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Ingolstadt - Imagefilm "FlyINg"
Ingolstadt - Imagefilm "FlyINg"
Published: 2014/01/13
Channel: Stadt Ingolstadt
My Ingolstadt -- Vacationing with a Tourist from Canada | Discover Germany - My...
My Ingolstadt -- Vacationing with a Tourist from Canada | Discover Germany - My...
Published: 2010/07/08
Channel: DW English
Ingolstadt von oben - ANTENNE BAYERN "Bayern von oben"
Ingolstadt von oben - ANTENNE BAYERN "Bayern von oben"
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: ANTENNE BAYERN
Audi Factory Ingolstadt
Audi Factory Ingolstadt
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Βασίλης Σαρημπαλίδης
A9 München - Ingolstadt / Germany
A9 München - Ingolstadt / Germany
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: PL & EU Highways
Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt - ARD-alpha
Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt - ARD-alpha
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: Bayerischer Rundfunk
Audi und Ingolstadt: Eine Region in Sorge | Kontrovers | BR
Audi und Ingolstadt: Eine Region in Sorge | Kontrovers | BR
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: ARD
Ingolstadt, Germany tour
Ingolstadt, Germany tour
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: Iqram Hussain
Audi RS Quattro 2017 Ingolstadt
Audi RS Quattro 2017 Ingolstadt
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Drivezone
FC Ingolstadt 04 vs. 1. FC Koln | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
FC Ingolstadt 04 vs. 1. FC Koln | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: FOX Soccer
Ingolstadt im Nationalsozialismus
Ingolstadt im Nationalsozialismus
Published: 2010/05/12
Channel: Stadt Ingolstadt
FC Ingolstadt vs. ​Werder Bremen | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
FC Ingolstadt vs. ​Werder Bremen | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: FOX Soccer
ingolstadt
ingolstadt
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Ivan Milinkov
Lasogga Provides Hamburg Lifeline - Ingolstadt
Lasogga Provides Hamburg Lifeline - Ingolstadt's Late Relegation Drama
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: Bundesliga
24h timelapse Ingolstadt
24h timelapse Ingolstadt
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: INflowmotion Production
IN Ingolstadt KreuzUndQuer
IN Ingolstadt KreuzUndQuer
Published: 2011/08/23
Channel: dickeinauffett
Imagefilm Ingolstadt - 500 Jahre Bayerisches Reinheitsgebot für Bier
Imagefilm Ingolstadt - 500 Jahre Bayerisches Reinheitsgebot für Bier
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Stadt Ingolstadt
Spontan Casting in Ingolstadt | Germany’s next Topmodel 2015 | ProSieben
Spontan Casting in Ingolstadt | Germany’s next Topmodel 2015 | ProSieben
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: Germany's next Topmodel
Alt-Ingolstadt  von 1925
Alt-Ingolstadt von 1925
Published: 2010/05/09
Channel: Stadt Ingolstadt
Nazi Aufmarsch in Ingolstadt - 9.4.2016
Nazi Aufmarsch in Ingolstadt - 9.4.2016
Published: 2016/04/10
Channel: SPICY
[Zimmerbrand - Personen in Gefahr] Ausrücken der Berufs- und Freiwilligen Feuerwehr Ingolstadt!
[Zimmerbrand - Personen in Gefahr] Ausrücken der Berufs- und Freiwilligen Feuerwehr Ingolstadt!
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Firescue112
Ingolstadt vs. Leverkusen | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
Ingolstadt vs. Leverkusen | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: FOX Soccer
Pharrell Williams - Happy Indians in Germany (Ingolstadt version)
Pharrell Williams - Happy Indians in Germany (Ingolstadt version)
Published: 2014/05/30
Channel: Balaji srinivasan
Passantenbefragung in Ingolstadt
Passantenbefragung in Ingolstadt
Published: 2013/02/15
Channel: Blickwinkelredaktion
Vlog Neuwagenabholung Audi a1 in Ingolstadt II DandStime
Vlog Neuwagenabholung Audi a1 in Ingolstadt II DandStime
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: DandSTime
Meine Stadt [Ingolstadt]
Meine Stadt [Ingolstadt]
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Noah Bauer
Kultur IN Ingolstadt - Imagefilm
Kultur IN Ingolstadt - Imagefilm
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Stadt Ingolstadt
#10 Pascal Groß •● Goals and Assists ●• 14/15 || Ingolstadt || HD 720p
#10 Pascal Groß •● Goals and Assists ●• 14/15 || Ingolstadt || HD 720p
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Brzzer
