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Jhargram Raj Palace
Jhargram Raj Palace
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Jhargram Tourism
CM Mamata Banerjee Inaugurates new district Jhargram
CM Mamata Banerjee Inaugurates new district Jhargram
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: ABP ANANDA
ABHIJIT MAJUMDER, JHARGRAM 2016, PART - 1
ABHIJIT MAJUMDER, JHARGRAM 2016, PART - 1
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Jayjit Chakraborty
Jhargram now district number 22
Jhargram now district number 22
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: 24 ghanta
Forest of Jhargram
Forest of Jhargram
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: Rintu Chitrakar
Jhargram Family Tour May 2017
Jhargram Family Tour May 2017
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Iframes Media Solutions
Dev
Dev's election campaign in support of Dr Uma Soren in Jhargram on 26 April, 2014
Published: 2014/04/26
Channel: STING NEWZ
Jhargram will get the status of separate district today
Jhargram will get the status of separate district today
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: ABP ANANDA
24 11 11 jhargram kishanjee encounter 03
24 11 11 jhargram kishanjee encounter 03
Published: 2011/11/25
Channel: Tummala Reddy
Jhargram: Despite of 3 super specialty hospitals, doctor’s advises patient
Jhargram: Despite of 3 super specialty hospitals, doctor’s advises patient's to visit nursing home
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: 24 ghanta
Jhargram: Bomb hoax at RBM Girls High School
Jhargram: Bomb hoax at RBM Girls High School
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: 24 ghanta
24 11 11 jhargram kishanjee encounter 01
24 11 11 jhargram kishanjee encounter 01
Published: 2011/11/25
Channel: Tummala Reddy
Jhargram MODEL SCHOOL daNce programe
Jhargram MODEL SCHOOL daNce programe
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Gopinath Soren
Ramkrishna Mission takes over school in Jhargram on request of CM Mamata Banerjee
Ramkrishna Mission takes over school in Jhargram on request of CM Mamata Banerjee
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: ABP ANANDA
SANTALI SONG JHARGRAM 2017
SANTALI SONG JHARGRAM 2017
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Mansaram Shit
Gyaneshwari exp train accident at jhargram,West bengal.AVI
Gyaneshwari exp train accident at jhargram,West bengal.AVI
Published: 2010/07/04
Channel: Kishore Das
Jhargram district declayered , our new dist of West bengal, 4april 2017
Jhargram district declayered , our new dist of West bengal, 4april 2017
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: SANTALI FAMILY
Jhargram Mini Zoo
Jhargram Mini Zoo
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Jhargram Tourism
Special Child from Jhargram
Special Child from Jhargram
Published: 2013/12/27
Channel: Chinmoy Das
Jhumur song ....rohini ,$ankrail, jhargram ,paschim medinipur, west bengal...singer ..chhabirani
Jhumur song ....rohini ,$ankrail, jhargram ,paschim medinipur, west bengal...singer ..chhabirani
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: uttam mahata
JHUMUR SONG Jhargram- Maa mati janam bhumi amar kache sonaa.
JHUMUR SONG Jhargram- Maa mati janam bhumi amar kache sonaa.
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: JHUMUR SONG Jhargram/Purulia
Jhargram District , ঝাড়্গ্রাম জেলা, new dist of WB, panch matha mor 3april
Jhargram District , ঝাড়্গ্রাম জেলা, new dist of WB, panch matha mor 3april
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: SANTALI FAMILY
NEW SANTALI Video SONG 2017 JHARGRAM
NEW SANTALI Video SONG 2017 JHARGRAM
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: masti online
JHUMUR SONG Jhargram- Bose chili kulhir pihay
JHUMUR SONG Jhargram- Bose chili kulhir pihay
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: JHUMUR SONG Jhargram/Purulia
Wild Elephant in jhargram
Wild Elephant in jhargram
Published: 2012/06/01
Channel: Bidhan Roy
Jhargram to gopi journey    2017
Jhargram to gopi journey 2017
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Rahul Roy
