Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
Published: 2013/12/12
Channel: Thomas Hewes
This Day In History : The Birth of Fr. Jacques Marquette 06-10
This Day In History : The Birth of Fr. Jacques Marquette 06-10
Published: 2011/06/10
Channel: ChurchMilitant Archives
The French Explorers  The Exploration of the Mississippi River  Marquette  Jolliet  and LaSalle  167
The French Explorers The Exploration of the Mississippi River Marquette Jolliet and LaSalle 167
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Angie Robey-Stream
Jacques Marquette
Jacques Marquette
Published: 2011/02/16
Channel: inuyashaxkogome
The Expedition of Marquette and Jolliet  1672
The Expedition of Marquette and Jolliet 1672
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Jay Kelley
Marquette and Joliet
Marquette and Joliet
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: MrRodriguezJ17
Jacques Marquette video
Jacques Marquette video
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: cgarner76pcsc
Inauguration des Lycées Jacques Marquette et Jean Hanzelet
Inauguration des Lycées Jacques Marquette et Jean Hanzelet
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: PAM TV
World Explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette
World Explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: BETTERIZE
Jacques Marquette - Cheat
Jacques Marquette - Cheat
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Benjamin Karic
Jacques Marquette - Fall is Here
Jacques Marquette - Fall is Here
Published: 2013/05/24
Channel: Spindle Room
Jacques Marquette in the FeedBands Music Room
Jacques Marquette in the FeedBands Music Room
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Robbie O
Jacques Marquette at Brooklyn Bowl
Jacques Marquette at Brooklyn Bowl
Published: 2012/01/17
Channel: keith99h
Jacques Marquette School project **SUBS WATCH AT OWN RISK**
Jacques Marquette School project **SUBS WATCH AT OWN RISK**
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: trevor cook
Andy Burri of Jacques Marquette
Andy Burri of Jacques Marquette
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: 75heroStreet
Jacques Marquette - Help
Jacques Marquette - Help
Published: 2012/03/08
Channel: Andrew Burri
Jacques Marquette //  2-1-13
Jacques Marquette // 2-1-13
Published: 2013/02/02
Channel: 75heroStreet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliiet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliiet
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: 5 Boekhoff
Best of Chorale Marquette
Best of Chorale Marquette
Published: 2011/12/23
Channel: PAM TV
Father Jacques Marquette
Father Jacques Marquette's landing in St. Ignace 2014
Published: 2014/08/30
Channel: Bob Jr
Le D-Day de Marquette
Le D-Day de Marquette
Published: 2014/06/06
Channel: PAM TV
New restaurant Jacques
New restaurant Jacques' open at Marquette Hotel in Minneapolis
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: KARE 11
Jacques Marquette
Jacques Marquette
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: TPSProjects
Jacques Marquette & Vasco da Gama 5L
Jacques Marquette & Vasco da Gama 5L
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Robert Luciano
Pere Marquette Memorial, St Ignace  - REAL USA Ep. 106
Pere Marquette Memorial, St Ignace - REAL USA Ep. 106
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: RealUnitedStatesVlog
The Adventures of Marquette and Joliet
The Adventures of Marquette and Joliet
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Austin Knaack
Marquette - Documentary Trailer - REAL USA
Marquette - Documentary Trailer - REAL USA
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: RealUSAPictures
Class Interview with Father Jacques Marquette
Class Interview with Father Jacques Marquette
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Jacqueline Proper
Jolliet and Marquette Song (US History)
Jolliet and Marquette Song (US History)
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: ELIZABETH KIELKUCKI
The Great Explorer Marquette
The Great Explorer Marquette
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: cgarner76pcsc
JACQUES MARQUETTE MISSISSIPPI NEWS 24
JACQUES MARQUETTE MISSISSIPPI NEWS 24
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: 1122adrianna
July 2 - Pere Marquette
July 2 - Pere Marquette
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: Sandner Music
Chorégraphie de danse pour le bac. Lycée Jacques marquette.
Chorégraphie de danse pour le bac. Lycée Jacques marquette.
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: Allan Roussel-garçon
Tab01 Marquette and Joliet
Tab01 Marquette and Joliet
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Charles Harrell
The Mississippi Voyage of Jolliet & Marquette
The Mississippi Voyage of Jolliet & Marquette
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: NATASHA FERGUSON
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado & Jacques Marquette 5L
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado & Jacques Marquette 5L
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Robert Luciano
Jacques Marquette & Prince Henry  5L
Jacques Marquette & Prince Henry 5L
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Robert Luciano
The French Explorers The Exploration of the Mississippi River Marquette Jolliet and LaSall
The French Explorers The Exploration of the Mississippi River Marquette Jolliet and LaSall
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Kenny Vallejo
Caillou and Jacque Marquette; FREESTYLE. Loljk.
Caillou and Jacque Marquette; FREESTYLE. Loljk.
Published: 2011/11/21
Channel: Shont
"Let
"Let's Go Exploring" - Marquette and Joliet Song
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Kari Schiefelbein
How to Pronounce Jacques Marquette - Correct Pronunciation
How to Pronounce Jacques Marquette - Correct Pronunciation
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Correct Pronunciation
Joliet and Marquette
Joliet and Marquette
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: Lauren Barbato
The Portage: Marquette-Jolliet Expedition re-enactment
The Portage: Marquette-Jolliet Expedition re-enactment
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Timothy C Platt, MSM
Marquette and Alger Counties Youth Asset Report Presentation
Marquette and Alger Counties Youth Asset Report Presentation
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Grow & Lead: Community and Youth Development
Father Marquette Travel Narration
Father Marquette Travel Narration
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: lakotawolff
MUPT Council Minute Update with Father Marquette
MUPT Council Minute Update with Father Marquette
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Marisa Halbur
Surveillance aims to deter Father Marquette statue vandalism
Surveillance aims to deter Father Marquette statue vandalism
Published: 2014/05/09
Channel: ABC 10 UP
Father Marquette Education Auction
Father Marquette Education Auction
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: TV6 & FOX UP
OBM - Explorer - Jacques Marquette
OBM - Explorer - Jacques Marquette
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Our Best Moments
Drumming Circle @ Father Marquette
Drumming Circle @ Father Marquette's Grave Site & Mission
Published: 2008/06/17
Channel: Dr.Dave Hillis
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jacques Marquette
Pere Marquette closup.JPG
1869 portrait of Marquette
Born (1637-06-01)June 1, 1637
Laon, Kingdom of France
Died May 18, 1675(1675-05-18) (aged 37)
near Ludington, Michigan
Other names Pere Marquette


