Jaffna Central College ( Tamil: யாழ்ப்பாணம் மத்திய கல்லூரி Yāḻppāṇam Mattiya Kallūri, JCC) is a national school in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. [1 ] Founded in 1817 by British Methodist missionaries, it is one of Sri Lanka's oldest schools. [2 ]
History [ edit ]
In 1813 the
Methodist's British Conference approved the establishment of missions in Ceylon, Java and the Cape of Good Hope. On 30 December 1813 Dr Coke, seven missionaries (William Ault, Benjamin Clough, George Erskine, Martin Harvard, James Lynch, Thomas H. Squance) and two of the missionaries' wives left Portsmouth and sailed to Ceylon. Mrs Ault and Dr. Coke died on the journey. When the arrived in Bombay they had little money but they were helped by Governor Evan Nepean and W. T. Money, a merchant. Five of the missionaries (Ault, Clough, Erskine, Lynch and Squance) sailed from Bombay on 20 June 1814 and arrived in Galle on the south coast of Ceylon on 29 June 1814. On 11 July 1814 the missionaries gathered together to decide who would be stationed where - Lynch and Squance were to go to Jaffna in the north; Ault was to go to Batticaloa in the east; Erskine was to go to Matara in the south; and Clough was to remain in Galle. Clough was later joined by Harvard and his wife. Lynch and Squance left Galle on 14 July 1814 and arrived in Jaffna on 10 August 1814 where they established the Wesleyan Methodist Mission, North Ceylon. [5 ]
On 1 August 1816 the mission purchased from the government the former orphanage situated opposite the esplanade in Jaffna.
In 1817 the [6 ] Jaffna Wesleyan English School was founded with Rev. Lynch as principal. [5 ] [7 ] The school transferred to the Vembadi site in 1825. [8 ] The school was renamed [5 ] Jaffna Central School in 1834 by the then principal Rev. Dr. Peter Percival. JCC prospered, becoming affiliated to [5 ] Madras University (1869) and Calcutta University (1897). [5 ]
In 1945 JCC started providing free education.
Most private schools in Ceylon, including JCC, were taken over by the government in 1960. [5 ] In 1994 JCC became a [5 ] national school. [5 ]
JCC's principal Kanapathy Rajadurai was shot dead on 12 October 2005 in Jaffna.
JCC's crest and colours were introduced in 1901 by Romaine Cooke, the then vice-principal.
The lower arc of the crest contains JCC's moto: [12 ] In gloriam Dei optimi maximi (Unto the glory of God, the best and the highest). The key symbolises JCC being an instrument that unlocks those leading to knowledge. The yarl symbolises JCC's host city Jaffna. The rising sun symbolises the light of learning that radiates from JCC.
Big Match [ edit ]
St. John's College, Jaffna in an annual cricket match known as the Battle of the North or the Battle of the Blues. [13 ] [14 ] The first match took place in 1904. [15 ] [16 ] [17 ]
Principals [ edit ]
[18 ] [19 ] [20 ] [21 ]
1816 Rev. James Lynch
1819 Rev. James Lynch
1820-24 Rev. Robert Carver
1825 Rev. Joseph Roberts
1834-51 Rev. Dr.
Peter Percival 1852-54 Rev. John Walton
1855 Rev. William Barber
1859-61 Rev. William Talbot
1862-66 Rev. John Mitchell
1867-70 Rev. John O. Rhodes
1870-72 Rev. D.P. Niles (acting)
1873-74 Rev. Samuel R. Wilkin
1874-76 Rev. William R. Winston
1877-78 Edward Strutt
1879-81 Fredrick M. Webster
1882 Thomas Little
1883 William J. G. Bestall
1884 Joseph West
1885-86 Rev. A. E. Restarick
1886-87 Rev. D. P. Niles (acting)
1888-89 Rev. Sheldon Knapp
1890 Rev. E. Middleton Weaver
1891-93 Rev. W. T. Garret
1894-95 Rev. Gabriel Leese
1896-98 Rev. W. T. Garret
1899 Rev. George B. Robeson (acting)
1900 Rev. E. O. Martin
1901 Rev. Arthur Lockwood
1901-03 Rev. W. T. Garret
1903-08 Rev. W. M. P. Wilkes
1908-10 Rev. H. A. Meek
1910-16 Rev. W. M. P. Wilkes
1916 Rev. E. T. Selby (acting)
1917-21 Rev. Harold Bullough
1921 Rev. H.R. Cornish (acting)
1922-26 Rev. Percy T. Cash
1927 J. K. Chanmukam (acting)
1928-32 Rev. Percy T. Cash
1933 R. J. Seal (acting)
1934-39 Rev. Percy T. Cash
1940-42 R. S. D. Williams
1943-44 J. W. Arudpragasam
1945-55 Rev. C. A. Smith
1949 J. C. Charles (acting)
1956-62 Rev. Dr.
