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‘Iolani School Graduation of the Class of 2017
‘Iolani School Graduation of the Class of 2017
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: 'Iolani School
ILH Girls Division I Volleyball -- Maryknoll at
ILH Girls Division I Volleyball -- Maryknoll at 'Iolani
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: 'Iolani School
'Iolani School: Every Student, Every Day
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: 'Iolani School
'Iolani School: Together As One
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: 'Iolani School
Fr. Bray Memorial Football Classic --
Fr. Bray Memorial Football Classic -- 'Iolani vs. Kaimuki
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: 'Iolani School
'Iolani School Graduation of the Class of 2016
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: 'Iolani School
DYA717 Iolani High School Graduation June 3, 2017
DYA717 Iolani High School Graduation June 3, 2017
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Daniel Arashiro
Iolani c/o 2018 First Week of School /// Senior Bench Rush
Iolani c/o 2018 First Week of School /// Senior Bench Rush
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Iolani Class of 2018
Iolani School celebrates Homecoming Week: Performing Arts Program
Iolani School celebrates Homecoming Week: Performing Arts Program
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: KHON2 News
Iolani School celebrates Homecoming Week: Fire Up Friday
Iolani School celebrates Homecoming Week: Fire Up Friday
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: KHON2 News
Iolani School celebrates Homecoming Week: Homecoming Traditions
Iolani School celebrates Homecoming Week: Homecoming Traditions
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: KHON2 News
Melvin K Hoomanawanui Iolani School Class of 2016
Melvin K Hoomanawanui Iolani School Class of 2016
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: PIAA Combine 2015
'Iolani class of 2017 Lip Dup
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: IolaniHackers
'Iolani School: Educating the Next Innovators with Guy Kawasaki
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: 'Iolani School
Ep 10:  ʻIolani School Performing Arts
Ep 10: ʻIolani School Performing Arts
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Kamaka Pili
ILH Girls Division I Volleyball -- Punahou at
ILH Girls Division I Volleyball -- Punahou at 'Iolani
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: 'Iolani School
Class of 2017 Senior Bench Rush
Class of 2017 Senior Bench Rush
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: 'Iolani School
'Iolani School's K - 12 Walk Tradition
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: 'Iolani School
M Iolani School hula performance May 22, 2017
M Iolani School hula performance May 22, 2017
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: shly kyi
'Iolani School Celebrates Homecoming 2015
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: 'Iolani School
Tai-John Mizutani ʻIolani School Freshman Season 2014
Tai-John Mizutani ʻIolani School Freshman Season 2014
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: Ron Mizutani
Iolani Lip Sync: Seniors 2017
Iolani Lip Sync: Seniors 2017
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: Jerry Fam Network
Jacob Isaia
Jacob Isaia '18: Iolani School (HI) : 2015 Sophomore Year Highlights
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: utrhighlightvideos
Iolani School prepares for campus expansion
Iolani School prepares for campus expansion
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: KHON2 News
Hangout | Cat Fuller: ʻIolani School
Hangout | Cat Fuller: ʻIolani School
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Hōkūleʻa Worldwide Voyage
'Iolani School's The Sound of Musicals - December 12, 2015
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: 'Iolani School
2016 IOLANI SENIORS HOMECOMING CHEERFEST
2016 IOLANI SENIORS HOMECOMING CHEERFEST
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: IOLANI C/O2016
Iolani School 6th Grade Graduation (1983)
Iolani School 6th Grade Graduation (1983)
Published: 2011/10/02
Channel: Gordon Hee
'Iolani Fair 2017 "Road Trip USA"
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: 'Iolani School
Sullivan Donor Wall Making at
Sullivan Donor Wall Making at 'Iolani School
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: IolaniHackers
'Iolani School: The Sullivan Center for Innovation
