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Sh*t Iowa People Say
Sh*t Iowa People Say
Published: 2012/03/11
Channel: TheIowaTube
Slipknot - People = Shit (Audio)
Slipknot - People = Shit (Audio)
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: Slipknot
Iowa People
Iowa People
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: GhenamMr
Famous People You May Not Have Known Were From Iowa
Famous People You May Not Have Known Were From Iowa
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: 98.1 KHAK
Interviewing People in Iowa City
Interviewing People in Iowa City
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: Sam Hogan
Q&A! Moving to Iowa? Do I tell people I love names? AND MORE!
Q&A! Moving to Iowa? Do I tell people I love names? AND MORE!
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Amelia EverythingBabyNames
Iowa Nice
Iowa Nice
Published: 2012/01/02
Channel: IowaFilmmakers
Trump Carson support:
Trump Carson support: 'How stupid are the people of Iowa?'
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: KCCI
How do you like living in Iowa
How do you like living in Iowa
Published: 2013/05/26
Channel:
Being Black in Iowa Sucks?
Being Black in Iowa Sucks?
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: The Zero Hour with RJ Eskow
Shit People From Des Moines Say
Shit People From Des Moines Say
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: Ben Godar
6 Hard to Pronounce Iowa Towns
6 Hard to Pronounce Iowa Towns
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: B100 Quad Cities
Irish People Taste Test
Irish People Taste Test 'IOWA' - American Care Package UnBoxing!!
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: AreYa HavingThat
People See Image of Virgin Mary, Jesus on Iowa Tree
People See Image of Virgin Mary, Jesus on Iowa Tree
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Vuz TV
Slipknot - Iowa (Full Album 2001)
Slipknot - Iowa (Full Album 2001)
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: Total Music
The Last Tribe of Iowa: Leadership of the Meskwaki People in a Struggle for Survival
The Last Tribe of Iowa: Leadership of the Meskwaki People in a Struggle for Survival
Published: 2015/08/05
Channel: Alex Bare
Why did/do people come to Iowa?
Why did/do people come to Iowa?
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: shortieballer4
Trump Quotes: "How stupid are the people of Iowa & the USA?"
Trump Quotes: "How stupid are the people of Iowa & the USA?"
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Original Trumpalicious
Ron Lester talks to the people of Iowa.
Ron Lester talks to the people of Iowa.
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: Samuel Pace-Tuomi
Wet Iowa and dumb people
Wet Iowa and dumb people
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: D34THDEFIER
Bernie Sanders: Trump lied to the people of Iowa
Bernie Sanders: Trump lied to the people of Iowa
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: DMRegister
Iowa sheriff: Blind people can use guns safely
Iowa sheriff: Blind people can use guns safely
Published: 2013/09/13
Channel: CNN
San Diego and Iowa VegFests | Vegan Jeopardy, Donuts, and Amazing People
San Diego and Iowa VegFests | Vegan Jeopardy, Donuts, and Amazing People
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Mic. the Vegan
Missing people from Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana and Iowa
Missing people from Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana and Iowa
Published: 2009/08/16
Channel: KatieMarieF2011
RAGBRAI-The Register
RAGBRAI-The Register's Annual Great Bike Ride Across Iowa
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: Ryan Van Duzer
Trump in Iowa:
Trump in Iowa: 'What the Hell Are You People Doing?'
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Speakmymind02
People In Iowa Taking A Stand Against Dakota Access Pipeline | NowThis
People In Iowa Taking A Stand Against Dakota Access Pipeline | NowThis
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: NowThis News
Chinese President Xi Jinping Through Iowa Eyes
Chinese President Xi Jinping Through Iowa Eyes
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: CCTV+
Iowa Gives Blind People Gun Permits
Iowa Gives Blind People Gun Permits
Published: 2013/09/10
Channel: David Pakman Show
Cinema Iowa | Field of Dreams - Connects with People
Cinema Iowa | Field of Dreams - Connects with People
Published: 2014/08/02
Channel: IowaPublicTelevision
Iowa Rep Steve King: “Sub-Groups" Don’t Contribute To Civilization
Iowa Rep Steve King: “Sub-Groups" Don’t Contribute To Civilization
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: The Young Turks
Real People, Real Trucks - Iowa
Real People, Real Trucks - Iowa
Published: 2011/02/16
Channel: Ram Trucks
Mitt Romney Responds To Angry Voters In Iowa Corporations Are People My Friend.mp4
Mitt Romney Responds To Angry Voters In Iowa Corporations Are People My Friend.mp4
Published: 2012/05/27
Channel: MrLespunk
Why Did Iowa Give DAPL the Right to Take People
Why Did Iowa Give DAPL the Right to Take People's Land?
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: TYT Politics
Iowa PEOPLE
Iowa PEOPLE
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: KWWLMarketing
Iowa gives blind people gun permits
Iowa gives blind people gun permits
Published: 2013/09/09
Channel: TomoNews US
People of Northwest Iowa Demolition Derby
People of Northwest Iowa Demolition Derby
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: Candice Freese
Camp Courageous of Iowa- Week for People with Physical Disabilities
Camp Courageous of Iowa- Week for People with Physical Disabilities
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Stephen Fasnacht
Rand Paul campaign: Our secret weapon is Iowa
Rand Paul campaign: Our secret weapon is Iowa's young people
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Fox News
Put People First - Iowa
Put People First - Iowa
Published: 2013/01/15
Channel: James Temple
Important People in Iowa History
Important People in Iowa History
Published: 2011/11/03
Channel: bassclarrocker13
Slipknot - People = Sh*t, Wells Fargo Arena, Des Moines, Iowa
Slipknot - People = Sh*t, Wells Fargo Arena, Des Moines, Iowa
Published: 2009/01/30
Channel: Melissa Thompson
What if all the people of Iowa and New Mexico were gone? Part 1, Introduction
What if all the people of Iowa and New Mexico were gone? Part 1, Introduction
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Steve Wolfe
Snobbiest Cities In Iowa?
Snobbiest Cities In Iowa?
Published: 2015/10/06
Channel: KGAN CBS 2
Monster NEW for 2016 Adventureland Iowa POV (unofficial) NoLimits Coaster
Monster NEW for 2016 Adventureland Iowa POV (unofficial) NoLimits Coaster
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Newfor2018
The Nadas - Beautiful Girl (Live at People
The Nadas - Beautiful Girl (Live at People's Bar and Grill, Ames, Iowa. (9/20/2003)
Published: 2015/10/12
Channel: Cory Smith
Ancient Iowa Film Series: Earthlodge People (1972)
Ancient Iowa Film Series: Earthlodge People (1972)
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: Iowa Archaeology
BlackProGen LIVE! Ep 41: People of Color in the Midwest: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, and Missouri
BlackProGen LIVE! Ep 41: People of Color in the Midwest: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, and Missouri
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Nicka Sewell-Smith
People shit - IOWA
People shit - IOWA
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Gonzalo Lorca
The Iowa Song   Josh Connor
The Iowa Song Josh Connor
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: 526music
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Iowa
Báxoje
George Catlin - The White Cloud, Head Chief of the Iowas - Google Art Project.jpg
White Cloud, Chief of the Iowa, by George Catlin (1845), National Gallery of Art
Total population
(estimated 2,567[1][2])
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Kansas,  Nebraska, and  Oklahoma)
Languages
Chiwere language, English
Religion
traditional tribal religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Otoe, Missouria, Ho-Chunk, and other Siouan peoples

