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Churchill and The Cabinet War Rooms - Sir Winston Churchill
Churchill and The Cabinet War Rooms - Sir Winston Churchill's secrets unveiled
Published: 2015/04/07
Channel: Best of British Documentaries
"Imperial War Museum"."Churchill Museum"."Cabinet War Rooms" Southwick, Whitehall
"Imperial War Museum"."Churchill Museum"."Cabinet War Rooms" Southwick, Whitehall
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Kevin Kilpatrick
LONDON, the IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, the top exhibits to see (ENGLAND)
LONDON, the IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, the top exhibits to see (ENGLAND)
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
War Cabinet Rooms Museum
War Cabinet Rooms Museum
Published: 2009/12/21
Channel: Jeremy Epstein
The Imperial War Museum London Tour
The Imperial War Museum London Tour
Published: 2014/10/26
Channel: travelshorts
WW1 trench exhibit at the Imperial War Museum in London
WW1 trench exhibit at the Imperial War Museum in London
Published: 2010/08/17
Channel: johnnycharco
Imperial War Museum North - Full Tour
Imperial War Museum North - Full Tour
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: travelshorts
Imperial War Museum North Manchester
Imperial War Museum North Manchester
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: Macs Media
Churchill & The Cabinet War Rooms (1996) Part 1
Churchill & The Cabinet War Rooms (1996) Part 1
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Ella Phant
The First World War Gallery at Imperial War Museum London - walkthrough.
The First World War Gallery at Imperial War Museum London - walkthrough.
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: MrFord4210
Imperial War Museum - First World War Galleries
Imperial War Museum - First World War Galleries
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Squint/Opera
Inside the London Imperial War Museum video
Inside the London Imperial War Museum video
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: English Family
The Churchill War Rooms
The Churchill War Rooms
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: Imperial War Museums
The Imperial War Museum And Art Gallery | Get Germanized
The Imperial War Museum And Art Gallery | Get Germanized
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Get Germanized
Churchill War Rooms   Imperial War Museums
Churchill War Rooms Imperial War Museums
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: HeyItsRaymond
Imperial War Museum / London 2016 (HD)
Imperial War Museum / London 2016 (HD)
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: TheAdventurousVlogger
Time-Lapse: Transforming IWM London
Time-Lapse: Transforming IWM London
Published: 2013/07/31
Channel: Imperial War Museums
Cabinet Room in the Churchill War Rooms Museum
Cabinet Room in the Churchill War Rooms Museum
Published: 2013/12/21
Channel: Aaron's Travel and Adventure Network
CHURCHILL WAR ROOMS, London UK   (HD1080p)
CHURCHILL WAR ROOMS, London UK (HD1080p)
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: Kauko Helavuo
IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM - LONDON
IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM - LONDON
Published: 2012/04/08
Channel: CLOONAGH
" Imperial War  Museum "  LONDON
" Imperial War Museum " LONDON
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Miklós Tahin
Imperial War Museum Duxford Spring Air Show part 1
Imperial War Museum Duxford Spring Air Show part 1
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: The Mighty Jingles
London Imperial War Museum
London Imperial War Museum
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: John Finch
Flight of the Stories - Our New First World War Galleries
Flight of the Stories - Our New First World War Galleries
Published: 2014/07/06
Channel: Imperial War Museums
Normandy and the Churchill Museum and War Cabinet Rooms
Normandy and the Churchill Museum and War Cabinet Rooms
Published: 2013/11/29
Channel: jjkeyser
H. M. S.  BELFAST IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON, SEPTEMBER 2015
H. M. S. BELFAST IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON, SEPTEMBER 2015
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: GABRIEL VALENTIN
London Vlog: Imperial War Museum + Bus Ride!
London Vlog: Imperial War Museum + Bus Ride!
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: Amy's Adventures
Historical London: the Imperial War Museum
Historical London: the Imperial War Museum
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Books and Things
Imperial War Museum Duxford Vlog 26th February 2017
Imperial War Museum Duxford Vlog 26th February 2017
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Coaster Crazy
Imperial War Museum - London, UK
Imperial War Museum - London, UK
Published: 2010/04/13
Channel: FUDEXFILM - HISTORICAL RENACTMENT FILMS
Imperial War Museum Duxford Spring Air Day part 2
Imperial War Museum Duxford Spring Air Day part 2
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: The Mighty Jingles
Imperial War Museums Duxford IWM HD
Imperial War Museums Duxford IWM HD
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: Flight Video & Photo
Imperial War Museum, in London
Imperial War Museum, in London
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: LondonDrum
Imperial War Museum film
Imperial War Museum film
Published: 2007/08/05
Channel: Alan Heath
Imperial War Museum
Imperial War Museum
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Domingo Lemus
General Smuts At Hendon (1914-1918)
General Smuts At Hendon (1914-1918)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM - LAMBETH ROAD LONDON
IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM - LAMBETH ROAD LONDON
Published: 2012/04/06
Channel: CLOONAGH
Duxford Imperial War Museum 2017 Visit
Duxford Imperial War Museum 2017 Visit
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Bullet Rajah
Imperial War Museum London
Imperial War Museum London
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: PORTLAND1947
Imperial War Museum, London - Trench Experience
Imperial War Museum, London - Trench Experience
Published: 2011/12/22
Channel: Avic Subfusca
Imperial War Museum London
Imperial War Museum London
Published: 2008/11/29
Channel: DSVCZ
Britain
Britain's Imperial War Museum marks WWI centenary - le mag
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: euronews (in English)
Imperial War Museum
Imperial War Museum
Published: 2008/04/11
Channel: oldtimer49628
The Imperial War Museum London Experience
The Imperial War Museum London Experience
Published: 2007/05/05
Channel: mwilso
War Cabinet Room
War Cabinet Room
Published: 2010/06/25
Channel: bdj1776
London Imperial War Museum
London Imperial War Museum
Published: 2007/10/31
Channel: Bettyny1976
Imperial War Museum Artillery, Armor, and Tanks in London
Imperial War Museum Artillery, Armor, and Tanks in London
Published: 2012/04/28
Channel: Military History and Aviation
Duxford The Imperial War Museum
Duxford The Imperial War Museum
Published: 2011/10/14
Channel: mgroadster1977
Churchill & The Cabinet War Rooms (1996) Part 2
Churchill & The Cabinet War Rooms (1996) Part 2
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Ella Phant
Imperial War Museum London Visit
Imperial War Museum London Visit
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: guitar singapore travels
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Imperial War Cabinet in 1917
The Imperial War Cabinet at No. 10 Downing Street in 1917

