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200 th anniversary of the jaffna Central College procession
200 th anniversary of the jaffna Central College procession
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Athavan News
Jaffna Central College - 2016/17 Cricket Preview
Jaffna Central College - 2016/17 Cricket Preview
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: ThePapare.com
jaffna central college bigmatch song
jaffna central college bigmatch song
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: Anon Kumar
Jaffna Central College | Inter House Athletic Meet 2017 | Athavan TV
Jaffna Central College | Inter House Athletic Meet 2017 | Athavan TV
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Athavan TV
Jaffna Central College teachers
Jaffna Central College teachers
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: newjaffna boys
Jaffna Central College
Jaffna Central College
Published: 2010/02/25
Channel: newjaffna boys
Jaffna Central College
Jaffna Central College
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: newjaffna boys
Jaffna Central College v St.John
Jaffna Central College v St.John's College - Day 1
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: ThePapare.com
Jaffna Central Vs St Jones 1980 cricket
Jaffna Central Vs St Jones 1980 cricket
Published: 2011/10/15
Channel: jccfriends
Central Nite - V
Central Nite - V
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: Jaffna Central College
Central Nite - V
Central Nite - V
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: Jaffna Central College
Jaffna Central College v St.John
Jaffna Central College v St.John's College - Day 3
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: ThePapare.com
jaffna Central college song 200year
jaffna Central college song 200year
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: jana
JAFFNA CENTRAL COLLEGE
JAFFNA CENTRAL COLLEGE
Published: 2012/06/06
Channel: regi nolt
Jaffna Central College Big Match Song- 2012
Jaffna Central College Big Match Song- 2012
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: Jaffnavoice
111th Battle of the North - Jaffna Central College v St. John’s College – Day 1
111th Battle of the North - Jaffna Central College v St. John’s College – Day 1
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: ThePapare.com
Jaffna Central College v St.John
Jaffna Central College v St.John's College - Day 2
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: ThePapare.com
Jaffna Central College of Education is the foundation of tradition
Jaffna Central College of Education is the foundation of tradition
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Lankasri News
jaffna central college
jaffna central college
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: raja geevan
111th Battle of the North - Jaffna Central College v St. John’s College – Day 2
111th Battle of the North - Jaffna Central College v St. John’s College – Day 2
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: ThePapare.com
Jaffna Central College Big Match Song- 2013
Jaffna Central College Big Match Song- 2013
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Jaffnavoice
Jaffna central colllege
Jaffna central colllege
Published: 2013/07/18
Channel: jaffnatvnews
Jaffna Central College 27.02.2010.wmv
Jaffna Central College 27.02.2010.wmv
Published: 2010/02/27
Channel: darsan1982
Jaffna Central College Hymn (By. Johnny Frington.)
Jaffna Central College Hymn (By. Johnny Frington.)
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: Johnny george
Jaffna Central London First OBA gathering 1986 with Principal Sabalingam 7 of 10
Jaffna Central London First OBA gathering 1986 with Principal Sabalingam 7 of 10
Published: 2011/10/16
Channel: jccfriends
Jaffna Central College Battel Of The North 2014 music & sing Jegathees Aruna lyrics  Yarlnilavan sha
Jaffna Central College Battel Of The North 2014 music & sing Jegathees Aruna lyrics Yarlnilavan sha
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: Jegathees Aruna
Jaffna Central College: My 1970s Batch: Japakam Varuthe..( நண்பேன்டா )
Jaffna Central College: My 1970s Batch: Japakam Varuthe..( நண்பேன்டா )
Published: 2012/10/08
Channel: vjseelan
Jaffna Central College 2013 Carol (special song) By: Christian Union (JCC)
Jaffna Central College 2013 Carol (special song) By: Christian Union (JCC)
Published: 2014/02/02
Channel: Johnny george
Jaffna Central College v St. John’s College | 111th Battle of the North – Day 1
Jaffna Central College v St. John’s College | 111th Battle of the North – Day 1
