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Jet Airliner | Steve Miller Band
Jet Airliner | Steve Miller Band
Published: 2009/05/15
Channel: Andrew Irvin
Steve Miller- Jet Airliner with lyrics
Steve Miller- Jet Airliner with lyrics
Published: 2009/01/14
Channel: Aj DiFatta
Steve Miller Band - jet airliner
Steve Miller Band - jet airliner
Published: 2012/06/11
Channel: Reecee14
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (Live)
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (Live)
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: Bert van der Waal van Dijk
Paul Pena - Jet Airliner (The Original)
Paul Pena - Jet Airliner (The Original)
Published: 2008/09/04
Channel: badnewsbarnett
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner ( Official Video 1987 HQ ) C: Dieter Bohlen
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner ( Official Video 1987 HQ ) C: Dieter Bohlen
Published: 2009/04/18
Channel: modernsystemcatch
Threshold/Jet Airliner-The Steve Miller Band
Threshold/Jet Airliner-The Steve Miller Band
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: WS82 Classics
Steve Miller Band "Jet Airliner"
Steve Miller Band "Jet Airliner"
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: SINGING FOOLS VIDEO
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner [HD]
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner [HD]
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Modern Talking Fan Club
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner - 11/26/1989 - Cow Palace (Official)
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner - 11/26/1989 - Cow Palace (Official)
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Steve Miller on MV
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner
Published: 2011/06/04
Channel: Nosiah45Music
Jet Airliner - The Steve Miller Band with lyrics
Jet Airliner - The Steve Miller Band with lyrics
Published: 2012/07/06
Channel: Deorse
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (studio version)
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (studio version)
Published: 2010/03/04
Channel: sneakertokyo
Paul Pena - Jet Airliner
Paul Pena - Jet Airliner
Published: 2008/01/03
Channel: gfink2
Twang and Round - Jet Airliner (REMIX)
Twang and Round - Jet Airliner (REMIX)
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Twang and Round
MODERN TALKING - Jet Airliner 1985. Fly extreme magic race Italo disco mix
MODERN TALKING - Jet Airliner 1985. Fly extreme magic race Italo disco mix
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Kot Simiroff
Jet Airliner- Steve Miller Band
Jet Airliner- Steve Miller Band
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: SteveMillerBandFan
Jet Airliner - Paul Pena
Jet Airliner - Paul Pena
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: James James
Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Advanced Jet Airliner - Documentary
Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Advanced Jet Airliner - Documentary
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Aerospace Engineering
Steve Miller Band - Threshold/Jet Airliner (Album Version)
Steve Miller Band - Threshold/Jet Airliner (Album Version)
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Doug Torney
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner [Lyrics]
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner [Lyrics]
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Nomis Cheung
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner
Published: 2011/06/28
Channel: metalboombox
Karaoke Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band *
Karaoke Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band *
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: karafun
Jet Airliner Steve Miller cover.mpg
Jet Airliner Steve Miller cover.mpg
Published: 2011/06/28
Channel: pereke58
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner  Remix 2015  [ Avi ]
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner Remix 2015 [ Avi ]
Published: 2015/03/28
Channel: DJ Smith ku
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner {HD}
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner {HD}
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: joe blevins
Jet Airliner/Steve Miller Band (tutorial) - cover by Tonedr
