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Jacobus Stainer violin # 580
Jacobus Stainer violin # 580
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: JB Violins
Jacob Stainer, 1655 Violin Demonstration by Michael Romans
Jacob Stainer, 1655 Violin Demonstration by Michael Romans
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Brobst Violin Shop
ACO - Jörg-Michael Schwarz, Violin
ACO - Jörg-Michael Schwarz, Violin
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: American Classical Orchestra
Dan Carney Playing Jacobus Stainer Lions Head Scroll Violin
Dan Carney Playing Jacobus Stainer Lions Head Scroll Violin
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: Paul Moylan
After Jacobus Stainer 1679 baroque violin Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber
After Jacobus Stainer 1679 baroque violin Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber
Published: 2010/10/20
Channel: JKVIOLINMAKER
Jakob Stainer  - Ketzer und Genie
Jakob Stainer - Ketzer und Genie
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Stainer Schriften & Siebdruck
Jakob Stainer und seine Zeit Bericht über die Jacob Stainer Tagung Innsbruck 1983 Innsbrucker Beiträ
Jakob Stainer und seine Zeit Bericht über die Jacob Stainer Tagung Innsbruck 1983 Innsbrucker Beiträ
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Virgil Page
~ Gasparo de Saló ~ Giovanni Paolo Maggini ~ Andrea Amati ~ Stradivari ~ Guarneri ~ Jacob Stainer ~
~ Gasparo de Saló ~ Giovanni Paolo Maggini ~ Andrea Amati ~ Stradivari ~ Guarneri ~ Jacob Stainer ~
Published: 2012/06/09
Channel: Kálmán Mohácsi
Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Stecher: Es war ein wunderlicher Krieg (BWV 4)
Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Stecher: Es war ein wunderlicher Krieg (BWV 4)
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
J.s Bach Bwv1005 LARGO after Jacob Stainer
J.s Bach Bwv1005 LARGO after Jacob Stainer
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: duemusici
Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Stecher, Vivaldi-Gloria: Et in terra
Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Stecher, Vivaldi-Gloria: Et in terra
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
Baroque violin- Jacob Stainer 1630 - Cathedrale St. Pierre - Poitier.
Baroque violin- Jacob Stainer 1630 - Cathedrale St. Pierre - Poitier.
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Johhandry Daniel Pérez B.
Vivaldi Gloria (Quoniam und Cum Sancto Spiritu), Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer
Vivaldi Gloria (Quoniam und Cum Sancto Spiritu), Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer
Published: 2013/04/20
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
Jacob Stainer Violin
Jacob Stainer Violin
Published: 2012/09/09
Channel: mariomota42
Jacobu
Jacobu's Stainer 1670 ( The original of my violin )
Published: 2008/03/11
Channel: zippystn
Jacobus Stainer Vs Cremona SV-1240
Jacobus Stainer Vs Cremona SV-1240
Published: 2014/02/01
Channel: Violines Antiguos
Unknown Antique Violin, Bow, Case, Germany? Stradivari, Jacob Stainer, Amati, Cremona, 1920
Unknown Antique Violin, Bow, Case, Germany? Stradivari, Jacob Stainer, Amati, Cremona, 1920's
Published: 2011/06/04
Channel: TheRealBigWoo
Jacobus Stainer violin # 054
Jacobus Stainer violin # 054
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: JB Violins
Jacobus Stainer Style Fiddle - Demo
Jacobus Stainer Style Fiddle - Demo
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: Bernunzio Uptown Music
Barocke Knabenstimmen - Wiltener Sängerknaben - Academia Jacobus Stainer - Johannes Stecher
Barocke Knabenstimmen - Wiltener Sängerknaben - Academia Jacobus Stainer - Johannes Stecher
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
A FINE ANTIQUE JACOBUS STAINER GERMAN MADE VIOLIN, SOUND SAMPLE, EBOYINC
A FINE ANTIQUE JACOBUS STAINER GERMAN MADE VIOLIN, SOUND SAMPLE, EBOYINC
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: eboyinc
Fine, Old Jacobus Stainer Violin, Listen, Sound Sample, Eboyinc
Fine, Old Jacobus Stainer Violin, Listen, Sound Sample, Eboyinc
Published: 2012/12/23
Channel: eboyinc
Violin Demo Stainer
Violin Demo Stainer
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: Caleb Dennis
Old STAINER violin with lionhead scroll # 512
Old STAINER violin with lionhead scroll # 512
Published: 2011/11/20
Channel: JB Violins
PANIS ANGELICUS, 19th C. Jacobus Stainer Violin, Solo Sound Sample, Listen!
PANIS ANGELICUS, 19th C. Jacobus Stainer Violin, Solo Sound Sample, Listen!
