1
Iron Maiden - Playlist - 3,5  HOURS
Iron Maiden - Playlist - 3,5 HOURS
DATE: 2014/02/27::
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Iron Maiden - Fear of the Dark
Iron Maiden - Fear of the Dark
DATE: 2007/05/08::
3
Iron Maiden Playlist - Ultimate Mix
Iron Maiden Playlist - Ultimate Mix
DATE: 2015/02/02::
4
Iron Maiden  The Book of Souls
Iron Maiden The Book of Souls
DATE: 2015/06/18::
5
Iron Maiden - The Trooper
Iron Maiden - The Trooper
DATE: 2007/02/04::
6
Iron Maiden - Wasted Years
Iron Maiden - Wasted Years
DATE: 2009/03/09::
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Iron Maiden - Rock in Rio - FULL CONCERT [HQ]
Iron Maiden - Rock in Rio - FULL CONCERT [HQ]
DATE: 2013/02/11::
8
Iron Maiden - Live at Rock am Ring 2014 (full show HD)
Iron Maiden - Live at Rock am Ring 2014 (full show HD)
DATE: 2014/06/12::
9
Best Of The Beast - Iron Maiden 1996 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album
Best Of The Beast - Iron Maiden 1996 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album
DATE: 2014/03/24::
10
Top 30 songs of Iron Maiden
Top 30 songs of Iron Maiden
DATE: 2013/11/26::
11
Powerslave - Iron Maiden 1984 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album! +Bonus Songs
Powerslave - Iron Maiden 1984 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album! +Bonus Songs
DATE: 2014/02/04::
12
Iron Maiden   Live at Rock am Ring 2014   Full uncut show
Iron Maiden Live at Rock am Ring 2014 Full uncut show
DATE: 2014/06/05::
13
Iron Maiden-Powerslave [Full Album]
Iron Maiden-Powerslave [Full Album]
DATE: 2011/12/05::
14
Somewhere In Time - Iron Maiden 1986 (Remastered 1998) Full Album HD +Bonus Songs
Somewhere In Time - Iron Maiden 1986 (Remastered 1998) Full Album HD +Bonus Songs
DATE: 2014/02/27::
15
Iron Maiden A Matter of Life and Death Full Album (2006)
Iron Maiden A Matter of Life and Death Full Album (2006)
DATE: 2014/09/02::
16
Iron Maiden - RaR - Rock am Ring - 2014 - HD
Iron Maiden - RaR - Rock am Ring - 2014 - HD
DATE: 2014/06/05::
17
Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son - Iron Maiden 1988 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album +Bonus Songs
Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son - Iron Maiden 1988 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album +Bonus Songs
DATE: 2014/03/04::
18
Iron Maiden - The Number Of The Beast  Album
Iron Maiden - The Number Of The Beast Album
DATE: 2014/07/09::
19
Iron Maiden   The Early Days Completo subtitulado
Iron Maiden The Early Days Completo subtitulado
DATE: 2014/03/21::
20
Iron Maiden - The Number Of The Beast
Iron Maiden - The Number Of The Beast
DATE: 2009/02/28::
21
Iron Maiden - Somewhere In Time - Full Album
Iron Maiden - Somewhere In Time - Full Album
DATE: 2014/09/15::
22
Iron Maiden PLAYLIST 2 - The Iron List - 50 Songs Of The Beast
Iron Maiden PLAYLIST 2 - The Iron List - 50 Songs Of The Beast
DATE: 2014/09/29::
23
Iron Maiden - Iron Maiden (Original 1980) + Bonus Tracks (Reissue 1995) (Full Album) - HD
Iron Maiden - Iron Maiden (Original 1980) + Bonus Tracks (Reissue 1995) (Full Album) - HD
DATE: 2012/03/30::
24
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills
Iron Maiden - Run To The Hills
DATE: 2009/02/28::
25
Piece Of Mind - Iron Maiden 1983 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album +Bonus Songs
Piece Of Mind - Iron Maiden 1983 (Remastered 1998) HD Full Album +Bonus Songs
DATE: 2014/01/31::
26
Iron Maiden - Flight 666 The Film (Spanish subtitles)