Jet Airliner/Steve Miller Band (tutorial) - cover by Tonedr
Published: 2010/12/28
Channel: tonedr
The Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner - Bass Cover
The Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner - Bass Cover
Published: 2011/12/21
Channel: infusion26
Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band (Lyrics)
Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band (Lyrics)
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: DoctorWhoFreak
Modern Talking - Goodbye Jet airliner  Magic Martina Fly extreme show mix
Modern Talking - Goodbye Jet airliner Magic Martina Fly extreme show mix
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Kot Simiroff
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (8-Bit)
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (8-Bit)
Published: 2011/04/15
Channel: 8BitRenditions
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner 98
Modern Talking - Jet Airliner 98'
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: Angel Arturo Carta Soncco
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner
Published: 2013/04/07
Channel: dadeppnoe
steve miller band  jet airliner with lyrics
steve miller band jet airliner with lyrics
Published: 2009/02/22
Channel: acemasterDOOM
Jet Airliner- Steve Miller Band
Jet Airliner- Steve Miller Band
Published: 2012/04/07
Channel: SteveMillerBandFan
Jet Airliner - Threshold - Steve Miller Band -1977
Jet Airliner - Threshold - Steve Miller Band -1977
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: A. Alexander
Steve Miller Band Jet Airliner Bass Cover
Steve Miller Band Jet Airliner Bass Cover
Published: 2011/09/17
Channel: Constantine Isslamow
Steve Miller Band   Jet Airliner  45rpm
Steve Miller Band Jet Airliner 45rpm
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: zman291977
De Havilland Comet - World
De Havilland Comet - World's First Commercial Jet Airliner
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Best of The World
NEW BIGGEST RC AIRPLANE IN THE WORLD BOEING 747-400 VIRGIN ATLANTIC AIRLINER
NEW BIGGEST RC AIRPLANE IN THE WORLD BOEING 747-400 VIRGIN ATLANTIC AIRLINER
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: RC MEDIA WORLD
“Jet Airliner & Wild Mountain Honey(Acoustic)” Steve Miller Band@Sands Bethlehem PA 11/3/15he Band
“Jet Airliner & Wild Mountain Honey(Acoustic)” Steve Miller Band@Sands Bethlehem PA 11/3/15he Band
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: Steve Vitalidol
"Jet Airliner" Steve Miller Band Seaworld 2016
"Jet Airliner" Steve Miller Band Seaworld 2016
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: habsnit
vDj Alex RetrON & NIKOLAY-D ~ MODERN TALKING - JET AIRLINER {Xlusiver LT RemixON} 2017
vDj Alex RetrON & NIKOLAY-D ~ MODERN TALKING - JET AIRLINER {Xlusiver LT RemixON} 2017
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Beata
Steve Miller Band  - Jet Airliner  (Live @ The Ryman)
Steve Miller Band - Jet Airliner (Live @ The Ryman)
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: SSR LS2
Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band (Cover)
Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band (Cover)
Published: 2012/08/01
Channel: SeanStrums
Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band - Humphrey
Jet Airliner - Steve Miller Band - Humphrey's by the Bay - San Diego CA - Apr 14 2016
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: blisstanger
How to build a small jet airliner in Minecraft
How to build a small jet airliner in Minecraft
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: JakobS Games
Italo disco. Jet Airliner - Modern Talking style. Show fly cool extreme mix
Italo disco. Jet Airliner - Modern Talking style. Show fly cool extreme mix
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Kot Simiroff
360 VIDEO: Inside the Emirates Boeing 777-300 Amazing Luxury Jet Airliner
360 VIDEO: Inside the Emirates Boeing 777-300 Amazing Luxury Jet Airliner
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: PIXSELL
Thomas Anders Jet Airliner & Atlantis Is Calling
Thomas Anders Jet Airliner & Atlantis Is Calling
Published: 2012/11/01
Channel: MariaTubeish
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Trident 62
Cutaway of an Airbus A300 jet airliner showing the cabin and cargo deck

