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The 1964 murders of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman
The 1964 murders of Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: Jim Crow Museum
1964 NBC NEWS SPECIAL REPORT: Chaney, Goodman & Schwerner!!
1964 NBC NEWS SPECIAL REPORT: Chaney, Goodman & Schwerner!!
Published: 2014/09/01
Channel: Hezakya Starr
The Eulogy, "Freedom Summer" clip 17
The Eulogy, "Freedom Summer" clip 17
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: AmericanExperiencePBS
james chaney
james chaney
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: meridianfamily
James Chaney - Meridian Civil Rights Trail
James Chaney - Meridian Civil Rights Trail
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: visitmeridian
Goon Squad
Goon Squad's James "CKYK" Chaney vs Sam "The Ram" Spengler at Dragon House 10
Published: 2013/09/14
Channel: FallenAngel510
WFC 27 | James Chaney Vs Christian Fulglum September 12th,2014 at the Belle Of Baton Rouge
WFC 27 | James Chaney Vs Christian Fulglum September 12th,2014 at the Belle Of Baton Rouge
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: World Fighting Championships
Dragon House 21: Mikey Gonzalez Vs. James Chaney
Dragon House 21: Mikey Gonzalez Vs. James Chaney
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Dragon House MMA
Bodies of Slain Civil Rights Workers Found - 1964 | Today in History | 21 June 16
Bodies of Slain Civil Rights Workers Found - 1964 | Today in History | 21 June 16
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: British Movietone
"Angela Lewis On Her Father, James E. Chaney, & The Mississippi Burning Case..."~8/4/2014
"Angela Lewis On Her Father, James E. Chaney, & The Mississippi Burning Case..."~8/4/2014
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Witness To The JFK Assassination Officer James Chaney Interviewed Shortly After The Shooting
Witness To The JFK Assassination Officer James Chaney Interviewed Shortly After The Shooting
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: JFK Assassination Forum
RICKY LEGERE vs JAMES CHANEY Flawless FC 3- "California Love"
RICKY LEGERE vs JAMES CHANEY Flawless FC 3- "California Love"
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: Deividas Flawless FC
James Chaney vs Kris Hocum
James Chaney vs Kris Hocum
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: Kris "Captain Awesome" Hocum
FBI Investigations: The True Story of Missisippi Burning
FBI Investigations: The True Story of Missisippi Burning
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: MCterrorfish
Ultimate Fighter Fridays - James Chaney
Ultimate Fighter Fridays - James Chaney
Published: 2012/08/28
Channel: The Ultimate Fighter
David Dennis Deputy Director Freedom Summer 1964 C.O.R.E
David Dennis Deputy Director Freedom Summer 1964 C.O.R.E
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: Freedom50MS
Character Over Circumstance Episode 2: James Chaney
Character Over Circumstance Episode 2: James Chaney
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: James Chaney
Remembering the "Mississippi Burning" murders
Remembering the "Mississippi Burning" murders
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: CBSN
James Chaney Promotional Video
James Chaney Promotional Video
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: James Chaney
August 1964 - Martin Luther King - Missing Civil Rights Workers found dead
August 1964 - Martin Luther King - Missing Civil Rights Workers found dead
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: HelmerReenberg
Mississippi Burning: As Ferguson Erupts, Obama Honors Civil Rights Activists Slain By Klan in 1964
Mississippi Burning: As Ferguson Erupts, Obama Honors Civil Rights Activists Slain By Klan in 1964
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: Democracy Now!
August 4, 1964:  Bodies of Murdered Civil Rights Workers Found in Mississippi
August 4, 1964: Bodies of Murdered Civil Rights Workers Found in Mississippi
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Voices of the Civil Rights Movement
Chaney Goodman & Schwerner
Chaney Goodman & Schwerner
Published: 2008/06/14
Channel: ItsMyDream2
2015 Heritage Awards   James Chaney
2015 Heritage Awards James Chaney
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Mississippi Power
Feds Close Books On
Feds Close Books On 'Mississippi Burning' Slayings
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: Wochit News
Dr. James Chaney Defense Laid Out in Court Today
Dr. James Chaney Defense Laid Out in Court Today
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: WYMT Television
Freedom Summer Dave Dennis James Chaney Refuge Temple Church Freedom 50th Sunday William Bonner
Freedom Summer Dave Dennis James Chaney Refuge Temple Church Freedom 50th Sunday William Bonner
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: Bridget Deline
Jimmy Scully vs James Chaney
Jimmy Scully vs James Chaney
Published: 2015/01/31
Channel: Jimmy Scully
5150 FightWear Presents - James Chaney vs Billy Carothers
5150 FightWear Presents - James Chaney vs Billy Carothers
Published: 2012/05/20
Channel: 5150Fightwear
Mikey Gonzalez vs James Chaney
Mikey Gonzalez vs James Chaney
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: MMA Vine
Nicole Carpenter
Nicole Carpenter's Documentary of Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew Goodman
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Nicole Carpenter
1964 NBC NEWS SPECIAL REPORT: Chaney, Goodman & Schwerner!!
1964 NBC NEWS SPECIAL REPORT: Chaney, Goodman & Schwerner!!
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: Jekokesoj Ota
James Chaney 2020 Lacrosse Highlights
James Chaney 2020 Lacrosse Highlights
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: James Chaney
Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner
Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner
Published: 2012/01/16
Channel: hyvonnies1
Murder in Mississippi (1990)
Murder in Mississippi (1990)
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: TheBlackestPanther
GoonSquad
GoonSquad's James "CKYK" Chaney vs Kris "Captain Awesome" Hocum
Published: 2013/09/14
Channel: FallenAngel510
Mikey Gonzalez Vs  James Chaney  vk com nice ufc
Mikey Gonzalez Vs James Chaney vk com nice ufc
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: новый канал-https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCReK59KnuREB2P6kEGFL80g
FBI Investigations: The True Story of Missisippi Burning (1964)
FBI Investigations: The True Story of Missisippi Burning (1964)
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: ELITE: Special Operations Forces - Law Enforcement Agencys - Intelligence Services
Mikey Gonzalez Head kick knockout of James Chaney
Mikey Gonzalez Head kick knockout of James Chaney
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Mmagamesnfighting
God
God's Gonna Cut You Down - James Chaney - Cover - London Music Club
Published: 2014/12/28
Channel: DRnR Studios 2007 - 2017 by MC DeRoK
JFK Assassination Witness Officer James Chaney
JFK Assassination Witness Officer James Chaney
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: JFK Assassination Forum
Chaney testifies in federal drug trial
Chaney testifies in federal drug trial
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: WYMT Television
Team Stockton
Team Stockton's James Chaney interview with MMA-KO' s Jeff Gallion The Stallion
Published: 2009/11/18
Channel: gallion1
James Chaney accepts 50-year sentence for murder
James Chaney accepts 50-year sentence for murder
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: Fox Beaumont
James Chaney agrees to 50-year sentence in mur
James Chaney agrees to 50-year sentence in mur
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: KFDM YouTube
Power of Giving Ep. 1: Anna
Power of Giving Ep. 1: Anna
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: James Chaney
Kris Hocum vs James Chaney  3.30.2013
Kris Hocum vs James Chaney 3.30.2013
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: Rory McGee
L
L'Chayim: David Goodman (Andrew Goodman's brother)
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: JBS
James Chaney Pancrase (Torres Pacific Coast Martial Arts)
James Chaney Pancrase (Torres Pacific Coast Martial Arts)
Published: 2009/06/29
Channel: 707swiftkick
Mississippi Burning at 50: Relatives of Civil Rights Workers Look Back at Murders that Shaped an Era
Mississippi Burning at 50: Relatives of Civil Rights Workers Look Back at Murders that Shaped an Era
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Democracy Now!
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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James E Chaney
JamesChaney.jpg
Born James Earl Chaney
(1943-05-30)May 30, 1943
Meridian, Mississippi
Died June 21, 1964(1964-06-21) (aged 21)
Mississippi, U.S.
Cause of death Murder

