Play Video
1
Inside Out - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Inside Out - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
::2011/03/30::
Play Video
2
Thomas Heflin
Thomas Heflin's Jazz Trumpet Solo on "Inside Out"
::2010/05/05::
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3
Mind Over Matter - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
Mind Over Matter - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
::2011/03/30::
Play Video
4
Thomas Heflin
Thomas Heflin's Solo over "Mind Over Matter"
::2010/05/16::
Play Video
5
What
What's My Line? - Van Heflin; Steve Allen [panel] (Jan 19, 1964)
::2014/08/17::
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6
One Hand Clap - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
One Hand Clap - Ron Westray and Thomas Heflin
::2011/03/30::
Play Video
7
Paul Heflin and the Praise Team Sing a Medley of "Alabaster Box/Jesus Paid It All"
Paul Heflin and the Praise Team Sing a Medley of "Alabaster Box/Jesus Paid It All"
::2013/01/06::
Play Video
8
NBC UNIVERSITY THEATER: ARROWSMITH - VAN HEFLIN, OLD TIME RADIO DRAMA
NBC UNIVERSITY THEATER: ARROWSMITH - VAN HEFLIN, OLD TIME RADIO DRAMA
::2014/03/02::
Play Video
9
Star Search - Panzie Johnson vs Paul Heflin
Star Search - Panzie Johnson vs Paul Heflin
::2009/12/29::
Play Video
10
Ron Westray
Ron Westray's Solo on "One Hand Clap"
::2010/05/17::
Play Video
11
American actors in Spaghetti Westerns
American actors in Spaghetti Westerns
::2014/01/30::
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12
Brady Heflin - Vans
Brady Heflin - Vans
::2008/05/26::
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13
Ron Westray
Ron Westray's Solo over "Eternal and Absolute"
::2011/11/24::
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14
University Freestyle 84kg - Nick Heflin vs. Ethan Taylor
University Freestyle 84kg - Nick Heflin vs. Ethan Taylor
::2011/04/22::
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15
Ray Eltringham vs Ryan Heflin at the Central Pennsylvania Warrior Challenge
Ray Eltringham vs Ryan Heflin at the Central Pennsylvania Warrior Challenge
::2009/04/25::
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16
Jake Heflin
Jake Heflin's part in SHRED THAT (pt.6/10)
::2011/08/29::
Play Video
17
Thomas Riley Rip
Thomas Riley Rip
::2011/03/02::
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18
Chris Heflin Kickshoot Memphis,TN
Chris Heflin Kickshoot Memphis,TN
::2007/04/09::
Play Video
19
THOMAS MITCHELL TRIBUTE
THOMAS MITCHELL TRIBUTE
::2009/06/23::
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20
Presenting Lily Mars 1943 Official Trailer Judy Garland, Van Heflin Movie HD
Presenting Lily Mars 1943 Official Trailer Judy Garland, Van Heflin Movie HD
::2014/09/24::
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21
Thomas Kimbrell vs. Caleb Busson at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Thomas Kimbrell vs. Caleb Busson at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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22
The Lady in Scarlet (1935) Reginald Denny, Patricia Farr, Jameson Thomas MYSTERY THRILLER
The Lady in Scarlet (1935) Reginald Denny, Patricia Farr, Jameson Thomas MYSTERY THRILLER
::2014/02/28::
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23
FILA JR FS Semifinal 79kg - Ethen Lofthouse vs. Jordan Thomas
FILA JR FS Semifinal 79kg - Ethen Lofthouse vs. Jordan Thomas
::2011/04/11::
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24
Legendary fighters of the 80s -Hearns vs. Duran
Legendary fighters of the 80s -Hearns vs. Duran
::2007/10/29::
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25
Lawrence Thomas vs. Kurtis Julson at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
Lawrence Thomas vs. Kurtis Julson at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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26
CCHS Jazz Band
CCHS Jazz Band
::2012/05/31::
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27
James Foster gives Perry Belcher Air Brushed Painting
James Foster gives Perry Belcher Air Brushed Painting
::2009/09/17::
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28
What
What's My Line? - Jose Ferrer; Pat Boone [panel] (Dec 7, 1958)
::2014/02/19::
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29
Acting Presidents
Acting Presidents
::2013/11/29::
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30
