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Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Displays Its Fire Power During Exercise Iron Fist
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Displays Its Fire Power During Exercise Iron Fist
::2014/02/11::
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Jijicom - Japan Ground Self Defense Force Military Parade Highlights 2013 [1080p]
Jijicom - Japan Ground Self Defense Force Military Parade Highlights 2013 [1080p]
::2013/10/27::
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Creation of Tough & Resilient Japan Ground Self-Defense Force -Toward Dynamic Joint Defense Force-
Creation of Tough & Resilient Japan Ground Self-Defense Force -Toward Dynamic Joint Defense Force-
::2014/03/25::
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4
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force center musical band "Senbonzakura"
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force center musical band "Senbonzakura"
::2014/04/21::
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5
Japan Ground Self Defense Force official Ad 2010 陸上自衛隊
Japan Ground Self Defense Force official Ad 2010 陸上自衛隊
::2010/03/18::
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Japan Ground Self-Defense Force / JGSDF 2013
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force / JGSDF 2013
::2013/10/10::
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Japanese Self-Defense Force Scout Sniper
Japanese Self-Defense Force Scout Sniper
::2015/02/01::
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陸上自衛隊の装備 ② Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊の装備 ② Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
::2014/11/07::
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陸上自衛隊の装備① Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊の装備① Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
::2014/11/06::
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10
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Scout Sniper Survival Skills
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Scout Sniper Survival Skills
::2015/02/26::
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JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE in JOINT OPERATIONAL POSTURE
JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE in JOINT OPERATIONAL POSTURE
::2013/11/11::
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12
Japan Self Defense Force(JSDF)
Japan Self Defense Force(JSDF)
::2010/08/12::
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Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force, U.S. Marines Conduct Amphibious Raid on Guam Beach | AiirSource
Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force, U.S. Marines Conduct Amphibious Raid on Guam Beach | AiirSource
::2013/07/17::
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14
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Participate in Scout Sniper
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Participate in Scout Sniper
::2015/02/25::
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平成26年度富士総合火力演習(そうかえん) 前段演習
平成26年度富士総合火力演習(そうかえん) 前段演習
::2014/08/26::
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16
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Conduct Amphibious-Insertion Training
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Conduct Amphibious-Insertion Training
::2014/02/05::
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17
U.S. Army, Japanese Ground Self Defense Force - Culminating Combined Arms Attack
U.S. Army, Japanese Ground Self Defense Force - Culminating Combined Arms Attack
::2013/09/27::
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18
Japan Ground Self Defense Force / JGSDF Fuji Firepower 2005
Japan Ground Self Defense Force / JGSDF Fuji Firepower 2005
::2006/10/28::
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Japanese Ground Self Defense Force - Dawn Blitz 2013
Japanese Ground Self Defense Force - Dawn Blitz 2013
::2013/06/17::
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20
1st Recon Marines train Japan Ground Self-Defense Force soldiers
1st Recon Marines train Japan Ground Self-Defense Force soldiers
::2014/02/01::
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21
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
::2009/11/29::
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22
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Snipers - Sniper Training Awards Ceremony
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Snipers - Sniper Training Awards Ceremony
::2013/10/12::
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23
Naval Air Facility Misawa Sailors Train Japan Ground Self Defense Force Soldiers
Naval Air Facility Misawa Sailors Train Japan Ground Self Defense Force Soldiers
::2014/11/03::
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24
陸上自衛隊 Japan Ground Self Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 Japan Ground Self Defense Force
::2009/08/13::
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25
陸上自衛隊 中央音楽隊 水曜コンサート 【ノーカット】 Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Musical Band Playing.
陸上自衛隊 中央音楽隊 水曜コンサート 【ノーカット】 Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Musical Band Playing.
::2014/10/01::
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26
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Fires 81mm Mortar Illumination Rounds
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Fires 81mm Mortar Illumination Rounds
::2014/02/11::