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: athirady 2017
Vanakkam Thainadu |  Velanai Central College - Jaffna | 07.02.17 | Part 01
Vanakkam Thainadu | Velanai Central College - Jaffna | 07.02.17 | Part 01
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: IBC Tamil
Jaffna Central celebrates 200 years on Sep 17, 2016, Toronto. Interview
Jaffna Central celebrates 200 years on Sep 17, 2016, Toronto. Interview
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: TheTamilMirror
2012 Jaffna  Central sports meet 1.30 pm Jcc Band
2012 Jaffna Central sports meet 1.30 pm Jcc Band
Published: 2012/06/07
Channel: regi nolt
JAFFNA CENTRAL COLLEGE SPORTSMEET 2011
JAFFNA CENTRAL COLLEGE SPORTSMEET 2011
Published: 2011/02/20
Channel: sri praveen
Big Match Fever johnians Theme Song 2017 Aaron & Voranzov
Big Match Fever johnians Theme Song 2017 Aaron & Voranzov
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Voranzov
INUVIL CENTRAL COLLEGE  2011 A/L
INUVIL CENTRAL COLLEGE 2011 A/L
Published: 2013/09/01
Channel: Karunakaran Senthuran
Maruthanarmadam  , Jaffna Market, Jaffna Central College, Dutch Fort, Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
Maruthanarmadam , Jaffna Market, Jaffna Central College, Dutch Fort, Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Philip Veersingam
Central College Annual Awards Ceremony In Jaffna
Central College Annual Awards Ceremony In Jaffna
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Lankasri News
Maruthamalai @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Maruthamalai @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
My Jaffna Central College Big Match Song - Jaffna gobi
My Jaffna Central College Big Match Song - Jaffna gobi
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Jaffna Gobi
Mal Maruga @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Mal Maruga @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
CENTRAL COLLEGE JAFFNA 2010 photos
CENTRAL COLLEGE JAFFNA 2010 photos
Published: 2010/02/21
Channel: lipoosan
Shankarabharanam -- @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Shankarabharanam -- @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
Save the Sport sport campaign organized at the Jaffna Central College.
Save the Sport sport campaign organized at the Jaffna Central College.
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Petroleummin Media
'Villu Paaddu' by Vembadi & Jaffna Central College past students, Sep 17, 2016, Toronto.
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: TheTamilMirror
Jaffna /Varany central college
Jaffna /Varany central college
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Jaffna Boys
jAFFNA CENTRAL PRIZE DAY 10 10 2012
jAFFNA CENTRAL PRIZE DAY 10 10 2012
Published: 2012/10/10
Channel: Thinasary News
Roja Malare Rajakumari @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Roja Malare Rajakumari @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
Karpagavalli -- @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Karpagavalli -- @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
Ullam Thedathey @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Ullam Thedathey @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match 2012
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
Nan Pasa Nenaippathaillam -- @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match
Nan Pasa Nenaippathaillam -- @ Jaffna Central College OBA vs Royal College, Over 50s Cricket Match
Published: 2012/01/15
Channel: vjseelan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Jaffna Central College
யாழ்ப்பாணம் மத்திய கல்லூரி
Jaffna Central College Crest.jpg
Address
Jaffna Central College is located in Jaffna Central
Jaffna Central College
Jaffna Central College
Location in central Jaffna
Rajendra Prasath Road
Jaffna, Jaffna District, Northern Province
Sri Lanka
Coordinates 9°39′41.90″N 80°0′51.20″E / 9.6616389°N 80.0142222°E / 9.6616389; 80.0142222Coordinates: 9°39′41.90″N 80°0′51.20″E / 9.6616389°N 80.0142222°E / 9.6616389; 80.0142222
Information
School type Public national 1AB
Motto In gloriam Dei optimi maximi
(Unto the glory of God, the best and the highest)
Founded 1817
Founder Rev. James Lynch
Rev. Thomas Squance
School district Jaffna Education Zone
Authority Ministry of Education
School number 1001002
Principal S. K. Elilventhan
Teaching staff 124
Grades 1-13
Gender Boys
Age range 5-18
Language Tamil
English
Slogan Central's flag must never be lowered
School roll 2,130
Website
Jaffna Central College.jpg

