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What I'm Worth- Jargon ft Jordan Lorenzo
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Problems- Jargon ft Lydia Paek
Problems- Jargon ft Lydia Paek
Published: 2017/09/16
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Talk 2 Me x Jargon (Ride With Me)
Talk 2 Me x Jargon (Ride With Me)
Published: 2011/07/13
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Technical Jargon Overload
Technical Jargon Overload
Published: 2010/01/20
Channel: chemdotinfo
Jargon, yel-yel, dan appreciate Garda 3 Bhayangkara
Jargon, yel-yel, dan appreciate Garda 3 Bhayangkara
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: Fauzan Firdaus
Ini Lo Gaya Jargon Baru Syahrini, Gubrak Gubrak..! Jeng Jeng Jeng..!
Ini Lo Gaya Jargon Baru Syahrini, Gubrak Gubrak..! Jeng Jeng Jeng..!
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Rokok Klobot
CHICAGO - JARGON [Official Music Video]
CHICAGO - JARGON [Official Music Video]
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Jargon. - Sluipschutters
Jargon. - Sluipschutters
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Sluipschutters BNNVARA
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 1 - Wiraditya
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 1 - Wiraditya
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Multimedia MPKMB IPB
What is JARGON? What does JARGON mean? JARGON meaning, definition & explanation
What is JARGON? What does JARGON mean? JARGON meaning, definition & explanation
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: The Audiopedia
Jargon - Ride with Me [Talk to Me] Lyrics
Jargon - Ride with Me [Talk to Me] Lyrics
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: Brettayy
Tutorial Jargon Campjur DKV UK Petra 2012
Tutorial Jargon Campjur DKV UK Petra 2012
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: emka satya
Modern Day Fairy Tale x Jargon
Modern Day Fairy Tale x Jargon
Published: 2012/02/05
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
YEL YEL & JARGON MPA DAN MPO SEJARAH 2016
YEL YEL & JARGON MPA DAN MPO SEJARAH 2016
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: BEMP Pendidikan Sejarah UNJ
Slang vs Jargon - Informal vs technical English - Differences
Slang vs Jargon - Informal vs technical English - Differences
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: El Mejor Inglés
Corporate Jargon - Lying by Obscurity
Corporate Jargon - Lying by Obscurity
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Coffee Break
Show Goes On- Lupe/ Life Goes On- Jargon: Japan Tribute
Show Goes On- Lupe/ Life Goes On- Jargon: Japan Tribute
Published: 2011/03/29
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 2 - Marakata
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 2 - Marakata
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Multimedia MPKMB IPB
Office Jargon - Comedy Sketch
Office Jargon - Comedy Sketch
Published: 2015/01/18
Channel: Bad Handshake
Yel Yel dan Jargon Kelompok Merah
Yel Yel dan Jargon Kelompok Merah
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: UKKPK UNP
JARGON NEDİR?
JARGON NEDİR?
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: Nedir?
De Jargon Quiz - Sluipschutters
De Jargon Quiz - Sluipschutters
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Sluipschutters BNNVARA
"MURDER IT" Official Video- Jargon
"MURDER IT" Official Video- Jargon
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Salam, Yel-yel dan Jargon FEB UB
Salam, Yel-yel dan Jargon FEB UB
Published: 2014/09/01
Channel: PKK MABA INSPIRATION FEB UB 2014
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 3 - Arista
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 3 - Arista
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Multimedia MPKMB IPB
De Jargon Quiz in de garage. - Sluipschutters
De Jargon Quiz in de garage. - Sluipschutters
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: Sluipschutters BNNVARA
Jargon (West London) - On Lock Freestyle [@Jargon_2K] Grime Report Tv
Jargon (West London) - On Lock Freestyle [@Jargon_2K] Grime Report Tv
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: GRIMEREPORTTV
7 Years Remix- Jargon
7 Years Remix- Jargon
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Corporate Language: Jargon & Buzzwords
Corporate Language: Jargon & Buzzwords
