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Jeff Flake says Republican party is ‘toast’ into hot mic
Jeff Flake says Republican party is ‘toast’ into hot mic
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
Sen. Jeff Flake announces retirement with fiery speech
Sen. Jeff Flake announces retirement with fiery speech
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: CNN
Senator Jeff Flake and Mesa
Senator Jeff Flake and Mesa's Mayor are caught speaking on a hot mic
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
WATCH: Sen. Jeff Flake announces he won
WATCH: Sen. Jeff Flake announces he won't seek re-election
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Sen Jeff Flake Slams Pres Trump On Hot Mic - Fox & Friends
Sen Jeff Flake Slams Pres Trump On Hot Mic - Fox & Friends
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Mass Tea Party - Wake Up America!
Jeff Flake Caught on Live Mic Saying GOP Is ‘Toast’ Under Leadership of Moore, Trump
Jeff Flake Caught on Live Mic Saying GOP Is ‘Toast’ Under Leadership of Moore, Trump
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Martin Brodel
Sen. Jeff Flake On Why He Won
Sen. Jeff Flake On Why He Won't Seek Re-Election, Texas Shooting & Gun Control | The View
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: The View
Senator Jeff Flake Criticized Trump on Live Mic
Senator Jeff Flake Criticized Trump on Live Mic
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Headlines With A Voice
Bob Corker Throws Down, Jeff Flake Steps Down
Bob Corker Throws Down, Jeff Flake Steps Down
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
ABC15 caught audio from Senator Flake
ABC15 caught audio from Senator Flake's open mic regarding President Trump
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
Republicans React To Jeff Flake
Republicans React To Jeff Flake's Challenge To GOP | The Last Word | MSNBC
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: MSNBC
Jeff Flake wants Progressive to win, says GOP
Jeff Flake wants Progressive to win, says GOP's "toast" if it's party of Moore and Trump
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Maureen Dowling
Republican Senator Jeff Flake: Party In Denial About President Donald Trump | Morning Joe | MSNBC
Republican Senator Jeff Flake: Party In Denial About President Donald Trump | Morning Joe | MSNBC
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: MSNBC
BREAKING: Arizona Senator Jeff Flake announces that he will not run for re-election in 2018.
BREAKING: Arizona Senator Jeff Flake announces that he will not run for re-election in 2018.
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
CNN Breaking News: Jeff Flake: McCain and McConnell React To Sen Flake
CNN Breaking News: Jeff Flake: McCain and McConnell React To Sen Flake's Letter
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: President Twitter
BREAKING: Arizona Senator Jeff Flake announces that he will not run for re-election in 2018
BREAKING: Arizona Senator Jeff Flake announces that he will not run for re-election in 2018
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: ABC15 Arizona
Senator Jeff Flake On White House Behavior: We Can’t Continue To Remain Silent | Morning Joe | MSNBC
Senator Jeff Flake On White House Behavior: We Can’t Continue To Remain Silent | Morning Joe | MSNBC
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: MSNBC
Jeff Flake To Exit Senate, Blasts Pres. Trump | The View
Jeff Flake To Exit Senate, Blasts Pres. Trump | The View
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: The View
Sen. Jeff Flake answers questions after announcing he won
Sen. Jeff Flake answers questions after announcing he won't run for re-election
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Sen. Jeff Flake
Sen. Jeff Flake's interview after Announces He won't seek Reelection. #Breaking @JeffFlake
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
John McCain Senate Floor Speech On Jeff Flake Not Running For Re-Election 10/24/17
John McCain Senate Floor Speech On Jeff Flake Not Running For Re-Election 10/24/17
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: LIVE ON-AIR NEWS
Jeff Flake Leaving Senate, Issues Warning Against Trump
Jeff Flake Leaving Senate, Issues Warning Against Trump
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: The Young Turks
Sen. Jeff Flake Will Vote For The Graham-Cassidy Healthcare Bill
Sen. Jeff Flake Will Vote For The Graham-Cassidy Healthcare Bill
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
Jeff Flake
Jeff Flake's Senate Floor Speech On His Retirement, GOP's Future, President Trump (Full) | NBC News
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: NBC News
GOP Sen. Jeff Flake on Trump:
GOP Sen. Jeff Flake on Trump: 'I will not be complicit or silent.'
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Daily Kos
Sen. Jeff Flake says Republicans may be
Sen. Jeff Flake says Republicans may be 'toast', citing 'the party of Roy Moore and Donald Trump'
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: KGUN9
Sen Jeff Flake on Dems Sweep Key Races in New Jersey And Virginia. #Election2017 #SenJeffFlake
Sen Jeff Flake on Dems Sweep Key Races in New Jersey And Virginia. #Election2017 #SenJeffFlake
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
LIMBAUGH: Jeff Flake Thought He Was Gonna Become A BIG NATIONAL STAR
