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Irregular Warfare, Hybrid Threats, and the Future Role of Ground Forces: Keynote
Irregular Warfare, Hybrid Threats, and the Future Role of Ground Forces: Keynote
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
The Regularity of Irregular Warfare
The Regularity of Irregular Warfare
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: BakerInstitute
What is IW? (Irregular Warfare)
What is IW? (Irregular Warfare)
Published: 2011/08/04
Channel: warfarecenter
Irregular Warfare: Past, Present and Future
Irregular Warfare: Past, Present and Future
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Gemini Industries Inc
Sebastian Gorka: America and Irregular Warfare
Sebastian Gorka: America and Irregular Warfare
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: WestminsterInstitute
'Hezbollah Reaches Pinnacle of Art of Irregular Warfare'
Published: 2013/01/10
Channel: Middle East Observer
What is IRREGULAR WARFARE? What does IRREGULAR WARFARE mean? IRREGULAR WARFARE meaning
What is IRREGULAR WARFARE? What does IRREGULAR WARFARE mean? IRREGULAR WARFARE meaning
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: The Audiopedia
Irregular Warfare, Hybrid Threats, and the Future Role of Ground Forces
Irregular Warfare, Hybrid Threats, and the Future Role of Ground Forces
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
Irregular Warfare...new?
Irregular Warfare...new?
Published: 2006/12/31
Channel: Wh1skeyM1ke
Focus Area Forum (Expeditionary and Irregular Warfare)
Focus Area Forum (Expeditionary and Irregular Warfare)
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: usnavyresearch
Naval Irregular Warfare
Naval Irregular Warfare
Published: 2009/04/02
Channel: PopularMilitary.com
NSS Irregular warfare
NSS Irregular warfare
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Bertrand Voutaz
IRREGULAR WARFARE Tacsim Airsoft Event
IRREGULAR WARFARE Tacsim Airsoft Event
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: MARSOC TACSIM
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Clinic Part 1
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Clinic Part 1
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: ZERT702
Irregular warfare rifle Z 832 01 15 2015
Irregular warfare rifle Z 832 01 15 2015
Published: 2015/01/18
Channel: Trinityforce13
Asymmetric Warfare: People
Asymmetric Warfare: People's Tactics & Sun Tzu's 'Art of War'
Published: 2008/12/02
Channel: Peoplestactics
"Strategy and Irregular Warfare"
"Strategy and Irregular Warfare"
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Georgetown University Center for Security Studies
Z690- Irregular Warfare.
Z690- Irregular Warfare.
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: Aj Spear
Expeditionary and irregular warfare - preparing joint forces for future missions
Expeditionary and irregular warfare - preparing joint forces for future missions
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: IDEX Defence Conferences
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Course
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Course
Published: 2012/05/19
Channel: ZERT702
Z.E.R.T. Irregular warfare patch. (Almost) 2
Z.E.R.T. Irregular warfare patch. (Almost) 2
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Shawn Thomas
Institutionalizing Irregular Warfare Capabilities
Institutionalizing Irregular Warfare Capabilities
Published: 2011/11/03
Channel: HASCRepublicans
Y21491 ZERT Irregular Warfare Pass
Y21491 ZERT Irregular Warfare Pass
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: jeetkuneric
What Is Irregular Warfare?
What Is Irregular Warfare?
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: smART X-mas
Empire: Total War - Great Britain Blitz Campaign Part 8 - Irregular Warfare
Empire: Total War - Great Britain Blitz Campaign Part 8 - Irregular Warfare
Published: 2013/12/27
Channel: LegendofTotalWar
ZERT NSS Irregular Warfare Challange Y20138
