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How will a fusion power plant work?
How will a fusion power plant work?
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: MaxPlanckSociety
Laser Inertial Fusion Energy - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Laser Inertial Fusion Energy - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Wiz Science™
HIPER LASER NUCLEAR FUSION EXPERIMENT
HIPER LASER NUCLEAR FUSION EXPERIMENT
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: David Arias
How to Make A Fusion Reactor
How to Make A Fusion Reactor
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: BenNBuilds
Nuclear Fusion 500 Terawatt Laser at the National Ignition Facility
Nuclear Fusion 500 Terawatt Laser at the National Ignition Facility
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: Muon Ray
Fusion Power Explained – Future or Failure
Fusion Power Explained – Future or Failure
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
KStar Ufo Power Plant  Magnetic Plasma Fusion Reactor
KStar Ufo Power Plant Magnetic Plasma Fusion Reactor
Published: 2010/05/25
Channel: freeenergy4everyone
Z Pulsed Power Facility - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Z Pulsed Power Facility - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Wiz Science™
Laser fusion
Laser fusion
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: New Scientist
Focus Fusion: The Fastest Route to Cheap, Clean Energy
Focus Fusion: The Fastest Route to Cheap, Clean Energy
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: GoogleTalksArchive
Fusion Reactor: Complete Construction and Operation- Kuba and Noah
Fusion Reactor: Complete Construction and Operation- Kuba and Noah
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: Kuba Anglin
Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Reactor Mk. II
Inertial Electrostatic Confinement Fusion Reactor Mk. II
Published: 2011/03/31
Channel: Will Jack
Fusion Plasma Physics and ITER - An Introduction (1/4)
Fusion Plasma Physics and ITER - An Introduction (1/4)
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Teknociencia
Magnetic confinement fusion - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Magnetic confinement fusion - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Wiz Science™
Mike Dunne on the progress toward inertial fusion ignition at NIF
Mike Dunne on the progress toward inertial fusion ignition at NIF
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: SPIETV
Book | An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy
Book | An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Walker Stallworth
An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy | Ebook
An Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy | Ebook
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Lane Yu
Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear Fusion
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Jeremy LeFevre
Fusion Power, How it Works   Documentary
Fusion Power, How it Works Documentary
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: GonzoKlutz Documentaries
Laser Fusion -- Is It Back to the Future Yet?
Laser Fusion -- Is It Back to the Future Yet?
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: SciShow
Fusion energy: Powerplant of the future
Fusion energy: Powerplant of the future
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: CulhamFusionEnergy
Magnetized Target Fusion | Peter O
Magnetized Target Fusion | Peter O'Shea | TEDxBrentwoodCollegeSchool
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: TEDx Talks
Achieving nuclear fusion at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxSalford
Achieving nuclear fusion at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxSalford
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: TEDx Talks
Building a homemade magnetic confinement fusion reactor
Building a homemade magnetic confinement fusion reactor
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: Lloyd Share
Steve
Steve's Overview of Inertial Fusion Energy
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: Steve Goldstein
My Demonstration IEC Nuclear Fusion Reactor
My Demonstration IEC Nuclear Fusion Reactor
Published: 2010/03/02
Channel: Will Jack
Should Google Go Nuclear? Clean, cheap, nuclear power (no, really)
Should Google Go Nuclear? Clean, cheap, nuclear power (no, really)
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: GoogleTalksArchive
6c Fusion: inertial and magnetic approaches
6c Fusion: inertial and magnetic approaches
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Plasma Physics and Applications
NUCLEAR FUSION PRESENTATION
NUCLEAR FUSION PRESENTATION
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: Gabriele Mogni
Oppression of Fusion Energy by US Continues Despite Fake "Clean Power Plan"
Oppression of Fusion Energy by US Continues Despite Fake "Clean Power Plan"
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: ZP ZAP
The Smart Model Theoretical Fusion Reactor Plant Part1
The Smart Model Theoretical Fusion Reactor Plant Part1
Published: 2016/05/12
Channel: Jayolucus
How I built a nuclear reactor at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxCERN
How I built a nuclear reactor at the age of 13 | Jamie Edwards | TEDxCERN
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: TEDx Talks
6d Simple design of a magnetic fusion reactor
6d Simple design of a magnetic fusion reactor
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Plasma Physics and Applications
6a Thermonuclear fusion: the basics
6a Thermonuclear fusion: the basics
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Plasma Physics and Applications
IEC Fusion for Dummies v5.7
IEC Fusion for Dummies v5.7
Published: 2007/05/27
Channel: Roger Fox
Advanced Inertial Nuclear Fusion Reactor Kickstarter Introduction
Advanced Inertial Nuclear Fusion Reactor Kickstarter Introduction
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: AdvancedICFusion
Nuclear Fusion: Engine of the Stars and Energy of the Future
Nuclear Fusion: Engine of the Stars and Energy of the Future
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: SpaceChallenges
Inertial Confinement Fusion Simulation
Inertial Confinement Fusion Simulation
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Michael Knox
SimCity BuildIt: Fusion Power Plant (Upgrading)
SimCity BuildIt: Fusion Power Plant (Upgrading)
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: edepot gaming
Divertor maintenance system for a fusion reactor
Divertor maintenance system for a fusion reactor
Published: 2013/01/04
Channel: VTTFinland
Inertial electrostatic confinement - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Inertial electrostatic confinement - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Wiz Science™
Y Combinator And Mithril Invest In Helion, A Nuclear Fusion Startup
Y Combinator And Mithril Invest In Helion, A Nuclear Fusion Startup
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Wochit Tech
Inertial confinement fusion Top # 20 Facts
Inertial confinement fusion Top # 20 Facts
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Harshal Pandya
LIFE: Laser Initial Fusion Energy System
LIFE: Laser Initial Fusion Energy System
Published: 2009/07/01
Channel: Stanford
World
World's smallest fusion reactor
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: Tanner Oates
Fission & Fusion
Fission & Fusion
Published: 2013/07/13
Channel: AdvancedICFusion
NUCLEAR FUSION DEBATE
NUCLEAR FUSION DEBATE
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: Gabriele Mogni
The Road to Fusion Power - Off-World/Off-Topic Ep. 23 (full show)
The Road to Fusion Power - Off-World/Off-Topic Ep. 23 (full show)
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: Off-World Empire
Fukushima breaking news; the JAPAN NUCLEAR Experiment  the UNITED STATES OF NUCLEARISM
Fukushima breaking news; the JAPAN NUCLEAR Experiment the UNITED STATES OF NUCLEARISM
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: kevin blanch
What Can I Do to Stop Climate Change? | Klaus Lackner | TEDxASU
What Can I Do to Stop Climate Change? | Klaus Lackner | TEDxASU
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: TEDx Talks
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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An inertial fusion power plant is intended to produce electric power by use of inertial confinement fusion techniques on an industrial scale. This type of power plant is still in a research phase.