LIMBAUGH: Jeff Flake Thought He Was Gonna Become A BIG NATIONAL STAR
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: DailyRushbo
GOP Senator Jeff Flake Is Running Scared From The Trump Train
GOP Senator Jeff Flake Is Running Scared From The Trump Train
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
Sen Jeff Flake OW_NED in CNN Interview, "What Will It Take For You To Finally DO SOMETHING?"
Sen Jeff Flake OW_NED in CNN Interview, "What Will It Take For You To Finally DO SOMETHING?"
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Act Now 2017
TYT - 10.24.17: Corker-Trump, Jeff Flake, Puerto Rico, and Climate Change Costs US Billions
TYT - 10.24.17: Corker-Trump, Jeff Flake, Puerto Rico, and Climate Change Costs US Billions
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: TYT Shows
Sarah Huckabee Sanders White House Press Briefing 10/24/17 - Jeff Flake
Sarah Huckabee Sanders White House Press Briefing 10/24/17 - Jeff Flake
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: LIVE ON-AIR NEWS
Sen. Jeff Flake says the Republican Party "has lost its way"
Sen. Jeff Flake says the Republican Party "has lost its way"
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Face The Nation
Sen. Jeff Flake: "More Republicans will be speaking out"
Sen. Jeff Flake: "More Republicans will be speaking out"
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Late Night
Republicans React to Flake
Republicans React to Flake's Senate Floor Speech
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Associated Press
"Flake KNEW He Was Going Down!" Ben Shapiro EXPOSES Jeff Flake
"Flake KNEW He Was Going Down!" Ben Shapiro EXPOSES Jeff Flake's "Hero" Routine
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: The Liberty Hound
GOP Senator Jeff Flake Calls TRUMP Reckless, Outrageous & Undignified
GOP Senator Jeff Flake Calls TRUMP Reckless, Outrageous & Undignified
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: IdolxNews
EPIC! Sean Hannity BLASTS Nasty #NeverTrumper AZ Sen. Jeff Flake
EPIC! Sean Hannity BLASTS Nasty #NeverTrumper AZ Sen. Jeff Flake
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: james hoft
Sen. Jeff Flake on GOP issues and "crisis of principle"
Sen. Jeff Flake on GOP issues and "crisis of principle"
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: CBS This Morning
Jeff Flake Senate Floor Speech on President Trump
Jeff Flake Senate Floor Speech on President Trump's Tweets and Actions
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: CasonVids
Sarah
Sarah 'Huckabee' Sanders Press Briefing on Trump's Feud with Bob Corker and Jeff flake re election
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: CasonVids
Sen. Jeff Flake town hall meeting in Arizona. April 13. 2017.
Sen. Jeff Flake town hall meeting in Arizona. April 13. 2017.
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: CHANNEL90seconds newscom
One-On-One with Sen. Jeff Flake in Meet The Press By Chuck Todd. #SenJeffFlake
One-On-One with Sen. Jeff Flake in Meet The Press By Chuck Todd. #SenJeffFlake
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
BREAKING NEWS: GOP Senator Jeff Flake won
BREAKING NEWS: GOP Senator Jeff Flake won't Run Again in 2018. @JeffFlake #Breaking #GOP
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
Retiring Senator Jeff Flake assails Trump - BBC News
Retiring Senator Jeff Flake assails Trump - BBC News
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: BBC News
Ben Shapiro: Jeff Flake announces he will not seek re-election and slams the door on the way out
Ben Shapiro: Jeff Flake announces he will not seek re-election and slams the door on the way out
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Conservative Storage
Jeff Flake Out, Will Not Seek Re-Election
Jeff Flake Out, Will Not Seek Re-Election
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Martin Brodel
Dr. Kelli Ward on challenging Sen. Jeff Flake
Dr. Kelli Ward on challenging Sen. Jeff Flake
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: Fox News
Sen. Jeff Flake Criticizes President Trump, Future Of The GOP: ‘We’ve Got To Change Course’ | TODAY
Sen. Jeff Flake Criticizes President Trump, Future Of The GOP: ‘We’ve Got To Change Course’ | TODAY
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: TODAY
Jeff Flake Unloads On President Trump in Senate Floor Speech On NOT Seeking Re-election 10/24/17
Jeff Flake Unloads On President Trump in Senate Floor Speech On NOT Seeking Re-election 10/24/17
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: LIVE ON-AIR NEWS
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Jeff Flake
Jeff Flake official Senate photo.jpg
United States Senator
from Arizona
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Serving with John McCain
Preceded by Jon Kyl
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 6th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by J. D. Hayworth
Succeeded by David Schweikert
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 1st district
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Preceded by Matt Salmon
Succeeded by Rick Renzi
Personal details
Born Jeffry Lane Flake[1]
(1962-12-31) December 31, 1962 (age 54)
Snowflake, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Cheryl Lanae Flake
Children 5
Education Brigham Young University (BA, MA)
Website Senate website