Jaffna Central College (Tamil: யாழ்ப்பாணம் மத்திய கல்லூரி Yāḻppāṇam Mattiya Kallūri, JCC) is a national school in Jaffna, Sri Lanka.[1][2] Founded in 1817 by British Methodist missionaries, it is one of Sri Lanka's oldest schools.

History[edit]

In 1813 the Methodist's British Conference approved the establishment of missions in Ceylon, Java and the Cape of Good Hope.[3] On 30 December 1813 Dr Coke, seven missionaries (William Ault, Benjamin Clough, George Erskine, Martin Harvard, James Lynch, Thomas H. Squance) and two of the missionaries' wives left Portsmouth and sailed to Ceylon. Mrs Ault and Dr. Coke died on the journey. When the arrived in Bombay they had little money but they were helped by Governor Evan Nepean and W. T. Money, a merchant. Five of the missionaries (Ault, Clough, Erskine, Lynch and Squance) sailed from Bombay on 20 June 1814 and arrived in Galle on the south coast of Ceylon on 29 June 1814.[3][4] On 11 July 1814 the missionaries gathered together to decide who would be stationed where – Lynch and Squance were to go to Jaffna in the north; Ault was to go to Batticaloa in the east; Erskine was to go to Matara in the south; and Clough was to remain in Galle.[3] Clough was later joined by Harvard and his wife. Lynch and Squance left Galle on 14 July 1814 and arrived in Jaffna on 10 August 1814 where they established the Wesleyan Methodist Mission, North Ceylon.[5]

On 1 August 1816 the mission purchased from the government the former orphanage situated opposite the esplanade in Jaffna.[6] In 1817 the Jaffna Wesleyan English School was founded with Rev. Lynch as principal.[5][7][8] The school transferred to the Vembadi site in 1825.[5] The school was renamed Jaffna Central School in 1834 by the then principal Rev. Dr. Peter Percival.[5][9] In the same year a separate girls school was established which was renamed Vembadi Girls' High School in 1897. JCC prospered, becoming affiliated to Madras University (1869) and Calcutta University (1897).[5][10]

In 1945 JCC started providing free education.[5] Most private schools in Ceylon, including JCC, were taken over by the government in 1960.[5] In 1994 JCC became a national school.[5]

JCC's principal Kanapathy Rajadurai was shot dead on 12 October 2005 in Jaffna.[11]

Crest[edit]

JCC's crest and colours were introduced in 1901 by Romaine Cooke, the then vice-principal.[12] The lower arc of the crest contains JCC's moto: In gloriam Dei optimi maximi (Unto the glory of God, the best and the highest). The key symbolises JCC being an instrument that unlocks those leading to knowledge. The yarl symbolises JCC's host city Jaffna. The rising sun symbolises the light of learning that radiates from JCC.

Big Match[edit]

JCC play St. John's College, Jaffna in an annual cricket match known as the Battle of the North or the Battle of the Blues.[13][14][15] The first match took place in 1904.[16][17]

Principals[edit]

[18][19][20][21]

