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What is Jaggery and how to use it
What is Jaggery and how to use it
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Raihanas Cuisines
Traditional Jaggery Making | MAKING OF GURR | VILLAGE FOOD FACTORY
Traditional Jaggery Making | MAKING OF GURR | VILLAGE FOOD FACTORY
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: STREET FOOD
Jaggery (Gurr/ panela) making in India
Jaggery (Gurr/ panela) making in India
Published: 2014/02/08
Channel: Yuvraj Dhingra
Jaggery Production Process | Traditional Jaggery Making Process |
Jaggery Production Process | Traditional Jaggery Making Process |
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Flavour Factory
Jaggery Making - Automatic Process by Vaibhav Industries
Jaggery Making - Automatic Process by Vaibhav Industries
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Vaibhav Industries
गुड़ के फायदे । Health and Beauty benefits of Jaggery | Gurh | Ms Pinky Madaan
गुड़ के फायदे । Health and Beauty benefits of Jaggery | Gurh | Ms Pinky Madaan
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: TsMadaan - Life Changing Videos in Hindi
Is Jaggery Better Than Refined Sugar?
Is Jaggery Better Than Refined Sugar?
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: The Quint
బెల్లం తినడం వల్ల కలిగే ప్రయోజనాలు || Amazing Health Benefits Of Jaggery
బెల్లం తినడం వల్ల కలిగే ప్రయోజనాలు || Amazing Health Benefits Of Jaggery
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: SumanTV
Traditional making of Jaggery My Village Food Factory - Making Jaggery / Gurr Cane Sugar Blocks
Traditional making of Jaggery My Village Food Factory - Making Jaggery / Gurr Cane Sugar Blocks
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Fish Hunting Fishing - Village Cooking Recipes
Top 10 Health Benefits Of Jaggery | JAGGERY BENEFITS | GUR HEALTH BENEFITS | QUICK HEALTH
Top 10 Health Benefits Of Jaggery | JAGGERY BENEFITS | GUR HEALTH BENEFITS | QUICK HEALTH
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: QUICK HEALTH
Jaggery plant or gur ghar
Jaggery plant or gur ghar
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: maha entrepreneurs
Dr Shikha Sharma reveals the health benefits of jaggery
Dr Shikha Sharma reveals the health benefits of jaggery
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: ABP NEWS
Make Jaggery at Home
Make Jaggery at Home
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Ideas that Work
8 Unbeatable Health Benefits Of Jaggery - Incredible Jaggery Benefits for Health From Ayurveda
8 Unbeatable Health Benefits Of Jaggery - Incredible Jaggery Benefits for Health From Ayurveda
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: ekunji
Can Diabetics Have Jaggery instead of Sugar
Can Diabetics Have Jaggery instead of Sugar
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Free Diabetes
Making Of Jaggery - STREET FOOD - MY3 STREET FOOD
Making Of Jaggery - STREET FOOD - MY3 STREET FOOD
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: STREET FOOD
Grandma
Grandma's special traditional sweet with coconut and jaggery
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Myna Street Food
Peanut Chikki Recipe || Moongfali Chikki  || Peanut Jaggery Bar
Peanut Chikki Recipe || Moongfali Chikki || Peanut Jaggery Bar
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Priya Vantalu
गुड खाने के फायदे - Gud Khaney Ke Fayde (Benefits Of Eating Jaggery) | Rajiv Dixit
गुड खाने के फायदे - Gud Khaney Ke Fayde (Benefits Of Eating Jaggery) | Rajiv Dixit
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Intellectual Indian Gurus
Benefits Of Jaggery For Skin Hair And Health Jaggery For Weight Loss
Benefits Of Jaggery For Skin Hair And Health Jaggery For Weight Loss
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Health & Heldi
Coconut Jaggery  Burfi
Coconut Jaggery Burfi
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Cook Eat & Share
JAGGERY TEA - Mrs Vahchef
JAGGERY TEA - Mrs Vahchef
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Ragini
Alemane How Jaggery is prepared
Alemane How Jaggery is prepared
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Prithvi Media Creations
गुड खाने के 15 फायदे - 15 Health Benefits of Jaggery
गुड खाने के 15 फायदे - 15 Health Benefits of Jaggery
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Desi Gyan
automatic  GULA MERAH / jaggery plant video
automatic GULA MERAH / jaggery plant video
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: moon sun
Natural Jaggery Powder Making  Process
Natural Jaggery Powder Making Process
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: cvr natural farms
organic jaggery (gud) no chemical