Jhargram studiam parid 2017 Republic  day  celebration ........
Jhargram studiam parid 2017 Republic day celebration ........
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Kshudi Ram Hansda
My Jhargram Ghatshila Trip Nov 2016
My Jhargram Ghatshila Trip Nov 2016
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Ajoy Kumar Das
Jhargram boy catches Ganguly
Jhargram boy catches Ganguly's attention!
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: www.xtratime.in
Trip to Jhargram
Trip to Jhargram
Published: 2012/02/12
Channel: ProsenjitRoy2k10
Dhangri Program, Jhargram, India
Dhangri Program, Jhargram, India
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Manik Soren
Upcoming new 2017 amazing dance ( jhargram Anari boyzz )
Upcoming new 2017 amazing dance ( jhargram Anari boyzz )
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: Dipak Tudu
Jhargram police felicitates Kanyasree  benefeciaries
Jhargram police felicitates Kanyasree benefeciaries
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: 24 ghanta
Jhargram New District in Night.
Jhargram New District in Night.
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Somnath Bhui
Jhargram Tourist Pleases....
Jhargram Tourist Pleases....
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: bikash das
Jhargram Railway Station
Jhargram Railway Station
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: Rintu Chitrakar
University may be establish in Jhargram, says CM
University may be establish in Jhargram, says CM
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: ABP ANANDA
Jhargram Banitirtha High School
Jhargram Banitirtha High School
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Sukhendu Karan
jhargram
jhargram's Voter's reaction
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: ABP ANANDA
Jhargram Orgestar.
Jhargram Orgestar.
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Nandu Mandal
UFO
UFO's @ Jhargram
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Sayan Chatterjee
Srinu Naidu murder case: Arms and ammunition recovered from Jhargram after interrogating Shankar Rao
Srinu Naidu murder case: Arms and ammunition recovered from Jhargram after interrogating Shankar Rao
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: 24 ghanta
Rathin kisku at Jhargram Antarjatik Biswa Adibasi dibos.
Rathin kisku at Jhargram Antarjatik Biswa Adibasi dibos.
Published: 2012/08/11
Channel: Surya Mandi
Jhargram sing bazna
Jhargram sing bazna
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Biplab Patra
UPCOMING SANTALI MUSICAL ALBUM
UPCOMING SANTALI MUSICAL ALBUM '' MICHE KUKMU'' .. promo 2017 FROM JHARGRAM , PASCHIM MEDNIPUR..
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: SR CREATION PRODUCTION
Jhargram Rajbari Resort
Jhargram Rajbari Resort
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Tarun Karan
Bapla jhargram
Bapla jhargram
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Sambhu Saren
Nusrat Jahan at Jhargram Rajbari, Kartik Guha, Bengal Update TV
Nusrat Jahan at Jhargram Rajbari, Kartik Guha, Bengal Update TV
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Sukumar Mitra
Jhargram
Jhargram
Published: 2014/05/02
Channel: Kishore Deb
jhargram picnic spot
jhargram picnic spot
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Calm Tv
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Jhargram
ঝাড়গ্রাম
City
Jhargram Deer Park
Jhargram Deer Park
Nickname(s): Aranya Sundari-অরণ্য সুন্দরী
Jhargram is located in West Bengal
Jhargram
Jhargram
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°27′N 86°59′E / 22.45°N 86.98°E / 22.45; 86.98Coordinates: 22°27′N 86°59′E / 22.45°N 86.98°E / 22.45; 86.98
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Jhargram
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Chairperson Raja Shivendra Bijoy Malla Deb
Elevation 81 m (266 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 61,712
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721507
Telephone code 03221
Vehicle registration WB-49,50
Lok Sabha constituency Jhargram
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jhargram, Gopiballavpur
Website www.jhargrammunicipality.org

