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The Free Voice of Labor - The Jewish Anarchists
The Free Voice of Labor - The Jewish Anarchists
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: Lester Love
Anarchists in Israel: We Oppose Judaism As We Do Nazism
Anarchists in Israel: We Oppose Judaism As We Do Nazism
Published: 2012/05/03
Channel: Arutz Sheva TV
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (1/6)
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (1/6)
Published: 2009/05/19
Channel: Gusty85
Jewish Anarchist song
Jewish Anarchist song
Published: 2006/09/14
Channel: OttOmOlOtOv
Drunken Q & A: Jewish Friends, Christianity,  Syria, Anarchism & More
Drunken Q & A: Jewish Friends, Christianity, Syria, Anarchism & More
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: CT Rants
Singing a Jewish-Yiddish anarchist song
Singing a Jewish-Yiddish anarchist song
Published: 2007/01/24
Channel: mr1001nights
Jewish anarchism
Jewish anarchism
Published: 2016/01/02
Channel: WikiAudio
Mark Passio Jesus Christ Was An Anarchist
Mark Passio Jesus Christ Was An Anarchist
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: The Great Work
Noam Chomsky - Who Is the Most Important Anarchist Thinker?
Noam Chomsky - Who Is the Most Important Anarchist Thinker?
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Chomsky's Philosophy
Anarchists are asked: What
Anarchists are asked: What's your message?
Published: 2014/05/03
Channel: Mantras
Emma Goldman
Emma Goldman
Published: 2007/02/27
Channel: Darganot
Free Voice of Labor: The Jewish Anarchists (1980)
Free Voice of Labor: The Jewish Anarchists (1980)
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: EV_Janoušková Hana_Movie World *37
The Jewish Question [Crucifixion, Holocaust, Israel]
The Jewish Question [Crucifixion, Holocaust, Israel]
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Love Life And Anarchy
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 1 of 4
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 1 of 4
Published: 2011/02/26
Channel: AngryHateMusic
What is an Anarchist? Government Review
What is an Anarchist? Government Review
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Hip Hughes
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 4 of 4
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 4 of 4
Published: 2011/02/26
Channel: AngryHateMusic
Anarchists & Arabs Riot at Jewish Owned Supermarket
Anarchists & Arabs Riot at Jewish Owned Supermarket
Published: 2012/10/24
Channel: Arutz Sheva TV
Inside violent anarchist group Antifa
Inside violent anarchist group Antifa
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: CNN
Wisdom of an old Revolutionary
Wisdom of an old Revolutionary
Published: 2006/09/14
Channel: OttOmOlOtOv
Anarchist for Palestine... whut?
Anarchist for Palestine... whut?
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Israel Advocacy Movement
Anarchism In Ireland 1999-2007
Anarchism In Ireland 1999-2007
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: Workers Solidarity Movement
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (2/6)
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (2/6)
Published: 2009/05/19
Channel: Gusty85
An Anarchist For Trump Against Antifa
An Anarchist For Trump Against Antifa
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Man The Unknown
Yiddish Anarchist song "Hey, hey, daloy politsey!" ("Down with the Police") With English Subtitles
Yiddish Anarchist song "Hey, hey, daloy politsey!" ("Down with the Police") With English Subtitles
Published: 2010/09/05
Channel: AssafKintzer
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 3 of 4
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 3 of 4
Published: 2011/02/26
Channel: AngryHateMusic
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (5/6)
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (5/6)
Published: 2009/05/20
Channel: Gusty85
Anarchy Radio on Post-left Anarchism, Egoism, Nihilism and Anti-Civ
Anarchy Radio on Post-left Anarchism, Egoism, Nihilism and Anti-Civ
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: The Comfy Milk Shop
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (6/6)
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (6/6)
Published: 2009/05/20
Channel: Gusty85
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (4/6)
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (4/6)
Published: 2009/05/19
Channel: Gusty85
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (3/6)
The Free Voice of Labour - The Jewish Anarchist (3/6)
Published: 2009/05/19
Channel: Gusty85
Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution
Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution
Published: 2012/05/30
Channel: Workers Solidarity Movement
anarchists who inhabit the Palestinian outpost are members of the Jewish Agency’s  program
anarchists who inhabit the Palestinian outpost are members of the Jewish Agency’s program
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Ad kan org
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 2 of 4
The Free Voice of Labor: Jewish Anarchists 2 of 4
Published: 2011/02/26
Channel: AngryHateMusic
Fighting The FakeStream Media - Independent Anarchist Media with Rachel Blevins
Fighting The FakeStream Media - Independent Anarchist Media with Rachel Blevins
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: TheAnarchast
Free Voice of Labor: The Jewish Anarchists
Free Voice of Labor: The Jewish Anarchists
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Rs_HD m 0 v i e45
Murray Bookchin;eco-anarchism clip1
Murray Bookchin;eco-anarchism clip1
Published: 2010/09/07
Channel: Zarathrustrasite
Karl Hess on the extentions of American Anarchism
Karl Hess on the extentions of American Anarchism
Published: 2008/03/12
Channel: Darganot
Israeli Jewish Anarchist Demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah, Occupied East Jerusalem, 12.18.09 1/6
Israeli Jewish Anarchist Demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah, Occupied East Jerusalem, 12.18.09 1/6
Published: 2009/12/19
Channel: David Goodner
Israeli Jewish Anarchist Demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah, Occupied East Jerusalem, 12.18.09 5/6
Israeli Jewish Anarchist Demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah, Occupied East Jerusalem, 12.18.09 5/6
Published: 2009/12/19
Channel: David Goodner
Emma Goldman, "Anarchism and Other Essays" Chapter 1 - Anarchism: What it Really Stands For
Emma Goldman, "Anarchism and Other Essays" Chapter 1 - Anarchism: What it Really Stands For
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: AudibleAnarchist
Debunking Anarchism and Why the West Needs Strong Leaders
Debunking Anarchism and Why the West Needs Strong Leaders
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Super Beagle
1936 - Spanish anarchist song w/English subtitles
1936 - Spanish anarchist song w/English subtitles
Published: 2008/02/21
Channel: mr1001nights
Jews push for Immigration and White Genocide ?
Jews push for Immigration and White Genocide ?
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Volker Egner
8.  Dynamite Club: The Anarchists
8. Dynamite Club: The Anarchists
Published: 2008/11/21
Channel: YaleCourses
Documentary: An Anarchist
Documentary: An Anarchist's Story
Published: 2012/06/08
Channel: filmreiheanarch1e
Idea of Anarchism and the Example of Emma Goldman
Idea of Anarchism and the Example of Emma Goldman
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: anarchophilia
Noam Chomsky: Apathy and Anarchy 2/9/93
Noam Chomsky: Apathy and Anarchy 2/9/93
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: argusfest
The Importance Of Peter Kropotkin | An Introduction To Anarchist Communism
The Importance Of Peter Kropotkin | An Introduction To Anarchist Communism
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Christopher Szabo
Israeli Jewish Anarchist Demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah, Occupied East Jerusalem, 12.18.09 2/6
Israeli Jewish Anarchist Demonstration in Sheikh Jarrah, Occupied East Jerusalem, 12.18.09 2/6
Published: 2009/12/19
Channel: David Goodner
Anarchist Emma Goldman (2 of 2)
Anarchist Emma Goldman (2 of 2)
Published: 2006/10/24
Channel: OttOmOlOtOv
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Jewish anarchism is a general term encompassing various expressions of anarchism within the Jewish community.