A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft). Airliners usually have two or four jet engines; three-engined designs were popular in the 1970s but are less common today.

Most airliners today are powered by jet engines, because they are capable of safely operating at high speeds and generate sufficient thrust to power large-capacity aircraft. The first jetliners, introduced in the 1950s, used the simpler turbojet engine; these were quickly supplanted by designs using turbofans, which are quieter and more fuel-efficient.

Airliners are commonly classified as either the generally long-haul widebody aircraft, or narrow-body aircraft.

Early history[edit]

Sapphire test-bed Lancastrian VM733 demonstrating in 1954 on the two jets with the two inner Merlins feathered

The first airliners with turbojet propulsion were experimental conversions of the Avro Lancastrian piston-engined airliner, which were flown with several types of early jet engine, including the de Havilland Ghost and the Rolls-Royce Nene. They retained the two inboard piston engines, the jets being housed in the outboard nacelles. The first airliner with jet power only was the Nene-powered Vickers VC.1 Viking G-AJPH, which first flew on 6 April 1948.

The early jet airliners had much lower interior levels of noise and vibration than contemporary piston-engined aircraft, so much so that in 1947, after piloting a jet powered aircraft for the first time, Wing Commander Maurice A. Smith, editor of Flight magazine, said, "Piloting a jet aircraft has confirmed one opinion I had formed after flying as a passenger in the Lancastrian jet test beds, that few, if any, having flown in a jet-propelled transport, will wish to revert to the noise, vibration and attendant fatigue of an airscrew-propelled piston-engined aircraft"[1]

First generation (1950s)[edit]

The first purpose-built jet airliner was the British de Havilland Comet which first flew in 1949 and entered service in 1952. Also developed in 1949 was the Avro Canada C102 Jetliner, which never reached production; however the term jetliner came into use as a generic term for passenger jet aircraft.

These first jet airliners were followed some years later by the Sud Aviation Caravelle from France, the Tupolev Tu-104 from the Soviet Union (2nd in service), and the Boeing 707, Douglas DC-8 and Convair 880 from the United States. National prestige was attached to developing prototypes and bringing these first generation designs into service. There was also a strong nationalism in purchasing policy, so that US Boeing and Douglas aircraft became closely associated with Pan Am, while BOAC ordered British Comets.

Pan Am and BOAC, with the help of advertising agencies and their strong nautical traditions of command hierarchy and chain of command (retained from their days of operating flying boats), were quick to link the "speed of jets" with the safety and security of the "luxury of ocean liners" in the public's perception.

Aeroflot used Soviet Tupolevs, while Air France introduced French Caravelles. Commercial realities dictated exceptions, however, as few airlines could risk missing out on a superior product: American Airlines ordered the pioneering Comet (but later cancelled when the Comet ran into metal fatigue problems), Canadian, British and European airlines could not ignore the better operating economics of the Boeing 707 and the DC-8, while some American airlines ordered the Caravelle.

DH.106 Comet 1 of BOAC at London Heathrow on 2 June 1953

Boeing became the most successful of the early manufacturers. The KC-135 Stratotanker and military versions of the 707 remain operational, mostly as tankers or freighters. The basic configuration of the Boeing, Convair and Douglas aircraft jet airliner designs, with widely spaced podded engines underslung on pylons beneath a swept wing, proved to be the most common arrangement and was most easily compatible with the large-diameter high-bypass turbofan engines that subsequently prevailed for reasons of quietness and fuel efficiency.

Innovations[edit]

The Pratt & Whitney JT3 turbojets powered the original Boeing 707 and DC-8 models; in the early 1960s the JT3 was modified into the JT3D low-bypass turbofan for long-range 707 and DC-8 variants.[2]

The de Havilland and Tupolev designs had engines incorporated within the wings next to the fuselage, a concept that endured only within military designs while the Caravelle pioneered engines mounted either side of the rear fuselage.

Second generation (1960s)[edit]

British Island Airways at Basle - 1985

Second-generation jet airliners include the BAC One-Eleven Douglas DC-9 twinjets; Boeing 727, Hawker Siddeley Trident, Tupolev Tu-154 trijets; and the paired multi-engined Ilyushin Il-62, and Vickers VC10.[3]

Innovations[edit]

The second-generation of jet airliners was known for the advancement of turbofan technology, as well as the advent of the trijet design.

