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1
Inside the Warehouse - Iron Maiden
Inside the Warehouse - Iron Maiden
::2009/11/05::
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2
25 Most Brutal Torture Techniques Ever Devised
25 Most Brutal Torture Techniques Ever Devised
::2013/05/22::
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3
Top 10 Medieval Torture Methods
Top 10 Medieval Torture Methods
::2012/11/22::
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4
拷問具 ニュルンベルクの鉄の処女 Iron Maiden (Torture Device)
拷問具 ニュルンベルクの鉄の処女 Iron Maiden (Torture Device)
::2010/10/06::
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5
Iron Maiden at Moscow Museum of Tortures
Iron Maiden at Moscow Museum of Tortures
::2013/11/21::
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6
The Most Cruel & Painful Way To Die
The Most Cruel & Painful Way To Die
::2011/10/23::
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5 Of The Most Gruesome Medieval Torture Devices
5 Of The Most Gruesome Medieval Torture Devices
::2013/07/20::
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8
"A Vampyre Story", full HD walkthrough, Part 4 - Torture chamber (Iron Maiden dialogue)
"A Vampyre Story", full HD walkthrough, Part 4 - Torture chamber (Iron Maiden dialogue)
::2010/09/13::
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9
Iron maiden (torture device)
Iron maiden (torture device)
::2014/10/31::
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10
Iron Maiden - Bring your Daughter... to the Slaughter (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Bring your Daughter... to the Slaughter (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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11
Iron maiden - Be quick or be Dead (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - Be quick or be Dead (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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12
Medieval Torture Devices
Medieval Torture Devices
::2010/06/07::
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13
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name(Flight 666)
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name(Flight 666)
::2009/07/02::
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14
Iron Maiden - Iron Maiden (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Iron Maiden (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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15
Iron Maiden - Afraid To Shoot Strangers (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Afraid To Shoot Strangers (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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16
Iron Maiden - The Clairvoyant (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - The Clairvoyant (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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17
Amnesia: The Dark Descent Scary moments 3 [HD]
Amnesia: The Dark Descent Scary moments 3 [HD]
::2010/12/18::
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18
Iron maiden - Transylvania/From Here To Eternity (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - Transylvania/From Here To Eternity (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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19
Iron Maiden - Sanctuary (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Sanctuary (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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20
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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21
Iron Maiden-Iron Maiden-Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden-Iron Maiden-Iron Maiden
::2012/05/24::
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22
Iron maiden - Heaven Can Wait (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - Heaven Can Wait (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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23
LP Vagrant Story: 47. Iron Maiden
LP Vagrant Story: 47. Iron Maiden
::2009/02/26::
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24
Iron Maiden -  "Raising Hell" (Intro)
Iron Maiden - "Raising Hell" (Intro)
::2011/05/15::
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25
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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26
Iron Maiden - Raising Hell - Wrathchild
Iron Maiden - Raising Hell - Wrathchild
::2009/07/18::
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27
Iron maiden - The Evil That Men Do (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - The Evil That Men Do (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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28
Iron maiden - 2 Minutes To Midnight (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - 2 Minutes To Midnight (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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29
Iron maiden - The Trooper (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - The Trooper (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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30
INFERNAL DEVICE: Machinery of Torture and Execution
INFERNAL DEVICE: Machinery of Torture and Execution
::2008/03/08::
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31
Iron maiden - Fear Of The Dark (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - Fear Of The Dark (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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32
Iron Maiden - Wrathchild (Raising Hell)
Iron Maiden - Wrathchild (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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33
The Beauty Myth: Iron Maiden
The Beauty Myth: Iron Maiden
::2010/05/02::
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34
Iron maiden - The Number Of The Beast (Raising Hell)
Iron maiden - The Number Of The Beast (Raising Hell)
::2010/09/30::
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35
MR.TORTURE: PROWLER (Iron Maiden cover)
MR.TORTURE: PROWLER (Iron Maiden cover)
::2008/06/03::
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36
the trooper iron maiden guitar cover
the trooper iron maiden guitar cover
::2010/06/23::
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37
Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden
::2009/10/25::
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iron maiden device inside draculas castle transilvania romania
iron maiden device inside draculas castle transilvania romania
::2014/02/01::
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39
Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden
::2007/02/10::
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40
The Iron Maiden (1962) hot brunette gets a spanking punishment
The Iron Maiden (1962) hot brunette gets a spanking punishment
::2013/12/23::
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41
Demolition Hammer - Skull Fracturing Nightmare
Demolition Hammer - Skull Fracturing Nightmare
::2008/09/02::
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42
Dumbass shed door repair
Dumbass shed door repair
::2009/06/27::
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43
Amnesia -- Torture
Amnesia -- Torture
::2011/02/12::
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sleepy hollow clip
sleepy hollow clip
::2009/07/21::
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Medieval Torture Devices Project
Medieval Torture Devices Project
::2014/02/26::
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Iron maiden- Iron Maiden
Iron maiden- Iron Maiden
::2009/10/24::
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JILL TRACY: "Torture" w lyrics OFFICIAL
JILL TRACY: "Torture" w lyrics OFFICIAL
::2014/05/18::
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My Top Types of Medieval Torture
My Top Types of Medieval Torture
::2014/01/13::
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EXECUTION and TORTURE (The Maiden: Scotland
EXECUTION and TORTURE (The Maiden: Scotland's guillotine)
::2012/05/31::
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Medieval torture room
Medieval torture room
::2011/06/13::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see Iron Maiden (disambiguation).
Various neo-medieval torture instruments. An iron maiden stands at the right.

