Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Airport Codes Decoded | Everyday Questions
Airport Codes Decoded | Everyday Questions
Published: 2015/02/01
Channel: Everyday Questions
International Air Transport Association airport code
International Air Transport Association airport code
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
How to Get an IATA Code
How to Get an IATA Code
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: Howcast
Trivandrum becomes world
Trivandrum becomes world's 2nd airport to display IATA airport code structure
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: The Times of India
IATA CODES
IATA CODES
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Cacesa Madrid
Trivandrum becomes world
Trivandrum becomes world's 2nd airport to display IATA airport code
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: keralalive
Major Airport Codes in US, UK and rest of the world  Practice for new travel consultants
Major Airport Codes in US, UK and rest of the world Practice for new travel consultants
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: amreek singh
IATA Airport Code Module - Demo on PHP
IATA Airport Code Module - Demo on PHP
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: EveryThing
Airport City Codes Explained.m4v
Airport City Codes Explained.m4v
Published: 2010/11/01
Channel: Kevin Maxwell
7 Facts about Airport Codes
7 Facts about Airport Codes
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: IATAtv
IATA Travel and Tourism Program
IATA Travel and Tourism Program
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: IATAtv
What Is An IATA Number Used For?
What Is An IATA Number Used For?
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: top sparky
Do You Know Your Airport Codes?
Do You Know Your Airport Codes?
Published: 2013/11/11
Channel: TheTravelAcademy
IATA to make security check at airports hassle-free
IATA to make security check at airports hassle-free
Published: 2011/06/08
Channel: FlyIndiana
Fun With Airport Codes - You Won
Fun With Airport Codes - You Won't Believe Tara's Guesses!!
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: UnifiedSupply
IATA Ground Operations Manual 2017
IATA Ground Operations Manual 2017
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: IATAtv
International Airport Codes
International Airport Codes
Published: 2011/12/07
Channel: Jeff Stevenson
IATA Areas of the World
IATA Areas of the World
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Learn Tourism
IATA-Code
IATA-Code
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: WikiTubia
SVD Airport Code
SVD Airport Code
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: DiscoverSVG
What Is The Abbreviation Of IATA?
What Is The Abbreviation Of IATA?
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: funny sparky
IATA, ICAO code QUIZ
IATA, ICAO code QUIZ
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Shuhong Zheng
What Is IATA And What Does It Do?
What Is IATA And What Does It Do?
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: top sparky
Rush YYZ - Created By: Sam Cinquegrani (YYZ is the IATA Airport Identification Code...)
Rush YYZ - Created By: Sam Cinquegrani (YYZ is the IATA Airport Identification Code...)
Published: 2014/02/26
Channel: Ostrich Head
LAX Airport - Los Angeles International Airport
LAX Airport - Los Angeles International Airport
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Airport Info HQ
Similar airport names in USA but different airport codes
Similar airport names in USA but different airport codes
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: amreek singh
Travel Industry Essentials
Travel Industry Essentials
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: Zafar Minhas
World
World's Biggest Airport - Beijing International (4 of 5)
Published: 2008/10/05
Channel: gordonblade2008
Los Angeles, California - Landing at LAX HD (2014)
Los Angeles, California - Landing at LAX HD (2014)
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: ACG Travel Videos
Customs clearance for arriving passengers, Mumbai airport
Customs clearance for arriving passengers, Mumbai airport
Published: 2013/03/16
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Air Travel Tomorrow - The IATA Vision
Air Travel Tomorrow - The IATA Vision
Published: 2010/09/20
Channel: rdhubvideo
IATA Geography in Travel Planning Course Demo
IATA Geography in Travel Planning Course Demo
Published: 2010/12/09
Channel: iPALonlinelearning
World
World's Biggest Airport - Beijing International (5 of 5)
Published: 2008/10/05
Channel: gordonblade2008
IATA Self Study
IATA Self Study
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Nibin Jacob
IATA Aviation and the Environment training course
IATA Aviation and the Environment training course
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: IATAtv
Beechcraft 1900D Landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport!
Beechcraft 1900D Landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport!
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: I´m Yvonne :)
World
World's Biggest Airport - Beijing International (1of 5)
Published: 2008/10/05
Channel: gordonblade2008
World
World's Biggest Airport - Beijing International (2of 5)
Published: 2008/10/05
Channel: gordonblade2008
RFID Baggage Tracking Solution for Airlines and Airports. Fully compliant with IATA Resolution 753
RFID Baggage Tracking Solution for Airlines and Airports. Fully compliant with IATA Resolution 753
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Longest Chance
Portland International Airport PDX
Portland International Airport PDX
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Airport Info HQ
World
World's Biggest Airport - Beijing International (3 of 5)
Published: 2008/10/05
Channel: gordonblade2008
Inside Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport- Mumbai
Inside Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport- Mumbai
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Cockpit | Landing ✈ BAMAKO ( BKO / GABS ) Mali  ✈ B772 - RWY24  [HD]
Cockpit | Landing ✈ BAMAKO ( BKO / GABS ) Mali ✈ B772 - RWY24 [HD]
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: AeroWorldpicturesHD
Landing in Mumbai. Airport Dabolim, Goa - Mumbai
Landing in Mumbai. Airport Dabolim, Goa - Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport *SV HD*
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: SV Life
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) / Aeropuerto Internacional de Los Ángeles - USA (HD)
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) / Aeropuerto Internacional de Los Ángeles - USA (HD)
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Epic Media Argentina
IATA Cargo Airline Management with Business Simulation
IATA Cargo Airline Management with Business Simulation
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: IATAtv
Sahar Elevated Access Road SEAR Mumbai International Airport Terminal T2 full road ride HD Video
Sahar Elevated Access Road SEAR Mumbai International Airport Terminal T2 full road ride HD Video
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: AlertCitizen
Nepal Airline Take Off From Tribhuvan International Airport Kathmandu
Nepal Airline Take Off From Tribhuvan International Airport Kathmandu
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Subscribe Nepal
Cockpit | Landing ✈ PANAMA CITY ( PTY / MPTO ) Panama  ✈ B777 - RWY03R  [HD]
Cockpit | Landing ✈ PANAMA CITY ( PTY / MPTO ) Panama ✈ B777 - RWY03R [HD]
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: AeroWorldpicturesHD
World Airport Codes
World Airport Codes
Published: 2013/07/03
Channel: FubraFilm1
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier,[1] is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.