Iron Maiden - Flight 666 The Film (Spanish subtitles)
DATE: 2013/08/01::
27
Iron Maiden - En Vivo - full concert
Iron Maiden - En Vivo - full concert
DATE: 2012/03/29::
28
Iron Maiden - Flight 666 [Full Concert]
Iron Maiden - Flight 666 [Full Concert]
DATE: 2012/10/24::
29
Iron Maiden - Aces High - Official Video
Iron Maiden - Aces High - Official Video
DATE: 2009/10/02::
30
Live After Death - Iron Maiden 1985 (Remastered 1998) Full Album HD +Bonus Songs
Live After Death - Iron Maiden 1985 (Remastered 1998) Full Album HD +Bonus Songs
DATE: 2014/02/26::
31
Iron Maiden - Iron Maiden [FULL ALBUM]
Iron Maiden - Iron Maiden [FULL ALBUM]
DATE: 2013/02/18::
32
Iron Maiden - The Trooper
Iron Maiden - The Trooper
DATE: 2009/03/09::
33
Iron Maiden Live Rock in Rio 2013 Show Completo
Iron Maiden Live Rock in Rio 2013 Show Completo
DATE: 2014/01/27::
34
Iron Maiden - Dance of Death
Iron Maiden - Dance of Death
DATE: 2007/06/27::
35
Iron Maiden - Long Beach Arena, Long Beach, CA, 3/15/85 [Live After Death]
Iron Maiden - Long Beach Arena, Long Beach, CA, 3/15/85 [Live After Death]
DATE: 2012/07/22::
36
Jim Breuer 2013 IRON MAIDEN VS THE WIGGLES Slayer & Lord Of The Rings FUNNY!   Metallica
Jim Breuer 2013 IRON MAIDEN VS THE WIGGLES Slayer & Lord Of The Rings FUNNY! Metallica
DATE: 2014/12/22::
37
Iron Maiden  Behind The Beast
Iron Maiden Behind The Beast
DATE: 2013/10/25::
38
Iron Maiden - Wasting Love
Iron Maiden - Wasting Love
DATE: 2009/02/28::
39
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt - Gameplay Walkthrough Part 95: Iron Maiden
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt - Gameplay Walkthrough Part 95: Iron Maiden
DATE: 2015/06/29::
40
Como pronunciar : IRON MAN - IRON MAIDEN  /ˈaɪərn/
Como pronunciar : IRON MAN - IRON MAIDEN /ˈaɪərn/
DATE: 2015/06/28::
41
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark (Live At Rock In Rio) - Legendado
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark (Live At Rock In Rio) - Legendado
DATE: 2009/04/30::
42
Iron Maiden Fear of The Dark Full Album (1992)
Iron Maiden Fear of The Dark Full Album (1992)
DATE: 2014/09/01::
43
Iron Maiden Brave new World(studio version)
Iron Maiden Brave new World(studio version)
DATE: 2007/10/30::
44
Iron Maiden - Seventh son of a seventh son (Live 1988 Birmingham NEC)
Iron Maiden - Seventh son of a seventh son (Live 1988 Birmingham NEC)
DATE: 2010/01/25::
45
Iron Maiden - The Final Frontier (2010) [FULL ALBUM]
Iron Maiden - The Final Frontier (2010) [FULL ALBUM]
DATE: 2014/12/25::
46
Iron Maiden - Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son [Full Album]
Iron Maiden - Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son [Full Album]
DATE: 2011/10/20::
47
Iron Maiden - (Live At The Rainbow - 1981) FULL CONCERT
Iron Maiden - (Live At The Rainbow - 1981) FULL CONCERT
DATE: 2011/10/17::
48
Iron Maiden - En Vivo! [HD] [Full Concert]
Iron Maiden - En Vivo! [HD] [Full Concert]
DATE: 2013/05/05::
49
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark [Donington 2013] Full HD
Iron Maiden - Fear Of The Dark [Donington 2013] Full HD
DATE: 2013/07/22::
50
The History of Iron Maiden, Part 1: The Early Days Part 1
The History of Iron Maiden, Part 1: The Early Days Part 1
DATE: 2010/10/09::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about the supposed torture device. For the band, see Iron Maiden. For other uses, see Iron Maiden (disambiguation).
Various neo-medieval torture instruments. An iron maiden stands at the right.

