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Huracán Maria, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Huracán Maria, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: Caritarroja Martinez
Jayuya,Puerto Rico
Jayuya,Puerto Rico
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Charrua NYC
Jayuya el pueblo mas lindo de Puerto Rico
Jayuya el pueblo mas lindo de Puerto Rico
Published: 2014/01/17
Channel: Angel Sanchez
Inauguración Globo Aerostático En Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Inauguración Globo Aerostático En Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: MIGUEL RAMOS
Jayuya, Puerto Rico - You got to see this!
Jayuya, Puerto Rico - You got to see this!
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Fernando Cabrera
Globo Aerostatico: Jayuya
Globo Aerostatico: Jayuya
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Alberto Chevere Photography
Heavy tropical rain in Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Heavy tropical rain in Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: JRTombstone
The Jayuya Pass Incident
The Jayuya Pass Incident
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: John MichaeL John
Bazooka - Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Bazooka - Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2012/12/16
Channel: PRxTiite72
Puerto Rico a Sojourn- Jayuya experience
Puerto Rico a Sojourn- Jayuya experience
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Sojourn Puerto Rico
Atraciones de Jayuya Puerto Rico Parte 1 / Jayuya Puerto Rico attractions Part 1
Atraciones de Jayuya Puerto Rico Parte 1 / Jayuya Puerto Rico attractions Part 1
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Mildred V. Solivan
Calle Vicens en el Pueblo de Jayuya, Puerto Rico...
Calle Vicens en el Pueblo de Jayuya, Puerto Rico...
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: macchela
''Extraterrestre'' grabado en Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: raulsantiago58
Truck in Jayuya
Truck in Jayuya
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: jomiran1000
Driving home - Jayuya Puerto Rico
Driving home - Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2013/09/13
Channel: Jose Colon
Jayuya  Puerto Rico...
Jayuya Puerto Rico...
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: JoeL Flores_PR
Huracán Maria, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Huracán Maria, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: Caritarroja Martinez
La Pierdra Escrita Jayuya, Puerto Rico [[HD]] 2012
La Pierdra Escrita Jayuya, Puerto Rico [[HD]] 2012
Published: 2012/04/03
Channel: Deaquipa PuertoRico
hurricane Maria jayuya pr
hurricane Maria jayuya pr
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Jayuya Puerto Rico
Rio de Jayuya Puerto Rico el Cantil
Rio de Jayuya Puerto Rico el Cantil
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Jorge Garcia
PHSU’s Hurricane María Relief Efforts in Jayuya, Puerto Rico
PHSU’s Hurricane María Relief Efforts in Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Ponce Health Sciences University
Cerro Punta Jayuya, Puerto Rico Highest Pick on the Island
Cerro Punta Jayuya, Puerto Rico Highest Pick on the Island
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Edgar Ortiz
Huracán Maria, Jayuya Puerto Rico, entrevista alcalde Gorge González
Huracán Maria, Jayuya Puerto Rico, entrevista alcalde Gorge González
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Caritarroja Martinez
Jayuya Después De Maria
Jayuya Después De Maria
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: Macho MT1
Rio Veguita Sama en Jayuya Puerto Rico
Rio Veguita Sama en Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2015/04/15
Channel: Moises Pagan
Visitando a Orocovis y Jayuya Puerto Rico
Visitando a Orocovis y Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: MIGUEL RAMOS
Museo El Cemi de los Indios Tainos en Jayuya,Puerto Rico
Museo El Cemi de los Indios Tainos en Jayuya,Puerto Rico
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Charrua NYC
LA CUESTA DE MAMEYES JAYUYA P R 2014 Jesus Alberto Rangel
LA CUESTA DE MAMEYES JAYUYA P R 2014 Jesus Alberto Rangel
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Jesus Alberto Rangel
Villalba, Orocovis, Jayuya  Puerto Rico
Villalba, Orocovis, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: MIGUEL RAMOS
Helping Jayuya
Helping Jayuya's people that lost everything after MaríaHurricane (PuertoRico)
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: JulianD
Paseo Tablado Piedra Escrita, Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Paseo Tablado Piedra Escrita, Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: Nos Vamos de Paseo
Jayuya Puerto Rico
Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: megatron096
Aventura en Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Aventura en Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Olivia_Lenherys
Susto en Globo Jayuya
Susto en Globo Jayuya
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Luis Rivera
Museo Casa Canales, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Museo Casa Canales, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: MIGUEL RAMOS
Paseo por Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Paseo por Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Edwin Rivera
Globo Aerostático, Jayuya, Puerto Rico, #1 Aereotatic Ballon, Jayuya, Puerto Rico, DJI
Globo Aerostático, Jayuya, Puerto Rico, #1 Aereotatic Ballon, Jayuya, Puerto Rico, DJI
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Enzo Tv1
Huracán Maria PR, Corozal Jayuya  Morovis Ciales Vega Alta Toa Vaja y Toa Alta
Huracán Maria PR, Corozal Jayuya Morovis Ciales Vega Alta Toa Vaja y Toa Alta
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: Caritarroja Martinez
Pueblo de Jayuya
Pueblo de Jayuya
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: Olivia_Lenherys
Jungle in Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Jungle in Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Billy Haas
AVENTURA-C- CONOZCAMOS A JAYUYA -AGOSTO-27-2017 (PROGRAMA DE PUERTO RICO)
AVENTURA-C- CONOZCAMOS A JAYUYA -AGOSTO-27-2017 (PROGRAMA DE PUERTO RICO)
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: ANGULO PARRILLA
La Piedra Escrita,  Jayuya Puerto Rico
La Piedra Escrita, Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: MIGUEL RAMOS
Cascada Las Delicias Jayuya, Puerto Rico I
Cascada Las Delicias Jayuya, Puerto Rico I
Published: 2009/10/25
Channel: Rutas Verdes Puerto Rico
Gallo BLanco Rafy Torrado Jayuya Puerto Rico
Gallo BLanco Rafy Torrado Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: GallosMiguel Rivera
Globo Aerostatico de Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Globo Aerostatico de Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Gilberto Vigo
46to Festival Nacional Indígena de Jayuya, Puerto Rico 2015
46to Festival Nacional Indígena de Jayuya, Puerto Rico 2015
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: George Ohan
Globo de Jayuya, Globo Aerostatico de Jayuya, Aerostatic Ballon Jayuya Puerto Rico
Globo de Jayuya, Globo Aerostatico de Jayuya, Aerostatic Ballon Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: David CR
Museo Cemí en Jayuya Puerto Rico
Museo Cemí en Jayuya Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: MIGUEL RAMOS
Esto es Aqui El Globo Jayuya
Esto es Aqui El Globo Jayuya
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Mech TechCollege
AjiTerapia | Felicidades Madres | Jayuya | Puerto Rico
AjiTerapia | Felicidades Madres | Jayuya | Puerto Rico
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: AjiTerapia LLC
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Municipality
Flag of Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Flag
Coat of arms of Jayuya, Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Ante nos se yergue"
Location of Jayuya in Puerto Rico
Location of Jayuya in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°13′07″N 66°35′30″W / 18.21861°N 66.59167°W / 18.21861; -66.59167Coordinates: 18°13′07″N 66°35′30″W / 18.21861°N 66.59167°W / 18.21861; -66.59167
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded 1911
Government
 • Mayor Jorge "Georgie" González Otero (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist. 5 - Ponce
Area
 • Total 39.4 sq mi (102.1 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,642
 • Density 420/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Zip code 00664

