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JDC residents say goodbye
JDC residents say goodbye
Published: 2012/10/30
Channel: KHQA
Save Jacksonville Developmental Center
Save Jacksonville Developmental Center
Published: 2012/03/04
Channel: SaveJDC2012
SAVE Jacksonville Developmental Center! (Please share this)!
SAVE Jacksonville Developmental Center! (Please share this)!
Published: 2011/10/22
Channel: Makei Viral
Urbex at Monson Developmental center
Urbex at Monson Developmental center
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Davee david
A Look Inside the Issue/Hunterdon Developmental Center
A Look Inside the Issue/Hunterdon Developmental Center
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: Richard French
Parker Meyers and Classmates at Bankbridge Developmental Center
Parker Meyers and Classmates at Bankbridge Developmental Center
Published: 2012/11/03
Channel: parkersmom215
Paul Register devulges that SD Developmental Center is Dangerous
Paul Register devulges that SD Developmental Center is Dangerous
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Rick Davis
Jacksonville IL- my work place biitch
Jacksonville IL- my work place biitch
Published: 2010/10/16
Channel: MzMolulu
STOP THE DEVELOPMENTAL CENTER CLOSURES! OHIO
STOP THE DEVELOPMENTAL CENTER CLOSURES! OHIO
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: mamabee613
The Jack Mabley Center
The Jack Mabley Center
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: AVP digital studios
Developmental Centers
Developmental Centers
Published: 2015/01/21
Channel: aramatelysian
JDC to be closed later this year
JDC to be closed later this year
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: KHQA
Lincoln Developmental Center
Lincoln Developmental Center
Published: 2011/05/06
Channel: northvilletunnels
Randy Krieble - A Glimpse Inside Muscatatuck State Developmental Center
Randy Krieble - A Glimpse Inside Muscatatuck State Developmental Center
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Indiana Disability History
Former JDC residents at Chicago Auto Show
Former JDC residents at Chicago Auto Show
Published: 2013/02/15
Channel: MPAGArnold
ExtraOrdinary Performs @ Sonoma Developmental Center
ExtraOrdinary Performs @ Sonoma Developmental Center
Published: 2013/11/16
Channel: studiograydance
NEW: Jim Watson Interview on possible closing of the JDC
NEW: Jim Watson Interview on possible closing of the JDC
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: KHQA
Close California Developmental Centers - Move Them Out
Close California Developmental Centers - Move Them Out
Published: 2013/10/11
Channel: On My Own Independent Living Services
JDC WEB EXCLUSIVE 1_17_12.mov
JDC WEB EXCLUSIVE 1_17_12.mov
Published: 2012/01/17
Channel: WICS ABC 20
Murder in Jacksonville
Murder in Jacksonville
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: WAND News
Manner of Death: Undetermined
Manner of Death: Undetermined
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: The Center for Investigative Reporting
Richard Meier - The Bronx Developmental Center (7/36)
Richard Meier - The Bronx Developmental Center (7/36)
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Web of Stories - Life Stories of Remarkable People
Sonoma Developmental Center Closure Forum Department of Developemental Services Part 1
Sonoma Developmental Center Closure Forum Department of Developemental Services Part 1
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: SonomaTV
Rally against police brutality Jacksonville, Il. 8-25-10
Rally against police brutality Jacksonville, Il. 8-25-10
Published: 2010/08/25
Channel: Ronald Kidd
Stop the Reckless Closure of Broome Developmental Center
Stop the Reckless Closure of Broome Developmental Center
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: BDCcares
Citizens Development Center
Citizens Development Center
Published: 2012/06/01
Channel: The City of Irving
The Story of Stockton Development Center
The Story of Stockton Development Center
Published: 2010/06/14
Channel: PublicResourceOrg
Greene Valley Developmental Center officially closes; Last residents transition to new homes
Greene Valley Developmental Center officially closes; Last residents transition to new homes
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: WJHL
