendrar was killed the following day. On 28 September, a few days after the clashes had ceased, Thevar was arrested by the police under the Preventive Detention Act. Thevar's was apprehended directly after holding a speech at the conference of the Indian National Democratic Congress (the new name taken by the Congress Reform Committee). Thevar was taken to the Jail. Pudukkottai court was hearing that case. He was later accused of having masterminded the murder.
The Paramakudi riots were a series of riots that took place from 10 to 13 September 2011 in Paramakudi, in the Ramanathapuram district. The riots were in response to the detention of Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (TMMK) leader John Pandian who was detained while heading to Paramakudi to commemorate the 54th death anniversary of Immanuvel Sekaran, a revolutionary leader from Pallar caste.
On the second day of rioting, 11 September, five rioters were killed and 50 injured. Two later died of their injuries. Hundreds policemen were injured. Deputy Inspector-General of Police, Sandeep Mittal and Superintendent of Police, K. A. Senthilvelan and DSP Ganesan were grievously injured in the stone-pelting. According to district collector Arun Roy, the police opened fire when the mob refused to disperse after an attempt to utilise tear gas. According to Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Jayalalithaa Jayaram, "What happened at Paramakudi was unfortunate and we are forming an inquiry commission under a retired high court judge to probe the whole incident". Justice Sampath commission justified the police firing without which there would have been loss of lives and state property. The report suggested that sensitive caste gatherings must be avoided.
His body was cremated at Ramanathapuram Government Hospital on 12-9-1957. In the Ramanathapuram district, 13-9-57 the law regulator disrupted the 33-year-old man's uprising trip, which was blocked by the caste and cut off the road to the cemetery. 85 people were killed when two parties were fight.
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