FIFA 17: INGOLSTADT ACCEPT ALL TO GLORY XXL 🔥 | DIE UNMÖGLICHE CHALLENGE !! 😱 | KARRIERE DEUTSCH
FIFA 17: INGOLSTADT ACCEPT ALL TO GLORY XXL 🔥 | DIE UNMÖGLICHE CHALLENGE !! 😱 | KARRIERE DEUTSCH
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: FIFATour
Flashmob "Skyfall" Adele | Ingolstadt
Flashmob "Skyfall" Adele | Ingolstadt
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: Raphael Klepmeir
Borussia Dortmund vs FC Ingolstadt 04 | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
Borussia Dortmund vs FC Ingolstadt 04 | 2016-17 Bundesliga Highlights
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: FOX Soccer
Aubameyang, Lezcano, & Pulisic Score in Memorable Match: Ingolstadt vs. Dortmund
Aubameyang, Lezcano, & Pulisic Score in Memorable Match: Ingolstadt vs. Dortmund
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Bundesliga
Musikantenstadl Best of Samstag, 15. Juni 2013 in Ingolstadt
Musikantenstadl Best of Samstag, 15. Juni 2013 in Ingolstadt
Published: 2013/06/16
Channel: NTKfilms123
Ingolstadt 3 VS 3 Dortmund Bundesliga | A. Cohen, D. Lezcano 2 | P. Aubameyang, A. Ramos, C. Pulisic
Ingolstadt 3 VS 3 Dortmund Bundesliga | A. Cohen, D. Lezcano 2 | P. Aubameyang, A. Ramos, C. Pulisic
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: andi gilang99
SKATEHALLE INGOLSTADT
SKATEHALLE INGOLSTADT
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Louis Hörner
Günter Grünwald - Ingolstadt Würstelstand
Günter Grünwald - Ingolstadt Würstelstand
Published: 2009/10/31
Channel: Michael Stelz
Chronologie der Geiselnahme in Ingolstadt
Chronologie der Geiselnahme in Ingolstadt
Published: 2013/08/20
Channel: TV Bayern Media
Audi Neuwagen Abholung in Ingolstadt und Neckarsulm
Audi Neuwagen Abholung in Ingolstadt und Neckarsulm
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Jörg Lautenschlager
Meuthen und Bystron in Ingolstadt Teil 3 - Rede Prof. Dr.  Meuthen
Meuthen und Bystron in Ingolstadt Teil 3 - Rede Prof. Dr. Meuthen
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: AfD informiert
"Ein schwerer Brocken" I Stimmen vor dem Ingolstadt-Spiel I fcstpauli.tv
"Ein schwerer Brocken" I Stimmen vor dem Ingolstadt-Spiel I fcstpauli.tv
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: flimmerkiste1910
Der ZSC und seine Anhänger in Ingolstadt - zscblog.ch
Der ZSC und seine Anhänger in Ingolstadt - zscblog.ch
Published: 2012/08/13
Channel: zscblog ch
Führerstandsmitfahrt Ingolstadt - Nürnberg Hochgeschwindigkeit 280 km/h
Führerstandsmitfahrt Ingolstadt - Nürnberg Hochgeschwindigkeit 280 km/h
Published: 2013/12/22
Channel: SpeedTF
Audi Ingolstadt  Assembly Plant
Audi Ingolstadt Assembly Plant
Published: 2010/03/17
Channel: eurocarnews
Lasertag Ingolstadt Teaser
Lasertag Ingolstadt Teaser
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Lasertag Welt Ingolstadt
Skatehalleneröffnung Ingolstadt & Skatecontest by CREWD SKATESHOP
Skatehalleneröffnung Ingolstadt & Skatecontest by CREWD SKATESHOP
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: Louis Hörner
Akûma - Ingolstadt
Akûma - Ingolstadt
Published: 2014/01/06
Channel: Los Grises
Dynamo Dresden - FC Ingolstadt
Dynamo Dresden - FC Ingolstadt
Published: 2012/03/14
Channel: ElbkaidaTV
So feiern die Bayern in Ingolstadt
So feiern die Bayern in Ingolstadt
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: FC Bayern München
Halbmarathon Ingolstadt
Halbmarathon Ingolstadt
Published: 2011/01/25
Channel: Stadt Ingolstadt
Emma si Cristi Repede - Biserica Betania Ingolstadt
Emma si Cristi Repede - Biserica Betania Ingolstadt
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: NATURARTE
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt by night
Ingolstadt by night
Flag of Ingolstadt
Flag
Coat of arms of Ingolstadt
Coat of arms
Ingolstadt   is located in Germany
Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
Coordinates: 48°46′N 11°26′E / 48.767°N 11.433°E / 48.767; 11.433Coordinates: 48°46′N 11°26′E / 48.767°N 11.433°E / 48.767; 11.433
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberbayern
District Urban district
Government
 • Lord Mayor Christian Lösel (CSU)
Area
 • Total 133.37 km2 (51.49 sq mi)
Elevation 374 m (1,227 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 132,438
 • Density 990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 85049–85057
Dialling codes 0841
08450 (Zuchering, Brunnenreuth)
08424 (Irgertsheim)
08458 (Pettenhofen/Mühlhausen/Dünzlau)
08459 (Niederfeld)
Vehicle registration IN
Website www.ingolstadt.de

