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JAMES LAST   Orange Blossom Special HD
JAMES LAST Orange Blossom Special HD
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: Romantika
Elana James Orange Blozzom Special
Elana James Orange Blozzom Special
Published: 2009/04/08
Channel: hotclubofcowtown
James Franco trying to list words that rhyme with orange
James Franco trying to list words that rhyme with orange
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: maeby8
Annoying Orange - Jalapeño
Annoying Orange - Jalapeño
Published: 2010/12/17
Channel: Annoying Orange
Blood Orange: James Kelly Raw Run Vol. 3
Blood Orange: James Kelly Raw Run Vol. 3
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Skate Blood Orange
Scotty James - Orange Song (demo) 3 of 7
Scotty James - Orange Song (demo) 3 of 7
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: Scotty James
James and Francois celebrate Orange Bowl win
James and Francois celebrate Orange Bowl win
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Noles247
James Orange
James Orange
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Kelly Brown
Annoying Orange - 007 Spectre TRAILER TRASHED!
Annoying Orange - 007 Spectre TRAILER TRASHED!
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Annoying Orange
Derwin James Instagram Live After Orange Bowl 2016
Derwin James Instagram Live After Orange Bowl 2016
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: Single Shot
James goes NINJA on an orange
James goes NINJA on an orange
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Rodney Gee
James Last - Orange  Blossom Special
James Last - Orange Blossom Special
Published: 2010/06/28
Channel: scando34
PHENOMenalvinyl James orange GTR
PHENOMenalvinyl James orange GTR
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: PHENOMenalVinyl
Sonny James plays "Orange Blossom Special" on the fiddle
Sonny James plays "Orange Blossom Special" on the fiddle
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: vinylstudsfavorites
Jordan (red) vs. James (orange) - Sandgate Squash Centre
Jordan (red) vs. James (orange) - Sandgate Squash Centre
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: misterhamez
James Drelling finishes 15th out of 217+ runners -- 2016 Orange County Cross-Country Championships.
James Drelling finishes 15th out of 217+ runners -- 2016 Orange County Cross-Country Championships.
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Francis Drelling
Elana James : Orange Blossom Special
Elana James : Orange Blossom Special
Published: 2008/03/15
Channel: crocostimpy
Sonny James - Orange Blossom Special - Live
Sonny James - Orange Blossom Special - Live
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: Richard Custer
Orange Opening Cover / オレンジ OP / Hikari no Hahen (光の破片) - #31
Orange Opening Cover / オレンジ OP / Hikari no Hahen (光の破片) - #31
Published: 2016/07/12
Channel: James Mart
Kc James
Kc James' Orange County Moms part 1, 2 and 3
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: KC James
James
James' Orange Belt Test 1/21/2010
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: LynnFamilyVideos
Unbreakable SoundTrack - The Orange Man
Unbreakable SoundTrack - The Orange Man
Published: 2008/10/21
Channel: TheFilmFaction
Orange Opening Fandub / Hikari No Hahen / Cover Español Latino #36
Orange Opening Fandub / Hikari No Hahen / Cover Español Latino #36
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: James Mart
Today in History: “Seven Immortals” summon William of Orange to overthrow King James II (1688)
Today in History: “Seven Immortals” summon William of Orange to overthrow King James II (1688)
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: Rebel Media
Blood Orange: James Kelly Raw Run Vol. 2
Blood Orange: James Kelly Raw Run Vol. 2
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Skate Blood Orange
Jim Root - Orange Rockerverb 100 MKIII Guitar Amp
Jim Root - Orange Rockerverb 100 MKIII Guitar Amp
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Orange Amplifiers
Loving LeAnn chats with Jamita Orange, daughter of Rev. James Orange
Loving LeAnn chats with Jamita Orange, daughter of Rev. James Orange
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: INform Magazine
JAMES LAST - Orange Blossom Special (Last Tour 2015 - Live Concert in Stuttgart - Porsche Arena)
JAMES LAST - Orange Blossom Special (Last Tour 2015 - Live Concert in Stuttgart - Porsche Arena)
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: New Last
Smokin James Orange 7 Pot
Smokin James Orange 7 Pot
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: TheBarlock4
"YOU BELONG TO MY HEART": STEVE PISTORIUS, JAMES EVANS, ORANGE KELLIN, TOM SAUNDERS (Sept. 19, 2015)
"YOU BELONG TO MY HEART": STEVE PISTORIUS, JAMES EVANS, ORANGE KELLIN, TOM SAUNDERS (Sept. 19, 2015)
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: swingyoucats
George Wright (The Ovations)- Secrect Admirer / Jessi James - Peel Me Orange - DJ APR
George Wright (The Ovations)- Secrect Admirer / Jessi James - Peel Me Orange - DJ APR
Published: 2009/01/28
Channel: Alonzo Pacheco
Ginger St. James - Folsom Prison Blues and Orange Blossom Special
Ginger St. James - Folsom Prison Blues and Orange Blossom Special
Published: 2012/01/23
Channel: steinberg321
James Slaughter Jr #55 at Orange County Fair MX
James Slaughter Jr #55 at Orange County Fair MX
Published: 2013/11/03
Channel: James Slaughter
Orange Amplification | CR120 Head - Sound Affects Archive
Orange Amplification | CR120 Head - Sound Affects Archive
Published: 2013/10/26
Channel: SoundAffectsPremier
The Urban Peasant - Salmon and Orange Juice | James Barber
The Urban Peasant - Salmon and Orange Juice | James Barber
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: UrbanPeasantShow
JAMES MARTIN Orange and almond cake SATURDAY KITCHEN
JAMES MARTIN Orange and almond cake SATURDAY KITCHEN
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Saturday Kitchen (Not Official)
Better than Panda Orange Chicken Recipe / English Subtitiles
Better than Panda Orange Chicken Recipe / English Subtitiles
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: James Strange
James MacDonald || Code Orange Revival || Night 11
James MacDonald || Code Orange Revival || Night 11
Published: 2012/08/11
Channel: UpperRoomGC
JAMES LAST - Hit Medley: Chicken Reel / Turkey In The Straw / Orange Blossom Special
JAMES LAST - Hit Medley: Chicken Reel / Turkey In The Straw / Orange Blossom Special
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: New Last
Aaron Stutzman - "Orange Blossom Special" featuring James Steury
Aaron Stutzman - "Orange Blossom Special" featuring James Steury
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Aaron Stutzman
2013 Albany City Rocks Orange at King James
2013 Albany City Rocks Orange at King James
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: stateyourname99
Chocolate Orange Brioche #eyeCandySorted
Chocolate Orange Brioche #eyeCandySorted
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: SORTEDfood
James Asher + Madeleine Doherty - Orange
James Asher + Madeleine Doherty - Orange
Published: 2011/01/02
Channel: DJGOMMY62
JAMES COLE vinyl only live 20YEARS of DJing part 002 Orange
JAMES COLE vinyl only live 20YEARS of DJing part 002 Orange
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: JamesColeDj
Blood Orange: Grip Wars
Blood Orange: Grip Wars
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Skate Blood Orange
Poppy the cavalier being tormented by James and an orange
Poppy the cavalier being tormented by James and an orange
Published: 2009/10/31
Channel: tuttlebum
Orange County Church of Christ Family Devotionals--James Waddy
Orange County Church of Christ Family Devotionals--James Waddy
Published: 2014/07/01
Channel: OCDisciples
Pink, Orange, Yellow Neon Balayage Ombre Hair Color, by Freelance Hair Artist James Gartner
Pink, Orange, Yellow Neon Balayage Ombre Hair Color, by Freelance Hair Artist James Gartner
Published: 2014/10/12
Channel: James Gartner
Orange County Cello Ensemble @St. James Church, LA
Orange County Cello Ensemble @St. James Church, LA
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: sn4396
JAMES SUPERCAVE - GEORGIAN ORANGE
JAMES SUPERCAVE - GEORGIAN ORANGE
Published: 2012/09/10
Channel: James Supercave
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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James Orange
Born James Edward Orange
(1942-10-29)October 29, 1942
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Died February 16, 2008(2008-02-16) (aged 65)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Alma mater Bishop College, Dallas, TX
Occupation Pastor, activist
Organization SCLC
Movement Civil Rights Movement, Peace movement
Spouse(s) Cleophas Orange
Children Pamela Aquica Orange, Jamida Orange

