1
Jamaat e Islami By Sheikh Tauseef Ur Rehman
Jamaat e Islami By Sheikh Tauseef Ur Rehman
DATE: 2011/11/27::
2
Only Jamaat e Islami has shed blood for PAKISTAN   Zaid Hamid
Only Jamaat e Islami has shed blood for PAKISTAN Zaid Hamid
DATE: 2011/08/17::
3
Great Reply to India by Jamaat e islami Pakistan
Great Reply to India by Jamaat e islami Pakistan
DATE: 2014/11/13::
4
Pakistan Cry - Bangladesh hangs Jamaat-e-Islami leader for 1971 war massacre
Pakistan Cry - Bangladesh hangs Jamaat-e-Islami leader for 1971 war massacre
DATE: 2015/04/12::
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O ALLAH Bless on Jamaat e Islami Bangladesh
O ALLAH Bless on Jamaat e Islami Bangladesh
DATE: 2013/03/14::
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logo logo new trana by Jamaat-e-Islami Lahore
logo logo new trana by Jamaat-e-Islami Lahore
DATE: 2011/12/19::
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19 Dec 2014 JAMAAT E ISLAMI and TALIBAN
19 Dec 2014 JAMAAT E ISLAMI and TALIBAN
DATE: 2014/12/20::
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bangladesh jamaat e islami 1
bangladesh jamaat e islami 1
DATE: 2011/12/28::
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AMEER
AMEER'S-blunder jamaat e islami sio soli jih ism islam islahi salafi kerala anas speech new 2010
DATE: 2010/10/27::
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War Criminal Jamaat-e-Islami Leader Abdul Quader Mollah buried in Faridpur
War Criminal Jamaat-e-Islami Leader Abdul Quader Mollah buried in Faridpur
DATE: 2013/12/13::
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Maulana Tariq Jameel Speech with Qazi Hussain in Jamat e islami Ijtema Lahore 20 Aug 2011
Maulana Tariq Jameel Speech with Qazi Hussain in Jamat e islami Ijtema Lahore 20 Aug 2011
DATE: 2011/09/01::
12
Maulana Maududi and Jamaat-e-Islami(1/4). Dr.Israr
Maulana Maududi and Jamaat-e-Islami(1/4). Dr.Israr
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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NA 246 Jamaat E Islami Jalsa At Ayesha Manzil, Karachi 12 April 2015
NA 246 Jamaat E Islami Jalsa At Ayesha Manzil, Karachi 12 April 2015
DATE: 2015/04/12::
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Jamaat e Islami ka kya Aqeedah hai | Abu Zaid Zameer
Jamaat e Islami ka kya Aqeedah hai | Abu Zaid Zameer
DATE: 2013/12/16::
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Kiska Palara Bhari Hai-Jamaat-e-Islami Tarana
Kiska Palara Bhari Hai-Jamaat-e-Islami Tarana
DATE: 2013/04/25::
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Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. CD1. Perod Abdurahman Saqafi
Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. CD1. Perod Abdurahman Saqafi
DATE: 2012/08/07::
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Jamaat-e-Islami Hind Donates Houses to Muzaffarnagar Riot Victims
Jamaat-e-Islami Hind Donates Houses to Muzaffarnagar Riot Victims
DATE: 2015/03/09::
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jamaat e islami J&k Ghazi Moin Ul islam( Moujuda Bai Rahravee Aur Ilaaj)
jamaat e islami J&k Ghazi Moin Ul islam( Moujuda Bai Rahravee Aur Ilaaj)
DATE: 2013/03/26::
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Ameer Jamaat e Islami Hind Maulana Syed Jalaluddin Umri a Reception In Lahore - 7 June 2012
Ameer Jamaat e Islami Hind Maulana Syed Jalaluddin Umri a Reception In Lahore - 7 June 2012
DATE: 2012/06/12::
20
Jamaat E Islami Ka tarouf By Shk Tauseef ur rehman  1 / 11
Jamaat E Islami Ka tarouf By Shk Tauseef ur rehman 1 / 11
DATE: 2009/09/10::
21
Maududi: Truth About Jamaat-e-Islami
Maududi: Truth About Jamaat-e-Islami
DATE: 2011/07/13::
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Osama Death :- Hassan Nisar VS Pakistan
Osama Death :- Hassan Nisar VS Pakistan's Enemy Jamat e Islami 1/3
DATE: 2011/05/10::
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Dr. Ashikur Rahman On Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami
Dr. Ashikur Rahman On Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami
DATE: 2014/02/14::
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Mother Of Dr Afia Exposed Jamaat-e-Islami
Mother Of Dr Afia Exposed Jamaat-e-Islami's Famous MUNAFIQAT
DATE: 2010/09/30::
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Bangladesh hangs top Jamaat-e-Islami leader Muhammad Kamaruzzaman
Bangladesh hangs top Jamaat-e-Islami leader Muhammad Kamaruzzaman
DATE: 2015/04/11::
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jamaat e islami ijtema 2014  2015  siraj ul haq new
jamaat e islami ijtema 2014 2015 siraj ul haq new
DATE: 2014/11/22::
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War Criminal Jamaat-e-Islami Leader Abdul Quader Mollah Hanged