  • 1816 Rev. James Lynch
  • 1819 Rev. James Lynch
  • 1820-24 Rev. Robert Carver
  • 1825 Rev. Joseph Roberts
  • 1834-51 Rev. Dr. Peter Percival
  • 1852-54 Rev. John Walton
  • 1855 Rev. William Barber
  • 1859-61 Rev. William Talbot
  • 1862-66 Rev. John Mitchell
  • 1867-70 Rev. John O. Rhodes
  • 1870-72 Rev. D.P. Niles (acting)
  • 1873-74 Rev. Samuel R. Wilkin
  • 1874-76 Rev. William R. Winston
  • 1877-78 Edward Strutt
  • 1879-81 Fredrick M. Webster
  • 1882 Thomas Little
  • 1883 William J. G. Bestall
  • 1884 Joseph West
  • 1885-86 Rev. A. E. Restarick
  • 1886-87 Rev. D. P. Niles (acting)
  • 1888-89 Rev. Sheldon Knapp
  • 1890 Rev. E. Middleton Weaver
  • 1891-93 Rev. W. T. Garret
  • 1894-95 Rev. Gabriel Leese
  • 1896-98 Rev. W. T. Garret
  • 1899 Rev. George B. Robeson (acting)
  • 1900 Rev. E. O. Martin
  • 1901 Rev. Arthur Lockwood
  • 1901-03 Rev. W. T. Garret
  • 1903-08 Rev. W. M. P. Wilkes
  • 1908-10 Rev. H. A. Meek
  • 1910-16 Rev. W. M. P. Wilkes
  • 1916 Rev. E. T. Selby (acting)
  • 1917-21 Rev. Harold Bullough
  • 1921 Rev. H.R. Cornish (acting)
  • 1922-26 Rev. Percy T. Cash
  • 1927 J. K. Chanmukam (acting)
  • 1928-32 Rev. Percy T. Cash
  • 1933 R. J. Seal (acting)
  • 1934-39 Rev. Percy T. Cash
  • 1940-42 R. S. D. Williams
  • 1943-44 J. W. Arudpragasam
  • 1945-55 Rev. C. A. Smith
  • 1949 J. C. Charles (acting)
  • 1956-62 Rev. Dr. D. T. Niles[22]
  • 1962-64 A. E. Tamber[23]
  • 1964-71 E. Sabalingam[24]
  • 1971-80 E. K. Shanmuganathan
  • 1980-82 N. S. Rathinasingham[25][26]
  • 1983-90 V. Balasuntharam
  • 1990 N. Rasaratnam
  • 1990-96 N. K. Shanmuganathapillai
  • 1996 S. Sivanrooban (acting)
  • 1996-05 K. Rajadurai[11][27]
  • 2006-08 S. Pathmanathan (acting)
  • 2009-11 L. Ongaramoorthy
  • 2011- S. K. Elilventhan

Notable alumni[edit]