ZERT NSS Irregular Warfare Challange Y20138
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Greg Gordon
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Clinic Part 3
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Clinic Part 3
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: ZERT702
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Course
Z.E.R.T. Irregular Warfare Course
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: Vogel Boys Racing
Counterinsurgency and Irregular Warfare: Issues and Lessons Learned
Counterinsurgency and Irregular Warfare: Issues and Lessons Learned
Published: 2011/11/13
Channel: HouseResourceOrg
Z.E.R.T.  N.S.S. Irregular warfare Drill Y2948
Z.E.R.T. N.S.S. Irregular warfare Drill Y2948
Published: 2014/05/26
Channel: Half Hearted Prepper
JWC 2011 Irregular Warfare: How Do We Achieve Dominance?
JWC 2011 Irregular Warfare: How Do We Achieve Dominance?
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: Americans at War
Schwartz on Irregular Warfare part 1
Schwartz on Irregular Warfare part 1
Published: 2009/04/26
Channel: stephen trimble
Praise of Folly Podcast #28: Irregular Warfare Part 2 Guerrilla Warfare
Praise of Folly Podcast #28: Irregular Warfare Part 2 Guerrilla Warfare
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Praise of Folly
Z.E.R.T. NSS Irregular Warfare shoot "rifle"
Z.E.R.T. NSS Irregular Warfare shoot "rifle"
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: Gunfighter Resource Group
ZERT Irregular Warfare
ZERT Irregular Warfare
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Veteran Vamp
N.S.S Irregular Warfare
N.S.S Irregular Warfare
Published: 2016/04/10
Channel: Chris Leon Z13543
ZERT Y8279 Irregular Warfare NSS
ZERT Y8279 Irregular Warfare NSS
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: Dustin Henderson
PROFESSOR DR. AQAB MALIK - IRREGULAR WARFARE & STRATEGIC STABILITY IN SOUTH ASIA - NDU
PROFESSOR DR. AQAB MALIK - IRREGULAR WARFARE & STRATEGIC STABILITY IN SOUTH ASIA - NDU
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: Aqab Malik
ZERT NSS Rifle Irregular warfare
ZERT NSS Rifle Irregular warfare
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: Auflyboy
z.e.r.t. nss irregular warfare "pistol"
z.e.r.t. nss irregular warfare "pistol"
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: Gunfighter Resource Group
N.S.S. Irregular Warfare pistol drill using S&W M&ap M2.0
N.S.S. Irregular Warfare pistol drill using S&W M&ap M2.0
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Ivan Ayala
The Irregular Warfare Roadmap
The Irregular Warfare Roadmap
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Mockridge
ZERT Irregular Warfare (PASS)  RIFLE - P90 - Y273
ZERT Irregular Warfare (PASS) RIFLE - P90 - Y273' 07 June 2014 - 1st attempt
Published: 2014/06/07
Channel: Robb Laperle
NSS Irregular Warfare Drill - Ryan
NSS Irregular Warfare Drill - Ryan
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Justin Moody
Mike Still Irregular warfare shoot 02072015
Mike Still Irregular warfare shoot 02072015
Published: 2015/02/08
Channel: charles Meier
Z4740 Irregular Warfare NSS
Z4740 Irregular Warfare NSS
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: usmcdakotadams
NSS IRREGULAR WARFARE SHOOT 12092014
NSS IRREGULAR WARFARE SHOOT 12092014
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Trinityforce13
Y1954 NSS Qualification with Irregular Warfare also
Y1954 NSS Qualification with Irregular Warfare also
Published: 2014/05/31
Channel: Eric Lewis
ZERT N.S.S. Irregular Warfare - Z13263 First Attempt
ZERT N.S.S. Irregular Warfare - Z13263 First Attempt
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Nick A.
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Zert-irregular warfare
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: LeopardLFD14
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Irregular warfare is defined in US joint doctrine as “A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations.”[1]

