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Building a dinosaur from a chicken | Jack Horner
Building a dinosaur from a chicken | Jack Horner
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: TED
An Interview with Dr. Jack Horner | InGeneral - Episode 51 | Jurassic Park Podcast
An Interview with Dr. Jack Horner | InGeneral - Episode 51 | Jurassic Park Podcast
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Jurassic Outpost
Jack Horner on Dinosaurs
Jack Horner on Dinosaurs
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: oublidelinde
Dinosaurs Decoded - Jack Horner Documentary
Dinosaurs Decoded - Jack Horner Documentary
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Dinosaur Stop
Chickensaurus Paleontologist Jack Horner - Wired Interviews
Chickensaurus Paleontologist Jack Horner - Wired Interviews
Published: 2011/10/26
Channel: WIRED
Dyslexic Advantage - Dinosaur Hunter Jack Horner
Dyslexic Advantage - Dinosaur Hunter Jack Horner
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: DyslexicAdvantage
Dr. Jack Horner Q&A (Video) | First Official Jurassic World Community Event | April 2
Dr. Jack Horner Q&A (Video) | First Official Jurassic World Community Event | April 2
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Jurassic Outpost
Jack Horner On Jurassic World
Jack Horner On Jurassic World
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Universal Movies
Jack Horner: Shape-shifting dinosaurs
Jack Horner: Shape-shifting dinosaurs
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: TED
Jurassic Dinosaur Advisor Jack Horner
Jurassic Dinosaur Advisor Jack Horner
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Jurassic World
The shape-shifting skulls of dinosaurs | Jack Horner | TEDxVancouver
The shape-shifting skulls of dinosaurs | Jack Horner | TEDxVancouver
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: TEDx Talks
Would Jurassic World’s New Dinosaur Win in an Epic Showdown?
Would Jurassic World’s New Dinosaur Win in an Epic Showdown?
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: WIRED
Jack Horner: "Jurassic World" | Talks at Google
Jack Horner: "Jurassic World" | Talks at Google
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Talks at Google
"JURASSIC PARK III" ~ Montana: Finding New Dinosaurs
"JURASSIC PARK III" ~ Montana: Finding New Dinosaurs
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Taylor Lee
The Real Jurassic Park (Documentary) 1993
The Real Jurassic Park (Documentary) 1993
Published: 2013/01/06
Channel: jurassicoz
2014 Annual Meeting - Jack Horner
2014 Annual Meeting - Jack Horner
Published: 2015/04/17
Channel: The Philanthropy Roundtable
This Maverick Paleontologist Influenced Jurassic Park
This Maverick Paleontologist Influenced Jurassic Park
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: Smithsonian Channel
Turning Chickens to Dinosaurs
Turning Chickens to Dinosaurs
Published: 2009/11/13
Channel: CBS
Dr. Jack Horner answers your dino questions - Part 1
Dr. Jack Horner answers your dino questions - Part 1
Published: 2013/10/26
Channel: Science Centre Singapore
Jack Horner goodbye
Jack Horner goodbye
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Matt Volz
Dinosaurs Decoded   Jack Horner Documentary
Dinosaurs Decoded Jack Horner Documentary
Published: 2015/12/26
Channel: Grover Moir
IMSA Great Minds Program - Jack Horner
IMSA Great Minds Program - Jack Horner
Published: 2013/06/18
Channel: Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA)
Jack Horner (paleontologist)
Jack Horner (paleontologist)
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: WikiWikiup
Face the State  Jack Horner @ Museum of the Rockies
Face the State Jack Horner @ Museum of the Rockies
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: KBZK Bozeman MT News
Jack Horner talks about dinosaurs
Jack Horner talks about dinosaurs
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: Montana State University
Indominus Rex: Fact & Fiction of Genetically Engineered Dinosaurs
Indominus Rex: Fact & Fiction of Genetically Engineered Dinosaurs
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Science On Screen
Are Torosaurus and Triceratops the same dinosaur: smackdown at the Peabody