Two established options for possible medium-term implementation of fusion energy production are magnetic confinement, being used in the ITER international project, and laser-based inertial confinement, as used in the French Laser Mégajoule and in the American NIF. Inertial confinement fusion (ICF), including heavy-ion inertial fusion (HIF), has been proposed as a possible additional means of implementing a fusion power plant.

Overall principles of an Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) reactor[edit]

The operation of an IFE reactor is in some ways analogous to the operation of the four stroke cycle of a petrol engine:

  • intake of the fusion fuel (microcapsule) into the reactor chamber;
  • compression of the microcapsule in order to initiate the fusion reactions;
  • explosion of the plasma created during the compression stroke, leading to the release of fusion energy;
  • exhaust of the reaction residue, which will be treated afterwards to extract all the reusable elements, mainly tritium.

To allow such an operation, an inertial fusion reactor is made of several subsets:

Mockup of a golden hohlraum used in laser inertial confinement.
  • the injection system, which delivers to the reaction chamber the fusion fuel capsules, and at the same time the possible devices necessary to initiate fusion:
    • the container (hohlraum), intended to take the fuel capsule to a uniform very high temperature, mainly for laser and ion beam confinement techniques;
    • the "wires array" and its power transmission line, for z-pinch confinement technique;
  • the "driver" used to compress the fusion fuel capsules which, depending on the technique, can be lasers, an ion beam accelerator or a z-pinch device;
  • the reaction chamber, built upon an external wall made of metal, or an internal blanket intended to protect the external wall from the fusion shockwave and radiation, to get the emitted energy, and to produce the tritium fuel;
  • the system intended to process reaction products and debris.

IFE projects[edit]

Several projects of inertial fusion power plants have been proposed, including power production plans based on the following experimental devices, either in operation or under construction:

Only the US and French projects are based on z-pinch confinement; others are based on laser confinement techniques.

In the magnetic confinement field, the 2nd phase corresponds to the objectives of ITER, the 3rd to these of its follower DEMO, in 20 to 30 years, and the 4th to those of a possible PROTO, in 40 to 50 years. The various phases of such a project are the following:

  • Burning demonstration: reproducible achievement of energy release
  • High gain demonstration: experimental demonstration of the feasibility of a reactor with a sufficient energy gain
  • Industrial demonstration: validation of the various technical options, and of the whole data needed to define a commercial reactor
  • Commercial demonstration: demonstration of the reactor ability to work over a long period, while maintaining the requirements for safety, liability and cost.

As of June 2006, Megajoule and NIF lasers were not yet in complete service. Inertial confinement and laser confinement fusion experiments had not gone beyond the first phase. Around 2010, NIF and Megajoule were planned for completion.

Livermore's IFE (LIFE) project was cancelled in January 2014.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Seife, Charles (October 16, 2014). "Fusion Energy’s Dreamers, Hucksters, and Loons: Bottling up the power of the sun will always be 20 years away". Slate. 

Further reading[edit]

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