Irregular warfare favors indirect and asymmetric warfare approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities, in order to erode the adversary’s power, influence, and will. It is inherently a protracted struggle that will test the resolve of a state and its strategic partners.[2][3][4][5][6] Concepts associated with irregular warfare are older than the term itself.[7][8]

History[edit]

Origination of the term[edit]

The distinction between regular and irregular forces is unrelated to the term "irregular warfare." The term irregular warfare was settled upon in distinction from "traditional warfare" and to differentiate it from "unconventional warfare."

Early use[edit]

One of the earliest known uses of the term irregular warfare is in the 1986 English edition of "Modern Irregular Warfare in Defense Policy and as a Military Phenomenon" by Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte. The original 1972 German edition of the book is titled "Der Moderne Kleinkrieg als Wehrpolitisches und Militarisches Phänomen". The German word "Kleinkrieg" is literally translated as "Small War".[9] The word "Irregular", used in the title of the English translation of the book, seems to be a reference non "regular armed forces" as per the aforementioned Third Geneva Convention.

US DoD use[edit]

One of the earliest known uses of the term IW is in a 1996 Central Intelligence Agency document by Jeffrey B. White.[10] Major military doctrine developments related to IW were done between 2004 and 2007[11] as a result of the September 11 attacks on the United States.[12][13] A key proponent of IW within US DoD is Michael G. Vickers, a former paramilitary officer in the CIA.[14]

US CIA use[edit]

The CIA's Special Activities Division (SAD) is the premiere unit for unconventional warfare, both for creating and for combating irregular warfare units.[15][16][17] For example, SAD paramilitary officers created and led successful irregular units from the Hmong tribe during the war in Laos in the 1960s[18] from the Northern Alliance against the Taliban during the war in Afghanistan in 2001[19] and from the Kurdish Peshmerga against Ansar al-Islam and the forces of Saddam Hussein during the war in Iraq in 2003.[20][21]

Activities[edit]

Activities and types of conflict included in IW are:

According to the DoD, there are five core activities of IW: [22]

Irregular Warfare Conflicts[edit]

Nearly all modern wars include at least some element of irregular warfare. In fact, since the time of Napoleon, approximately 80% of conflict has been irregular in nature.[23] However, some conflicts may be considered to have exemplified by irregular warfare are:[24][7][10]

While sometimes portrayed as an "irregular war" the American Revolutionary War was in fact fought by regular forces using irregular methods for most of its duration.[25]

Wargames and exercises[edit]

There have been several military wargames and military exercises associated with IW, including:

  • Unified Action [22]
  • Unified Quest [23]
  • January 2010 Tri-Service Maritime Workshop,[26]
  • Joint Irregular Warrior Series war games,[26]
  • Expeditionary Warrior war game series,[26] and
  • a December 2011 Naval War College Maritime Stability Operations Game focused specifically on stability operations in the maritime domain conducted by the Naval Service.[26] 

Modeling and simulation[edit]

As a result of DoD Directive 3000.07,[4] United States armed forces are studying[when?] irregular warfare concepts using modeling and simulation.[27][28][29]

Other definitions[edit]

  • IW is a form of warfare that has as its objective the credibility and/or legitimacy of the relevant political authority with the goal of undermining or supporting that authority. IW favors indirect approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities to seek asymmetric approaches, in order to erode an adversary’s power, influence, and will.[30]
  • IW is defined as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant population(s)
  • IW involves conflicts in which enemy combatants are not regular military forces of nation-states.[31]
  • IW is "war among the people" as opposed to "industrial war" (i.e. regular war).[32]

See also[edit]

Individuals:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to the definition of "regular forces", which came much after the American Revolutionary War (ARW), the American forces did not meet the following criteria at all times during the ARW:
    • having a fixed distinctive emblem recognizable at a distance
    • carrying arms openly
    • conducting operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war