War Criminal Jamaat-e-Islami Leader Abdul Quader Mollah Hanged
DATE: 2013/12/12::
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Hasan Nisar History & Views About Jamaat e Islami   Must Watch
Hasan Nisar History & Views About Jamaat e Islami Must Watch
DATE: 2011/01/21::
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Who Has Thunder Squad ? Jamaat e Islami Or MQM - Truth Revealed By Najam Sethi - A Must Watch
Who Has Thunder Squad ? Jamaat e Islami Or MQM - Truth Revealed By Najam Sethi - A Must Watch
DATE: 2011/09/14::
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Jamaat-e-Islami Ijtima in Lahore-22 Nov 2014
Jamaat-e-Islami Ijtima in Lahore-22 Nov 2014
DATE: 2014/11/22::
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Jamaat-e-islami ki dawat
Jamaat-e-islami ki dawat
DATE: 2011/04/12::
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Deadly clashes between government, Jamaat-e-Islami continue in Bangladesh
Deadly clashes between government, Jamaat-e-Islami continue in Bangladesh
DATE: 2013/02/23::
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Jamaat e Islami Hind
Jamaat e Islami Hind's Documentary (Andhra Region)
DATE: 2013/02/20::
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bangladesh jamaat e islami
bangladesh jamaat e islami
DATE: 2010/10/26::
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A message from Ameer (Jamaat-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir)
A message from Ameer (Jamaat-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir)
DATE: 2013/03/05::
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Bangladesh Jamaat e Islami Chhatra Shibir - National Student Gathering - 06 - Part - 3/9
Bangladesh Jamaat e Islami Chhatra Shibir - National Student Gathering - 06 - Part - 3/9
DATE: 2010/12/19::
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Doosra Rukh (10th April 2015) NA 246… Jamaat e Islami aur PTI Main Samjhota Mumkin Nahi
Doosra Rukh (10th April 2015) NA 246… Jamaat e Islami aur PTI Main Samjhota Mumkin Nahi
DATE: 2015/04/10::
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Weekly Prog. - 12 Jan 13. - Markaz Jamaat-e-Islami Hind
Weekly Prog. - 12 Jan 13. - Markaz Jamaat-e-Islami Hind
DATE: 2013/01/19::
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Intikhabi Jalsa-e-Aam (Jamaat-e-Islami Karachi) 5-5-2013
Intikhabi Jalsa-e-Aam (Jamaat-e-Islami Karachi) 5-5-2013
DATE: 2013/05/16::
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Bangladesh Jamaat e Islami Chhatra Shibir   National Student Gathering   06   Part  5 9
Bangladesh Jamaat e Islami Chhatra Shibir National Student Gathering 06 Part 5 9
DATE: 2013/02/15::
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Jamaat E islami Hind lashes out at Narendra Modi- NewsX
Jamaat E islami Hind lashes out at Narendra Modi- NewsX
DATE: 2013/10/19::
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Jamaat Islami Pakistan Ijtema Aam 21-23 Nov 2014- Lahore Pakistan
Jamaat Islami Pakistan Ijtema Aam 21-23 Nov 2014- Lahore Pakistan
DATE: 2014/10/27::
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jamaat e islami kerala 14
jamaat e islami kerala 14
DATE: 2014/01/08::
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Zalim Se Takra Sakti Hai - Sirf Jamaat e Islami Hai - Tarana By Hafiz Laique Ahmad
Zalim Se Takra Sakti Hai - Sirf Jamaat e Islami Hai - Tarana By Hafiz Laique Ahmad
DATE: 2015/01/11::
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AFP photographer shot by Jamaat-E-Islami anti-Charlie Hebdo protesters
AFP photographer shot by Jamaat-E-Islami anti-Charlie Hebdo protesters
DATE: 2015/01/16::
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Maulana Maududi and Jamaat-e-Islami(2/4). Dr.Israr
Maulana Maududi and Jamaat-e-Islami(2/4). Dr.Israr
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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reality of jamaat e islami part1
reality of jamaat e islami part1
DATE: 2011/01/25::
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Maire jaan jamaat e islami...
Maire jaan jamaat e islami...
DATE: 2013/09/05::
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IPH& JAMAAT E ISLAMI anas moulavi jih kerala salafi mujahid sio solidarity muslim 2011
IPH& JAMAAT E ISLAMI anas moulavi jih kerala salafi mujahid sio solidarity muslim 2011
DATE: 2011/01/15::
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ജമാഅത്തെ ഇസ്‌ലാമി jamaat e islami vt abdulla koya thangal
ജമാഅത്തെ ഇസ്‌ലാമി jamaat e islami vt abdulla koya thangal
DATE: 2012/03/07::
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For similar topics, see Jamaat-e-Islami (disambiguation).