An iron maiden (German: eiserne Jungfrau) is a presumed, though likely fictional, torture device, consisting of an iron cabinet with a hinged front and spike-covered interior, sufficiently tall to enclose a human being.

History[edit]

The iron maiden is often associated with the Middle Ages.[1] However, no account has been found earlier than 1793, although medieval torture devices were catalogued and reproduced during the 19th century. Wolfgang Schild, a professor of criminal law, criminal law history, and philosophy of law at the University of Bielefeld, has argued that supposed iron maidens were pieced together from artifacts found in museums to create spectacular objects intended for (commercial) exhibition.[2] Several 19th-century iron maidens are on display in museums around the world, including the San Diego Museum of Man,[3] the Meiji University Museum,[4] and multiple torture museums[5][6][7] in Europe. It is unlikely that any of these iron maidens were ever employed as instruments of torture.

The original 17th-century iron maidens may have been constructed as probable misinterpretation of a medieval Schandmantel ("coat of shame" or "barrel of shame"),[citation needed] which was made of wood and metal but without spikes.[8] Inspiration for the iron maiden may also have come from the Carthaginian execution of Marcus Atilius Regulus as recorded in Tertullian's "To the Martyrs" (Chapter 4) and Augustine of Hippo's The City of God (I.15), in which the Carthaginians "packed him into a tight wooden box, spiked with sharp nails on all sides so that he could not lean in any direction without being pierced",[9] or from Polybius' account of Nabis of Sparta's deadly statue of his wife, the Iron Apega.[10][11]

The iron maiden of Nuremberg[edit]

The most famous iron maiden that popularized the design was that of Nuremberg, first displayed possibly as far back as 1802. The original was lost in the Allied bombing of Nuremberg in 1944. A copy "from the Royal Castle of Nuremberg", crafted for public display, was sold through J. Ichenhauser of London to the Earl of Shrewsbury in 1890 along with other torture devices, and, after being displayed at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, was taken on an American tour.[12] This copy was auctioned in the early 1960s and is now on display at the Medieval Crime Museum, Rothenburg ob der Tauber.[13]

Historians have ascertained that Johann Philipp Siebenkees created the history of it as a hoax in 1793. According to Siebenkees' colportage, it was first used on August 14, 1515, to execute a coin forger.[14]

The iron maiden of Nuremberg was anthropomorphic, probably styled after primitive "Gothic" representations of Mary, the mother of Jesus, with a cast likeness of her on the face. It was about 7 feet (2.1 m) tall and 3 feet (0.91 m) wide, had double doors, and was big enough to contain an adult man. Inside the tomb-sized container it had dozens of sharp spikes.[citation needed]

Cultural influence of the Iron Maiden[edit]

The British heavy metal band Iron Maiden was named after the torture device.[15]

Iron Maiden was the name given to a research tool for experiments in submerging a human body in water to alleviate the effects of high-g acceleration, at the Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory (AMAL) of the Johnsville Naval Air Development Center. In 1958, researcher R. Flanagan Gray survived 31.25 Gs for five seconds using AMAL's Iron Maiden.[16]

In 2003, Time magazine reported that an iron maiden was found outside the Iraqi Football Association office of Uday Hussein in Iraq.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vortrag Klaus Graf: "Das Hinrichtungswerkzeug "Eiserne Jungfrau" ist eine Fiktion des 19. Jahrhunderts, denn erst in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts hat man frühneuzeitliche Schandmäntel, die als Straf- und Folterwerkzeuge dienten und gelegentlich als "Jungfrau" bezeichnet wurden, innen mit eisernen Spitzen versehen und somit die Objekte den schaurigen Phantasien in Literatur und Sage angepaßt." ("The execution tool "Iron Maiden" is a fiction of the 19th century, because only since the first half of the 19th Century the early-modern-times' "rishard cloaks", which sometimes were called "maidens", were provided with iron spikes; and thus the objects were adapted to the dreadful fantasies in literature and legend.") Mordgeschichten und Hexenerinnerungen - das boshafte Gedächtnis auf dem Dorf, June 21, 2001 accessed July 11, 2007.
  2. ^ Schild, Wolfgang (2000). Die eiserne Jungfrau. Dichtung und Wahrheit (Schriftenreihe des Mittelalterlichen Kriminalmuseums Rothenburg o. d. Tauber Nr. 3). Rothenburg ob der Tauber. 
  3. ^ San Diego Museum of Man, Medieval Imposter: the Iron Maiden 
  4. ^ Meiji University Museum, The Mission of the Meiji University Museum 
  5. ^ Museum Kyburg Castle, The Iron Maiden 
  6. ^ Český Krumlov Castle Museum of Torture, Museum of Torture 
  7. ^ Seth Robson, Stars and Stripes, Prague: Torture Museum Offers a Blood-Curdling Collection 
  8. ^ Museum Digital, Schandmantel 
  9. ^ Translation by Gerald G. Walsh, S.J., Demetrius B. Zema, S.J., Grace Monahan, O.S.U., and Daniel J. Honan.
  10. ^ Polybius, Translated by Evelyn Shirley Shuckburgh, The Histories of Polybius, Volume II, Book XIII, Chapter 7 
  11. ^ Pomeroy, Sarah B. Spartan Women, "Elite Women, The Last Reformers: Apega and Nabis and Chaeron" Oxford University Press US (2002), pp. 89–90, 198 pages, Books.Google.com, ISBN 0-19-513067-7 and ISBN 978-0-19-513067-6.
  12. ^ "Famous torture instruments: the Earl of Shrewsbury's collection soon to be exhibited here", The New York Times, 26 November 1893 accessed 20 June 2009, refers particularly only to the "justly-celebrated iron maiden".
  13. ^ It was notably absent from the remainder of the collection, auctioned at Guernsey's, New York, in May 2009 (Richard Pyle, Associated Press, "For sale in NYC: torture devices").
  14. ^ Wolfgang Schild, Die Eiserne Jungfrau, 2002
  15. ^ Geoff Barton (27 October 1979), Blood and Iron: HM from the punky East End and nothing to do with Margaret Thatcher, sez Deaf Barton, NWOBHM.com, archived from the original on 29 June 2007, retrieved 8 October 2006 
  16. ^ The Johnsville Centrifuge and Science Museum, 20th Century "Torture Device" Returns to Bucks County 
  17. ^ Aparisim Ghosh (19 April 2003). "Iron Maiden Found in Uday's Hussein's Playground". TIME.com. Retrieved 7 February 2006. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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