|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 4th district
March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1817
|Preceded by||new district|
|Succeeded by||Samuel Herrick|
November 30, 1770|
|Died||May 5, 1838
|Resting place||Epicopal Cemetery, St. Clairsville, Ohio|
Caldwell was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and moved to Wheeling, which was at the time in Virginia. He came to St. Clairsville, Ohio in 1799. He purchased the first lot in the village, and opened a store in 1801. He bevame wealthy and was the first president of the Belmont Bank of St. Clairsville. When Belmont County was organized in 1801, Northwest Territory Governor Arthur St. Clair named him Clerk of Courts.
He ran for his first term in Congress in 1812 as a captain in the militia supporting the administration and the War of 1812 against Federalist candidate Bezaleel Wells. All six seats in Ohio were won by Democratic-Republicans, but Caldwell was the only one who supported the Tammany wing of the party. He was elected to the 13th and 14th United States Congresses (1813-03-04 – 1817-03-03).
After he retired from Congress, he resumed business in St. Clairsville.
|Senator from Belmont County
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