Jeffry Lane Flake[2] (born December 31, 1962) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Arizona since 2013 alongside former 2008 presidential nominee John McCain.

Born in Snowflake, Arizona, Flake is a graduate of Brigham Young University and was a Mormon missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to South Africa before working in public affairs, serving as Executive Director of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia and Executive Director of the Goldwater Institute. A member of the Republican Party, Flake was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 2000 for Arizona's 1st congressional district. He was redistricted to the Arizona's 6th congressional district during his first term and was reelected six times, serving from 2001 to 2013 and assigned to the Committee on Appropriations.

Flake decided to run for the U.S. Senate in 2012. He defeated three challengers in the Republican primary and, after a close race, beat Democrat Richard Carmona, the former Surgeon General of the United States, in the general election by 49.2% to 46.2%. Flake was sworn in in January 2013 and serves on the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on the Judiciary and the Special Committee on Aging.

Owing to his opposition to U.S. President Trump, Flake announced on October 24, 2017, that he would retire at the end of his current term instead of seeking reelection in 2018.[3][4]

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Flake was born in Snowflake, Arizona, the son of Nerita (née Hock) and Dean Maeser Flake.[5] His birth town was named in part for his great-great-grandfather, Mormon pioneer William J. Flake.[6] Flake obtained a B.A. in International Relations and an M.A. in Political Science from Brigham Young University.[7] He took a two-year leave of absence to serve as a volunteer Mormon missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in South Africa in the early 1980s and speaks Afrikaans. He worked in the public affairs sector after college and served as Executive Director of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia and Executive Director of the Goldwater Institute before entering the House of Representatives. He opposed economic sanctions on South Africa in the 1980s, arguing that sanctions would harm the black population who were already suffering under apartheid policies.[8]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

Flake at the Arizona Chamber of Commerce & Industry's Annual Legislative Luncheon in April 2014

Flake was first elected to what was then Arizona's 1st congressional district in 2000, after Republican incumbent Matt Salmon stepped down to honor a self-imposed term limit. The district, which included most of the East Valley, was then renumbered to the 6th district as Arizona gained two Congressional seats because of the results of the 2000 census. Flake easily defeated his primary challenger.[9]

In his campaign in 2000, Flake had pledged to serve no more than three terms in Congress which would see him serve no later than January 2007. Shortly after being elected for a third time, Flake announced in early 2005 that he had changed his mind on pledging term limits and was planning to run for reelection in 2006. "It was a mistake to limit my own terms," Flake said.[10]

In that same election, three out of five mayors in his home district opposed his reelection because, according to Flake, he did not "bring pork barrel spending" to the mayors' cities.[6] In 2006, several Democrats had announced their intention to run for the seat but only one met the June filing deadline, and that particular filing was rejected due to an insufficient number of nominating signatures. "I did expect to have a primary opponent. I deserve one," Flake said, referring to the term-limit pledge which he had broken. "By all rights, I ought to have an opponent. I just got lucky, I guess."[11]

In the 2006 mid-term elections, Flake had no Democratic Party opponent and easily defeated the Libertarian Party candidate, Jason Blair, with 74% of the vote.[12]

Tenure[edit]

Committee assignments[edit]

He served on the Liberty Committee (sometimes called the Liberty Caucus), a group of libertarian-leaning Republican congressmen.[13] He is also a member of the Republican Study Committee.

U.S. Senate[edit]

2012 election[edit]

In February 2011, Flake announced that he was running for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retiring Senate Minority Whip Jon Kyl in 2012.[14] Flake easily won the Republican nomination against real estate businessman Wil Cardon.[15] He faced former surgeon general Richard Carmona, who sought office for the first time in the general election. In May 2012, Flake led Carmona by 13 points in the polls. In an October 2012 poll by Public Policy Polling, Flake was trailing Carmona by two points.[16] After the race tightened, the Wall Street Journal criticized a controversial Flake ad that accused Carmona of having "issues with anger, with ethics, and with women."[17] Flake was endorsed by the Casa Grande Dispatch,[18] the United States Chamber of Commerce,[19] the Senate Conservatives Fund,[20] and the Club for Growth.[21] Flake defeated Democratic Richard Carmona 49–46% on November 6, 2012.[22] He won mainly on the strength of carrying Maricopa County, home to Phoenix and 60 percent of the state's population, by 77,200 votes, more than the overall margin of 67,900 votes. He also benefited from Mitt Romney carrying the state by 10 points in the presidential election.