Secular Jewish anarchism[edit]

Many people of Jewish origin, such as Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman, Martin Buber, Murray Bookchin and Noam Chomsky have played a role in the history of anarchism. However, as well as these anarchists of Jewish origin, there have also been specifically Jewish anarchist movements, within the Yiddish-speaking communities of Eastern and Central Europe, and the Western cities to which they migrated, from the late nineteenth century until the Second World War. All the members of the first anarchist group in the Russian Empire, which was formed in 1903 in Białystok, were Jews.[1] Yiddish-speaking Jews participated to the International Anarchist Congress of Amsterdam in 1907.

Fraye Arbeter Shtime, vol 1 no 4, Friday, July 25, 1890.

Jewish anarchist movements tended to stress the internationalist character of the movement, but many of them also supported their national culture and focused on specifically Jewish issues. Yiddish anarchist literature flourished since the 1880s till the 1950s and, on much smaller scale, till the 1980s; the last Yiddish periodical publication, Problemen was published in 1991. In addition to many original books, pamphlets, poems and essays, all the major works of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Mikhail Bakunin, Peter Kropotkin, Errico Malatesta, Henry Thoreau, Leo Tolstoy, Max Stirner and other anarchists were translated into Yiddish. Rudolf Rocker, a non-Jewish German anarchist, had studied Yiddish and authored many Yiddish books, pamphlets and articles. Most Jewish anarchists were anarcho-syndicalists, while a few others were individualist anarchists.

