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Iron Maiden - The Trooper (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - The Trooper (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
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Iron Maiden - The Number Of The Beast (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - The Number Of The Beast (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Wasted Years (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Wasted Years (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
KIDS REACT TO IRON MAIDEN (Metal Music)
KIDS REACT TO IRON MAIDEN (Metal Music)
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: FBE
Iron Maiden - Aces High (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Aces High (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark (lyrics)
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark (lyrics)
Published: 2012/06/02
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Iron Maiden - The Trooper
Iron Maiden - The Trooper
Published: 2008/02/17
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Iron Maiden Iron Maiden (1980 Full Album)
Iron Maiden Iron Maiden (1980 Full Album)
Published: 2015/07/27
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Best of Iron Maiden 2017 | All Albums | Ultimate Playlist | Greatests Hits
Best of Iron Maiden 2017 | All Albums | Ultimate Playlist | Greatests Hits
Published: 2015/11/23
Channel: Greed
Iron Maiden - Can I Play With Madness (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Can I Play With Madness (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Killers (Full Album)
Iron Maiden - Killers (Full Album)
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Vicktor K.Y.
Iron Maiden - Speed Of Light (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Speed Of Light (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - 2 Minutes To Midnight (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - 2 Minutes To Midnight (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name (Studio Version)
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name (Studio Version)
Published: 2008/10/08
Channel: gibsonscottyozzy
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills
Published: 2007/08/19
Channel: ednut69
Iron Maiden - The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Full Length
Iron Maiden - The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Full Length
Published: 2010/08/13
Channel: remotenightowl
Iron Maiden - Wasting Love (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Wasting Love (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Wasted Years (Live from The Book Of Souls World Tour)
Iron Maiden - Wasted Years (Live from The Book Of Souls World Tour)
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Flight 666 [Full Concert]
Iron Maiden - Flight 666 [Full Concert]
Published: 2012/10/25
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Iron Maiden - Flight Of Icarus (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Flight Of Icarus (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Powerslave (1984)
Iron Maiden - Powerslave (1984)
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: AdánRock73
Iron Maiden - Killers 1981
Iron Maiden - Killers 1981
Published: 2014/09/07
Channel: Martin M
Iron Maiden - The Evil That Men Do (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - The Evil That Men Do (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name
Published: 2008/12/23
Channel: Ivan Martínez Higuera
Iron Maiden - Piece of Mind
Iron Maiden - Piece of Mind
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Martin M
Iron Maiden   Live at Rock am Ring 2014   Full uncut show
Iron Maiden Live at Rock am Ring 2014 Full uncut show
Published: 2014/06/06
Channel: The Ultimatefly
Iron Maiden - Best of the Beast 1996 (Full album) Greatest Hits
Iron Maiden - Best of the Beast 1996 (Full album) Greatest Hits
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: TheMetal Channel
Iron Maiden - (2015) The Book of Souls *Full Album*
Iron Maiden - (2015) The Book of Souls *Full Album*
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: MIJA LAFLOPPA
Judas Priest/ Iron Maiden - Playlist Junkie #8
Judas Priest/ Iron Maiden - Playlist Junkie #8
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Cinemassacre
Revelations - Iron Maiden (with lyrics)
Revelations - Iron Maiden (with lyrics)
Published: 2009/12/06
Channel: Robert Barron
Iron Maiden - Blood brothers [LYRICS]
Iron Maiden - Blood brothers [LYRICS]
Published: 2009/08/13
Channel: Elurtza
Iron Maiden - Live Wacken 2016 (Full HD Concert)
Iron Maiden - Live Wacken 2016 (Full HD Concert)
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: Joel Barrios
Iron Maiden - Ed Force One Special
Iron Maiden - Ed Force One Special
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark (Live At Rock In Rio) - Legendado
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark (Live At Rock In Rio) - Legendado
Published: 2009/04/30
Channel: bruxo10000
Iron Maiden- Phantom Of The Opera
Iron Maiden- Phantom Of The Opera
Published: 2009/03/23
Channel: zerototalchaos
Iron Maiden - The Trooper (En Vivo!) [HD]
Iron Maiden - The Trooper (En Vivo!) [HD]
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: fadingbox
The best Of Iron Maiden
The best Of Iron Maiden
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Elmo_music
Iron Maiden - Blood Brothers
Iron Maiden - Blood Brothers
Published: 2010/11/30
Channel: Pien000
Iron Maiden - The Last Leg (of The Book Of Souls World Tour)
Iron Maiden - The Last Leg (of The Book Of Souls World Tour)
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - The Wicker Man (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - The Wicker Man (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
The Tales Of The Iron Maiden - FEAR OF THE DARK
The Tales Of The Iron Maiden - FEAR OF THE DARK
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: MaidenCartoons Val Andrade
Iron Maiden - "Seventh Son of a Seventh Son"
Iron Maiden - "Seventh Son of a Seventh Son"
Published: 2008/08/04
Channel: Likeyoucare
Iron Maiden  Behind The Beast
Iron Maiden Behind The Beast
Published: 2013/10/25
Channel: David Seyer
Iron Maiden - Stranger In A Strange Land (Official Video)
Iron Maiden - Stranger In A Strange Land (Official Video)
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name (En Vivo!) [HD]
Iron Maiden - Hallowed Be Thy Name (En Vivo!) [HD]
Published: 2012/03/28
Channel: fadingbox
Iron Maiden - Live After Death [Full Album/Concert] - Full HD/HQ
Iron Maiden - Live After Death [Full Album/Concert] - Full HD/HQ
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Dranik94
Fear Of The Dark - Iron Maiden en Argentina - Subtitulos Español
Fear Of The Dark - Iron Maiden en Argentina - Subtitulos Español
Published: 2011/12/04
Channel: Mattias Maiden
Iron Maiden - The Trooper (Banjo cover w/ solos)
Iron Maiden - The Trooper (Banjo cover w/ solos)
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Rob Scallon
Iron Maiden - The Number of the Beast
Iron Maiden - The Number of the Beast
Published: 2009/06/27
Channel: xHolyDiv3rX
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Iron maiden (torture device))
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Various neo-medieval torture instruments. An iron maiden stands at the right.

