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Learning a Language from Home (Video in Italian & English)
Learning a Language from Home (Video in Italian & English)
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: Weilà Tom
35 Accents in the English Language
35 Accents in the English Language
Published: 2010/11/13
Channel: soundlyawake [Nicola Foti]
How an Italian American from the Bronx speaks Italian - Come parla una Italiana-americana l
How an Italian American from the Bronx speaks Italian - Come parla una Italiana-americana l'italiano
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: Christopher Tushaj
Being Italian in America
Being Italian in America
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: Capistrano Global Advisory Services
ITALIANS TRY ITALIAN AMERICAN FOOD FOR THE FIRST TIME | Must Watch
ITALIANS TRY ITALIAN AMERICAN FOOD FOR THE FIRST TIME | Must Watch
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Vincenzos Plate
Italian culture vs American culture (interesting)
Italian culture vs American culture (interesting)
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: Prepare to Serve!
MY FAVORITE US AND ITALIAN DISHES (⊙ヮ⊙)
MY FAVORITE US AND ITALIAN DISHES (⊙ヮ⊙)
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: RoxyRocksTV
i prezzi dei cibi italiani in America / Prices of Italian foods in the US
i prezzi dei cibi italiani in America / Prices of Italian foods in the US
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Weilà Tom
Learn Italian Ep.27 - How To Become Conversational in Italian
Learn Italian Ep.27 - How To Become Conversational in Italian
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: Weilà Tom
The Italian Cultural Institute of New York
The Italian Cultural Institute of New York
Published: 2012/12/24
Channel: iitaly
Italian men in America
Italian men in America
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Qassim Awadh
Glenna Allison - Italian Speaking - USA Pavilion
Glenna Allison - Italian Speaking - USA Pavilion
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Glenna Allison
Italian "I
Italian "I'm From the United States"
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Language Guy®
ICoN AP® Italian Language and Culture online
ICoN AP® Italian Language and Culture online
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: ConsorzioICoN
"The Italian Slang Word of the Day!" is PISCADE
"The Italian Slang Word of the Day!" is PISCADE
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MESTOLA!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MESTOLA!
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD'
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is UNGOTZUNGOOL
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is UNGOTZUNGOOL
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Michael Brown USA Student Ambassador Language Video Italian
Michael Brown USA Student Ambassador Language Video Italian
Published: 2014/10/14
Channel: Michael Brown
American recipe in Italian
American recipe in Italian
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Paulina Tadeo
Josie says, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MUSCIAD
Josie says, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MUSCIAD
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STRUPIAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STRUPIAD
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: Stevie B Slang
American Cars vs Italian Cars
American Cars vs Italian Cars
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: cars News
"The Italian American Slang word of the Day!" presents JOKE WEEK!
"The Italian American Slang word of the Day!" presents JOKE WEEK!
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Inside an New Jersey Italian Heritage Club
Inside an New Jersey Italian Heritage Club
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: New Jersey 101.5
McCoy
McCoy's Irish Italian German American Baby Granddaughter
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: michaelpiatnekmccoy
"The Italian Amerian Slang Word of the Day!" is CHIN DON with Stevie B
"The Italian Amerian Slang Word of the Day!" is CHIN DON with Stevie B
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Stevie B Slang
The Italian American Word of the Day - SCORCHAMEND
The Italian American Word of the Day - SCORCHAMEND'
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Stevie B Slang
McCoy
McCoy's Irish Italian German American Baby Granddaughter
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: michaelpiatnekmccoy
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SHEM
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SHEM
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SETTIMO CIELO
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SETTIMO CIELO
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Italian Girl Tastes American Snacks! Part 2!
Italian Girl Tastes American Snacks! Part 2!
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: Emma's Goodies
Gina Haugen Student Ambassador USA Pavilion Italian Language
Gina Haugen Student Ambassador USA Pavilion Italian Language
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Gina Haugen
Italian Tutor - Preply
Italian Tutor - Preply
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Veronica Ghisoni
The Italian slang word of the .
The Italian slang word of the .
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: chris cupo
"The Italian American Slang World of the Day!" with Stevie B is VECCHIARELLA
"The Italian American Slang World of the Day!" with Stevie B is VECCHIARELLA
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - MAMMA MIA
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - MAMMA MIA
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - STUNAD
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - STUNAD
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - LASCIALUI
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - LASCIALUI
Published: 2014/09/04
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - ANGORA
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - ANGORA
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - MAMMADEL
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - MAMMADEL
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SORDA*
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SORDA*
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Stevie B Slang
USA Pavilion Student Ambassador Language Video: Italian
USA Pavilion Student Ambassador Language Video: Italian
Published: 2014/10/11
Channel: Lindsay Levine
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STATAZIT*
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STATAZIT*
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: Stevie B Slang
LIFE IN TEXAS (VS. ITALY-ISH) | LA VITA IN TEXAS [ENG CC]
LIFE IN TEXAS (VS. ITALY-ISH) | LA VITA IN TEXAS [ENG CC]
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: NaturallyKenya
StudentAmbassador-Language Video (Italian)
StudentAmbassador-Language Video (Italian)
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Francisca Figueroa
"The Italian Slang Word of the Day" with Stevie B - Mille Grazie
"The Italian Slang Word of the Day" with Stevie B - Mille Grazie
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B is FIGURATI
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B is FIGURATI
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MALA FAGUDA!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MALA FAGUDA!
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - ABBUFFAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - ABBUFFAD
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: Stevie B Slang
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Italian speakers in the US
Year
Speakers
1910a
1,365,110
1920a
1,624,998
1930a
1,808,289
1940[1]
3,755,820
1960a
1,277,585
1970a
1,025,994
1980[2]
1,618,344
1990[3]
1,308,648
2000[4]
1,008,370
2010[5]
807,010
^a Foreign-born population only[6]

