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Thomas Heflin - A Night In Tunisia - Smalls, NYC
Thomas Heflin - A Night In Tunisia - Smalls, NYC
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: Thomas Heflin
Ryan James Heflin
Ryan James Heflin
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: Lawless Label
Thomas Heflin
Thomas Heflin's Solo over "Mind Over Matter"
Published: 2010/05/16
Channel: Thomas Heflin
Ron Westray
Ron Westray's Solo on "One Hand Clap"
Published: 2010/05/17
Channel: Thomas Heflin
John Paul Jackson Prophecy on President Donald Trump
John Paul Jackson Prophecy on President Donald Trump
Published: 2016/01/24
Channel: news2morrow
What
What's My Line? - Fred MacMurray; Jack Lemmon [panel] (Mar 8, 1959)
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: What's My Line?
Thomas Heflin performing Michael Jackson
Thomas Heflin performing Michael Jackson's "Stranger in Moscow"
Published: 2008/11/25
Channel: Thomas Heflin
Thomas A. Whitfield
Thomas A. Whitfield's "I Shall Wear A Crown"
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: Rylan Harris
Title Theme - The Flintstones [Acoustic]
Title Theme - The Flintstones [Acoustic]
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Alex Heflin
Tom Heflin Civil Rights Movement Interview
Tom Heflin Civil Rights Movement Interview
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Florence-Lauderdale Public Library Digital Archive
Alabama U.S. Senator Howell Heflin Announces Retirement - 1995
Alabama U.S. Senator Howell Heflin Announces Retirement - 1995
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: GovWallace
Tom Tom Heflin
Tom Tom Heflin
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Maya Angelou Poetry Workshop | James Thomas III
Maya Angelou Poetry Workshop | James Thomas III
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: KLRNTV
Inside Out - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Inside Out - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Published: 2011/03/30
Channel: bluecanoerecords
Thomas Heflin
Thomas Heflin's Jazz Trumpet Solo on "Inside Out"
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: Thomas Heflin
Pastor James E. Bonner
Pastor James E. Bonner
Published: 2011/08/11
Channel: TheEvangelistbonner
One Hand Clap - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
One Hand Clap - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Published: 2011/03/30
Channel: bluecanoerecords
Symmetry 1
Symmetry 1
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Thomas Heflin - Topic
Mind Over Matter - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Mind Over Matter - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Published: 2011/03/30
Channel: bluecanoerecords
A Star Is Born: Pantages Premiere TV Special
A Star Is Born: Pantages Premiere TV Special
Published: 2013/10/08
Channel: TheManThatGetsAway
86 Finals - David Taylor (Nittany Lion/TMWC) vs. Nick Heflin (Princeton WC)
86 Finals - David Taylor (Nittany Lion/TMWC) vs. Nick Heflin (Princeton WC)
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: USA Wrestling
What
What's My Line? - Van Heflin; Steve Allen [panel] (Jan 19, 1964)
Published: 2014/08/17
Channel: What's My Line?
Macross - "Do You Remember Love" | ENGLISH ver | AmaLee
Macross - "Do You Remember Love" | ENGLISH ver | AmaLee
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: LeeandLie
William Holden: "Reconnaissance Pilot" 1943 US Army Air Forces Training Film; WWII
William Holden: "Reconnaissance Pilot" 1943 US Army Air Forces Training Film; WWII
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Saga of Tanya the Evil - "Jingo Jungle" (Opening) | ENGLISH ver | AmaLee
Saga of Tanya the Evil - "Jingo Jungle" (Opening) | ENGLISH ver | AmaLee
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: LeeandLie
Brady Heflin - Vans
Brady Heflin - Vans
Published: 2008/05/26
Channel: hidekie80
2002 4A Semifinals: North Jackson vs. Cleburne County
2002 4A Semifinals: North Jackson vs. Cleburne County
Published: 2013/10/31
Channel: Clay Crownover
How To: Make a Fire/Desert Overworld Theme in 6 Min or Less (+ Full Song at the End) || Shady Cicada
How To: Make a Fire/Desert Overworld Theme in 6 Min or Less (+ Full Song at the End) || Shady Cicada
Published: 2018/01/13