Jhargram (Bengali: ঝাড়গ্রাম) is a city and the administrative headquarters of Jhargram district located in the Indian state of West Bengal.[1] It is a municipality which is a popular tourist destination known for its forests,ancient temples and royal palaces[2]

Geography[edit]

Jhargram is located at 22°27′N 86°59′E / 22.45°N 86.98°E / 22.45; 86.98.[3] It has an average elevation of 81 metres (265 feet). The weather, like much of Bengal, is extremely humid and tropical. Temperatures can reach as high as 46 °C in the hot and dry months of May and June but can plummet to 4 °C in the chilly nights of December and January.

History[edit]

Legend says that around 1592 CE, Raja Man Singh of Amber had come to conquer Bengal on behest of Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great from Rajputana (Rajasthan) to expand the Mughal Empire to Eastern India. He appointed one of his loyal officers in the army, Sarveshwar Singh, to defeat the local rulers of the region known as Junglekhand. This area is also mentioned in Ain-i-Akbari as Jharikhanda, and it was populated by the Santhal, Munda, Bhumij and Lodha people groups. The area belonged to the Mal Raja. The Mals were ancient warriors and were powerful people in the eastern part of India since the time of the Mauryas and the Guptas.

Sarveshwar Singh, together with the Rajput military force and cavalry, invaded the deep forest and vanquished the Mal rulers. Hence, he adopted the surname, Malla Deb. In order to commemorate this victory, every year an idol of Mal Raja is made and slain on Vijayadashami day. Raja Man Singh was appointed the Governor of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa by the Mughal Emperor. After the campaign, he decided to return to Rajputana and granted Mansabdari of the 1200 km square Junglekhand region to Sarveshwar Singh as a reward.

The first fortress was supposed to have existed in Old Jhargram, but the ruins of the fortress are said to have gone underground due to some unknown reasons. Sarveshwar Singh was the founder of the Jhargram kingdom, and he belonged to the Chauhan clan of Rajputs from Fatehpur Sikri in Rajputana.[4] He took the title of Raja and named the state capital Jhargram, which means a forest village which is surrounded by walls and canals. It was known as Ugal in the local language. Even today, the day after Durga Ashtami, the four corners (Ugals) are worshiped for the protection of the erstwhile kingdom. The man who was the hero or bull within the surrounded wall and canal were called Ugal Sanda. As such, the full name of the Raja of the State was known as Raja Sarveshwar Malla Ugal Sanda Deb, and the title has been continued up to Raja Narasingha Malla Ugal Sanda Deb.

The Marathas invaded the region between 1742–47. The rulers of Jhargram joined forces with Raja of Bishnupur and the Nawab of Bengal to fight a war against them, and they were victorious. Jhargram remained an independent kingdom until 1767, when The East India Company, led by Robert Clive, came from Midnapore, via Radhanagar to capture the Jhargram fort. Raja took part in the Chuar Rebellion to protect his independent status and revolted against the British, but he ultimately surrendered. The kingdom was then recognized as a Zamindari estate under the law of primogeniture, and the ruler was given the title of Raja. Jhargram fell twice into the Court of Wards, after the death of Raja Raghunath Malla Ugal Sanda Deb and Raja Chandi Charan Malla Ugal Sanda Deb, respectively; but was later released when the Raja Narasingha Malla Deb attained majority. In this connection, it may be mentioned that in 1944–45, the then Vice-Roy of India agreed to recognize Jhargram as a feudatory state; but at that time, the whole of India was going through turmoil and was moving towards independence. The Cabinet mission came to negotiate with congress, the Muslim League, and other parties. The proposal for the feudatory status of Jhargram Raj has put aside then.

