Play Video
1
Jaggery or Gurh being made!
Jaggery or Gurh being made!
::2011/11/10::
Play Video
2
Jaggery (Gurr/ panela) making in India
Jaggery (Gurr/ panela) making in India
::2014/02/08::
Play Video
3
'Come' ~ Jaggery (live @ CCTV)
::2009/07/19::
Play Video
4
Healthy Living with Jaggery
Healthy Living with Jaggery
::2013/10/10::
Play Video
5
automatic jaggery plant indonesia.
automatic jaggery plant indonesia.
::2013/07/06::
Play Video
6
jaggery automatic plant quality
jaggery automatic plant quality
::2012/09/06::
Play Video
7
Automatic Jaggery  manufacturing plant
Automatic Jaggery manufacturing plant
::2013/01/01::
Play Video
8
Making Fresh Jaggery in India
Making Fresh Jaggery in India
::2012/02/13::
Play Video
9
Jalebi Video Recipe With Jaggery & No Yeast
Jalebi Video Recipe With Jaggery & No Yeast
::2014/04/13::
Play Video
10
Gurr making in Punjab, Jaggery
Gurr making in Punjab, Jaggery
::2012/07/26::
Play Video
11
Gur ka paratha - Jaggery Paratha Recipe
Gur ka paratha - Jaggery Paratha Recipe
::2013/02/04::
Play Video
12
peanut chikki recipe with jaggery
peanut chikki recipe with jaggery
::2013/02/18::
Play Video
13
Jaggery Rice Recipe -  Gur ke Chawal
Jaggery Rice Recipe - Gur ke Chawal
::2013/05/02::
Play Video
14
Steamed Coconut Custard (Watalappan /Jaggery Pudding)
Steamed Coconut Custard (Watalappan /Jaggery Pudding)
::2013/11/02::
Play Video
15
Kobbari Undalu Coconut Jaggery Laddu in Telugu with Eng Sub (కొబ్బరి ఉండలు)
Kobbari Undalu Coconut Jaggery Laddu in Telugu with Eng Sub (కొబ్బరి ఉండలు)
::2014/07/22::
Play Video
16
Gur ki Kheer ( Jaggery Rice Pudding ) Dessert Recipe Video — Indian Vegetarian Recipes by Lata Jain
Gur ki Kheer ( Jaggery Rice Pudding ) Dessert Recipe Video — Indian Vegetarian Recipes by Lata Jain
::2013/12/31::
Play Video
17
O Scorpio - Jaggery - Music Video
O Scorpio - Jaggery - Music Video
::2009/03/27::
Play Video
18
Bellam Gavvalu - Jaggery Sweet Prepation in Telugu
Bellam Gavvalu - Jaggery Sweet Prepation in Telugu
::2013/10/03::
Play Video
19
Rice Pan Cake with Jaggery - Kalathappam (sweetened version) - Kerala Recipe
Rice Pan Cake with Jaggery - Kalathappam (sweetened version) - Kerala Recipe
::2013/12/05::
Play Video
20
Hakuru Pudding/ Wattilapam (Jaggery Pudding)
Hakuru Pudding/ Wattilapam (Jaggery Pudding)
::2009/12/02::
Play Video
21
Kalathappam / Rice pan cake with Jaggery Kerala Traditional Snack
Kalathappam / Rice pan cake with Jaggery Kerala Traditional Snack
::2014/07/26::
Play Video
22
Dilip Nade
Dilip Nade's jaggery powder project success story.
::2014/01/15::
Play Video
23
India - Jaggery Making
India - Jaggery Making
::2011/12/09::
Play Video
24
Jaggery With Milk
Jaggery With Milk
::2013/12/18::
Play Video
25
Jaggery Malpuas by Tarla Dalal
Jaggery Malpuas by Tarla Dalal
::2013/07/16::
Play Video
26
Webinar-Introducing Jaggery: The Server-Side JavaScript Framework for Composing Web Apps
Webinar-Introducing Jaggery: The Server-Side JavaScript Framework for Composing Web Apps
::2012/06/01::
Play Video
27
How to make Eggless Wheat & Jaggery Muffins
How to make Eggless Wheat & Jaggery Muffins
::2013/09/25::
Play Video
28