An iron maiden (German: eiserne Jungfrau) is a presumed torture device, consisting of an iron cabinet with a hinged front and spike-covered interior, sufficiently tall to enclose a human being.

History[edit]

The iron maiden is often associated with the Middle Ages.[1] However, no account has been found earlier than 1793, although medieval torture devices were catalogued and reproduced during the 19th century.

Wolfgang Schild, a professor of criminal law, criminal law history, and philosophy of law at the University of Bielefeld, has argued that supposed iron maidens were pieced together from artifacts found in museums to create spectacular objects intended for (commercial) exhibition.[2]

The most famous iron maiden was that of Nuremberg, first displayed possibly as far back as 1802. The original was lost in the Allied bombing of Nuremberg in 1944. A copy "from the Royal Castle of Nuremberg," crafted for public display, was sold through J. Ichenhauser of London to the Earl of Shrewsbury in 1890 along with other torture devices, and, after being displayed at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, was taken on an American tour.[3] This copy was auctioned in the early 1960s and is now on display at the Medieval Crime Museum, Rothenburg ob der Tauber.[4]

Historians have ascertained that Johann Philipp Siebenkees created the history of it as a hoax in 1793. According to Siebenkees' colportage, it was first used on August 14, 1515, to execute a coin forger.[5]

It was built in the 19th century as a probable misinterpretation of a medieval "Schandmantel" ("mantle of shame"), which was made of wood and tin but without spikes.

It was anthropomorphic, probably styled after primitive "Gothic" representations of Mary, the mother of Jesus, with a cast likeness of her on the face. It was about 7 feet (2.1 m) tall and 3 feet (0.91 m) wide, had double doors, and was big enough to contain an adult man. Inside the tomb-sized container it had dozens of sharp spikes.

A crude copy was supposedly found among the palace effects of Uday Hussein in Iraq.[6]

Several 19th-century iron maidens are on display in museums around the world,[citation needed] but it is unlikely that they were ever employed.

Inspiration for the iron maiden may come from the Carthaginian execution of Marcus Atilius Regulus as recorded in Tertullian's "To the Martyrs" (Chapter 4) and Augustine of Hippo's The City of God (I.15), in which the Carthaginians "packed him into a tight wooden box, spiked with sharp nails on all sides so that he could not lean in any direction without being pierced,"[7] or by the account of Nabis of Sparta's deadly statue of his wife, the Apega.

British heavy metal band Iron Maiden got their name from the torture device.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vortrag Klaus Graf: "Das Hinrichtungswerkzeug "Eiserne Jungfrau" ist eine Fiktion des 19. Jahrhunderts, denn erst in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts hat man frühneuzeitliche Schandmäntel, die als Straf- und Folterwerkzeuge dienten und gelegentlich als "Jungfrau" bezeichnet wurden, innen mit eisernen Spitzen versehen und somit die Objekte den schaurigen Phantasien in Literatur und Sage angepaßt. " ("The execution tool "Iron Maiden" is a fiction of the 19th century, because only since the first half of the 19th Century the early-modern-times' "rishard cloaks," which sometimes were called "maidens", were provided with iron spikes; and thus the objects were adapted to the dreadful fantasies in literature and legend.") Mordgeschichten und Hexenerinnerungen - das boshafte Gedächtnis auf dem Dorf, June 21, 2001 accessed July 11, 2007.
  2. ^ Schild, Wolfgang (2000). Die eiserne Jungfrau. Dichtung und Wahrheit (Schriftenreihe des Mittelalterlichen Kriminalmuseums Rothenburg o. d. Tauber Nr. 3). Rothenburg ob der Tauber. 
  3. ^ "Famous torture instruments: the Earl of Shrewsbury's collection soon to be exhibited here", The New York Times, 26 November 1893 accessed 20 June 2009, refers particularly only to the "justly-celebrated iron maiden".
  4. ^ It was notably absent from the remainder of the collection, auctioned at Guernsey's, New York, in May 2009 (Richard Pyle, Associated Press, "For sale in NYC: torture devices").
  5. ^ Wolfgang Schild, Die Eiserne Jungfrau, 2002
  6. ^ Aparisim Ghosh (19 April 2003). "Iron Maiden Found in Uday's Hussein's Playground". TIME.com. Retrieved 7 February 2006. 
  7. ^ Translation by Gerald G. Walsh, S.J., Demetrius B. Zema, S.J., Grace Monahan, O.S.U., and Daniel J. Honan.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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