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Japan Football League
Jfl logo.png
Country Japan Japan
Confederation AFC
Founded 1999; 15 years ago (1999)
Number of teams 14
Levels on pyramid 3 (1999–2013)
4 (2014– )
Promotion to J. League Division 2 (1999–2013)
J3 League (2014– )
Relegation to Japanese Regional Leagues
Domestic cup(s) Emperor's Cup
Current champions Nagano Parceiro
(2013)
Most championships Honda FC
(4 titles)
Website http://www.jfl.or.jp/
2014 Japan Football League
For the league before 1998 (Japan futtobōru Līgu (ジャパンフットボールリーグ?), referred to in this page as "the former JFL"), see Japan Football League (1992–1998).

The Japan Football League, (日本フットボールリーグ Nihon futtobōru Līgu?) also known as simply the JFL is the 4th tier of the Japanese association football league system, positioned beneath three divisions of J. League, and the top tier of amateur football in the country. Despite its officially amateur status the league features fully professional teams that hold J. League associate membership among its ranks.

History[edit]

The Japan Football League started from the 1999 season when the second division of J. League (J2) was also born. Until then, J. League consisted of only one division and the former JFL was the second highest division. Out of 16 teams who played the last season of the former JFL, 9 decided and were accepted to play in J2 and the other 7 teams as well as Yokogawa Electric, the winners of the Regional Promotion Series, formed the new Japan Football League. These 8 teams together with Yokohama FC that was allowed to participate as a special case after the merger of Yokohama Flügels and Yokohama Marinos competed in the inaugural 1999 season.

The 9 teams that competed in the first season were as follows: Denso SC, Honda Motors, Jatco FC, Kokushikan University F.C., Mito HollyHock, Otsuka Pharmaceuticals, Sony Sendai, Yokohama FC and Yokogawa Electric.

In the second season the number of clubs was increased from 9 to 12, reaching 16 in 2001. In 2002 it was briefly 18 clubs before going back to 16 the next season and settling for good at 18 in 2006. For the 2012 season it will only have 17 clubs due to the late withdrawal of Arte Takasaki.

The league suffered another contraction after 2013 season, as 10 of its 18 teams have joined the newly created J3 League. It also moved the league a tier down the pyramid, making it fourth-tier league starting 2014.

Three former JFL clubs have competed in the top flight: Yokohama FC (2007), Otsuka Pharmaceuticals (2014, as Tokushima Vortis), and Matsumoto Yamaga (2015).

Overview[edit]

JFL clubs may be affiliated to companies, or be entirely autonomous clubs or reserve teams of these. Until 2010, university clubs (which as a rule do not play in the Japanese football league system) were recommended by the Japan University Football Association and played off against bottom JFL teams for entrance. B-teams are allowed to participate but only A-squads of truly autonomous clubs are eligible for J. League Associate Membership, and with it, promotion to the J. League.

Promotion from JFL[edit]

In 2012 and 2013 season. A club that satisfies the following criteria will be promoted to J. League Div. 2.

  • Have J. League Associate Membership
  • Finish the season in the top two in JFL
    • If only the champion is an Associate Member, it will be automatically promoted.
    • If both the champion and runner-up are Associate Members, the champion will be automatically promoted and the runner-up will play a Promotion/Relegation Series against the second-to-last club in J2.
    • If only the runner-up is an Associate Member, it will play the Promotion/Relegation Series against the last club in J2.
  • Pass the final inspection by J. League Committee

As the establishment of J. league division 3 in 2014 season. The Top 2 requirement is no longer necessary should a team is approved by J. League Committee and is a J. League Associate Member. However, they'll start at J3 instead. The JFL will be the highest tier of amateur level football league in Japan again, through, they still serve the purpose of helping potential J.League participants to participate the J3.

Relegation from JFL[edit]

Up to two teams at the bottom of the league may face a direct relegation or relegation/promotion play-off against the teams finishing at the top of the All Japan Regional Football Promotion League Series. The number of the teams who need to compete in the play-off varies depending on the number of the teams that are promoted to J3 or withdrawn from the JFL.

Emperor's Cup eligibility[edit]

Until 2008, only the club at the top of the standings at half-season (17 matches completed) was qualified for the Emperor's Cup, entering it at the third round along with the clubs in J2, but the allotment was widened to the top three clubs in 2010 due to the expansion of J2. Every other club must qualify through a qualifying cup in their own prefecture and then must enter at the first round.

2014 season[edit]

Competition format[edit]

The league will follow the apertura and clausura system, with two winners of each stage contesting the championship in the playoff.