Ingolstadt (German pronunciation: [ˈɪŋɡɔlˌʃtat]; Austro-Bavarian [ˈɪŋl̩ʃtɔːd]) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany. It is located along the banks of the River Danube, in the centre of Bavaria. As of 31 December 2014, Ingolstadt had 131,002 citizens. It is part of the Munich Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of more than 5 million.

The Illuminati, a Bavarian secret society, was founded in Ingolstadt in the late 18th century.

Ingolstadt is a setting in the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, where the scientist Victor Frankenstein creates his monster.

It is the site of the headquarters of the German automobile manufacturer Audi, defence aircraft manufacturer Airbus (formerly Cassidian Air Systems), and electronic stores Media Markt and Saturn.

Ingolstadt Central Station has been connected to Nuremberg by a high-speed rail link since May 2006. Ingolstadt also has a second passenger station at Ingolstadt Nord.

Geography[edit]

Covering an urban area of 133.35 square kilometres (51.49 sq mi), Ingolstadt is geographically Bavaria's fourth-largest city after Munich, Nuremberg and Augsburg. At its largest point the city is about 18 km (11 miles) from east to west and from north to south about 15 km (9 miles). The city boundary has a length of 70 km (43 miles).

The city boundary is about 14 km (9 mi) away from the geographic centre of Bavaria in Kipfenberg. The old town is approximately 374 metres (1,227 feet) above sea level and the highest point, located in the district of Pettenhofen, is 410.87 m (1,348.00 ft). The lowest point of the Schutter confluence with the Danube is at 362 m (1,188 ft) above sea level. Ingolstadt uses Central European Time as throughout Germany; the average time lag is 14 minutes.

The city is expanding at the northern and southern banks of the Danube in a wide flat bowl. The Ingolstadt basin borders the Jura foothills, located south and is to the north of the Donau-Isar-Hügelland. In the southwest is the Donaumoos while in the east the lowland forests of the Danube reach into the urban area. It is the second largest hardwood floodplain on the Danube. The Sandrach, the former Southern main branch of the Danube, partly forms the Southern city border. In the north, the Schutter flows through from the west reaching the Danube near to the Altstadt.

History and culture[edit]

Old City Hall
Church of Our Lady
The Kreuztor

Ingolstadt was first mentioned in a document of Charlemagne on 6 February 806 as "Ingoldes stat", the place of Ingold. Circa 1250, Ingolstadt was granted city status.

Ingolstadt was the capital of the Duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt between 1392 and 1447. Ingolstadt was then united with Bavaria-Landshut. Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria ordered the building of the New Castle, whose form was strongly influenced by French Gothic architecture.

