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Japanese Military Power - Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Firepower Demonstration
Japanese Military Power - Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Firepower Demonstration
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: War Clashes
Japan Self-Defense Force – Infantry Ambush to Secure Drop Zone
Japan Self-Defense Force – Infantry Ambush to Secure Drop Zone
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: AiirSource Military
JGSDF - Japan Ground & Air Self Defense Forces Parade 2016 : Full Military Assets Segment [1080p]
JGSDF - Japan Ground & Air Self Defense Forces Parade 2016 : Full Military Assets Segment [1080p]
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: arronlee33
JGSDF Platoon Attack Training – Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (陸上自衛隊)
JGSDF Platoon Attack Training – Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (陸上自衛隊)
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Firepower
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Firepower
Published: 2013/12/31
Channel: THEPHDEFENSE
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force - Close Quarters Combat Training
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force - Close Quarters Combat Training
Published: 2015/09/12
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japan Self Defence Force Academy,JSDF, documentary..
Japan Self Defence Force Academy,JSDF, documentary..
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: KateLicker
Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF) Training Video
Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF) Training Video
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: TheHokkaidoCyborg
Japanese Armed Forces 2017
Japanese Armed Forces 2017
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: The Marine
Elite Airborne Units from Japan Self-Defense Forces SHOW OF FORCE
Elite Airborne Units from Japan Self-Defense Forces SHOW OF FORCE
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Snipers - Sniper Training Awards Ceremony
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Snipers - Sniper Training Awards Ceremony
Published: 2013/10/12
Channel: AiirSource Military
JGSDF Training at Exercise Iron Fist 2015 - Japan Ground Self Defense Force (陸上自衛隊)
JGSDF Training at Exercise Iron Fist 2015 - Japan Ground Self Defense Force (陸上自衛隊)
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Foxtrot Alpha
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Displays Its Fire Power
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Displays Its Fire Power
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: AiirSource Military
SCARY! Japan Military Power | Japan Self-Defense Forces | Japanese Capabilities 2017
SCARY! Japan Military Power | Japan Self-Defense Forces | Japanese Capabilities 2017
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Armed Forces
Japan Self-Defense Forces | American Documentary Film on Japan and the Japanese Army After WW2
Japan Self-Defense Forces | American Documentary Film on Japan and the Japanese Army After WW2
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: The Best Film Archives
Jijicom - Japan Ground Self Defense Force Military Parade Highlights 2013 [1080p]
Jijicom - Japan Ground Self Defense Force Military Parade Highlights 2013 [1080p]
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: arronlee33
Japan Ground Self Defence Force Central Band
Japan Ground Self Defence Force Central Band
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Todd Martin
Japan’s Military Capabilities 2017 - Japan Self-Defense Forces 2017 - Forças de Autodefesa do Japão
Japan’s Military Capabilities 2017 - Japan Self-Defense Forces 2017 - Forças de Autodefesa do Japão
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Rumoaohepta7
Japan Self Defense Forces 1954 US Army; Cold War Japanese Military; The Big Picture TV-319
Japan Self Defense Forces 1954 US Army; Cold War Japanese Military; The Big Picture TV-319
Published: 2015/06/12
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Japan Ground Self Defense Force.
Japan Ground Self Defense Force.
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Odo Puiu Events
Japan Self Defence Force Video JSDF
Japan Self Defence Force Video JSDF
Published: 2006/07/01
Channel: Rosenkreuzer
JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE in JOINT OPERATIONAL POSTURE
JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE in JOINT OPERATIONAL POSTURE
Published: 2013/11/11
Channel: 陸上自衛隊 広報チャンネル
Perth Salute 2017 - Japan Ground Self-Defence Force Central Band display, Perthshire, Scotland
Perth Salute 2017 - Japan Ground Self-Defence Force Central Band display, Perthshire, Scotland
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Braemar Media
Urban Sniper – Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Urban Sniper – Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japanese Army Firepower - Japan Ground Self-Defense Force JGSDF
Japanese Army Firepower - Japan Ground Self-Defense Force JGSDF
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: JP-SWAT
Japan Ground & Air Self Defense Forces Parade 2016