Participating clubs (2014)[edit]

Template:JFL map 2014

Club Name First Season
in JFL
Seasons in JFL Home Town(s) Current Spell
in JFL
Last JFL title Qualifiable base
for J. League
Azul Claro Numazu 2014 1 Numazu, Shizuoka 2014— Yes
Fagiano Okayama Next 2014 1 Okayama, Okayama 2014— No
Honda FC 1999 16 Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 1999— 2008 No
Kagoshima United 2014 1 Kagoshima, Kagoshima 2014— Yes
Honda Lock 2005 8 Miyazaki, Miyazaki 2009— No
Maruyasu Okazaki 2014 1 Okazaki, Aichi 2014— No
MIO Biwako Shiga 2008 7 Kusatsu, Shiga 2008— Yes
Sagawa Printing Kyoto 2003 12 Uji, Kyoto 2003— No
Renofa Yamaguchi 2014 1 Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi 2014— Yes
Sony Sendai 1999 16 Miyagi Prefecture 1999— No
Tochigi Uva 2010 5 Tochigi, Tochigi 2010— Yes
Vanraure Hachinohe 2014 1 Hachinohe, Aomori 2014— Yes
Verspah Oita 2012 3 Ōita, Ōita 2012— No
Yokogawa Musashino 1999 16 Musashino, Tokyo 1999— No

Former clubs[edit]

Club Name First Season
in JFL
Seasons
in JFL
Home Town(s) Last Spell
in JFL
Last
JFL title
Current League
ALO's Hokuriku 2000 8 Toyama, Toyama 2000–2007 Defunct, merged into Kataller Toyama
Arte Takasaki 2004 8 Takasaki, Gunma 2004–2011 Defunct
Kyoto BAMB 1993 2000 4 Kyoto, Kyoto 2000–2004 Kansai League D1
Blaublitz Akita 2007 7 All cities/towns in Akita 2007–2013 J3
Ehime FC 2001 5 All cities/towns in Ehime 2001–2005 2005 J2
Fagiano Okayama 2008 1 All cities/towns in Okayama 2008 J2
Fukushima United 2013 1 Fukushima, Fukushima 2013 J3
Gainare Tottori 2001 10 All cities/towns in Tottori 2001–2010 2010 J3
FC Gifu 2007 1 All cities/towns in Gifu 2007 J2
Mito HollyHock 1999 1 Mito, Ibaraki 1999 J2
Jatco FC 1999 5 Numazu, Shizuoka 1999–2003 Defunct
JEF Reserves 2006 6 Ichihara, Chiba 2006–2011 Defunct
Kamatamare Sanuki 2011 3 All cities/towns in Kagawa 2011–2013 J2
FC Kariya 1999 11 Kariya, Aichi 1999–2009 Tōkai League D1
Kataller Toyama 2008 1 All cities/towns in Toyama 2008 J2
Kokushikan University 1999 6 Machida, Tokyo 1999–2003 Kantō University League
Mitsubishi Motors Mizushima 2005 5 Kurashiki, Okayama 2005–2009 Chugoku League
Fujieda MYFC 2012 2 Fujieda, Shizuoka 2012–2013 J3
New Wave Kitakyushu 2008 2 Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 2008–2009 J2
Otsuka Pharmaceuticals 1999 6 All cities/towns in Tokushima 1999–2004 2004 J1
Nagano Parceiro 2011 3 Nagano, Nagano 2011–2013 2013 J3
Profesor Miyazaki 2002 1 All cities/towns in Miyazaki 2002 Defunct
Rosso Kumamoto 2001 4 Kumamoto, Kumamoto 2006–2007 J2
FC Ryukyu 2006 8 All cities/towns in Okinawa 2006–2013 J3
Ryutsu Keizai University 2005 6 Ryugasaki, Ibaraki 2005–2010 Kantō League D1
SC Sagamihara 2013 1 Sagamihara, Kanagawa 2013 J3
Sagawa Express Osaka 2002 5 Higashisumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 2002–2006 Defunct, merged into Sagawa Shiga
Sagawa Express Tokyo 2001 6 Kōtō, Tokyo 2001–2006 Defunct, merged into Sagawa Shiga
Sagawa Shiga 2007 6 Moriyama, Shiga 2007–2012 2011 Defunct
Shizuoka Sangyo University 2000 3 Iwata, Shizuoka 2000–2002 Tōkai University League
Thespa Kusatsu 2004 1 All cities/towns in Gunma 2004 J2
Tochigi SC 2000 9 Utsunomiya, Tochigi 2000–2008 J2
V-Varen Nagasaki 2009 4 All cities/towns in Nagasaki 2009–2012 2012 J2
Matsumoto Yamaga 2010 2 Matsumoto, Nagano 2010–2011 J2
YKK AP 2001 7 Kurobe, Toyama 2001–2007 Defunct, merged into Kataller Toyama
Yokohama FC 1999 2 Yokohama, Kanagawa 1999–2000 2000 J2
YSCC 2012 2 Yokohama, Kanagawa 2012–2013 J3
Machida Zelvia 2009 4 Machida, Tokyo 2013 J3
Zweigen Kanazawa 2010 4 Kanazawa, Ishikawa 2010–2013 J3
  • Pink background denotes clubs that were most recently promoted from JFL to J. League.