Published: 2013/03/10
Channel: eboyinc
CATHEDRALE  SAINT  PIERRE DE POITIERS - france PRUEBA ACÚSTICA.  JACOB STAINER
CATHEDRALE SAINT PIERRE DE POITIERS - france PRUEBA ACÚSTICA. JACOB STAINER 'S VIOLÍN
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Johhandry Daniel Pérez B.
late 1800s Jacobus Stainer labeled violin # 497
late 1800s Jacobus Stainer labeled violin # 497
Published: 2011/10/30
Channel: JB Violins
After JACOBUS STAINER 1679 baroque violin  BACH VIOLIN SOLO SONATA BWV1001 ADAGIO
After JACOBUS STAINER 1679 baroque violin BACH VIOLIN SOLO SONATA BWV1001 ADAGIO
Published: 2010/04/26
Channel: JKVIOLINMAKER
Jacobus Stainer Fiddle
Jacobus Stainer Fiddle
Published: 2014/04/12
Channel: Bernunzio Uptown Music
Vivaldi: Domine Deus, Wiltener Sängerknabe, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Johannes Stecher
Vivaldi: Domine Deus, Wiltener Sängerknabe, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Johannes Stecher
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
Restauro di  violino Jacob Stainer - Associazione Artistica Culturale Musicale "Il Liutaio"
Restauro di violino Jacob Stainer - Associazione Artistica Culturale Musicale "Il Liutaio"
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Associazione Artistica C.M. Il Liutaio
Durham Jacob stainer 1790 violin.
Durham Jacob stainer 1790 violin.
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: Duke Durham
Jacobus Stainer violin around 1930
Jacobus Stainer violin around 1930's # 818
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: JB Violins
vintage violin, antique violin, Jacobus Stainer copy, very nice for sale
vintage violin, antique violin, Jacobus Stainer copy, very nice for sale
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Larry R
Assembled Stainer Violin
Assembled Stainer Violin
Published: 2011/02/25
Channel: Richard Perras
Old Violin #298 GREAT SOUNDING German Stainer Violin SOLD
Old Violin #298 GREAT SOUNDING German Stainer Violin SOLD
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Royce Burt
Restored Antique Jacobus Stainer after restoration.
Restored Antique Jacobus Stainer after restoration.
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: justinxxd
1 million or crap violin von Jacobus Stainer 1624 !?!
1 million or crap violin von Jacobus Stainer 1624 !?!
Published: 2013/09/12
Channel: Nick Blank
100+ years old vioin Jacobus Stainer
100+ years old vioin Jacobus Stainer
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Joelson Ethridge
Christ lag (J. S. Bach), Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer, J. Stecher
Christ lag (J. S. Bach), Wiltener Sängerknaben, Academia Jacobus Stainer, J. Stecher
Published: 2012/12/12
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
Jacobus Steiner violin
Jacobus Steiner violin
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: GannonsAntiques
Jacobus Steiner violin demo
Jacobus Steiner violin demo
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: John Tischler
♪♫# Fine old German violin labeled Jacobus Stainer バイオリン скрипка 839
♪♫# Fine old German violin labeled Jacobus Stainer バイオリン скрипка 839
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: JB Violins
Violino antigo Jacobus Stainer in Absam 1681
Violino antigo Jacobus Stainer in Absam 1681
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Rodrigo Silva Magalhaes
Stainer violin.flv
Stainer violin.flv
Published: 2012/05/30
Channel: dave cornwell
Restored Antique Jacobus Stainer violin
Restored Antique Jacobus Stainer violin
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: justinxxd
Old Stainer Violin Demo
Old Stainer Violin Demo
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: Marek Fudala
Fine old Jacobus Stainer lionhead violin ca. 1930s # 750
Fine old Jacobus Stainer lionhead violin ca. 1930s # 750
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: JB Violins
♪♫► Fine old German violin Jacobus Stainer late 1800 / early 1900 バイオリン скрипка 小提琴 683
♪♫► Fine old German violin Jacobus Stainer late 1800 / early 1900 バイオリン скрипка 小提琴 683
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: JB Violins
Schlafe mein Liebster (WO, Bach), Wiltener Sängerknabe, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Johannes Stecher
Schlafe mein Liebster (WO, Bach), Wiltener Sängerknabe, Academia Jacobus Stainer, Johannes Stecher
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: wiltenboyschoir
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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violin by J.Stainer