Jeff Flake at a campaign event in Tempe, Arizona.

Tenure[edit]

Flake replaced retiring Republican U.S. Senator Jon Kyl on January 3, 2013.

2017 congressional shooting[edit]

Flake was on the field during practice for the annual Congressional Baseball Game when the Congressional baseball shooting happened on June 14, 2017. He said the attendees were like "sitting ducks" and that it was likely that the Capitol Police saved their lives.[23]

All of a sudden, we heard a very loud shot. Everybody thought 'sounds like a gun'. The gunman was over by the third base dugout, with a clear view of the field and everybody on it. A lot of us dove into the dugout and tried to get as many as we could, but at that point, there was firing behind us from the security detail, the Capitol Police, and I started yelling back, 'are you friendly?' – making sure that it was our guy, because we didn't know if there were other shooters that had us surrounded, and we're coming into the dugout. —Sen. Jeff Flake[23]

Former President Obama called Flake that morning to extend his best wishes and prayers for the victims. Flake had flown with Obama from Washington, D.C. to Arizona in 2011 after the shooting of then-Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords.[24]

Bipartisan survival trip[edit]

Flake used his experience surviving in the wild for six days with a Democratic Senator to develop an idea to end partisan gridlock in Washington. In 2014, Flake and U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM) were featured on a Discovery Channel reality TV show, Rival Survival, where the two stayed on a small Micronesian island for six days. Flake later joked during a speech at the National Press Club that sending both Senate leaders (Majority Leader Senator Harry Reid [D-NV] and Republican Mitch McConnell [R-KY]) to a remote island together might reduce partisanship and allow more legislation to move forward.[25]

Committee assignments[edit]

Appearance in film[edit]

Flake was featured in the documentary film series How Democracy Works Now: Twelve Stories by filmmakers Shari Robertson and Michael Camerini. Films he appears in through the series include:

Political positions[edit]

Budget and economy[edit]

Flake's 113th Congressional session photo

Flake is a fiscal conservative,[26] and a critic of government waste and advocates reducing federal spending.[27] He was described by columnist Robert Novak as an "insistent reformer".[28] Flake is a signer of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge[29] and one of eight House members to receive a 100% approval rating from the American Conservative Union.[30] A "scourge of pork-barrel spending",[31] Flake was ruled the least profligate spender in Congress by Citizens Against Government Waste in July 2007 and designated a "taxpayer superhero."[27] In 2008, Flake voted against the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).[32]

Flake is "known for his ardent opposition to earmarks."[33] He has been called an "anti-earmark crusader,"[34] and frequently challenges earmarks proposed by other members of Congress. Since May 2006, he has become prominent with the "Flake Hour," a tradition at the end of spending bill debates in which he asks earmark sponsors to come to the house floor and justify why taxpayers should pay for their "pet projects."[35] He is credited with prompting House rule changes to require earmark sponsors to identify themselves.[36]

Until September 2010, Flake issued a press release listing an "egregious earmark of the week" every Friday.[27] Usually the earmark will be followed by Flake making a humorous comment; as an example, Rep. Flake once said of Congressman Jose Serrano's $150,000 earmark to fix plumbing in Italian restaurants, "I would argue this is one cannoli the taxpayer doesn't want to take a bite of."[6] The "earmark of the week" releases were ended and replaced with the "So Just How Broke Are We?" series of releases. In March 2010, the House Appropriations Committee implemented rules to ban earmarks to for-profit corporations, a change Flake supported. "This is the best day we've had in a while," he said to the New York Times, which reported that approximately 1,000 such earmarks were authorized in the previous year, worth $1.7 billion.[37]

Disaster aid[edit]

In 2012, it was reported that Flake had on at least five occasions voted against legislation intended to prevent natural disasters and provide aid to those harmed by natural disasters.[38] In 2005, Flake was one of only eleven House representatives to vote against a bill providing supplemental emergency funds to handle damage from Hurricane Katrina.[38][39]

Environment[edit]

