"The 21st Respect" King YeongJo, Joseon Dynasty, Korea, 1694 1776

Channel: whyjayseee   |   2011/11/30
Play Video
1
"The 21st Respect" King YeongJo, Joseon Dynasty, Korea, 1694  1776
"The 21st Respect" King YeongJo, Joseon Dynasty, Korea, 1694 1776
::2011/11/30::
Play Video
2
김홍도 그림 정조 어가행렬도 (Joseon dynasty king jeongjo)
김홍도 그림 정조 어가행렬도 (Joseon dynasty king jeongjo)
::2010/07/27::
Play Video
3
Political Meanings of the Royal Procession in the Return Procession of King Jeongjo
Political Meanings of the Royal Procession in the Return Procession of King Jeongjo
::2013/10/30::
Play Video
4
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 1/4
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
5
yi san - king jeong jo opening theme [korean drama]
yi san - king jeong jo opening theme [korean drama]
::2010/06/19::
Play Video
6
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 2/4
::2013/10/11::
Play Video
7
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 3/4
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
8
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 4/4
::2013/10/11::
Play Video
9
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 4/4
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
10
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 4/4
::2013/11/01::
Play Video
11
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 2부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 2/4
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
12
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 3/4
::2013/10/11::
Play Video
13
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 2/4
::2013/11/01::
Play Video
14
Joseon Renaissance Flowing in a City [Today
Joseon Renaissance Flowing in a City [Today's Blog]
::2011/09/26::
Play Video
15
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 3/4
::2013/11/01::
Play Video
16
Yi San - A love story
Yi San - A love story
::2013/09/02::
Play Video
17
青森発着⇔韓国「水原華城Ⅱ」"Suwon HwaseongⅡ"King Jeongjo
青森発着⇔韓国「水原華城Ⅱ」"Suwon HwaseongⅡ"King Jeongjo
::2013/05/01::
Play Video
18
Hwaseong Fortress Part 2: King Jeongjo and Chicken
Hwaseong Fortress Part 2: King Jeongjo and Chicken
::2011/09/21::
Play Video
19
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 3부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 1/4
::2013/11/01::
Play Video
20
青森発着⇔韓国「水原華城Ⅰ」"Suwon HwaseongⅠ"King Jeongjo
青森発着⇔韓国「水原華城Ⅰ」"Suwon HwaseongⅠ"King Jeongjo
::2013/05/01::
Play Video
21
Su-won Hwaseong Fortress, Korea :)
Su-won Hwaseong Fortress, Korea :)
::2009/11/28::
Play Video
22
Joseon
Joseon
::2012/07/02::
Play Video
23
Hwaseong palace
Hwaseong palace
::2011/04/28::
Play Video
24
(Korean Culture 100)  Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon, A Romantic Destination for Couples_수원화성
(Korean Culture 100) Hwaseong Fortress in Suwon, A Romantic Destination for Couples_수원화성
::2012/11/26::
Play Video
25
The fantastic night view of SUWAN Wall Hwaseong
The fantastic night view of SUWAN Wall Hwaseong
::2009/10/08::
Play Video
26
창과 방패
창과 방패
::2012/04/20::
Play Video
27
The Splendors of the Royal Family: Late Joseon Dynasty Court Paintings
The Splendors of the Royal Family: Late Joseon Dynasty Court Paintings
::2013/10/31::
Play Video
28
What is Jang Yong Yeong?
What is Jang Yong Yeong?
::2012/03/29::
Play Video
29
World Heritage-Hwaseong Fortress
World Heritage-Hwaseong Fortress
::2011/12/13::
Play Video
30
Yi San OST : SONG-YEON ソンヨン
Yi San OST : SONG-YEON ソンヨン
::2011/10/19::
Play Video
31
Portrait of an Official Joseon period 1392-1910 19th century
Portrait of an Official Joseon period 1392-1910 19th century
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
32
Hero -  The King of Joseon
Hero - The King of Joseon
::2012/12/20::
Play Video
33
Suwon Hwasung.
Suwon Hwasung.
::2013/12/28::
Play Video
34
Su-won Hwaseong Special Performance :)
Su-won Hwaseong Special Performance :)
::2009/12/15::
Play Video
35
Jo Yeo Jeong Jo Eun-Ji (The Concubine 후궁: 제왕의 첩后宫:帝王之妾) 조여정 조은지
Jo Yeo Jeong Jo Eun-Ji (The Concubine 후궁: 제왕의 첩后宫:帝王之妾) 조여정 조은지
::2013/08/06::
Play Video
36
Beautiful Korean People
Beautiful Korean People
::2013/09/12::
Play Video
37
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - First meeting (Ep 1 English sub)
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - First meeting (Ep 1 English sub)
::2010/11/29::
Play Video
38
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - Entrance examination (Ep 2 English sub)
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - Entrance examination (Ep 2 English sub)
::2010/11/29::
Play Video
39
Joseon Tongsinsa Festival 2011 (2/15)
Joseon Tongsinsa Festival 2011 (2/15)
::2011/05/08::
Play Video
40
Hwaseong Fortress (UNESCO/NHK)
Hwaseong Fortress (UNESCO/NHK)
::2013/11/05::
Play Video
41
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo
정조 대왕의 의궤 1부 《JeongJo's Uigwe》 UNESCO Uigwe 1/4
::2013/10/11::
Play Video
42
Confucianism, Ritual, and Society in Joseon Dynasty Korea
Confucianism, Ritual, and Society in Joseon Dynasty Korea
::2013/11/25::
Play Video
43
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - Father and daughter (Ep 18 English sub)
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - Father and daughter (Ep 18 English sub)
::2010/11/29::
Play Video
44
Người Hầu - The Servant Full HD | Phim Tâm Lý 18+ | Phim Cấp 3 Hàn Quốc Hay Nhất | VSUB
Người Hầu - The Servant Full HD | Phim Tâm Lý 18+ | Phim Cấp 3 Hàn Quốc Hay Nhất | VSUB
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
45
King Jeongjo
King Jeongjo's Procession - Hwaseong Haenggung
::2010/09/28::
Play Video
46
[South Korea Gyeonggi-do] Hwasung Hanggung
[South Korea Gyeonggi-do] Hwasung Hanggung
::2008/11/25::
Play Video
47
Jang Yong Yeong Guard Ceremony of old korea
Jang Yong Yeong Guard Ceremony of old korea
::2011/04/15::
Play Video
48
Shin yun bok
Shin yun bok's korean people
::2013/08/25::
Play Video
49
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - preparing for archery competition (ep 5 English sub)
Sungkyunkwan Scandal - preparing for archery competition (ep 5 English sub)
::2010/12/01::
Play Video
50
SUWON HWASEONG - South Korea
SUWON HWASEONG - South Korea
::2010/01/08::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jeongjo
King of Joseon
King JeongJo of Joseon.jpg
Reign 27 April 1776 – 18 August 1800
Born (1752-10-28)28 October 1752
Birthplace Changgyeong Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
Died 18 August 1800(1800-08-18) (aged 47)
Place of death Changgyeong Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
Buried Geolleung, Hwaseong, Gyeonggi
Predecessor Yeongjo of Joseon
Successor Sunjo of Joseon
Consort Queen Hyoui,
Royal Noble Consort Won, concubine
Royal Noble Consort Hwa, concubine
Royal Noble Consort Ui, concubine
Royal Noble Consort Su, concubine
Issue Crown Prince Munhyo
Sunjo of Joseon
Royal House House of Yi
Father Crown Prince Sado
Mother Lady Hyegyeong
Jeongjo of Joseon
Hangul 정조
Hanja 正祖
Revised Romanization Jeongjo
McCune–Reischauer Chŏngjo
Birth name
Hangul 이산
Hanja 李祘
Revised Romanization I San
McCune–Reischauer Yi San