The iron maiden was a putative torture and execution device, consisting of an iron cabinet with a hinged front and spike-covered interior, sufficiently tall to enclose a human being. The first stories citing the iron maiden were composed in the 19th century.

History[edit]

An open iron maiden

The iron maiden is uniquely a Germanic invention, originated in the town of Nuremberg at some point in the high-Middle Ages (the period with which it is associated[1]); probably in the 14th century. The device, known in German as the "Eiserne Jungfrau", looked very similar to an Egyptian mummy sarcophagus.[2] Wolfgang Schild, a professor of criminal law, criminal law history, and philosophy of law at the University of Bielefeld, has argued that putative iron maidens were pieced together from artifacts found in museums to create spectacular objects intended for (commercial) exhibition.[3] Several 19th-century iron maidens are on display in museums around the world, including the San Diego Museum of Man,[4] the Meiji University Museum,[5] and multiple torture museums[6][7][8] in Europe. It is unlikely that any of these iron maidens were ever employed as instruments of torture.[citation needed]

The 17th-century iron maidens may have been constructed as probable misinterpretation of a medieval Schandmantel ("coat of shame" or "barrel of shame"),[citation needed] which was made of wood and metal but without spikes.[9] Inspiration for the iron maiden may also have come from the Carthaginian execution of Marcus Atilius Regulus as recorded in Tertullian's "To the Martyrs" (Chapter 4) and Augustine of Hippo's The City of God (I.15), in which the Carthaginians "packed him into a tight wooden box, spiked with sharp nails on all sides so that he could not lean in any direction without being pierced",[10] or from Polybius' account of Nabis of Sparta's deadly statue of his wife, the Iron Apega (earliest form of the device).[11][12]

The iron maiden of Nuremberg[edit]

The most famous iron maiden that popularized the design was that of Nuremberg, first displayed possibly as far back as 1802. The original was lost in the Allied bombing of Nuremberg in 1944. A copy "from the Royal Castle of Nuremberg", crafted for public display, was sold through J. Ichenhauser of London to the Earl of Shrewsbury in 1890 along with other torture devices, and, after being displayed at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, was taken on an American tour.[13] This copy was auctioned in the early 1960s and is now on display at the Medieval Crime Museum, Rothenburg ob der Tauber.[14]