On December 2, 2014, the Senate passed the Bill Williams River Water Rights Settlement Act. The bill would put an end to a fight over water rights in the Bill Williams River Watershed in Arizona. Flake introduced the Senate version of the bill along with Senator John McCain. The bill also helps the Hualapai Native American tribe, which uses water from the watershed. If the bill is signed by President Obama, it would put a limit on the amount of water that a local mining company can use, and it would give legal recognition to the tribe's rights to the water source.[40] At a House hearing on the bill in September 2014, in which both the Hualapai Tribe and Freeport Minerals company testified, both the tribe and the company agreed that the bill would provide each, and other interests, with benefits. The settlement would guarantee water rights for the tribe; provide water for Freeport's mine in Bagdad, Arizona; and give the state of Arizona rights to a property area that would be used for a conservation program for several species.[41] The Arizona Chamber of Commerce supported the legislation, saying, "The settlement of water rights claims is a priority in our state in order to provide clarity and long-term certainty to all water users across Arizona."[42]

In 2014, the EPA announced that it would make some changes to federal regulation of water. Two different cases that went before the Supreme Court resulted in the court ordering the EPA to specify which waterways in the U.S. are considered protected by the Clean Water Act. Flake and McCain sent a letter to the head of the EPA, citing a number of reasons why the regulation would hurt Arizona. One of the senators' concerns was about waterways that only flow in certain parts of the year. Flake and McCain believe that if the EPA includes those types of waterways in the new regulations, the regulations would have a negative effect on Arizona's agriculture industry. One of the reasons the EPA is using in deciding which waterways will fall under the new regulation is by concluding whether pollution in waterways will negatively affect other waters downstream. Flake and McCain asserted in their letter that little proof existed to back up such a conclusion, but the EPA responded by saying that the proposed regulation was carefully examined and was made with bipartisan input. Additionally, Flake and McCain wrote that the new changes could make it harder for Arizona firefighters to fight wildfires.[43]

Flake advocated against the rule for two primary reasons. First, Flake wrote that the EPA proposed rule did not make a distinction between waterways that flow all year or just part of the year. Flake cited that 94 percent of Arizona's waterways do not flow continuously year-round, and because of that, the lack of distinction in the rule would affect most of Arizona's waterways. Second, Flake argued that the scientific evidence used by the EPA to back up the rule was "anything but settled."[44] Flake and McCain warned the EPA administrator about their concerns earlier in the year, via a letter sent on May 6, 2014.[45] An editorial published by the Arizona Republic said that the EPA rule would have the effect of requiring the CAP Canal to treat drinking water twice, which would increase costs to Arizona residents. The editorial claims that the canal, and all water sources that go to people's homes, already has to meet Safe Drinking Water Act regulations.[46]

Senator Flake speaking at a rally in August 2014.

Foreign policy[edit]

Flake voted in favor of the Iraq Resolution (authorizing the Iraq War) in the House of Representatives in October 2002.[47] In a debate on the House floor on the authorization of force (October 8, 2002), Flake said, "We ought to let history be our guide here. But the most recent history in this case that we ought to look at is the vote that took place in this Chamber 12 years ago. During that time, we faced a very similar decision. Should we thwart Saddam Hussein in his attempt to go beyond his boundaries or should we appease him? Fortunately, the majority of this body and the other body agreed we ought to thwart him; and I think we can all agree that, had we not done so, that the biological and chemical weapons that Saddam Hussein possesses would be added to nuclear weapons which he would certainly possess today had he not been thwarted at that time. We are in this position today, I would submit, because we have no other choice. This is our only reasonable option. War will no doubt come at great cost. When we visit the war memorials, we see that cost, but the cost of appeasement is far greater. I commend the House leadership for bringing this resolution forward and for shepherding it through process. I especially commend our President who so forcefully pushed for this resolution and who has so deliberately pushed for this resolution. I urge support for the resolution."[48]

After the 2006 election in which Republicans lost control of the House of Representatives largely due to the unpopularity of the war in Iraq, Flake changed his position on the Iraq War to one of cautious opposition,[49] including voting against appropriations. At a 2008 congressional hearing featuring General David Petraeus, Flake said, "I still have a hard time seeing the big picture and what constitutes success [in Iraq]. That's not just one side of the aisle with those kind of concerns. Many on this side of the aisle have that as well."[50]

Flake supported ending the Cuba Trade Embargo[51] and otherwise normalizing relations with Cuba.[52]