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: 'Iolani Help Desk
Guy Kawasaki
Guy Kawasaki '72 speaks at 'Iolani School
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: 'Iolani School
Iolani May day 5/2/ 2017 - Lower School Halau
Iolani May day 5/2/ 2017 - Lower School Halau
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: shly kyi
National Econ Challenge Competitor Iolani School
National Econ Challenge Competitor Iolani School
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Council for Economic Education
The District Science Fair at Iolani School
The District Science Fair at Iolani School
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
Happy Holidays from
Happy Holidays from 'Iolani School - 2016
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: 'Iolani School
Pahu Award Entry | 2016 Iolani Schools "Raider" Marching Band | Kamehameha TOB
Pahu Award Entry | 2016 Iolani Schools "Raider" Marching Band | Kamehameha TOB
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: band1
2014 Iolani School Commencement  Part 1
2014 Iolani School Commencement Part 1
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: Harrison Kiehm
Iolani Schools buys apartments, current residents react
Iolani Schools buys apartments, current residents react
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: KITV
Kamie Hamada August 2017 Swing Video || Class of 2018 || Iolani School
Kamie Hamada August 2017 Swing Video || Class of 2018 || Iolani School
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Kamie Hamada
‘Iolani School Orchestra and Halau * December 8, 2015
‘Iolani School Orchestra and Halau * December 8, 2015
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: 'Iolani School
ShoutOut | Cat Fuller: ʻIolani School Literature of the Pacific
ShoutOut | Cat Fuller: ʻIolani School Literature of the Pacific
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Hōkūleʻa Worldwide Voyage
'Iolani Teachers: For Every Student, Every Day
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: 'Iolani School
'Iolani School iPad Initiative
Published: 2012/10/30
Channel: IolaniSchool
Presenting a Holiday Greeting from
Presenting a Holiday Greeting from 'Iolani School
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: 'Iolani School
ILH Girls Division I-AA Volleyball -- Punahou at
ILH Girls Division I-AA Volleyball -- Punahou at 'Iolani
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: 'Iolani School
ShoutOut | Cat Fuller: ʻIolani School, 6th Grade
ShoutOut | Cat Fuller: ʻIolani School, 6th Grade
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Hōkūleʻa Worldwide Voyage
Look Around
Look Around 'Iolani Lower School FabLab
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: Matt Dillon
Search suspended for Iolani School graduate reported missing in Lake Tahoe
Search suspended for Iolani School graduate reported missing in Lake Tahoe
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: KHON2 News
Makey Makey Iolani School with TechTerra Education
Makey Makey Iolani School with TechTerra Education
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Susan Wells
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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ʻIolani School
Iolani shield.jpg
Address
563 Kamoku Street
Honolulu, Hawaii 96826
United States
Coordinates 21°17.190′N 157°49.474′W / 21.286500°N 157.824567°W / 21.286500; -157.824567Coordinates: 21°17.190′N 157°49.474′W / 21.286500°N 157.824567°W / 21.286500; -157.824567
Information
Type Private, independent preparatory school
Motto One Team, "humble in victory, gracious in defeat"
Denomination Episcopal Church
Patron saint(s) Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma
Founded 1863
Founder Kamehameha IV
CEEB code 120040
NCES School ID 00326634
Head of school Timothy R. Cottrell, Ph.D.
Teaching staff 162.8 (FTE)
Grades K-12
Gender Co-ed
Number of students 1859
 • Kindergarten 71
 • Grade 1 74
 • Grade 2 68
 • Grade 3 64
 • Grade 4 73
 • Grade 5 70
 • Grade 6 122
 • Grade 7 176
 • Grade 8 205
 • Grade 9 246
 • Grade 10 235
 • Grade 11 231
 • Grade 12 224
Student to teacher ratio 11.4
Hours in school day 6.8
Campuses Lower School (K-6), Upper School(7-12)
Campus type Large city
Color(s) Black, Red and White
Athletics conference Interscholastic League of Honolulu
Mascot ʻIo (Hawaiian Hawk)
Nickname Raiders
Accreditation Western Association of Schools and Colleges
Newspaper Imua ʻIolani
Yearbook Ka Moʻolelo O ʻIolani
Distinctions 4th largest independent school in the United States[1]
Website