James Earl Chaney (May 30, 1943 – June 21, 1964), from Meridian, Mississippi, was one of three American civil rights workers who were murdered during Freedom Summer by members of the Ku Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi. The others were Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner from New York City.

Early life and education[edit]

Chaney was born in Meridian, Mississippi, the elder son of Fannie Lee and Ben Chaney, Sr. His brother Ben was nine years younger, born in 1952, and he had three sisters, Barbara, Janice, and Julia.[1] His parents separated for a time when James was young.[citation needed]

James attended Catholic school for the first nine grades. At the age of 15 in high school, he and other students began wearing paper patches reading "NAACP", to mark their support for the national civil rights organization, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1910. They were suspended for a week from the segregated high school, because the principal feared the reaction of the all-white school board.[citation needed]

After high school, Chaney started as an apprentice in a trade union with his father.[citation needed]

Biography[edit]

In 1962, Chaney participated in a Freedom Ride from Tennessee to Greenville, Mississippi, and in another from Greenville to Meridian. He and his younger brother participated in other non-violent demonstrations, as well. James Chaney started volunteering in late 1963, and joined the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in Meridian.[2] He organized voter education classes, introduced CORE workers to local church leaders, and helped CORE workers get around the counties.

In 1964, he met with leaders of the Mt. Nebo Baptist Church to gain their support for letting Michael Schwerner, CORE's local leader, come to address the church members, to encourage them to use the church for voter education and registration.[3] Chaney also acted as a liaison with other CORE members.[4]

Murder[edit]

Missing persons poster created by the FBI in 1964, shows the photographs of Andrew Goodman, James Chaney, and Michael Schwerner.

Chaney and fellow civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner and Andrew Goodman, were killed near the town of Philadelphia, Mississippi. They were investigating the burning of Mt. Zion Methodist Church, which had been a site for a CORE Freedom School. In the wake of Schwerner and Chaney's voter registration rallies, parishioners had been beaten by whites. They accused the Sheriff's Deputy, Cecil Price, of stopping their caravan and forcing the deacons to kneel in the headlights of their own cars, while white men beat them with rifle butts. The same whites who beat them were also identified as having burned the church.