Sermon: "One Life To Live" (Min. James Boyd III)
Sermon: "One Life To Live" (Min. James Boyd III)
::2012/09/27::
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31
When Michael Shows Up-Pastor James R. Doggette, Jr.
When Michael Shows Up-Pastor James R. Doggette, Jr.
::2013/12/01::
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32
James Green vs. Nick Dardanes at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
James Green vs. Nick Dardanes at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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33
A MOVIE QUIZ FOR OLDER BABY BOOMERS
A MOVIE QUIZ FOR OLDER BABY BOOMERS
::2013/03/11::
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34
Irvin Mayfield - Don
Irvin Mayfield - Don't Know Why
::2008/05/10::
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35
Nathaniel Baker v.s. James Foster
Nathaniel Baker v.s. James Foster
::2008/09/04::
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36
James Jindra - Still Rings - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
James Jindra - Still Rings - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
::2011/02/03::
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37
James Jindra - Pommel Horse - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
James Jindra - Pommel Horse - 2011 Winter Cup Challenge Day 1
::2011/02/03::
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38
James Green vs. Tyler Scotten at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
James Green vs. Tyler Scotten at 2013 ASICS University Nationals - FS
::2013/05/29::
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39
University Freestyle 74kg   Andrew Howe vs  James Vollrath
University Freestyle 74kg Andrew Howe vs James Vollrath
::2011/04/22::
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40
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 2/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 2/7
::2010/01/01::
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41
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 5/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 5/7
::2010/01/01::
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42
Battle Cry Commercial (1990)
Battle Cry Commercial (1990)
::2009/07/22::
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43
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 4/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 4/7
::2010/01/01::
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44
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 1/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 1/7
::2010/01/01::
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45
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 6/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 6/7
::2010/01/01::
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46
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 3/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 3/7
::2010/01/01::
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All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 7/7
All My Children: 20th Anniversary- Part 7/7
::2010/01/01::
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48
Dizzy Moods | Wynton Marsalis & JALCO: Live @ The Proms (2004)
Dizzy Moods | Wynton Marsalis & JALCO: Live @ The Proms (2004)
::2012/10/07::
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Convergence - A Senior Project Concert
Convergence - A Senior Project Concert
::2014/02/26::
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"CRAZY" DEJA BLUES BAND @ MONTEREY BLUES COMPETITION
"CRAZY" DEJA BLUES BAND @ MONTEREY BLUES COMPETITION
::2010/11/22::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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James Thomas Heflin
Cottontom.jpg
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
November 3, 1920 – March 3, 1931
Preceded by B. B. Comer
Succeeded by John H. Bankhead II
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th district
In office
May 19, 1904 – November 1, 1920
Preceded by Charles Winston Thompson
Succeeded by William B. Bowling
25th Secretary of State of Alabama
In office
1903–1904
Governor William D. Jelks
Preceded by Robert P. McDavid
Succeeded by Edmund R. McDavid
Personal details
Born April 9, 1869
Louina, Alabama
Died April 22, 1951 (aged 82)
LaFayette, Alabama
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College