D. T. Niles [22 ] 1962-64 A. E. Tamber
1964-71 E. Sabalingam
1971-80 E. K. Shanmuganathan
1980-82 N. S. Rathinasingham
[25 ] 1983-90 V. Balasuntharam
1990 N. Rasaratnam
1990-96 N. K. Shanmuganathapillai
1996 S. Sivanrooban (acting)
1996-05 K. Rajadurai
[11 ] [27 ] 2006-08 S. Pathmanathan (acting)
2009- L. Ongaramoorthy
S. K. Elilventhan
V. Appapillai - Dean of the Faculty of Science, University of Ceylon, Peradeniya. [28 ]
S. Arulkumaran - Professor of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, St George's, University of London. [29 ] [30 ]
K. S. Arulnandhy - Deputy Director of Education.
J. N. Arumugam - Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Transport & Works. Kumariah Balasubramaniam - Professor.
[33 ] V. Buvanendran - Professor of Veterinary Science.
A. Canagaratnam - Member of the Legislative Council of Ceylon for Northern Province South. P. Chandrasegaram - Professor of Education.
J. K. Chanmukam - Vice Principal of Jaffna Central College.
Douglas Devananda - Tamil militant, Government minister, Member of Parliament for Jaffna District, leader of the Eelam People's Democratic Party. [37 ] [38 ] S. Dharmapalan -
Government Agent for Jaffna District.
Waithilingam Duraiswamy - Speaker of the State Council of Ceylon. [40 ]
Yogendra Duraiswamy - Diplomat. [41 ] [42 ]
Nagalingam Ethirveerasingam - Olympic athlete. [43 ] [44 ] Saba Jeyarajah - Professor.
A. W. Mailvaganam - Dean of the Faculty of Science, University of Ceylon. [46 ] [47 ]
M. A. Abdul Majeed - Deputy minister, Member of Parliament. [48 ]
K. V. Nadarajah - Member of Parliament for Bandarawela.
Arumuka Navalar - Hindu revivalist. [50 ]
V. N. Navaratnam - Member of Parliament for Chavakachcheri. [51 ] V. C. Motilal Nehru -
President's Counsel. [53 ]
D. T. Niles - President of the Ceylon Methodist Conference. [54 ]
Jaya Pathirana - Member of Parliament for Kurunegala, Judge, Supreme Court of Sri Lanka. [56 ]
S. C. Paul - Leading surgeon.
S. A. Raheem - Member of Parliament for Mannar, High Commissioner. [58 ] [59 ] E. V. Ratnam - Surgeon, Member of
Colombo Municipal Council.
Visvanathan Rudrakumaran - Prime Minister of the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam. [61 ]
A. Sabapathy - Member of the Legislative Council of Ceylon. [62 ] Poopalapillai Sangaravel - Deputy Director of the Ministry of Finance & Development, Secretary of the University College, Batticaloa, Additional
Government Agent. [63 ]
Nevins Selvadurai - Member of the State Council of Ceylon for Kayts.
N. Shanmugarajah - General Manager of the Ceylon Electricity Board.
C. Sittampalam - Government minister, Member of Parliament for Mannar. [66 ]
Kanagaratnam Sriskandan - Chief Highway Engineer for the Department for Transport, UK. [67 ]
P. Sriskandarajah - Judge, Supreme Court of Ceylon.
Robin Tampoe - Film maker. [70 ]
H. D. Thambiah - Chief Justice of Sri Lanka.
H. W. Thambiah - Judge, Supreme Court of Ceylon, High Commissioner. [72 ] [74 ]
Vincent Thamotheram - Judge, Supreme Court of Sri Lanka.
Daniel Thiagarajah - Church of South India Bishop of Jaffna. [76 ]
See also [ edit ]
^ . Schools Basic Data as at 01.10.2010 Northern Provincial Council. 2010.
^ "Province - Northern". Schools Having Bilingual Education Programme. Ministry of Education.
^ a b c d e f g h "Milestones in the history of JCC". Old Boys Association' (Canada).
^ "Brief History of Jaffna central College". Old Boys' Association (Jaffna).
^ "From T. D. S. A. Dissanayake's 'War or Peace...' - University entrance: standardisation suicidal". . 29 June 2003. Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka)
^ "‘Govt to make Sri Lanka trilingual’". . 7 February 2012. Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ a b "Jaffna Central College Principal shot, succumbs to wounds". . 12 October 2005. TamilNet
^ "School Crest". Old Boys Association' (Canada).
