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James Last - Orange  Blossom Special
James Last - Orange Blossom Special
Published: 2010/06/28
Channel: scando34
Welcome to Scotland!, by James Orange (Guest Speaker, Nov 2017)
Welcome to Scotland!, by James Orange (Guest Speaker, Nov 2017)
Published: 2018/01/10
Channel: EFL Learners Speaking English (EOI Fuengirola)
แม่ฮ้างมหาเสน่ห์ - James Orange
แม่ฮ้างมหาเสน่ห์ - James Orange
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: James Orange Official
JAMES LAST   Orange Blossom Special HD
JAMES LAST Orange Blossom Special HD
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: Romantika
James Orange
James Orange
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Kelly Brown
JAMES MARTIN Orange and almond cake SATURDAY KITCHEN
JAMES MARTIN Orange and almond cake SATURDAY KITCHEN
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Saturday Kitchen Live
PHENOMenalvinyl James orange GTR
PHENOMenalvinyl James orange GTR
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: Phenomenal Vinyl
ผิดที่ไว้ใจ-Silly fool Cover James Orange
ผิดที่ไว้ใจ-Silly fool Cover James Orange
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: James Orange Official
James Orange
James Orange
Published: 2017/11/28
Channel: Dexter Wild
มือลั่น-JSPKK Cover James Orange
มือลั่น-JSPKK Cover James Orange
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: James Orange Official
Agent Orange...James Orange
Agent Orange...James Orange
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: RhymesWithOranje2010
Elana James Orange Blozzom Special
Elana James Orange Blozzom Special
Published: 2009/04/08
Channel: hotclubofcowtown
ทิ้งรักลงแม่น้ำ - Cover James Orange
ทิ้งรักลงแม่น้ำ - Cover James Orange
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: James Orange Official
James and the Giant Orange (KARL PILKINGTON BEST OF) XFM PODCAST
James and the Giant Orange (KARL PILKINGTON BEST OF) XFM PODCAST
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Bald Manc
สัญญาเมื่อสายัณห์ - James Orange
สัญญาเมื่อสายัณห์ - James Orange
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: James Orange Official
Smokin James Orange 7 Pot
Smokin James Orange 7 Pot
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: TheBarlock4
Orange James: Walking Through the Forest
Orange James: Walking Through the Forest
Published: 2007/12/22
Channel: orangejamestoon
ไหนว่าจะไม่หลอกกัน-Silly fool Cover James Orange
ไหนว่าจะไม่หลอกกัน-Silly fool Cover James Orange
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: James Orange Official
Loving LeAnn chats with Jamita Orange, daughter of Rev. James Orange
Loving LeAnn chats with Jamita Orange, daughter of Rev. James Orange
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Ryan O'Neal
มือปืน - Cover James Orange
มือปืน - Cover James Orange
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: James Orange Official
James
James' Orange Shuffle
Published: 2007/07/22
Channel: djmimo2k1
MICHEL ROUX and JAMES MARTIN Crêpes with orange butter sauce and Pork sausages with pineapple salsa
MICHEL ROUX and JAMES MARTIN Crêpes with orange butter sauce and Pork sausages with pineapple salsa
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: Saturday Kitchen Live
James Orange 10yr 12/19 12:10pm
James Orange 10yr 12/19 12:10pm
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: Austin Fonk
James, orange medium-haired cat for adoption at Forget Me Not Animal Shelter
James, orange medium-haired cat for adoption at Forget Me Not Animal Shelter
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Forget Me Not Animal Shelter
HTOWNRACING.COM  James orange mustang
HTOWNRACING.COM James orange mustang
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: BJR306
1990s Commissioned Orange Label via Varat — TeaDB James InBetweenIsode Episode #104
1990s Commissioned Orange Label via Varat — TeaDB James InBetweenIsode Episode #104
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Tea DB
ทนความคิดถึง - James Orange
ทนความคิดถึง - James Orange
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: James Orange Official
Al Basics & Danger James - Orange Satisfaction
Al Basics & Danger James - Orange Satisfaction
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: OnlyDaHotShit
WW unboxing the Orange VT1000 valve tester with James
WW unboxing the Orange VT1000 valve tester with James
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Crimson Custom Guitars
Jordan (red) vs. James (orange) - Sandgate Squash Centre
Jordan (red) vs. James (orange) - Sandgate Squash Centre
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: misterhamez
หมดห่วง - the mask singer Cover - James Orange มีลูกค้าขึ้นมากวนด้วย ฮ่าๆๆ
หมดห่วง - the mask singer Cover - James Orange มีลูกค้าขึ้นมากวนด้วย ฮ่าๆๆ
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: James Orange Official
ทดเวลาบาดเจ็บ-Cover James Orange
ทดเวลาบาดเจ็บ-Cover James Orange
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: James Orange Official
Safari Live : James and Stef try a Spiny Monkey Orange Fruit  Jan 08, 2017
Safari Live : James and Stef try a Spiny Monkey Orange Fruit Jan 08, 2017
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: MsDebbiB
James Orange Belt
James Orange Belt
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Jeffrey Rovinsky
มึงกราบรถกู เดี๋ยวนี้ - Cover James Orange
มึงกราบรถกู เดี๋ยวนี้ - Cover James Orange
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: James Orange Official
Adam James  first orange
Adam James first orange
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Vika Rambe
MAN SUSPECTED OF KILLING JAMES PELAYO ESCAPES FROM ORANGE WALK POLICE CUSTODY
MAN SUSPECTED OF KILLING JAMES PELAYO ESCAPES FROM ORANGE WALK POLICE CUSTODY
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: CTV 3
เฮฮาหน้าเวทีกับ James Orange
เฮฮาหน้าเวทีกับ James Orange
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: James Orange Official
ยังจำไว้ - อิทธิ พลางกูร Cover James Orange
ยังจำไว้ - อิทธิ พลางกูร Cover James Orange
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: James Orange Official
JAMES LAST - Orange Blossom Special (Last Tour 2015 - Live Concert in Stuttgart - Porsche Arena)
JAMES LAST - Orange Blossom Special (Last Tour 2015 - Live Concert in Stuttgart - Porsche Arena)
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: New Last
St. James AME Orange Park
St. James AME Orange Park
Published: 2011/06/21
Channel: revalesia62
Orange James: Christmas Cartoon
Orange James: Christmas Cartoon
Published: 2007/11/28
Channel: orangejamestoon
James
James' Orange Belt Test 1/21/2010
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: LynnFamilyVideos
james seeley indoor athletics 4 lap in the orange
james seeley indoor athletics 4 lap in the orange
Published: 2008/03/29
Channel: james Seeley
Blood Orange: James Kelly Raw Run Vol. 3
Blood Orange: James Kelly Raw Run Vol. 3
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Skate Blood Orange
แผ่นดินไหวในใจอ้าย-Cover James Orange
แผ่นดินไหวในใจอ้าย-Cover James Orange
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: James Orange Official
Scotty James - Orange Song (demo) 3 of 7
Scotty James - Orange Song (demo) 3 of 7
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: Scotty James
"Zouma handled it well!" says James from The Orange Segment || CHELSEA 4-0 BRENTFORD
"Zouma handled it well!" says James from The Orange Segment || CHELSEA 4-0 BRENTFORD
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: 100PercentChelsea
James orange
James orange
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Fauska Music
Orange Mango Smoothie (feat. Latrell James)
Orange Mango Smoothie (feat. Latrell James)
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: FREEVØ
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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James Orange
Born James Edward Orange
(1942-10-29)October 29, 1942
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Died February 16, 2008(2008-02-16) (aged 65)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Alma mater Bishop College, Dallas, TX
Occupation Pastor, activist
Organization SCLC
Movement Civil Rights Movement, Peace movement
Spouse(s) Cleophas Orange
Children Pamela Aquica Orange, Jamida Orange