ʻIolani School, located at 563 Kamoku Street in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi, is a private coeducational college preparatory school serving over 1,800 students.[2] Founded in 1863 by Father William R. Scott, it was the principal school of the former Anglican Church of Hawaiʻi. It was patronized by Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma who gave the school its name in 1870. ʻIolani in the Hawaiian language means "heavenly hawk". Today, ʻIolani School is affiliated with the Episcopal Church in the United States. It is administered by a Board of Governors and is one of the largest independent schools in the United States.[3]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

On October 11, 1862, Lord Bishop Thomas Nettleship Staley arrived in Hawaiʻi by request of Kamehameha IV and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. The following year Kamehameha IV, a devout member of the Church of England, established the Hawaiian Reformed Catholic Church, also known as the Anglican Church of Hawaiʻi. The school was originally named for Saint Alban.

In 1863, Staley's companion Father Scott purchased land in Lāhaina and established Luaʻehu School, a school for boys. When Father Scott fell ill and returned to Britain, Father George Mason was summoned by Staley to administer the school on Maui. On January 12, 1863, the St. Alban's College was also established in the Pauoa Valley in Honolulu. Mason also seemed to have managed this school as well. Before Staley, too, left the islands for Britain in 1870, Father Mason merged the two schools and relocated it to the St. Alban's campus. Later Bishop Alfred Willis purchased land on Bates Street in Nuʻuanu Valley and moved part of the school there, intending it for students of full or part Hawaiian descent, under the new name of ʻIolani College. The St. Alban's College, intended for white students, separated and continuing operating at Pauoa until 1887.[4][5][6]

With the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi and annexation to the United States in 1898, the Anglican Church of Hawaiʻi became part of the Episcopal Church United States (ECUSA). ʻIolani School was moved to Nuʻuanu, transferred back to downtown Honolulu and then moved to Nuʻuanu a second time. It remained in Nuʻuanu from 1927 to 1953, when it was moved to the present Ala Wai site.

In 1979, the school became co-educational, ending its all-male enrollment policy.

Development[edit]

ʻIolani School grew and refined its program offerings with a standard college preparatory curriculum as a foundation for every student. Religion, performing and visual arts, music and athletics became integral parts of the ʻIolani School education, i.e., in the sixth grade, all students must be involved in a performing art.

Campus[edit]

View of ʻIolani Campus with Diamond Head and Waikiki in the background

The campus is divided into Upper and Lower School. Buildings include Castle Building, Weinberg Building, the I-Wing, the art building, and the Nangaku Building. Other facilities include the Upper Gym and the Lower Gym, the Ranzman Library, the Dillingham Pool, and St. Alban's Chapel. ʻIolani School also has a stadium (Kozuki Stadium), a baseball field, an outdoor basketball court (the One Team Field house), and several tennis courts.[7]

The Sullivan Center for Innovation and Leadership was finished at the end of 2012 for the replacement of the Upper School Library. The Sullivan Center was created to emphasize sustainability.

The Harold K.L. Castle Building was dedicated in 1980 to the Castle Family which had donated land to 'Iolani School. The Castle Building also contains most classrooms for the 7th and 8th Grade.[8]

Athletics[edit]

ʻIolani School's athletic program was founded in 1932 by Father Kenneth A. Bray. Over 900, or 70%, of the student body participates in one of over 32 competitive sports. ʻIolani School is a member of the Interscholastic League of Honolulu , an athletic conference composed of Honolulu-area private schools.

Since the formation of the Hawaiʻi High School Athletic Association, ʻIolani has won over 75 state championships in various sports. It is the only school in Hawaiʻi to have won five consecutive state championships in Boys Basketball from 2002 to 2006. ʻIolani has the most consecutive state championships in Boys Wrestling, and is the first ILH school to win a Girls Wrestling State Championship in 2005. They also have six consecutive D-II football titles, highest in the nation.[citation needed]

Curriculum[edit]

ʻIolani School's campus is divided into two sections: Lower School and Upper School.

Lower School is for elementary students, kindergarten through 6th grade.[9]

Upper School is for 7th through 12th grade. The schedule has eight periods, which rotate weekly. Each student normally has one study hall/free period and one elective, although new students who do not take a language normally have a second study hall or elective. Iolani summer school allows students to earn graduation credits; credit courses offered during summer include art, history, science, computers, and language.

Harold Keables[edit]

Harold Keables was first a teacher in Denver, where he was named the National Teacher of the Year by Life magazine;[10] in 1965 he started teaching at ʻIolani School.[11] Each year he is honored by the Keables Chair, which brings "outstanding teachers, writers, and artists to ʻIolani."[12]

Other activities[edit]

ʻIolani students are involved in many extracurricular activities.

Imua ʻIolani[edit]

Imua ʻIolani is the school newspaper. It is published monthly,[13] distributed to all students, and is available online. In 2008, Imua ʻIolani was named the best school newspaper in the state.[14]

Speech and debate[edit]

ʻIolani has an Intermediate Speech Team (grades 7-8) and a Speech and Debate Team (9-12). Both teams have won numerous competitions. Every February, the school hosts the ʻIolani Debate Tournament, one of three State-Qualifying tournaments of the season.[15]

Real World Design Challenge[edit]

In 2009, ʻIolani's team "NDC" became the national champions at the U.S. Department of Energy's Real World Design Challenge, out of nine other teams from nine other states.[16] In 2010, the ʻIolani ZAMA team took first at the state level. Team members J. Hara, C. Kodama, E. Masutani, M. Muraoka, D. Reiss, T. Van Etten, M. Williams represented the state of Hawaiʻi March 26–29, 2010 at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C., placing second at the national level.[17][18][19][20]

Robotics[edit]

ʻIolani School also has several robotics teams which participate in competitions organized by FIRST. Iolani has a FIRST Robotics team, a FIRST Lego League team, and a Junior FIRST Lego League team. Besides FIRST related teams, ʻIolani also has a Botball team and a Vex team. ʻIolani's team number for VEX and FRC is 2438.