Jamaat-e-Islami (Urdu: جماعتِ اسلامی, JI) is an Islamic political organization and social conservative movement founded in 1941 in British India by the Islamist theologian and socio-political philosopher, Abul Ala Maududi.[1]

Abul ala Maududi, the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami.

Along with the Muslim Brotherhood (founded in 1926), Jamaat-e-Islami was one of the original and most influential Islamist organizations,[2] and the first of its kind to develop "an ideology based on the modern revolutionary conception of Islam".[3]

The group split into separate independent organizations in India and Pakistan -- Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan and Jamaat-e-Islami Hind—following the Partition of India in 1947. Other groups related to or inspired by JI developed in Bangladesh, Kashmir, Britain, and Afghanistan (see below). The JI parties maintains ties internationally with other Muslim groups.[4]

Maududi created the party to influence the leadership of the Muslim community dominated by the Muslim League who sought a separate, independent state for Muslims (to be called Pakistan) following the withdrawal of the British from India. The Muslim League wanted to prevent domination of Muslims by the majority Hindus, but expressed no interest in an Islamic state, i.e. ruling the state according to Sharia law, the traditional injunctions of the Quran and Sunnah. These included abolition of interest-charged on loans, sexual separation and veiling of women, hadd penalties such as flogging and amputation for alcohol consumption, theft, fornication, and other crimes.[5]

Maududi created Jamaat-e-Islami with the objective of making post-colonial India (or a separate Muslim state if the Muslim League got its wish), an Islamic state.[6] Although this would be the result of an "Islamic revolution", the revolution was to be achieved not through a mass organizing or a popular uprising but by what he called "Islamization from above", by winning over society's leaders through education and propaganda, and through putting the right people (JI members) in positions of power.[7][8][9] incrementally and through legal means.[10][11]

Mawdudi believed politics was "an integral, inseparable part of the Islamic faith". Islamic ideology and non-Islamic ideologies (such as capitalism and socialism, liberalism or secularism) were mutually exclusive. The creation of an Islamic state would be not only be an act of piety but would be a cure for all of the many (seemingly non-religious) social and economic problems that Muslims faced.[8][9] Those working for an Islamic state would not stop at India or Pakistan but would effect a sweeping revolution among mankind, and control all aspects of the world's life.[12] It opposed such practices such as offering bank interest.[citation needed]

Groups associated with Jamaat-e-Islami[edit]

Splinter groups[edit]

  • Tanzeem-e-Islami was formed by author and Islamic scholar Israr Ahmed in 1975 following his break with the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) party in 1957, after the JI entered electoral politics in Pakistan.

History[edit]

Maududi opposed British rule but also opposed both the anti-colonialist Muslim nationalist Muslim League's proposal for a separate Muslim state led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and the "composite nationalism" (muttahida qaumiyyat) idea of Jam'iyyat al-Ulama-ye Hind and Deobandi scholar Husain Ahmad Madani for a united independent India with separate institutional structures for Hindus and Muslims.[22]

Although Maududi believed Muslims formed a separate nation from the Hindus of India, he initially opposed the partition of India to create a "Muslim state" circumscribed to Muslim-majority regions, agitating instead for an "Islamic state" covering the whole of India[8][23]—this despite the fact Muslims made up only about one quarter of India's population.

