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James Hood - 12 uses of Time
James Hood - 12 uses of Time
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: James Hood
James Huud - One Dollar [Official Video]
James Huud - One Dollar [Official Video]
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Yoozy
James Hood - Cherry Mandala
James Hood - Cherry Mandala
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Multidimensional
James Hood - Multidimensional
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Ceremony Live
James Hood - Ceremony Live
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Sweet Acceptance
James Hood - Sweet Acceptance
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: James Hood
Hood Adjacent with James Davis - Getting a Hood Pass
Hood Adjacent with James Davis - Getting a Hood Pass
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Comedy Central
James Hood - Breathe (Original)
James Hood - Breathe (Original)
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: One Mic - One Take
James Hood Hitting Practice
James Hood Hitting Practice
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: hoodzter1
Pastor James Hood
Pastor James Hood
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: James Hood
James Hood Guitar   Custom Guitar Promo
James Hood Guitar Custom Guitar Promo
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: James Hood Guitar
*C.C. White - Soul Kirtan* ✩NEW✩ *James Hood - Ceremony* (Imaginary Friend - Don
*C.C. White - Soul Kirtan* ✩NEW✩ *James Hood - Ceremony* (Imaginary Friend - Don't You Wanna)
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: songbird4yourheart
Koro - James Hood
Koro - James Hood
Published: 2011/02/17
Channel: floorange
James Huud-Hating  ( official music video )
James Huud-Hating ( official music video )
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: James Huud
James Hood and Bri -  Acoustic cover Oasis - Hello
James Hood and Bri - Acoustic cover Oasis - Hello
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: Jenni Ratchett
African Americans Hood and Malone admitted to Univ of Alabama after President Ken...HD Stock Footage
African Americans Hood and Malone admitted to Univ of Alabama after President Ken...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/07
Channel: CriticalPast
James Hood - Hang Improvisation 3
James Hood - Hang Improvisation 3
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: James Hood
James Hood: Breaking Barriers
James Hood: Breaking Barriers
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: GadsdenTimes
James Hood Morning Breeze Radio Interview
James Hood Morning Breeze Radio Interview
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Ceremony - EPK
James Hood - Ceremony - EPK
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: James Hood
James Hood (Jimud) - Wonderwall
James Hood (Jimud) - Wonderwall
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: James Hood
James Hood ~ Sonic Ashram (official video)
James Hood ~ Sonic Ashram (official video)
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: James Hood
The HOOD-a-Ween Chronicles (part 1) | Sheedra
The HOOD-a-Ween Chronicles (part 1) | Sheedra
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: Alx James
Wish You Were Here - James Hood - Eastern Suburbs School of Music
Wish You Were Here - James Hood - Eastern Suburbs School of Music
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Eastern Suburbs School of Music
Hood Adjacent with James Davis - Trap Cover: The National Anthem
Hood Adjacent with James Davis - Trap Cover: The National Anthem
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Comedy Central
Crystals (Blues Ballad) - Original by James Hood
Crystals (Blues Ballad) - Original by James Hood
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: JamesHoodMusic
Kery james-Boys in the hood
Kery james-Boys in the hood
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: EDgE LoRD
James Hood "Perpetuality" VR Experience
James Hood "Perpetuality" VR Experience
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Brianna Amore
James Hood - "Everyday"
James Hood - "Everyday"
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
James Hood -  Ceremony for  #ISHAR culture/music - Deepak Chopra
James Hood - Ceremony for #ISHAR culture/music - Deepak Chopra
Published: 2014/09/28
Channel: The Chopra Well
Timberline Guitars - James Hood
Timberline Guitars - James Hood
Published: 2012/03/15
Channel: Steele Rutherford
Integration of UA: James Hood
Integration of UA: James Hood
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Joshua N Smith
James Hood Funeral
James Hood Funeral
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: GadsdenTimes
Nutshell-James Hood
Nutshell-James Hood
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: TheJimhood
james hood at blundie
james hood at blundie
Published: 2008/04/01
Channel: djbrown69ER
JAMES HOOD & KID ROUDI - SUPERCOOL/WHOPPER/SPACEJUMP [EP] ⑤ EDM electronic dance music records 2014
JAMES HOOD & KID ROUDI - SUPERCOOL/WHOPPER/SPACEJUMP [EP] ⑤ EDM electronic dance music records 2014
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: OTB Music Publishing
James Davis Talks About His Show, "Hood Adjacent With James Davis"
James Davis Talks About His Show, "Hood Adjacent With James Davis"
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: BUILD Series
James Hood Pitching 3/26/09
James Hood Pitching 3/26/09
Published: 2009/03/29
Channel: hoodzter1
James Hood BED OF NAILZ
James Hood BED OF NAILZ
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: james hood
Sara Patrick and James Hood - ESSM Unplugged
Sara Patrick and James Hood - ESSM Unplugged
Published: 2015/10/17
Channel: Eastern Suburbs School of Music
James Hood
James Hood
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: hoodzter1
EDDIE
EDDIE'S RIDE by James Hood
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Jimmythehood523
"My Sweet Lord" (Cover) C.C. White, James Hood (in the studio) and Chrissie Hynde.
"My Sweet Lord" (Cover) C.C. White, James Hood (in the studio) and Chrissie Hynde.
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: songbird4yourheart
James Hood - "Can
James Hood - "Can't Find My Way Home"
Published: 2013/10/21
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
Classic Dance Routine with Tamra & James Hood - Swing In the City !
Classic Dance Routine with Tamra & James Hood - Swing In the City !
Published: 2010/03/26
Channel: Swango1cars
James Hood - "You And Tequila"
James Hood - "You And Tequila"
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
Describing Photographs James Hood AS 280
Describing Photographs James Hood AS 280
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: James Hood
James Hood, Bill Warner, Bruce Lant, Skip Smaldone - "Angel From Montgomery"
James Hood, Bill Warner, Bruce Lant, Skip Smaldone - "Angel From Montgomery"
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
Dirt Cheap, James Hood, Robin Barkenhagen - "With a Little Help From My Friends"
Dirt Cheap, James Hood, Robin Barkenhagen - "With a Little Help From My Friends"
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
Setting the Technical Direction for Your Team with James Hood
Setting the Technical Direction for Your Team with James Hood
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: SimpleLeadership
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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James A. Hood
James Hood plaque.jpg
Plaque commemorating Hood at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Born (1942-11-10)November 10, 1942
Gadsden, Alabama, U.S.
Died January 17, 2013(2013-01-17) (aged 70)
Gadsden, Alabama, U.S.
Education Clark College
University of Alabama
Wayne State University
Michigan State University
Occupation Civil rights activist; chairman of public safety services
Known for Among first African Americans to register at the University of Alabama