Jayuya (Spanish pronunciation: [xaˈʝuʝa]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the mountainous center region of the island, north of Ponce; east of Utuado; and west of Ciales. Jayuya is spread over 10 wards and Jayuya Pueblo[1][2] (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is the principal city of the Jayuya Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Named after the Taino tribal leader, Hayuya, Jayuya is known for its skilled wood carvers. Among its monuments are the statue of Nemesio Canales and the bust of Hayuya, both by the Puerto Rican sculptor Tomás Batista.

History[edit]

The town of Jayuya was founded in 1911, but history traces non- indigenous settlers living in the region as far back as 1878. At that time, a small community was established there, separated from the larger cities of the coasts with little to no communication. Near the end of the 19th century, the town focused on the production of coffee, which greatly boosted the local economy.

In 1911, the town was officially declared a municipality with a population of more than 9,000.

In 1950, the town was the setting of the Jayuya Uprising, in which Nationalists started a revolt against the Government of the United States led by Blanca Canales, a social worker, and her cousins, Elio and Doris Torresola. Canales led the group into the town square and gave a speech, declaring Puerto Rico an independent republic. The police station was later attacked, telephone lines cut, and the post office burned to the ground. One police officer was killed and three others wounded in these attacks. The group held the town for three days, until it was bombed by U.S. planes supporting a ground attack by the Puerto Rican National Guard. Even though an extensive part of the town was destroyed, news of the bombing was not reported outside of Puerto Rico. It was called an incident between Puerto Ricans by the media on the mainland.

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag is rectangular in shape and derives its symbolism from the Coat of Arms. It symbolizes the spirit of people proud of their Taíno heritage and their hospitality.

Coat of arms[edit]

Jayuya's Coat of Arms consists of a shield with a three tower crown above, which is standard for municipalities. Inside the shield, centered at the top, a crown representing Chief Hayuya's monarchy. In the center a green band with a white border representing the Tres Picachos (Three Peaks) mountains. The green color symbolizes the countryside and the town's matron, La Virgen de la Monserrate. At the bottom of the shield, is a petroglyph known as the Taíno Sun found in Jayuya.

