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How will a fusion power plant work?
How will a fusion power plant work?
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: MaxPlanckSociety
Fusion Power Explained – Future or Failure
Fusion Power Explained – Future or Failure
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
Laser Inertial Fusion Energy - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Laser Inertial Fusion Energy - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Wiz Science™
Laser fusion
Laser fusion
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: New Scientist
How to Make A Fusion Reactor
How to Make A Fusion Reactor
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: BenNBuilds
HiPER Laser Nuclear Fusion Experiment
HiPER Laser Nuclear Fusion Experiment
Published: 2013/05/05
Channel: Muon Ray
KStar Ufo Power Plant  Magnetic Plasma Fusion Reactor
KStar Ufo Power Plant Magnetic Plasma Fusion Reactor
Published: 2010/05/25
Channel: freeenergy4everyone
Laser Fusion -- Is It Back to the Future Yet?
Laser Fusion -- Is It Back to the Future Yet?
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: SciShow
Fusion Reactor First Test Run
Fusion Reactor First Test Run
Published: 2008/04/05
Channel: userjjb
6c Fusion: inertial and magnetic approaches
6c Fusion: inertial and magnetic approaches
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Plasma Physics and Applications
Advanced Inertial Nuclear Fusion Reactor Kickstarter Introduction
Advanced Inertial Nuclear Fusion Reactor Kickstarter Introduction
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: AdvancedICFusion
The Fusion Driven Rocket - Fall 2012 NAIC
The Fusion Driven Rocket - Fall 2012 NAIC
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Ben Deniston
Divertor maintenance system for a fusion reactor
Divertor maintenance system for a fusion reactor
Published: 2013/01/04
Channel: VTTFinland
Nuclear fusion on the General Atomics DIII-D tokamak.
Nuclear fusion on the General Atomics DIII-D tokamak.
Published: 2014/12/20
Channel: 10mintwo
Inertial Confinement Fusion Simulation
Inertial Confinement Fusion Simulation
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Michael Knox
Laser fusion gets HiPERactive
Laser fusion gets HiPERactive
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: Physics World
Nuclear Fusion 500 Terawatt Laser at the National Ignition Facility
Nuclear Fusion 500 Terawatt Laser at the National Ignition Facility
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: Muon Ray
Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Reactor Mk. II
Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Reactor Mk. II
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: Will Jack
Fusion Plasma Physics and ITER - An Introduction (1/4)
Fusion Plasma Physics and ITER - An Introduction (1/4)
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Teknociencia
Minute Physics- Inertial Confinement Fusion
Minute Physics- Inertial Confinement Fusion
Published: 2012/05/20
Channel: thevolkmann
How NIF Works
How NIF Works
Published: 2009/07/30
Channel: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
ITER - TOKAMAK: fusion history in a nutshell
ITER - TOKAMAK: fusion history in a nutshell
Published: 2009/06/08
Channel: iterorganization
Fusion Reactor: Complete Construction and Operation- Kuba and Noah
Fusion Reactor: Complete Construction and Operation- Kuba and Noah
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: Kuba Anglin
Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear Fusion
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Jeremy LeFevre
Mike Dunne on the progress toward inertial fusion ignition at NIF
Mike Dunne on the progress toward inertial fusion ignition at NIF
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: SPIETV
Magnetic confinement fusion - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Magnetic confinement fusion - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Wiz Science™
How I built a nuclear reactor at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxCERN
How I built a nuclear reactor at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxCERN
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: TEDx Talks
homemade fusor (nuclear fusion reactor) - neutron and x-ray radiation, silver activation
homemade fusor (nuclear fusion reactor) - neutron and x-ray radiation, silver activation
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: bionerd23
Saturn Laser Fusion Reactor: Occultscience 101
Saturn Laser Fusion Reactor: Occultscience 101
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: The Smoky God
4a The Sun: a gravitationally confined fusion reactor
4a The Sun: a gravitationally confined fusion reactor
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: Plasma Physics and Applications
Focus Fusion: The Fastest Route to Cheap, Clean Energy
Focus Fusion: The Fastest Route to Cheap, Clean Energy
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: GoogleTalksArchive
Should Google Go Nuclear? Clean, cheap, nuclear power...
Should Google Go Nuclear? Clean, cheap, nuclear power...
Published: 2007/10/09
Channel: GoogleTechTalks
Magnetic Confinement of Nuclear Fusion
Magnetic Confinement of Nuclear Fusion
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: AK LECTURES
Steve
Steve's Overview of Inertial Fusion Energy
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: Steve Goldstein
LIFE: Laser Initial Fusion Energy System
LIFE: Laser Initial Fusion Energy System
Published: 2009/07/01
Channel: Stanford
laser fusion.mp4
laser fusion.mp4
Published: 2010/11/10
Channel: uclaphysicsvideo
Achieving nuclear fusion at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxSalford
Achieving nuclear fusion at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxSalford
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: TEDx Talks
My Demonstration IEC Nuclear Fusion Reactor
My Demonstration IEC Nuclear Fusion Reactor
Published: 2010/03/02
Channel: Will Jack
Fission Fusion Reactor and Future of Nuclear Energy in U.S.
Fission Fusion Reactor and Future of Nuclear Energy in U.S.
Published: 2010/02/19
Channel: CleanEnergy4America
Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear Fusion
Published: 2009/02/01
Channel: Chip Proser
magnetised targeted fusion
magnetised targeted fusion
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: Roxana Merry
Breakthrough Physics: Fusion Energy 25
Breakthrough Physics: Fusion Energy 25
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: John Nordberg
hydrogen cold fusion plasma electrolysis Reactor CFR.mp4
hydrogen cold fusion plasma electrolysis Reactor CFR.mp4
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: fuzelectricnyc fuzz
Make Energy from Fusion
Make Energy from Fusion
Published: 2011/08/04
Channel: niglobal
FUSION ENERGY, ICF and MCF
FUSION ENERGY, ICF and MCF
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: EverythingCheap
Professor Damian Hampshire talks about fusion energy, suggesting it could be economically viable.
Professor Damian Hampshire talks about fusion energy, suggesting it could be economically viable.
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: DurhamUniversity
The Smart Model Theoretical Fusion Reactor Plant Part 2
The Smart Model Theoretical Fusion Reactor Plant Part 2
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Jayolucus
6d Simple design of a magnetic fusion reactor
6d Simple design of a magnetic fusion reactor
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Plasma Physics and Applications
Fusion Energy - Sorlox Nautilus Compressor
Fusion Energy - Sorlox Nautilus Compressor
Published: 2013/08/20
Channel: Sorlox
Fusion Reactor Run
Fusion Reactor Run
Published: 2009/10/18
Channel: IdRatherBeCubing
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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An inertial fusion power plant is intended to produce electric power by use of inertial confinement fusion techniques on an industrial scale. This type of power plant is still in a research phase.