James Edward Orange[1] (October 29, 1942 – February 16, 2008) was a pastor[2] and a leading civil rights activist in the Civil Rights Movement in America. He was assistant to Martin Luther King Jr. in the civil rights movement.[3] Orange joined the civil rights marches led by King and Ralph Abernathy in Atlanta in 1963.[3] Later he became a project coordinator for Southern Christian Leadership Conference, drawing young people into the movement.[3]

Personal life[edit]

James Edward Orange was born in Birmingham, Alabama, but moved to Atlanta, Georgia in the early 1960s.[4] Orange, at over 6'3" tall[2][4] and over 300 pounds,[5] was physically impressive but deeply committed to non-violence. In his attempts to convert gang members in Chicago to adopt nonviolent principles, he endured nine beatings without resistance.[2] He was also known for preaching and singing in a strong baritone voice.[5]

Orange had a large family, several of whom were active in the civil rights movement. He was the third of his parents' seven children. His father worked in the large ACIPCO foundry in Birmingham, but was fired in 1957 for union activity. Orange's mother was very active in the Civil Rights Movement and also attended the Monday night mass meetings at the Sixteenth Street church. Still, he told an interviewer on January 15, 2000, "I was afraid to go home and tell my mamma that her daughters, one 17 and the other 14, were in jail. But that's the way it was in those days, as we waged — and won — a non-violent campaign against police clubs and police dogs."[6]

At the time of his death in February, 2008, at Atlanta's Crawford Long Hospital,[2] Orange was recovering from gallbladder surgery.[4][5] Orange had had a triple heart bypass operation about six years before his death, and his health had declined over the years, despite his robust physique.[7]