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Georg Rockall-Schmidt
Jargon en afkortingen bij de Landmacht
Jargon en afkortingen bij de Landmacht
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Koninklijke Landmacht
JARGON PKKMB UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA 2017
JARGON PKKMB UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA 2017
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Ospekuny official
Written In The Stars- Jargon ft. Mike Musni (w/ Special Guest Cameo)
Written In The Stars- Jargon ft. Mike Musni (w/ Special Guest Cameo)
Published: 2011/04/09
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
OTOMOTIF FT UNY - JARGON BERAKSI 2016
OTOMOTIF FT UNY - JARGON BERAKSI 2016
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: Wildfaith Art
"Shut It Down"- Jargon ft. J.Reyez, Southstar
"Shut It Down"- Jargon ft. J.Reyez, Southstar
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Jargon & Yüksek Sadakat - Kafile,Ben Seni Arayamam
Jargon & Yüksek Sadakat - Kafile,Ben Seni Arayamam
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Jargon
Jargon dan Yel-yel pesmaba FPP 2016.
Jargon dan Yel-yel pesmaba FPP 2016.
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: Bem FPP UMM
Raziel Nisroc  -  Jargon
Raziel Nisroc - Jargon
Published: 2010/01/20
Channel: Sinamonia
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 4 - Pradhita
Jargon, Yel-yel, dan Appreciate Ksatria 4 - Pradhita
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Multimedia MPKMB IPB
Syahrini Kenalkan Jargon Barunya @ Insert 19 Oktober 2017
Syahrini Kenalkan Jargon Barunya @ Insert 19 Oktober 2017
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: Zona Gosip
It Girl - Jargon, L-Dubs, Loe ft. Tommy C and Erin Paula
It Girl - Jargon, L-Dubs, Loe ft. Tommy C and Erin Paula
Published: 2011/09/27
Channel: Tommy C
Langage de pompier... [Le jargon du pompier #3]
Langage de pompier... [Le jargon du pompier #3]
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: HDP TV
Jargon - "BANDZ" ft. Josh.K x Rima
Jargon - "BANDZ" ft. Josh.K x Rima
Published: 2014/02/25
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
My Last -Jargon & Mike Musni ft Ace of K.I.D.
My Last -Jargon & Mike Musni ft Ace of K.I.D.
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Anytime your in a car with Jargon...
Anytime your in a car with Jargon...
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Essential Voiceover Jargon to know
Essential Voiceover Jargon to know
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: Booth Junkie
Horrible Jargon We Got Used To
Horrible Jargon We Got Used To
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Arika Okrent
Bad One- Jargon feat J.Reyez, Tommy C, & Jimmyboi
Bad One- Jargon feat J.Reyez, Tommy C, & Jimmyboi
Published: 2012/05/28
Channel: Jargon Dyonisis
Goin
Goin' Up - Jargon ft. Lil Crazed x Audrey Lyn (Audio Only)
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: Lil Crazed
Jargon Meaning
Jargon Meaning
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: SDictionary
Internet Slang & Jargon - English Vocabulary Lesson
Internet Slang & Jargon - English Vocabulary Lesson
Published: 2014/04/15
Channel: Learn English with Let's Talk - Free English Lessons
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context. The context is usually a particular occupation (that is, a certain trade, profession, or academic field), but any ingroup can have jargon. The main trait that distinguishes jargon from the rest of a language is special vocabulary—including some words specific to it, and often narrower senses of words that outgroups would tend to take in a broader sense. Jargon is thus "the technical terminology or characteristic idiom of a special activity or group".[1] Most jargon is technical terminology,[2] involving terms of art[2] or industry terms, with particular meaning within a specific industry. A main driving force in the creation of technical jargon is precision and efficiency of communication when a discussion must easily range from general themes to specific, finely differentiated details without circumlocution. A side-effect of this is a higher threshold for comprehensibility, which is usually accepted as a trade-off but is sometimes even used as a means of social exclusion (reinforcing ingroup-outgroup barriers) or social aspiration (when intended as a way of showing off).