Flake supported President Barack Obama's 2014 decision to begin the process of normalizing relations between the United States and Cuba, despite opposition to the policy change from other Republican senators. Flake joined Democrats Chris Van Hollen and Patrick Leahy on a trip to Cuba to return Alan Gross to the United States. Gross, an American aid worker, had been imprisoned in Cuba for five years, but was released as part of the agreement between Obama and Cuban leader Raúl Castro. Flake believes that the United States embargo against Cuba is flawed, stating, "The policy that we've had in place for the past 50 years has done more in my view … to keep the Castro regimes in power than anything we could've done." Flake has traveled to Cuba nine times and supports loosening restrictions on Americans traveling to Cuba.[53]

Gun control issues[edit]

On April 17, 2013, Flake joined 45 other senators in voting against the Manchin-Toomey Amendment, which would have required background checks on private gun sales. Following the vote, Flake was criticized for changing his position on background checks. Just days before the vote, he had sent the mother of one of the Colorado theater shooting victims a handwritten letter stating that "strengthening background checks is something we agree on."[54] In response to a question asking whether he was worried about potential political consequences vowed by gun-control groups, Flake replied, "That's the beauty of a 6-year term. I truly want to do something on this, but what has been a little upsetting is to hear people try to maintain that we were just caving to pressure, discounting any issues that we had with the legislation, with the language. That's just not right."[55][56] Following his no vote, Flake's approval rating fell from 45% favorable–43% unfavorable, to 32% favorable–51% unfavorable according to one poll, making him the most unpopular senator in America as of April 2013.[57]

In March 2013, he joined with Senators Lindsey Graham, Mark Begich and Mark Pryor in introducing a bill that would close a loophole by flagging individuals who attempt to buy guns who have used an insanity defense, were ruled dangerous by a court, or had been committed by a court to mental health treatment.[58]

Immigration[edit]

In 2007, Flake introduced legislation that would have provided a path to legalization for illegal immigrants, granted temporary legal status to illegal immigrants who paid a fine and passed background checks, and created a guest worker program.[59] Also in 2007, Flake was removed from the House Judiciary Committee by Speaker of the House John Boehner for "bad behavior", which Boehner said was criticism of party leaders, though Flake himself attributed it to his support of comprehensive immigration reform.[60][61]

In 2009, Flake introduced the Stopping Trained in America PhDs From Leaving the Economy (STAPLE) Act (H.R. 1791).[62][63] The bill would have authorized students who earned a Ph.D. in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics from U.S. universities to be admitted for permanent residence and to be exempted from the numerical limits on H-1B nonimmigrants. The bill was reintroduced in 2011 and was referred to the Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement in February of that year.[64]

In 2010, Flake voted against the DREAM Act, which would have provided a path to citizenship for unauthorized immigrant minors provided that they join the military or go to university.[65] In late October 2012, Flake stated that he may support it in the future.[66]

In 2013, Flake was a member of the "Gang of Eight"—a bipartisan group of eight senators (four Democrats and four Republicans)—who sponsored an immigration overhaul bill. Flake said of the group: "Pretty quickly we determined that everybody around that table wanted to do this. We weren't looking to score political points."[67] The Senate passed the bill with 68 votes, but the bill failed in the House.[68]

When in November 2014, Obama announced on TV that he would use his executive powers to allow some undocumented immigrants to remain in the United States, Flake said that the best response would be not to shut down the government, but to pass a bill that addresses immigration problems.[69] As for Obama's executive plan, Flake said that he opposed it.[68] Flake opposed using a government funding bill to stop Obama's executive action, but Flake also said that he believed that both parties' strategies would make it more difficult to pass immigration reform legislation.[70]

Flake has publicly said that he believes that the reason so many children in recent years have come across the U.S. border illegally without parents is because parents believe their children will be able to stay in the United States if they do so.[71] Flake has said that the Republican Party needs to take a rational approach to solving immigration problems, and if it does not, the party will have a difficult time winning national elections. Flake said that Jeb Bush's support of an immigration system reform makes Bush more electable in a general election.[71] Flake supported Jeb Bush's remarks about immigration being an act of love, and said, "Growing up here in Arizona, I've seen what motivates those who come here illegally. Sure, some come with the intent to do harm or simply to take advantage of our generosity. But many come to find work to feed their families. To lump everyone who crosses the border illegally into the same class is unfair and unproductive."[72]

Flake spoke out against President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to prohibit immigration from seven predominantly Muslim countries. He stated that "It’s unacceptable when even legal permanent residents are being detained or turned away at airports and ports of entry.”[73]

Social issues[edit]

