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35 Accents in the English Language
35 Accents in the English Language
Published: 2010/11/13
Channel: soundlyawake [Nicola Foti]
CT has highest Italian population
CT has highest Italian population
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: WTNH News8
AMERICAN (tries) SPEAKING ITALIAN
AMERICAN (tries) SPEAKING ITALIAN
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: notsera
i prezzi dei cibi italiani in America / Prices of Italian foods in the US
i prezzi dei cibi italiani in America / Prices of Italian foods in the US
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Weilà Tom
How an Italian American from the Bronx speaks Italian - Come parla una Italiana-americana l
How an Italian American from the Bronx speaks Italian - Come parla una Italiana-americana l'italiano
Published: 2013/06/28
Channel: Christopher Tushaj
US SCHOOL SYSTEM VS ITALIAN SCHOOL SYSTEM ✏️
US SCHOOL SYSTEM VS ITALIAN SCHOOL SYSTEM ✏️
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: RoxyRocksTV
Italian men in America
Italian men in America
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Qassim Awadh
Glenna Allison - Italian Speaking - USA Pavilion
Glenna Allison - Italian Speaking - USA Pavilion
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Glenna Allison
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - OOGATZ
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - OOGATZ
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: Stevie B Slang
The Italian Cultural Institute of New York
The Italian Cultural Institute of New York
Published: 2012/12/24
Channel: iitaly
American Cars vs Italian Cars
American Cars vs Italian Cars
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: cars News
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is CAZZATA
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is CAZZATA
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MAMONE
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MAMONE
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD'
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STUFAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STUFAD
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD'
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with is GOOMBAH!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with is GOOMBAH!
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is KOOKALAMANZA
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is KOOKALAMANZA
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Gina Haugen Student Ambassador USA Pavilion Italian Language
Gina Haugen Student Ambassador USA Pavilion Italian Language
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Gina Haugen
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!"  JOKE WEEK!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" JOKE WEEK!
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STRUPIAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STRUPIAD
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is FACCIA DI KATZO!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is FACCIA DI KATZO!
Published: 2015/08/02
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STATAZIT*
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STATAZIT*
Published: 2015/10/16
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Italian Language video (Film Italiano)
Italian Language video (Film Italiano)
Published: 2014/10/14
Channel: Holden Chadwick
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is AUITO MI JESU
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is AUITO MI JESU
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MAMA MIA
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MAMA MIA
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SHANGAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SHANGAD'
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD'
Published: 2016/07/17
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MALA FAGUDA!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MALA FAGUDA!
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCHAROLE
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCHAROLE
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Italian Girls on American Guys
Italian Girls on American Guys
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Steven Neal
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - GIAMBOTT’
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B - GIAMBOTT’
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - STREGA
Stevie B presents, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" - STREGA
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B is SAPUTO
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B is SAPUTO
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian Amerian Slang Word of the Day!" is CHIN DON with Stevie B
"The Italian Amerian Slang Word of the Day!" is CHIN DON with Stevie B
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MUNDEENS
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MUNDEENS
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B is CAMURRIA
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" with Stevie B is CAMURRIA
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Joe Basile Presents, Stevie B
Joe Basile Presents, Stevie B's, "The Italian Slang Word of the Day!" - COGLIONES
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Joe Basile Presents, Stevie B
Joe Basile Presents, Stevie B's, "The Italian Slang Word of the Day!" - Cahacron
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCHOOMBARI!
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCHOOMBARI!
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SHANGAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SHANGAD'
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Josie says, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is OOBATZ
Josie says, "The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is OOBATZ
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STANNA MABAYCH
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is STANNA MABAYCH
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SORDA*
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SORDA*
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MENSA HALF
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is MENSA HALF
Published: 2016/05/17
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD'
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: Stevie B Slang
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is SCUSTUMAD'
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Molly E. Liss - Italian Language Skills Video
Molly E. Liss - Italian Language Skills Video
Published: 2014/10/13
Channel: Molly Liss
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is CASADEEL
"The Italian American Slang Word of the Day!" is CASADEEL
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Stevie B Slang
Where Does The Italian Language Come From?
Where Does The Italian Language Come From?
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Til Til
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Italian speakers in the US
Year
Speakers
1910a
1,365,110
1920a
1,624,998
1930a
1,808,289
1940a
1,561,100
1960a
1,277,585
1970a
1,025,994
1980[1]
1,618,344
1990[2]
1,308,648
2000[3]
1,008,370
2010[4]
807,010
^a Foreign-born population only[5]

The Italian language has been a widely spoken language in the United States of America for more than one hundred years, due to large-scale immigration beginning in the late 19th century. Today it is the eighth most spoken language in the country.

History[edit]

In Little Italy, Chicago, some Italian language signage is visible (e.g. Banca Italiana)

The first Italian Americans began to immigrate en masse began around 1880. The first Italian immigrants, mainly from Sicily and other parts of Southern Italy, were largely men, and many planned to return to the Italy after making money in the US, so the speaker population of Italian was not always constant or continuous. Between 1890 and 1900, 655,888 Italians went to the United States, and more than 2 million between 1900 and 1910, though around 40% of these eventually returned to Italy. All told, between 1820 and 1978, some 5.3 million Italians went to the United States. Like many ethnic groups, such as the Germans in Little Germany, French Canadians in Little Canadas, and Chinese in Chinatowns, who emigrated to the Americas, the Italians often lived in ethnic enclaves, often known as Little Italies, especially in New York City, St. Louis, Chicago, Boston, and Philadelphia, and continued to speak their original languages.