Jaggery Rasgulla Recipe (Gur Ka rasgulla) Indian Bengali Milk Dessert / Sweets Recipe
Jaggery Rasgulla Recipe (Gur Ka rasgulla) Indian Bengali Milk Dessert / Sweets Recipe
::2013/07/02::
Play Video
29
SAGO RICE JAGGERY PAYASAM - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
SAGO RICE JAGGERY PAYASAM - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
::2012/04/30::
Play Video
30
Jaggery - Icy Live on Sessions From The Box
Jaggery - Icy Live on Sessions From The Box
::2014/09/30::
Play Video
31
Kolhapur : Organic Jaggery
Kolhapur : Organic Jaggery
::2013/12/29::
Play Video
32
Hostage Heart ~ Jaggery ~ Music Video
Hostage Heart ~ Jaggery ~ Music Video
::2013/07/16::
Play Video
33
Flavours of India: Jaggery making unit in Kolhapur
Flavours of India: Jaggery making unit in Kolhapur
::2013/09/08::
Play Video
34
jaggery making in traditional tamilnadu
jaggery making in traditional tamilnadu
::2011/04/20::
Play Video
35
Bellam Podi tayari (Preparation of Jaggery powder)
Bellam Podi tayari (Preparation of Jaggery powder)
::2011/11/19::
Play Video
36
INTORDUCING MICROTECH ENGINEERS INDIA
INTORDUCING MICROTECH ENGINEERS INDIA 'S 1st COMPANY OF AUTOMATIC ESTEEM JAGGERY PLANT
::2013/09/20::
Play Video
37
WHEAT RAWA JAGGERY PONGAL IN TAMIL
WHEAT RAWA JAGGERY PONGAL IN TAMIL
::2013/10/11::
Play Video
38
Paprikah ~ Jaggery ~ Music Video
Paprikah ~ Jaggery ~ Music Video
::2013/08/19::
Play Video
39
MINI SUGAR MILL , AUTOMATIC JAGGERY PLANT crusher tebu, gula merah, tebu crusher,mesin jus tebu
MINI SUGAR MILL , AUTOMATIC JAGGERY PLANT crusher tebu, gula merah, tebu crusher,mesin jus tebu
::2010/05/04::
Play Video
40
Aalemane  - Jaggery production from sugarcane
Aalemane - Jaggery production from sugarcane
::2013/02/13::
Play Video
41
karuppatti kozhukattai -jaggery modak / kolukattai - Thamil virundhu recipes
karuppatti kozhukattai -jaggery modak / kolukattai - Thamil virundhu recipes
::2014/07/17::
Play Video
42
Coconut Jaggery Sweet
Coconut Jaggery Sweet
::2011/11/03::
Play Video
43
Jaggery ~ Live at the Speaker Project ~ Seven Stone
Jaggery ~ Live at the Speaker Project ~ Seven Stone
::2008/12/05::
Play Video
44
Importance of Jaggery- Dr. Preeti Chabbra- Ayurveda Expert- Health quotes on Pragya TV
Importance of Jaggery- Dr. Preeti Chabbra- Ayurveda Expert- Health quotes on Pragya TV
::2013/02/11::
Play Video
45
GUR WALEY CHAWAL ( JAGGERY RICE) *COOK WITH FAIZA*
GUR WALEY CHAWAL ( JAGGERY RICE) *COOK WITH FAIZA*
::2013/04/28::
Play Video
46
Ragi sweet puttu - Jaggery puttu - Finger Millet recipe
Ragi sweet puttu - Jaggery puttu - Finger Millet recipe
::2014/05/24::
Play Video
47
CHOCOLATE AND JAGGERY CHIKKI
CHOCOLATE AND JAGGERY CHIKKI
::2014/11/13::
Play Video
48
Jaggery making.wmv
Jaggery making.wmv
::2012/02/18::
Play Video
49
Uzhavukku Uyiroottu : Extraction Of Jaggery From Sugarcane - Part 1
Uzhavukku Uyiroottu : Extraction Of Jaggery From Sugarcane - Part 1
::2013/11/23::
Play Video
50
Sev Gur ke laddu Recipe -  Sev Jaggery Laddu recipe
Sev Gur ke laddu Recipe - Sev Jaggery Laddu recipe
::2013/03/12::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A block of Indian Jaggery