The assignment of these codes is governed by IATA Resolution 763, and it is administered by IATA headquarters in Montreal. The codes are published biannually in the IATA Airline Coding Directory.[2]

IATA also provides codes for railway stations and for airport handling entities. A list of airports sorted by IATA code is available. A list of railway station codes, shared in agreements between airlines and rail lines such as Amtrak, SNCF French Rail, and Deutsche Bahn, is available. There is also a separate list of Amtrak station codes, three-character codes used by Amtrak for its railway stations in the United States and Canada.

List[edit]

List of airports by IATA code: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

See also: List of airports by ICAO code

History and conventions[edit]

Airport codes arose out of the convenience that it brought pilots for location identification in the 1930s. Initially, pilots in the United States used the two-letter code from the National Weather Service (NWS) for identifying cities. This system became unmanageable for cities and towns without an NWS identifier, thus a three-letter system of airport codes was implemented. This system allowed for 17,576 permutations, assuming all letters can be used in conjunction with each other.[3]

Generally speaking, airport codes are named after the first three letters of the city in which it is located—ATL for Atlanta, SIN for Singapore, ASU for Asunción, MEX for Mexico City, IST for Istanbul; or a combination of the letters in its name, EWR for Newark, GDL for Guadalajara, JNB for Johannesburg, HKG for Hong Kong, SLC for Salt Lake City and WAW for Warsaw. Some airports in the United States retained their NWS codes and simply appended an X at the end, such as LAX for Los Angeles, PDX for Portland, and PHX for Phoenix.[3]

For many reasons, some airport codes do not fit the normal scheme described above. Some airports, for example, cross several municipalities or regions, and mix the letters around, giving rise to DFW for Dallas–Fort Worth, DTW for Detroit–Wayne County, LBA for Leeds Bradford (Airport), MSP for Minneapolis–Saint Paul, and RDU for Raleigh–Durham.

Canada originally used two letters for identification of a weather reporting station in the 1930s. Additionally, preceding the two-letter code, was placed a Y (meaning "yes") where the reporting station was co-located with an airport, a W (meaning "without") where the reporting station was not co-located with an airport, and a U where the reporting station was co-located with an NDB. An X was used if the last two letters of the code had already been taken by another Canadian ident, and a Z was used if the locator could be confused with a U.S. three letter ident.

In large metropolitan areas, airport codes are often named after the airport itself instead of the city it serves, while another code is reserved which refers to the city itself. For instance:

Or using a code for the city in one of the major airport and then assign another code to another airport:

When different cities with the same name each have an airport, the airports need to be assigned different codes. For example,

Sometimes, a new airport is built, replacing the old one, leaving the city's new "major" airport code to no longer correspond with the city's name. The original airport in Nashville, Tennessee was built in 1936 as part of the Works Progress Administration and called Berry Field with the designation, BNA. A new facility known as Nashville International Airport was built in 1987 but still uses BNA. This is in conjunction to rules aimed to avoid confusion that seem to apply in the United States, which state that "the first and second letters or second and third letters of an identifier may not be duplicated with less than 200 nautical miles separation."[3] Thus, Washington D.C.-area's three airports all have radically different codes: IAD for Washington-Dulles, DCA for Reagan National (District of Columbia Airport), and BWI for Baltimore (Baltimore–Washington International, formerly BAL).[3] Since HOU is used for William P. Hobby Airport, the new Houston-Intercontinental became IAH.[3] The code BKK was originally assigned to Bangkok-Don Mueang and was later transferred to Suvarnabhumi Airport, while the former adopted DMK. Shanghai-Hongqiao retained the code SHA, while the newer Shanghai-Pudong adopted PVG. The opposite is true for Berlin, the airport Berlin-Tegel uses the code TXL, while its smaller counterpart Berlin-Schönefeld uses SXF; the new Berlin Brandenburg Airport is going to have the code BER. Hamburg (HAM) and Hannover (HAJ) are less than 100 NM apart and still use the same first and middle letter, indicating that this rule might be followed only locally.

