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Uncommon Knowledge with James Buckley
Uncommon Knowledge with James Buckley
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: HooverInstitution
Jim Buckley for Senate, 1970.avi
Jim Buckley for Senate, 1970.avi
Published: 2011/12/28
Channel: 8mmguy
James L. Buckley speaking at UCLA 10/31/1972
James L. Buckley speaking at UCLA 10/31/1972
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: UCLACommStudies
Reviving Federalism featuring James Buckley
Reviving Federalism featuring James Buckley
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: The Cato Institute
***A Forum with Former U.S. Senator James L. Buckley; Saving Congress from Itself***
***A Forum with Former U.S. Senator James L. Buckley; Saving Congress from Itself***
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Mert Melfa
James L. Buckley speaking at UCLA 10/31/1972
James L. Buckley speaking at UCLA 10/31/1972
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: UCLACommStudies
Interview with James L. Buckley, World War II veteran. CCSU Veterans History Project
Interview with James L. Buckley, World War II veteran. CCSU Veterans History Project
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: ccsuvhp
James L. Buckley receives the 2013 Great Defender of Life award
James L. Buckley receives the 2013 Great Defender of Life award
Published: 2013/06/01
Channel: HumanLifeFoundation
Tim Buckley - Song to the Siren
Tim Buckley - Song to the Siren
Published: 2010/05/12
Channel: SpaceOdyssee0
Firing Line with William F. Buckley Jr.: On Impeachability
Firing Line with William F. Buckley Jr.: On Impeachability
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Firing Line with William F. Buckley, Jr.
Firing Line with William F. Buckley Jr.: What Is Radio Free Europe Up To?
Firing Line with William F. Buckley Jr.: What Is Radio Free Europe Up To?
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Firing Line with William F. Buckley, Jr.
James Baldwin Debates William F. Buckley (1965)
James Baldwin Debates William F. Buckley (1965)
Published: 2012/10/27
Channel: The Riverbends Channel
MARK LANE IS INTERVIEWED BY WILLIAM BUCKLEY (DECEMBER 1, 1966)
MARK LANE IS INTERVIEWED BY WILLIAM BUCKLEY (DECEMBER 1, 1966)
Published: 2013/08/31
Channel: David Von Pein's JFK Channel
Jeff Buckley - "Lilac Wine"
Jeff Buckley - "Lilac Wine"
Published: 2009/06/12
Channel: daniellekat05
James Baldwin on a black US President (1965)
James Baldwin on a black US President (1965)
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: Richard Grabman
Bernard Durning ON THE ISLAND OF MOG MOG James L Buckley
Bernard Durning ON THE ISLAND OF MOG MOG James L Buckley
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: Pointbarney007
SYND 13 8 76  SENATOR JAMES BUCKLEY HOLDS PRESS CONFERENCE
SYND 13 8 76 SENATOR JAMES BUCKLEY HOLDS PRESS CONFERENCE
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
GREAT DEBATES: James Baldwin vs William F Buckley Cambridge University Oct 26 1965
GREAT DEBATES: James Baldwin vs William F Buckley Cambridge University Oct 26 1965
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: kennethdpricedotcom bloggerken
21. AP60X - Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
21. AP60X - Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
Published: 2012/04/28
Channel: MyCitizenU
Bernard Durning KESSLER OF EXETER 1940 James L. Buckley
Bernard Durning KESSLER OF EXETER 1940 James L. Buckley
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Pointbarney007
Bernard Durning THE ARMY WAY James L. Buckley
Bernard Durning THE ARMY WAY James L. Buckley
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Pointbarney007
Malcolm X - Debate with James Baldwin - September 5, 1963
Malcolm X - Debate with James Baldwin - September 5, 1963
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Donnie Mossberg
Point of View Livecast - January 12, 2015
Point of View Livecast - January 12, 2015
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Point of View Radio Talk Show
Sam L Buckley Rugby Highlights 2015/2017
Sam L Buckley Rugby Highlights 2015/2017
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Sam L Buckley
Hon. James Buckley on Saving Congress from Itself
Hon. James Buckley on Saving Congress from Itself
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: WF Buckley Jr Program
Jeff Buckley - Hallelujah (Official Video)
Jeff Buckley - Hallelujah (Official Video)
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: jeffbuckleyVEVO
Firing Line - Thomas Sowell w/ William F. Buckley Jr. (1981)
Firing Line - Thomas Sowell w/ William F. Buckley Jr. (1981)