Jaggery (also transliterated as jaggeree) is a traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar[1] consumed in Asia and Africa.[2] It is a concentrated product of date, cane juice, or palm sap (see palm sugar) without separation of the molasses and crystals, and can vary from golden brown to dark brown in color.[2] It contains up to 50% sucrose, up to 20% invert sugars, and up to 20% moisture, with the remainder made up of other insoluble matter, such as wood ash, proteins, and bagasse fibers.[2] Jaggery is mixed with other ingredients, such as peanuts, condensed milk, coconut, and white sugar, to produce several locally marketed and consumed delicacies.

Unrefined, it is known by various names, including panela, in other parts of the world.

Origins and production[edit]

Jaggery is made of the products of sugarcane and the date palm tree. The sugar made from the sap of the date palm is both more prized and less commonly available outside of the regions where it is made. The coconut palm is tapped for producing jaggery in West Bengal, South India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, syrup extracts from kithul (Caryota urens) trees are widely used for jaggery production. This is considered the best jaggery available on the local market and is more highly valued than that from other sources.

All types of the sugar come in blocks or pastes of solidified concentrated sugar syrup heated to 200 °C (392 °F). Traditionally, the syrup is made by boiling raw sugarcane juice or palm sap in large, shallow, round-bottom vessels.

Preparation of Jaggery[edit]

cutting of sugar cane in the field in India.

Historically, the sugar cane cultivators used crushers which were oxen driven. Nowadays all the crushers are power driven. These crushers are located in fields near the sugar crop. The cut and cleaned sugar cane is put into the crusher. The extracted sugar cane juice is collected in a big vessel. A certain quantity of the juice is transferred to a smaller vessel for heating on a furnace.

The vessel is heated for about one hour. the dried wood pulp from the crushed sugar cane is used as fuel for the furnace. While boiling the juice, some lime is added to it so that all the wood particles are collected on top of the juice in a froth during boiling which is skimmed off. Finally the juice thickened and reduced to nearly one- third of the original volume. This hot liquid is golden in color. It is stirred continuously and lifted with a spatula to observe whether it forms a thread or drips dropwise while falling. If it forms many threads, it has completely thickened. Now it is poured into a shallow flat bottomed concrete tank to cool and solidify. The tank is large enough to allow only a thin coat of this hot liquid to form at its bottom, so as to increase the surface area for quick evaporation and cooling. After cooling down the jaggery becomes a soft solid which is now pressed into the desired shape for selling at the market.

The quality of the jaggery is judged by its color; brown means it is higher in impurities and golden-yellow implies it is relatively pure. Due to this grading scale there are malpractices of adding color or harmful chemicals to simulate the golden color.

Uses[edit]

South Asia[edit]

Indian traditional way of cane juice extraction

Jaggery, also called gurh, is used as an ingredient in sweet and savory dishes across India, Pakistan, Bangladesh,Nepal and Sri Lanka. For example, a pinch of it is sometimes added to sambar, rasam, and other staples. Jaggery is added to lentil soups (dāl) to add sweetness to balance the spicy, salty and sour components, particularly in Gujarati cuisine.