King Jeongjo (28 October 1752 – 18 August 1800) was the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (r. 1776-1800). He made various attempts to reform and improve the nation of Joseon. He was preceded by his grandfather King Yeongjo (r. 1724–1776) and succeeded by his son King Sunjo (r. 1800–1834).

Some say Jeongjo is one of the most successful and visionary rulers of the Joseon Dynasty. But it is also pointed out that he was overestimated.

Early life[edit]

Born as Yi San, he was the son of Crown Prince Sado (who was put to death by his own father, King Yeongjo) and Lady Hyegyeong (who wrote an autobiography, The Memoirs of Lady Hyegyeong detailing her life as the ill-fated Crown Princess of Joseon). Lady Hyegyeong's collection of memoirs serves as a significant source of historical information on the political happenings during the reigns of King Yeongjo (her father-in-law), King Jeongjo (her son), and King Sunjo (her grandson).

When he was the Crown Prince, King Jeongjo met Hong Guk-yeong[1] (홍국영, 洪國榮; Westernized spelling also as Hong Gook Young), a controversial politician who first strongly supported Jeongjo's accession and toiled to improve the king's power, but ended up being expelled because of his desire for power.

Jeongjo spent much of his reign trying to clear his father's name. He also moved the court to the city of Suwon to be closer to his father's grave. He built Hwaseong Fortress to guard the tomb. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Accession[edit]

The era before his rule was in disorder as his father was killed by royal decree of his own father, King Jeongjo's grandfather. King Yeongjo's ultimate decision to execute Crown Prince Sado was greatly influenced by other politicians who were against the Crown Prince. After King Yeongjo's death and on the day that Jeongjo became the King of Joseon, he sat on his throne in the throne room and looked at everyone and said, "I am the son of the late Crown Prince Sado..."[citation needed] This was a bold statement that sent shivers down the spines of all the politicians who were complicit in his father's death.

During his accession, he also issued a royal decree that his mother, Lady Hyegyeong, be a Dowager Queen since his father, her husband, was supposed to be the King before him. Thus, she became the Queen Dowager, the widow of Crown Prince Sado. From then on, King Jeongjo experienced many turbulent periods, but overcame them with the aid of Hong Guk-yeong.[1]

Renaissance[edit]

King Jeongjo led the new renaissance of the Joseon Dynasty, but was initially stopped by continuing the policy of Yeongjo's Tangpyeong rule. He tried to control the politics of the whole nation to advance and further national progress.

