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1
Thomas Heflin - A Night In Tunisia - Smalls, NYC
Thomas Heflin - A Night In Tunisia - Smalls, NYC
::2012/02/28::
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2
The Raid/Van Heflin-
The Raid/Van Heflin-
::2013/07/21::
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3
Paul Heflin Sings "Mary Did You Know" at the 2013 West End SDA Church Christmas Cantata
Paul Heflin Sings "Mary Did You Know" at the 2013 West End SDA Church Christmas Cantata
::2013/12/16::
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4
Born Innocent (1974)
Born Innocent (1974)
::2013/08/25::
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5
IT PAYS TO SERVE JESUS - AEOLIANS AT OAKWOOD UNIVERSITY CHURCH 04-09-2011
IT PAYS TO SERVE JESUS - AEOLIANS AT OAKWOOD UNIVERSITY CHURCH 04-09-2011
::2011/04/17::
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6
Nathan Burak vs. Nick Heflin at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Nathan Burak vs. Nick Heflin at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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7
Brady Heflin - Vans
Brady Heflin - Vans
::2008/05/26::
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8
Nick Heflin vs. Timmy McCall at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Nick Heflin vs. Timmy McCall at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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9
Taylor Meeks vs. Nick Heflin at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Taylor Meeks vs. Nick Heflin at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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10
Ron Westray
Ron Westray's Solo on "One Hand Clap"
::2010/05/17::
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11
Michael Heflin
Michael Heflin
::2013/08/19::
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12
Nick Heflin vs. Willie Miklus at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Nick Heflin vs. Willie Miklus at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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13
CAC to Purchase Heflin YMCA - KTHV 1.12.12
CAC to Purchase Heflin YMCA - KTHV 1.12.12
::2012/01/17::
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14
American actors in Spaghetti Westerns
American actors in Spaghetti Westerns
::2014/01/30::
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15
Elias Haslanger and Church on Monday LIVE at the Gallery
Elias Haslanger and Church on Monday LIVE at the Gallery
::2014/02/19::
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16
Sweet Mystery (SuperF*ckers -  Ep. 1)
Sweet Mystery (SuperF*ckers - Ep. 1)
::2012/11/30::
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17
NCAA Divisions and Conferences
NCAA Divisions and Conferences
::2013/11/25::
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18
PSY Gangnam Style Strikes Again at small Christmas Party
PSY Gangnam Style Strikes Again at small Christmas Party
::2012/12/09::
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19
Run for Cover (1955)
Run for Cover (1955)
::2013/06/22::
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20
Jesse James
Jesse James' Women (1954) Westerns Full Movies English
::2014/01/22::
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21
A MOVIE QUIZ FOR OLDER BABY BOOMERS
A MOVIE QUIZ FOR OLDER BABY BOOMERS
::2013/03/11::
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22
James Gulibon vs. Nick Smith at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
James Gulibon vs. Nick Smith at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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23
3 - Blizzard of 1993 Birmingham, AL - James Spann & Kevin Collins - 3/93
3 - Blizzard of 1993 Birmingham, AL - James Spann & Kevin Collins - 3/93
::2010/03/06::
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24
Sean Tillery & Changed "God Will" ft. Professor James Hall
Sean Tillery & Changed "God Will" ft. Professor James Hall
::2011/06/19::
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25
Chris Heflin Kickshoot Memphis,TN
Chris Heflin Kickshoot Memphis,TN
::2007/04/09::
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26
UFO Hunters ode to James Mcdonald
UFO Hunters ode to James Mcdonald
::2009/06/17::
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27
Jacob DaVis vs. James Vollrath at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Jacob DaVis vs. James Vollrath at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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28
Sermon: "One Life To Live" (Min. James Boyd III)
Sermon: "One Life To Live" (Min. James Boyd III)
::2012/09/27::
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29
Rutgers Round Table Presents: Bass Trio Plays...
Rutgers Round Table Presents: Bass Trio Plays...
::2012/08/30::
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30
Ron Westray - Like Ronny
Ron Westray - Like Ronny
::2009/02/02::
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31
Cantelope Original Recipe Band
Cantelope Original Recipe Band
::2010/01/20::
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32
Paul Longstreth at Bistreaux - "Shine On Harvest Moon"
Paul Longstreth at Bistreaux - "Shine On Harvest Moon"
::2010/09/14::
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33
At Last - Andy Davis Cover
At Last - Andy Davis Cover
::2008/02/14::
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34
Hello, my name is. By Matthew west (cover)
Hello, my name is. By Matthew west (cover)
::2013/03/25::
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35
THOMAS MITCHELL TRIBUTE
THOMAS MITCHELL TRIBUTE
::2009/06/23::
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36
Randy Brecker and Ron Westray on "Invitation"
Randy Brecker and Ron Westray on "Invitation"
::2008/10/02::
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37
Fill This Place Cafe Mark Thomas
Fill This Place Cafe Mark Thomas
::2012/12/08::
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38
Harry Connick, Jr., Shamarr Allen + band @ GRAMMY Only In Louisiana Brunch 2010
Harry Connick, Jr., Shamarr Allen + band @ GRAMMY Only In Louisiana Brunch 2010
::2010/02/03::
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Pure Jazz 2008 - Jeremy Pelt
Pure Jazz 2008 - Jeremy Pelt
::2008/09/27::
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40
Nathaniel Baker v.s. James Foster
Nathaniel Baker v.s. James Foster
::2008/09/04::
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41
heis at bro junie
heis at bro junie's church fill this place
::2011/10/01::
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42
Psalm 121 (All of my help Comes from the Lord)
Psalm 121 (All of my help Comes from the Lord)
::2011/02/22::
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Last Five Standing
Last Five Standing
::2009/10/02::
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44
JAMES TAYLOR VS NICK :)
JAMES TAYLOR VS NICK :)
::2012/04/05::
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Acting Presidents
Acting Presidents
::2013/11/29::
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let glory fill this place
let glory fill this place
::2012/01/27::
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Korean Full Gospel Church Tampa
Korean Full Gospel Church Tampa
::2013/04/04::
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Fill this place
Fill this place
::2012/11/30::
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Fill this place   Sean King
Fill this place Sean King
::2012/05/04::
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Etta James, At Last (Cover)
Etta James, At Last (Cover)
::2009/07/23::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from J. Thomas Heflin)
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James Thomas Heflin
Cottontom.jpg
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
November 3, 1920 – March 3, 1931
Preceded by B. B. Comer
Succeeded by John H. Bankhead II
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
In office
May 19, 1904 – November 1, 1920
Preceded by Charles Winston Thompson
Succeeded by William B. Bowling
25th Secretary of State of Alabama
In office
1903–1904
Governor William D. Jelks
Preceded by Robert P. McDavid
Succeeded by Edmund R. McDavid
Personal details
Born April 9, 1869
Louina, Alabama
Died April 22, 1951 (aged 82)
LaFayette, Alabama
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College