Japan Ground & Air Self Defense Forces Parade 2016
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Fuerzas Armadas
U.S. Marine are training with the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces
U.S. Marine are training with the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: US Military Videos By OpsLens
U.S. Marines, Japan Self-Defense Force Conduct Fire-Support Exercises
U.S. Marines, Japan Self-Defense Force Conduct Fire-Support Exercises
Published: 2014/02/02
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japanese Military Parade 自衛隊観閲式2013
Japanese Military Parade 自衛隊観閲式2013
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: AMANO Jun-ichi
Scout Sniper Training - Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF)
Scout Sniper Training - Japan Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF)
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Foxtrot Alpha
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force — Support By Fire (SBF) Range
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force — Support By Fire (SBF) Range
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force center musical band "Senbonzakura"
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force center musical band "Senbonzakura"
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: favorite
US Marines and Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Scout Snipers
US Marines and Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Scout Snipers
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Military Material
U.S. Soldiers and Japan Self-Defense Forces in Field Artillery Training
U.S. Soldiers and Japan Self-Defense Forces in Field Artillery Training
Published: 2013/09/12
Channel: AiirSource Military
🔘 Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force Shows Its Big Guns. Mount Fuji.
🔘 Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force Shows Its Big Guns. Mount Fuji.
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Odo Puiu info
陸上自衛隊 | Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 | Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Massza
Japan Self Defense Force(JSDF)
Japan Self Defense Force(JSDF)
Published: 2010/08/12
Channel: kurev1
Japanese Ground Self Defense Force - Dawn Blitz 2013
Japanese Ground Self Defense Force - Dawn Blitz 2013
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: World Armies
JSDF 2007 (Japan Self Defence Force) PV
JSDF 2007 (Japan Self Defence Force) PV
Published: 2007/12/31
Channel: kinsei1560
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Participate in Scout Sniper
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Participate in Scout Sniper
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: THEPHDEFENSE
Japan Ground Defence Force 1980 - 1989
Japan Ground Defence Force 1980 - 1989
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: MajorSamm
Bo-Emon
Bo-Emon's Defense Lecture -ABC of Self-Defense Forces-
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: modchannel
JAPAN MILITARY POWER 2017 (Japan Army, Air Force, Navy)
JAPAN MILITARY POWER 2017 (Japan Army, Air Force, Navy)
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Zobiyen TV
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force & U.S. Forces Japan - Yama Sakura 65
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force & U.S. Forces Japan - Yama Sakura 65
Published: 2013/12/16
Channel: AiirSource Military
Japan Ground Self Defense Force TYPE90 Panzer
Japan Ground Self Defense Force TYPE90 Panzer
Published: 2007/01/22
Channel: jsdffan
Badenweiler Marsch Georg Fürst Japan Ground Self Defense Force Eastern Army Band
Badenweiler Marsch Georg Fürst Japan Ground Self Defense Force Eastern Army Band
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Musik Damals
U.S. Marines, Japan Ground Self-Defense Force detonate explosives during Northern Viper 17
U.S. Marines, Japan Ground Self-Defense Force detonate explosives during Northern Viper 17
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Department of Defense
016. U.S. Army & Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Combat Physical Training
016. U.S. Army & Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Combat Physical Training
Published: 2009/08/05
Channel: USArmyInJapan
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force กองกำลังป้องกันตนเองภาคพื้นดินญี่ปุ่น  陸上自衛隊
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force กองกำลังป้องกันตนเองภาคพื้นดินญี่ปุ่น 陸上自衛隊
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: SOROS SUPIM
Japan Self Defense Force martial arts
Japan Self Defense Force martial arts
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: Stars and Stripes
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊
Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.svg
Founded July 1, 1954
Country  Japan
Type Army
Size 150,000 active personnel
Part of Japanese SDF
Garrison/HQ Ichigaya, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Nickname(s) JGSDF, GSDF
Website www.mod.go.jp/gsdf
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief PM Shinzō Abe
Minister of Defense Tomomi Inada
Chief of Staff, Joint Staff Admiral Katsutoshi Kawano
Chief of the Ground Staff General Koji Yamazaki