organic jaggery (gud) no chemical
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: suave tinku
गर्म दूध के साथ गुड खाने के फायदे: Hot milk with jaggery - benefits
गर्म दूध के साथ गुड खाने के फायदे: Hot milk with jaggery - benefits
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: Bhartiya Vedic
Side Effects of Jaggery in Hindi | Side Effects of Gud in Hindi | Be Careful while consuming Jaggery
Side Effects of Jaggery in Hindi | Side Effects of Gud in Hindi | Be Careful while consuming Jaggery
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: RealQuickInfo
Jalebi Video Recipe With Jaggery & No Yeast
Jalebi Video Recipe With Jaggery & No Yeast
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: AmruthaBalu
Gur ka paratha - Jaggery Stuffed paratha - Sweet Paratha
Gur ka paratha - Jaggery Stuffed paratha - Sweet Paratha
Published: 2013/02/04
Channel: Nisha Madhulika
What Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes  - Sugar Vs Jaggery
What Can I Eat If I Have Diabetes - Sugar Vs Jaggery
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: Orange Health
METHOD TO STORE preservative free JAGGERY syrup(Unrefined sugar)FOR EASY USE.( ENGLISH VERSION) 4
METHOD TO STORE preservative free JAGGERY syrup(Unrefined sugar)FOR EASY USE.( ENGLISH VERSION) 4
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Deepa's Art of Cooking
How to break jaggery -less than 1 minute
How to break jaggery -less than 1 minute
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Nithya's Home & Kitchen
Organic Jaggery(Gur) In Baatein Kheti Ki On Green TV
Organic Jaggery(Gur) In Baatein Kheti Ki On Green TV
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: Green TV India
Natural Palm Jaggery - Incredible India
Natural Palm Jaggery - Incredible India
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: FlopCloud
Homemade Jaggery Syrup Recipe
Homemade Jaggery Syrup Recipe
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: My Little Moppet
Health Benefits of Jaggery in Kannada | ಬೆಲ್ಲ ತಿನ್ನುವುದರಿಂದ ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಏನಾಗುತ್ತೆ ? | YOYO TV Kannada
Health Benefits of Jaggery in Kannada | ಬೆಲ್ಲ ತಿನ್ನುವುದರಿಂದ ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಏನಾಗುತ್ತೆ ? | YOYO TV Kannada
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: YOYO TV Kannada
COCONUT & JAGGERY LADDU - Mrs Vahchef
COCONUT & JAGGERY LADDU - Mrs Vahchef
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: Ragini
Jaggery Benefits in Urdu | Gur ke Fayde | گڑ کے فائدے
Jaggery Benefits in Urdu | Gur ke Fayde | گڑ کے فائدے
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: My Health Tube / मेरे स्वास्थ्य ट्यूब
Top 10 Benefits oF Jaggery Or Gud.
Top 10 Benefits oF Jaggery Or Gud.
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Naveen Maney
Bellam Coffee | Jaggery Coffee | Bella Coffee | బెల్లం కాపీ
Bellam Coffee | Jaggery Coffee | Bella Coffee | బెల్లం కాపీ
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: manainti ruchulu
KHEJUR GUR or DATE PALM JAGGERY Making
KHEJUR GUR or DATE PALM JAGGERY Making
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Deep The Explorer
Special Sweet Item Gavvalu with Jaggery by My Grandma || Myna Street Food || Food Info
Special Sweet Item Gavvalu with Jaggery by My Grandma || Myna Street Food || Food Info
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Myna Street Food
How To Make Oats Jaggery Kheer /Payasam
How To Make Oats Jaggery Kheer /Payasam
Published: 2012/07/11
Channel: Zakira Begum
Health Tips in Hindi - Jaggery Benefits - Health Tips in Hindi by Naturopath Sachin Goyal गुड़ के लाभ
Health Tips in Hindi - Jaggery Benefits - Health Tips in Hindi by Naturopath Sachin Goyal गुड़ के लाभ
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: jaipurthepinkcity
Organic jaggery powder manufacturing process
Organic jaggery powder manufacturing process
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: cvr natural farms
Traditional Coconut Balls with Jaggery By My Grandma || Myna Street Food || Food Info
Traditional Coconut Balls with Jaggery By My Grandma || Myna Street Food || Food Info
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Myna Street Food
Peanut Chikki / Gud Moongfali Chikki / Brittle / Jaggery Peanut Candy - By Food Connection
Peanut Chikki / Gud Moongfali Chikki / Brittle / Jaggery Peanut Candy - By Food Connection
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Food Connection
jaggery making in traditional tamilnadu
jaggery making in traditional tamilnadu
Published: 2011/04/20
Channel: SANJEEVI ANANDAN
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A block of jaggery, with a US penny for size comparison