In his view Muslims were not one religious or communal group among many working to advance their social and economic interests, but a group `based upon principles and upon a theory` or ideology, like the fascist or communist parties in Italy, Germany and Russia. Just as those parties were a minority of their own country but had the "organization, discipline, and social effectiveness", to take political control, so a Salih Jamaat, (a "righteous" party or community) that had "a clearly defined ideology, allegiance to a single leader, obedience, and discipline",[24] would be able to transform the whole of India into Dar al-Islam.[24] Unlike the fascists and communists, once in power an Islamic state would not be not oppressive or tyrannical, but just and benevolent to all, because its ideology was based on God's commands.[25] [26]

In 1940, the Muslim League met in Lahore and passed the Pakistan Resolution, calling for autonomous states in the Muslim majority areas of India. Maududi believed the nationalism in any form was un-Islamic, concerned with mundane interests of people and not Islam.[27] In response he launched his own party, Jamaat-e-Islami, founded on 26 August 1941, at Islamia Park, Lahore.[28] Seventy-five people attended the first meeting and became the first 75 members of the movement.

Maududi saw his group as a vanguard of Islamic revolution following the footsteps of early Muslims who gathered in Medina to found the first "Islamic state".[8][9] Members uttered the Shahada, the traditional statement of conversion to Islam, when they joined, implying to some that Jama'ati felt they had been less-than-true Muslims before joining.[29] JI was and is strictly and hierarchically organized in a pyramid-like structure. All supporters work toward the common goal of establishing an ideological Islamic society, particularly though educational and social work, under the leadership of the emir.[23][30] Being a vanguard party, not all supporters could be members, only the elite. Below members were/are "affiliates", and "sympathizers" beneath them. The party leader is called an ameer (commander).[31]

Maududi sought to educate the elite of the Muslim community in the principles of Islam and correct "their erroneous ways of thinking" both because he believed societies were influenced from the top down,[32] and because the Westernized Muslim elite of colonial India supported secular democracy while the mass of the Muslim population favoured an Islamic state.[33]