Vex[edit]

In 2008, ʻIolani's Vex team competed in the VEX World Robotics Competition, held at California State University Northridge.[21]

ʻIolani School typically hosts the East Oahu VEX Robotics Competition.

On December 6, 2008, the Vex team competed in the 2008 VEX Pan Pacific Competition, held at the Hawaii Convention Center. The ʻIolani team (2438a) was part of the winning alliance, and qualified for the 2009 VEX World Robotics Competition, to be held at Dallas, Texas. They won the Community award and the Champion award.

In 2010, ʻIolani's VEX team again qualified for the World Competition by being part of the winning alliance at the Kahala VEX Regional. At the 2010 VEX World Robotics Competition, they won the notable CREATE award for design, as well as placing as division semifinalists.

In the 2011 VRC season, ʻIolani's VEX team again was in the winning alliance at the Pan Pacific Competition.

FLL[edit]

ʻIolani's FIRST Lego League team won the Hawaiʻi State Championships in 2007.[22] They competed at the World Festival in 2008 as the representative for Hawaiʻi.

Two of the FLL teams competed in the Niu Valley qualifier on December 6, 2008; both teams qualified for the Hawaii State Championships to be held in January 2009. The teams took first and second place, and merged to form one team that traveled to Dayton, Ohio for the US Open Championships. They won third place in Quality Robot Design and first place in the Alliance Rounds along with the Landroids and the ZBots. ʻIolani's FLL team is the only FLL team to win twice at the Hawaii FLL State Championships.

Economics Challenge[edit]

Every spring, the Iolani Economics Challenge team led by coach Lance Suzuki competes in the state, regional, and national economics challenge. Iolani has won ten consecutive state championships and has won the national championship in 2005 and 2006 at the A.P. level and in 2007 at the non-A.P. level. In May 2010, the team of Sean Cockey, Andrew Ellison, Jesse Franklin-Murdock, and Mark Grozen-Smith defeated a team from Bellaire High School in Bellaire, Texas to win another national title. 'Iolani also won the national title in 2013.

Notable alumni[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Authors, editors & journalists[edit]

Business[edit]

  • Guy Kawasaki '72, one of the original Apple employees responsible for marketing of the Macintosh in 1984, as well as a CEO and author.[30]

Clergy[edit]

Education[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Faculty & coaches[edit]

Government[edit]

Monarchial government[edit]

  • Robert Hoapili Baker (attended St. Alban's; 1860s–1870s), governor of Maui, legislator and friend of King Kalākaua[37]
  • Curtis P. Iaukea (attended St. Alban's; 1863–1871), Hawaiian courtier, diplomat and official of the monarchy, republic and territorial governments[38]
  • David Leleo Kinimaka (attended St. Alban's; 1860s–1870s), royal guard captain[39]
  • Samuel Nowlein (attended St. Alban's; 1860s–1870s), royal guard captain and revolutionists[37]
  • William Pūnohu White (attended St. Alban's; 1860s–1870s), lawyer, police sheriff, legislator of the monarchy and territory[40]

Territorial government[edit]

State government[edit]

International government[edit]

Royalty[edit]

