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James Hood - Tapestry (official video)
James Hood - Tapestry (official video)
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Perpetually 4k (Contemplation Tool)
James Hood - Perpetually 4k (Contemplation Tool)
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Mesmerica (Official Video)
James Hood - Mesmerica (Official Video)
Published: 2017/12/09
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - 12 uses of Time
James Hood - 12 uses of Time
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Cherry Mandala
James Hood - Cherry Mandala
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Sweet Acceptance
James Hood - Sweet Acceptance
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Multidimensional
James Hood - Multidimensional
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Ceremony Live
James Hood - Ceremony Live
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: James Hood
James Hood ~ Sonic Ashram (official video)
James Hood ~ Sonic Ashram (official video)
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: James Hood
James Hood "Perpetuality" VR Experience
James Hood "Perpetuality" VR Experience
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Brianna Amore
***Welcome to Mesmerica***
***Welcome to Mesmerica***
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: James Hood
James Hood Morning Breeze Radio Interview
James Hood Morning Breeze Radio Interview
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Hang Improvisation 3
James Hood - Hang Improvisation 3
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Ceremony - EPK
James Hood - Ceremony - EPK
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: James Hood
Introducing - Sonic Incense
Introducing - Sonic Incense
Published: 2017/12/16
Channel: James Hood
James Hood - Breathe (Original)
James Hood - Breathe (Original)
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: One Mic - One Take
James Huud - One Dollar [Official Video]
James Huud - One Dollar [Official Video]
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Yoozy
James Hood -  Ceremony for  #ISHAR culture/music - Deepak Chopra
James Hood - Ceremony for #ISHAR culture/music - Deepak Chopra
Published: 2014/09/28
Channel: The Chopra Well
Koro - James Hood
Koro - James Hood
Published: 2011/02/17
Channel: floorange
James Hood
James Hood
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: hoodzter1
James Hood Behind Scenes 3D Shoot with RED Epics  w / Ron James
James Hood Behind Scenes 3D Shoot with RED Epics w / Ron James
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: IvolveTV
James Hood - Hang improvisation 2
James Hood - Hang improvisation 2
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: James Hood
African Americans Hood and Malone admitted to Univ of Alabama after President Ken...HD Stock Footage
African Americans Hood and Malone admitted to Univ of Alabama after President Ken...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/07
Channel: CriticalPast
James Hood Guitar   Custom Guitar Promo
James Hood Guitar Custom Guitar Promo
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: James Hood Guitar
Integration of UA: James Hood
Integration of UA: James Hood
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Joshua N Smith
Wish You Were Here - James Hood - Eastern Suburbs School of Music
Wish You Were Here - James Hood - Eastern Suburbs School of Music
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Eastern Suburbs School of Music
James Hood: Breaking Barriers
James Hood: Breaking Barriers
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: The Gadsden Times
James Hood - "Everyday"
James Hood - "Everyday"
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
James Hood (Jimud) - Wonderwall
James Hood (Jimud) - Wonderwall
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: James Hood
Daniel James Hood
Daniel James Hood
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: castosa
James Hood Funeral
James Hood Funeral
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: The Gadsden Times
Get Hard - Will Ferrell Joins a Gang
Get Hard - Will Ferrell Joins a Gang
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: 2namezzz
James Hood, Bill Warner, Bruce Lant, Skip Smaldone - "Angel From Montgomery"
James Hood, Bill Warner, Bruce Lant, Skip Smaldone - "Angel From Montgomery"
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
Classic Dance Routine with Tamra & James Hood - Swing In the City !
Classic Dance Routine with Tamra & James Hood - Swing In the City !
Published: 2010/03/26
Channel: Swango1cars
James Hood - appearance
James Hood - appearance
Published: 2018/01/28
Channel: Name Look
EDDIE
EDDIE'S RIDE by James Hood
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Jimmythehood523
Describing Photographs James Hood AS 280
Describing Photographs James Hood AS 280
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: James Hood
Where are you going DMB cover - James Hood
Where are you going DMB cover - James Hood
Published: 2018/01/24
Channel: James Hood
James Hood Pitching 5/4/09
James Hood Pitching 5/4/09
Published: 2009/05/10
Channel: hoodzter1
James Hood, Skip Smaldone, Kenny T and Robin Barkenhagen - "Liza Jane"
James Hood, Skip Smaldone, Kenny T and Robin Barkenhagen - "Liza Jane"
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: Upst8MusicFanZone
Missionary James Hood
Missionary James Hood
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Ashland Street Baptist Church
Voodoo Chile - SRV - Cover by James Hood (Guitar) Jason Fados  (Drums) and David Hartney (Bass)
Voodoo Chile - SRV - Cover by James Hood (Guitar) Jason Fados (Drums) and David Hartney (Bass)
Published: 2016/04/09
Channel: Jenni Ratchett
james hood bmx backflip
james hood bmx backflip
Published: 2009/08/10
Channel: xoxjameshoodxox
The James Hood Conspiracy- A Video Documentary
The James Hood Conspiracy- A Video Documentary
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: FHB Everything
BED OF NAILZ by James Hood
BED OF NAILZ by James Hood
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Jimmythehood523
James Hood Interview with John Diliberto (Echoes)
James Hood Interview with John Diliberto (Echoes)
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: James Hood
Convey Your Brand Story ~ James Hood ~ Interview
Convey Your Brand Story ~ James Hood ~ Interview
Published: 2015/08/18
Channel: Jenny Kovacs
2018 01 20 Jeyson 170lbs   Div 2 Duals   James Hood LAKE
2018 01 20 Jeyson 170lbs Div 2 Duals James Hood LAKE
Published: 2018/01/22
Channel: East Jefferson Wrestling
James Hood Hitting Practice
James Hood Hitting Practice
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: hoodzter1
James Hood wall  flipping on a trapoline
James Hood wall flipping on a trapoline
Published: 2009/04/29
Channel: MissHannahDaisy
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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James A. Hood
James Hood plaque.jpg
Plaque commemorating Hood at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Born (1942-11-10)November 10, 1942
Gadsden, Alabama, U.S.
Died January 17, 2013(2013-01-17) (aged 70)
Gadsden, Alabama, U.S.
Education Clark College
University of Alabama
Wayne State University
Michigan State University
Occupation Civil rights activist; chairman of public safety services
Known for Among first African Americans to register at the University of Alabama