Father Jacques Marquette S.J. (June 1, 1637 – May 18, 1675),[1] sometimes known as Père Marquette or James Marquette,[2] was a French Jesuit missionary who founded Michigan's first European settlement, Sault Ste. Marie, and later founded St. Ignace, Michigan. In 1673 Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to explore and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River.

Biography[edit]

Jacques Marquette was born at Laon, France, on June 1, 1637, and joined the Society of Jesus at age 17.[3] After he worked and taught in France for several years, the Jesuits assigned him to New France in 1666 as a missionary to the indigenous peoples of the Americas. He showed great proficiency in learning the local languages, especially Huron. In 1668 Father Marquette was moved by his superiors to missions farther up the St. Lawrence River in the western Great Lakes region. He helped found missions at Sault Ste. Marie in present-day Michigan in 1668, St. Ignace in 1671 (St. Ignace Mission),[3] and at La Pointe, on Lake Superior near the present-day city of Ashland, Wisconsin. At La Pointe he encountered members of the Illinois tribes, who told him about the important trading route of the Mississippi River. They invited him to teach their people, whose settlements were mostly farther south. Because of wars between the Hurons at La Pointe and the neighboring Lakota people, Father Marquette left the mission and went to the Straits of Mackinac; he informed his superiors about the rumored river and requested permission to explore it.

Pere Marquette and the Indians [at the Mississippi River], oil painting (1869) by Wilhelm Lamprecht (1838–1906), at Marquette University[4]

Leave was granted, and in 1673 Marquette joined the expedition of Louis Jolliet, a French-Canadian explorer. They departed from St. Ignace on May 17, with two canoes and five voyageurs of French-Indian ancestry (Métis).[3] They followed Lake Michigan to Green Bay and up the Fox River, nearly to its headwaters. From there, they were told to portage their canoes a distance of slightly less than two miles through marsh and oak plains to the Wisconsin River. Many years later, at that point the town of Portage, Wisconsin was built, named for the ancient path between the two rivers. From the portage, they ventured forth, and on June 17 they entered the Mississippi near present-day Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin.