Are Torosaurus and Triceratops the same dinosaur: smackdown at the Peabody
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History
Sloan Science & Film: Jack Horner on JURASSIC WORLD
Sloan Science & Film: Jack Horner on JURASSIC WORLD
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Museum of the Moving Image
Paleontologist Jack Horner Interview - Jurassic World at London Waterloo
Paleontologist Jack Horner Interview - Jurassic World at London Waterloo
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: HeyUGuys
Montana State University: An interview with paleontologist Jack Horner
Montana State University: An interview with paleontologist Jack Horner
Published: 2012/07/24
Channel: SmithsonianFolklife
Jack Horner wants to build a dinosaur
Jack Horner wants to build a dinosaur
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Boonsri Dickinson Srinivasan
MNHC
MNHC's Evening with a Naturalist featuring Jack Horner and Hank Green
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Montana Natural History Center
Montanans for Truth in Public Schools
Montanans for Truth in Public Schools
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Tim Warner
Dr. Jack Horner-Using the Tools of Evolution to Recreate Dinosaurs
Dr. Jack Horner-Using the Tools of Evolution to Recreate Dinosaurs
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: Pacific Science Center
ASTC on Air: Jack Horner
ASTC on Air: Jack Horner
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education
SciShow Talk Show: Jack Horner Meets a Dinosaur
SciShow Talk Show: Jack Horner Meets a Dinosaur
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: SciShow
Paleontologist Jack Horner speaks in Washington D.C.
Paleontologist Jack Horner speaks in Washington D.C.
Published: 2012/06/26
Channel: Montana State University
The Science of Jurassic World w/ Real Paleontologists
The Science of Jurassic World w/ Real Paleontologists
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: NerdAlert
Jurassic World Q&A with Frank Marshall and Jack Horner
Jurassic World Q&A with Frank Marshall and Jack Horner
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: jurassiraptor
Jack Horner on Paleontology
Jack Horner on Paleontology
Published: 2008/10/21
Channel: Discovery
Academy Conversations: Jurassic World
Academy Conversations: Jurassic World
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Oscars
Jack Horner declines sizable donation to carbon date dinosaur bone
Jack Horner declines sizable donation to carbon date dinosaur bone
Published: 2015/07/07
Channel: Bob Enyart
Dr. Jack Horner answers your dino questions - Part 2
Dr. Jack Horner answers your dino questions - Part 2
Published: 2013/10/26
Channel: Science Centre Singapore
Q&A with a Dinosaur Hunter: How Jack Horner Changed Paleontology
Q&A with a Dinosaur Hunter: How Jack Horner Changed Paleontology
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: 21 News
Jack Horner Call
Jack Horner Call
Published: 2010/06/17
Channel: hugenex2000
DINOSAUR SCIENCE! feat. Chris Pratt and Jack Horner
DINOSAUR SCIENCE! feat. Chris Pratt and Jack Horner
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Vsauce
Can We Make a Pet Dinosaur?
Can We Make a Pet Dinosaur?
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: The Good Stuff
Paleontologist Matt Lamanna Live!
Paleontologist Matt Lamanna Live!
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Carnegie Museum of Natural History
Could humans and dinosaurs have coexisted? A paleontologist explains.
Could humans and dinosaurs have coexisted? A paleontologist explains.
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: Fusion
Dinosaur Wars: Jack Horner
Dinosaur Wars: Jack Horner
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: High Country News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Jack Horner
2015JackHorner.jpg
Horner in 2015
Born (1946-06-15) June 15, 1946 (age 71)
Shelby, Montana, U.S.
Residence Bozeman, Montana, U.S.
Citizenship United States
Spouse(s) Vanessa Weaver (January 15, 2012 – c. 2016)
Awards Romer-Simpson Medal (2013)
Scientific career
Fields Paleontology
Institutions Chapman University, Horner Science Group