    Notwithstanding, in terms of modern international humanitarian law which was also developed much later than the ARW, the American forces formed part of the armed forces of a party to an armed conflict but not belonging to that party's regular forces (since the United States of America did not exist and hence could not have had regular forces; the American forces were an insurgency at least until 1776) and operating in or outside of their own territory even if the territory is under occupation. American forces did become regular forces but cannot be considered regular forces during the entire period of the ARW. For example, the American flag got established (1777) 2 years after the ARW started (1775). Also, there were great disparities between the American and British forces. It was not until France started to assist American forces (1778) that the disparity started to be narrowed. Conflict during the disparity surely counts as Asymmetric warfare. Also, the Boston Tea Party (1773) can be viewed as guerrilla tactics. At the very least, a good portion of the ARW should be counted as IW although the entire ARW being counted as IW is controversial. However, since more than 1/2 of the ARW was fought as ARW then it is thought that it is safe to classify it as IW even though that the American forces acted in all respects as regular forces towards the end of the conflict.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Irregular Warrior, 4 October 2015 [ http://irregularwarrior.com/2015/10]
  2. ^ "Irregular Warfare (IW) Joint Operating Concept (JOC)", Version 1.0, United States Department of Defense, 27 February 2009 [1]
  3. ^ "US Irregular Warfare (IW) Analysis Workshop", Military Operations Research Society (MORS), 11 September 2007 [2]
  4. ^ a b "Irregular Warfare (IW)", DoD Directive 3000.07, United States Department of Defense, 1 December 2008 [3]
  5. ^ "Quadrennial Roles & Missions (QRM) Review Report", United States Department of Defense, January 2009 [4]
  6. ^ "Irregular Warfare", Doctrine Document 2-3, United States Air Force, 1 August 2007 [5]
  7. ^ a b Gates, John M., "The U.S. Army and Irregular Warfare", The College of Wooster [6]
  8. ^ Von der Heydte, Friedrich August Freiherr, "Modern Irregular Warfare in Defense Policy and as a Military Phenomenon", ISBN 0-933488-49-1, 1986 [7]
  9. ^ Moses, A. Dirk, "German intellectuals and the Nazi past," ISBN 978-0-521-86495-4, 2007 [8]
  10. ^ a b White, Jeffrey B., "A Different Kind of Threat, Some Thoughts on Irregular Warfare", CIA, 1996 [9]
  11. ^ "The National Military Strategy of the United States of America", United States Department of Defense, 2004 [10]
  12. ^ Miller, LTC Frank A., "Irregular Warfare – Perhaps Not So "Irregular"", U.S. Army War College, 15 March 2006 [11]
  13. ^ "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America", National Security Council, 2002 [12]
  14. ^ Grant, Greg, "The Man Behind Irregular Warfare Push: Mike Vickers", DoD BUZZ, 7 April 2009 [13]
  15. ^ Southworth, Samuel A., Tanner, Stephen, U.S. Special Forces: A Guide to America's Special Operations Units: the World's Most Elite Fighting Force, Da Capo Press, ISBN 0-306-81165-0, 2002
  16. ^ Waller, Douglas, "The CIA Secret Army", Time Inc., 3 February 2003
  17. ^ Stone, Kathryn & Williams, Anthony R., All Necessary Means: Employing CIA operatives in a Warfighting Role Alongside Special Operations Forces, United States Army War College (USAWC), 7 April 2003
  18. ^ Shooting at the Moon: The Story of America's Clandestine War in Laos, Steerforth Press, ISBN 978-1-883642-36-5, 1996
  19. ^ Woodward, Bob, Bush at War, Simon and Schuster, ISBN 0-7432-0473-5, 19 November 2002
  20. ^ Tucker, Mike & Faddis, Charles, Operation Hotel California: The Clandestine War inside Iraq, The Lyons Press, ISBN 978-1-59921-366-8, 2008
  21. ^ Woodward, Bob, Plan of Attack, Simon and Schuster, ISBN 978-0-7432-5547-9, 2004
  22. ^ The Core Activities of Irregular Warfare, The Irregular Warrior, [14]
  23. ^ The Imperitive: Irregular Warfare and the Future of Security, The Irregular Warrior, [15]
  24. ^ The Imperitive: Irregular Warfare and the Future of Security, The Irregular Warrior, [16]
  25. ^ Marston, Daniel (2002). The American Revolution 1774-1783. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-343-9. 
  26. ^ a b c d "Maritime Stability Operations - PDF". docplayer.net. Retrieved 2017-09-07. 
  27. ^ "U. S. Army Enhancement of Irregular Warfare Modeling & Simulation", United States Army Modeling and Simulation Office, 24 February 2009 [17]
  28. ^ "MORS Workshop Irregular Warfare (IW) II Analysis Workshop", Military Operations Research Society, 3–6 February 2009 [18]
  29. ^ Cragg, Lt. Jennifer, "Behavior Studies May Improve Irregular Warfare Techniques", American Forces Press Service, 20 April 2009 [19]
  30. ^ "Irregular Warfare Special Study", United States Joint Forces Command Joint Warfighting Center, 4 August 2006 [20]
  31. ^ "Quadrennial Defense Review Report", United States Department of Defense, 6 February 2006 [21]
  32. ^ Benest, David, "British Leaders and Irregular Warfare," 29 August 2007

External links[edit]

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