Other[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Did You Know?". Iolani School. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  2. ^ "Iolani School". Archived from the original on 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  3. ^ Broughman, Stephen P.; Swaim, Nancy L. (July 2013). Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Private School Universe Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-316 (PDF). National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved 2016-03-23. 
  4. ^ "History Timeline". ʻIolani School. 2013. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2017. 
  5. ^ Soong, Irma Tam (1997). "Sun Yat-sen's Christian Schooling in Hawaiʻi". The Hawaiian Journal of History. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society. 31: 151–178. OCLC 60626541. hdl:10524/527. 
  6. ^ Restarick, Henry Bond (1924). Hawaii, 1778–1920, from the Viewpoint of a Bishop: Being the Story of English and American Churchmen in Hawaii with Historical Sidelights. Honolulu: Paradise of the Pacific. pp. 116, 127–133, 193–200. OCLC 1337282. 
  7. ^ "Campus Map.". Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  8. ^ "Castle Building | Iolani School". 'Iolani School. Retrieved 2014-08-23. 
  9. ^ "Iolani Lower School". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  10. ^ "How to Learn to Write". Time. 1960-05-23. Archived from the original on 2013-07-21. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Sato, Michelle; Uyemura, Sheri (22 February 2000). "Harold Keables Commemorated Each Year with English Chair". Imua Iolani. ʻIolani School. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2008-03-30. 
  12. ^ "Keables Guide to English". Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2007-10-26. 
  13. ^ "Imua 'Iolani: Print Issues". Imua 'Iolani. 
  14. ^ Gee, Pat (April 24, 2008). "Iolani's newspaper named best in state". Star Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  15. ^ For examples see http://www.iolani.org/wn_usac_031708_cc.htm Archived 2008-10-06 at the Wayback Machine., http://www.iolani.org/wn_0304_08_cc.htm Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine., or http://www.iolani.org/wn_usact_042108_cp.htm. Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "ʻIolani School Captures National Title" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-03. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  17. ^ Design Team First in State Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ "RWDC team takes second at Nationals". Imua 'Iolani. Retrieved 2016-04-09. 
  19. ^ "RWDC ZAMA Design" (PDF). 
  20. ^ "Real World Design Challenge Winner to Compete Nationally — Office of the Governor". archive.lingle.hawaii.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-09. 
  21. ^ "ʻIobotics compete in Cal". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  22. ^ "2007 Hawai`i FIRST LEGO League Tournament Awards". Archived from the original on 2007-12-20. Retrieved 2008-02-01. 
  23. ^ "ProXtreme Soccer Camp: Feat. Duke Hashimoto ‘02". Iolani Alumni. 2006-12-15. 
  24. ^ "Kanoe Kamana`o". University of Hawaii. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  25. ^ http://www.wsucougars.com/sports/m-baskbl/spec-rel/072010aaa.html Archived March 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Alumni Making Headlines (April 2005). "Sun ’03 Shines in Pool and Classroom". Iolani School website. Archived from the original on 2007-08-09. 
  27. ^ "2008 Olympic Trials Qualifiers list" (PDF). 2005-12-06. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  28. ^ "Ed Ta'amu". KCBrigade.com. Kansas City Brigade. Retrieved 2008-10-22. [dead link]
  29. ^ Reardon, Dave. "The voice of the Rainbows will likely stay in the family". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Archived from the original on 2012-09-23. Retrieved 26 Sep 2010. 
  30. ^ Guy Kawasaki. "About Guy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  31. ^ Sacramento State Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Alumni Making Headlines (January 2005). "Christopher Lee '75". Iolani School website. Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. 
  33. ^ Clyde Kusatsu on IMDb
  34. ^ Ars Centrum. "Professional Biography". Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  35. ^ "Musician Shenan Brown '99". Iolani School website. 2006-09-15. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. 
  36. ^ "Iolani Bulletin: The Legacy of Eddie Hamada '46". Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 20 November 2010. 
  37. ^ a b "Local And General News". The Independent. Honolulu. April 6, 1900. p. 3. 
  38. ^ Iaukea, Curtis Piehu; Watson, Lorna Kahilipuaokalani Iaukea (1988). Schweizer, Niklaus R., ed. By Royal Command: The Official Life and Personal Reminiscences of Colonel Curtis Piehu Iaukea at the Court of Hawaii's Rulers. Honolulu: Hui Hanai. pp. 8–20. ISBN 978-0-9616738-6-4. OCLC 16006083. 
  39. ^ "Two Notable Island Deaths". Saturday Press. Honolulu. March 15, 1884. p. 5. 
  40. ^ Ahuimaia (October 21, 1903). "Political Drift Wood – The Leaving of Some of Our Prominent Countrymen". The Independent. Honolulu. p. 3. 
  41. ^ Krauss, Bob (1994). Johnny Wilson: First Hawaiian Democrat. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-8248-1577-6. OCLC 30398759. 
  42. ^ Jonathan D. Spence (1999-08-23). "Sun Yat-sen". TIME magazine. Archived from the original on 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  43. ^ "The Late Prince". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu. April 14, 1877. p. 2. 
  44. ^ a b At Thy Call We Gather. Honolulu: Iolani School, p. 27. Copyright 1997 by Iolani School.
  45. ^ "Prince Keliiahonui – His Death at an Early Age at Iolani Palace". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu. September 22, 1887. p. 3. 
  46. ^ "Chelsea Hardin wins Miss Hawaii USA 2016". The Great Pageant Community. 25 November 2015. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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