Pathway Services  Open Hearts, Open Doors
Pathway Services Open Hearts, Open Doors
Published: 2013/06/18
Channel: Pathway Services Unlimited
Advocates demand more oversight at state developmental centers
Advocates demand more oversight at state developmental centers
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: KCRA News
Sonoma Developmental Center Closure Forum Department of Developmental Services Part 3
Sonoma Developmental Center Closure Forum Department of Developmental Services Part 3
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: SonomaTV
Illinois Department of Human Services - Illinois Rebalancing Initiative Success
Illinois Department of Human Services - Illinois Rebalancing Initiative Success
Published: 2013/03/08
Channel: IOCI Media Services
Parker
Parker's Prom (autism) 5-12-2017 Bankbridge Developmental Center
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: parkersmom215
news story NJ Democrats to Close Developmental Centers
news story NJ Democrats to Close Developmental Centers
Published: 2009/01/15
Channel: Geoff Dubrowsky
Rally against police brutality Jacksonville, Il. 8-25-10
Rally against police brutality Jacksonville, Il. 8-25-10
Published: 2010/08/25
Channel: Ronald Kidd
Illinois Stories Jacksonville Art Glass
Illinois Stories Jacksonville Art Glass
Published: 2012/04/19
Channel: Ron Weaver
Assemblyman Diegnan @ Woodbridge Developmental Center Closure Hearing
Assemblyman Diegnan @ Woodbridge Developmental Center Closure Hearing
Published: 2013/03/07
Channel: Patrick Diegnan
Dirtbags Support Stramski Children
Dirtbags Support Stramski Children's Developmental Center
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: lbsuathletics
Jacksonville School For Autism Spotlight Family 2017
Jacksonville School For Autism Spotlight Family 2017
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: FatheringAutism
Christie Still on Course to Close Developmental Centers
Christie Still on Course to Close Developmental Centers
Published: 2013/03/08
Channel: NJTV News
Schoenberg calls for details from Quinn on mental health facility closures
Schoenberg calls for details from Quinn on mental health facility closures
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: ILSenDems
Capitol Records Jacksonville, IL, plant - 9/6/14
Capitol Records Jacksonville, IL, plant - 9/6/14
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: mlutthans
Governor Quinn Confronted on Planned Developmental Center Closure
Governor Quinn Confronted on Planned Developmental Center Closure
Published: 2013/04/11
Channel: News/Talk 94.7 & 970 WMAY
Christmas at J. Iverson Riddle Developmental Center
Christmas at J. Iverson Riddle Developmental Center
Published: 2011/12/25
Channel: scadams1000
Storage Sheds Jacksonville Illinois, Sheds Springfield Illinois, Sheds Central IL MightySheds.com
Storage Sheds Jacksonville Illinois, Sheds Springfield Illinois, Sheds Central IL MightySheds.com
Published: 2010/10/04
Channel: Springfield IL
Jacksonville Insulation & Construction - Jacksonville, IL
Jacksonville Insulation & Construction - Jacksonville, IL
Published: 2010/05/31
Channel: yellowbook
Developmental Enrichment Centers
Developmental Enrichment Centers
Published: 2011/10/05
Channel: DevEnrichmentCenters
Vainieri Huttle on Latest Meeting of Joint Psychiatric Hospital & Developmental Center Review Panel
Vainieri Huttle on Latest Meeting of Joint Psychiatric Hospital & Developmental Center Review Panel
Published: 2011/10/17
Channel: New Jersey Assembly Democrats
Rep. Meier Introduces Murray Center legislation in the Human Services Sub-Committee
Rep. Meier Introduces Murray Center legislation in the Human Services Sub-Committee
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: Office of the Republican Leader
Jacksonville (IL) Center for the Arts - Building Project Promo
Jacksonville (IL) Center for the Arts - Building Project Promo
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Jacksonville (IL) Center for the Arts
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Jacksonville Developmental Center was an institution for developmentally delayed clients, located in Jacksonville, Illinois. It was open from 1851 to November 2012.[1] As of December 2012, the 134-acre (54 ha) grounds was still owned by the State of Illinois.[1]