Geography[edit]

Puerto Rico's south shore, from the mountains of Jayuya, taken from Highway 143

Jayuya is located in the center of the island of Puerto Rico, in the middle of the Cordillera Central. Due to this location, its terrain is mostly rough and steep. Some of the highest mountains of the island are located in this region, including Monte Jayuya, Cerro Rosa, Tres Picachos and the highest mountain of the island, Cerro Punta 4,389 ft (1,338 m).

The town's total area is estimated at 39.4 square miles (102.05 km²)[citation needed]. Part of the Toro Negro State Forest is located within the municipality of Jayuya. Rivers like Río Naranjito and Río Yunes, as well as the Río Grande de Jayuya and its various affluents, flow through this municipality.

Climate[edit]

As in most municipalities located in the mountain region, the climate is mostly cool with temperatures in the 80 to 70 °F (27 to 21 °C) range. However, they are known to go as low as 50 or 60 °F (10 or 16 °C) during some winters.

Wards[edit]

  • Coabey
  • Collores
  • Hoyo Planes
  • Hoyo Fríos
  • Jardines
  • Jauca
  • Jayuya Abajo
  • Jayuya Pueblo
  • Mameyes Arriba
  • La Pica
  • Las Arenas
  • Monserrate
  • Río Grande
  • Santa Rosa
  • Saliente
  • Vegalinda
  • Veguitas
  • Zama

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

There are several celebrations and festivals held at Jayuya throughout the year. Two of the most known are the Tomato Festival, held in February, and the Festival Indígena (Indian Festival) held in November.

Tourism[edit]

Casa Museo Canales

Due to its location, Jayuya is usually mentioned as the obligatory municipality to visit when visiting the center of the island of Puerto Rico. There are several landmarks for tourists to consider like the Nemesio Canales Museum and the Cemí Museum, both located in the same valley. Also, the Taíno Tomb in the city's downtown has the remains of a Taíno Indian found in an excavation. Nearby, there's a monument to Chief Hayuya, cacique of the region.

In the outskirts of the city, tourists can visit the Cerro de Punta, highest peak in the island of Puerto Rico, as well as the other mountains mentioned (Tres Picachos, for example). The Toro Negro State Forest can also be reached through the city.

Jayuya is home to the first aerostat in Puerto Rico and one of the world's largest. It is located in barrio Mameyes, at 3,200 feet above sea level. When the aerostat lifts, it reaches 3,500 feet where it has a panoramic view of 360 degrees.[3]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Jayuya's economy has always depended greatly on agriculture. Products like coffee, tomato, and other vegetables are produced and distributed in the region. Livestock is another part of the city's economy.

Industry[edit]

In the middle of the 20th century, several manufacturing industries established in Jayuya, aiming to revitalize the economy as well as provide work for the residents. Some of the companies currently in the city are Baxter Healthcare and Abbott Laboratories.

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Jayuya is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Jorge González Otero, from the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). González was elected at the 1996 general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district V, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Ramón Ruiz and Martín Vargas Morales, from the Popular Democratic Party, were elected as District Senators.[4]

Education[edit]

As all other municipalities in the island, Jayuya is part of the Puerto Rico Department of Education. It has several elementary schools distributed throughout the city's wards. However, there's currently only one public high school, Josefina León Zayas High School, located in the city's downtown.

The Metropolitan University, a private institution, has a campus in the municipality's downtown area.

Former mayors[edit]

  • 1883 Julio Grau Battle - District Commissioner
  • 1911-16 Rosario Canales
  • 1916-20 Juan de Jesús López
  • 1920-24 Ramón B. Marrero
  • 1928 José Rivera Aponte (3 months)
  • 1928-36 Jesús Dávila Rodríguez
  • 1936-40 Vicente Santiago Reyes - Coalition Republican-Socialist
  • 1940-44 Juan Oliver Frau PPD
  • 1944 Mario Canales Torresola PPD (intern)
  • 1944-48 Manuel Diversé PPD
  • 1948-52 Ramón de Jesús Soto PPD
  • 1952-68 Adrián Torres Torres PPD
  • 1968-72 Rafael A. Ríos Delgado PNP
  • 1972-76 José D. "Lolo" Castro González PPD
  • 1976-84 Antonio Reyes Santiago PNP
  • 1984-92 Venancio A. Tejedor León PPD
  • 1992-96 José A. Rivera Rodríguez PNP
  • 1996 - Jorge L. González Otero (PPD)

Additional information[edit]

  • Cerro de Punta
  • July 11, 1883 - The first parish was established
  • March 9, 1911 - Municipality was established
  • Mayte Vega Torres - National Winner Walker, Athlete

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Historia, imagen, y sentir de un pueblo: Jayuya - Aura Pierluissi de Rodríguez
  • En busca de mis ángeles - Iris de Jesus
  • Worker in the Cane - Sidney Mintz
  • Tiempos revueltos - Vionette G. Negretti

External links[edit]


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