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27
US Army & Japan Ground Self-Defense Force in Rising Thunder Exercise
US Army & Japan Ground Self-Defense Force in Rising Thunder Exercise
::2014/09/18::
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28
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
::2009/11/28::
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Japan Ground Self Defense Force 陸上自衛隊 English Ver.
Japan Ground Self Defense Force 陸上自衛隊 English Ver.
::2009/08/13::
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30
Japan
Japan's ground self-defense forces start annual exercise
::2013/08/20::
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31
Japan Ground Self Defense Force 1/2t Light Truck
Japan Ground Self Defense Force 1/2t Light Truck
::2012/03/17::
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32
陸上自衛隊の力 Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊の力 Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
::2014/11/07::
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33
陸上自衛隊 第一音楽隊 水曜コンサート 【ノーカット】Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Musical Band Playing.
陸上自衛隊 第一音楽隊 水曜コンサート 【ノーカット】Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Musical Band Playing.
::2014/10/08::
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34
Canteen cup of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Canteen cup of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
::2013/05/22::
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35
MRE Review - Japanese Army Combat Ration (JSDF) - Sauteed Pork & Ginger
MRE Review - Japanese Army Combat Ration (JSDF) - Sauteed Pork & Ginger
::2014/06/20::
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36
AFTER the BOMB: Japanese Self Defense Forces (720p)
AFTER the BOMB: Japanese Self Defense Forces (720p)
::2014/05/02::
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37
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
::2009/11/29::
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38
陸上自衛隊その1 Force of the Japanese army Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊その1 Force of the Japanese army Ground Self-Defense Force
::2012/09/16::
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39
U.S. Army and Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force Forward Observers
U.S. Army and Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force Forward Observers
::2013/09/14::
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Bell AH-1 Huey Cobra /  Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
Bell AH-1 Huey Cobra / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
::2009/11/28::
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41
Jijicom   Japan Ground Self Defense Force Military Parade Highlights 2013 1080p
Jijicom Japan Ground Self Defense Force Military Parade Highlights 2013 1080p
::2015/01/08::
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42
陸上自衛隊 | Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 | Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
::2014/11/04::
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43
Japan Ground Self Defense Force / Fuji Firepower 2005 rev.2
Japan Ground Self Defense Force / Fuji Firepower 2005 rev.2
::2007/02/19::
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44
Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces and US Stryker Forces Conduct Bilateral Exercise
Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces and US Stryker Forces Conduct Bilateral Exercise
::2012/11/02::
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45
Burgle Call of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force 陸上自衛隊ラッパ訓練隊演奏
Burgle Call of Japan Ground Self-Defense Force 陸上自衛隊ラッパ訓練隊演奏
::2010/03/14::
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46
Sikorsky UH-60 Sky Crane / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
Sikorsky UH-60 Sky Crane / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
::2009/11/28::
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47
陸上自衛隊その2 Force of the Japanese army Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊その2 Force of the Japanese army Ground Self-Defense Force
::2012/09/16::
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Marines train with Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Marines train with Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
::2013/01/30::
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Training Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces.Hokkaido.Honshu.Japanese 2nd Divisio...HD Stock Footage
Training Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces.Hokkaido.Honshu.Japanese 2nd Divisio...HD Stock Footage
::2014/03/05::
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Sikorsky UH-60 Sky Crane / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
Sikorsky UH-60 Sky Crane / Japan Ground Self Defense Force @ Akeno / RJOE / Japan
::2009/11/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the Imperial Japanese Army (1871–1947), see Imperial Japanese Army. For the Ministry of the Military (Ritsuryō) (701–1871), see Ministry of the Military (Ritsuryō).
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Flag of JSDF.svg
Founded July 1, 1954 – present
Country  Japan
Type Army
Size 170,000 active personnel
Part of Japan Self-Defense Forces
Garrison/HQ Ichigaya, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Nickname GSDF
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief PM Shinzō Abe
Chief of the ground staff General Eiji Kimizuka