History[edit]

Illinois originally did not have any system for caring for its mentally ill citizens who were either living with their family or kept in local almshouses. Dorothea Dix lobbied the state legislature to create a facility in Illinois designed for the care of the mentally ill. On March 1, 1847, the legislature established the Illinois State Asylum and Hospital for the Insane with a nine-member board of trustees that was empowered to appoint a superintendent, purchase land within four miles of Jacksonville, and construct facilities. (L. 1847, p. 52). At the time, only two other states had state-operated facilities for the mentally ill.[2] The hospital was created to shift the economic burden of the mentally ill onto the state, which paid all of the patients' expenses. However, patients (or their county of residence) remained responsible for transportation, clothing and incidentals.

At the time, institutions for the mentally ill either had a number of small cottages, or a single large central building under the Kirkbride Plan. The trustees selected Kirkbride's approach for the new institution. The center building was five and a half stories high, with two separate wings for each gender extending with staggered setbacks from the center. In 1984, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, although it was demolished in the 1970s.[3]

Construction of the buildings was begun in 1848 and James M. Higgins was hired as Superintendent. Although Dix had expressed interest that Jacksonville State Hospital be opened by 1849, it wasn't until November 3, 1851, that the first two wards were ready for occupancy and the first patient, Sophronia McElhiney, of McLean County, was admitted.

In 1860, Elizabeth P.W. Packard's husband had her committed to Jacksonville against her will, due to a disagreement over her religious beliefs. At the time, Illinois law (which was enacted when the hospital opened) had an exception to its commitment hearing requirement to allow husbands confined their wives to an asylum without any hearing. After three years, she was discharge from the hospital. Her husband then imprisoned her in their home, and after gaining her freedom through a lawsuit, she formed the Anti-Insane Asylum Society. She led a campaign to amend the Illinois law to guarantee a public hearing for all people declared insane, including women whose husbands wished to have them committed. She also saw similar laws passed in three other states.

Jacksonville remained Illinois' only such hospital until two additional facilities, the hospital at Elgin and the hospital at Anna, were authorized in 1869,[4] and the legislature renamed Jacksonville as the Illinois Central Hospital for the Insane, assumed primary responsibility for patients from the counties of central Illinois. As a part of this reorganization, the legislature also reduced the size of Jacksonville's board of trustees to three members and the newly created a new statewide Board of State Commissioners of Public Charities to supervise all state institutions while each one retained its own separate board.

When the Board of State Commissioners of Public Charities was abolished in 1909, the institute was reorganized and renamed Jacksonville State Hospital effective January 1, 1910. In 1917, the Department of Public Welfare assumed responsibility for Jacksonville State Hospital and retained control until the creation of the Illinois Department of Mental Health in 1961 (L. 1961, p. 2666).

From 1944 to 1974, the hospital provided training in psychiatric nursing for students from general hospital nursing schools. Jacksonville's Psychiatric Nursing Affiliation Program, which was headed by the State Alienist.[5]

In 1974, Jacksonville State Hospital's duties expanded beyond in-patient care of mental illness to include treatment for the *developmentally disabled." To reflect this change in mission, the legislature renamed it the Jacksonville Mental Health and Developmental Center' in 1975. (P.A. 79-581, p. 1895.) Jacksonville phased out its in-patient treatment of mental illness and its name was changed one last time to reflect its new mission.

Final years[edit]

When closed, the Jacksonville Developmental Center treated primarily developmentally delayed patients, some of whom also had mental illnesses. The center was operated by the Illinois Department of Human Services.[citation needed]

As of the end of fiscal year 2009, Jacksonville had 400 employees and an appropriation of $30,107,300.[6]

In September 2011, Governor Pat Quinn announced a plan to close the facility in February 2012 due to budget issues.[citation needed]

The last residents were moved out in late November 2012.[1]

Famous patients[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Packard, Elizabeth,The Prisoners' Hidden Life Or Insane Asylums Unveiled (1868) Kessinger Publishing, LLC (February 21, 2008) ISBN 978-0-548-83741-2.
  • Packard, Elizabeth, Marital Power Exemplified in Mrs. Packard's Trial Fred B Rothman & Co (October 1994) ISBN 978-0-8377-2552-9

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Reynolds, John (Nov 29, 2012). "Last of Jacksonville Developmental Center residents moved out". The State Journal-Register. Springfield, Illinois: GateHouse Media. 
  2. ^ Briska, William (1997). The History of Elgin Mental Health Center: Evolution of a State Hospital. Crossroads Communications. p. 9. ISBN 0-916445-45-3. 
  3. ^ http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/IL/Morgan/state.html Retrieved 2009-10-11.
  4. ^ Briska, William (1997). The History of Elgin Mental Health Center: Evolution of a State Hospital. Crossroads Communications. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-916445-45-3. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 2, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2009.  Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  6. ^ "Jacksonville Developmental Center – GRF". Retrieved 2009-10-05. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°43′09″N 90°13′47″W / 39.719248°N 90.229773°W / 39.719248; -90.229773

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