James Thomas Heflin (April 9, 1869 – April 22, 1951), nicknamed "Cotton Tom," was a leading proponent of white supremacy who served as a Democratic Congressman and United States Senator from Alabama.

Biography[edit]

Pre-Congressionnal career[edit]

Born in Louina, Alabama, he attended the Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College and was admitted to the bar in 1893, practicing law in LaFayette, Alabama.

Heflin first rose to political prominence as a delegate who helped to draft the 1901 Alabama state constitution. Heflin argued, successfully, for completely excluding Black Alabamans from voting, stating that he truly believed that "God Almighty intended the negro to be the servant of the white man." As Secretary of State in 1903, Heflin was an outspoken supporter of men put on trial for enslaving African American laborers through fraudulent convict leasing. As detailed in Douglas A. Blackmon's book, Slavery by Another Name, these practices were a brutal, post-emancipation form of slavery in which African Americans were often illegally convicted of crimes and then sold to farmers or industrialists. Heflin explicitly used white supremacist rhetoric to mobilize support for the defendants. He argued before a group of Confederate veterans that forcing African Americans to labor was a means to hold them in their proper social position.[1]

House years[edit]

In 1904, Heflin was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat to fill the vacancy left by the death of Charles Winston Thompson. Four years later, while a member of the House, he shot and seriously wounded a black man who confronted him on a Washington streetcar. Although indicted, Heflin had the charges dismissed. In subsequent campaigns, he bragged of the shooting as one of his major career accomplishments.

Senate years[edit]

He continued to serve in the House until 1920, when he was elected to the Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John H. Bankhead. In the 1920s, he expressed strong hostility to the Knights of Columbus.[2] In 1928, Heflin further expressed outrage that Al Smith was the party's nominee and inveighed against Catholic influences on the Democratic Party.[3] Hence instead of Smith he supported Republican Herbert Hoover for President and is sometimes credited with coining the term yellow dog.[4] The Democrats thus did not renominate Heflin for the Senate in 1930.

He ran as an independent candidate, losing decisively to John H. Bankhead II. Returning to Washington to serve out his term, Heflin initiated a Senate investigation of voting fraud to try to overturn Bankhead's election. The inquiry lasted fifteen months and cost $100,000.

In that same year, James Heflin officially protested in the Senate against New York's legalization of racial intermarriage between a black man and a white woman. New York senator Royal S. Copeland reacted angrily to Heflin, who replied that if Copeland went someday to the South on a presidential campaign, he would be lynched and hanged by the population.[5]

In April 1932, with Heflin's term expired and Bankhead seated, the Senate prepared to vote on a committee recommendation against Heflin. Heflin delivered a five-hour oration, punctuating his remarks with vehement gestures and racist jokes. As he thundered to a conclusion, the gallery audience, packed with his supporters, jumped to its feet with a roar of approval. They were ordered out of the chamber. Two days later, the Senate voted by a wide margin to dismiss Heflin's claim.

Heflin was suspected of being a member of the Ku Klux Klan. In 1937, the Imperial Wizard, Hiram Wesley Evans, told the press that Heflin had joined the secret order in the late 1920s.[6]

Later life[edit]

After his defeat, Heflin was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the House and Senate on several occasions. Later, he was appointed special representative of the Federal Housing Administration under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He died in 1951 in LaFayette.

James K. Vardaman, Heflin, and Ollie James in 1912

Legacy[edit]

Helflin was the nephew of Robert Stell Heflin, a congressman from Alabama. His nephew, Howell Heflin, was also later elected US Senator from Alabama and served from 1979 to 1997.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Blackmon, Slavery by Another Name, 2008, p. 122, 222, 225, 232.
  2. ^ Taming Alabama by Paul M. Pruitt, pg 175
  3. ^ History Matters at George Mason University
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Alabama
  5. ^ "Again, Heflin", TIME Magazine, February 17, 1930
  6. ^ The Ku Klux Klan in American Politics by Arnold S. Rice, pages 89-90

Further reading[edit]

  • Senate Historical Minute, "Cotton Tom's Last Blast" (by Senate Historian Richard A. Baker).[1]


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles Winston Thompson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district

1904 - 1920
Succeeded by
William B. Bowling
United States Senate
Preceded by
B. B. Comer
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Alabama
1920–1931
Served alongside: Oscar Underwood, Hugo Black
Succeeded by
John H. Bankhead II
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