In October 2008, Esquire named Congressman Flake one of the Ten Best Members of Congress saying in part, "A true conservative, Flake is as rare as the dodo. Republicans should learn from him, and liberals and libertarians will find in him a strong privacy-rights ally."[74] During the 2005 debate on renewal of the expiring provisions of the USA Patriot Act, Jeff Flake successfully submitted several amendments to the bill in the House of Representatives. One required the FBI director to personally sign off on any request for library and bookstore records before applying to the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, but it was altered in the United States Senate version of the bill.[75] Two of his amendments were signed into law and they subjected any National Security Letter and its gag order to a judicial challenge by the recipient, and narrowed the scope of "Sneak and Peek" warrants to have definite time limits on their duration and extensions before they need to notify the target of the investigation.[76] Before that, "Sneak and Peek" warrants could be extended by the standard of not "unduly delaying trial" without any defined time limitation.[77] This amended bill was titled the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 and it was signed into law on March 9, 2006.[78] This bill also required three Inspector General investigations that led to the discovery of exigent letters[79] and National Security Letter abuses.[80] On February 8, 2011, Flake voted to renew key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. The vote failed.[81] On February 10, 2011, Flake again voted to renew key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. This vote succeeded.[82]

On March 7, 2017, Flake introduced a bill to eliminate FCC Internet privacy rules that were passed under President Barack Obama. His proposed bill would allow Internet service providers to share and sell consumers' browsing history without consent. In regards to Obama's FCC Internet Privacy rules, Flake stated that "It is unnecessary, confusing and adds yet another innovation-stifling regulation to the Internet."[83] Flake received $22,700 in donations from paid lobbyists representing Internet service providers and tech firms to sponsor the anti-privacy legislation.[84] In April 2017, the legislation passed both houses of Congress, which are Republican-controlled, allowing ISPs to sell consumer browsing history and other information without the user's consent.[84] One constituent at a town-hall meeting told Flake that "You sold my privacy up the river."[84]

Flake describes himself as "pro-life"; he opposes legal abortion, with exceptions for rape, incest, and to protect the life of the mother.[85]

In 2010, Flake was one of fifteen Republican House members to vote in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, which repealed the U.S. military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy, which banned openly gay service members.[86][87] Flake had voted to amend the U.S. Constitution to ban same-sex marriage with a Federal Marriage Amendment in 2004 and 2006.[88][89]

In 2017, Flake voted three times to repeal the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.[90]

Employment Non-Discrimination Act[edit]

Although he voted in favor of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) in 2007, which would have banned discrimination based on sexual orientation, Flake said he had concerns with the 2013 version, which includes both sexual orientation and gender identity.[91] When the vote occurred on November 7, Flake cast his vote in favor of the 2013 version of ENDA.[92]

Supreme Court[edit]

In March 2016, Flake said that Judge Merrick Garland, President Barack Obama's nominee for the Supreme Court seat vacated by the death of Antonin Scalia, should not be confirmed unless Hillary Clinton wins the 2016 presidential election. Flake argued that should Clinton win, Garland should be confirmed in the Senate's lame-duck session because he is less liberal than any nominee Clinton might put forward.[93][94] After meeting with Garland in April, Flake reiterated this position, saying that confirmation hearings on Garland's nomination should not be taken up until after the election, so that the American people can choose the next president, unless Clinton won, in which case, "we ought to approve him quickly."[95][96]

In April 2017, he voted to invoke cloture (end debate) on the nomination of Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch, putting an end to the Democratic filibuster. Flake also voted for the "nuclear option," ending the ability to filibuster Supreme Court nominees, and deviating from Senate tradition. He stated, "While changing Senate rules was not my preferred outcome, this will simply make de jure what was de facto prior to 2003, when filibusters were virtually never used on the executive calendar."[97][98] Experts have noted that this could presage an end to the use of the filibuster altogether, allowing for simple majority votes on legislation.[98]

Other[edit]

In 2015, Flake and Senator John McCain published a report detailing what they called "paid patriotism" by the U.S. Department of Defense for using soldiers, military equipment and resources at professional sports events in the United States. The report gave evidence that taxpayer-funded patriotic displays extended not only to the NFL but also to Major League Baseball, the National Hockey League and Major League Soccer.[99][100]

Personal life[edit]

Flake and his wife Cheryl (née Bae) have been married since 1985. [27] They live in Mesa and have five children. They are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He spent time in Zimbabwe and South Africa as a Mormon missionary.[6][101]

His uncle, Jake Flake, was an Arizona state senator.[102]

In 2009, while serving as a Representative, Flake spent a week alone on the island of Jabonwod, one of the Marshall Islands, as a survivalist venture. He survived by eating crabs, coconuts, and fish.[103] Having enjoyed the experience, he decided to repeat it when he was a senator, this time bringing his two youngest sons with him to another island in the area, Biggarenn, for four days during a congressional recess in 2013.[104]