John R. "Jack" Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist most famous for discovering and naming Maiasaura, providing the first clear evidence that some dinosaurs cared for their young. In addition to his paleontological discoveries, Horner served as the technical advisor for all of the Jurassic Park films,[1] had a cameo appearance in Jurassic World,[2] and even served as partial inspiration for one of the lead characters, Dr. Alan Grant.[3][4] He studied at the University of Montana, although he did not complete his degree due to undiagnosed dyslexia, and was awarded a Doctorate in Science honoris causa. He retired from Montana State University on July 1, 2016 although he claims to have been pushed out of the Museum of the Rockies after having married an undergraduate student[5][6] and now teaches as a Presidential Fellow at Chapman University. With a business partner, he has also formed a company called Horner Science Group (http://www.hornersciencegroup.com) for the purpose of creating, with partners, unique dinosaur experiences based on his knowledge and research, especially experiences that are accessible to all learning styles. Jack Horner's World of Dinosaurs will keep old and new dinosaur fans up to date as Jack continues to explore the world of dinosaurs and more importantly to share his fascination with people of all ages who are interested in learning more about dinosaurs and science (http://jackhornersworldofdinosaurs.com). His research, writing, lectures, consulting, and work with Universal Studios continues.

Life and career[edit]

Horner was born and raised in Shelby, Montana. He was only eight years old when he found his very first dinosaur bone.[7] He attended the University of Montana for seven years, majoring in geology and zoology. He also spent two years in the U.S. Marine Corps, serving during the Vietnam War in the Special Forces. Horner did not complete his bachelor's degree due to severe dyslexia.[8] However, he did complete a formidable senior thesis on the fauna of the Bear Gulch Limestone in Montana, which is one of the most famous Mississippian lagerstätten (or exceptionally preserved fossil site) in the world. The University of Montana awarded him an Honorary Doctorate of Science in 1986. In 1986, he was also awarded the prestigious MacArthur Fellowship.[9]

In Montana during the mid-1970s, Horner and his research partner Bob Makela discovered a colonial nesting site of a new dinosaur genus which they named Maiasaura, or "Good Mother Lizard". The baby dinosaur bones were first discovered[10] by Marion Brandvold. Horner then studied the bones, and at first, there was a refusal to return the bones to Brandvold[11][12]. It contained the first dinosaur eggs in the Western hemisphere, the first dinosaur embryos, and settled questions of whether some dinosaurs were sociable, built nests and cared for their young. The discovery established his career. Horner has named several other species of dinosaur (including Orodromeus makelai in memory of his late friend Bob Makela) and has had two named after him: Achelousaurus horneri and Anasazisaurus horneri.

Horner with a bird skeleton

Within the paleontological community, Horner is best known for his work on the cutting edge of dinosaur growth research. He has published numerous articles in collaboration with Berkeley paleontologist Kevin Padian, and French dinosaur histologist Armand de Ricqlès, on the growth of dinosaurs using growth series. This usually involves leg bones in graduated sizes from different individuals ranging in age from embryos to adults. He also revitalized the contested theory that Tyrannosaurus rex was an obligate scavenger, rather than a predatory killer. While this theory has been widely discussed by the popular press, it has never been a major research focus for Dr. Horner. Horner himself has claimed that he never published the scavenger hypothesis in the peer reviewed scientific literature, and that he used it mainly as a tool to teach a popular audience, particularly children, the dangers of making assumptions in science (such as assuming T. rex was a hunter) without using evidence.[13] In 2000, Horner's crews discovered five specimens of T. rex and three more the following summer, including one even larger than the specimen nicknamed "Sue". The specimen was 10–13 tons in weight and was 10% larger than other specimens.[3] The Museum of the Rockies, as the result of continuing fieldwork, now boasts the largest Tyrannosaurus rex collection in the world. Currently, he is working on the developmental biology of dinosaurs.[14]

Horner has published more than 100 professional papers, eight popular books including Dinosaurs Under the Big Sky;[15] a children's book, Maia: A Dinosaur Grows Up;[16] a non-fiction book on dinosaurs from Montana, Dinosaur Lives;[17] and numerous published articles. He was also a part of the 2005 discovery of soft tissue inside of a T. rex fossil. Currently, he is the Curator of Paleontology at the Museum of the Rockies, the Regent's Professor of Paleontology, adjunct curator at the National Museum of Natural History, and teaches with the Honors Program at Montana State University in Bozeman, Montana. Over the years he has advised those who have gone on to be the leading paleontologists of a new generation such as Mary Higby Schweitzer, Greg Erickson, Scott Sampson, Kristi Curry-Rogers, and David J. Varricchio. Horner was awarded an honorary doctorate by Pennsylvania State University in 2006 in recognition of his work.