The Joliet-Marquette expedition traveled to within 435 miles (700 km) of the Gulf of Mexico but turned back at the mouth of the Arkansas River. By this point they had encountered several natives carrying European trinkets, and they feared an encounter with explorers or colonists from Spain.[5] They followed the Mississippi back to the mouth of the Illinois River, which they learned from local natives provided a shorter route back to the Great Lakes. They reached Lake Michigan near the site of modern-day Chicago, by way of the Chicago Portage. In September Marquette stopped at the mission of St. Francis Xavier, located in present-day Green Bay, Wisconsin, while Jolliet returned to Quebec to relate the news of their discoveries.

Marquette wintered here (now Chicago) in 1674–75
Grave of Marquette, St. Ignace, Michigan.

Marquette and his party returned to the Illinois Territory in late 1674, becoming the first Europeans to winter in what would become the city of Chicago. As welcomed guests of the Illinois Confederation, the explorers were feasted en route and fed ceremonial foods such as sagamite.[6]

In the spring of 1675, Marquette traveled westward and celebrated a public mass at the Grand Village of the Illinois near Starved Rock. A bout of dysentery which he had contracted during the Mississippi expedition sapped his health. On the return trip to St. Ignace, he died at age 37 near the modern town of Ludington, Michigan.

A Michigan Historical Marker at this location reads:

The Ojibway Museum on State Street in downtown St. Ignace is in a building that was constructed adjacent to Marquette's gravesite during urban development.

Legacy and honors[edit]

Father Marquette is memorialized in the names of many towns, geographical locations, parks, a major university, and other institutions:

In addition, statues in Marquette's honor have been erected in several places, including the Prairie du Chien Post Office; Parliament Building, Quebec, Canada; at Marquette University; Detroit, Michigan; and Fort Mackinac, Michigan. Other types of memorials were erected, including those at his birthplace in Laon, France; and St. Mary's Church, Utica, Illinois.

The Legler Branch of the Chicago Public Library displays "Wilderness, Winter River Scene," a restored mural by Midwestern artist R. Fayerweather Babcock. The mural depicts Father Jacques Marquette and Native Americans trading by a river. Commissioned for Legler Branch in 1934, the mural was funded by the Works Projects Administration.[12]

Marquette Trans-Mississippi
1898 issue
Marquette explorer 300th
1968 issue

Marquette was honored on the one-cent Trans-Mississippi Exposition issue, which shows him on the Mississippi River[13] and by a 6-cent stamp issued September 20, 1968. It was the 300th anniversary of his establishing the oldest permanent settlement in Michigan at Sault Sainte Marie.[14]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jacques Marquette". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  2. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia (1913): Archdiocese of Chicago, Retrieved February 23, 2012
  3. ^ a b c ""Jacques Marquette", Biography". biography.com. 
  4. ^ The painting was rendered as an engraving on a US commemorative postage stamp, 1898 (Illustration)
  5. ^ Catton, Bruce (1984). Michigan: A History, p. 14. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-30175-3
  6. ^ "Odd Wisconsin Archive: Beer and Sweet Corn". wisconsinhistory.org. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. 
  8. ^ "Bibliography on Marquette County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Focus on our history: How county was named". Ludington Daily News. October 3, 1987. p. 2. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Term: Marquette, Jacques 1637 – 1675". wisconsinhistory.org. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Home | Marquette Transportation Company". marquettetrans.com. Marquette Transportation Company LLC. 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  12. ^ Chicago Public Library. Legler Branch.
  13. ^ Haimann, Alexander T., "Arago: people, postage & the post. 1-cent Marquette on the Mississippi". National Postal Museum. Accessed May 2, 2017.
  14. ^ Tessa Sabol. "Trans-Mississippi Exposition Commemorative Stamp Issue and National Identity at the Turn of the Twentieth Century". National Postal Museum. Accessed May 2, 2017.

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license