Channel: Shady Cicada
Maya Angelou Poetry Workshop | Jade Heflin
Maya Angelou Poetry Workshop | Jade Heflin
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: KLRNTV
Chris Heflin Kickshoot Memphis,TN
Chris Heflin Kickshoot Memphis,TN
Published: 2007/04/09
Channel: Sean Pulizzano
Evangelion - "Cruel Angel
Evangelion - "Cruel Angel's Thesis" (FULL Opening) | ENGLISH ver | AmaLee
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: LeeandLie
74 Rd of 64 - Mark Hall (Nittany Lion WC) vs. Carver James (IRTC)
74 Rd of 64 - Mark Hall (Nittany Lion WC) vs. Carver James (IRTC)
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: USA Wrestling
What
What's My Line? - Gina Lollobrigida; Steve Allen [panel] (Jun 14, 1964)
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: What's My Line?
Amira Kheir - LUNA
Amira Kheir - LUNA
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: amira kheir
Gun Street 1961 James Full Length Western Movie
Gun Street 1961 James Full Length Western Movie
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Aaron Faulk
What
What's My Line? - Robert Taylor (Feb 26, 1956)
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: What's My Line?
4 Exercises To Jump Higher, Get More Explosive and Dunk A Basketball!
4 Exercises To Jump Higher, Get More Explosive and Dunk A Basketball!
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: ILoveBasketballTV
What
What's My Line? - Fabian; Shelley Berman [panel] (Nov 15, 1959)
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: What's My Line?
What
What's My Line? - Robert Wagner; Gordon MacRae [panel] (Nov 2, 1958)
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: What's My Line?
James Jindra - Pommel Horse - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
James Jindra - Pommel Horse - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: USA Gymnastics
COH 62 125lb Fight, Thomas Garey VS McKinley Lane
COH 62 125lb Fight, Thomas Garey VS McKinley Lane
Published: 2014/09/04
Channel: Brad Wick
Jeremy Thomas Quartet- Drop Top
Jeremy Thomas Quartet- Drop Top
Published: 2011/07/16
Channel: BishopofMusic
James Jindra - Still Rings - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
James Jindra - Still Rings - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: USA Gymnastics
Caught (1949), Director Max Ophüls (Multi Subs)
Caught (1949), Director Max Ophüls (Multi Subs)
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Max Ophuls
"WINGS OF STEEL" UNITED STATES ARMY AIR CORPS RECRUITING FILM from 1941 87934
"WINGS OF STEEL" UNITED STATES ARMY AIR CORPS RECRUITING FILM from 1941 87934
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
What
What's My Line? - Erle Stanley Gardner; George Sanders; Jim Backus [panel] (Sep 15, 1957)
Published: 2014/01/20
Channel: What's My Line?
Thomas Hultén plays Pilska Polska @ Cactus Music - December 19, 2009
Thomas Hultén plays Pilska Polska @ Cactus Music - December 19, 2009
Published: 2009/12/22
Channel: Tierra Studios
74 Rd of 32 - Alex Dieringer (TMWC) vs. Chance Marsteller (DARK KNIGHTS)
74 Rd of 32 - Alex Dieringer (TMWC) vs. Chance Marsteller (DARK KNIGHTS)
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: USA Wrestling
Thomas Dewey Story (1948)
Thomas Dewey Story (1948)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Big Ten Rewind: 2013 Wrestling - 184 LBs -  Ohio State
Big Ten Rewind: 2013 Wrestling - 184 LBs - Ohio State's Kenny Courts vs. Penn State's Ed Ruth
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Big Ten Network
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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James Thomas Heflin
Cottontom.jpg
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
November 3, 1920 – March 3, 1931
Preceded by B. B. Comer
Succeeded by John H. Bankhead II
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
In office
May 19, 1904 – November 1, 1920
Preceded by Charles Winston Thompson
Succeeded by William B. Bowling
25th Secretary of State of Alabama
In office
1903–1904
Governor William D. Jelks
Preceded by Robert P. McDavid
Succeeded by Edmund R. McDavid
Personal details
Born April 9, 1869
Louina, Alabama
Died April 22, 1951 (aged 82)
LaFayette, Alabama
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College