Maharashtra is the largest producer and consumer of jaggery (guḷ (गुळ) in Marathi); most vegetable dishes, curries, and dals contain it. This is specially used during Makar Sankranti for making a dessert called tilgul. In Gujarat, known as gôḷ (ગોળ), during Makara Sankranti, a similar preparation called tal na ladu or tal sankli is made. In rural Maharashtra and Karnataka, water and a piece of jaggery is given when someone arrives home from working under a hot sun.

Molasses (काकवी), a byproduct of the production of jaggery, is used in rural Maharashtra and Karnataka as a sweetener. It contains many minerals not found in ordinary sugar and is considered beneficial to health in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.[3] It is an ingredient of many sweet delicacies, such as gur ka chawal ("jaggery rice"), a traditional Rajasthani dish.

Jaggery preparation by heating juice in the vessel on furnace

In Gujarat, laddus are made from wheat flour and jaggery. A well-known Maharashtrian recipe, puran poli, uses it as a sweetener apart from sugar.[4] Jaggery is considered an easily available sweet which is shared on any good occasion. In engagement ceremonies, small particles of it are mixed with coriander seeds (ધાણા). Hence in many Gujarati communities, engagement is commonly known as gol-dhana (ગોળ-ધાણા), literally "jaggery and coriander seeds".

In Sri Lanka, jaggery is made using the treacle of the kithul tree.

Jaggery used extensively in South India to balance the heat of the spicy foods. It is also known to stir heat on the body, which causes sweating, a way for the body to cool down in the high summer heat.

In Andhra Pradesh, it is used for sweets like Chakkara pongal, milk pongal (prepared with rice, milk, jaggery). During Sankranthi they prepare 'Arisalu' which is an authentic Andhra Pradesh dish. In Kerala, it is considered auspicious and is widely used in cooking. It is a vital ingredient in many varieties of payasam, a sweet dish.

In Tamil Nadu, jaggery used exclusively as the sweetener. It is used in a dish called chakkarai pongal. It is prepared during the festival of Pongal (Thai Pongal), which is held when the harvesting season begins. It is also used to make kalhi, to sweeten fruit salads and payasam (sweet milk) that are offered to the Gods. Jaggery is also used in religious rituals. In rural areas, cane jaggery and palm Jaggery are still used to sweeten beverages, whereas refined sugar has replaced it in urban areas.

Semisolid sugar cane juice drying in another pan for preparation of Jaggery. a practice in India

In Oriya cuisine, cakes or piṭhas contain jaggery. Some marmalades made of mango and Dillenia contain the ingredient.

In Bengali Hindu cuisine, it is commonly used in making sweet dishes, some of which mix jaggery with milk and coconut. Popular sweet dishes such as laḍḍu/laṛu or paṭishapta piṭha mix it with coconut shreds. Jaggery is molded into novel shapes as a type of candy. The same preparation of sweets have been made in its neighboring state of Assam. Some of the popular sweet dishes of Assam. such as til-pitha (made of rice powder, sesame and jaggery), other rice-based pitha, and payas are made of jaggery. In some villages of Assam, people drink salty reed tea with a cube of gurd (jaggery), which is popularly called cheleka-chah (licking tea).

Traditional Karnataka sweets, such as paayasa, obbattu (holige) and unday use different kinds of jaggery. A pinch is commonly added to sambar (a.k.a. huLi saaru) and rasam (a.k.a. saaru). Karnataka produces sugar and palm-based jaggery. The combination of crushed jaggery with ghee is excellent and goes well with chapathi.

The Muzaffarnagar District in Uttar Pradesh has the largest jaggery market in the world, followed by Anakapalli in the Visakhapatnam District in Andhra Pradesh. The Kolhapur District in western Maharashtra is famous for its variety of jaggery, which is yellow and much sought-after in Maharashtra and Gujarat. Mandya in Karnataka is known for its jaggery production.