In 2003, Horner discovered a fossilized tyrannosaur leg bone from which paleontologist Mary Higby Schweitzer was able to retrieve proteins in 2007.[18]

In 2009, National Geographic released a documentary entitled "Dinosaurs Decoded" which reviews Horner's research into juvenile dinosaurs. He suggests that juvenile dinosaurs looked sufficiently different from adults, and that they have sometimes been mistaken for a separate species. The program examines specific changes that occurred as dinosaurs aged and speculates on why the changes were necessary. Horner's research on the topic has gone as far as eliminating several "sub-species" of Triceratops, Pachycephalosaurus, and Tyrannosaurs. Horner also believes that if his research were to continue as much as a third of known dinosaurs would be classified under an existing species.[19]

In Las Vegas on January 15, 2012, 65-year-old Horner married Vanessa Weaver, a 19-year-old Montana State University undergraduate paleontology student.[20] The couple had divorced by August 2016, but remained friends.[5][6]

On November 2, 2013, Horner was awarded the Romer-Simpson Prize, the highest honor a paleontologist can receive from the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. [21]

On his retirement from Montana State University on July 1, 2016, the MacMillan Foundation honored Horner for his work with a $3million endowment for the John R. Horner Curator of Paleontology Chair for the Museum of the Rockies/ Montana State University - funding the work of his Paleontology successors in perpetuity.[citation needed]

In 2017, a team of researchers led by Thomas Carr of Carthage College in Kenosha, Wisconsin named a new species of Tyrannosaur, Daspletosaurus horneri after Horner.[22]

Build a Dinosaur Project[edit]

Reconstructed cast by Horner of a Maiasaura emerging from its egg

Horner's 2009 book, How to Build a Dinosaur: Extinction Doesn't Have to Be Forever,[23] describes his plan to recreate a dinosaur by genetically "nudging" the DNA of a chicken.[24] Horner's idea for the project came from an early script for Jurassic World.[25] Horner had been planning the book as early as June 2005;[26] it was originally planned to be released simultaneously with Jurassic World as a scientific companion volume.[27]

As of 2011 Horner is pursuing the project to develop the animal, which he describes as a "chickenosaurus", with a team of geneticists.[28][29][30] By November 2014, Horner and his team had conducted some of the earliest research into the embryonic development of tails. Such research may ultimately lead to new treatments for people suffering from spinal disorders. Research into the mesenchyme tissue of chicken embryos, which direct the growth of teeth, may also aid in the treatment of human sarcomas. George Lucas had funded most of the project's costs up to that point, while an additional $5 million was needed. Horner expected to have a living dinosaur within 10 years.[31]