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: BasicEconomics
Split Cast Interview with James McAvoy, Anya Taylor-Joy and Betty Buckley
Split Cast Interview with James McAvoy, Anya Taylor-Joy and Betty Buckley
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Anne Mavity
FOOTBALL VS FIFA WITH JAMES BUCKLEY!
FOOTBALL VS FIFA WITH JAMES BUCKLEY!
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: Spencer FC
William F Buckley Jr & Saul Alinsky - Mobilizing The Poor
William F Buckley Jr & Saul Alinsky - Mobilizing The Poor
Published: 2013/03/08
Channel: LibertyPen
Another Side of the Sixties.mov
Another Side of the Sixties.mov
Published: 2011/06/21
Channel: ravenswaal
SYND 22 3 75 SENATOR JAMES BUCKLEY CALLS ON HENRY KISSINGER TO RETURN FROM THE MIDDLE EAST TO CONCEN
SYND 22 3 75 SENATOR JAMES BUCKLEY CALLS ON HENRY KISSINGER TO RETURN FROM THE MIDDLE EAST TO CONCEN
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Jeff Buckley - Forget Her
Jeff Buckley - Forget Her
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: jeffbuckleyVEVO
Buckley Gala  October 18, 2013 Opening Remarks
Buckley Gala October 18, 2013 Opening Remarks
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: WF Buckley Jr Program
Buckley v Valeo
Buckley v Valeo
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Jerry89949
SYND 20-3-74 BUCKLEY ON NIXON RESIGNATION
SYND 20-3-74 BUCKLEY ON NIXON RESIGNATION
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
AP Gov&Politics Case Study: Buckley v. Valeo
AP Gov&Politics Case Study: Buckley v. Valeo
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Daniel Yang
Panel - A Landmark Decision Turns 40: A Conversation on Buckley v. Valeo
Panel - A Landmark Decision Turns 40: A Conversation on Buckley v. Valeo
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Brooklyn Law School
Heather McGhee on Buckley v. Valeo at 40
Heather McGhee on Buckley v. Valeo at 40
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Demos
Jeff Buckley - Grace (Official Video)
Jeff Buckley - Grace (Official Video)
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: jeffbuckleyVEVO
Jeff Buckley - Hallelujah (from Live in Chicago)
Jeff Buckley - Hallelujah (from Live in Chicago)
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: jeffbuckleyVEVO
Jeff Buckley - I Know It
Jeff Buckley - I Know It's Over
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: jeffbuckleyVEVO
Hallelujah by Jeff Buckley lyrics
Hallelujah by Jeff Buckley lyrics
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: Bridget Clouse
Waves Of Shred Entry - James Buckley
Waves Of Shred Entry - James Buckley
Published: 2013/05/20
Channel: James Buckley
Jeff Buckley - So Real
Jeff Buckley - So Real
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: jeffbuckleyVEVO
Buckley vs Valeo
Buckley vs Valeo
Published: 2008/11/03
Channel: Renthead11231
Jeff Buckley "I Know It
Jeff Buckley "I Know It's Over"
Published: 2010/03/05
Channel: anamahoc
Jeff Buckley - Calling you
Jeff Buckley - Calling you
Published: 2009/02/10
Channel: Jack Wyg
Jeff Buckley - Hallelujah
Jeff Buckley - Hallelujah
Published: 2008/07/21
Channel: Vincent Lo
Split Review | James McAvoy | Anya Taylor-Joy | Betty Buckley | Selfie Review
Split Review | James McAvoy | Anya Taylor-Joy | Betty Buckley | Selfie Review
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Selfie Review
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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James L. Buckley
JamesLBuckley.jpg
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Assumed office
August 31, 1996
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
In office
December 17, 1985 – August 31, 1996
Appointed by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Edward Allen Tamm
Succeeded by John Roberts
Counselor of the Department of State
In office
September 9, 1982 – September 26, 1982
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Robert McFarlane
Succeeded by Ed Derwinski
Undersecretary of State for International Security Affairs
In office
February 28, 1981 – August 20, 1982
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Matthew Nimetz
Succeeded by William Schneider, Jr.
United States Senator
from New York
In office
January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1977
Preceded by Charles Goodell
Succeeded by Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Personal details
Born James Lane Buckley
(1923-03-09) March 9, 1923 (age 94)
New York City, New York
Political party Conservative (Before 1976)
Republican (1976–present)
Education Yale University (B.A.)
Yale Law School (LL.B.)