All over India, jaggery has religious significance to Hindus. Many of the festivals involve the offering of jaggery to deities during worship. Jaggery is considered auspicious in many parts of India and is eaten raw before the commencement of good work or any important new venture, or after good news is shared by family and friends.[citation needed]

In Myanmar, jaggery is harvested from toddy palm syrup. In central Myanmar and around Bagan (Pagan), toddy syrup is collected solely for making jaggery. The translucent white syrup is boiled until it becomes golden brown and then made into bite-sized pieces. It is considered a sweet and is eaten by children and adults alike, usually in the afternoon with a pot of green tea. It has been referred to locally as Burmese chocolate. Toddy palm jaggery is sometimes mixed with coconut shreds, jujube puree or sesame, depending on the area. This type of jaggery is also used in Burmese cooking, usually to add color and enrich the food.

Other uses[edit]

Other uses include jaggery toffees and jaggery cake made with pumpkin preserve, cashew nuts, peanuts and spices.

Jaggery may be used in the creation of alcoholic beverages such as palm wine.

Besides being a food, jaggery may be used, mixed in an emulsion with buttermilk and mustard oil, to season the inside of tandoor ovens.[5]

Names of jaggery[edit]

Burmese jaggery at a market in Mandalay

In South Asia[edit]

  • Htanyat in Burmese
  • Guḍa in Sanskrit (गुड—literally 'a ball')
  • Guḍ (ਗੁੜ) in Punjabi
  • Guḍ in Oriya
  • Guḍ in Hindi
  • Gura in Pashto
  • Guṛ in Assamese (গুড়), Bengali (গুড়), Bhojpuri (गुड़), Hindi (गुड़), Maithili, and Urdu (گڑ)
  • Gurh (ڳُڙ) in Sindhi
  • Godd (गोड )in Konkani
  • Sarkkara or chakkara in Malayalam
  • Gôḷ (ગોળ) in Gujarati
  • Gôḷ (गौळ) in Rajasthani
  • Guḷ (गुळ) in Marathi
  • Bella (ಬೆಲ್ಲ) in Kannada
  • Bellam (బెల్లం) in Telugu
  • Bella in Tulu: Vale bella is a type of jaggery which prepared from toddy.
  • Vellam (வெல்லம்) in Tamil. Also Paagu Vellam (for Jaggery made out of sugarcane), Karumbu chakkarai, Naatu chakkarai or kalkandu for the crystallised and sugary powder form of Jaggery made from sugarcane. And karuppatti or Panang karupatti for jaggery made from Palm wine.
  • Vellam (വെല്ലം) (for jaggery made from sugarcane) in Malabar, as well as North Malabar and chakkara in the rest of Kerala in Malayalam, sharkkara (ശര്‍ക്കര) is a term used in Malayalam. Karuppaṭṭi or karippaṭṭi or "karipetti" (കരിപെട്ടി) or "chakkara" is used for jaggery made from palm wine, and panam kalkandam (പനം കല്‍കണ്ടം) is for sugar crystal made from coconut.
  • Hakuru (හකුරු) in Sinhalese
  • Kurtai in Mizo
  • Sakhhar in Nepali or Nepalese (नेपाली)
  • Mitha in Bhojpuri
  • Akher gur in Bangladesh

In Southeast Asia[edit]

  • Htanyet in Burmese
  • Gula melaka or Gula merah in Malay. Gula nisan (nise) in Kelantan (north eastern state of West Malaysia)
  • Gula jawa in Indonesian
  • Pakombuk (Kapampangan)in the Philippines
  • Panocha (Spanish) or panutsa in the Philippines
  • Namtaan tanod (น้ำตาลโตนด) = palm sugar; น้ำตาลทราย(แดง) [năm-ta:n sà:j (dae:ng)] = “sugar+sand+(red)”] (red) cane sugar; น้ำตาลมะพร้าว [năm-ta:n màprâ:o] coconut sugar, in Thai

Elsewhere[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014