In 2015, an independent group of scientists reported that they had found a way to turn the beaks of chicken embryos back into dinosaur-like snouts, by reverse genetic engineering.,[32] and University of Chile geneticists have produced embryos with dinosaur-like leg and foot anatomy.[33][34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sloan Science & Film". scienceandfilm.org. Retrieved 2016-06-14. 
  2. ^ Dyce, Andrew (June 13, 2015). "'Jurassic World' Easter Eggs, Trivia & 'Jurassic Park' References". Screenrant. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Sogard, Melissa (2007). "John R. "Jack" Horner, Paleontologist". Fact Monster Database. Pearson Education, Inc. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  4. ^ Kutner, Max (December 2, 2014). "The Scientist Behind "Jurassic World", Jack Horner, Breaks Down the Movie's Thrilling Trailer". Smithsonian. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Jack Horner Says He Was Let Go for Marrying 19-Year-Old Student". PEOPLE.com. 29 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Carter, Troy. "Famed paleontologist Horner says he was pushed out of museum, Krauss questions leadership". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. 
  7. ^ Gray, Veronique. "A talk with paleontologist Jack Horner". Vivamost.com. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Horner, John R. (2004). "Jack Horner: An Intellectual Autobiography". The Montana Professor. Montana State University–Northern. 14 (2). Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Jack Horner". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 27, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Baby dino bones finally back in state". The Billings Gazette. 
  11. ^ Missoulian, DARYL GADBOW of the. "Dino hunter". missoulian.com. 
  12. ^ Writer, SCOTT McMILLION Chronicle Staff. "Missing bones". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. 
  13. ^ Novella, S. "Interview with Jack Horner." The Skeptics Guide to the Universe. 14-OCT-2011. Accessed 24-OCT-2011, http://media.libsyn.com/media/skepticsguide/skepticast2009-10-14.mp3
  14. ^ Hayes, Jacqui (September 20, 2006). "Large flock of parrot-like dinosaurs uncovered". Cosmos Online. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  15. ^ Horner, John R. (2001). Dinosaurs under the Big Sky. Missoula, Mont.: Mountain Press Pub. Co. ISBN 978-0-87842-445-0. OCLC 47238733. 
  16. ^ Horner, John R.; Gorman, James; Henderson, Doug; Blumer, Terrance L. (1998). Maia: a dinosaur grows up. Bozeman, Mont.: Museum of the Rockies, Montana State University. ISBN 978-0-933819-02-3. OCLC 41846988. 
  17. ^ Horner, John R.; Dobb, Edwin (1997). Dinosaur lives: unearthing an evolutionary saga. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-017486-6. OCLC 36543406. 
  18. ^ Wilfor, John Noble (April 12, 2007). "Scientists Retrieve Proteins From Dinosaur Bone". New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  19. ^ Levitt, Dan. Dinosaurs Decoded. National Geographic. 11 Oct. 2009. Television.
  20. ^ "Regents Professor Horner Marries Paleontology Student". The MSU Exponent. 2 February 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.montana.edu/news/12241/horner-wins-lifetime-achievement-award-from-society-of-vertebrate-paleontology
  22. ^ Carr, Thomas D.; Varricchio, David J.; Sedlmayr, Jayc C.; Roberts, Eric M.; Moore, Jason R. (2017). "A new tyrannosaur with evidence for anagenesis and crocodile-like facial sensory system". Scientific Reports. Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. 7. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 
  23. ^ Horner, John R.; Gorman, James (2009). How to build a dinosaur: extinction doesn't have to be forever. New York: Dutton. ISBN 978-0-525-95104-9. OCLC 233549535. 
  24. ^ Press, Michelle (June 12, 2009). "Scientific American reviews: How to Build a Bird⊅⊅⊅⊅". Scientific American. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  25. ^ Collins, Nick (October 25, 2011). "The Jurassic Park scientist who plans to turn a chicken into T Rex". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  26. ^ Horner, John R.; Gorman, James (2010). How to Build a Dinosaur: The New Science of Reverse Evolution (2010 Plume ed.). New York: Plume. pp. 193–194. ISBN 0525951040. OCLC 233549535. Let's use the ivory-billed woodpecker as an example. […] it is generally thought to have gone extinct […] although there have been many claims of sightings, including one that was published in Science on June 3, 2005. Earlier that spring […] I was planning this book with my coauthor, Jim Gorman […]. 
  27. ^ Switek, Brian (October 25, 2011). "Why Do We Keep Going Back to Jurassic Park?". Smithsonian magazine. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  28. ^ Zetter, Kim (March 4, 2011). "Ted 2011:Hatching Dinosaurs, One Egg at a Time". Wired.com. Retrieved March 4, 2011. 
  29. ^ Horner, Jack (June 12, 2011). "Why we're creating a 'chickenosaurus'". CNN. 
  30. ^ March 2011, Jack Horner, Building a Dinosaur from a Chicken
  31. ^ Landers, Jackson (November 10, 2014). "Paleontologist Jack Horner is hard at work trying to turn a chicken into a dinosaur". The Washington Times. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  32. ^ Reverse Engineering Birds’ Beaks Into Dinosaur Bones by Carl Zimmer, NY Times, May 12, 2015
  33. ^ Botelho, João Francisco; Smith-Paredes, Daniel; Soto-Acuña, Sergio; Mpodozis, Jorge; Palma, Verónica; Vargas, Alexander O. (14 May 2015). "Skeletal plasticity in response to embryonic muscular activity underlies the development and evolution of the perching digit of birds". Scientific Reports. 5. 
  34. ^ Botelho, João Francisco; Smith-Paredes, Daniel; Soto-Acuña, Sergio; O'Connor, Jingmai; Palma, Verónica; Vargas, Alexander O. (4 March 2016). "Molecular development of fibular reduction in birds and its evolution from dinosaurs". Evolution. 70 (3). 

External links[edit]

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