The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF; Japanese: 陸上自衛隊; Rikujō Jieitai?), is the main branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the de facto army of Japan. The JGSDF was created on July 1, 1954.

New military guidelines, announced in December 2010 will direct the Jieitai away from its Cold War focus on the Soviet Union to a focus on China, especially regarding the dispute over the Senkaku Islands. The largest of the three services of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force is tasked with maintaining internal security in Japan and operates under the command of the chief of the ground staff, based in the city of Ichigaya, Shinjuku, Tokyo. The present chief of the ground staff is General Eiji Kimizuka (Japanese: 君塚 栄治).

The JGSDF numbered around 170,000 soldiers in 2014.[1]

History[edit]

For a long period, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force possessed a dubious ability to hold off a Soviet invasion of Hokkaido. Zbigniew Brzezinski observed in 1972 that it seemed optimized to fight ‘a Soviet invasion conducted on American patterns of a quarter of a century ago.’[2] While the force is now an efficient army of around 170,000.[3] its apparent importance had, until recently, seemingly declined with the end of the Cold War, and attempts to reorient the forces as a whole to new post Cold War missions have been tangled in a series of internal political disputes.

Today[edit]

Personnel[edit]

JGSDF soldiers from the 22nd Infantry Regiment train with U.S. Army soldiers in a bilateral exercise at Fort Lewis' Leschi Town in October 2008.

In 1989, basic training for lower-secondary and upper-secondary academy graduates began in the training brigade and lasted approximately three months. Specialized enlisted and non-commissioned officer (NCO) candidate courses were available in branch schools and qualified NCOs could enter an eight-to-twelve-week officer candidate program. Senior NCOs and graduates of an eighty-week NCO pilot course were eligible to enter officer candidate schools, as were graduates of the National Defense Academy at Yokosuka and graduates of all four-year universities. Advanced technical, flight, medical and command and staff officer courses were also run by the JGSDF. Like the maritime and air forces, the JGSDF ran a youth cadet program offering technical training to lower-secondary school graduates below military age in return for a promise of enlistment.

Because of population density and urbanization on the Japanese islands, only limited areas are available for large-scale training, and, even in these areas, noise restrictions are extensive. The JGSDF has adapted to these conditions by conducting command post exercises, map maneuvers, investing in simulators and other training programs, as well as conducting live fire exercises overseas at locations such as the Yakima Training Center in the United States.

The JGSDF has two reserve components: the rapid-reaction reserve component (即応予備自衛官制度) and the main reserve component (一般予備自衛官制度). Members of the rapid-reaction component train 30 days a year. Members of the main reserve train five days a year. As of December 2007, there were 8,425 members of the rapid-reaction reserve component and 22,404 members of the main reserve component.[4]

Equipment[edit]

Organization[edit]

Operational Structure of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force 2011. Click to enlarge.

Armies[edit]

Disposition of JGSDF combat units

Other Units[edit]

  • Other Units and Organizations
    • Material Control Command
    • Ground Research & Development Command
    • Signal Brigade
    • Military Police
    • Military Intelligence Command
    • Intelligence Security Command
    • Ground Staff College
    • Ground Officer Candidate School
    • Others
JGSDF Chief of Staff Eiji Kimizuka, speaks with a U.S. Marine officer aboard the USS Essex (LHD-2), in March 2011.
JGSDF Middle Army headquarters in Itami, Japan

Tactical organization[edit]

The GSDF consists of the following tactical units:

JGSDF divisions and brigades are combined arms units with infantry, armored, and artillery units, combat support units and logistical support units. They are regionally independent and permanent entities. The divisions strength varies from 6,000 to 9,000 personnel. The brigades are smaller with 3,000 to 4,000 personnel.

Special Forces[edit]

Special Forces units consist of the following:

Ranks[edit]

Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 (Rikujō Jieitai)
Flag of JSDF.svg


Command
Ground Staff Office
Components
Northern Army
North Eastern Army
Eastern Army
Central Army
Western Army
Central Readiness Force
JGSDF Reserve
JGSDF Reserve Candidate


Officers[edit]

Officer & Warrant Officer
(幹部・准尉)
Insignia General
(統合・陸上
幕僚長たる陸将)
Lieutenant
General

(陸将)
Major
General

(陸将補)
Colonel
(1等陸佐)
Lieutenant
Colonel
(2等陸佐)
Major
(3等陸佐)
Captain
(1等陸尉)
First
Lieutenant
(2等陸尉)
Second
Lieutenant
(3等陸尉)
Warrant
Officer
(准陸尉)
Type A
(甲階級章)
JGSDF General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (a).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (a).svg JGSDF Major insignia (a).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (a).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JGSDF General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (b).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (b).svg JGSDF Major insignia (b).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (b).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JGSDF General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Major insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (miniature).svg

Enlisted[edit]

Enlisted
(曹・士)
Insignia Sergeant
Major
(陸曹長)
Master
Sergeant
(1等陸曹)
Sergeant
First
Class
(2等陸曹)
Sergeant
(3等陸曹)
Leading
Private
(陸士長)
Private
First
Class
(1等陸士)
Private
(2等陸士)
Type A
(甲階級章)
JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (a).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (a).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (a).svg JGSDF Private insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (b).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (b).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (b).svg JGSDF Private insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Private insignia (miniature).svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IISS Military Balance 2008, Routledge, London, 2008, p.384
  2. ^ Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Fragile Blossom (Harper, 1972) p.95, in James H. Buck, ‘The Japanese Military in the 1980s,’ in James H. Buck (ed.), The Modern Japanese Military System, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills/London, 1975, p.220
  3. ^ IISS 2010, pp. 408–411
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ https://ja.m.wikipedia.orgレンジャー_%28陸上自衛隊%29

External links[edit]

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