Jaggery is a traditional non-centrifugal cane sugar[1] consumed in Asia, Africa and some countries in the Americas.[2] It is a concentrated product of date, cane juice, or palm sap (see palm sugar) without separation of the molasses and crystals, and can vary from golden brown to dark brown in colour.[2] It contains up to 50% sucrose, up to 20% invert sugars, and up to 20% moisture, with the remainder made up of other insoluble matter, such as wood ash, proteins, and bagasse fibres.[2] Jaggery is mixed with other ingredients, such as peanuts, condensed milk, coconut, and white sugar, to produce several locally marketed and consumed delicacies.

Unrefined, it is known by various names, including panela, in other parts of the world.

Etymology[edit]

The word "jaggery" comes from Portuguese xágara, from Malayalam cakkarā, ultimately from the Sanskrit शर्करा (śarkarā), also the origin of the English word "sugar".[3]

Origins and production[edit]

Jaggery is made of the products of sugarcane and the date palm tree. The sugar made from the sap of the date palm is both more prized and less commonly available outside of the regions where it is made. The date palm is tapped for producing jaggery in West Bengal, South India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, syrup extracts from kithul (Caryota urens) trees are widely used for jaggery production. This is considered the best jaggery available on the local market and is more highly valued than that from other sources.[citation needed]

All types of the sugar come in blocks or pastes of solidified concentrated sugar syrup heated to 200 °C (392 °F). Traditionally, the syrup is made by boiling raw sugarcane juice or palm sap in large, shallow, round-bottom vessels.

Preparation of jaggery[edit]

Cutting of sugar cane in a field in India.

Historically, the sugar cane cultivators used crushers which were ox-driven. Nowadays all the crushers are power-driven. These crushers are located in fields near the sugar crop. The cut and cleaned sugar cane is put into the crusher. The extracted sugar cane juice is collected in a big vessel. A certain quantity of the juice is transferred to a smaller vessel for heating on a furnace.

The vessel is heated for about one hour. Dried wood pulp from the crushed sugar cane is used as fuel for the furnace. While boiling the juice, some lime is added to it so that all the wood particles are collected on top of the juice in a froth during boiling which is skimmed off. Finally the juice is thickened and reduced to nearly one- third of the original volume. This hot liquid is golden in color. It is stirred continuously and lifted with a spatula to observe whether it forms a thread or drips dropwise while falling. If it forms many threads, it has completely thickened. Now it is poured into a shallow flat bottomed concrete tank to cool and solidify. The tank is large enough to allow only a thin coat of this hot liquid to form at its bottom, so as to increase the surface area for quick evaporation and cooling. After cooling down the jaggery becomes a soft solid which is now pressed into the desired shape for selling at the market.

The quality of the jaggery is judged by its color; brown means it is higher in impurities and golden-yellow implies it is relatively pure. Due to this grading scale there are malpractices of adding color or harmful chemicals to simulate the golden color.

Uses[edit]

South Asia[edit]

Jaggery, also called gurh or Gur (गुड़ in Hindi), is used as an ingredient in sweet and savoury dishes in the cuisines of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Iran. For example, a pinch of it is sometimes added to sambar, rasam, and other staples. Jaggery is added to lentil soups (dāl) to add sweetness to balance the spicy, salty and sour components, particularly in Gujarati cuisine.