Price arrested Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner for an alleged traffic violation and took them to the Neshoba County jail. They were released that evening, without being allowed to telephone anyone. On the way back to Meridian, they were stopped by patrol lights and two carloads of KKK members on Highway 19, then taken in Price's car to another remote rural road. The men approached then shot and killed Schwerner, then Goodman, and finally, after chain-whipping him, Chaney. They buried the young men in an earthen dam nearby.

The men's bodies remained undiscovered for 44 days. The FBI was brought into the case by John Doar, the Department of Justice representative in Mississippi monitoring the situation during Freedom Summer. The missing civil rights workers became a major national story, especially coming on top of other events as civil rights workers were active across Mississippi in a voter registration drive.

Schwerner's widow Rita, who also worked for CORE in Meridian, expressed indignation that the press had ignored previous murders and disappearances of blacks in the area, but had highlighted this case because two white men from New York had gone missing. She said she believed that if only Chaney were missing, the case would not have received nearly as much attention.[5]

Aftermath for family[edit]

After the funeral of their older son, the Chaneys left Mississippi because of death threats. Helped by the Goodman and Schwerner families, and other supporters, they moved to New York City, where Chaney's younger brother Ben attended a private, majority-white high school.

In 1969, Ben joined the Black Panther Party and Black Liberation Army. In 1970, he went to Florida with two friends to buy guns; the two friends killed men in South Carolina and Florida, and Chaney was also convicted of murder in Florida. Chaney served 13 years and, after gaining parole, founded the James Earl Chaney Foundation in his brother's honor. Since 1985, he has worked "as a legal clerk for the former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark, the lawyer who secured his parole".[1]

Federal trial[edit]

In 1967, the US government went to trial, charging ten men with conspiracy to deprive the three murdered men of their civil rights under the Enforcement Act of 1870, the only federal law then applying to the case. The jury convicted seven men, including Deputy Sheriff Price, and three were acquitted, including Edgar Ray Killen, the former Ku Klux Klan organizer who had planned and directed the murders.[citation needed]

State investigation[edit]

A memorial to Andrew Goodman, James Earl Chaney, and Michael H. Schwerner at Mt. Nebo Missionary Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Mississippi.

Over the years, activists had called for the state to prosecute the murders. The journalist Jerry Mitchell, an award-winning investigative reporter for the Jackson Clarion-Ledger, had discovered new evidence and written extensively about the case for six years.[1] Mitchell had earned renown for helping secure convictions in several other high-profile Civil Rights Era murder cases, including the assassination of Medgar Evers, the Birmingham church bombing, and the murder of Vernon Dahmer. He developed new evidence about the civil rights murders, found new witnesses, and pressured the State to prosecute. It began an investigation in the early years of the 2000s.

Marker near 70th Street/Freedom Place near Riverside Boulevard in New York City commemorating the three civil rights activists murdered in Mississippi in 1964

In 2004, Barry Bradford, an Illinois high school teacher, and his three students, Allison Nichols, Sarah Siegel, and Brittany Saltiel, joined Mitchell's efforts in a special project. They conducted additional research and created a documentary about their work. Their documentary, produced for the National History Day contest, presented important new evidence and compelling reasons for reopening the case. They obtained a taped interview with Edgar Ray Killen, who had been acquitted in the first trial. He had been an outspoken white supremacist nicknamed the "Preacher". The interview helped convince the State to reopen an investigation into the murders.

In 2005, the state charged Killen in the murders of the three activists; he was the only one of six living suspects to be charged.[1] When the trial opened on January 7, 2005, Killen pleaded "Not guilty". Evidence was presented that he had supervised the murders. Not sure that Killen intended in advance for the activists to be killed by the Klan, the jury found him guilty of three counts of manslaughter on June 20, 2005, and he was sentenced to 60 years in prison—20 years for each count, to be served consecutively.

Believing there are other men involved in his brother's death who should be charged as accomplices to murder, as Killen was, Ben Chaney has said: "I'm not as sad as I was. But I'm still angry".[1]

Legacy and honors[edit]

  • In 1998, Ben Chaney established the James Earl Chaney Foundation in his older brother's honor, to promote the work of civil rights and social justice.[6]
  • Chaney, along with Goodman and Schwerner, received a posthumous Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama in 2014.[7]

Cultural references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Klibanoff, Hank (December 2008). "The Lasting Impact of a Civil Rights Icon's Murder". Smithsonian. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "James Chaney fought for civil rights | African American Registry". www.aaregistry.org. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  3. ^ Grayson, April. "The Philadelphia Coalition: Uniting for Justice". www.neshobajustice.com. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  4. ^ Cagin, Seth (2006). We are Not Afraid: The Story of Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi. Nation Books. p. 207. 
  5. ^ Eyes on the Prize: Mississippi: Is This America?. YouTube. 
  6. ^ "Ben Chaney | JAMES EARL CHANEY FOUNDATION". www.jecf.org. Retrieved 2017-02-07. 
  7. ^ "President Obama Names Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom". 10 November 2014. 

External links[edit]

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