Two established options for possible medium-term implementation of fusion energy production are magnetic confinement, being used in the ITER international project, and laser-based inertial confinement, as used in the French Laser Mégajoule and in the American NIF. Inertial confinement fusion (ICF), including heavy-ion inertial fusion (HIF), has been proposed as a possible additional means of implementing a fusion power plant.

Overall principles of an Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) reactor[edit]

The operation of an IFE reactor is in some ways analogous to the operation of the four stroke cycle of a petrol engine:

  • intake of the fusion fuel (microcapsule) into the reactor chamber;
  • compression of the microcapsule in order to initiate the fusion reactions;
  • explosion of the plasma created during the compression stroke, leading to the release of fusion energy;
  • exhaust of the reaction residue, which will be treated afterwards to extract all the reusable elements, mainly tritium.

To allow such an operation, an inertial fusion reactor is made of several subsets:

Mockup of a golden hohlraum used in laser inertial confinement.
  • the injection system, which delivers to the reaction chamber the fusion fuel capsules, and at the same time the possible devices necessary to initiate fusion:
    • the container (hohlraum), intended to take the fuel capsule to a uniform very high temperature, mainly for laser and ion beam confinement techniques;
    • the "wires array" and its power transmission line, for z-pinch confinement technique;
  • the "driver" used to compress the fusion fuel capsules which, depending on the technique, can be lasers, an ion beam accelerator or a z-pinch device;
  • the reaction chamber, built upon an external wall made of metal, or an internal blanket intended to protect the external wall from the fusion shockwave and radiation, to get the emitted energy, and to produce the tritium fuel;
  • the system intended to process reaction products and debris.

IFE projects[edit]

Several projects of inertial fusion power plants have been proposed, including power production plans based on the following experimental devices, either in operation or under construction:

Only the US and French projects are based on z-pinch confinement; others are based on laser confinement techniques.

In the magnetic confinement field, the 2nd phase corresponds to the objectives of ITER, the 3rd to these of its follower DEMO, in 20 to 30 years, and the 4th to those of a possible PROTO, in 40 to 50 years. The various phases of such a project are the following:

  • Burning demonstration: reproducible achievement of energy release
  • High gain demonstration: experimental demonstration of the feasibility of a reactor with a sufficient energy gain
  • Industrial demonstration: validation of the various technical options, and of the whole data needed to define a commercial reactor
  • Commercial demonstration: demonstration of the reactor ability to work over a long period, while maintaining the requirements for safety, liability and cost.

As of June 2006, Megajoule and NIF lasers were not yet in complete service. Inertial confinement and laser confinement fusion experiments had not gone beyond the first phase. Around 2010, NIF and Megajoule were planned for completion.

Livermore's IFE (LIFE) project was cancelled in January 2014.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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