The Imperial War Cabinet was the British Empire's wartime coordinating body. The Imperial War Conferences of 1917 and 1918 were a series of meetings held concurrent with the Imperial War Cabinet to co-ordinate governance of the British Empire during the war and prepare for the post-war situation.

First World War Imperial War Cabinet[edit]

The Imperial War Cabinet was created by British Prime Minister David Lloyd George in the spring of 1917 as a means of co-ordinating the British Empire's military policy during the First World War. Its creation was the result of a recognition by Lloyd George that the increased contribution by the dominions to the war effort necessitated increased consultation with dominion governments on the conduct of the war.

Participants[edit]

The body met through 1917 and 1918

Nation Name Portfolio
United Kingdom United Kingdom Lloyd George Prime Minister
Lord Curzon Leader of the House of Lords
Bonar Law Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons
 Canada Robert Borden Prime Minister of Canada
South Africa South Africa Louis Botha Prime Minister of South Africa
Jan Smuts Prime Minister of South Africa
Australia Australia Billy Hughes Prime Minister of Australia
New Zealand New Zealand William Massey Prime Minister of New Zealand
Sir Joseph Ward Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand
Dominion of Newfoundland Newfoundland Edward Morris Prime Minister of Newfoundland
British Raj India James Meston Lieutenant-Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
Ganga Singh Maharaja of Bikaner

Imperial War Conferences[edit]

Imperial War Conferences
Dates 21 March 191727 April 1917
12 June 191826 July 1918
Cities United Kingdom London, United Kingdom
Chair David Lloyd George
(Prime Minister)
Follows 1911 Imperial Conference
Precedes 1921 Imperial Conference
Key points
Imperial constitutional arrangements, Imperial Federation, international relations and treaties

The Imperial War Cabinet existed concurrently with Imperial Conferences (or "Imperial War Conferences") which were held from 21 March to 27 April 1917 and from 12 June to 26 July 1918.

In April 1917, the conference passed Resolution IX which resolved a conference was to be held after the war in order to rearrange Imperial constitutional arrangements "based upon a full recognition of the Dominions as autonomous nations of an Imperial Commonwealth", and should give the Dominions and India "a right... to an adequate voice in foreign policy and in foreign relations." This was the first instance in which the term Commonwealth was used officially.[1] The Imperial War Conference acknowledged the importance of the whole empire in defence policy by admitting India, not yet self-governing, to future imperial conferences.

In 1917 the Imperial War Conference also passed a resolution regarding a future special Imperial Conference to readjust the relations of the component parts of the Empire. That readjustment should be based upon the full recognition of the dominions as autonomous nations of an Imperial Commonwealth, with an "adequate voice" in foreign policy.

Second World War[edit]

Australian prime ministers Robert Menzies and John Curtin campaigned for the creation of an Imperial War Cabinet during the Second World War that would include representatives of all four dominions. British prime minister Winston Churchill was unenthusiastic as he felt the concept was unwieldy and since he was tepid towards the idea of sharing authority with the dominions.

Australia was unable to secure the support of the other three dominions: Canada, South Africa and New Zealand. Canadian prime minister William Lyon Mackenzie King was concerned that the idea would be a step towards Imperial Federation, which he opposed, New Zealand's government was satisfied with Churchill's conduct of the war and saw no need for change while South African prime minister Jan Smuts was already a Churchill confidante and similarly saw no need to change the way the war was run. It was also felt impractical for dominion prime ministers to spend extended periods in London instead of in their own capitals and that dominion ministers appointed to sit in an Imperial Cabinet would lack the authority to make decisions.

Instead of creating a separate Imperial War Cabinet, Churchill invited Smuts and Menzies to sit in and join the deliberations of Britain's War Cabinet whenever the leaders were in London. (These meetings of the British War Cabinet have sometimes been referred to as an Imperial War Cabinet.)

Stanley Bruce, Australia's High Commissioner to London, was delegated by his government to sit in on meetings of Churchill's War Cabinet. However, Churchill found Bruce's advice to be contrary to his own priorities and, as a result, Bruce found he was often not told when meetings were being held.

The 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference was called to obtain Commonwealth agreement to the Moscow Declaration of war aims and to co-ordinate Commonwealth efforts in the concluding years of the war and prepare for peacetime reconstruction and restructuring.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commonwealth". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica-Dominica. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 

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