James Alexander Hood (November 10, 1942 – January 17, 2013) was one of the first African Americans to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963 and was made famous when Alabama Governor George Wallace blocked him from enrolling at the all-white university, an incident which became known as the "Stand in the Schoolhouse Door".[1]

On June 11, 1963, in a ceremonial demonstration, Wallace stood in front of the university's Foster Auditorium. Hood arrived to pay his fees, accompanied by Vivian Malone and U.S. Deputy Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach. Wallace intended to keep true to his promise of upholding segregation in the state and stopping "integration at the schoolhouse door".[2] As Malone and Hood waited in a car, Deputy Attorney General Katzenbach and a small team of federal marshals confronted Wallace to demand that Malone and Hood be allowed entry by order of the state court and for Wallace to step aside. Wallace had not only refused the order, but he interrupted Katzenbach; in front of the crowds of media crews surrounding him, Wallace delivered a short, symbolic speech concerning state sovereignty, claiming that "The unwelcomed, unwanted, unwarranted and force-induced intrusion upon the campus of the University of Alabama... of the might of the Central Government offers frightful example of the oppression of the rights, privileges and sovereignty of this State by officers of the Federal Government." [3]

After seeing that Wallace would not step aside, Katzenbach called upon the assistance of President John F. Kennedy to force Wallace to permit the black students' entry into the university.[4] President Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard later the same day, which put them under the command of the President, rather than the Governor of Alabama. Guardsmen escorted Hood and Malone back to the auditorium, where Wallace moved aside at the request of General Henry Graham. Hood and Malone then entered the building, albeit through another door.[5] Hood left the university after only two months but returned in 1995 to begin earning his doctorate degree.[6] On May 17, 1997 he received his Ph.D. in interdisciplinary studies.[7]

In 1997, Wallace planned to give Hood his degree, but poor health prevented him from attending the ceremony. Hood himself was convinced that Wallace was sincere after that meeting, as he wrote in an interchange following the PBS documentary on Wallace, Setting the Woods on Fire. Hood attended Wallace's funeral in 1998, imploring others to forgive Wallace as he had,[8] as Wallace had publicly apologized for his actions.[9]

Hood also received a bachelor's degree from Michigan's Wayne State University and a master's degree from Michigan State University. He later moved to Wisconsin, where he worked at the Madison Area Technical College for 26 years. He retired in 2002 as chairman of public safety services in charge of police and fire training.[10] He then moved back to Gadsden, Alabama, the city in which he was born, where he died at home on January 17, 2013 at the age of 70.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blaustein, Albert P. (1991), Civil Rights and African Americans: A Documentary History, Northwestern University Press, p. 483, ISBN 0-8101-0920-4 
  2. ^ Elliot, Debbie. Wallace in the Schoolhouse Door. NPR. June 11, 2003. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  3. ^ "Alabama Department of Archives and History, Governor George C. Wallace's School House Door Speech". Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Culpepper, Clark (1993), The Schoolhouse Door, Oxford University Press, p. 227.
  5. ^ Palmer, Michael E. (2003-06-08). "Alabama segregation date approaches". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  6. ^ "Civil rights pioneer Vivian Jones dies". USA Today. Associated Press. 2005-10-13. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  7. ^ "James Hood, who integrated University of Alabama, dies at 70". The Washington Post. 2013-01-18. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2013-02-02. 
  8. ^ Bragg, Rick (1998-09-17). "Quietly, Alabama Troopers Escort Wallace for Last Time". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  9. ^ Leff, Mark (1998-09-10). "Wallace symbolized segregation, reconciliation". CNN. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  10. ^ "James Hood dies; defied segregation at U. of Ala". CBS News. Associated Press. January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  11. ^ Trounson, Rebecca (January 19, 2013). "James A. Hood dies at 70; fought segregation at University of Alabama". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 

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