The Italian language has been a widely spoken language in the United States of America for more than one hundred years, due to large-scale immigration beginning in the late 19th century. Today it is the eighth most spoken language in the country.

History[edit]

In Little Italy, Chicago, some Italian language signage is visible (e.g. Banca Italiana)

The first Italian Americans began to immigrate en masse began around 1880. The first Italian immigrants, mainly from Sicily and other parts of Southern Italy, were largely men, and many planned to return to the Italy after making money in the US, so the speaker population of Italian was not always constant or continuous. Between 1890 and 1900, 655,888 Italians went to the United States, and more than 2 million between 1900 and 1910, though around 40% of these eventually returned to Italy. All told, between 1820 and 1978, some 5.3 million Italians went to the United States. Like many ethnic groups, such as the Germans in Little Germany, French Canadians in Little Canadas, and Chinese in Chinatowns, who emigrated to the Americas, the Italians often lived in ethnic enclaves, often known as Little Italies, especially in New York City, St. Louis, Chicago, Boston, and Philadelphia, and continued to speak their original languages.

During World War II[edit]

This poster discourages the use of Italian, German, and Japanese.

During World War Two, use of Italian languages in the U.S. was discouraged. In addition, many Italian Americans were interned,[7] property was confiscated,[7] and Italian-language periodicals were closed[citation needed].

The language today[edit]

Current distribution of the Italian language in the United States.
Italian speakers by states in 2000[8]
State Italian speakers  % of all Italian speakers
New York
294,271
29%
New Jersey
116,365
12%
California
84,190
8%
Pennsylvania
70,434
7%
Florida
67,257
6%
Massachusetts
59,811
6%
Illinois
51,975
5%
Connecticut
50,891
5%

Today, though 15,638,348 American citizens report themselves as Italian Americans, only 1,008,371 of these report speaking an Italian language at home (0.384% of the national population). But Italian is the 3rd foreign language spoken at home in US and it represents the 2nd largest ethnic market in the US behind only the Hispanic market.[9] Cities with Italian and Sicilian speaking communities include Buffalo, Chicago, Miami, New York City, Philadelphia, and St. Louis. Assimilation has played a large role in the decreasing number of Italian speakers today. Of those who speak Italian at home in the United States, 361,245 are over the age of 65, and only 68,030 are below the age of 17.