James Edward Orange[1] (October 29, 1942 – February 16, 2008) was a pastor[2] and a leading civil rights activist in the Civil Rights Movement in America. He was assistant to Martin Luther King Jr. in the civil rights movement.[3] Orange joined the civil rights marches led by King and Ralph Abernathy in Atlanta in 1963.[3] Later he became a project coordinator for Southern Christian Leadership Conference, drawing young people into the movement.[3]

Personal life[edit]

James Edward Orange was born in Birmingham, Alabama, but moved to Atlanta, Georgia in the early 1960s.[4] Orange, at over 6'3" tall[2][4] and over 300 pounds,[5] was physically impressive but deeply committed to non-violence. In his attempts to convert gang members in Chicago to adopt nonviolent principles, he endured nine beatings without resistance.[2] He was also known for preaching and singing in a strong baritone voice.[5]

Orange had a large family, several of whom were active in the civil rights movement. He was the third of his parents' seven children. His father worked in the large ACIPCO foundry in Birmingham, but was fired in 1957 for union activity. Orange's mother was very active in the Civil Rights Movement and also attended the Monday night mass meetings at the Sixteenth Street church. Still, he told an interviewer on January 15, 2000, "I was afraid to go home and tell my mamma that her daughters, one 17 and the other 14, were in jail. But that's the way it was in those days, as we waged — and won — a non-violent campaign against police clubs and police dogs."[6]

At the time of his death in February, 2008, at Atlanta's Crawford Long Hospital,[2] Orange was recovering from gallbladder surgery.[4][5] Orange had had a triple heart bypass operation about six years before his death, and his health had declined over the years, despite his robust physique.[7]

Orange's wife of 39 years, Cleophas,[4] known as Cleo,[8] survived him, as did three daughters and a son.[7][9] His youngest daughter, Pamela Aquica Orange, died on March 11, 2007.[citation needed] His daughter Jamida Orange spoke to the press on behalf of the family at the time of his death.[4]