The rulers of Jhargram were benevolent and progressive, and they focused on the welfare of their subjects. Raja Raghunath Malla Deb studied FA in Scottish Church College, and was the first-degree holder in the district. In 1899, he had established the first primary school in his kingdom. Raja was also an avid wrestler and was known for miraculous physical strength. His wrestling instruments are still kept in the Palace and Calcutta Museum. Raja Sir Narasingha Malla Deb, the last titular king of Jhargram, is considered the father of modern Jhargram. Educated at Midnapore Collegiate School and Presidency College in Calcutta, he is conferred with OBE and KBE, granted the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal, served as a member of the Legislative Council of Bengal from 1947–52 and 1952–57, and also a member of Parliament-Lok Sabha in Congress from 1957-62. He commissioned the new palace in 1931, which is one of the finest example of Indo Saracenic architecture and spread over 23 acres of land. During World War II, Raja sahib constructed an airstrip in Dudhkundi for the United States Air Force, apart also provided the Allied forces with elephants, vehicles and other help.

Between 1922–1950 Prof. Debendra Mohan Battacharya was the administrator of Jhargram and that time is seen as a golden age. In those twenty-eight years, Jhargram developed into a township; and during this period, many educational institutions were established and developed. Kumud Kumari Institution (K.K.I), a premier institution of the sub-division, was founded in 1924. In 1925, an annual sports fund was created; which was to be used to encourage sports activities, and construct the football stadium and the Jhargram Club. Raja Narasingha Malla Deb established Jhargram Agricultural College, which was renamed Jhargram Raj College. He also established Vidyasagar Polytechnic, industrial training and gave funds to set up Sri Ramkrishna Saradapeeth Girls High School and Bharat Sevashram Sangha. The royal family established and assisted in the running of all primary institutions for at risk people in the Jhargram estate. At the consent of the Governor of Bengal, he established a hospital at Jhargram town in the name of his late father, Chandi Charan Charitable Hospital. Later on in every tehsil, a charitable hospital was established for primary treatment in the nearby villages. Raja established the Bani Bhaban, under the guidance of Lady Abala Bose, for rehabilitation of widows. He also donated land to the Roman Catholic Church of India and the Muslim community to build Nurrani Jama Masjid in Jhargram. In 1947, further land was acquired, and Jhargram Raj constructed buildings to develop a school, which was Rani Binode Manjuri Govt. Girls School; which is now one of the premier schools in Midnapore district.

Between 1928–1950, Sir Raja Narasingha Malla Deb donated to welfare causes and donated 10,000 bighas of land to poor farmers in 1947, making him the single largest land donor in West Bengal. [5]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Jhargram had a population of 53,158. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jhargram has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 71%. In Jhargram, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Police station[edit]

Jhargram District Police Station has jurisdiction over Jhargram CD Block.[7][8]

Economy[edit]

The main economy of this area is business & cultivation. Some people are government employees, School Teachers and employed in other private sectors.The financial status of most of the people is in the middle class category.

Education[edit]

There are a number of well-known schools and colleges in Jhargram.

Colleges[edit]

The name of the colleges are

Schools[edit]

Schools in Jhargram follow the "10+2+3" plan. After completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in schools that have a higher secondary facility and is affiliated with the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education(WBCHSE).

The name of the schools are

Acting Schools[edit]

  • Golden Life Acting Modeling Institute. Established in 2012, First & one & only institutions.[10]

Health[edit]

Today Jhargram District Hospital and Jhargram Super Specialty Hospital are main public sector hospitals in Jhargram. A number of private clinics and nursing homes also operate.

Culture[edit]

Jhargram is the golden treasury of tribal dances. Some of these tribal dances are on the verge of extinction. Chuang, Chang, Chou, Dangrey, Jhumur, Panta, Ranpa, Saharul, Tusu & Bhadu etc. is not only a mere experience of some masterpiece of human creative art, but a fascinating adventure through essential dimensions of a civilization, its collective priorities, the skills of their implementation and the philosophies that inform them.