The Iowa or Ioway, known as the Báxoǰe in their own language, are a Native American Siouan people. Today, they are enrolled in either of two federally recognized tribes, the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma and the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska.

The Iowa, Missouria, and Otoe tribes were all once part of the Ho-Chunk people. They are all Chiwere language-speaking peoples. They left their ancestral homelands in Southern Wisconsin for Eastern Iowa, a state that bears their name.

In 1837, the Iowa were moved from Iowa to reservations in Brown County, Kansas, and Richardson County, Nebraska. Bands of Iowa moved to Indian Territory in the late 19th century and settled south of Perkins, Oklahoma to become the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma.

Name[edit]

Their name has been said to come from ayuhwa ("sleepy ones."). Early European explorers often adopted the names of tribes from the ethnonyms which other tribes gave them, not understanding that these differed from what the peoples called themselves. Thus, ayuhwa is not an Ioway word. The word Ioway comes from Dakotan ayuxbe via French aiouez.[3] Their autonym (their name for themselves) is Báxoje, pronounced [b̥aꜜxodʒɛ] (alternate spellings: pahotcha, pahucha,[4]), which translates to "grey snow". Báxoje has been incorrectly translated as "dusted faces" or "dusty nose",[4] since the Ioway words use different consonants.[5]

The state of Iowa, where they once lived, was named after this tribe. Their name has been applied to other locations, such as Iowa County, Iowa City and the Iowa River.