The philosopher Étienne Bonnot de Condillac observed in 1782 that "every science requires a special language because every science has its own ideas". As a rationalist member of the Enlightenment, he continued: "It seems that one ought to begin by composing this language, but people begin by speaking and writing, and the language remains to be composed."[3]

Various kinds of language peculiar to ingroups can be named across a semantic field. Slang can be either culture-wide or known only within a certain group or subculture. Argot is slang or jargon purposely used to obscure meaning to outsiders. Conversely, a lingua franca is used for the opposite effect, helping communicators to overcome unintelligibility, as are pidgins and creole languages. For example, the Chinook Jargon was a pidgin. Although technical jargon's primary purpose is to aid technical communication, not to exclude outsiders by serving as an argot, it can have both effects at once and can provide a technical ingroup with shibboleths. For example, medieval guilds could use this as one means of informal protectionism. On the other hand, jargon that once was obscure outside a small ingroup can become generally known over time. For example, the terms bit, byte, and hexadecimal (which are terms from computing jargon[4]) are now recognized by many people outside computer science.

Etymology[edit]

The French word is believed to have been derived from the Latin word gaggire, meaning "to chatter", which was used to describe speech that the listener did not understand. Middle English also has the verb jargounen meaning "to chatter", which comes from the French word.[5] The word may also come from Old French jargon meaning "chatter of birds".[6]

Industry term[edit]

"An industry term... is a type of technical terminology that has a particular meaning in a specific industry. It implies that a word or phrase is a typical one in a particular industry and people working in the respective industry or business will be familiar with and use the term."[7]

Precise technical terms and their definitions are formally recognised, documented, and taught by educators in the field. Other terms are more colloquial, coined and used by practitioners in the field, and are similar to slang. The boundaries between formal and slang jargon, as in general English, are quite fluid. This is especially true in the rapidly developing world of computers and networking. For instance, the term firewall (in the sense of a device used to filter network traffic) was at first technical slang. As these devices became more widespread and the term became widely understood, the word was adopted as formal terminology.

Technical terminology evolves due to the need for experts in a field to communicate with precision and brevity, but often has the effect of excluding those who are unfamiliar with the particular specialized language of the group. This can cause difficulties as, for example, when a patient is unable to follow the discussions of medical practitioners, and thus cannot understand his own condition and treatment. Differences in jargon also cause difficulties where professionals in related fields use different terms for the same phenomena.

Accessibility issues[edit]

With the rise of the self-advocacy movement within the disability movement, jargonised language has been much objected to by advocates and self-advocates. Jargon is largely present in every day language, in newspapers, government documents, and official forms. Several advocacy organisations work on influencing public agents to offer accessible information in different formats.[8] One accessible format that offers an alternative to jargonised language is Easy Read, which consists of a combination of plain English and images. Another alternative is a jargon buster, incorporated to certain technical documents.[9] There is a balance to be struck, as excessive removal of technical terminology from a document leads to an equally undesirable outcome—dumbing down.[citation needed]

Examples[edit]

Many examples of jargon exist because of its use among specialists and subcultures alike. In the professional world, those who are in the business of filmmaking may use words like "vorkapich" to refer to a montage when talking to colleagues.[10] In Rhetoric, rhetoricians use words like "arete" to refer to a person of power's character when speaking with one another.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jargon". Merriam Webster. Merriam-Webster. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Term of art - Define Term of art at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.com. 
  3. ^ Quoted by Fernand Braudel, in discussing the origins of capital, capitalism, in The Wheels of Commerce, vol. II of Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Century, 1979:234. Originally found in Condillac's work Le Commerce et le gouvernement considérés relativement l'un à l'autre (1776).
  4. ^ Lundin, Leigh (2009-12-31). "Buzzwords– bang * splat !". Don Martin School of Software. Criminal Brief. 
  5. ^ "jargon". entymonline.com. 
  6. ^ "jargon". Online Etymology Dictionary.
  7. ^ Peterlicean, Andrea (2015). "Challenges and perspectives in teaching specialised languages". The Journal of Linguistic and Intercultural Education. 8: 149–162. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Lundin, Leigh (2013-04-05). "Jargon buster – Accessible Information * splat !". Northampton Borough Council. Northampton Borough Council. 
  9. ^ Lundin, Leigh (2013-04-05). "Jargon buster – Involve * splat !". Involve. 
  10. ^ "Cinematic Terms – A FilmMaking Glossary". filmsite.org. 
  11. ^ "Dictionary.com - Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.com. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Green, Jonathon. Dictionary of Jargon. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987. ISBN 0-7100-9919-3.
  • Nash, Walter. Jargon: Its Uses and Abuses. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993. ISBN 0-631-18063-X.
  • Sonneveld, H., Loenning, K.: (1994): "Introducing terminology", in Terminology, p. 1–6
  • Wright, S. E.; Budin, G.: (1997): Handbook of Terminology Management, Volume 1: Basic Aspects of Terminology Management. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 370 pp.

External links[edit]

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