The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (陸上自衛隊, Rikujō Jieitai), or JGSDF, is the main branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, responsible for land-based military operations, and is the de facto army of Japan. Created on July 1, 1954, it is the largest of the three services of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.

New military guidelines, announced in December 2010, direct the Self-Defense Forces away from their Cold War focus on the Soviet Union to a new focus on China, especially in respect of the dispute over the Senkaku Islands. The JGSDF is chiefly tasked with maintaining internal security in Japan.

The Force operates under the command of the chief of the ground staff, based in the city of Ichigaya, Shinjuku, Tokyo. The present chief of staff is General Koji Yamazaki (Japanese: 山崎 幸二). The JGSDF numbered around 150,000 soldiers in 2008.[1] As of 2010, the number remained the same at approximately 150,000 personnel.[2]

History[edit]

Japan accepted the Potsdam Declaration in 1945, and, in compliance with Article 9, the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy were dismantled. Both were replaced by the United States Armed Forces occupation force, which assumed responsibility for the external defense of Japan.

On the outbreak of the Korean War, many U.S. units were transferred to South Korea, and Japan was perceived as lacking defenses. Encouraged by the U.S. occupation authorities, the Japanese government in July 1950 authorized the establishment of a National Police Reserve, consisting of 75,000 men equipped with light infantry weapons.[3]

Under the terms of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan, United States forces stationed in Japan were to deal with external aggression against Japan while Japanese forces, both ground and maritime, would deal with internal threats and natural disasters. Accordingly, in mid-1952, the National Police Reserve was expanded to 110,000 men and named the National Safety Forces.[4]

Japan continued to improve its defensive capabilities. On July 1, 1954, the National Security Board was reorganized as the Defense Agency, and the National Security Force was reorganized afterwards as the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (Army), the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy) and the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Air force), with General Keizō Hayashi appointed as the first Chairman of Joint Staff Council—professional head of the three branches. The enabling legislation for this was the 1954 Self-Defense Forces Act [Act No. 165 of 1954].[5]

For a long period, the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force possessed a dubious ability to hold off a Soviet invasion of Hokkaido. Zbigniew Brzezinski observed in 1972 that it seemed optimized to fight ‘a Soviet invasion conducted on American patterns of a quarter of a century ago.[6] While the force is now an efficient army of around 150,000,[2] its apparent importance had, until recently, seemingly declined with the end of the Cold War, and attempts to reorient the forces as a whole to new post Cold War missions have been tangled in a series of internal political disputes.

Current deployment[edit]

Personnel[edit]

JGSDF soldiers from the 22nd Infantry Regiment train with U.S. Army soldiers in a bilateral exercise at Fort Lewis' Leschi Town in October 2008.

In 1989, basic training for lower-secondary and upper-secondary academy graduates began in the training brigade and lasted approximately three months. Specialized enlisted and non-commissioned officer (NCO) candidate courses were available in branch schools and qualified NCOs could enter an eight-to-twelve-week officer candidate program. Senior NCOs and graduates of an eighty-week NCO pilot course were eligible to enter officer candidate schools, as were graduates of the National Defense Academy at Yokosuka and graduates of all four-year universities. Advanced technical, flight, medical and command and staff officer courses were also run by the JGSDF. Like the maritime and air forces, the JGSDF ran a youth cadet program offering technical training to lower-secondary school graduates below military age in return for a promise of enlistment.

Because of population density and urbanization on the Japanese islands, only limited areas are available for large-scale training, and, even in these areas, noise restrictions are extensive. The JGSDF has adapted to these conditions by conducting command post exercises, map manoeuvres, investing in simulators and other training programs, as well as conducting live fire exercises overseas at locations such as the Yakima Training Center in the United States.