Maharashtra in India is the largest producer and consumer of jaggery (gud (गुड़) in Hindi, "gul" (गुळ) in Marathi); and "gur" (گڑھ) in Urdu most vegetable dishes, curries, and dals and many desserts contain it. This is specially used during Makar Sankranti for making a dessert called tilgul. In Gujarat, known as gôḷ (ગોળ), during Makara Sankranti, a similar preparation called tal na ladu or tal sankli is made. In rural Maharashtra and Karnataka, water and a piece of jaggery is given when someone arrives home from working under a hot sun.

Molasses (काकवी), a byproduct of the production of jaggery, is used in rural Maharashtra and Karnataka as a sweetener. It contains many minerals not found in ordinary sugar and is considered beneficial to health in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.[4] It is an ingredient of many sweet delicacies, such as gur ke chawal /Chol ("jaggery rice"), a traditional Rajasthani or Punjabi dish.

Jaggery preparation by heating juice in the vessel on furnace

In Gujarat, laddus are made from wheat flour and jaggery. A well-known Maharashtrian recipe, puran poli, uses it as a sweetener apart from sugar. Jaggery is considered an easily available sweet which is shared on any good occasion. In engagement ceremonies, small particles of it are mixed with coriander seeds (ધાણા). Hence in many Gujarati communities, engagement is commonly known as gol-dhana (ગોળ-ધાણા), literally "jaggery and coriander seeds".

In Sri Lanka, jaggery is made using the treacle of the kithul tree.

Jaggery is used extensively in South India to balance the heat of the spicy foods. It is also known to stir heat on the body, which causes sweating, a way for the body to cool down in the high summer heat.

In Andhra Pradesh, it is used for sweets like Chakkara pongal, milk pongal (prepared with rice, milk, jaggery). During Sankranti they prepare 'Arisalu' which is an authentic Andhra Pradesh dish. In Kerala, it is considered auspicious and is widely used in cooking. It is a vital ingredient in many varieties of payasam, a sweet dish.

In Tamil Nadu, jaggery used exclusively as the sweetener. It is used in a dish called chakkarai pongal. It is prepared during the festival of Pongal (Thai Pongal), which is held when the harvesting season begins. It is also used to make kalhi, to sweeten fruit salads and payasam (sweet milk) that are offered to the Gods. Jaggery is also used in religious rituals. In rural areas, cane jaggery and palm Jaggery are still used to sweeten beverages, whereas refined sugar has replaced it in urban areas.

Semisolid sugar cane juice drying in another pan for preparation of Jaggery. a practice in India

In Oriya cuisine, cakes or piṭhas contain jaggery. Some marmalades made of mango and Dillenia contain the ingredient.

In Bengali Hindu cuisine, it is commonly used in making sweet dishes, some of which mix jaggery with milk and coconut. Popular sweet dishes such as laḍḍu/laṛu or paṭishapta piṭha mix it with coconut shreds. Jaggery is molded into novel shapes as a type of candy. The same preparation of sweets have been made in its neighbouring state of Assam. Some of the popular sweet dishes of Assam. such as til-pitha (made of rice powder, sesame and jaggery), other rice-based pitha, and payas are made of jaggery. In some villages of Assam, people drink salty red tea with a cube of gurd (jaggery), which is popularly called cheleka-chah (licking tea).

Traditional Karnataka sweets, such as paayasa, obbattu (holige) and unday use different kinds of jaggery. A pinch is commonly added to sambar (a.k.a. huLi saaru) and rasam (a.k.a. saaru). Karnataka produces sugar and palm-based jaggery. The combination of crushed jaggery with ghee is excellent and goes well with chapathi.

The Muzaffarnagar District in Uttar Pradesh has the largest jaggery market in the world, followed by Anakapalli in the Visakhapatnam District in Andhra Pradesh. The Kolhapur District in western Maharashtra is famous for its variety of jaggery, which is yellow and much sought-after in Maharashtra and Gujarat. Mandya in Karnataka is known for its jaggery production.

