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Top 10 Smallest Countries in The World
Top 10 Smallest Countries in The World
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Elite Facts
8 Most Beautiful Island Countries in the World
8 Most Beautiful Island Countries in the World
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: Auto Girl
10 Smallest Countries In The World
10 Smallest Countries In The World
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Factnomenal
CYPRUS: an island country with rich cultural history [HD]
CYPRUS: an island country with rich cultural history [HD]
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: Stuart's travel videos
EXPLORING ISLAND COUNTRY | Toronto Island
EXPLORING ISLAND COUNTRY | Toronto Island
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: EMIN the LEMON
Arriving at the port of Bassetette in the two island country of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Arriving at the port of Bassetette in the two island country of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: RyanReporting
5 Islands That Are Going To Disappear!
5 Islands That Are Going To Disappear!
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: Seeker
Top 10 Island Countries You Should Visit
Top 10 Island Countries You Should Visit
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: allTop Ten
How To Start Your Own Country
How To Start Your Own Country
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: NowThis
The Cook Islands: beautiful country... or no country?
The Cook Islands: beautiful country... or no country?
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: Streets of the World
Texas Island Country
Texas Island Country
Published: 2012/08/08
Channel: Ray Garcia
Why 80% Of This Island Nation Is Fat
Why 80% Of This Island Nation Is Fat
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: NowThis
THE ISLAND - Séverine Fillion
THE ISLAND - Séverine Fillion
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Séverine Fillion
Top 10 Largest Island Countries In The World
Top 10 Largest Island Countries In The World
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: allTop Ten
Top Tourist Attractions of Christmas Island - Island Country
Top Tourist Attractions of Christmas Island - Island Country
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
Island Nations
Island Nations
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: KhAnubis Productions
THE ISLAND - Spirit of Country Day à Brion (49)
THE ISLAND - Spirit of Country Day à Brion (49)
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Séverine Fillion
Mauritius Island, Country in Africa - Best Travel Destination
Mauritius Island, Country in Africa - Best Travel Destination
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: Best Travel Destination
TOP 10 countries with the most islands
TOP 10 countries with the most islands
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Madmachine
Top 10 Caribbean Island Countries
Top 10 Caribbean Island Countries
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: Ginja Boy
Island COUNTRY!
Island COUNTRY!
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Islandfcu
Top ten smallest island countries
Top ten smallest island countries
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: MapsofWorld
Jobs for People in Pacific Island Countries
Jobs for People in Pacific Island Countries
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: World Bank
Top 5 Most Beautiful Island Countries in the World
Top 5 Most Beautiful Island Countries in the World
Published: 2014/10/28
Channel: VideoBlogger ™
What Countries have the most islands?
What Countries have the most islands?
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: mrgeocjhs
Fiji Islands Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions
Fiji Islands Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions
Published: 2013/09/24
Channel: BookingHunterTV
Sri Lanka Destination | Island Country in South Asia
Sri Lanka Destination | Island Country in South Asia
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: GoPlaces Srilanka
TOKELAU  ISLAND COUNTRY
TOKELAU ISLAND COUNTRY
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: R KUMAR
Top 10 Largest Island Countries
Top 10 Largest Island Countries
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: MapsofWorld
Beautiful Island Countries in the World
Beautiful Island Countries in the World
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: NewsChannel
How to Make a Country Kitchen Island
How to Make a Country Kitchen Island
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: AllensWoodworking
Top 10 Cities and Towns of Palau - Island Country
Top 10 Cities and Towns of Palau - Island Country
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
Amazing Island Country Jamaica
Amazing Island Country Jamaica
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Amazing Countries
Top 10 Cities of Niue - Island Country
Top 10 Cities of Niue - Island Country
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
THE ISLAND   Séverine Fillion à Bouranton (10) chez les STILL COUNTRY
THE ISLAND Séverine Fillion à Bouranton (10) chez les STILL COUNTRY
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Séverine Fillion
Pacific Island Countries - Tonga Accomodation
Pacific Island Countries - Tonga Accomodation
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: ranjan vaidya
Big Island Country Club Golf Hawaii Tee Times
Big Island Country Club Golf Hawaii Tee Times
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: Hawaii Tee Times
Seychelles country,  Mahe island Africa
Seychelles country, Mahe island Africa
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Hardik Rathod
Island Country Band. Tiraholm 2015
Island Country Band. Tiraholm 2015
Published: 2016/01/17
Channel: Anton Johansson
Country Kitchen Islands
Country Kitchen Islands
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Maarika
Top Towns and Beaches in Cook Islands - Island Country
Top Towns and Beaches in Cook Islands - Island Country
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
Green Island Country Club - Columbus, Georgia - An Aerial View
Green Island Country Club - Columbus, Georgia - An Aerial View
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: Jim Gates
Rick Calton at Island Country Club Goes Green with reBounces
Rick Calton at Island Country Club Goes Green with reBounces
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: Bill Dirst
Island Country Club - Golf Course Renovation Concepts
Island Country Club - Golf Course Renovation Concepts
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Island Country Club
The paradise of Fiji
The paradise of Fiji
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Travel Right Way
Big Island Country Club TV Spot
Big Island Country Club TV Spot
Published: 2009/11/02
Channel: BigIslandCountryClub
More Blythe Island Country Club fun 1
More Blythe Island Country Club fun 1
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Serendipity20837
12-21-12 WEDDING AT THE ISLAND COUNTRY CLUB, MARCO ISLAND WITH DJ/EVENT HOST DOMINICK FROM MSE
12-21-12 WEDDING AT THE ISLAND COUNTRY CLUB, MARCO ISLAND WITH DJ/EVENT HOST DOMINICK FROM MSE
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: mseprodj
Top 10 Popular Destinations in Norfolk Island - Island Country
Top 10 Popular Destinations in Norfolk Island - Island Country
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
Valentine
Valentine's Day at Deer Island Country Club
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Mark Hall Riding and Flying
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Sovereign states and states with limited recognition fully on islands (Australia is regarded a continent): those with land borders shaded green, and those without shaded dark blue