James Alexander Hood (November 10, 1942 – January 17, 2013) was one of the first African Americans to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963 and was made famous when Alabama Governor George Wallace blocked him from enrolling at the all-white university, an incident which became known as the "Stand in the Schoolhouse Door".[1]

On June 11, 1963, in a ceremonial demonstration, Wallace stood in front of the university's Foster Auditorium. Hood arrived to pay his fees, accompanied by Vivian Malone and U.S. Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach. Wallace intended to keep true to his promise of upholding segregation in the state and stopping "integration at the schoolhouse door".[2] As Malone and Hood waited in a car, Deputy Attorney General Katzenbach and a small team of federal marshals confronted Wallace to demand that Malone and Hood be allowed entry by order of the state court and for Wallace to step aside. Wallace had not only refused the order, but he interrupted Katzenbach; in front of the crowds of media crews surrounding him, Wallace delivered a short, symbolic speech concerning state sovereignty, claiming that "The unwelcomed, unwanted, unwarranted and force-induced intrusion upon the campus of the University of Alabama... of the might of the Central Government offers frightful example of the oppression of the rights, privileges and sovereignty of this State by officers of the Federal Government." [3]

After seeing that Wallace would not step aside, Katzenbach called upon the assistance of President John F. Kennedy to force Wallace to permit the black students' entry into the university.[4] President Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard later the same day, which put them under the command of the President, rather than the Governor of Alabama. Guardsmen escorted Hood and Malone back to the auditorium, where Wallace moved aside at the request of General Henry Graham. Hood and Malone then entered the building, albeit through another door.[5] Hood left the university after only two months but returned in 1995 to begin earning his doctorate degree.[6] On May 17, 1997 he received his Ph.D. in interdisciplinary studies.[7]

In 1997, Wallace planned to give Hood his degree, but poor health prevented him from attending the ceremony. Hood himself was convinced that Wallace was sincere after that meeting, as he wrote in an interchange following the PBS documentary on Wallace, Setting the Woods on Fire. Hood attended Wallace's funeral in 1998, imploring others to forgive Wallace as he had,[8] as Wallace had publicly apologized for his actions.[9]

Hood also received a bachelor's degree from Michigan's Wayne State University and a master's degree from Michigan State University. He later moved to Wisconsin, where he worked at the Madison Area Technical College for 26 years. He retired in 2002 as chairman of public safety services in charge of police and fire training.[10] He then moved back to Gadsden, Alabama, the city in which he was born, where he died at home on January 17, 2013 at the age of 70.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blaustein, Albert P. (1991), Civil Rights and African Americans: A Documentary History, Northwestern University Press, p. 483, ISBN 0-8101-0920-4 
  2. ^ Elliot, Debbie. Wallace in the Schoolhouse Door. NPR. June 11, 2003. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  3. ^ "Alabama Department of Archives and History, Governor George C. Wallace's School House Door Speech". Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Culpepper, Clark (1993), The Schoolhouse Door, Oxford University Press, p. 227.
  5. ^ Palmer, Michael E. (2003-06-08). "Alabama segregation date approaches". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  6. ^ "Civil rights pioneer Vivian Jones dies". USA Today. Associated Press. 2005-10-13. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  7. ^ "James Hood, who integrated University of Alabama, dies at 70". The Washington Post. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-02-02. 
  8. ^ Bragg, Rick (1998-09-17). "Quietly, Alabama Troopers Escort Wallace for Last Time". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  9. ^ Leff, Mark (1998-09-10). "Wallace symbolized segregation, reconciliation". CNN. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  10. ^ "James Hood dies; defied segregation at U. of Ala.". CBS News. Associated Press. January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  11. ^ Trounson, Rebecca (January 19, 2013). "James A. Hood dies at 70; fought segregation at University of Alabama". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 

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