James Lane Buckley (born March 9, 1923) is an inactive Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. He served as a United States Senator from the state of New York as a member of the Conservative Party of New York from January 3, 1971 to January 3, 1977. He was vice president and director of the Catawba Corporation from 1953 to 1970, and also served as Undersecretary of State for Security Assistance 1981–1982, as well as President of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. 1982–1985.

Buckley was also the lead petitioner in a landmark Supreme Court case, Buckley v. Valeo, which "shaped modern campaign-finance law."[1] He successfully challenged the constitutionality of a law limiting campaign spending in Congressional races.

In the 1970 election he was elected to the U.S. Senate as the nominee of the Conservative Party of New York, winning 38.7 percent of the vote in a six-candidate race,[2] and served from 1971 until 1977. To date he has been the only candidate of his party, and the last third party registrant,[3] to be successfully nominated and elected to the U.S. Congress.[4]

In the Senate Buckley introduced landmark legislation enacted by Congress to protect student records—the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) — as well as the Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA), which requires parental consent prior to administration of student surveys on any of eight sensitive topics.

Buckley went on to a serve as an undersecretary of state—during Reagan’s first term—and a federal appellate judge. In between, Buckley held a number of other positions, including president of Radio Free Europe in the mid-1980s.[1]

William F. Buckley Jr., the founder of the influential conservative magazine National Review, was James Buckley's younger brother.

Early life; education and early career[edit]

Buckley was born in New York City. He is the son of Aloise Josephine Antonia (née Steiner) and lawyer and businessman William Frank Buckley, Sr.[5] He is the older brother of the late conservative writer William F. Buckley, Jr. and the uncle of Christopher Taylor Buckley. He is also the uncle of Brent Bozell III and political consultant William F. B. O'Reilly. His mother, from New Orleans, was of Swiss-German, German, and Irish descent, while his paternal grandparents, from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, were of Irish ancestry.[6] Graduating from Yale University in 1943 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, where he was a member of Skull and Bones,[7][8][9] Buckley enlisted in the United States Navy in 1942 and was discharged with the rank of lieutenant in 1946. After receiving his Bachelor of Laws from Yale Law School in 1949, he was admitted to the Connecticut bar in 1950 and practiced law until 1953, when he joined Catawba as vice president and director.[10]

Buckley was married to Ann Cooley Buckley (died December 30, 2011), a former CIA desk officer, for 58 years and resides in Sharon, Connecticut. They have a daughter and five sons.[11]

Political career[edit]

In 1968 Buckley challenged liberal Republican Senator Jacob K. Javits for re-election. Javits won easily, but Buckley received a large number of votes from disaffected conservative Republicans. The New York Times called Buckley's 1968 Senatorial campaign "lonely and unsuccessful."[12] In 1970, he ran on the Conservative Party line for the U.S. Senate, facing the Republican incumbent, Charles Goodell; and the Democratic nominee, Richard Ottinger. Goodell, who had been appointed to the Senate by Governor Nelson Rockefeller following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy, had moved left, especially as an opponent of the Vietnam War. Buckley's campaign slogan, plastered on billboards statewide, was "Isn't it time we had a Senator?"[13]