In 1472 Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria founded the University of Ingolstadt which became the Ludwig-Maximilians-University. In 1800 it was moved to Landshut and in 1826 eventually to Munich. The University of Ingolstadt was an important defender of the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation era, led by such notable scholars as Johann Eck.

Ingolstadt is where William IV, Duke of Bavaria wrote and signed the Bavarian Reinheitsgebot in 1516.

In the Battle of Ingolstadt in May 1525, the Black Company – a unit of Franconian farmers and knights fighting on the side of the peasants during the German Peasants' War – took their last stand at Ingolstadt against the Swabian League, all eventually being defeated and killed.

On 30 April 1632, the German field marshal Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly died at Ingolstadt during a Swedish siege of the city. The field marshal had been badly wounded in a previous engagement with the Swedes under King Gustavus Adolphus. Ingolstadt proved to be the first fortress in Germany that held out for the entire length of the Swedish siege, and the Swedes eventually withdrew.

The remains of Gustavus Adolphus' horse can be seen in the City Museum. The horse was shot from under the king by one of the cannons inside the fortress, a cannon known as "The Fig". When the Swedes withdrew, the city preserved the remains of the king's horse, eventually putting the form on display. It has remained thus for almost 400 years. In 1748, Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Order of Illuminati, was born in Ingolstadt. After the French invasion in 1799 the fortress was demolished and the university was relocated to Landshut.

Originally a fortress city, Ingolstadt is enclosed by a medieval defensive wall. The Bavarian fortress (1537–1930) now holds the museum of the Bavarian army. During World War I, future French president Charles de Gaulle was detained there as a prisoner of war. A sappers' drill ground lies next to the river, and two military air bases are located nearby, one used for testing aircraft. The long military tradition of the city is reflected in today's civil and cultural life. Former "off-limit" military training areas have been converted into well-used public parks.

Adolf Scherzer composed the "Bayerischen Defiliermarsch". Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was set at the Ingolstädter Alte Anatomie (Old Anatomy Building), now a museum for medical history. Marieluise Fleißer set her play Pioneers in Ingolstadt (1928) in the city.

In 1945, the car manufacturer Auto Union first arrived in the city. The company's original factories in Chemnitz and Zwickau (both then in Soviet controlled East Germany) were shattered during the war, and were seized by the Russians as reparations. Auto Union executives initially started a spare parts operation in Ingolstadt in the immediate post war period, with a view to relocating the entire company to the region. With the help of Marshall Plan aid, Auto Union was formally re-founded in Ingolstadt in 1949, ultimately evolving into the modern-era Audi company, after it was taken over by Volkswagen in 1964. Today, Audi is the region's largest employer and now dominates the economy of the city.

Largest groups of foreign residents[2]
Nationality Population (2017)
 Turkey 5,589
 Romania 2,393
 Yugoslavia 2,298
 Poland 1,592
 Greece 1,134
 Italy 1,006
 Syria 972
 Hungary 814

Cityscape[edit]

Main sights[edit]

As one of five ducal residences of medieval Bavaria — besides Landshut, Munich, Straubing and Burghausen — the city of Ingolstadt features many Gothic buildings, such as the Herzogskasten (Old ducal castle; ca. 1255) and the New Castle, which was built from 1418 onwards. The largest church is the Gothic hall church of Our Lady, which was begun in 1425. Also the churches of Saint Maurice (1235) and of the Gnadenthal and Franciscans monasteries date from the Gothic era. The Kreuztor (1385) is one of the remaining gates of the old city wall. The Gothic Old City Hall was constructed in the 14th century, and later altered several times.

The Baroque era is represented by the Old Anatomy Building of the university (1723–1736, designed by Gabriel de Gabrieli) and the church St. Maria de Victoria, which was built by the Asam brothers (1732–1736). The church of the Augustinians of Johann Michael Fischer (1736) was completely destroyed in World War II.

Many buildings of the neo-classical fortification of Leo von Klenze have been preserved, such as the Reduit Tilly and the towers Baur and Triva.

As well as being the home of the headquarters of the car manufacturer Audi, the town is also home to Audi's museum mobile, which is open to the public and presents historic exhibits and offers guided tours.