During the years before the partition of India, JI stood aloof from the intense political fights of the time in India, concentrating on "training and organizing" and refining and strengthening the structure of JI.[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van der Veer P. and Munshi S. (eds.) "Media, War, and Terrorism: Responses from the Middle East and Asia." Psychology Press, 2004 p138. ISBN 0415331404, 9780415331401.
  2. ^ Roy, Olivier (1994). The Failure of Political Islam. Harvard University Press. p. 35. The origins of today's Islamist thought and organizations can be traced to the Society of the Muslim Brotherhood, created by the school teacher Hasan al-Banna in Egypt in 1928, and the Jamaat-i-Islami of Pakistan, established by Abul Ala Maududi... 
  3. ^ "Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan Islamic Assembly Jamaat-e-Islami-e-Pakistan (JIP)". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, 2010: p.171
  5. ^ Ruthven, Malise (2000). Islam in the World (2nd ed.). Penguin. p. 330-1. 
  6. ^ Adams, Charles J. (1983). "Maududi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 105. [JI] purpose was to prepare and organized and disciplined group of sincere Muslims capable of achieving the victory of Islam in the subcontinent. Thus, were the efforts toward partition to fail, there would be a group to counter the results of the failure; and were the efforts to succeed, there would be a group to spread the knowledge of Islam in both India and Pakistan. 
  7. ^ Mortimer, Edward (1982). Faith and Power : the Politics of Islam. Vintage Books. p. 204. The political doctrine which he based on this view [was] ... Islam had to be enforced, and all that was needed for that purpose was to ensure that the right people, holding the right ideas, should occupy the post of governors. ... He put implicit faith in the party which he founded.... His programme for the future of Pakistan was the expansion of the Jama'at-e Islami until it had absorbed the state and had, for all intents and purposes become the state. 
  8. ^ a b c d Kepel, Gilles (2002). Jihad: on the Trail of Political Islam. Belknap Press. p. 34. 
  9. ^ a b c Nasr, S.V.R. (1994). The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: the Jamaat-i Islami of Pakistan. I.B.Tauris. p. 7. Once the leadership had been won over to Islam -- the Jama'at taking power -- the society would be Islamized and all socioeconomic maladies would be automatically cured 
  10. ^ Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, 2010: p.122
  11. ^ Nasr, S.V.R. (1994). The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: the Jamaat-i Islami of Pakistan. I.B.Tauris. p. 8. 
  12. ^ Adams, Charles J (1983). "Mawdudi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 105. ...In a speech delivered to the Jamaat-i-Islami in Lahore in December of 1944, Mawdudi ... the cure for [the world's evils] is to organize a group dedicated to righteousness. ... [and made] a ringing declaration that such a group, once formed, would be able to control all aspects of the world's life and to effect a sweeping revolution among mankind. 
  13. ^ Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism, 2012:p.223
  14. ^ "Jama’at-e-Islami Jammu & Kashmir". Official website. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Kepel, Gilles (2002). Jihad: on the trail of Political Islam. Belknap. p. 141. 
  16. ^ Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, 2010: p.173
  17. ^ Saikal, Amin (2012). Modern Afghanistan: A History of Struggle and Survival. I.B.Tauris. p. 214. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  18. ^ Roy, Olivier (1992). Islam and resistance in Afghanistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-521-39700-1. 
  19. ^ "UK Islamic Mission conference". August 1994 Vol. II, No. 8, p. 6/7. British Muslims Monthly Survey. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  20. ^ "Abul A'ala Maududi Forum - Sri Lanka". 26 May 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  21. ^ Roy, Olivier; Sfeir, Antoine; King, Dr. John (eds.). "Britain". The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism. Columbia University Press. p. 93. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  22. ^ Malik, Jamal. Islam in South Asia: A Short History. BRILL. p. 370. 
  23. ^ a b Kepel G. "Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam." I.B.Tauris, 2006 p.34 ISBN 1845112571, 9781845112578.
  24. ^ a b Adams, Maududi and the Islamic State, 1983: p.104
  25. ^ Mortimer, Edward (1982). Faith and Power : the Politics of Islam. Vintage Books. p. 204. The political doctrine which he based on this view [was] ... Islam had to be enforced, and all that was needed for that purpose was to ensure that the right people, holding the right ideas, should occupy the post of governors. ... He put implicit faith in the party which he had founded, the Jama'at-i-Islami, as a tool for achieving the Islamic revolution that would put such people into power; and he cited the Fascists in Italy and Germany, and the Communists in Russia, as examples of groups which though tiny minorities in a total population, were able to exercise effective control. His programme for the future of Pakistan was the expansion of the Jama'at-e-Islami until it had absorbed the state and had, to all intents and purposes, become the state. Such a totalitarian approach might justifiably cause alarm in the case of communism or fascism, but in the service of Islam, he thought, it need alarm no one, since God's commands working in the life of the state would be just and benevolent to all. 
  26. ^ Charles J. Adams (1966), "The Ideology of Mawlana Maududi" in D.E. Smith (ed.) South Asian Politics and Religion (Princeton) pp.375, 381-90.
  27. ^ Adams, Charles J (1983). "Mawdudi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. pp. 104–5. ...the Muslim League passed its now famous Lahore Resolution which called for the establishment of autonomous states in the Muslim majority areas of the subcontinent. ... using the same argument Mawdudi had employed, that the Muslims of India were a distinct nation ... [Mawdudi disapproved] substituted Muslim nationalism for Indian nationalism and nationalism in whatever form was bad. Both were fundamentally secularist conceptions of the Muslim destiny, and both were concerned with the mundane interests of people, not their ultimate orientation. 
  28. ^ Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism, 2012:pli
  29. ^ Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism, 1996: p.110
  30. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam & the Muslim World| By Richard C. Martín| Granite Hill Publishers|2004|p.371
  31. ^ Adel G. H. et al. (eds.) "Muslim Organisations in the Twentieth Century: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam." EWI Press, 2012 p.70 ISBN 1908433094, 9781908433091.
  32. ^ Adams, Charles J. (1983). "Maududi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 102. He believed that practical social change was impossible unless the theoretical views held by the leadership changed first. ... The task then was one of education in the principles of Islam, of religious nurture, and of correction of the erroneous ways of thinking into which the Muslim upper classes had been seduced the agents of jahiliyyah. 
  33. ^ Adams, Charles J (1983). "Mawdudi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. pp. 106–7. ...popular sentiment was strongly in favor of an Islamic state .... Maududi and Jamaat-i Islami were not alone in agitating for the Islamic state. They were joined by a variety of other bodies and individuals, ... and had behind them the sympathies of the mass of the population. 
  34. ^ Adams, "Maududi and the Islamic State", 1983: p.105-6
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