With Goodell and Ottinger splitting the liberal vote, Buckley won with 39% of the vote and entered the Senate in January 1971. "He performed well in New York City itself, at a time when the city still had a beating conservative heart in the middle-class neighborhoods of the outer boroughs."[1] Although Buckley had been elected from the Conservative party, it was observed that he'd probably usually vote with the Republicans.

In his 1976 re-election bid, with Rockefeller's liberal GOP faction falling apart, Buckley received the Republican nomination. Initially he was favored for re-election, because the frontrunner in the crowded Democratic field was Manhattan Congresswoman Bella Abzug, a liberal feminist reviled by the right. But when Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the U.S. Ambassador to the UN, made a late entrance into the Democratic primary and narrowly defeated Abzug, Buckley could no longer count on getting the votes of moderate Democrats. Moynihan went on to defeat Buckley 54% to 45%.

After his loss, Buckley moved to Connecticut, and in 1980 received the Republican nomination for the Senate seat being vacated by the retirement of Abraham Ribicoff. He lost the general election to Christopher Dodd, who would go on to hold the seat until his retirement in 2011.

Senate tenure[edit]

In 1974, he proposed a human life amendment, which defined the term "person" in the Fourteenth Amendment to include the embryo. His enacted legislation includes the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) that governs use of student records and the Protection of Pupils' Rights Act (PPRA) that requires parent notification, right to review, and consent for administration of student surveys to minors if the survey collects information on any of eight specified topics.

In the spring of 1974, with the Watergate scandal continuing to grow in magnitude and seriousness, Buckley surprised—and in some cases, angered—some of his allies among Republicans when he called upon the increasingly embattled Richard M. Nixon to voluntarily resign the presidency.[14] Buckley said that in doing so, he was making no judgment as to Nixon's technical legal guilt or innocence of the accusations made against him - and he in fact denounced those "in and out of the media who have been exploiting the Watergate affair so recklessly" in what he called an effort "to subvert the decisive mandate of the 1972 election." However, he said that the burgeoning scandal might result in an impeachment process that would tear the country even further apart, so he declared: "There is one way and one way only by which the crisis can be resolved, and the country pulled out of the Watergate swamp. I propose an extraordinary act of statesmanship and courage—an act at once noble and heartbreaking; at once serving the greater interests of the nation, the institution of the Presidency, and the stated goals for which he so successfully campaigned"—Nixon's resignation. Buckley was the first major conservative Republican figure to call for such a resignation. Nixon did not resign at that time, but eventually did lose the support of other key Republican figures, including Sen. Barry Goldwater,[15] and ultimately resigned on Aug. 9, 1974.

1976 Republican National Convention[edit]

During the 1976 Republican National Convention, then-Senator Jesse Helms encouraged a "Draft Buckley" movement, as an effort to stop the nomination of Ronald Reagan for President. Reagan had announced that Pennsylvania Senator Richard Schweiker would be his running-mate if picked; Helms believed that Schweiker was too liberal. The "Draft Buckley" movement was mooted when President Gerald Ford very narrowly won the party's nomination on the first ballot.[16][17]

Judicial career[edit]

In the first Reagan administration, Buckley served as an undersecretary of State, and then as President of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty from 1982 to 1985.