During World War II[edit]

This poster discourages the use of Italian, German, and Japanese.

During World War Two, use of Italian languages in the U.S. was discouraged. In addition, many Italian-Americans were interned,[6] property was confiscated,[6] and Italian-language periodicals were closed[citation needed].

The language today[edit]

Current distribution of the Italian language in the United States.
Italian speakers by states in 2000[7]
State Italian speakers  % of all Italian speakers
New York
294,271
29%
New Jersey
116,365
12%
California
84,190
8%
Pennsylvania
70,434
7%
Florida
67,257
6%
Massachusetts
59,811
6%
Illinois
51,975
5%
Connecticut
50,891
5%

Today, though 15,638,348 American citizens report themselves as Italian Americans, only 1,008,371 of these report speaking an Italian language at home (0.384% of the national population). But Italian is the 3rd foreign language spoken at home in US and it represents the 2nd largest ethnic market in the US behind only the Hispanic market.[8] Cities with Italian and Sicilian speaking communities include Buffalo, Chicago, Miami, New York City, Philadelphia, and St. Louis. Assimilation has played a large role in the decreasing number of Italian speakers today. Of those who speak Italian at home in the United States, 361,245 are over the age of 65, and only 68,030 are below the age of 17.

Despite it being the fifth most studied language in higher education (college & graduate) settings throughout America,[9] the Italian language has struggled to maintain being an AP course of study in high schools nationwide. AP Italian exams were not introduced until 2006, and they were dropped soon afterward, in 2009.[10] The organization which manages these exams, the College Board, ended the AP Italian program because it was "losing money" and had failed to add 5,000 new students each year. After the program's termination in the spring of 2009, various Italian organizations and activists organized to revive the course of study. Organizations such as the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) and Order Sons of Italy in America conducted fundraising campaigns, to aid in the monetary responsibility any new AP Italian program would bring with it. The AP Italian exam was then reintroduced, with the first new tests administered in 2012.[11]

Moreover, web-based Italian organizations, such as ItalianAware, have begun book donation campaigns to improve the status and representation of Italian language and Italian/ Italian American literature in New York Public Libraries. According to ItalianAware, the Brooklyn Public Library is the worst offender in New York City.[12] It has 11 books pertaining to the Italian language and immigrant experience available for checkout spread across 60 branches. That amounts to 1 book for every 6 branches in Brooklyn, which (according to ItalianAware) cannot supply the large Italian/Italian American community in Brooklyn, New York. ItalianAware aims to donate 100 various books on the Italian/ Italian American experience, written in Italian or English, to the Brooklyn Public Library by the end of 2010.

Forms of Italian[edit]

Early waves of Italian-American immigrants typically did not speak the form of Italian which originated from the Tuscan language, or spoke it as a second language acquired in school. Instead they typically spoke other Italo-Romance languages, particularly from Southern Italy, such as Sicilian language and Neapolitan language. Both of these languages have wide variety of dialects within them, including Salentino, Calabrese, etc. Additionally many villages may have spoken other non Italo-Romance minority languages such as Griko or the Arbëresh language. Today, the Italian language, which is most similar to the Tuscan (although not the same), is widely taught in Italian schools. Although many other minority languages have official status in Italy neither Sicilian language nor Neapolitan language are recognised by the Italian Republic. Although Italy is a signatory to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages it has not ratified the treaty. Thus limiting Italy's responsibility in the preservation of regional languages that it has not chosen to protect by domestic law.

Media[edit]

Although the Italian language is much less used today than it has been previously, there are still several Italian-only media outlets, among which are the St. Louis newspaper Il Pensiero and the New Jersey daily paper America Oggi and ICN Radio.

Il Progresso Italo Americano was edited by Carlo Barsotti (1850–1927).[13]

Arba Sicula (Sicilian Dawn) is a semiannual publication of the society of the same name, dedicated to preserving the Sicilian language. The magazine and a periodic newsletter offer prose, poetry and comment in Sicilian, with adjacent English translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Appendix Table 2. Languages Spoken at Home: 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007.". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Detailed Language Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for Persons 5 Years and Over --50 Languages with Greatest Number of Speakers: United States 1990". United States Census Bureau. 1990. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Language Spoken at Home: 2000". United States Bureau of the Census. Retrieved August 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Detailed Languages Spoken at Home 2006-2008". 
  5. ^ "Mother Tongue of the Foreign-Born Population: 1910 to 1940, 1960, and 1970". United States Census Bureau. March 9, 1999. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b [1] Archived July 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Table 5.Detailed List of Languages Spoken at Home for the Population 5 Years and Over by State: 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. February 25, 2003. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Newsletter". Netcapricorn.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  9. ^ "Languages Spoken and Learned in the United States". Vistawide.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  10. ^ Pilon, Mary (2010-05-10). "Italian Job: Resurrect the AP Exam". The Wall Street Journal. 
  11. ^ Lewin, Tamar (10 November 2010). "Italian Studies Regains Spot on the List of AP Courses". New York Times. Retrieved 2 October 2017. 
  12. ^ "Literature Donations". Italianaware.com. Retrieved 2015-10-26. 
  13. ^ "Verdi Monument - Historical Sign". Nycgovparks.org. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 

Further reading[edit]

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