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands. As of 2011, 46 (approximately 24%[1]) of the 193 UN member states are island countries.

Politics[edit]

The percentage of island countries that are democratic is higher than that of continental countries. Historically they have been more prone to political stability than their continental counterparts.[1]

War[edit]

Island countries have often been the basis of maritime conquest and historical rivalry between other countries.[2] Island countries are more susceptible to attack by large, continental countries due to their size and dependence on sea and air lines of communication.[3] Many island countries are also vulnerable to predation by mercenaries and other foreign invaders,[4] although their isolation also makes them a difficult target.

Natural resources[edit]

Many island countries rely heavily on fish for their main supply of food.[5] Some are turning to renewable energy—such as wind power, hydropower, geothermal power and biodiesel from copra oil—to combat the rise in oil prices.[6]

Geography[edit]

Some island countries are more affected than other countries by climate change, which produces problems such as reduced land use, water scarcity and sometimes even resettlement issues. Some low-lying island countries are slowly being submerged by the rising water levels of the Pacific Ocean.[7] Climate change also impacts island countries by causing natural disasters such as tropical cyclones, hurricanes, flash floods and drought.[8] In 2011, the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) held a conference attended by 272 registrants from 39 island nations titled Legal Issues for Threatened Island Nations.[9]

Economics[edit]

Many island countries rely heavily on imports and are greatly affected by changes in the global economy.[10] The economies of (small) island countries are usually smaller and more vulnerable to shipping costs, environmental damage to infrastructure, and isolation from other economies than those of larger, continental countries; exceptions include Japan and the United Kingdom.[11][12][13] The dominant industry for many island countries is tourism.[14]

Composition[edit]

Island countries are typically small with low populations, although some, like Indonesia and Japan are notable exceptions.[15]

Some island countries are centred on one or two major islands, such as the United Kingdom, Trinidad and Tobago, New Zealand, Cuba, Bahrain, Singapore, Iceland, Malta, and Taiwan. Others are spread out over hundreds or thousands of smaller islands, such as Indonesia, the Philippines, The Bahamas, Seychelles, and the Maldives. Some island countries share one or more of their islands with other countries, such as the United Kingdom and Ireland; Haiti and the Dominican Republic; and Indonesia, which shares islands with Papua New Guinea, Brunei, East Timor, and Malaysia.

Geographically, the country of Australia is considered a continental landmass rather than an island, covering the largest landmass of the Australian continent. In the past, however, it was considered an island country for tourism purposes[16] (among others) and is sometimes referred to as such.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ott, Dan (1996). Small is Democratic. Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 0-8153-3910-0. 
  2. ^ Chasle, Raymond (1 Oct 1986). "The quest for identity. (island countries)". UNESCO Courier. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  3. ^ Perry, Walt L.; Robert W. Button; Jerome Bracken; Thomas Sullivan; Rand Corporation; United States Navy; Jonathan Mitchell (2002). Measures of Effectiveness for the Information-age Navy. Rand Corporation. p. 7. ISBN 0-8330-3139-2. 
  4. ^ WREN, CHRISTOPHER S. (December 9, 1989). "Mercenary Holding Island Nation Seeks Deal". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  5. ^ "OTTAWA: REPORT ISSUES WARNING ABOUT FUTURE OF CORAL FISHERIES". Radio Canada International. 2007-04-21. Retrieved 2009-02-01. [dead link]
  6. ^ Xingwei, Huang (2008-10-17). "Pacific Islands countries switch to renewable energy source due to increasing fuel prices". Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  7. ^ "Leader of disappearing island nation says climate change an issue of survival, not economics". June 5, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  8. ^ "FAO: Climate change threatens food security of Pacific island countries". December 2, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  9. ^ http://www.earth.columbia.edu/articles/view/2826
  10. ^ "Global economic crisis a concern for Pacific island countries". 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  11. ^ "WTO/FORSEC Trade Policy Course for Pacific island countries". 9 March 2001. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  12. ^ "NZ calls for global solutions to problems faced by small island nations". 2005-01-18. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  13. ^ Garg, Sarika. "U.N. ambassador gives keynote". Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  14. ^ "China enlists Pacific island countries as tourist destinations, XINHUA.". The America's Intelligence Wire. 10 August 2004. Retrieved 1 February 2009. 
  15. ^ "Wen pledges new aid to Pacific countries". International Herald Tribune. April 5, 2006. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
  16. ^ "Australian Naval Defence". The Brisbane Courier. 24 July 1897. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  17. ^ "China, Pacific island countries discuss cooperation at forum meeting". Retrieved 2009-02-01. 

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