Civil rights era[edit]

Speaking 1993, Andrew Young called Orange one of the "real soldiers of the movement ... a gentle giant."[4] Quoted by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution at Orange's death, Young said that when Orange was hired as a field organizer in the early 1960s, "He couldn't afford to go to college and was working as a chef. He quit his job and started going with us, although we were only paying $10 a week. And he never left."[5]

In 1962, when Orange was only a year out of high school, he attended one of the weekly Monday night mass meetings at the 16th Street Baptist Church and was transfixed by a speech on equality by Ralph Abernathy. In a meeting in the church basement later that night, he volunteered to risk arrest picketing a local store the next day. He was arrested, the first of at least 104 arrests for picketing or acts of civil disobedience.[6]

As part of his civil rights work for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Alabama, he was arrested and jailed prior to conviction in 1965 for contributing to the delinquency of minors by enlisting them to work in voter registration drives.[9] His detention in Perry County, Alabama, sparked fears that he would be lynched, and a protest march was organized to support him.

During that march on February 18, 1965, an Alabama state trooper fatally shot a young man, Jimmie Lee Jackson, in the stomach.[9] In 2007, a former trooper named James B. Fowler, 74, was indicted for the death of Jackson. Living witnesses and tapes of the day of the killing were expected to be used at his trial.[9]

The 1965 uproar over Jackson's shooting during Orange's incarceration soon led to the famed Selma to Montgomery marches, including the infamous police brutality on "Bloody Sunday", and the passage of the Voting Rights Act later that year.[2]

Death[edit]

He died at age 65 at Crawford Long Hospital in Atlanta after being admitted to the hospital for gallbladder surgery the previous week.[10]

Later work[edit]

Orange was a project coordinator at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference from 1965 to 1970, then later became a regional coordinator with the AFL-CIO in Atlanta, Georgia.[9] He worked on at least 300 labor-organizing campaigns in that role.[5]

In 1977, Orange worked on the organizing campaign of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union and won union representation and benefits for the workers at J.P. Stevens textile and clothing factories. After that success, Orange was assigned to the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Department until 1996, when he joined their Atlanta field office.[6]

In 2006, Orange worked on Cynthia McKinney's attempt to regain her congressional seat, and appeared at the April 1, 2006 rally against the Iraq War in Atlanta.[7]

Since 1995, Orange had served as the founder and general coordinator for the Martin Luther King, Jr. March Committee-Africa/African American Renaissance Committee, Inc., which coordinated commemorative events honoring King and promoted commercial ties between Atlanta and other United States locations and South Africa.[9]

In 2004, Orange protested the interruption of Atlanta's King commemorations due to an uninvited appearance by George W. Bush. Secret Service agents had initially planned to force organizers to cut their agenda short to accommodate Bush, whose plans included a photo opportunity of laying a wreath in honor of King before attending a major Republican Party fundraiser. After black leaders threatened to lock themselves into the site in question, an historic black church, the Secret Service permitted their symposium to go on, but with limited public access.[11]

I feel disrespected by the administration and the Secret Service. On Dr. King's birthday last year, his administration initiated plans to gut affirmative action. Here we are a year later, and the same person who tried to turn back the clock on me wants to use Dr. King's birthday because it's an election year.

— James Orange, The New York Times, January 15, 2005

According to a fellow activist speaking shortly after his death, "He stayed active right up until the end... The Martin Luther King celebration this year fell on the 21st [of January, 2008]. He was still conducting it from his hospital bed. If you wanted something... he was still calling the shots."[7]

In popular culture[edit]

Orange is played in the 2014 film Selma by Omar Dorsey.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rev James Orange Founder and Chairman, MLK March website biography. Accessed 2008-02-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e Civil Rights Leader Who Marched With King Dies, 2008-02-17, Reuters newswire story.
  3. ^ a b c Hevesi, Dennis (February 22, 2008). "James Orange was aide to Martin Luther King Jr". nytimes.com. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f The Rev. James Orange, 65, 'gentle giant' civil rights activist, 2008-02-17, Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  5. ^ a b c d e The Rev. James Orange, Civil Rights Activist, Dies at 65, February 17, 2008, Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  6. ^ a b c An interview with Rev. James Orange, by Fred Gaboury, 2000, People's Weekly World (newspaper). Accessed 2008-02-17.
  7. ^ a b c d Activist, Rev. James Orange, 1943-2008 2008-02-17, Atlanta Progressive News. Accessed 2008-02-17.
  8. ^ Civil Rights Figure James Orange Dies, 2008-02-17, Associated Press report in the New York Times.
  9. ^ a b c d e f James Orange, civil rights activist, dies at 65, February 17, 2008, CNN News.
  10. ^ "James Orange dies unexpectedly". legacy.com. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  11. ^ Bush Plan to Honor Dr. King Stirs Criticism, January 15, 2004, New York Times. Accessed 2008-02-18.

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