Electoral history[edit]

Arizona's 1st congressional district: 2000 Results[105]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2000 David Mendoza 97,455 42.38% Jeff Flake 123,289 53.61% Jon Burroughs Libertarian 9,227 4.01%
Arizona's 6th congressional district: Results 2002–2010[105]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2002 Deborah Thomas 49,355 31.57% Jeff Flake* 103,094 65.94% Andy Wagner Libertarian 3,888 2.49%
2004 (no candidate) Jeff Flake 202,882 79.38% Craig Stritar Libertarian 52,695 20.62%
2006 (no candidate) Jeff Flake* 152,201 74.80% Jason M. Blair Libertarian 51,285 25.20%
2008 Rebecca Schneider 115,457 34.55% Jeff Flake* 208,582 62.42% Rick Biondi Libertarian 10,137 3.03%
2010 Rebecca Schneider 72,615 29.12% Jeff Flake* 165,649 66.42% Darell Tapp Libertarian 7,712 3.09% Richard Grayson Green 3,407 1.37%
United States Senate election in Arizona, 2012: Results
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2012 Richard Carmona 1,036,542 46.20% Jeff Flake 1,104,457 49.23% Marc Victor Libertarian 102,109 4.55%

2018 Senate election[edit]

In 2018, Flake's Senate seat will be at stake. Flake angered some Republicans by his criticism of Donald Trump, the party's nominee in the 2016 election for President. President Trump himself was "furious" that Flake called on him to withdraw from the presidential race after the emergence of the Access Hollywood tape.[106] In August, 2017, Flake published his book Conscience of a Conservative: A Rejection of Destructive Politics and a Return to Principle, which expanded on his criticisms of Donald Trump.[107][108]

On October 24, 2017, Flake announced he would not seek a second term in the Senate, delivering an impassioned speech on the Senate floor notable for its denunciation of the Trump Administration.[109] Flake's speech, which was described by McKay Coppins as a "thundering indictment of his party, his president, and his country's political culture," was called "the most important speech of 2017" by Chris Cillizza.[110][111]

Publications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeff FlakeNNDB
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  98. ^ a b "Arizona senators go 'nuclear' with GOP, pave way for Gorsuch vote | Cronkite News". Cronkite News - Arizona PBS. 2017-04-06. Retrieved 2017-04-07. 
  99. ^ Feldman, Dan (November 5, 2015). "NBC Sports: John McCain-Jeff Flake report: At least seven NBA teams accepted 'paid patriotism'". NBC Sports. Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  100. ^ "Flake and McCain Expose Paid Patriotism at Pro Sporting Events in New Government Oversight Report". Office of U.S. Senator Jeff Flake. November 4, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  101. ^ Lynch, Michael W. (February 2001). Reason Magazine, Soundbite: The Missionary's Positions Consulted on July 28, 2007.
  102. ^ Reid, Betty (June 8, 2008). "State Senator Jake Flake dies at Snowflake home". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 
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  104. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (June 2, 2013). "1 Senator, 2 Sons, 4 Days, 1 Deserted Island: Jeff Flake Escapes Again to the South Pacific". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  105. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  106. ^ Trump's White House is recruiting primary challengers against Republican Sen. Jeff Flake. Eric Bradner. CNN. 18 July 2017. Accessed 19 July 2017.
  107. ^ a b Flake, Jeff (2017). Conscience of a Conservative: A Rejection of Destructive Politics and a Return to Principle. Random House. ISBN 9780399592911. 
  108. ^ Senior, Jennifer (2017-07-31). "Republican Senator Jeff Flake Rails Against Trump, but to What End?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-08-02. 
  109. ^ Nowicki, Dan. "Arizona's Jeff Flake announces he will not seek reelection to the U.S. Senate". AZCentral. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  110. ^ Coppins, McKay (October 25, 2017). "The Tragedy of Jeff Flake". The Atlantic. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 
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  112. ^ Hohmann, James; Deppisch, Breanne; Greve, Joanie (August 2, 2017). "The Daily 202: Jeff Flake delivers the most courageous conservative rebuttal of Trumpism yet". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Matt Salmon
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 1st congressional district

2001–2003
Succeeded by
Rick Renzi
Preceded by
J. D. Hayworth
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 6th congressional district

2003–2013
Succeeded by
David Schweikert
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arizona
(Class 1)

2012
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Jon Kyl
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Arizona
2013–present
Served alongside: John McCain
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Tammy Baldwin
United States Senators by seniority
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