Despite it being the fifth most studied language in higher education (college & graduate) settings throughout America,[10] the Italian language has struggled to maintain being an AP course of study in high schools nationwide. AP Italian exams were not introduced until 2006, and they were dropped soon afterward, in 2009.[11] The organization which manages these exams, the College Board, ended the AP Italian program because it was "losing money" and had failed to add 5,000 new students each year. After the program's termination in the spring of 2009, various Italian organizations and activists organized to revive the course of study. Organizations such as the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) and Order Sons of Italy in America conducted fundraising campaigns, to aid in the monetary responsibility any new AP Italian program would bring with it. The AP Italian exam was then reintroduced, with the first new tests administered in 2012.[12]

Moreover, web-based Italian organizations, such as ItalianAware, have begun book donation campaigns to improve the status and representation of Italian language and Italian/ Italian American literature in New York Public Libraries. According to ItalianAware, the Brooklyn Public Library is the worst offender in New York City.[13] It has 11 books pertaining to the Italian language and immigrant experience available for checkout spread across 60 branches. That amounts to 1 book for every 6 branches in Brooklyn, which (according to ItalianAware) cannot supply the large Italian/Italian American community in Brooklyn, New York. ItalianAware aims to donate 100 various books on the Italian/ Italian American experience, written in Italian or English, to the Brooklyn Public Library by the end of 2010.

Forms of Italian[edit]

Early waves of Italian American immigrants typically did not speak the form of Italian which originated from the Tuscan language, or spoke it as a second language acquired in school. Instead they typically spoke other Italo-Romance languages, particularly from Southern Italy, such as Sicilian language and Neapolitan language. Both of these languages have wide variety of dialects within them, including Salentino, Calabrese, etc. Additionally many villages may have spoken other non Italo-Romance minority languages such as Griko or the Arbëresh language. Today, the Italian language, which is most similar to the Tuscan (although not the same), is widely taught in Italian schools. Although many other minority languages have official status in Italy neither Sicilian language nor Neapolitan language are recognised by the Italian Republic. Although Italy is a signatory to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages it has not ratified the treaty. Thus limiting Italy's responsibility in the preservation of regional languages that it has not chosen to protect by domestic law.

Media[edit]

Although the Italian language is much less used today than it has been previously, there are still several Italian-only media outlets, among which are the St. Louis newspaper Il Pensiero and the New Jersey daily paper America Oggi and ICN Radio.

Il Progresso Italo Americano was edited by Carlo Barsotti (1850–1927).[14]

Arba Sicula (Sicilian Dawn) is a semiannual publication of the society of the same name, dedicated to preserving the Sicilian language. The magazine and a periodic newsletter offer prose, poetry and comment in Sicilian, with adjacent English translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mother Tongue By Nativity, Parentage, County of Origin, and Age, for States and Large Cities" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Appendix Table 2. Languages Spoken at Home: 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Detailed Language Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for Persons 5 Years and Over --50 Languages with Greatest Number of Speakers: United States 1990". United States Census Bureau. 1990. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Language Spoken at Home: 2000". United States Bureau of the Census. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Detailed Languages Spoken at Home 2006-2008". 
  6. ^ "Mother Tongue of the Foreign-Born Population: 1910 to 1940, 1960, and 1970". United States Census Bureau. March 9, 1999. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b [1] Archived July 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ {{cite web
     | url        = https://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/phc-t20/tab05.pdf
     | title      = Table 5.Detailed List of Languages Spoken at Home for the Population 5 Years and Over by State: 2000
     | date       = February 25, 2003
     | publisher  = United States Census Bureau
     | accessdate = October 3, 2012
     }}
    
  9. ^ "Newsletter". Netcapricorn.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  10. ^ "Languages Spoken and Learned in the United States". Vistawide.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  11. ^ Pilon, Mary (2010-05-10). "Italian Job: Resurrect the AP Exam". The Wall Street Journal. 
  12. ^ Lewin, Tamar (10 November 2010). "Italian Studies Regains Spot on the List of AP Courses". New York Times. Retrieved 2 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Literature Donations". Italianaware.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  14. ^ "Verdi Monument - Historical Sign". Nycgovparks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 

Further reading[edit]

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