Name Notability Reference
Appapillai, V.V. Appapillai physicist, dean – Faculty of Science University of Ceylon (1970–1979) [28]
Arulkumaran, SabaratnamSabaratnam Arulkumaran physician, president Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2007–2010), president International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (2012–2015), president British Medical Association (2013–2014) [29][30]
Arulnandhy, K. S.K. S. Arulnandhy teacher, academic, Deputy Director of Education (1946–1950) [31]
Arumugam, J. N.J. N. Arumugam Permanent Secretary – Ministry of Transport and Works [32]
Canagaratnam, A.A. Canagaratnam member Legislative CouncilNorthern Province South (1924–1930) [33]
Devananda, DouglasDouglas Devananda member parliamentJaffna (1994–present) [34][35]
Duraiswamy, WaithilingamWaithilingam Duraiswamy member State Council of Ceylon – Kayts (1936–1947), Legislative CouncilNorthern Province West (1924–1930), Northern Province (1921–1924) [36]
Duraiswamy, YogendraYogendra Duraiswamy Government Agent – Jaffna (1979–1982) [37][38]
Ethirveerasingam, NagalingamNagalingam Ethirveerasingam athlete (1952 Olympics, 1956 Olympics, 1958 Commonwealth Games, 1954 Asian Games, 1958 Asian Games (gold medalist – high jump)) [39][40]
Mailvaganam, A. W.A. W. Mailvaganam Dean – Faculty of Science University of Ceylon (1948–1954) [41][42]
Abdul Majeed, M. A.M. A. Abdul Majeed member parliamentPottuvil (1960–1977), Sammanthurai (1977–1988), National List (1989–1994) [43]
Nadarajah, K. V.K. V. Nadarajah member parliamentBandarawela (1947–1952) [44]
Navalar, ArumukaArumuka Navalar Hindu revivalist [45]
Navaratnam, V. N.V. N. Navaratnam member parliamentChavakachcheri (1956–1983) [46][47]
Niles, D. T.D. T. Niles pastor, evangelist, president Ceylon Methodist Conference (1964–1970) [48]
Pathirana, JayaJaya Pathirana member parliamentKurunegala (1961–1965), Supreme Court Judage (1972–1978) [49]
Paul, S. C.S. C. Paul surgeon [50]
Raheem, S. A.S. A. Raheem member parliamentMannar (1974–1977) [51][52]
Rajaratnam, J. M.J. M. Rajaratnam Vice President Singer Company [53]
Rudrakumaran, VisvanathanVisvanathan Rudrakumaran Prime Minister Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam [54]
Sabapathy, A.A. Sabapathy member Legislative Council (1917–1921) [55]
Selvadurai, NevinsNevins Selvadurai member State Council (1934–1935) [56]
Shanmugarajah, N.N. Shanmugarajah general manager Ceylon Electricity Board [57]
Sittampalam, C.C. Sittampalam member parliamentMannar (1947–1956) [58]
Sriskandan, KanagaratnamKanagaratnam Sriskandan Chief Highway Engineer Department for Transport (UK) [59][60]
Sriskandarajah, P.P. Sriskandarajah Supreme Court Judge (1962–1967) [61]
Surendran, A. R.A. R. Surendran President's Counsel [62][63]
Suthersan, SuthanSuthan Suthersan Environmental engineer [64]
Tampoe, RobinRobin Tampoe filmmaker [65]
Thambiah, HerbertHerbert Thambiah Chief Justice (1991), Supreme Court Judge (1984–1992) [66]
Thambiah, HenryHenry Thambiah Supreme Court Judge (1960–1972) [67][68][69]
Thamotheram, VincentVincent Thamotheram Supreme Court Judge (1970–1980) [70]
Thiagarajah, DanielDaniel Thiagarajah Bishop of Jaffna (2006–present) [71]
Thiviyanathan, J.J. Thiviyanathan member parliamentAmpara (1989–1984) [72]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Schools Basic Data as at 01.10.2010. Northern Provincial Council. 2010. 
  2. ^ "Province – Northern" (PDF). Schools Having Bilingual Education Programme. Ministry of Education. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Martyn 1923, p. 162.
  4. ^ Martyn 1923, p. 11.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Milestones in the history of JCC". Old Boys Association' (Canada). 
  6. ^ "Brief History of Jaffna central College". Old Boys' Association (Jaffna). 
  7. ^ "From T. D. S. A. Dissanayake's 'War or Peace...' – University entrance: standardisation suicidal". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka). 29 June 2003. 
  8. ^ "‘Govt to make Sri Lanka trilingual'". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 7 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Martyn 1923, p. 17.
  10. ^ Martyn 1923, p. 179.
  11. ^ a b "Jaffna Central College Principal shot, succumbs to wounds". TamilNet. 12 October 2005. 
  12. ^ "School Crest". Old Boys Association' (Canada). 
  13. ^ "Jaffna big match starts Thursday". TamilNet. 9 March 2006. 
  14. ^ Ratnayake, Samiddha (21 February 2010). "The tradition lives on". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 
  15. ^ "Big Match: St. John's and Jaffna Central draw their 106th encounter". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 10 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "‘Battle of North' begins in Jaffna". TamilNet. 26 February 2010. 
  17. ^ "The Centenary 'Battle of the North'". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 16 March 2004. Archived from the original on 21 December 2004. 
  18. ^ "Past Principals". Jaffna Central College. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. 
  19. ^ Manickavasagar, K. (2 January 2007). "Jaffna Central College Old Boys' Association centenary". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 