Buckley was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on October 16, 1985, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated by Judge Edward Allen Tamm. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1985, and received commission on December 17, 1985. He assumed senior status on August 31, 1996. He is currently in inactive senior status and does not maintain chambers or perform judicial duties.[10]

Books[edit]

Buckley is the author of four books. Freedom at Risk: Reflections on Politics, Liberty, and the State, was released in December 2010. Buckley discussed Freedom at Risk on C-SPAN on January 12, 2011.[18] His latest book "Saving Congress from Itself" (released December 2014) was sent to every member of the US Senate (114th Congress) by Dallas businessman and Buckley family devotee Chris M. Lantrip.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Russello, Gerald. Mr. Buckley Goes to Washington, The American Conservative
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ William Carney was registered as a Conservative, but won the Republican primary in New York's 1st congressional district in 1978. Robert Spitzer (1994), "Third Parties in New York State", in Jeffrey M. Stonecash, John Kenneth White, and Peter W. Colby, edd., Governing New York State, Third Edition, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  4. ^ While elected in 2006 on the "Connecticut for Lieberman" line, Joe Lieberman's voter registration was and is Democratic. Vermont independent Bernie Sanders is not registered as a member of any political party. Neither Vermont Independent Jim Jeffords nor the Independence Party of Minnesota's Dean Barkley was ever elected as an Independent, though, after leaving office, Barkley ran as the Independence Party's candidate in the 2008 Senate election.
  5. ^ "Ancestry of William F. Buckley". www.wargs.com. 
  6. ^ "The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography: Being the History of the United States as Illustrated in the Lives of the Founders, Builders, and Defenders of the Republic, and of the Men and Women who are Doing the Work and Moulding the Thought of the Present Time". University Microfilms. January 1, 1967 – via Google Books. 
  7. ^ Alexandra Robbins, Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power, Little, Brown and Company, 2002, page 168, 174
  8. ^ "People in the News", Associated Press, May 27, 1983
  9. ^ Bob Dart, "Skull and bones a secret shared by Bush, Kerry", The Gazette, March 7, 2004
  10. ^ a b "Buckley, James Lane - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov. 
  11. ^ "Isn't It Time We Had a Senator". New York. p. 47. 
  12. ^ Carroll, Maurice (3 November 1976). "Moynihan Defeats Buckley For New York Senate Seat". New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  13. ^ Topic Galleries Chicago Tribune
  14. ^ "Why Richard Nixon Should Resign the Presidency". 
  15. ^ Goldberg, Robert Alan (1995), Barry Goldwater, the standard scholarly biography, page 282
  16. ^ World Almanac and Book of Facts 1977
  17. ^ http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/program.pl?ID=489475 Vanderbilt Television News Archive
  18. ^ C-SPAN program on Freedom at Risk

Further reading[edit]

  • Buckley, James Lane (1975). If Men Were Angels: A View From the Senate. New York: Putnam. ISBN 0-399-11589-7.
  • Buckley, James Lane (2006). Gleanings from an Unplanned Life: An Annotated Oral History. Wilmington: Intercollegiate Studies institute. ISBN 978-1-933859-11-8.
  • Buckley, James Lane (2010). Freedom at Risk: Reflections on Politics, Liberty, and the State. New York: Encounter Books. ISBN 1-59403-478-8.
  • Buckley, James Lane (2014). Saving Congress from Itself: Emancipating the States and Empowering Their People. New York: Encounter Books.

External links[edit]

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Charles Goodell
United States Senator (Class 1) from New York
1971–1977
Served alongside: Jacob K. Javits
Succeeded by
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Party political offices
Preceded by
Henry Paolucci
Conservative nominee for U.S. Senator from New York
(Class 1)

1970, 1976
Succeeded by
Florence M. Sullivan
Preceded by
Charles Goodell
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from New York
(Class 1)

1976
Preceded by
James Brannen
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Connecticut
(Class 3)

1980
Succeeded by
Roger Eddy
Political offices
Preceded by
Matthew Nimetz
Undersecretary of State for International Security Affairs
1981–1982
Succeeded by
William Schneider, Jr.
Preceded by
Robert McFarlane
Counselor of the Department of State
1982
Succeeded by
Ed Derwinski
Legal offices
Preceded by
Edward Allen Tamm
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
1985–1996
Succeeded by
John Roberts

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