Orange's wife of 39 years, Cleophas,[4] known as Cleo,[8] survived him, as did three daughters and a son.[7][9] His youngest daughter, Pamela Aquica Orange, died on March 11, 2007.[citation needed] His daughter Jamida Orange spoke to the press on behalf of the family at the time of his death.[4]

Civil rights era[edit]

Speaking 1993, Andrew Young called Orange one of the "real soldiers of the movement ... a gentle giant."[4] Quoted by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution at Orange's death, Young said that when Orange was hired as a field organizer in the early 1960s, "He couldn't afford to go to college and was working as a chef. He quit his job and started going with us, although we were only paying $10 a week. And he never left."[5]

In 1962, when Orange was only a year out of high school, he attended one of the weekly Monday night mass meetings at the 16th Street Baptist Church and was transfixed by a speech on equality by Ralph Abernathy. In a meeting in the church basement later that night, he volunteered to risk arrest picketing a local store the next day. He was arrested, the first of at least 104 arrests for picketing or acts of civil disobedience.[6]

As part of his civil rights work for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Alabama, he was arrested and jailed prior to conviction in 1965 for contributing to the delinquency of minors by enlisting them to work in voter registration drives.[9] His detention in Perry County, Alabama, sparked fears that he would be lynched, and a protest march was organized to support him.

During that march on February 18, 1965, an Alabama state trooper fatally shot a young man, Jimmie Lee Jackson, in the stomach.[9] In 2007, a former trooper named James B. Fowler, 74, was indicted for the death of Jackson. Living witnesses and tapes of the day of the killing were expected to be used at his trial.[9]

The 1965 uproar over Jackson's shooting during Orange's incarceration soon led to the famed Selma to Montgomery marches, including the infamous police brutality on "Bloody Sunday", and the passage of the Voting Rights Act later that year.[2]

Death[edit]

He died at age 65 at Crawford Long Hospital in Atlanta after being admitted to the hospital for gallbladder surgery the previous week.[10]

Later work[edit]

Orange was a project coordinator at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference from 1965 to 1970, then later became a regional coordinator with the AFL-CIO in Atlanta, Georgia.[9] He worked on at least 300 labor-organizing campaigns in that role.[5]

In 1977, Orange worked on the organizing campaign of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union and won union representation and benefits for the workers at J.P. Stevens textile and clothing factories. After that success, Orange was assigned to the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Department until 1996, when he joined their Atlanta field office.[6]

In 2006, Orange worked on Cynthia McKinney's attempt to regain her congressional seat, and appeared at the April 1, 2006 rally against the Iraq War in Atlanta.[7]

Since 1995, Orange had served as the founder and general coordinator for the Martin Luther King, Jr. March Committee-Africa/African American Renaissance Committee, Inc., which coordinated commemorative events honoring King and promoted commercial ties between Atlanta and other United States locations and South Africa.[9]

In 2004, Orange protested the interruption of Atlanta's King commemorations due to an uninvited appearance by George W. Bush. Secret Service agents had initially planned to force organizers to cut their agenda short to accommodate Bush, whose plans included a photo opportunity of laying a wreath in honor of King before attending a major Republican Party fundraiser. After black leaders threatened to lock themselves into the site in question, an historic black church, the Secret Service permitted their symposium to go on, but with limited public access.[11]

I feel disrespected by the administration and the Secret Service. On Dr. King's birthday last year, his administration initiated plans to gut affirmative action. Here we are a year later, and the same person who tried to turn back the clock on me wants to use Dr. King's birthday because it's an election year.

— James Orange, The New York Times, January 15, 2005

According to a fellow activist speaking shortly after his death, "He stayed active right up until the end... The Martin Luther King celebration this year fell on the 21st [of January, 2008]. He was still conducting it from his hospital bed. If you wanted something... he was still calling the shots."[7]

In popular culture[edit]

Orange is played in the 2014 film Selma by Omar Dorsey.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rev James Orange Founder and Chairman, MLK March website biography. Accessed 2008-02-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e Civil Rights Leader Who Marched With King Dies, 2008-02-17, Reuters newswire story.
  3. ^ a b c Hevesi, Dennis (February 22, 2008). "James Orange was aide to Martin Luther King Jr.". nytimes.com. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f The Rev. James Orange, 65, 'gentle giant' civil rights activist, 2008-02-17, Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  5. ^ a b c d e The Rev. James Orange, Civil Rights Activist, Dies at 65, February 17, 2008, Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  6. ^ a b c An interview with Rev. James Orange, by Fred Gaboury, 2000, People's Weekly World (newspaper). Accessed 2008-02-17.
  7. ^ a b c d Activist, Rev. James Orange, 1943-2008 2008-02-17, Atlanta Progressive News. Accessed 2008-02-17.
  8. ^ Civil Rights Figure James Orange Dies, 2008-02-17, Associated Press report in the New York Times.
  9. ^ a b c d e f James Orange, civil rights activist, dies at 65, February 17, 2008, CNN News.
  10. ^ "James Orange dies unexpectedly". legacy.com. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  11. ^ Bush Plan to Honor Dr. King Stirs Criticism, January 15, 2004, New York Times. Accessed 2008-02-18.

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