  20. ^ "Past Principals". Jaffna Central College Old Boys' Association, Canada. 
  21. ^ "Milestones in the History of Jaffna Central College". Jaffna Central College Old Boys' Association, Sydney, Australia. 
  22. ^ Fernando, Ransiri J. (30 June 2004). "Rev. Dr. D T Niles – Memorable personality". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 
  23. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 217.
  24. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 167.
  25. ^ "Obituaries". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 16 July 2007. 
  26. ^ Arumugam 1997, pp. 162-163.
  27. ^ Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (16 October 2005). "Principal for principal as shadow war moves to Jaffna". The Sunday Leader. 
  28. ^ Kumaravadivel, R. (10 October 1999). "Honouring this mighty man". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  29. ^ "Prof. Arulkumaran creates history". The Island (Sri Lanka). 25 April 2007. 
  30. ^ "Top post for Lankan professor in UK". The Sunday Leader. 8 April 2008. 
  31. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 13.
  32. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 14.
  33. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 28.
  34. ^ "EPDP asked to boycott parliament". TamilNet. 19 October 1997. 
  35. ^ "Fifteen-year-old boy drowns". Ceylon Today. 3 June 2012. 
  36. ^ "Mr. Speaker plays a vital role". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 11 June 2006. 
  37. ^ Dewaraja, Lorna (17 June 2004). "Yogendra Duraiswamy – he served the cause of ethnic peace". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 
  38. ^ Pulolyooran, Maylai (1 July 2001). "Crusader against injustice". Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  39. ^ Fernando, Reemus (9 July 2012). "Ethirveerasingam recalls his Olympics days Inspired by Olympics colour film in 1940s". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  40. ^ "Natasha sets Chundikuli Girls' College putt shot record". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 24 February 2013. 
  41. ^ "Prof. A. W. Mailvaganam remembered". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 18 November 2005. 
  42. ^ Sonnadara, D. U. J. "Vidyajothi Professor A.W. Mailvaganam". Institute of Physics, Sri Lanka. 
  43. ^ "Ex-minister Abdul Majeed no more". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 1 December 2011. 
  44. ^ Arumugam 1997, pp. 109–110.
  45. ^ "Saiva revivalist Arumuga Navalar remembered on 181st birthday". TamilNet. 15 December 2003. 
  46. ^ "V.N. Navaratnam Dies in Toronto" (PDF). Tamil Times. X (3): 26. 15 February 1991. ISSN 0266-4488. 
  47. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 121.
  48. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 124.
  49. ^ Rahim, M. S. A. (8 February 2001). "Dr. Jaya Pathirana". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  50. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 134.
  51. ^ "Sri Lanka Moor Family Genealogy: CASSIM, Muhammad – Family #206". Rootsweb. 
  52. ^ Sameer, Fazli (2009). Muslim Personalities in Sri Lanka,then and now. p. 199. 
  53. ^ "Rajaratnam Snr, an icon in Tamil philanthropy, passes away". TamilNet. 22 June 2014. 
  54. ^ "Expose LTTE agent in USA". The Bottom Line (Sri Lanka). 25 March 2009. 
  55. ^ "Honourable A. Sabapathy's Achievements". Hon. Mr. A. Sabapathy, The Tamil Hero. 
  56. ^ Arumugam 1997, pp. 188-189.
  57. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 193.
  58. ^ "C. Sittampalam". Sittampalam Family History. 
  59. ^ "Lankan bridge engineer who rose to the top in the British Civil Service". Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 11 July 2010. 
  60. ^ Arumugam 1997, pp. 210–211.
  61. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 211.
  62. ^ "Arumugam Ratnavadivel Surendhran: Obituary". OM Lanka. 11 April 2016. 
  63. ^ "President's Counsel A. R. Surendhran apssed away". Ceylon Today. 12 April 2016. p. A4. 
  64. ^ "The Journey of an Engineer from Jaffna". SuthanSuthersan.com. December 24, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2017. 
  65. ^ "Robin Tampoe". chitranandaabeysekera.org. 
  66. ^ Arumugam 1997, p. 220.
  67. ^ Maniccavasagar, Chelvatamby (11 May 2013). "Himalayan life foretold in Ola Deshamanya Justice Dr H W Tambiah's 16th Death Anniversary". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 
  68. ^ Arumugam 1997, pp. 217–218.
  69. ^ Maniccavasagar, Chelvatamby (15 May 1997). "Dr. Tambiah – an outstanding lawyer and judge". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 
  70. ^ Arumugam 1997, pp. 225–226.
  71. ^ Ilangamuwa, Nilantha (3 July 2008). "Unity in diversity is essential for peace in Sri Lanka – Bishop Daniel Thiagarajah". Sri Lanka Guardian. 
  72. ^ de Silva, W. P. P.; Ferdinando, T. C. L. 9th Parliament of Sri Lanka (PDF). Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Limited. p. 271. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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