Historians have ascertained that Johann Philipp Siebenkees made up the history of the device.[citation needed] According to Siebenkees' colportage, it was first used on August 14, 1515, to execute a coin forger.[15]

Cultural influence of the iron maiden[edit]

The British heavy metal band Iron Maiden was named after the torture device.[16]

"Iron Maiden" was the nickname given to a research centrifuge gondola designed for submerging a human body in water to counteract the effects of high-g acceleration, at the Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory (AMAL) of the Johnsville Naval Air Development Center. In 1958, researcher R. Flanagan Gray survived, experiencing 31.25 Gs for five seconds using AMAL's Iron Maiden.[17]

In 2003, Time magazine reported that an iron maiden was found outside the Iraqi Football Association office of Uday Hussein in Iraq.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graf, Klaus (June 21, 2001), Mordgeschichten und Hexenerinnerungen - das boshafte Gedächtnis auf dem Dorf, Archived from the original on August 28, 2004, retrieved July 11, 2007, Das Hinrichtungswerkzeug "Eiserne Jungfrau" ist eine Fiktion des 19. Jahrhunderts, denn erst in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts hat man frühneuzeitliche Schandmäntel, die als Straf- und Folterwerkzeuge dienten und gelegentlich als "Jungfrau" bezeichnet wurden, innen mit eisernen Spitzen versehen und somit die Objekte den schaurigen Phantasien in Literatur und Sage angepaßt." ("The execution tool "Iron Maiden" is a fiction of the 19th century, because only since the first half of the 19th Century the early-modern-times' "rishard cloaks", which sometimes were called "maidens", were provided with iron spikes; and thus the objects were adapted to the dreadful fantasies in literature and legend." .
  2. ^ Donnelly, Mark, and Daniel Diehl. The Big Book of Pain: Torture & Punishment through History. Stroud: History, 2008. Print. Schneiden (headcrusher)
  3. ^ Schild, Wolfgang (2000). Die eiserne Jungfrau. Dichtung und Wahrheit (Schriftenreihe des Mittelalterlichen Kriminalmuseums Rothenburg o. d. Tauber Nr. 3). Rothenburg ob der Tauber. 
  4. ^ San Diego Museum of Man, Medieval Imposter: the Iron Maiden 
  5. ^ Meiji University Museum, The Mission of the Meiji University Museum 
  6. ^ Museum Kyburg Castle, The Iron Maiden 
  7. ^ Český Krumlov Castle Museum of Torture, Museum of Torture 
  8. ^ Seth Robson, "Prague: Torture Museum Offers a Blood-Curdling Collection", Stars and Stripes 
  9. ^ Museum Digital, Schandmantel 
  10. ^ Translation by Gerald G. Walsh, S.J., Demetrius B. Zema, S.J., Grace Monahan, O.S.U., and Daniel J. Honan.
  11. ^ Polybius, Translated by Evelyn Shirley Shuckburgh, The Histories of Polybius, Volume II, Book XIII, Chapter 7 
  12. ^ Pomeroy, Sarah B. (2002p), "Elite Women, The Last Reformers: Apega and Nabis and Chaeron", Spartan Women, Oxford University Press US, pp. 89–90, ISBN 0-19-513067-7 – via Books.Google.com .
  13. ^ "Famous torture instruments: the Earl of Shrewsbury's collection soon to be exhibited here", The New York Times, 26 November 1893 accessed 20 June 2009, refers particularly only to the "justly-celebrated iron maiden".
  14. ^ It was notably absent from the remainder of the collection, auctioned at Guernsey's, New York, in May 2009 (Richard Pyle, Associated Press, "For sale in NYC: torture devices").
  15. ^ Wolfgang Schild, Die Eiserne Jungfrau, 2002
  16. ^ Geoff Barton (27 October 1979), Blood and Iron: HM from the punky East End and nothing to do with Margaret Thatcher, sez Deaf Barton, NWOBHM.com, archived from the original on 29 June 2007, retrieved 8 October 2006 
  17. ^ The Johnsville Centrifuge and Science Museum, 20th Century "Torture Device" Returns to Bucks County 
  18. ^ Aparisim Ghosh (19 April 2003). "Iron Maiden Found in Uday's Hussein's Playground". TIME.com. Retrieved 7 February 2006. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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