Since the US Navy reserved "N" codes and the Federal Communications Commission has reserved rights for "W" and "K", certain U.S. cities which begin with these letters had to adopt "irregular" airport codes: EWR for Newark, ORF for Norfolk, Virginia, EYW for Key West, Florida, and APC for Napa, California.[3] This "rule" does not apply outside of the United States: Karachi is KHI, Warsaw is WAW, Nagoya is NGO. In addition, since "Q" was used for international communications, cities with "Q" beginning their name also had to find alternate codes, as in the case of Qiqihar (NDG), Quetta (UET) and Quito (UIO).

IATA codes should not be confused with the FAA identifiers of US airports. Most FAA identifiers agree with the corresponding IATA codes, but some do not, such as Saipan whose FAA identifier is GSN and its IATA code is SPN, and some coincide with IATA codes of non-US airports.

Many cities retain historical names in their airport codes, despite the fact that their official name or its official spelling or transliteration is now different:

Some airport codes are based on previous names associated with a present airport, such as Chicago's O'Hare, which is assigned ORD, based on its old name of Orchard Field, before it was expanded and renamed O'Hare in the mid-1950s. Similarly, Orlando International Airport uses MCO, based on the old McCoy Air Force Base, which was converted to joint civilian/military use and renamed Orlando Jetport at McCoy in the early 1960s and finally Orlando International in the early 1980s. Other airport codes are similarly not immediately obvious in origin, and each have their own peculiarities. Nashville uses BNA, Knoxville uses TYS, and Kahului (the main gateway into Maui) uses OGG, while Spokane International Airport goes by GEG. Most of these are named after individuals.[3] In Asia, codes that do not correspond with their city's names include Niigata's KIJ, Nanchang's KHN, Pyongyang's FNJ, and Kobe's UKB.

Some airports are identified even in colloquial speech by their airport code. The most notable examples are LAX and JFK.

Most large airports in Canada have codes that begin with the letter "Y", although not all "Y" codes are Canadian (for example, YUM for Yuma, Arizona) and not all Canadian airports start with the letter "Y" (for example ZBF for Bathurst, New Brunswick). Many Canadian airports have a code that starts with W, X or Z, but none of these are major airports. When the Canadian transcontinental railways were built, each station was assigned its own two letter Morse code. VR was Vancouver, TZ Toronto, QB Quebec, WG Winnipeg, SJ St. Johns, YC Calgary, OW Ottawa, EG Edmonton, etc. When the Canadian government established airports, it used the existing railway codes for them as well. If the airport had a weather station, authorities added a "Y" to the front of the code, meaning "Yes" to indicate it had a weather station, or some other letter to indicate it did not. When international codes were created in cooperation with the United States, because "Y" was seldom used in the US, Canada simply used the weather station codes for its airports, changing the "Y" to a "Z" if it conflicted with an airport code already in use. The result is that most major Canadian airport codes start with "Y" followed by two letters in the city's name: YOW for Ottawa, YWG for Winnipeg, YYC for Calgary, and YVR for Vancouver, whereas other Canadian airports append the two letter code of the radio beacons that were the closest to the actual airport, such as YQX in Gander and YXS in Prince George.

Four of the ten provincial capital airports in Canada have ended up with codes beginning with YY, including YYZ for Toronto, Ontario, YYJ for Victoria, British Columbia, YYT for St. John's, Newfoundland, and YYG for Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. Canada's largest airport is YYZ for Toronto-Pearson (YTZ was used for Toronto City Airport, so YYZ is the station code for a village called Malton, which is where Toronto Pearson International Airport is actually located). YUL is used for Montreal-Trudeau (UL was the ID code for beacon in the city of Kirkland, now the location of Montreal-Trudeau). While these codes make it difficult for the public to associate them with a particular Canadian city, some codes have become popular in usage despite their cryptic nature, particularly at the largest airports. Some airports have started using their IATA codes as marketing brands. Calgary International Airport has begun using its airport code YYC as a marketing brand and name for the airport authority web site (yyc.com).,[4] while Vancouver International Airport advertises as YVR (yvr.com).

Numerous New Zealand airports use codes which contain a letter Z, to distinguish them from similar airport names in other countries. Examples include HLZ for Hamilton, ZQN for Queenstown, and WSZ for Westport.

It is also noteworthy that there are several airports with scheduled service that have not been assigned ICAO codes that do have IATA codes. For example, several airports in Alaska that have scheduled commercial service, such as Stebbins Airport or Nanwalek Airport. There are also airports with scheduled service for which there are ICAO codes but not IATA codes, such as Nkhotakota Airport/Tangole Airport/Dwanga Airport in Malawi or Chōfu Airport in Tokyo, Japan. Thus, neither system completely includes all airports with scheduled service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IATA Coding Systems
  2. ^ IATA Airline Coding Directory
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Airport ABCs: An Explanation of Airport Identifier Codes". Air Line Pilot. Air Line Pilots Association. 1994. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "YYC: Calgary Airport Authority". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license