Besides the tribal culture, the regular Bengali festivals like Durga puja, Saraswati puja, Diwali and Kali pujas are well attended. Other common pujas in the worship of Sitala, Jagaddhatri, Holi, Ratha Yatra, Janmashtami, Bheema Puja, etc. also takes place.

To know more details about tribal dances and cultures see [1]

A lot of fairs and carnivals take place in Jhargram. The famous fairs in Jhargram are Jungle Mahal Utsav, Jhargram Mela & Yuva Utsav, Rong Maati Manush, Shrabani Mela, Baishakhi Mela, Milan Mela.[11]

Tourist Attractions[edit]

Jhargram is an interesting tourist place for its unique location and natural beauty. There are several tourist-attracting places throughout the Sub-Division.

  • Jhargram Palace
  • Deer Park (Jungle Mahal Zoological park)
  • Savitri Temple
  • Rabindra Park
  • Chilkigarh Raj Palace
  • Kanak Durga Temple
  • Jungle Mahal
  • Medical Plants Garden (Ex-situ Conservation Site for Medicinal Plant Species) (Amlachoti)
  • Dherua (for the banks of Kansai river)
  • Sevayatan is known for its beauty of Kechenda Bandh (lake) & surrounding forests.
  • Tribal Museum
  • Alampur
  • Kendua (to see migrating birds)
  • Kakrajhore Forest
  • Rohini: This is a historical village situated on the bank of Subarnarekha River. Birthplace of famous Vaishnav saint Rashikanandaji Maharaj.
  • Mukutmanipur Dam
  • Gidhni Annukul Ashram
  • Pukuria Bharat Sevashram Sangha

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Nearest airport is Chakulia Airfield, at about 39 km distance. It was last used during WW2 up to 1945. The nearest operational airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport of Kolkata 155 km (by train) and 169 km (by road- NH-6).Sonari Airport of Jamshedpur is located at a distance 96 km by train.Birsa Munda Airport of Ranchi is located at a distance of 233 km (by road- NH-33) and 258 km (by train).

Train[edit]

Jhargram is connected not only to larger cities in the region, but also to smaller towns and villages in the district. Jhargram Railway Station is on the Kharagpur-Tatanagar section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, an express train route. The Jhargram railway station comes under South Eastern Railway. Jhargram is well connected by train to nearest big city like Kolkata/Howrah (155 km), Kharagpur (39 km), Asansol, Tatanagar (96 km), Ranchi, Dhanbad, Rourkela, Jharsuguda, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Puri, Bhilai and also Delhi, Mumbai etc.

Road[edit]

Jhargram is also very well connected by highways it lies on AH46 which is a part of the Asian Highway Network and also with other nearby cities like Medinipur (40 km over Dherua - Medinipur Road), Kharagpur (46 km over NH-6), Durgapur (156 km over SH-9), Asansol (181 km over NH-60 and SH-9), Bankura (114 km over SH-9 and 5), Purulia (142 km over SH-5), Haldia (150 km over AH46 and NH41), Contai (144 km over SH-5), Digha (165 km over NH-60), Kolkata/Howrah (169 km over AH46), Tatanagar (114 km over NH-33), Baripada (99 km over AH46 and NH-5), etc.

Local Transportation[edit]

For local transportation Bus, Taxi, Minibus, Auto-Rikshaws, Cycle-Rikshaws, Electric-Rikshaws (ToTo) are available.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jhargram to be state's 22nd district on April 4". Millennium Post. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  2. ^ https://www.paschimmedinipur.gov.in/tourism/index.php
  3. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jhargram, India". Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Rathore, Abhinay. "Jhargram (Zamindari)". Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Jhargram Estate". WordPress.com. May 19, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014. ,
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "District at a Glance". Paschim Medinipur District Police. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "ITI exam cancellation". 
  10. ^ Golden life, Institute. "Golden Life Acting Modeling Institute in Jhargram". 
  11. ^ "Jhargram Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 

External links[edit]

Jhargram travel guide from Wikivoyage

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