Championship, promotion and relegation history[edit]

Most successful clubs[edit]

Clubs in bold compete in JFL as of 2014 season. Clubs in italic no longer exist.

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons Runners-up seasons
Honda FC
4
4
2001, 2002, 2006, 2008 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004
Sagawa Shiga
3
1
2007, 2009, 2011 2010
Otsuka Pharmaceuticals
2
1
2003, 2004 2001
Yokohama FC
2
0
1999, 2000
Nagano Parceiro
1
2
2013 2011, 2012
Ehime FC
1
0
2005
Gainare Tottori
1
0
2010
V-Varen Nagasaki
1
0
2012
Sagawa Express Tokyo 0 2 2002, 2006
YKK AP
0
1
2005
Rosso Kumamoto
0
1
2007
Tochigi SC
0
1
2008
Yokogawa Musashino
0
1
2009
Kamatamare Sanuki
0
1
2013

Third-tier league: 1999–2013[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up Promoted to J2 after the season Promoted from Regional Leagues before the season Relegated to Regional Leagues after the season
1999 Yokohama F.C. Honda F.C. Mito HollyHock Yokogawa Denki None
2000 Yokohama F.C. Honda F.C. Yokohama FC Tochigi S.C.
Shizuoka Kengyo University F.C.
Alo's Hokuriku
F.C. Kyoken
None
2001 Honda F.C. Otsuka Pharmaceutical F.C. None Sagawa Express Tokyo S.C.
YKK AP F.C.
S.C. Tottori
Ehime F.C.
NTT West Japan-Kumamoto
None
2002 Honda F.C. Sagawa Express Tokyo S.C. None Sagawa Express Osaka S.C.
Profesor Miyazaki
Shizuoka Kengyo University F.C.
Alouette Kumamoto
Profesor Miyazaki
2003 Otsuka Pharmaceutical F.C. Honda F.C. None Sagawa Printing S.C. Jatco F.C. (disbanded)
F.C. Kyoto BAMB 1993 (F.C. Kyoken)
2004 Otsuka Pharmaceutical F.C. Honda F.C. Otsuka (Tokushima Vortis)
Kusatsu
Thespa Kusatsu
Gunma Horikoshi
Kokushikan University F.C. (forced to withdraw due to scandal)
2005 Ehime F.C. YKK AP F.C. Ehime Ryutsu Keizai University F.C.
Mitsubishi Motors Mizushima F.C.
Honda Lock S.C.
None
2006 Honda F.C. Sagawa Express Tokyo S.C. None JEF United Ichihara Chiba B
Rosso Kumamoto
F.C. Ryukyu
Honda Lock S.C.
(Sagawa Express Tokyo and Osaka clubs merge to form a single club)
2007 Sagawa Express S.C. Rosso Kumamoto Kumamoto
Gifu
TDK S.C.
F.C. Gifu
(Alo's Hokuriku and YKK AP merge to form Kataller Toyama)
2008 Honda FC Tochigi SC Tochigi SC
Fagiano Okayama
Kataller Toyama
Fagiano Okayama
New Wave Kitakyushu
MIO Biwako Shiga
None
2009 Sagawa Shiga Yokogawa Musashino New Wave Kitakyushu Machida Zelvia
V-Varen Nagasaki
Honda Lock
Mitsubishi Motors Mizushima (voluntary withdrawal)
FC Kariya
2010 Gainare Tottori Sagawa Shiga Tottori Matsumoto Yamaga
Hitachi Tochigi Uva
Zweigen Kanazawa
Ryutsu Keizai University
2011 Sagawa Shiga Nagano Parceiro Machida
Matsumoto
Kamatamare Sanuki
Nagano Parceiro
JEF Reserves (disbanded)
Arte Takasaki (disbanded)
2012 V-Varen Nagasaki Nagano Parceiro Nagasaki YSCC
Fujieda MYFC
Hoyo AC Elan Oita
Sagawa Shiga (disbanded)
2013 Nagano Parceiro Kamatamare Sanuki Sanuki SC Sagamihara
Fukushima United
None
*The following teams were admitted to the new J3 League: Nagano Parceiro, SC Sagamihara, Machida Zelvia, Zweigen Kanazawa, Blaublitz Akita, FC Ryukyu, YSCC, Fujieda MYFC and Fukushima United.

Fourth-tier League: 2014—[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up Promoted to J3 after the season Promoted from Regional Leagues before the season Relegated to Regional Leagues after the season
2014 Renofa Yamaguchi Fagiano Okayama Next
Kagoshima United
Vanraure Hachinohe
Azul Claro Numazu
Maruyasu Industries SC
Renofa Yamaguchi
None
2015 Nara Club
FC Osaka

External links[edit]

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