Different anarchist groups had different views on Zionism and the Jewish question. Bernard Lazare was a key figure in both the French anarchist movement and early Zionist movement. The later Territorialist movement, especially the Freeland League, under the leadership of Isaac Nachman Steinberg, was very close to anarchism. Some others, such as Martin Buber and Gershom Scholem, advocated non-nationalist forms of Zionism, and promoted the idea of creating a binational Jewish-Arab federation in Palestine. Many contemporary anarchists support the idea of what has been dubbed the "no-state solution".[2] Noam Chomsky has said that, as an anarchist, he ultimately favours such a no-state solution, but, in the short term, feels a two-state solution is the best way out of the present conflict.[3]

Religious Jewish anarchism[edit]

Jacques Ellul recounts that at the end of the Book of Judges (Judges 21:25) there was no king in Israel and everyone did as they saw fit.[4][5][6] Later in the first Book of Samuel (1 Samuel 8) the people of Israel wanted a king to be like other nations.[5][7] God declared that the people had rejected him as their king. He warned that a human king would lead to militarism, conscription and taxation, and that their pleas for mercy from the king's demands would go unanswered. Samuel passed on God's warning to the Israelites but they disregarded him and chose Saul as their king.[5] Much of the subsequent Tanakh chronicles them trying to live with this decision.[8]

While many Jewish anarchists were irreligious or sometimes vehemently anti-religious, there were also a few religious anarchists and pro-anarchist thinkers, who combined contemporary radical ideas with traditional Judaism. Some secular anti-authoritarians, such as Abba Gordin and Erich Fromm, also noticed remarkable similarity between anarchism and many Kabbalistic ideas, especially in their Hasidic interpretation. Some Jewish mystical groups were based on anti-authoritarian principles, somewhat similar to the Christian Quakers and Dukhobors. Martin Buber, a deeply religious philosopher, had frequently referred to the Hasidic tradition.

The Orthodox Kabbalist rabbi Yehuda Ashlag believed in a religious version of libertarian communism, based on principles of Kabbalah, which he called altruist communism. Ashlag supported the Kibbutz movement and preached to establish a network of self-ruled internationalist communes, who would eventually 'annul the brute-force regime completely, for “every man did that which was right in his own eyes.”', because 'there is nothing more humiliating and degrading for a person than being under the brute-force government'.[1]

A British Orthodox rabbi, Yankev-Meyer Zalkind, was an anarcho-communist and very active anti-militarist. Rabbi Zalkind was a close friend of Rudolf Rocker, a prolific Yiddish writer and a prominent Torah scholar. He argued, that the ethics of the Talmud, if properly understood, is closely related to anarchism.[9]

Anarchists in contemporary Israel[edit]

There are a number of anarchist groups in Israel. In the past decade, the Israeli group known as "Anarchists Against the Wall" became widely known in the ongoing struggle around the creation of the variously called Separation Wall/Fence/Barrier on the West Bank.

While most of them are Jewish, members of the group do not define themselves as being "Jewish anarchists".

Jewish anarchists[edit]

Jewish anarchist newspapers[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Гончарок, Моше (1996). Век воли. Русский анархизм и евреи (XIX-XX вв.) (in Russian). Jerusalem: Mishmeret Shalom. 
  2. ^ Templer, Bill (2003). "From Mutual Struggle to Mutual Aid: Moving Beyond the Statist Impasse in Israel/Palestine". Borderlands E-journal. Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2007-02-15. 
  3. ^ Noam Chomsky "Advocacy and Realism: A reply to Noah Cohen" ZNet, August 26, 2004
  4. ^ Christoyannopoulos, Alexandre (2010). Christian Anarchism: A Political Commentary on the Gospel. Exeter: Imprint Academic. pp. 84–88. Old Testament 
  5. ^ a b c Ellul, Jacques (1988). Anarchy and Christianity. Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans. pp. 47–48. The Hebrew Bible 
  6. ^ BibleGateway.com - Passage Lookup: Judges 21:25
  7. ^ BibleGateway.com - Passage Lookup: 1 Samuel 8
  8. ^ Vernard Eller (1987). Christian Anarchy: Jesus' Primacy Over the Powers. Wm. B. Eerdmans. God and Samuel accept (and honor) Israel's (bad) decision as accomplished fact and proceed to live with it rather than try to reverse it. 
  9. ^ Гончарок, Моше (2002). ПЕПЕЛ НАШИХ КОСТРОВ, Очерки Истории Еврейского Анархистского Движения (ИДИШ-АНАРХИЗМ) (in Russian). Jerusalem: Problemen. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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