Parks and natural areas[edit]

Ingolstadt is a green city with numerous parks, green spaces and forests. The most prominent of these is the "Glacis", formerly an open space in front of the city walls, now surrounding the historic city center. It functions as a "green belt" and a buffer area between traffic, residential areas and schools. It is possible to traverse it using spacious paths for pedestrians and cyclists, with a good view of the site of the former fortifications, including a well-preserved section of the ditch. The biggest park in the city, the Klenzepark, which contained the former Ingolstadt State Fortress, and was the site of the Landesgartenschau in 1992, is also a part of the Glacis.

The biggest forest in Ingolstadt is the Auwald ("riverside forest", also called "Schüttel"). It is found on both the northern and southern banks of the Danube, and is one of the biggest well-preserved river forests in Germany, extending mainly from Neuburg to Ingolstadt with extensions to the city center. The forest serves as a natural reserve, with parts containing unique vegetation or acting as a wildlife reserve.

Schools[edit]

Ingolstadt School of Management[edit]

Ingolstadt is home of one of Germany's foremost[citation needed] business schools: the Ingolstadt School of Management. It is the department of business administration and economics of the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. In national rankings, the business school regularly scores among the top ten, which is due to its high academic quality and excellent student:professor ratio. The faculty maintains a large network of partner universities for international educational exchange.

The Ingolstadt School of management offers bachelor's and master's degrees in business administration (German: BWL - Betriebswirtschaftslehre). Among the academic programs offered are also an executive MBA and doctoral degrees.

University of Applied Sciences[edit]

The University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt is a new university for technology, computer sciences and business administration. With around 2,500 students the University is the biggest institution of learning in Ingolstadt.

Several scholarship programmes supported by companies such as Siemens and Temic provide gifted students with financial assistance during their studies. These students deepen their practical experience by working at these organizations.

The University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt offers several undergraduate and graduate programmes. Every programme is listed under the top 25 in Germany.

Sports[edit]

The sports life of the city is based on the 83 registered sports clubs. The biggest sports club is the MTV 1881 Ingolstadt, with over 3000 registered members in 16 branches. In total, the sports clubs in Ingolstadt have more than 41,000 members.

Ingolstadt is especially known for ice hockey and association football. ERC Ingolstadt, founded in 1964, plays in the German Ice Hockey League since the 2002-03 season. With the exception of its season of debut and 2007–08, the club has reached the national play-offs every year as of 2014, and has reached the semi-finals three times. They won the German Ice Hockey League Championship in 2014.

The football club FC Ingolstadt 04 came into existence in 2004 after the merger of the football branches of MTV Ingolstadt and ESV Ingolstadt. In the 2007-08 season, it was promoted from the third highest division at the time, Regionalliga Süd to 2. Bundesliga. In the 2008-09 season, it was relegated at the penultimate place, but was promoted again in 2010-11 and remained in 2. Bundesliga till 2015. In 2015, Ingolstadt won the 2. Bundesliga and were promoted to the country's highest league, the Bundesliga. During their first season in the Bundesliga, Ingolstadt finished in 11th place. They were relegated to 2. Bundesliga by the end of the 2016-17 season.

Literary references[edit]

Ingolstadt is one of the many settings in Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein. Primarily, Victor Frankenstein attends university in Ingolstadt. The musical version of the novel, Frankenstein - A New Musical has many scenes set in Ingolstadt.

Ingolstadt is also a pivotal location in The Illuminatus! Trilogy by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson.

Dr. Faust is mentioned in an old and short local tale.

The sixth scene of "Mother Courage and Her Children" by "Bertolt Brecht" is set in Ingolstadt, when count Tilly died in 1632, during the "Thirty Years War"

Rainer Werner Fassbinder's 1971 film Pioneers in Ingolstadt is set in the town.

The X-Files episode "The Post-Modern Prometheus" makes a reference to the University of Ingolstadt. This was an allusion to Frankenstein, as the episode was filled with Frankenstein references, and the full title of Frankenstein is actually "Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus" (also see: Prometheus).

International relations[edit]

Several other cities are sister cities to Ingolstadt:

Organizations and clubs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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