All over India, jaggery has religious significance to Hindus. Many of the festivals involve the offering of jaggery to deities during worship. Jaggery is considered auspicious in many parts of India and is eaten raw before the commencement of good work or any important new venture, or after good news is shared by family and friends.[citation needed]

In Myanmar, jaggery is harvested from toddy palm syrup. In central Myanmar and around Bagan (Pagan), toddy syrup is collected solely for making jaggery. The translucent white syrup is boiled until it becomes golden brown and then made into bite-sized pieces. It is considered a sweet and is eaten by children and adults alike, usually in the afternoon with a pot of green tea. It has been referred to locally as Burmese chocolate. Toddy palm jaggery is sometimes mixed with coconut shreds, jujube puree or sesame, depending on the area. This type of jaggery is also used in Burmese cooking, usually to add colour and enrich the food.

Other uses[edit]

Other uses include jaggery toffees and jaggery cake made with pumpkin preserve, cashew nuts, peanuts and spices.

Jaggery may be used in the creation of alcoholic beverages such as palm wine.

Besides being a food, jaggery may be used, mixed in an emulsion with buttermilk and mustard oil, to season the inside of tandoor ovens.[5] Jaggery is also used in natural dying of fabric. Also used in hookah in the rural areas of Pakistan and India.

Nomenclature[edit]

Burmese jaggery at a market in Mandalay

In South Asia[edit]

  • Guḍa in Sanskrit (गुड़—literally 'a ball')
  • Guḍ (ਗੁੜ) in Punjabi
  • Guḍ (ଗୁଡ) in Odia
  • Guḍ and Gur (गुड़) in Hindi
  • Gwëṛa in Pashto
  • Guṛ in Assamese (গুড়), Bengali (গুড়), Bhojpuri (गुड़), Hindi (गुड़), Maithili, and Urdu (گڑ)
  • Gurh (ڳُڙ) in Sindhi
  • Godd (गोड)in Konkani
  • Gurh (گڑ) in Urdu
  • Sarkkara (ശർക്കര) or chakkara (ചക്കര) or vellam (വെല്ലം)in Malayalam
  • Gôḷ (ગોળ) in Gujarati
  • Gôḷ (गौळ) in Rajasthani
  • Gool (गूळ) in Marathi
  • Bella (ಬೆಲ್ಲ) in Kannada
  • Bellam (బెల్లం) in Telugu
  • Bella in Tulu: Vale bella is a type of jaggery which prepared from toddy.
  • Vellam (வெல்லம்) in Tamil. Also Paagu Vellam (for Jaggery made out of sugarcane), Karumbu chakkarai, Naatu chakkarai or kalkandu for the crystallised and sugary powder form of Jaggery made from sugarcane. And karuppatti or Panang karupatti for jaggery made from Palm wine.
  • Vellam (വെല്ലം) (for jaggery made from sugarcane) in Malabar, as well as North Malabar and chakkara in the rest of Kerala in Malayalam, sharkkara (ശര്ക്കര) is a term used in Malayalam. Karuppaṭṭi or karippaṭṭi or "karipetti" (കരിപെട്ടി) or "chakkara" is used for jaggery made from palm wine, and panam kalkandam (പനം കല്കണ്ടം) is for sugar crystal made from coconut.
  • Hakuru (හකුරු) in Sinhalese
  • Hakuru (ހަކުރު) in Dhivehi
  • Kurtai in Mizo
  • Sakhhar ) and "Bheli" in Nepali/Nepalese
  • Mitha in Bhojpuri
  • Akher gur (from sugarcane) Khejurer gur (খর্জুর গুড়) (from date palm) Narikeler gur (from coconut palm) in Bengali

In Southeast Asia[edit]

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Elsewhere[edit]

Image Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New improvements in jaggery manufacturing process and new product type of jaggery". Panela Monitor. Retrieved 2014-08-30. 
  2. ^ a b c "Media | Practical Action" (PDF). Itdg.org. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  3. ^ "Jaggery". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2017-07-24. 
  4. ^ "Jaggery and Confectionery". APEDA, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India. Retrieved 2009-06-19. 
  5. ^ Kalra, J.I.S.; Das Gupta, P. (1986). Prashad Cooking with Indian Masters. Allied Publishers Private, Limited. p. 10. ISBN 9788170230069. Retrieved 2015-09-13. 
  6. ^ "Brown Sugar from Okinawa | Art of Eating". artofeating.com. Retrieved 2015-09-13. 

External links[edit]

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