He made various reforms throughout his reign, notably establishing Kyujanggak (규장각), a royal library. The primary purpose of Kyujanggak was to improve the cultural and political stance of Joseon and to recruit gifted officers to help run the nation. Jeongjo also spearheaded bold new social initiatives, including opening government positions to those who were previously barred because of their social status.

Jeongjo had the support of the many Silhak scholars who supported Jeongjo's regal power, including Scholars Jeong Yak-yong, Yu Deuk-gong, Pak Ji-won and Pak Je-ga. His reign also saw the further growth and development of Joseon's popular culture.

Death[edit]

King Jeongjo was known as an innovative person despite his high political status in Joseon. In 1800, he died suddenly under mysterious circumstances at the age of 48, without seeing his lifelong wishes that were later realized by his son, Sunjo.[2] There are many books regarding the mysterious death of Jeongjo, and speculation as to the cause of his death continues even today.

He is buried with his wife, Queen Hyoui, at the royal tomb of Geolleung (건릉, 健陵) in the city of Hwaseong.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Crown Prince Sado (사도세자, 1735–1762)
    He is given the posthumous title, "Jangjo" (장조)
  • Mother: Queen Heongyeong of the Poongsan Hong clan (헌경왕후 홍씨, 1735–1815)[3][4]
  • Consorts and Issues:
  1. Queen Consort Hyoui of the Cheongpung Gim clan (효의왕후 김씨, 1753–1821)[5]
  2. Royal Noble Consort Won Bin of the Pyeongsan Hong clan (원빈 홍씨, 1766–1779)[6]
    1. Prince Sang Gye (상계군, 1770–1786): Adoptive son following her death[7]
  3. Royal Noble Consort Hwa Bin of the Yun clan (화빈 윤씨, 1765–1824)[8]
  4. Royal Noble Consort Ui of the Seong clan (의빈 성씨, 1753–1786)[9]
    1. Prince Successor Mun Hyo (문효세자, 1782–1786; Westernized name also spelled as Moon Hyo); birth name, Prince Yi Hyang
    2. Unnamed Princess (1784)[10]
    3. Unborn child (1786); died in utero as a result of mother's death
  5. Royal Noble Consort Su of the Bannam Park clan (수빈 박씨, 1770–1822)[11]
    1. Prince Yi Gong, and later Sunjo the Royal Prince Successor (왕세자,1790–1834)
    2. Princess Suk Seon (숙선옹주, 1793–1836)-who created Kkakdugi alongside the wife of Hong Hyeon-ju

Full posthumous name[edit]

  • King Jeongjo Gyeongcheon Myeongdo Hongdeok Hyeonmo Munseong Muryeol Seongin Janghyo the Great of Korea
  • 정조경천명도홍덕현모문성무렬성인장효대왕
  • 正祖敬天明道洪德顯謨文成武烈聖仁莊孝大王

Portrayal in works of media[edit]

Jeongjo portrayed in modern films and TV dramas:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Digital Korean studies (Korean site) http://www.koreandb.net/koreanking/html/person/pki60022.htm Archived 23 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ National Heritage – Hwaseong
  3. ^ Daughter of Hong Bong-han (홍봉한) and Lady Yi of the Hansun Yi clan
  4. ^ Queen Heongyeong is also called "Lady Hyegyeong" (혜경궁)
  5. ^ Daughter of Kim Si-muk (김시묵) and Lady Hong of the Namyang Hong clan
  6. ^ Daughter of Hong Nak-chun (홍낙춘) and younger sister of Hong Guk-yeong (홍국영). She became Noble Royal Consort 1778, but she died suddenly a year after receiving the title.
  7. ^ Son of Jeongjo's half-brother, Prince Euneon. After the banishing and death of Hong Guk-yeong, he was also banished for treason and committed suicide by poison.
  8. ^ Daughter of Yun Chang-yun (윤창윤). She became Noble Royal Consort in 1781; conceived, but the child was stillborn.
  9. ^ Daughter of Seong Yun-u (성윤우) and Lady Im. She did not receive the title Noble Royal Consort until her son became Grand Prince in 1782. She died suddenly in 1786 (most likely from liver cancer), just months after the death of her son.
  10. ^ Died after birth (1784)
  11. ^ Daughter of Park Jun-won (박준원) and Lady Won. Also called Royal Noble Consort Hyeon(현빈). She became Noble Royal Consort in 1787.
  12. ^ a b c Chung, Ah-young (13 November 2007). "Renaissance of Joseon King Jeongjo". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2013-04-02. 
  13. ^ Sungkyunkwan Scandal

External links[edit]

*Official site of Hwaseong Fortress

Preceded by
Yeongjo
Rulers of Korea
(Joseon Dynasty)

1776–1800
Succeeded by
Sunjo
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014