Jacob Stainer (c. 1619 – 1683) was the earliest and best known Austrian luthier.

Stainer was born and died in Absam, in present-day Austria. His designs influenced instrument construction in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, parts of Italy, and several other countries.

He may have been associated with the luthiers of Cremona, Italy, in particular the Amati family,[1] and with the Klotz family of violin makers of Mittenwald, Germany.[2] His instruments were the most sought-after throughout Europe until the late 18th century, when changing performance conditions led musicians to seek a different sound.

The instruments of Antonio Stradivari are flatter and broader and produce a more powerful sound than others. This became the sound preferred by musicians as orchestras in large concert halls gradually replaced baroque chamber ensembles in intimate settings.

Stainer’s violins are comparatively rare today and few of his violas, cellos, and basses are known to exist. They are highly sought after by musicians who perform early music on period instruments.

Biography[edit]

Jacob Stainer was one of the most famous luthiers of his time in Europe before Stradivari, and the only non-Italian luthier to rank at the top of that artistic craft. Until orchestral music replaced chamber music as the dominant form, Stainer's violins were more sought-after even than Stradivari's. He was born around 1619 in Absam; paternal ancestors were from South Tyrol and the father worked in the salt mines. His mother Barbara Pomberger and her parents, Joachim and Anne Posch, were from Absam. The Stainers lived in Absam in Breitweg near the blacksmith.

Jacob attended the school until 1630, probably learned Latin and spoke Italian. He was sent to Innsbruck to learn the art of organ building with Daniel Hertz, but not being inclined to the work was directed towards the construction of violins. In this field a good knowledge of technical, artistic, drawing, carving and materials is needed. He then completed an apprenticeship in joinery with a relative, Hanns Grafinger. In 1644 he went to Cremona to complete his training as a luthier, possibly with Nicolò Amati, although his name does not appear on the lists of Amati's apprentices; a violin made c.1645 has been cited with an original label at the top block stating: ‘Jacob Stainer/ fecit Cremona 16..’;[3] perhaps he also went to Venice to work for a short period with Vermercati.

The following year he opened his workshop and married, on November 26, Margarete Holzhammer with whom he had eight children. Stainer continued to produce outstanding instruments for court musicians and for the orchestra of the cathedrals of Innsbruck, Salzburg, Munich, Nuremberg, Bolzano, Merano, Bressanone and the court of Spain. In 1656 he achieved success and bought a house, now known as "House of Jacob Stainer," in which he built his instruments, including the most precious one, preserved at the Tiroler Landesmuseum (Ferdinandeum) Innsbruck.[4][5]

In 1658 Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria awarded him the honour of "servant of the Archduke" until 1662 when the Archduke died; in 1669 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor appointed him "Imperial servant". The same year he was arrested in Innsbruck, having been found in possession of books concerning Lutheranism, and had to do an act of repentance; between 1670 and 1679 he continued to receive orders from the church. In 1680, probably due to persecution as a heretic, he fell into a manic-depressive syndrome, dying three years later in Absam.[6]

Characteristic features of his instruments[edit]

Carved head of lion
  • Broad lower back;
  • pronounced higher arching of the belly than the back;
  • highly skilled craftsmanship, particularly displayed in cut scrolls and occasionally carved heads of lions, angels, or women; and
  • varnish ranging in color from amber to orange-red, comparable in brilliance to Cremonese varnish.[7]


Production[edit]

Stainer's production can be divided into three distinct periods: the first, including the stay in Italy, from the beginning until 1620, the second until 1667 and the third until his death. The first and the third periods are considered the best, especially for the quality of the instruments produced. Stainer produced a few violas, including a viola di bordone and a viola bastarda, and only a few cellos that are a rarity.[8] Several of his instruments are preserved in museums, including the Tiroler Landesmuseum in Innsbruck and the Lobkowicz Palace in Prague.

Stainer always produced his instruments, more than 300, by himself and never allowed apprentices to create a school in order to hand down his expertise.

Stainer's label[edit]

Stainer-Zettel.JPG
Jacobus Stainer
ex Absam prope Oenipontum
fecit Cremonae

Translation: "Jacob Stainer from Absam near Innsbruck made this in Cremona."

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pearce, Joseph. Violins and Violin Makers: Biographical Dictionary of the Great Italian Artistes, Their Followers and Imitators, to the Present Time. with Essays on Important Subjects Connected with the Violin. London: Longman and co, 1866. Print."Google Books"
  2. ^ Peterffy, Ernest. Music and Youth, April 1926, cited in The Rockford Register-Gazette, May 17, 1926. Helen Fish, "Klotz First of Violin Makers of Mittenwald", p. 15. "Search Klotz Violin Illinois"
  3. ^ Dilworth, John (2012). The Brompton's Book of Violin and Bow Makers. Usk Publishing. ISBN 9780957349902. 
  4. ^ (in German) Gemeinde Absam: Jacob Stainer
  5. ^ (in English) Region Hall-Wattens Jakob Stainer
  6. ^ (in German) Geschichte Tirol: Absam
  7. ^ (in English) Encyclopaedia Smithsonian
  8. ^ (in English) Encyclopaedia Smithsonian

External links[edit]

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