James Thomas Heflin (April 9, 1869 – April 22, 1951), nicknamed "Cotton Tom," was a leading proponent of white supremacy who served as a Democratic Congressman and United States Senator from Alabama.

Biography[edit]

Pre-Congressionnal career[edit]

Born in Louina, Alabama, he attended the Agriculture and Mechanical College of Alabama (now Auburn University). He never graduated but independently read law and was admitted to the bar in 1893, practicing law in LaFayette, Alabama.

Heflin first rose to political prominence as a delegate who helped to draft the 1901 Alabama state constitution. Heflin argued, successfully, for completely excluding Black Alabamians from voting, stating that he truly believed that "God Almighty intended the negro to be the servant of the white man." As Secretary of State in 1903, Heflin was an outspoken supporter of men put on trial for enslaving African American laborers through fraudulent convict leasing. As detailed in Douglas A. Blackmon's book, Slavery by Another Name, these practices were a brutal, post-emancipation form of slavery in which African Americans were often illegally convicted of crimes and then sold to farmers or industrialists. Heflin explicitly used white supremacist rhetoric to mobilize support for the defendants. He argued before a group of Confederate veterans that forcing African Americans to labor was a means to hold them in their proper social position.[1]

House years[edit]

In 1904, Heflin was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat to fill the vacancy left by the death of Charles Winston Thompson. Four years later, while a member of the House, he shot and seriously wounded a black man who confronted him on a Washington streetcar. Although indicted, Heflin had the charges dismissed. In subsequent campaigns, he bragged of the shooting as one of his major career accomplishments.

Senate years[edit]

He continued to serve in the House until 1920, when he was elected to the Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John H. Bankhead. In the 1920s, he expressed strong hostility to the Knights of Columbus.[2] In 1928, Heflin further expressed outrage that Al Smith was the party's nominee and inveighed against Catholic influences on the Democratic Party.[3] Hence instead of Smith he supported Republican Herbert Hoover for President and is sometimes credited with coining the term yellow dog.[4] The Democrats thus did not renominate Heflin for the Senate in 1930.

He ran as an independent candidate, losing decisively to John H. Bankhead II. Returning to Washington to serve out his term, Heflin initiated a Senate investigation of voting fraud to try to overturn Bankhead's election. The inquiry lasted fifteen months and cost $100,000.

In that same year, James Heflin officially protested in the Senate against New York's legalization of racial intermarriage between a black man and a white woman. New York senator Royal S. Copeland reacted angrily to Heflin, who replied that if Copeland went someday to the South on a presidential campaign, he would be lynched and hanged by the population.[5]

In April 1932, with Heflin's term expired and Bankhead seated, the Senate prepared to vote on a committee recommendation against Heflin. Heflin delivered a five-hour oration, punctuating his remarks with vehement gestures and racist jokes. As he thundered to a conclusion, the gallery audience, packed with his supporters, jumped to its feet with a roar of approval. They were ordered out of the chamber. Two days later, the Senate voted by a wide margin to dismiss Heflin's claim.

Heflin was suspected of being a member of the Ku Klux Klan. In 1937, the Imperial Wizard, Hiram Wesley Evans, told the press that Heflin had joined the secret order in the late 1920s.[6]

Later life[edit]

After his defeat, Heflin was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the House and Senate on several occasions. Later, he was appointed special representative of the Federal Housing Administration under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He died in 1951 in LaFayette.

James K. Vardaman, Heflin, and Ollie James in 1912

Legacy[edit]

Helflin was the nephew of Robert Stell Heflin, a congressman from Alabama. His nephew, Howell Heflin, was also later elected US Senator from Alabama and served from 1979 to 1997.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Blackmon, Slavery by Another Name, 2008, p. 122, 222, 225, 232.
  2. ^ Taming Alabama by Paul M. Pruitt, pg 175
  3. ^ History Matters at George Mason University
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Alabama
  5. ^ "Again, Heflin", TIME Magazine, February 17, 1930
  6. ^ The Ku Klux Klan in American Politics by Arnold S. Rice, pages 89-90

Further reading[edit]

  • Senate Historical Minute, "Cotton Tom's Last Blast" (by Senate Historian Richard A. Baker).[1]


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles Winston Thompson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district

1904 - 1920
Succeeded by
William B. Bowling
United States Senate
Preceded by
B. B. Comer
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Alabama
1920–1931
Served alongside: Oscar Underwood and Hugo Black
Succeeded by
John H. Bankhead II
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