James Thomas Heflin (April 9, 1869 – April 22, 1951), nicknamed "Cotton Tom," was an American politician and leading proponent of white supremacy who served as a Democratic Congressman and United States Senator from Alabama.

Early life[edit]

Born in Louina, Alabama, he attended the Agriculture and Mechanical College of Alabama (now Auburn University). He never graduated but independently read law and was admitted to the bar in 1893, practicing law in LaFayette, Alabama.

Early career[edit]

Heflin first rose to political prominence as a delegate who helped to draft the 1901 Constitution of Alabama. Heflin argued, successfully, for completely excluding black Alabamians from voting, stating, "God Almighty intended the negro to be the servant of the white man." As Secretary of State in 1903, Heflin was an outspoken supporter of men put on trial for enslaving black laborers through fraudulent convict leasing. As detailed in Douglas A. Blackmon's book, Slavery by Another Name, the practices were a brutal, post-emancipation form of slavery in which African Americans were often falsely convicted of crimes and then sold to farmers or industrialists. Heflin explicitly used white supremacist rhetoric to mobilize support for the defendants. He argued before a group of Confederate veterans that forcing blacks to labor was a means to hold them in their proper social position.[1]

House years[edit]

In 1904, Heflin was elected to the House of Representatives as a Democrat to fill the vacancy left by the death of Charles Winston Thompson. Four years later, while he was a member of the House, he shot and seriously wounded a black man who confronted him on a Washington streetcar. Heflin threw the victim Lewis Lundy, off the streetcar and shot at him through the streetcar window. Lundy received a wound to the head, and reports vary on whether it was due to pistol-whipping by Heflin, by the fall from the streetcar, or by a bullet wound.[2] A white bystander, Thomas McCreary, was wounded by a stray bullet fired by Helflin. Although indicted, Heflin had the charges dismissed.[3] In subsequent campaigns, he bragged of the shooting as one of his major career accomplishments.

Senate years[edit]

He continued to serve in the House until 1920, when he was elected to the Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John H. Bankhead. In the 1920s, he expressed strong hostility to the Knights of Columbus.[4] In 1928, Heflin further expressed outrage that Al Smith was the party's nominee and inveighed against Catholic influences on the Democratic Party.[5] Instead of Smith, he supported Republican Herbert Hoover for President and is sometimes credited with coining the term yellow dog.[6]

The Democrats thus did not renominate Heflin for the Senate in 1930. He ran as an independent candidate, losing decisively to John H. Bankhead II. Returning to Washington to serve out his term, Heflin initiated a Senate investigation of voting fraud to try to overturn Bankhead's election. The inquiry lasted 15 months and cost $100,000.

In the same year, James Heflin officially protested in the Senate against New York's legalization of racial intermarriage between a black man and a white woman. New York Senator Royal S. Copeland reacted angrily to Heflin, who replied that if Copeland went someday to the South on a presidential campaign, he would be lynched and hanged by the population.[7]

In April 1932, with Heflin's term expired and Bankhead seated, the Senate prepared to vote on a committee recommendation against Heflin. Heflin delivered a five-hour oration, punctuating his remarks with vehement gestures and racist jokes. As he thundered to a conclusion, the gallery audience, packed with his supporters, jumped to its feet with a roar of approval. They were ordered out of the chamber. Two days later, the Senate voted by a wide margin to dismiss Heflin's claim.

Heflin was suspected of being a member of the Ku Klux Klan. In 1937, the Imperial Wizard, Hiram Wesley Evans, told the press that Heflin had joined the secret order in the late 1920s.[8]

Later life[edit]

After his defeat, Heflin was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the House and Senate on several occasions. Later, he was appointed special representative of the Federal Housing Administration under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He died in 1951 in LaFayette.

James K. Vardaman, Heflin, and Ollie James in 1912

Legacy[edit]

Heflin was the nephew of Robert Stell Heflin, a congressman from Alabama. His nephew, Howell Heflin, was also later elected US Senator from Alabama and served from 1979 to 1997.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Blackmon, Slavery by Another Name, 2008, p. 122, 222, 225, 232.
  2. ^ http://downfalldictionary.blogspot.com/2013/08/thomas-heflin-even-bad-men-love-their.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/.m/thedailymirror/2008/03/march-28-1908.html
  4. ^ Taming Alabama by Paul M. Pruitt, pg 175
  5. ^ History Matters at George Mason University
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Alabama
  7. ^ "Again, Heflin", TIME Magazine, February 17, 1930
  8. ^ The Ku Klux Klan in American Politics by Arnold S. Rice, pages 89-90

Further reading[edit]

  • Senate Historical Minute, "Cotton Tom's Last Blast" (by Senate Historian Richard A. Baker).[1]
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert P. McDavid
Secretary of State of Alabama
1903–1904
Succeeded by
Edmund R. McDavid
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles Winston Thompson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district

1904 - 1920
Succeeded by
William B. Bowling
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
B. B. Comer
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Alabama
1920–1931
Served alongside: Oscar Underwood and Hugo Black
Succeeded by
John H. Bankhead II

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