Population[edit]

Their estimated 1760 population of 1,100 dropped to 800 by 1804, a decrease caused mainly by smallpox, to which they had no natural immunity. Their numbers were reduced to 500 by 1900. In 1960, 100 Iowa lived in Kansas and 100 in Oklahoma.

By 1980 their population had recovered to 1,000 (of which only 20 spoke Iowa). In 1990 there were 1,700 people. According to the Bureau of Indian Affairs, in 1995 there were 533 individuals living in the Iowa reservations of Kansas and 44 in Nebraska (Horton Agency), while 857 people lived in the Oklahoma Iowa Tribe (Shawnee Agency), amounting to a total of 2,934 people. According to the 2000 census, 1,451 people identified as full-blood Iowa, 76 were of mixed-Indian descent, 688 of mixed-race descent, and 43 of mixed-race and tribe descent, amounting to 2,258 people.

Culture[edit]

Mary Louise White Cloud Rhodd, granddaughter of Chief James White Cloud, in Iowa regalia, White Cloud, Kansas, 1974

The Iowa have had customs similar to those of the other Siouan-speaking tribes of the Great Plains, such as the Omaha, Ponca and Osage. They were a semi-nomadic people who had adopted horses for hunting, but they also had an agricultural lifestyle similar to the tribes inhabiting the Eastern woodlands. They planted maize and manufactured alum pipes, which they traded along with furs with the French colonizers.

Historically, their houses included bark lodges (chakiruthan), tipis, and at times, earth lodges—oven-shaped buildings covered with earth for protection from extremes of temperature and oriented to a cardinal direction. A smoke hole enabled ventilation from a central hearth. During the hunting season or in warfare, they used the portable tipi. Like the Osage or Kansa, Iowa men traditionally shaved their heads and decorated them with deer hide. Like Great Plains tribes, they valued three feats during a battle.

History[edit]

Iowa Indians in London and París, by Catlin (1861), National Gallery of Art

In prehistoric times, the Iowa emigrated from the Great Lakes region to present-day Iowa. In the 16th century, they moved from the Mississippi River to the Great Plains, and possibly then separated from the Ho-Chunk tribe.

From the 15th to 18th centuries, they lived in the Red Pipestone Quarry region (Minnesota). In the early 19th century, the Iowa had reached the banks of the Platte River, where in 1804 Lewis and Clark visited their settlements. There they engaged in trading with the French and local tribes, thanks to their advantageous situation regarding the alum deposits.

Between 1820 and 1840, the Iowa ceded their Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri lands to the U.S. government. By 1837 most were relocated to a reservation along the Kansas-Nebraska border, led by their chief Chief Mahaska (Mew-hew-she-kaw, "White Cloud"; archaic Ioway Maxúshga pronounced [mõxuʃꜜkɐ]; contemporary Maxúhga). They surrendered the Little Platte territory in Missouri in 1836. Other Missouri lands had been ceded in 1824.

In 1837 they settled in a strip of land in Kansas, south of the Big Nemaha River, along with the Sauk and the Fox. Some 45 Iowa fought in the American Civil War in the Union Army, among them Chief James White Cloud, son of Mahaska

In 1883 a number of Iowa moved to Indian Territory preferring to live in the older community village way of life. The new reservation was located in Lincoln, Payne and Logan counties in the Indian Territory. However, despite their efforts to block allotment, their lands were divided anyway. Today the Iowa Reservation in Nebraska and Kansas is approximately 2,100 acres (8.5 km2) in size, and has more than 150 residents.

In 2013 Tim Rhodd was chosen as chairman of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska. Janice Kurak is the current tribal chairperson of the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma.[6]

The Ioway Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska operates the Casino White Cloud at White Cloud, Kansas on the Ioway Reservation.

Notable Iowa people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ioway Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska." Ioway Cultural Institute. (retrieved 23 Sept 2010)
  2. ^ "Pocket Pictorial." Archived 2010-04-06 at the Wayback Machine. Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2010: 16. (retrieved 23 Sept 2010)
  3. ^ Koontz, John E. (2004) Contribution to Siouan listserv thread "(O)maha" (24 March)
  4. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Iowas". The American Cyclopædia. 
  5. ^ Goodtracks, Jimm (16 August 2008), personal communication. Ioway Otoe-Missouria Language Website
  6. ^ "Oklahoma's Tribal Nations." Archived 2010-03-28 at the Wayback Machine. Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2010 (retrieved 31 March 2011)

External links[edit]

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