The JGSDF has two reserve components: the rapid-reaction reserve component (即応予備自衛官制度) and the main reserve component (一般予備自衛官制度). Members of the rapid-reaction component train 30 days a year. Members of the main reserve train five days a year. As of December 2007, there were 8,425 members of the rapid-reaction reserve component and 22,404 members of the main reserve component.[7]

Equipment[edit]

Organization[edit]

Operational Structure of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force 2016. (Click to enlarge)

Armies[edit]

Disposition of JGSDF combat units


division[edit]

JGSDF currently has 9 active duty divisions (1 armored, 8 infantry),6 active Brigades

Other units[edit]

  • Other Units and Organizations
    • Material Control Command
    • Ground Research & Development Command
    • Signal Brigade
    • Military Police
    • Military Intelligence Command
    • Intelligence Security Command
    • Ground Staff College
    • Ground Officer Candidate School
    • Others
JGSDF Chief of Staff Eiji Kimizuka, speaks with a U.S. Marine officer aboard the USS Essex (LHD-2), in March 2011.
JGSDF Middle Army headquarters in Itami, Japan

Tactical organization[edit]

The GSDF consists of the following tactical units:

JGSDF divisions and brigades are combined arms units with infantry, armored, and artillery units, combat support units and logistical support units. They are regionally independent and permanent entities. The divisions strength varies from 6,000 to 9,000 personnel. The brigades are smaller with 3,000 to 4,000 personnel.

Special Forces[edit]

Special Forces units consist of the following:

Ranks[edit]

Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
陸上自衛隊 (Rikujō Jieitai)
Flag of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.svg

Command
Ground Staff Office
Components
Northern Army
North Eastern Army
Eastern Army
Central Army
Western Army
Central Readiness Force
JGSDF Reserve
JGSDF Reserve Candidate


Officers(幹部)[edit]

Insignia OF-9
Full General
統合幕僚長
および
陸上幕僚長
たる陸将
OF-8
Lieutenant
General

陸将
OF-7
Major
General

陸将補
OF-5
Colonel
1等陸佐
OF-4
Lieutenant
Colonel

2等陸佐
OF-3
Major
3等陸佐
OF-2
Captain
1等陸尉
OF-1
First
Lieutenant

2等陸尉
OF-1
Second
Lieutenant

3等陸尉
Type A
(甲階級章)
JGSDF General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (a).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (a).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (a).svg JGSDF Major insignia (a).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (a).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JGSDF General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (b).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (b).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (b).svg JGSDF Major insignia (b).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (b).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JGSDF General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Lieutenant General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Major General insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Lieutenant Colonel insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Major insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Captain insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF First Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Second Lieutenant insignia (miniature).svg

Warrant Officer & Enlisted(准尉および曹士)[edit]

Insignia OR-9
Warrant
Officer

准陸尉
OR-8
Sergeant
Major

陸曹長
OR-7
Master
Sergeant

1等陸曹
OR-6
Sergeant
First
Class

2等陸曹
OR-5
Sergeant
3等陸曹
OR-3
Leading
Private

陸士長
OR-2
Private
First
Class

1等陸士
OR-1
Private
2等陸士
OR-D
Self Defence
Official Cadet
自衛官候補生
Type A
(甲階級章)
JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (a).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (a).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (a).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (a).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (a).svg JGSDF Private insignia (a).svg JGSDF self defence official cadet insignia (a).svg
Type B
(乙階級章)
JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (b).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (b).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (b).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (b).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (b).svg JGSDF Private insignia (b).svg JGSDF self defence official cadet insignia (b).svg
Miniature
(略章)
JGSDF Warrant Officer insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant Major insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Master Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant First Class insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Sergeant insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Leading Private insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Private First Class insignia (miniature).svg JGSDF Private insignia (miniature).svg No insignia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IISS Military Balance 2008, Routledge, London, 2008, p.384
  2. ^ a b IISS 2010, pp. 408–411
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Self Defense Force, accessed February 2015.
  4. ^ Frank Kowalski, An Inoffensive Rearmament: The Making of the Postwar Japanese Army, Naval Institute Press, 2014, p.72
  5. ^ "Japan Self-Defense Force | Defending Japan". Defendingjapan.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  6. ^ Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Fragile Blossom (Harper, 1972) p.95, in James H. Buck, ‘The Japanese Military in the 1980s, in James H. Buck (ed.), The Modern Japanese Military System, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills/London, 1975, p.220
  7. ^ [1] Archived March 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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