Jet airliners that entered service in the 1960s were powered by slim, low-bypass turbofan engines, many aircraft used the rear-engined, T-tail configuration, such as the BAC One-Eleven, Douglas DC-9 twinjets; Boeing 727, Hawker Siddeley Trident, Tupolev Tu-154 trijets; and the paired multi-engined Ilyushin Il-62, and Vickers VC10. The rear-engined T-tail arrangement is still used for jetliners with a maximum takeoff weight of less than 50 tons.[3]

Other second-generation developments, such as rocket assisted takeoff (RATO), water-injection, and afterburners (also known as reheat) used on supersonic jetliners (SSTs) such as Concorde and the Tupolev Tu-144, have been superseded.

Third generation (1970s)[edit]

The third generation of jet airliners introduced wide-body (twin-aisle) craft and high-bypass turbofan engines.[4] Pan Am and Boeing "again opened a new era in commercial aviation" when the first Boeing 747 entered service in January 1970, marking the debut of the high-bypass turbofan which lowered operating costs,[5] and the initial models which could seat up to 400 passengers which earned it the nickname "Jumbo Jet". Other wide-body designs included the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 TriStar trijets, smaller than the Boeing 747 but capable of flying similar long-range routes from airports with shorter runways. There was also the market debut of the European consortium Airbus, whose first aircraft was the twinjet Airbus A300.[6]

1980s[edit]

In 1978, Boeing unveiled the twin-engine Boeing 757 to replace its 727, and the twin-engine 767 to challenge the Airbus A300.[7][8][9] The mid-size 757 and 767 launched to market success, due in part to 1980s extended-range twin-engine operational performance standards (ETOPS) regulations governing transoceanic twinjet operations.[10] These regulations allowed twin-engine airliners to make ocean crossings at up to three hours' distance from emergency diversionary airports.[11] Under ETOPS rules, airlines began operating the 767 on long-distance overseas routes that did not require the capacity of larger airliners.[10][12][13]

1990s[edit]

By the late 1980s, DC-10 and L-1011 models were approaching retirement age, prompting manufacturers to develop replacement designs.[14] McDonnell Douglas were working on the MD-11, a stretched and upgraded successor of the DC-10.[14] Airbus, thanks to the success of its A320 family, developed the medium-range A330 twinjet and the related long-range A340 quad-jet.[14] In 1988, Boeing began developing what would be the 777 twinjet,[15] using the twin-engine configuration given past design successes, projected engine developments, and reduced-cost benefits.[16][17] In addition, Boeing also released a major update on their 747, the 747-400.

Present day[edit]

An Airbus A340-600 on final approach. There is a fourth undercarriage under the fuselage belly.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1947 | 2080 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 1947-11-27. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  2. ^ "The First Generation of Jet Airliners - America by Air". si.edu. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Kroo, Ilan (January 19, 2006). "Engine Placement". AA241 Introduction to Aircraft Design: Synthesis and Analysis. Stanford University. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  4. ^ Wells & Rodrigues 2004, p. 146
  5. ^ "Aviation Technology - America by Air". si.edu. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "The Era of Wide-Body Airliners - America by Air". si.edu. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "The 1980s Generation". Time. August 14, 1978. Archived from the original on November 18, 2007. Retrieved July 19, 2008. 
  8. ^ Weiner, Eric (December 19, 1990). "New Boeing Airliner Shaped by the Airlines". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2011. 
  9. ^ Eden 2008, pp. 98, 102–103
  10. ^ a b Eden 2008, pp. 99–104
  11. ^ Norris & Wagner 1999, p. 128
  12. ^ Yenne 2002, p. 33
  13. ^ Eden 2008, p. 112
  14. ^ a b c Norris & Wagner 1999, p. 126
  15. ^ Norris & Wagner 1996, pp. 9–14
  16. ^ Norris & Wagner 1999, p. 129
  17. ^ Norris & Wagner 1999, p. 127

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