^ "Jaffna big match starts Thursday". . 9 March 2006. TamilNet
^ Ratnayake, Samiddha (21 February 2010). "The tradition lives on". . The Nation (Sri Lanka)
^ "Big Match: St. John’s and Jaffna Central draw their 106th encounter". . 10 March 2012. The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ "‘Battle of North’ begins in Jaffna". . 26 February 2010. TamilNet
^ "The Centenary 'Battle of the North'". . 16 March 2004. Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ "Past Principals". Jaffna Central College. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012.
^ Manickavasagar, K. (2 January 2007). "Jaffna Central College Old Boys' Association centenary". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ "Past Principals". Jaffna Central College Old Boys' Association, Canada.
^ "Milestones in the History of Jaffna Central College". Jaffna Central College Old Boys' Association, Sydney, Australia.
^ Fernando, Ransiri J. (30 June 2004). "Rev. Dr. D T Niles - Memorable personality". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ "Obituaries". . 16 July 2007. Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (16 October 2005). "Principal for principal as shadow war moves to Jaffna". . The Sunday Leader
^ Kumaravadivel, R. (10 October 1999). "Honouring this mighty man". . The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ "Prof. Arulkumaran creates history". . 25 April 2007. The Island (Sri Lanka)
^ "Top post for Lankan professor in UK". . 8 April 2008. The Sunday Leader
^ Gooneratne, Colvin (24 April 2011). "A man who achieved much amidst many obstacles". . The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ "EPDP asked to boycott parliament". . 19 October 1997. TamilNet
^ "Fifteen-year-old boy drowns". . 3 June 2012. Ceylon Today
^ "Mr. Speaker plays a vital role". . 11 June 2006. The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ Dewaraja, Lorna (17 June 2004). "Yogendra Duraiswamy - he served the cause of ethnic peace". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ Pulolyooran, Maylai (1 July 2001). "Crusader against injustice". . Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ Fernando, Reemus (9 July 2012). "Ethirveerasingam recalls his Olympics days Inspired by Olympics colour film in 1940s". . The Island (Sri Lanka)
^ "Natasha sets Chundikuli Girls’ College putt shot record". . 24 February 2013. The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ Maniccavasagar, Chelvatamby (11 November 2011). ""Sahithya Ratna" award for Prof. Saba Jeyarajah". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ "Prof. A. W. Mailvaganam remembered". . 18 November 2005. Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ Sonnadara, D. U. J. "Vidyajothi Professor A.W. Mailvaganam". Institute of Physics, Sri Lanka.
^ "Ex-minister Abdul Majeed no more". . 1 December 2011. Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ "Saiva revivalist Arumuga Navalar remembered on 181st birthday". . 15 December 2003. TamilNet
^ "V.N. Navaratnam Dies in Toronto". Tamil Times X (3): 26. 15 February 1991. ISSN 0266-4488.
^ Selvanayagam, S. S. (7 September 1997). "Nehru arranged Anura-LTTE tryst". . The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ Fernando, Ransiri J. (30 June 2004). "Rev. Dr. D T Niles - Memorable personality". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ Rahim, M. S. A. (8 February 2001). "Dr. Jaya Pathirana". . The Island (Sri Lanka)
^ "Sri Lanka Moor Family Genealogy: CASSIM, Muhammad - Family #206". Rootsweb.
^ Sameer, Fazli (2009). . p. 199. Muslim Personalities in Sri Lanka,then and now
^ "Expose LTTE agent in USA". . 25 March 2009. The Bottom Line (Sri Lanka)
^ "Honourable A. Sabapathy's Achievements". Hon. Mr. A. Sabapathy, The Tamil Hero.
^ "Veteran Tamil civil servant Sangaravel passes away". . 11 June 2008. TamilNet
^ "C. Sittampalam". Sittampalam Family History.
^ "Lankan bridge engineer who rose to the top in the British Civil Service". . 11 July 2010. Sunday Times (Sri Lanka)
^ "Robin Tampoe". chitranandaabeysekera.org.
^ Maniccavasagar, Chelvatamby (11 May 2013). "Himalayan life foretold in Ola Deshamanya Justice Dr H W Tambiah's 16th Death Anniversary". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ Maniccavasagar, Chelvatamby (15 May 1997). "Dr. Tambiah - an outstanding lawyer and judge". . Daily News (Sri Lanka)
^ Ilangamuwa, Nilantha (3 July 2008). "Unity in diversity is essential for peace in Sri Lanka – Bishop Daniel Thiagarajah". Sri Lanka Guardian.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]